fancy carp

Summary

Alias: koi, mirror carp, common carp, carp, Cyprinus carpio, Cyrpinus carpio, Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758, Cyprinus cyprio

Top Publications

  1. Chen W, Lin H, Li W. Molecular characterization and expression pattern of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in common carp, Cyprinus carpio. Fish Physiol Biochem. 2012;38:1843-1854 pubmed publisher
    ..encoding the insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) was cloned from the liver of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) by RT-PCR...
  2. Nakao M, Osaka K, Kato Y, Fujiki K, Yano T. Molecular cloning of the complement (C1r/C1s/MASP2-like serine proteases from the common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Immunogenetics. 2001;52:255-63 pubmed
    ..we describe two distinct C1r/C1s/MASP2-like cDNA clones (C1r/s-A, C1r/s-B) isolated from the common carp (Cyprinus carpio)...
  3. Sun X, Shang N, Hu W, Wang Y, Guo Q. Molecular cloning and characterization of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) CD8beta and CD4-like genes. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2007;23:1242-55 pubmed publisher
    Partial cDNA sequences of both CD8beta and CD4-like (CD4L) genes of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) were isolated from thymus cDNA library by the method of suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH)...
  4. Abdelkhalek N, Komiya A, Kato Unoki Y, Somamoto T, Nakao M. Molecular evidence for the existence of two distinct IL-8 lineages of teleost CXC-chemokines. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2009;27:763-7 pubmed publisher
    ..the present study, a novel IL-8-like chemokine, designated CaIL-8, has been found in the expressed sequence tags of carp gills and identified as an orthologue of mammalian IL-8...
  5. Sakata H, Savan R, Sogabe R, Kono T, Taniguchi K, Gunimaladevi I, et al. Cloning and analysis of non-specific cytotoxic cell receptor (NCCRP)-1 from common carp Cyprinus carpio L. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2005;140:287-94 pubmed
    ..NCCRP-1 has been cloned from common carp Cyprinus carpio L. from fish barbel by EST analysis...
  6. Sun H, Hui C, Wu J. Cloning, characterization, and expression in Escherichia coli of three creatine kinase muscle isoenzyme cDNAs from carp (Cyprinus carpio) striated muscle. J Biol Chem. 1998;273:33774-80 pubmed
    ..three full-length cDNAs that correspond to three closely related creatine kinase M-CK genes from common carp (Cyprinus carpio), designated the M1-CK, M2-CK, and M3-CK genes...
  7. Fujiki K, Bayne C, Shin D, Nakao M, Yano T. Molecular cloning of carp (Cyprinus carpio) C-type lectin and pentraxin by use of suppression subtractive hybridisation. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2001;11:275-9 pubmed publisher
  8. Nakao M, Hisamatsu S, Nakahara M, Kato Y, Smith S, Yano T. Molecular cloning of the complement regulatory factor I isotypes from the common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Immunogenetics. 2003;54:801-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report the complete primary structure of two isotypic factor Is isolated from the common carp ( Cyprinus carpio), a pseudotetraploid teleost...
  9. Engelsma M, Stet R, Saeij J, Verburg van Kemenade B. Differential expression and haplotypic variation of two interleukin-1beta genes in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Cytokine. 2003;22:21-32 pubmed
    ..In this study, we describe a second IL-1beta sequence (IL-1beta2) in carp with 74% amino acid identity to the carp IL-1beta1 sequence...

More Information

Publications394 found, 100 shown here

  1. Huising M, van Schijndel J, Kruiswijk C, Nabuurs S, Savelkoul H, Flik G, et al. The presence of multiple and differentially regulated interleukin-12p40 genes in bony fishes signifies an expansion of the vertebrate heterodimeric cytokine family. Mol Immunol. 2006;43:1519-33 pubmed
    ..Here, we report the presence of IL-12p35 and three highly distinct IL-12p40 genes in common carp (Cyprinus carpio)...
  2. Huising M, Kruiswijk C, Flik G. Phylogeny and evolution of class-I helical cytokines. J Endocrinol. 2006;189:1-25 pubmed
    ..A 'fish-mammalian' comparison will identify the class-I helical cytokines that still await discovery in fish or, alternatively, may have been evolutionarily recent additions to the mammalian cytokine repertoire. ..
  3. Huising M, Geven E, Kruiswijk C, Nabuurs S, Stolte E, Spanings F, et al. Increased leptin expression in common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) after food intake but not after fasting or feeding to satiation. Endocrinology. 2006;147:5786-97 pubmed publisher
    ..We report the identification of duplicate leptin genes in common carp (Cyprinus carpio)...
  4. Shang N, Sun X, Hu W, Wang Y, Guo Q. Molecular cloning and characterization of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) TCRgamma and CD3gamma/delta chains. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2008;24:412-25 pubmed publisher
    Partial cDNA sequences of TCRgamma and CD3gamma/delta were isolated from the thymus of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) by the method of suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH)...
  5. Adamek M, Gonzalez S, Frost P, Rombout J, Wiegertjes G, Savelkoul H, et al. Molecular cloning and expression of two ?-defensin and two mucin genes in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) and their up-regulation after ?-glucan feeding. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;32:494-501 pubmed publisher
    In this study, we described the partial structure, mRNA tissue distribution and regulation of two carp mucin and two ?-defensin genes. This is the first description of these genes in fish...
