Haloarcula marismortui ATCC 43049


Alias: Haloarcula marismortui str. ATCC 43049, Haloarcula marismortui strain ATCC 43049

Top Publications

  1. Sussman J, Zipori P, Harel M, Yonath A, Werber M. Preliminary X-ray diffraction studies on 2 Fe-ferredoxin from Halobacterium of the Dead Sea. J Mol Biol. 1979;134:375-7 pubmed
  2. Bergmann U, Wittmann Liebold B. Localization of proteins HL29 and HL31 from Haloarcula marismortui within the 50 S ribosomal subunit by chemical crosslinking. J Mol Biol. 1993;232:693-700 pubmed
  3. Walsh M, McDougall J, Wittmann Liebold B. Extended N-terminal sequencing of proteins of archaebacterial ribosomes blotted from two-dimensional gels onto glass fiber and poly(vinylidene difluoride) membrane. Biochemistry. 1988;27:6867-76 pubmed
  4. Guinet F, Frank R, Leberman R. Polypeptide elongation factor Tu from Halobacterium marismortui. Eur J Biochem. 1988;172:687-94 pubmed
    ..The protein possesses typical halophilic characteristics, in that it is stable and active in 3 M KCl or 2 M (NH4)2SO4. Some other properties, like autofragmentation under sample treatment before SDS-PAGE, are described. ..
  5. Arndt E, Kimura M. Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence of the gene for the ribosomal protein S11 from the archaebacterium Halobacterium marismortui. J Biol Chem. 1988;263:16063-8 pubmed
    ..Northern blotting analysis using the S11 coding region as probe has shown that the S11 gene is located on a 2.4-kilobase mRNA, suggesting that it is cotranscribed with other downstream gene(s). ..
  6. Yamada Y, Fujiwara T, Sato T, Igarashi N, Tanaka N. The 2.0 A crystal structure of catalase-peroxidase from Haloarcula marismortui. Nat Struct Biol. 2002;9:691-5 pubmed
    ..These features provide an explanation for the dual activities of this enzyme. ..
  7. Arndt E, Weigel C. Nucleotide sequence of the genes encoding the L11, L1, L10 and L12 equivalent ribosomal proteins from the archaebacterium Halobacterium marismortui. Nucleic Acids Res. 1990;18:1285 pubmed
  8. Fu H, Lu Y, Yi H, Yang C. A transducer for microbial sensory rhodopsin that adopts GTG as a start codon is identified in Haloarcula marismortui. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2013;121:15-22 pubmed publisher
    ..HmHtrI therefore is the first transducer for the sensory rhodopsin adopted start codon other than ATG. ..
  9. Arndt E, Scholzen T, Kromer W, Hatakeyama T, Kimura M. Primary structures of ribosomal proteins from the archaebacterium Halobacterium marismortui and the eubacterium Bacillus stearothermophilus. Biochimie. 1991;73:657-68 pubmed
    ..Some proteins are highly conserved with 64-76% identity, others are poorly conserved with only 25-34% identical amino acid residues. ..

More Information


  1. Engemann S, Noelle R, Herfurth E, Briesemeister U, Grelle G, Wittmann Liebold B. Cartography of ribosomal proteins of the 30S subunit from the halophilic Haloarcula marismortui and complete sequence analysis of protein HS26. Eur J Biochem. 1995;234:24-31 pubmed
    ..marismortui. Therefore, it seems to be unlikely that this protein is a real constituent of the H. marismortui ribosome. ..
  2. Cendrin F, Chroboczek J, Zaccai G, Eisenberg H, Mevarech M. Cloning, sequencing, and expression in Escherichia coli of the gene coding for malate dehydrogenase of the extremely halophilic archaebacterium Haloarcula marismortui. Biochemistry. 1993;32:4308-13 pubmed
    ..The greater similarity of the amino acid sequence of the halobacterial MDH to that of L-LDHs than to that of MDHs sheds light on the molecular evolution of these enzymes. ..
  3. McKune K, Woychik N. Halobacterial S9 operon contains two genes encoding proteins homologous to subunits shared by eukaryotic RNA polymerases I, II, and III. J Bacteriol. 1994;176:4754-6 pubmed
    ..We have discovered that two of the subunits shared by the three nuclear RNA polymerases in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, RPB6 and RPB10, have counterparts among the Archaea. ..
  4. Hatakeyama T, Kimura M. The primary structures of ribosomal proteins L16, L23 and L33 from the archaebacterium Halobacterium marismortui. FEBS Lett. 1988;240:21-8 pubmed
    ..These results provide information about the special phylogenetic position of archaebacteria. ..
