stingless bees

Summary

Alias: meliponinae, meliponini, trigonini

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Cerumen of Australian stingless bees (Tetragonula carbonaria): gas chromatography-mass spectrometry fingerprints and potential anti-inflammatory properties
    Flavia Carmelina Massaro
    Faculty of Science, Health and Education, University of the Sunshine Coast, Locked Bag 4, Maroochydore DC, Queensland, 4558, Australia
    Naturwissenschaften 98:329-37. 2011
  2. ncbi Chemical profiles of body surfaces and nests from six Bornean stingless bee species
    Sara Diana Leonhardt
    Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology, University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
    J Chem Ecol 37:98-104. 2011
  3. ncbi Analytical methods applied to diverse types of Brazilian propolis
    Alexandra Christine Helena Frankland Sawaya
    Plant Biology Department, Institute of Biology, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brazil
    Chem Cent J 5:27. 2011
  4. ncbi Comparative efficiency of Nannotrigona perilampoides, Bombus impatiens (Hymenoptera: Apoidea), and mechanical vibration on fruit production of enclosed habanero pepper
    Gerardo Palma
    Departamento de Apicultura, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad
    J Econ Entomol 101:132-8. 2008
  5. ncbi Age polyethism in Plebeia emerina (Friese) (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies related to propolis handling
    Camila G dos Santos
    Depto de Biodiversidade e Ecologia, Fac de Biociências, Pontifícia Univ Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, 90619 900
    Neotrop Entomol 39:691-6. 2010
  6. ncbi Effect of food quality, distance and height on thoracic temperature in the stingless bee Melipona panamica
    James C Nieh
    Division of Biological Sciences, Section of Ecology, Behavior, and Evolution, University of California San Diego, MC 0116, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0116, USA
    J Exp Biol 208:3933-43. 2005
  7. ncbi Spatial patterns in the brood combs of Nannotrigona testaceicornis (Hymenoptera: Meliponinae): male clusters
    A Eterovic
    Centro de Ciencias Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, Santo Andre, SP, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:577-88. 2009
  8. ncbi Comparative toxicity of pesticides to stingless bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini)
    Gustavo Rafael Valdovinos-Núñez
    Centro de Investigación Científicas y Aplicada y Tecnología Avanzada Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Ave Legaria 694 Col Irrigación, CP 11500, DF Mexico
    J Econ Entomol 102:1737-42. 2009
  9. ncbi Mandibular gland secretions of meliponine worker bees: further evidence for their role in interspecific and intraspecific defence and aggression and against their role in food source signalling
    Dirk Louis P Schorkopf
    Department of Neurobiology and Cognition Research, Center for Organismal Systems Biology, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    J Exp Biol 212:1153-62. 2009
  10. ncbi The traditional knowledge on stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponina) used by the Enawene-Nawe tribe in western Brazil
    Gilton Mendes dos Santos
    Departamento de Antropologia, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, UFAM Av Gen Rodrigo Octávio Jordão Ramos, 3000 CampusUniversitário CEP 69077 000, Manaus, AM, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 4:19. 2008

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications108 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Cerumen of Australian stingless bees (Tetragonula carbonaria): gas chromatography-mass spectrometry fingerprints and potential anti-inflammatory properties
    Flavia Carmelina Massaro
    Faculty of Science, Health and Education, University of the Sunshine Coast, Locked Bag 4, Maroochydore DC, Queensland, 4558, Australia
    Naturwissenschaften 98:329-37. 2011
    Cerumen, or propolis, is a mixture of plant resins enriched with bee secretions. In Australia, stingless bees are important pollinators that use cerumen for nest construction and possibly for colony's health...
  2. ncbi Chemical profiles of body surfaces and nests from six Bornean stingless bee species
    Sara Diana Leonhardt
    Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology, University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
    J Chem Ecol 37:98-104. 2011
    b>Stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponini) are the most diverse group of Apid bees and represent common pollinators in tropical ecosystems...
  3. ncbi Analytical methods applied to diverse types of Brazilian propolis
    Alexandra Christine Helena Frankland Sawaya
    Plant Biology Department, Institute of Biology, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brazil
    Chem Cent J 5:27. 2011
    ..the southeast is the most known and studied, several other types of propolis from Apis mellifera and native stingless bees (also called cerumen) can be found...
  4. ncbi Comparative efficiency of Nannotrigona perilampoides, Bombus impatiens (Hymenoptera: Apoidea), and mechanical vibration on fruit production of enclosed habanero pepper
    Gerardo Palma
    Departamento de Apicultura, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad
    J Econ Entomol 101:132-8. 2008
    The native bee Nannotrigona perilampoides Cresson (Apidae: Meliponini) has been evaluated with promising results in greenhouse pollination of Solanaceae in Mexico...
  5. ncbi Age polyethism in Plebeia emerina (Friese) (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies related to propolis handling
    Camila G dos Santos
    Depto de Biodiversidade e Ecologia, Fac de Biociências, Pontifícia Univ Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, 90619 900
    Neotrop Entomol 39:691-6. 2010
    b>Stingless bees collect plant resins and make it into propolis, although they have a wider range of use for this material than do honey bees (Apis spp.). Plebeia spp...
  6. ncbi Effect of food quality, distance and height on thoracic temperature in the stingless bee Melipona panamica
    James C Nieh
    Division of Biological Sciences, Section of Ecology, Behavior, and Evolution, University of California San Diego, MC 0116, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0116, USA
    J Exp Biol 208:3933-43. 2005
    b>Stingless bees (Apidae, Meliponini) can recruit nestmates to good food sources...