  6. Concha M, Smith V, Castro K, Bast as A, Romero A, Amthauer R. Apolipoproteins A-I and A-II are potentially important effectors of innate immunity in the teleost fish Cyprinus carpio. Eur J Biochem. 2004;271:2984-90 pubmed publisher
    We have previously shown that high density lipoprotein is the most abundant protein in the carp plasma and displays bactericidal activity in vitro...
  7. Chang Y, Huang F, Lo T. The complete nucleotide sequence and gene organization of carp (Cyprinus carpio) mitochondrial genome. J Mol Evol. 1994;38:138-55 pubmed
    The complete sequence of the carp mitochondrial genome of 16,575 base pairs has been determined. The carp mitochondrial genome encodes the same set of genes (13 proteins, 2 rRNAs, and 22 tRNAs) as do other vertebrate mitochondrial DNAs...
  8. Sumathy K, Desai K, Kondaiah P. Isolation of transforming growth factor-beta2 cDNA from a fish, Cyprinus carpio by RT-PCR. Gene. 1997;191:103-7 pubmed
    ..In this report we demonstrate the presence of TGF-beta2 in pisces. TGF-beta2 has been cloned from a fish, Cyprinus carpio, by RT-PCR using degenerate oligonucleotide primers...
  9. Fujiki K, Shin D, Nakao M, Yano T. Molecular cloning of carp (Cyprinus carpio) CC chemokine, CXC chemokine receptors, allograft inflammatory factor-1, and natural killer cell enhancing factor by use of suppression subtractive hybridization. Immunogenetics. 1999;49:909-14 pubmed
  10. Nakao M, Mutsuro J, Obo R, Fujiki K, Nonaka M, Yano T. Molecular cloning and protein analysis of divergent forms of the complement component C3 from a bony fish, the common carp (Cyprinus carpio): presence of variants lacking the catalytic histidine. Eur J Immunol. 2000;30:858-66 pubmed publisher
    ..diversity of bony fish C3, we have isolated eight distinct cDNA clones encoding C3 from a single carp (Cyprinus carpio)...
  11. Fujiki K, Shin D, Nakao M, Yano T. Molecular cloning and expression analysis of carp (Cyprinus carpio) interleukin-1 beta, high affinity immunoglobulin E Fc receptor gamma subunit and serum amyloid A. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2000;10:229-42 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, cDNA of normal fish (carp) head kidney cells (HKC) was subtracted from pooled cDNA of HKC and peritoneal cell (PC) obtained from fish which ..
  12. Tse M, Vong Q, Cheng C, Chan K. PCR-cloning and gene expression studies in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) insulin-like growth factor-II. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002;1575:63-74 pubmed
    ..In this study, we used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to obtain a common carp IGF-II (ccIGF-II) cDNA fragment and methods of rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACEs) to obtain a full-length ..
  13. Panserat S, Plagnes Juan E, Kaushik S. Gluconeogenic enzyme gene expression is decreased by dietary carbohydrates in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata). Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002;1579:35-42 pubmed
    ..compared the regulation of gluconeogenic enzymes at a molecular level in two fish species, the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), known to be relatively tolerant to dietary carbohydrates...
  14. Fujiki K, Nakao M, Dixon B. Molecular cloning and characterisation of a carp (Cyprinus carpio) cytokine-like cDNA that shares sequence similarity with IL-6 subfamily cytokines CNTF, OSM and LIF. Dev Comp Immunol. 2003;27:127-36 pubmed
    ..between sodium alginate-induced peritoneal cells (SA-PC) and normal head kidney cDNAs in common carp (Cyprinus carpio), a cytokine-like cDNA clone was found...
  15. Kato Y, Nakao M, Mutsuro J, Zarkadis I, Yano T. The complement component C5 of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio): cDNA cloning of two distinct isotypes that differ in a functional site. Immunogenetics. 2003;54:807-15 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study was designed to obtain the complete primary structure of C5 from the common carp ( Cyprinus carpio) and to examine its possible structural diversity...
  16. Huising M, Metz J, van Schooten C, Taverne Thiele A, Hermsen T, Verburg van Kemenade B, et al. Structural characterisation of a cyprinid (Cyprinus carpio L.) CRH, CRH-BP and CRH-R1, and the role of these proteins in the acute stress response. J Mol Endocrinol. 2004;32:627-48 pubmed
    We elucidated the structure of the principle factors regulating the initiation of the acute stress response in common carp: corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH), CRH-receptor 1 (CRH-R1) and CRH-binding protein (CRH-BP)...
  17. Ju T, Huang F. MSAP, the meichroacidin homolog of carp (Cyprinus carpio), differs from the rodent counterpart in germline expression and involves flagellar differentiation. Biol Reprod. 2004;71:1419-29 pubmed publisher
    To gain access to the molecular mechanisms of spermatogenesis, the genes from a subtractive screen of the carp testis cDNA library were investigated...