  5. Shoham M, Dijk J, Reinhardt R, Wittmann Liebold B. Purification and characterization of ribosomal proteins from the 30 S subunit of the extreme halophile Halobacterium marismortui. FEBS Lett. 1986;204:323-30 pubmed
    ..One of these is a complex consisting of L3/L4 and L20, similar to the LI-complex from E. co&.The presence of this 50 S complex in the preparation of the small subunit suggests a location on the interface between the subunits. ..
  6. Gupta R, Singh B. Cloning of the HSP70 gene from Halobacterium marismortui: relatedness of archaebacterial HSP70 to its eubacterial homologs and a model for the evolution of the HSP70 gene. J Bacteriol. 1992;174:4594-605 pubmed
    ..mazei) and the gram-positive group of bacteria constitutes the ancestral form of the protein and that all other HSP70s (viz., other eubacteria as well as eukaryotes) containing the insert have evolved from this ancient protein. ..
  7. Bergmann U, Wittmann Liebold B. HL35e and HLA: primary structure of two very basic and cysteine-rich ribosomal proteins from Haloarcula marismortui. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993;1173:195-200 pubmed
    ..For HLA no homologous ribosomal protein so far known could be found. Obviously, HL35e and HLA have no counterparts in eubacterial ribosomes. ..
  8. Ikeda A, Ichimata T, Sugimori D, Nakamura S. Molecular cloning of the gene encoding a 2Fe-2S ferredoxin from extremely halophilic archaeon Haloarcula japonica strain TR-1. Nucleic Acids Symp Ser. 1997;:109-10 pubmed
    ..The structural gene consisted of an open reading frame of 387 nucleotides. The deduced amino acid sequence showed 89-98% identities with those of the ferredoxins from other extremely halophilic archaea. ..
  9. Kimura M, Kimura J, Hatakeyama T. Amino acid sequences of ribosomal proteins S11 from Bacillus stearothermophilus and S19 from Halobacterium marismortui. Comparison of the ribosomal protein S11 family. FEBS Lett. 1988;240:15-20 pubmed
    ..The halophilic protein S19 is more related to the eukaryotic (45-49%) than to the eubacterial counterparts (35%). ..
  10. Arndt E. The genes for ribosomal protein L15 and the protein equivalent to secY in the archaebacterium Haloarcula (Halobacterium) marismortui. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992;1130:113-6 pubmed
    ..The gene order of the halobacterial gene cluster is similar to that in the methanogens and in eubacteria. ..
  11. Yatsunami R, Kawakami T, Ohtani H, Nakamura S. Primary structure of the novel bacterial rhodopsin from extremely halophilic archaeon Haloarcula japonica strain TR-1. Nucleic Acids Symp Ser. 1997;:111-12 pubmed
    ..The structural gene consisted of an open reading frame of 750 nucleotides encoding 250 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of the Ha. japonica bacterial rhodopsin showed the highest homology to those of cruxrhodopsins. ..
  12. Cannac Caffrey V, Hudry Clergeon G, Petillot Y, Gagnon J, Zaccai G, Franzetti B. The protein sequence of an archaeal catalase-peroxidase. Biochimie. 1998;80:1003-11 pubmed
    ..Similarly to other soluble halophilic proteins, it shows the excess of acidic residues that has been associated with solvation in halophilic adaptation. ..
  13. Dijk J, van den Broek R, Nasiulas G, Beck A, Reinhardt R, Wittmann Liebold B. The N-terminal sequence of ribosomal protein L10 from the archaebacterium Halobacterium marismortui and its relationship to eubacterial protein L6 and other ribosomal proteins. Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1987;368:921-5 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, several potential cases of homology to other ribosomal components of the three ur-kingdoms have been found. ..
  14. Scholzen T, Arndt E. The alpha-operon equivalent genome region in the extreme halophilic archaebacterium Haloarcula (Halobacterium) marismortui. J Biol Chem. 1992;267:12123-30 pubmed
    ..The primary structure of HmaRp alpha shows high similarity to a subunit of eukaryotic RNA polymerase II (YeaRpB3, HsaRpB33), whereas the similarity to the eubacterial alpha-subunit of RNA polymerase is only weak. ..
  15. Arndt E, Steffens C. Nucleotide sequence of the genes for ribosomal proteins HS15 and HSH from Haloarcula marismortui: an archaeon-specific gene cluster. FEBS Lett. 1992;314:211-4 pubmed
    ..Eubacterial counterparts were not found, suggesting that these proteins are 'extra proteins' that are absent in eubacterial ribosomes. ..