  7. ncbi Spatial patterns in the brood combs of Nannotrigona testaceicornis (Hymenoptera: Meliponinae): male clusters
    A Eterovic
    Centro de Ciencias Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, Santo Andre, SP, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:577-88. 2009
    Genetic models of sex and caste determination in eusocial stingless bees suggest specific patterns of male, worker and gyne cell distribution in the brood comb...
  8. ncbi Comparative toxicity of pesticides to stingless bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini)
    Gustavo Rafael Valdovinos-Núñez
    Centro de Investigación Científicas y Aplicada y Tecnología Avanzada Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Ave Legaria 694 Col Irrigación, CP 11500, DF Mexico
    J Econ Entomol 102:1737-42. 2009
    b>Stingless bees are potential pollinators of commercial tropical crops and their use may increase in the short term...
  9. ncbi Mandibular gland secretions of meliponine worker bees: further evidence for their role in interspecific and intraspecific defence and aggression and against their role in food source signalling
    Dirk Louis P Schorkopf
    Department of Neurobiology and Cognition Research, Center for Organismal Systems Biology, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    J Exp Biol 212:1153-62. 2009
    Like ants and termites some species of stingless bees (Meliponini), which are very important pollinators in the tropics, use pheromone trails to communicate the location of a food source...
  10. ncbi The traditional knowledge on stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponina) used by the Enawene-Nawe tribe in western Brazil
    Gilton Mendes dos Santos
    Departamento de Antropologia, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, UFAM Av Gen Rodrigo Octávio Jordão Ramos, 3000 CampusUniversitário CEP 69077 000, Manaus, AM, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 4:19. 2008
    This paper presents the Enawene-Nawe Society's traditional knowledge about stingless bees. The Enawene-Nawe are an Aruak speaking people, indigenous to the Meridian Amazon...
  11. ncbi Macromolecular array patterns of silk gland secretion in social Hymenoptera larvae
    Guilherme Gomes
    Departamento de Biologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro, SP, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 3:309-22. 2004
    ..We found a different pattern in the middle secretory portion of the Meliponini, with a zigzag rather than a lattice pattern...
  12. ncbi The major opsin in bees (Insecta: Hymenoptera): A promising nuclear gene for higher level phylogenetics
    P Mardulyn
    Department of Entomology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 12:168-76. 1999
    ..and maximum likelihood analyses of LW Rh sequences show a strongly supported relationship between the tribes Meliponini and Bombini, a relationship that has been found uniformly in studies of other genes (28S, 16S, and cytochrome b)...
  13. ncbi Comparative labellar micromorphology of Zygopetalinae (Orchidaceae)
    Kevin L Davies
    School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff, UK
    Ann Bot 108:945-64. 2011
    ..rewards such as nectar, pseudopollen, resin and wax, and are pollinated by a range of pollinators that include stingless bees (Meliponini), wasps and hummingbirds...
  14. ncbi The pollination mechanism in Trigonidium obtusum Lindl (Orchidaceae: Maxillariinae): sexual mimicry and trap-flowers
    Rodrigo B Singer
    Depto Botânica, Campinas, SP, Brazil
    Ann Bot 89:157-63. 2002
    ..The flowers are pollinated by sexually excited drones of Plebeia droryana (Meliponinae)...
  15. ncbi Properties of honey from ten species of Peruvian stingless bees
    Antonio J Rodriguez-Malaver
    Bioquímica Adaptativa, Departamento de Bioquimica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Los Andes, Merida 5101, Venezuela
    Nat Prod Commun 4:1221-6. 2009
    ..Analytical data are also provided for a sample of Apis mellifera and an artificial honey control. For stingless bees, honey color varied between 26 and 150 mm Pfund. M. illota produced the lightest honey, while N...
  16. ncbi Sexual mimicry in Mormolyca ringens (Lindl.) Schltr. (Orchidaceae: Maxillariinae)
    Rodrigo B Singer
    Departamento de Botanica, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Caixa Postal 6109, 13083 970, Campinas, SP, 13083 970, Brazil
    Ann Bot 93:755-62. 2004
    ..However, it has been demonstrated so far only for Trigonidium obtusum. This study reports and illustrates pollination through sexual mimicry in Mormolyca ringens...
  17. ncbi Stingless bees: chemical differences and potential functions in Nannotrigona testaceicornis and Plebeia droryana males and workers
    Adriana Pianaro
    Chemistry Institute, University of Campina UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brazil
    J Chem Ecol 35:1117-28. 2009
    ..droryana, N. testaceicornis,and Frieseomelitta silvestrii. However, males did not respond suggesting that these compounds do not function as alarm or recruitment pheromones. In addition, racemic mixtures were inactive...
  18. ncbi Stingless bees use terpenes as olfactory cues to find resin sources
    S D Leonhardt
    Department of Evolutionary Biology and Animal Ecology, University of Wurzburg, Germany
    Chem Senses 35:603-11. 2010
    ..Tropical stingless bees additionally collect large amounts of plant resins for nest construction, nest maintenance, nest defense, and ..
  19. ncbi Spermiophagy in the spermatheca of Melipona bicolor Lepeletier, 1836 (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini)
    C da Cruz-Landim
    Departamento de Biologia, Instituto de Biociênciasde Rio Claro UNESP, Rio Claro, SP, Brasil
    Anat Histol Embryol 31:339-43. 2002
    ..in the cytoplasm of the epithelial cells that constitute the spermathecal wall of Melipona bicolor queen (Meliponini) is discussed in relation to the organ structure...