  18. Li S, Hu W, Wang Y, Zhu Z. Cloning and expression analysis in mature individuals of two chicken type-II GnRH (cGnRH-II) genes in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Sci China C Life Sci. 2004;47:349-58 pubmed
    ..Two differing cGnRH-II cDNAs of common carp, namely cGnRH-II cDNA1 and cDNA2, were firstly cloned from the brain by rapid amplification of cDNA end (RACE) ..
  19. Huttenhuis H, Huising M, van der Meulen T, van Oosterhoud C, S nchez N, Taverne Thiele A, et al. Rag expression identifies B and T cell lymphopoietic tissues during the development of common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Dev Comp Immunol. 2005;29:1033-47 pubmed publisher
    The generation of lymphoid cells during carp development was studied by analyzing expression of the recombination activating genes (rag) using in situ hybridization and real time quantitative PCR...
  20. Nakao M, Kajiya T, Sato Y, Somamoto T, Kato Unoki Y, Matsushita M, et al. Lectin pathway of bony fish complement: identification of two homologs of the mannose-binding lectin associated with MASP2 in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio). J Immunol. 2006;177:5471-9 pubmed
    ..we report the isolation and characterization of two MBL homologs from a cyprinid teleost, the common carp, Cyprinus carpio. One, designated GalBL, corresponds to the MBL-like molecule with the galactose specificity...
  21. Stolte E, Savelkoul H, Wiegertjes G, Flik G, Lidy Verburg van Kemenade B. Differential expression of two interferon-gamma genes in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Dev Comp Immunol. 2008;32:1467-81 pubmed publisher
    ..In-vivo parasite infection, but as predicted not zymosan-induced inflammation, resulted in concomitant upregulation of T-bet and IFN-gamma-2. This corroborates a genuine T-lymphocyte associated role for IFN-gamma-2. ..
  22. Ribeiro C, Hermsen T, Taverne Thiele A, Savelkoul H, Wiegertjes G. Evolution of recognition of ligands from Gram-positive bacteria: similarities and differences in the TLR2-mediated response between mammalian vertebrates and teleost fish. J Immunol. 2010;184:2355-68 pubmed publisher
    ..conserved, the position of the critical peptidoglycan (PGN)-binding residues in the leucine-rich repeat domain of carp TLR2 were conserved...
  23. Kongchum P, Hallerman E, Hulata G, David L, Palti Y. Molecular cloning, characterization and expression analysis of TLR9, MyD88 and TRAF6 genes in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2011;30:361-71 pubmed publisher
    ..we report full-length cDNA isolation, structural characterization and tissue mRNA expression analysis of the common carp (cc) TLR9, MyD88 and TRAF6 gene orthologs...
  24. Syakuri H, Adamek M, Brogden G, Rakus K, Matras M, Irnazarow I, et al. Intestinal barrier of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) during a cyprinid herpesvirus 3-infection: molecular identification and regulation of the mRNA expression of claudin encoding genes. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2013;34:305-14 pubmed publisher
    ..tissue of the cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (CyHV-3) or koi herpesvirus (KHV) which causes major disease problems in carp production worldwide...
  25. Li H, Zhang F, Guo H, Zhu Y, Yuan J, Yang G, et al. Molecular characterization of hepcidin gene in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) and its expression pattern responding to bacterial challenge. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2013;35:1030-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report the cloning and identification of a hepcidin cDNA from the liver of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.)...
  26. Nakao M, Fushitani Y, Fujiki K, Nonaka M, Yano T. Two diverged complement factor B/C2-like cDNA sequences from a teleost, the common carp (Cyprinus carpio). J Immunol. 1998;161:4811-8 pubmed
    ..describe two diverged B/C2-like cDNA clones (B/C2-A and B/C2-B) isolated from a bony fish, the common carp (Cyprinus carpio)...
  27. Kruiswijk C, Hermsen T, Westphal A, Savelkoul H, Stet R. A novel functional class I lineage in zebrafish (Danio rerio), carp (Cyprinus carpio), and large barbus (Barbus intermedius) showing an unusual conservation of the peptide binding domains. J Immunol. 2002;169:1936-47 pubmed
    ..Zebrafish (Danio rerio), common carp (Cyprinus carpio), and barbus (Barbus intermedius) represent highly divergent cyprinid genera...
  28. Kono T, Sakai M. Molecular cloning of a novel bactericidal permeability-increasing protein/lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (BPI/LBP) from common carp Cyprinus carpio L. and its expression. Mol Immunol. 2003;40:269-78 pubmed
    ..protein/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding protein (BPI/LBP) was isolated from common carp Cyprinus carpio L. by EST analysis. This gene showed structural similarity with BPI/LBP gene in mammals...
  29. Kato Y, Nakao M, Shimizu M, Wariishi H, Yano T. Purification and functional assessment of C3a, C4a and C5a of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) complement. Dev Comp Immunol. 2004;28:901-10 pubmed publisher
    ..activity of purified anaphylactic fragments derived from the complement components C3, C4 and C5 of the common carp. The purified anaphylatoxins are two C5a-desArg peptides derived from the C5-I isotype, an intact form and a ..