  16. Kimura J, Kimura M. The primary structures of ribosomal proteins S14 and S16 from the archaebacterium Halobacterium marismortui. Comparison with eubacterial and eukaryotic ribosomal proteins. J Biol Chem. 1987;262:12150-7 pubmed
    ..These amino acid substitutions probably contribute to the structural stability of halophilic ribosomal proteins. ..
  17. Bergmann U, Arndt E. Evidence for an additional archaebacterial gene cluster in Halobacterium marismortui encoding ribosomal proteins HL46e and HL30. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990;1050:56-60 pubmed
    ..An equivalent to this HL46e/HL30 operon is apparently not present in Escherichia coli. ..
  18. Engemann S, Herfurth E, Briesemeister U, Wittmann Liebold B. Amino acid sequence of the ribosomal protein HS23 from the halophilic Haloarcula marismortui and homology studies to other ribosomal proteins. J Protein Chem. 1995;14:189-95 pubmed
    ..04. Homology studies reveal similarities to the eukaryotic ribosomal protein S8 from Homo sapiens, Rattus norvegicus, Leishmania major, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. ..
  19. Arndt E. Nucleotide sequence of four genes encoding ribosomal proteins from the 'S10 and spectinomycin' operon equivalent region in the archaebacterium Halobacterium marismortui. FEBS Lett. 1990;267:193-8 pubmed
    ..The equivalence of HmaL24 (HL16) and E. coli L24, which share only 28% identical amino acid residues, could now be shown by localizing the HmaL24 gene at the same position in the cluster. ..
  20. Kaufmann F, Schroeter B, Hatakeyama T. Primary structures of five ribosomal proteins from the archaebacterium Halobacterium marismortui and their structural relationships to eubacterial and eukaryotic ribosomal proteins. Eur J Biochem. 1989;185:685-93 pubmed
    ..No homologous protein was found for H. marismortui L32. These results are discussed with respect to the phylogenetic relationship between eubacteria, archaebacteria and eukaryotes...
  21. Kr mer W, Arndt E. Halobacterial S9 operon. Three ribosomal protein genes are cotranscribed with genes encoding a tRNA(Leu), the enolase, and a putative membrane protein in the archaebacterium Haloarcula (Halobacterium) marismortui. J Biol Chem. 1991;266:24573-9 pubmed
    ..The C-terminal part of the OrfMSG protein shows a significant similarity to the vertebrate laminin receptor protein...
  22. Richard S, Madern D, Garcin E, Zaccai G. Halophilic adaptation: novel solvent protein interactions observed in the 2.9 and 2.6 A resolution structures of the wild type and a mutant of malate dehydrogenase from Haloarcula marismortui. Biochemistry. 2000;39:992-1000 pubmed
  23. Wendoloski D, Ferrer C, Dyall Smith M. A new simvastatin (mevinolin)-resistance marker from Haloarcula hispanica and a new Haloferax volcanii strain cured of plasmid pHV2. Microbiology. 2001;147:959-64 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, an improved strain of Hfx. volcanii was developed to overcome the plasmid instability and growth reduction observed in the commonly used WFD11 strain...
  24. Irimia A, Ebel C, Madern D, Richard S, Cosenza L, Zacca G, et al. The Oligomeric states of Haloarcula marismortui malate dehydrogenase are modulated by solvent components as shown by crystallographic and biochemical studies. J Mol Biol. 2003;326:859-73 pubmed
    ..Our results support the hypothesis that extensive binding of water and salt is an important feature of adaptation to a halophilic environment...
  25. Hatakeyama T. Amino acid sequences of the ribosomal proteins HL30 and HmaL5 from the archaebacterium Halobacterium marismortui. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990;1039:343-7 pubmed
    ..Protein HmaL5 was homologous to the protein L5 from Escherichia coli and Bacillus stearothermophilus as well as to YL16 from yeast. HmaL5 shows more similarities to its eukaryotic counterpart than to eubacterial ones...
  26. Calo D, Guan Z, Naparstek S, Eichler J. Different routes to the same ending: comparing the N-glycosylation processes of Haloferax volcanii and Haloarcula marismortui, two halophilic archaea from the Dead Sea. Mol Microbiol. 2011;81:1166-77 pubmed publisher
    ..This study further indicates the extraordinary diversity of N-glycosylation pathways in Archaea, as compared with the relatively conserved parallel processes in Eukarya and Bacteria...
  27. Kavran J, Steitz T. Structure of the base of the L7/L12 stalk of the Haloarcula marismortui large ribosomal subunit: analysis of L11 movements. J Mol Biol. 2007;371:1047-59 pubmed publisher
    ..These three states are represented by the orientations of the L11 NTD relative to the ribosome and suggest that L11 may play a more specialized role in the factor binding cycle than previously appreciated...