  20. ncbi Foraging on some nonfloral resources by stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Meliponini) in a Caatinga region
    M C A Lorenzon
    Instituto de Zootecnia DRAA, UFRRJ, BR 465, Km 7, CEP 23890 000, Seropedica, RJ, Brazil
    Braz J Biol 65:291-8. 2005
    ..At the study sites we observed more stingless bees in nonfloral resources, made possible by human presence...
  21. ncbi Stingless bees (Scaptotrigona pectoralis) learn foreign trail pheromones and use them to find food
    Christian Reichle
    Institute for Experimental Ecology, University of Ulm, 89069, Ulm, Germany
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 197:243-9. 2011
    Foragers of several species of stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae and Meliponini) deposit pheromone marks in the vegetation to guide nestmates to new food sources...
  22. ncbi Male production in stingless bees: variable outcomes of queen-worker conflict
    Eva Toth
    Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Rice University, PO Box 1892, Houston, Texas 77251, USA
    Mol Ecol 11:2661-7. 2002
    ..b>Stingless bees are of special interest in this respect because they are singly mated relatives of the multiply mated ..
  23. ncbi Chemical composition and biological activity of propolis from Brazilian meliponinae
    M Velikova
    Institute of Organic Chemistry with Centre of Phytochemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia
    Z Naturforsch C 55:785-9. 2000
    ..Several chemical types of stingless bees' propolis could be grouped, according to the prevailing type of compounds like: 'gallic acid", "diterpenic" ..
  24. ncbi Signals and cues in the recruitment behavior of stingless bees (Meliponini)
    Friedrich G Barth
    Department of Neurobiology and Cognition Research, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstr 14, 1090, Vienna, Austria
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 194:313-27. 2008
    Since the seminal work of Lindauer and Kerr (1958), many stingless bees have been known to effectively recruit nestmates to food sources...
  25. ncbi Workers make the queens in melipona bees: identification of geraniol as a caste determining compound from labial glands of nurse bees
    Stefan Jarau
    Institute for Experimental Ecology, Ulm University, Albert Einstein Allee 11, 89069 Ulm, Germany
    J Chem Ecol 36:565-9. 2010
    Reproductive division of labor in advanced eusocial honey bees and stingless bees is based on the ability of totipotent female larvae to develop into either workers or queens. In nearly all species, caste is determined by larval nutrition...
  26. ncbi Experience, but not distance, influences the recruitment precision in the stingless bee Scaptotrigona mexicana
    Daniel Sanchez
    El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Carretera Antiguo Aeropuerto Km 2 5, 30700, Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico
    Naturwissenschaften 94:567-73. 2007
    ..However, little is known regarding the recruitment precision of stingless bees. Hence, in this study, we examined the effects of experience and spatial distance on the precision of the food ..
  27. ncbi Pheromone paths attached to the substrate in meliponine bees: helpful but not obligatory for recruitment success
    Dirk Louis P Schorkopf
    Department of Neurobiology, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse, Austria
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 197:755-64. 2011
    ..However, they do exist in meliponine bees (Apidae, Apinae, Meliponini), commonly known as stingless bees, which represent a group of important pollinators in tropical forests...
  28. ncbi The natural history of nest defence in a stingless bee, Tetragonisca angustula (Latreille) (Hymenoptera: Apidae), with two distinct types of entrance guards
    C Gruter
    Lab of Apiculture and Social Insects, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, UK
    Neotrop Entomol 40:55-61. 2011
    ..As in other stingless bees and the honey bee one type stands on, in or near the nest entrance. The second type, so far only known in T...
  29. ncbi Nest architecture and genetic differentiation in a species complex of Australian stingless bees
    P Franck
    Centre de Biologie et de Gestion des Populations, CS30016, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34988 Montferrier Cedex, France
    Mol Ecol 13:2317-31. 2004
    ..of nest architecture are probably not of prime importance in the speciation process of Australian stingless bees, although nest architecture differences probably result from relatively simple mechanisms...
  30. ncbi Honey in the management of infections
    Nicholas Namias
    De Witt Daughtry Family Department of Surgery, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 4:219-26. 2003
    Honey, a natural product of bees of the genera Apis and Meliponinae, has been recognized for medicinal properties since antiquity. Honey has demonstrated antimicrobial properties...
  31. ncbi The trail pheromone of a stingless bee, Trigona corvina (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini), varies between populations
    Stefan Jarau
    Institute for Experimental Ecology, University of Ulm, Germany
    Chem Senses 35:593-601. 2010
    b>Stingless bees, like honeybees, live in highly organized, perennial colonies. Their eusocial way of life, which includes division of labor, implies that only a fraction of the workers leave the nest to forage for food...
  32. ncbi Analysis of the intercaste transcriptional profile of Melipona scutellaris Latreille, 1811 (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini) by mRNA differential display
    Ana Carolina S Siquieroli
    Institute of Genetics and Biochemistry, Federal University of Uberlandia, Brazil
    Biol Res 42:107-10. 2009
    ....
  33. ncbi Morphology and structure of the tarsal glands of the stingless bee Melipona seminigra
    Stefan Jarau
    Department of Experimental Ecology, University of Ulm, Albert Einstein Allee 11, 89069 Ulm, Germany
    Naturwissenschaften 92:147-50. 2005
    ..at the nest entrance or on food sources are used for chemical communication by honey bees, bumble bees, and stingless bees. The question of the glandular origin of the substances involved, however, has not been unequivocally answered ..