  30. Fu J, Xie P. The acute effects of microcystin LR on the transcription of nine glutathione S-transferase genes in common carp Cyprinus carpio L. Aquat Toxicol. 2006;80:261-6 pubmed publisher
    ..and pi), mitochondrial GST (kappa) and microsomal GSTs (mGST1, mGST2 and mGST3) were cloned from common carp Cyprinus carpio. The mRNA abundance of each carp GST isoform in liver was analyzed by real time PCR...
  31. Onara D, Forlenza M, Gonzalez S, Rakus K, Pilarczyk A, Irnazarow I, et al. Differential transcription of multiple forms of alpha-2-macroglobulin in carp (Cyprinus carpio) infected with parasites. Dev Comp Immunol. 2008;32:339-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Previously, three a2M alpha chain sequences were reported for East-Asian common carp. We studied a2M alpha chain variability in European common carp and report the cloning of a fourth a2M alpha ..
  32. Forlenza M, de Carvalho Dias J, Vesely T, Pokorová D, Savelkoul H, Wiegertjes G. Transcription of signal-3 cytokines, IL-12 and IFN alpha beta, coincides with the timing of CD8 alpha beta up-regulation during viral infection of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L). Mol Immunol. 2008;45:1531-47 pubmed
    ..CD8 alpha and CD8 beta homologues, each present in duplicate copies and of two TCR-C alpha isoforms in European common carp. The identification of (cytotoxic) T cell marker sequences and the availability of sequences coding for the ..
  33. Barney M, Patil J, Gunasekera R, Carter C. Distinct cytochrome P450 aromatase isoforms in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio): sexual dimorphism and onset of ontogenic expression. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2008;156:499-508 pubmed publisher
    ..the two distinct isoforms, ovarian and brain (termed cyp19a and cyp19b, respectively) of adult common carp, Cyprinus carpio. The cloned cDNA for cyp19a had an open reading frame (ORF) of 518 amino acid residues, in contrast to cyp19b ..
  34. Honjoh K, Matsuura K, Machida T, Nishi K, Nakao M, Yano T, et al. Enhancement of menadione stress tolerance in yeast by accumulation of hypotaurine and taurine: co-expression of cDNA clones, from Cyprinus carpio, for cysteine dioxygenase and cysteine sulfinate decarboxylase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Amino Acids. 2010;38:1173-83 pubmed publisher
    ..dioxygenase (CDO1 and CDO2) and a cDNA clone for cysteine sulfinate decarboxylase (CSD) were isolated from Cyprinus carpio. Deduced amino acid sequences of the two CDOs and that of CSD showed high similarity to those of CDOs and ..
  35. Wan Y, Zhang Y, Ji P, Li Y, Xu P, Sun X. Molecular characterization of CART, AgRP, and MC4R genes and their expression with fasting and re-feeding in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Mol Biol Rep. 2012;39:2215-23 pubmed publisher
    ..The genes were cloned and characterized, and their regulation was studied in common carp. The CARTI and CARTII genes encode 117- and 120-amino acids, respectively...
  36. Falco A, Cartwright J, Wiegertjes G, Hoole D. Molecular characterization and expression analysis of two new C-reactive protein genes from common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Dev Comp Immunol. 2012;37:127-38 pubmed publisher
    ..Transcripts encoding two new CRP-like molecules (ccCRP1 and ccCRP2) from European common carp have been characterized which has enabled seven CRP-like genes to be identified in zebrafish. 79...
  37. Han K, Yao Y, Dong S, Jin S, Xiao H, Wu H, et al. Chemical characterization of the glycated myofibrillar proteins from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) and their impacts on the human gut microbiota in vitro fermentation. Food Funct. 2017;8:1184-1194 pubmed publisher
    In this study, the chemical characterization of glycoconjugates of myofibrillar proteins from grass carp conjugated with glucose via Maillard reaction for up to 24 h of dry-heating was investigated, and their impacts on the microbial ..
  38. Wei F, Yu L, Li R, Zhang X, Zhang X, Zhang Y, et al. Studies of the cryopreservation condition of Gymnocypris przewalskii spermatozoa. Anim Reprod Sci. 2018;188:13-20 pubmed publisher
    The endemic naked carp (Gymnocypris przewalskii Kessler, 1876) plays an important role in the maintenance of the distinctive ecological system of Lake Qinghai at 3.2km altitude on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in China...
  39. Huang Z, Liu X, Jia S, Zhang L, Luo Y. The effect of essential oils on microbial composition and quality of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) fillets during chilled storage. Int J Food Microbiol. 2018;266:52-59 pubmed publisher
    ..effects of essential oils (oregano, thyme, and star anise) on microbial composition and quality of grass carp fillets were investigated...
  40. Sato R, Matsumoto T, Hidaka N, Imai Y, Abe K, Takahashi S, et al. Cloning and expression of carp acetylcholinesterase gene in Pichia pastoris and characterization of the recombinant enzyme. Protein Expr Purif. 2009;64:205-12 pubmed publisher
    The gene encoding acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was cloned from common carp muscle tissue. The full-length cDNA was 2368 bp that contains a coding region of 1902 bp, corresponding to a protein of 634 amino acids...
  41. Aoki T, Chimura K, Sugiura H, Mizuno Y. Structure of a sialo-oligosaccharide from glycophorin in carp red blood cell membranes. Membranes (Basel). 2014;4:764-77 pubmed publisher
    We isolated a high-purity carp glycophorin from carp erythrocyte membranes and prepared the oligosaccharide fraction from glycophorin by β-elimination [1]...
  42. Gotesman M, Menanteau Ledouble S, El Matbouli M. Proteomic Analysis of Cytoskeleton Proteins in Fish. Methods Mol Biol. 2016;1365:357-72 pubmed publisher
    ..We have used the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L...
  43. Li L, Dang Y, Shen Y, Xu X, Huang W, Li J. Hematological and Immunological plasma assays for grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) infected with Aeromonas hydrophila as an immune model in carp aquaculture. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2016;55:647-53 pubmed publisher
    Aeromonas hydrophila is the causative agent of bacterial septicemia, a common disease observed in grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella. In our study, C. idella specimens were infected with A...
  44. Harvey A, Solberg M, Troianou E, Carvalho G, Taylor M, Creer S, et al. Plasticity in growth of farmed and wild Atlantic salmon: is the increased growth rate of farmed salmon caused by evolutionary adaptations to the commercial diet?. BMC Evol Biol. 2016;16:264 pubmed
    ..hybrid salmon fed three contrasting diets under hatchery conditions; a commercial salmon pellet diet, a commercial carp pellet diet, and a mixed natural diet consisting of preserved invertebrates commonly found in Norwegian rivers...
  45. Xi B, Li P, Liu Q, Chen K, Teng T, Xie J. Description of a new Neoactinomyxum type actinosporean from the oligochaete Branchiura sowerbyi Beddard. Syst Parasitol. 2017;94:73-80 pubmed publisher
    Actinosporean infection of oligochaetes living in the mud of a commercial gibel carp pond with myxosporean disease was studied...
  46. Abdollahi M, Rezaei M, Jafarpour A, Undeland I. Sequential extraction of gel-forming proteins, collagen and collagen hydrolysate from gutted silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix), a biorefinery approach. Food Chem. 2018;242:568-578 pubmed publisher
    ..from the bone and skin containing sediment residue emerging during pH-shift-based protein isolation from silver carp. Hydrolysis resulted in higher yield (15.1-15.4%) compared to collagen isolation by acid or pepsin (3.1-5...
  47. Gao F, Lu W, Wang Y, Zhang Q, Zhang Y, Mou C, et al. Differential expression and functional diversification of diverse immunoglobulin domain-containing protein (DICP) family in three gynogenetic clones of gibel carp. Dev Comp Immunol. 2018;84:396-407 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we first identified 28 DICPs from three gibel carp gynogenetic clones and revealed their high variability and clone-specific feature...
  48. Zhou Y, Wang F, Liu S, Zhong H, Liu Z, Tao M, et al. Human chorionic gonadotropin suppresses expression of Piwis in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) ovaries. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2012;176:126-31 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the cDNAs encoding Piwil1 and Piwil2 were cloned and sequenced from the common carp. The full-length cDNA of Piwil1 and Piwil2 were 3114 and 3421bp, encoding 858 and 1034 amino acids including ..
  49. Holzer A, Hartigan A, Patra S, Pecková H, Eszterbauer E. Molecular fingerprinting of the myxozoan community in common carp suffering swim bladder inflammation (SBI) identifies multiple etiological agents. Parasit Vectors. 2014;7:398 pubmed publisher
    Swim bladder inflammation (SBI) is an important disease of common carp fingerlings in Central Europe. In the 1980s, its etiology was ascribed to multicellular proliferative stages of the myxozoan parasite Sphaerospora dykovae (formerly S...
  50. Tomizuka J, Tachibanaki S, Kawamura S. Phosphorylation-independent suppression of light-activated visual pigment by arrestin in carp rods and cones. J Biol Chem. 2015;290:9399-411 pubmed publisher
    ..between rod- and cone-type arrestin, we first identified the subtype of arrestins expressed in rods and cones in carp retina...
  51. Li L, Liang X, He S, Sun J, Wen Z, He Y, et al. Transcriptome analysis of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) fed with animal and plant diets. Gene. 2015;574:371-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Grass carp is a typical herbivorous fish...
  52. Li Z, Zhong L, Wu Y, Mu W. Alteration of cytochrome P450 1 regulation and HSP 70 level in brain of juvenile common carp (Cyprinus carpio) after chronic exposure to tributyltin. Fish Physiol Biochem. 2016;42:287-94 pubmed publisher
    ..of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) 1 family genes and ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activity in the brain of common carp were evaluated, as well as HSP 70 level. Fish were exposed to sublethal concentrations of TBT (75 ng/L, 0...
  53. Shi J, van Steenbergen H, van Nies J, Levarht E, Huizinga T, van der Helm van Mil A, et al. The specificity of anti-carbamylated protein antibodies for rheumatoid arthritis in a setting of early arthritis. Arthritis Res Ther. 2015;17:339 pubmed publisher
    Anti-carbamylated protein (anti-CarP) antibodies have been described in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and arthralgia patients at risk of developing RA. To what extent these autoantibodies are specific for RA is unknown...