  34. ncbi Effects of stingless bee and honey bee propolis on four species of bacteria
    A P Farnesi
    Departamento de Genetica, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:635-40. 2009
    ..activities of several types of propolis, including Africanized honey bee green propolis and propolis produced by meliponini bees...
  35. ncbi A stingless bee uses labial gland secretions for scent trail communication ( Trigona recursa Smith 1863)
    S Jarau
    Biocenter, Institute of Zoology, University of Vienna, Althanstr 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 190:233-9. 2004
    The pheromones used by several species of stingless bees for scent trail communication are generally assumed to be produced by the mandibular glands...
  36. ncbi Colony strength and queen replacement in Melipona marginata (Apidae: Meliponini)
    A de M P Kleinert
    Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, 05508 900, Brazil
    Braz J Biol 65:469-76. 2005
    ..After this period, worker oviposition decreased until it reached around 25% of the POPs. Daily oviposition rate of young queens decreased or was even interrupted by hatching of their first brood...
  37. ncbi The thermal properties of beeswaxes: unexpected findings
    Robert Buchwald
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0334, USA
    J Exp Biol 211:121-7. 2008
    ..melting range and heat of fusion of beeswaxes varied significantly among tribes of social bees (Bombini, Meliponini, Apini)...
  38. ncbi Chemical composition, botanical evaluation and screening of radical scavenging activity of collected pollen by the stingless bees Melipona rufiventris (Uruçu-amarela)
    Tania M S Silva
    Departamento de Quimica, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brasil, 52171 900
    An Acad Bras Cienc 81:173-8. 2009
    b>Stingless bees in Brazil are indigenous and found all over the country. Bee pollen is used for its nutritional value in the human diet. It is made up of natural flower pollen mixed with nectar and bee secretions...
  39. ncbi Origins of brain asymmetry: lateralization of odour memory recall in primitive Australian stingless bees
    Elisa Frasnelli
    Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research, Adolf Lorenz Gasse 2, A 3422 Altenberg, Austria
    Behav Brain Res 224:121-7. 2011
    ..Three species of Australian native, stingless bees (Trigona carbonaria, Trigona hockingsi and Austroplebeia australis) were trained to discriminate two odours, ..
  40. ncbi Odor discrimination in classical conditioning of proboscis extension in two stingless bee species in comparison to Africanized honeybees
    S I Mc Cabe
    Grupo de Estudio de Insectos Sociales, Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biologia Experimental, IFIBYNE CONICET Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellon II, Ciudad Universitaria, C1428EHA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 193:1089-99. 2007
    ..We worked with two Brazilian stingless bees species, Melipona quadrifasciata and Scaptotrigona aff...
  41. ncbi Interaction and behavior of virgin and physogastric queens in three Meliponini species (Hymenoptera, Apidae)
    F H Nogueira-Ferreira
    Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Uberlandia, Uberlandia, MG, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:703-8. 2009
    ..In all three species, the presence of one or more virgin queens appeared to make the colonies nervous, even though constant production of virgin queens is vital to the survival of the colony and is part of the colony cycle in these bees...
  42. ncbi Chemical changes associated with the invasion of a Melipona scutellaris colony by Melipona rufiventris workers
    Adriana Pianaro
    Instituto de Quimica, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Sao Paulo, 13084 971, Brazil
    J Chem Ecol 33:971-84. 2007
    ..This is the first report on the chemical characterization of batumens from stingless bees.
  43. ncbi Comparative study in stingless bees (Meliponini) demonstrates that nest entrance size predicts traffic and defensivity
    M J Couvillon
    Laboratory of Apiculture and Social Insects, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield, UK
    J Evol Biol 21:194-201. 2008
    b>Stingless bees (Meliponini) construct their own species-specific nest entrance. The size of this entrance is under conflicting selective pressures...
  44. ncbi Mitochondrial genome differences between the stingless bees Melipona rufiventris and Melipona mondury (Apidae: Meliponini)
    G S Barni
    Departamento de Ciencias Naturais, Universidade Regional de Blumenau, Blumenau, SC, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 6:8-14. 2007
    Within the Meliponini, a widely distributed group of stingless bees, Melipona rufiventris has been considered as a single, cohesive species...
  45. ncbi Body size and flight distance in stingless bees (Hymenoptera: Meliponini): inference of flight range and possible ecological implications
    E D Araújo
    Grupo de Pesquisa em Comportamento Animal, ITP, Unit, CEP 49032 490, Aracaju, SE, Brazil
    Braz J Biol 64:563-8. 2004
    We examined the spatial implications of maximum flight distance for several species of stingless bees. Data suggested that maximum flight distance in Meliponini is a function of body size, especially generalized wing size, which can be ..
  46. ncbi A molecular phylogeny of the stingless bee genus Melipona (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
    Santiago R Ramírez
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 56:519-25. 2010
    b>Stingless bees (Meliponini) constitute a diverse group of highly eusocial insects that occur throughout tropical regions around the world...
  47. ncbi [Pollinators of Bertholletia excelsa (Lecythidales: Lecythidaceae): interactions with stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponini) and trophic niche]
    Charles F Santos
    Curso de Pós Graduação em Entomologia, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia, CP 478, Av André Araújo 2936, Bairro Petrópolis, 69011 970 Manaus, AM, Brasil
    Neotrop Entomol 39:854-61. 2010
    ..frontalis Olivier (Apidae: Xylocopini) and Eulaema mocsaryi (Friese) (Apidae: Euglossini) in the presence of stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponini) in flowers of Bertholletia excelsa, the Brazilian nut...