  54. Xu H, Jiang W, Feng L, Liu Y, Wu P, Jiang J, et al. Dietary vitamin C deficiency depresses the growth, head kidney and spleen immunity and structural integrity by regulating NF-κB, TOR, Nrf2, apoptosis and MLCK signaling in young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2016;52:111-38 pubmed publisher
    ..and skin immunity, structural integrity and related signaling molecules mRNA expression levels of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 540 grass carp (264.37 ± 0...
  55. Lu L, Wang X, Wu S, Song X, Zou Z, Xie X, et al. Black carp STING functions importantly in innate immune defense against RNA virus. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2017;70:13-24 pubmed publisher
    ..To explore its role in teleost fish, the STING homolog of black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) (bcSTING) has been cloned and characterized in this paper...
  56. Rimayi C, Odusanya D, Weiss J, de Boer J, Chimuka L. Seasonal variation of chloro-s-triazines in the Hartbeespoort Dam catchment, South Africa. Sci Total Environ. 2018;613-614:472-482 pubmed publisher
    ..metabolites were detected in the fish muscle with deethylatrazine (DEA) being detected in both catfish and carp muscle at low concentrations of 0.2 and 0.3ngg-1, respectively...
  57. Li X, Zhang Y, Li X, Zheng H, Peng J, Fu S. Sustained exercise-trained juvenile black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) at a moderate water velocity exhibit improved aerobic swimming performance and increased postprandial metabolic responses. Biol Open. 2018;7: pubmed publisher
    ..4 BL s-1, has effects on swimming performance and digestive metabolism in juvenile black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus)...
  58. Yao F, Yang X, Wang X, Wei H, Zhang A, Zhou H. Molecular and functional characterization of an IL-1β receptor antagonist in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Dev Comp Immunol. 2015;49:207-16 pubmed publisher
    In the present study, we discovered a novel IL-1 family member (nIL-1F) from grass carp that possessed the ability to bind with grass carp IL-1β receptor type 1 (gcIL-1R1) and attenuate grass carp IL-1β activity in head kidney ..
  59. Du M, Chen M, Shen H, Wang W, Li Z, Wang W, et al. CyHV-2 ORF104 activates the p38 MAPK pathway. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2015;46:268-73 pubmed publisher
    ..In vivo study showed that CyHV-2 infection enhanced p38 phosphorylation in gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio)...
  60. Kováčik A, Tvrda E, Miskeje M, Árvay J, Tomka M, Zbynovska K, et al. Trace Metals in the Freshwater Fish Cyprinus carpio: Effect to Serum Biochemistry and Oxidative Status Markers. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2018;: pubmed publisher
    ..Freshwater fish Cyprinus carpio blood samples (n?=?38) were collected at the beginning of May (n?=?19) and at the end of July (n?=?19) of ..
  61. Podok P, Wang H, Xu L, Xu D, Lu L. Characterization of myeloid-specific peroxidase, keratin 8, and dual specificity phosphatase 1 as innate immune genes involved in the resistance of crucian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) to Cyprinid herpesvirus 2 infection. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2014;41:531-40 pubmed publisher
    ..identified MPO, KRT-8, and DUSP-1 as the three genes that were the most significantly upregulated in crucian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) that survived Cyprinid herpesvirus 2 (CyHV-2) infection...
  62. Dietrich M, Dietrich G, Mostek A, Ciereszko A. Motility of carp spermatozoa is associated with profound changes in the sperm proteome. J Proteomics. 2016;138:124-35 pubmed publisher
    ..However, it is unknown at present if and to what extent changes in proteins are involved in carp sperm motility...
  63. Wang X, Zhang T, Mao H, Mi Y, Zhong B, Wei L, et al. Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) ATF6 (activating transcription factor 6) modulates the transcriptional level of GRP78 and GRP94 in CIK cells. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2016;52:65-73 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, a grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) ATF6 full-length cDNA (named CiATF6, KT279356) has been cloned and identified...
  64. Chen X, Guo G, Sun L, Yang Q, Wang G, Zhang D. Modulatory role of L-carnitine against microcystin-LR-induced immunotoxicity and oxidative stress in common carp. Fish Physiol Biochem. 2017;43:1081-1093 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, healthy common carp (initial weight 24.8 ± 2.3 g) were randomly assigned to five groups...
  65. Chupani L, Niksirat H, Lünsmann V, Haange S, von Bergen M, Jehmlich N, et al. Insight into the modulation of intestinal proteome of juvenile common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) after dietary exposure to ZnO nanoparticles. Sci Total Environ. 2018;613-614:62-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Proteomics was applied to assess the sub-lethal effects of dietary ZnO NPs on two parts of carp intestine, the intestinal folds and the muscular parts...
  66. Chen W, Li W, Lin H. Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 (IGFBP-2): molecular cloning, expression profiles, and hormonal regulation in hepatocytes. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2009;161:390-9 pubmed publisher
    In the present study, we cloned IGFBP-2 cDNA from common carp (Cyprinus carpio) liver. The 1879 bp full-length cDNA encodes 274 amino acid residues containing a putative signal peptide of 22 residues...