  48. ncbi Genetic differentiation of the stingless bee Tetragonula pagdeni in Thailand using SSCP analysis of a large subunit of mitochondrial ribosomal DNA
    Sirikul Thummajitsakul
    Department of Biochemistry, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Biochem Genet 49:499-510. 2011
    ..pagdeni and other stingless bees. The results also provide an important baseline for the conservation and management of this ecologically ..
  49. ncbi Floral preferences and climate influence in nectar and pollen foraging by Melipona rufiventris Lepeletier (Hymenoptera: Meliponini) in Ubatuba, São Paulo state, Brazil
    Adriana de O Fidalgo
    Seção de Sementes e Melhoramento Vegetal, Instituto de Botânica, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil
    Neotrop Entomol 39:879-84. 2010
    ..7%. The volume measures did not show any pattern. Important pollen sources were Sapindaceae, Anacardiaceae, Rubiaceae, Arecaceae, Solanaceae and Myrtaceae; nectar sources were Sapindaceae, Fabaceae, Rubiaceae, Arecaceae and Solanaceae...
  50. ncbi The first record on Brazilian stingless bees published 450 years ago by Hans Staden
    W Engels
    Departamento de Genetica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:738-43. 2009
    ..and Pedro Alvares Cabral claimed Brazil for Portugal in 1500, a German mercenary gave the first description of stingless bees in 1557...
  51. ncbi Pollination of tomatoes by the stingless bee Melipona quadrifasciata and the honey bee Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera, Apidae)
    S A Bispo dos Santos
    Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:751-7. 2009
    ..the heaviest and largest tomatoes, and the ones with the most seed were collected from the greenhouse with stingless bees. Fruits cultivated in the greenhouse with honey bees had the same weight and size as those produced in one of ..
  52. ncbi Unsuccessful attacks dominate a drone-preying wasp's hunting performance near stingless bee nests
    D Koedam
    Departamento de Botanica, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:690-702. 2009
    Bee males (drones) of stingless bees tend to congregate near entrances of conspecific nests, where they wait for virgin queens that initiate their nuptial flight...
  53. ncbi Tree resin composition, collection behavior and selective filters shape chemical profiles of tropical bees (Apidae: Meliponini)
    Sara D Leonhardt
    Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology, University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e23445. 2011
    ..Chemical diversity was explored for interactions between tropical stingless bees and plant resins, which bees collect for nest construction and to deter predators and microbes...
  54. ncbi The impact of forest exploitation on Amazonian stingless bees (Apidae, Meliponini)
    G C Venturieri
    Laboratório de Botânica, Embrapa Amazônia Oriental, Belem, PA, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:684-9. 2009
    ..b>Stingless bees, which include many species that play an important role as pollinators and are quite diverse in the Amazon, ..
  55. ncbi Hygienic behavior of the stingless bee Plebeia remota (Holmberg, 1903) (Apidae, Meliponini)
    P Nunes-Silva
    Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:649-54. 2009
    ..Plebeia remota has an efficiency of hygienic behavior superior to that of three of the other four stingless bee species studied until now...
  56. ncbi Does beekeeping reduce genetic variability in Melipona scutellaris (Apidae, Meliponini)?
    G A Carvalho-Zilse
    Grupo de Pesquisas em Abelhas GPA CPCA, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Manaus, AM, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:758-65. 2009
    Many factors have contributed to reductions in wild populations of stingless bees, such as: deforestation, displacement and destruction of nests by honey gatherers, as well as use of insecticides and other agrochemicals...
  57. ncbi Frugivory by a stingless bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
    Rui C Peruquetti
    Centro de Pesquisa Agroflorestal do Acre, Embrapa Acre, Rio Branco, AC, Brasil
    Neotrop Entomol 39:1051-2. 2010
    Frugivory is not frequent among bees. Although stingless bees visit aged fruits for pulp, the use of fresh fruits is recorded only for Trigona hypogea Silvestri, a species that does not visit flowers...
  58. ncbi Sequence and expression pattern of the germ line marker vasa in honey bees and stingless bees
    Erica Donato Tanaka
    Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP Brazil
    Genet Mol Biol 32:582-93. 2009
    ..sequence of vasa, a highly conserved gene specific to the germ line of metazoans, for the honey bee and four stingless bees. The vasa sequence of social bees differed from that of other insects in two motifs...
  59. ncbi Olfactory learning in the stingless bee Tetragonisca angustula (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini)
    S I Mc Cabe
    Grupo de Estudio de Insectos Sociales, Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biologia Experimental, IFIBYNE CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellon II, Ciudad Universitaria, C1428EHA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 196:481-90. 2010
    Tetragonisca angustula stingless bees are considered as solitary foragers that lack specific communication strategies...
  60. ncbi Development of a species-diagnostic marker for identification of the stingless bee Trigona pagdeni in Thailand
    Sirikul Thummajitsakul
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
    Biochem Genet 48:181-92. 2010
    ..A primer pair (CUTP1-F/R) was designed and tested for species-specificity in 15 stingless bees. The expected 163 bp fragment was successfully amplified in all examined individuals of T. pagdeni (129/129)...