  67. Dietrich M, Arnold G, Fröhlich T, Ciereszko A. In-depth proteomic analysis of carp (Cyprinus carpio L) spermatozoa. Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics. 2014;12:10-5 pubmed publisher
    ..performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry, we identified 348 proteins in carp spermatozoa, most of which were for the first time identified in fish...
  68. Xu X, Shen Y, Fu J, Lu L, Li J. Next-generation sequencing identified microRNAs that associate with motile aeromonad septicemia in grass carp. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2015;45:94-103 pubmed publisher
    ..study, we characterized miRNAs associated with susceptibility or resistance to motile Aeromonas hydrophila in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), a commercially important farmed fish species in China...
  69. Kobayashi I, Katakura F, Moritomo T. Isolation and characterization of hematopoietic stem cells in teleost fish. Dev Comp Immunol. 2016;58:86-94 pubmed publisher
    ..In the last decade, the zebrafish and clonal ginbuna carp (Carassius auratus langsdorfii) have emerged as new models for the study of HSCs...
  70. Wette S, Smith H, Lamb G, Murphy R. Characterization of muscle ankyrin repeat proteins in human skeletal muscle. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2017;313:C327-C339 pubmed publisher
    ..In cardiac muscle, cardiac ankyrin repeat protein (CARP) and diabetes-related ankyrin repeat protein (DARP) reportedly redistribute from binding sites on titin to the ..
  71. van Delft M, Verheul M, Burgers L, Derksen V, van der Helm van Mil A, Van der Woude D, et al. The isotype and IgG subclass distribution of anti-carbamylated protein antibodies in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Arthritis Res Ther. 2017;19:190 pubmed publisher
    Anti-carbamylated protein (anti-CarP) antibodies have recently been reported to occur in around 45% of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and to have prognostic and diagnostic properties...
  72. Shan L, Chen X, Ling F, Zhu B, Wang G. Targeting Heat Shock Protein 70 as an antiviral strategy against grass carp reovirus infection. Virus Res. 2018;247:1-9 pubmed publisher
    Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) hemorrhagic disease, caused by grass carp reovirus (GCRV), has been a serious problem in grass carp aquaculture for several decades...
  73. Zheng S, Li Y, Wang Q, Wu J, Wang Y, Zeng W, et al. Identification of a novel envelope protein encoded by ORF 136 from Cyprinid herpesvirus 3. Arch Virol. 2017;162:3849-3853 pubmed publisher
    ..3 (CyHV-3) is the pathogenic agent of koi herpesvirus disease (KHVD) afflicting common carp and koi (Cyprinus carpio L.) populations globally...
  74. Cao H, Yang Y, Lu L, Yang X, Ai X. Effect of copper sulfate on Bdellovibrio growth and bacteriolytic activity towards gibel carp-pathogenic Aeromonas hydrophila. Can J Microbiol. 2018;: pubmed publisher
    ..The bacteriolysis of gibel carp-pathogenic Aeromonas hydrophila by Bdellovibrio sp...
  75. Wang M, Zhao X, Kong X, Wang L, Jiao D, Zhang H. Molecular characterization and expressing analysis of the c-type and g-type lysozymes in Qihe crucian carp Carassius auratus. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2016;52:210-20 pubmed publisher
    ..cloning, tissue distribution and functional characterization of the c-type and g-type lysozymes in Qihe crucian carp Carassius auratus (designated as Ca-clys and Ca-glys, respectively)...
  76. Derksen V, Huizinga T, Van der Woude D. The role of autoantibodies in the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis. Semin Immunopathol. 2017;39:437-446 pubmed publisher
    ..rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA), anti-carbamylated protein antibodies (anti-CarP), and more recently anti-acetylated protein antibodies RA can be subdivided into seropositive and seronegative ..
  77. Stolte E, Chadzinska M, Przybylska D, Flik G, Savelkoul H, Verburg van Kemenade B. The immune response differentially regulates Hsp70 and glucocorticoid receptor expression in vitro and in vivo in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2009;27:9-16 pubmed publisher
    ..In common carp, (Cyprinus carpio) duplicated glucocorticoid receptor genes and splice variants with different cortisol sensitivities exist...
  78. Yu L, Yang X, Wang X, Yu W, Hu K. Effects of fish CYP inducers on difloxacin N-demethylation in kidney cell of Chinese idle (Ctenopharyngodon idellus). Fish Physiol Biochem. 2010;36:677-686 pubmed publisher
    ..of fish-specific CYP inducers on DIF N-demethylation and enzyme kinetics in kidney cell of Chinese idle (CIK; grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus)) by RP-HPLC...
  79. Jasnic Savovic J, Nestorovic A, Savic S, Karasek S, Vitulo N, Valle G, et al. Profiling of skeletal muscle Ankrd2 protein in human cardiac tissue and neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Histochem Cell Biol. 2015;143:583-97 pubmed publisher
    Muscle-specific mechanosensors Ankrd2/Arpp (ankyrin repeat protein 2) and Ankrd1/CARP (cardiac ankyrin repeat protein) have an important role in transcriptional regulation, myofibrillar assembly, cardiogenesis and myogenesis...