  61. ncbi Circulating hemocytes from larvae of Melipona scutellaris (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini): cell types and their role in phagocytosis
    Isabel Marques Rodrigues Amaral
    Laboratorio de Genetica, Instituto de Genética e Bioquímica, Universidade Federal de Uberlandia, Campus Umuarama, Sala 2E33, Uberlandia MG, CEP 3840 902, Brazil
    Micron 41:123-9. 2010
    ..The results presented plasmatocytes and granulocytes involved in phagocytic response of foreign particles in 3rd instar larvae of M. scutellaris...
  62. ncbi Genetic variability in five populations of Partamona helleri (Hymenoptera, Apidae) from Minas Gerais State, Brazil
    Andreia Arantes Borges
    Departamento de Biologia Geral, Universidade Federal de Vicosa, Vicosa, MG Brazil
    Genet Mol Biol 33:781-4. 2010
    Partamona is a Neotropical genus of stingless bees that comprises 33 species distributed from Mexico to southern Brazil. These bees are well-adapted to anthropic environments and build their nests in several substrates...
  63. ncbi Development of a species-diagnostic marker and its application for population genetics studies of the stingless bee Trigona collina in Thailand
    M Theeraapisakkun
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Genet Mol Res 9:919-30. 2010
    ..CUTc1 generated three genotypes in Thai T. collina (134 nests). An AA (259/259 bp) genotype was found in all stingless bees from the north (21 nests) and northeast (32 nests), and 23/28 nests from the Central region, whereas a BB (253/..
  64. ncbi The antiquity and evolutionary history of social behavior in bees
    Sophie Cardinal
    Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e21086. 2011
    ..Corbiculate bees include the highly eusocial honey bees and stingless bees, the primitively eusocial bumble bees, and the predominantly solitary or communal orchid bees...
  65. ncbi Tool-use to obtain honey by chimpanzees at Bulindi: new record from Uganda
    Matthew R McLennan
    Anthropology Centre for Conservation, Environment and Development, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK
    Primates 52:315-22. 2011
    ..44 stick tools were found in association with 16 holes dug in the ground, corresponding to the period when stingless bees (Meliponula sp.) appeared in chimpanzee dung. In 11 cases the confirmed target was a Meliponula ground nest...
  66. ncbi Chemical signals in the stingless bee, Frieseomelitta varia, indicate caste, gender, age, and reproductive status
    Túlio M Nunes
    Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Chem Ecol 35:1172-80. 2009
    ..on these substances and their function in ants, wasps, and honeybees, little is known about this subject in stingless bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Meliponini)...
  67. ncbi Occurrence of multiple nucleolus organizer regions and intraspecific karyotype variation in Scaptotrigona xanthotricha Moure (Hymenoptera, Meliponini)
    O M P Duarte
    Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilheus, BA, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:831-9. 2009
    ..This differentiation process might have been enhanced by restricted nesting preferences, combined with recent extensive fragmentation of the Atlantic rainforest, which limits gene flow between populations...
  68. ncbi Genetic variability in Melipona quinquefasciata (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini) from northeastern Brazil determined using the first internal transcribed spacer (ITS1)
    J O P Pereira
    Departamento de Zootecnia, Centro de Ciencias Agrarias, Grupo de Pesquisa com Abelhas, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:641-8. 2009
    ..The ITS1 sequencing data thus support the occurrence of M. quinquefasciata in northeast Brazil...
  69. ncbi Bee community shifts with landscape context in a tropical countryside
    Berry J Brosi
    Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, California 94305, USA
    Ecol Appl 17:418-30. 2007
    ..At forest edges, native social stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponini) comprised approximately 50% of the individuals sampled, while the alien honeybee Apis ..
  70. ncbi Genetic structure of nest aggregations and drone congregations of the southeast Asian stingless bee Trigona collina
    E C Cameron
    School of Biological Sciences A12, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Mol Ecol 13:2357-64. 2004
    In stingless bees, sex is determined by a single complementary sex-determining locus...
  71. ncbi Olfactory eavesdropping by a competitively foraging stingless bee, Trigona spinipes
    James C Nieh
    University of California San Diego, Division of Biological Sciences, Section of Ecology, Behavior and Evolution, Mail Code 0116, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1633-40. 2004
    ..Early work suggested that some species of stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini) may use interceptive olfactory eavesdropping to discover food sources being ..
  72. ncbi Electroantennography in the study of two stingless bee species (Hymenoptera: Meliponini)
    E F L R A Patricio
    Laboratório de Abelhas, Departamento de Ecologia Geral, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, CEP 05508 900, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Braz J Biol 64:827-31. 2004
    The first recorded electroantennographic preliminary studies on stingless bees have been performed using two species of Frieseomelitta from Brazil. Experiments with F. silvestrii and F...
  73. ncbi Vibrating the food receivers: a direct way of signal transmission in stingless bees (Melipona seminigra)
    Michael Hrncir
    Department of Neurobiology and Behavioral Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 192:879-87. 2006
    An element common to the recruitment communication of eusocial bees (honey bees, stingless bees and bumble bees) are pulsed thorax vibrations generated by successful foragers within the nest...
  74. ncbi Sperm morphology of mud dauber Sceliphron fistularium dahlbom (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Sphecidae), as an indication of bees relation
    U Zama
    Department of Cellular Biology, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Brasilia, DF, Brazil
    J Submicrosc Cytol Pathol 37:313-21. 2005
    ..In particular, the response to E-PTA stains is similar to that observed in corbiculated Apidae, especially Meliponini bees...
  75. ncbi Hexyl decanoate, the first trail pheromone compound identified in a stingless bee, Trigona recursa
    Stefan Jarau
    Department of Experimental Ecology, University of Ulm, Germany
    J Chem Ecol 32:1555-64. 2006
    Foragers of many species of stingless bees guide their nestmates to food sources by means of scent trails deposited on solid substrates between the food and the nest...
  76. ncbi Labellar micromorphology of Bifrenariinae Dressler (Orchidaceae)
    K L Davies
    School of Earth, Ocean and Planetary Sciences, Cardiff University Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3YE, UK
    Ann Bot 98:1215-31. 2006
    ..Rudolfiella Hoehne, Teuscheria Garay and Xylobium Lindl.) and compares it with that found in Maxillaria Pabst & Dungs and Mormolyca Fenzl (Maxillariinae)...
  77. ncbi Do geomagnetic storms change the behaviour of the stingless bee guiruçu (Schwarziana quadripunctata)?
    Darci M S Esquivel
    Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, R Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290 180, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Naturwissenschaften 94:139-42. 2007
    ..the magnetic field effects on the nest-exiting flight directions of the honeybee Schwarziana quadripunctata (Meliponini)...
  78. ncbi Structure and ultrastructure of spermatozoa in Meliponini (stingless bees) (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
    Uyrá Zama
    Departamento de Biologia Celular, Instituto de Biologia, CP 6109 UNICAMP, CEP 13084 971, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Tissue Cell 36:29-41. 2004
    ..In this study, we concluded that it was possible to define a characteristic pattern for Meliponini spermatozoa...
  79. ncbi Yeast communities associated with stingless bees
    Carlos A Rosa
    Departamento de Microbiologia, ICB, C P 486, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, MG 31270 901, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
    FEMS Yeast Res 4:271-5. 2003
    The yeast communities associated with the stingless bees Tetragonisca angustula, Melipona quadrifasciata and Frieseomelitta varia were studied. The bees T. angustula and F...
  80. ncbi Phylogenetic utility of the major opsin in bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea): a reassessment
    J S Ascher
    Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 0901, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 19:76-93. 2001
    ..results unambiguously support the traditional phylogeny of the corbiculate bee tribes: (Euglossini + (Bombini + (Meliponini + Apini)))...
  81. ncbi Protein requirements in larvae and adults of Scaptotrigona postica (Hymenoptera: Apidae [correction of Apidia], Meliponinae): midgut proteolytic activity and pollen digestion
    A do Carmo Zerbo
    Departamento de Biologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Avenida 24A, 1515, UNESP, Universidade Estadual Paulista Rio Claro, CEP 13506 900, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 129:139-47. 2001
    ..Pollen grains are irregularly accumulated in the various regions of the midgut, which may reflect functional differentiation throughout the midgut...
  82. ncbi Responses to climatic factors by foragers of Plebeia pugnax Moure (in litt.) (Apidae, Meliponinae)
    S D Hilário
    Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Braz J Biol 61:191-6. 2001
    ..From all known Plebeia species, this one flew on the lowest temperature ever registered for this genus...
  83. ncbi Exocrine Glands of Schwarziana quadripunctata (Hymenoptera, Apinae, Meliponini)
    C Cruz-Landim
    Instituto de Biociências de Rio Claro, Departamento de Biologia, Av 24A, 1515, c p 199, CEP 13506 900, Rio Claro, SP, Brazil
    Braz J Biol 61:497-505. 2001
    ..Variations in the occurrence and degree of development among colony components with regard to their degree of maturity are also described...
  84. ncbi Genetic analysis of Melipona quadrifasciata LEP. (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Meliponinae) with RAPD markers
    A M Waldschmidt
    Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste de Bahia UESB, Campus de Jequié, CEP 45200 000, Jequie, BA, Brazil
    Braz J Biol 62:923-8. 2002
    ..Based on the molecular analysis, bees belonging to the different subspecies M. q. quadrifasciata (from Santa Catarina) and M. q. anthidiodes (from the other regions) were distinguished...
  85. ncbi Thermal constraints for stingless bee foragers: the importance of body size and coloration
    J J M Pereboom
    Zoological Society of London, Institute of Zoology, Regent s Park, London, NW1 4RY, UK
    Oecologia 137:42-50. 2003
    ..This study is the first to indicate that abdominal coloration in stingless bees might be involved in the regulation of body temperature in extreme thermal conditions...
  86. ncbi Pulsed mass recruitment by a stingless bee, Trigona hyalinata
    James C Nieh
    Section of Ecology, Behavior, and Evolution, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California San Diego, MC 0116, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 270:2191-6. 2003
    Research on bee communication has focused on the ability of the highly social bees, stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini) and honeybees (Apidae, Apini), to communicate food location to nest-mates...
  87. ncbi Antimicrobial compounds of fungi vectored by Clusia spp. (Clusiaceae) pollinating bees
    Beatriz Bicalho
    Universidade Estadual de Campinas UNICAMP, Instituto de Quimica, CP 6154, Campinas SP 13083 970, Brazil
    Z Naturforsch C 58:746-51. 2003
    The production of antimicrobial compounds by fungi associated with Clusia spp. pollinating bees (Trigona sp., Trigonini) was investigated in order to approach natural mechanisms of microbial density control within nest environment...
  88. ncbi Hot bumble bees at good food: thoracic temperature of feeding Bombus wilmattae foragers is tuned to sugar concentration
    James C Nieh
    Division of Biological Sciences, Section of Ecology, Behavior and Evolution, University of California San Diego, Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0116, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:4185-92. 2006
    ..In honey bees and stingless bees, the thoracic temperature of feeding foragers is correlated with the caloric value of sucrose solution ..