  80. Sun Z, Wang B, Liu Y, Liu X, Mi Y, Gu M, et al. Genome organization and transcriptional regulation of Adenosine Deaminase Acting on RNA gene 1 (ADAR1) in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Dev Comp Immunol. 2015;50:98-105 pubmed publisher
    ..study, we cloned and identified the full-length cDNA, complete genomic sequence and the promoter sequence of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) ADAR1 (CiADAR1) by homology cloning strategy and genome walking...
  81. Chen G, Liu Y, Jiang J, Jiang W, Kuang S, Tang L, et al. Effect of dietary arginine on the immune response and gene expression in head kidney and spleen following infection of Jian carp with Aeromonas hydrophila. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2015;44:195-202 pubmed publisher
    ..was conducted to test the hypothesis that elevated dietary arginine enhances immunity of juvenile Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian). Fish were fed graded levels of dietary arginine for 9 weeks...
  82. Widelka M, Lydy M, Wu Y, Chen D. Statewide surveillance of halogenated flame retardants in fish in Illinois, USA. Environ Pollut. 2016;214:627-634 pubmed publisher
    ..retardant contaminants, the present study investigated a variety of legacy and emerging flame retardants in common carp and largemouth bass collected from 58 stations across Illinois (United States)...
  83. Pietsch C, Junge R. Physiological responses of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) to dietary exposure to zearalenone (ZEN). Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2016;188:52-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In order to fill this gap a feeding trial with juvenile carp was conducted...
  84. Gandhi N, Gewurtz S, Drouillard K, Kolic T, MacPherson K, Reiner E, et al. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in Great Lakes fish: Levels, patterns, trends and implications for human exposure. Sci Total Environ. 2017;576:907-916 pubmed publisher
    ..Levels and patterns of PBDEs varied dramatically within and among the 18 fish species. Bottom dwelling Common Carp (and White Sucker) exhibited the highest ?PBDE levels (27-71ng/g)...
  85. Dai Z, Li J, Hu C, Wang F, Wang B, Shi X, et al. Transcriptome data analysis of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) infected by reovirus provides insights into two immune-related genes. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2017;64:68-77 pubmed publisher
    Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) was one of the economically important freshwater fish in China. However, hemorrhagic disease caused by grass carp reovirus (GCRV) results in a tremendous loss in the process of grass carp cultivation...
  86. Safari R, Hoseinifar S, Nejadmoghadam S, Khalili M. Apple cider vinegar boosted immunomodulatory and health promoting effects of Lactobacillus casei in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2017;67:441-448 pubmed publisher
    ..of combined or singular administration of apple cider vinegar (ACV) and Lactobacillus casei in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) diet...
  87. Ghazanfar M, Shahid S, Qureshi I. Vitamin C attenuates biochemical and genotoxic damage in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) upon joint exposure to combined toxic doses of fipronil and buprofezin insecticides. Aquat Toxicol. 2018;196:43-52 pubmed publisher
    ..potential protective role of Vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid) was investigated in aquaria acclimated common carp (Cyprinus carpio) following exposure for 96 h to combined toxic doses of fipronil (FP) and buprofezin (BPFN) ..
  88. Wei X, Sarath Babu V, Lin L, Hu Y, Zhang Y, Liu X, et al. Hepcidin protects grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) against Flavobacterium columnare infection via regulating iron distribution and immune gene expression. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2018;75:274-283 pubmed publisher
    ..We speculate that hepcidin protects C. idellus against F. columnare infection via regulating the iron distribution and immune gene expression. ..
  89. Gao Y, Suárez N, Wilkie G, Dong C, Bergmann S, Lee P, et al. Genomic and biologic comparisons of cyprinid herpesvirus 3 strains. Vet Res. 2018;49:40 pubmed publisher
    ..3 (CyHV-3) is the archetypal fish alloherpesvirus and the etiologic agent of a lethal disease in common and koi carp. To date, the genome sequences of only four CyHV-3 isolates have been published, but no comparisons of the biologic ..
  90. Li X, Ma C, Qin Y, Li Y, Wu D, Bai L, et al. Establishment and characterization of fin cell lines from diploid, triploid, and tetraploid oriental weatherfish (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus). Fish Physiol Biochem. 2015;41:661-72 pubmed publisher
    ..to two fish viruses to determine their susceptibility to infection; they were susceptible to spring viremia of carp virus but not to piscine nodavirus...
  91. Murussi C, Menezes C, Nunes M, Araújo M, Quadros V, Rosemberg D, et al. Azadirachtin, a neem-derived biopesticide, impairs behavioral and hematological parameters in carp (Cyprinus carpio). Environ Toxicol. 2016;31:1381-1388 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we investigate the effects of Aza, in the commercial formulation Neenmaxâ„¢ , on carp (Cyprinus carpio) by defining LC50 (96 h), and testing behavioral and hematological parameters...
  92. Cheng J, Sun D, Pu H, Zhu Z. Development of hyperspectral imaging coupled with chemometric analysis to monitor K value for evaluation of chemical spoilage in fish fillets. Food Chem. 2015;185:245-53 pubmed publisher
    ..The feasibility of hyperspectral imaging (400-1000 nm) for determination of K value in grass carp and silver carp fillets was investigated...