  89. ncbi The complete nucleotide sequence and gene organization of the mitochondrial genome of the bumblebee, Bombus ignitus (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
    So Young Cha
    Department of Biology, Kyungsung University, Busan 608 736, Republic of Korea
    Gene 392:206-20. 2007
    ..Phylogenetic analysis among three corbiculate tribes, represented by Melipona bicolor (Meliponini), A. mellifera (Apini), and B. ignitus (Bombini), showed the closest relationship between M. bicolor and B...
  90. ncbi Odor information transfer in the stingless bee Melipona quadrifasciata: effect of in-hive experiences on classical conditioning of proboscis extension
    Sofía I Mc Cabe
    Grupo de Estudio de Insectos Sociales, Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biologia Experimental, IFIBYNE CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellon II, Ciudad Universitaria C1428EHA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 195:113-22. 2009
    ..Moreover, the improved performance of recruited bees in the PER paradigm suggests the occurrence of social learning of nectar scents inside the stingless bees' hives.
  91. ncbi Pollination of cucumber, Cucumis sativus L. (Cucurbitales: Cucurbitaceae), by the stingless bees Scaptotrigona aff. depilis moure and Nannotrigona testaceicornis Lepeletier (Hymenoptera: Meliponini) in greenhouses
    Solange A B dos Santos
    Depto Biologia, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, USP, Ribeirao Preto, SP, 14040 901
    Neotrop Entomol 37:506-12. 2008
    ..In the present study, we investigated the effectiveness of the stingless bees Scaptotrigona aff...
  92. ncbi Gender identification of five genera of stingless bees (Apidae, Meliponini) based on wing morphology
    T M Francoy
    Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil
    Genet Mol Res 8:207-14. 2009
    ..Computer-assisted morphometric analysis of bee wing images can be a useful tool for biodiversity studies and conservation programs...
  93. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism among populations of Melipona quadrifasciata quadrifasciata Lepeletier (Apidae: Meliponini) from southern Brazil
    Rogelio R Torres
    Depto de Producion Animal, Univ Nacional de Colombia, Bogota D C
    Neotrop Entomol 38:208-12. 2009
    ..Five composite haplotypes were identified, with two unique to samples from Prudentópolis and the remaining three to samples from Mafra and/or Blumenau...
  94. ncbi Differences between the quality of strawberries (Fragaria x ananassa) pollinated by the stingless bees Scaptotrigona aff. depilis and Nannotrigona testaceicornis
    A C Roselino
    Departamento de Biologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:539-45. 2009
    ..The strawberries produced in the greenhouses with stingless bees had more quality and greater commercial value than the fruits produced in the open field area and the ..
  95. ncbi Hygienic behavior in the stingless bees Melipona beecheii and Scaptotrigona pectoralis (Hymenoptera: Meliponini)
    L M Medina
    Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Merida, Yucatan, Mexico
    Genet Mol Res 8:571-6. 2009
    ..that may confer resistance to brood diseases in the honey bee Apis mellifera, was studied in two species of stingless bees in Mexico...
  96. ncbi Cuticular hydrocarbons in the stingless bee Schwarziana quadripunctata (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini): differences between colonies, castes and age
    T M Nunes
    Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:589-95. 2009
    ..Little is known, however, about cuticular hydrocarbons in stingless bees. We investigated chemical differences in cuticular hydrocarbons between different colonies, castes and ..
  97. ncbi Comparative analysis of two sampling techniques for pollen gathered by Nannotrigona testaceicornis Lepeletier (Apidae, Meliponini)
    K S Malagodi-Braga
    Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 8:596-606. 2009
    ..The pollen load sample data showed that N. testaceicornis gathered pollen throughout the external activity period...
  98. ncbi Composition and antioxidant activity of Trigona carbonaria honey from Australia
    Livia Persano Oddo
    Istituto Sperimentale per Zoologia Agraria, Sezione di Apicoltura, Rome, Italy
    J Med Food 11:789-94. 2008
    b>Stingless bees (Tribe Meliponini) are a diverse group of highly eusocial bees distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics...
  99. ncbi Longitudinal differentiation in Melipona mandacaia (Hymenoptera, Meliponini) chromosomes
    M P Rocha
    Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Dept Biologia Celular, Campinas SP, Brasil
    Hereditas 138:133-7. 2003
    ..The results highlight the complex nature of heterochromatin...
  100. ncbi [Harvesting dynamics of pollen sources by Melipona scutellaris Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae): a comparative analysis with Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in the Atlantic Forest Domain]
    Mauro Ramalho
    Lab Ecologia da Polinização, ECOPOL Depto Botânica, IBIO UFBA, Salvador, BA
    Neotrop Entomol 36:38-45. 2007
    Generalist foraging behavior among stingless bees is accepted but untested, as well as the subsidiary hypothesis of floral preferences in the genus Melipona...
  101. ncbi Foraging behavior of Melipona rufiventris Lepeletier (Apinae; Meliponini) in Ubatuba, SP, Brazil
    A O Fidalgo
    Seção de Sementes e Melhoramento Vegetal, Instituto de Botânica, CEP 01061 970, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Braz J Biol 67:133-40. 2007
    ..The foraging behavior of M. rufiventris is probably affected by the state of the colony and by environmental conditions, notably temperature, relative humidity, light intensity and length of the day...