  28. Khomyakova M, B kmez z, Thomas L, Erb T, Berg I. A methylaspartate cycle in haloarchaea. Science. 2011;331:334-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, it requires elevated intracellular glutamate concentrations, as well as coupling carbon assimilation with nitrogen metabolism...
  29. Fioravanti E, Vellieux F, Amara P, Madern D, Weik M. Specific radiation damage to acidic residues and its relation to their chemical and structural environment. J Synchrotron Radiat. 2007;14:84-91 pubmed publisher
    ..iv) No correlation was found between radiation susceptibility and solvent accessibility...
  30. Yoshimatsu K, Iwasaki T, Fujiwara T. Sequence and electron paramagnetic resonance analyses of nitrate reductase NarGH from a denitrifying halophilic euryarchaeote Haloarcula marismortui. FEBS Lett. 2002;516:145-50 pubmed
    ..marismortui enzyme is a new archaeal member of the known membrane-bound nitrate reductases whose homologs are found in the bacterial domain...
  31. Gabdulkhakov A, Nikonov S, Garber M. Revisiting the Haloarcula marismortui 50S ribosomal subunit model. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2013;69:997-1004 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, this paper provides a supplemented version of the Hma 50S ribosomal subunit model...
  32. Dym O, Mevarech M, Sussman J. Structural features that stabilize halophilic malate dehydrogenase from an archaebacterium. Science. 1995;267:1344-6 pubmed publisher
  33. Pyatibratov M, Beznosov S, Rachel R, Tiktopulo E, Surin A, Syutkin A, et al. Alternative flagellar filament types in the haloarchaeon Haloarcula marismortui. Can J Microbiol. 2008;54:835-44 pubmed publisher
  34. Nakao Y, Kikukawa T, Shimono K, Tamogami J, Kimitsuki N, Nara T, et al. Photochemistry of a putative new class of sensory rhodopsin (SRIII) coded by xop2 of Haloarcular marismortui. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2011;102:45-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Very weak proton-pumping activity was observed whose direction is the same as that of bacteriorhodopsin, a typical light-driven proton pump...
  35. Ban N, Freeborn B, Nissen P, Penczek P, Grassucci R, Sweet R, et al. A 9 A resolution X-ray crystallographic map of the large ribosomal subunit. Cell. 1998;93:1105-15 pubmed
  36. Tateno M, Ihara K, Mukohata Y. The novel ion pump rhodopsins from Haloarcula form a family independent from both the bacteriorhodopsin and archaerhodopsin families/tribes. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1994;315:127-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The ion pumps (and possibly sensors still to be found) in Haloarcula sp. arg-1, which constitute the cruxrhodopsin-1 family, are distinct from the bacteriorhodopsin and the archaerhodopsin families/tribes...
  37. Madern D, Pfister C, Zaccai G. Mutation at a single acidic amino acid enhances the halophilic behaviour of malate dehydrogenase from Haloarcula marismortui in physiological salts. Eur J Biochem. 1995;230:1088-95 pubmed
    ..These results highlight the role of acidic amino acids in halophilic behaviour and are in agreement with a model in which these amino acids act cooperatively to organise hydrated ion binding to the protein...
  38. Hase T, Wakabayashi S, Matsubara H, Mevarech M, Werber M. Amino acid sequence of 2Fe-2S ferredoxin from an extreme halophile, Halobacterium of the Dead Sea. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1980;623:139-45 pubmed
    ..Only 20 amino acid differences were observed between these two halobacterial ferredoxins. The distribution of cysteinyl residues involved in the iron chelation was similar to that of chloroplast-type ferredoxins...
  39. Arndt E, Kr mer W, Hatakeyama T. Organization and nucleotide sequence of a gene cluster coding for eight ribosomal proteins in the archaebacterium Halobacterium marismortui. J Biol Chem. 1990;265:3034-9 pubmed
    ..A putative promoter is located upstream of orf1. Out of the eight ribosomal proteins five have counterparts in eubacteria only, two in both eubacteria and eukaryotes, and one is exclusively related to an eukaryotic ribosomal protein...
  40. Frolow F, Harel M, Sussman J, Mevarech M, Shoham M. Insights into protein adaptation to a saturated salt environment from the crystal structure of a halophilic 2Fe-2S ferredoxin. Nat Struct Biol. 1996;3:452-8 pubmed
  41. Kimura J, Arndt E, Kimura M. Primary structures of three highly acidic ribosomal proteins S6, S12 and S15 from the archaebacterium Halobacterium marismortui. FEBS Lett. 1987;224:65-70 pubmed
    ..No homology was found between these halobacterial proteins and any eubacterial ribosomal proteins...
  42. Kimura M, Arndt E, Hatakeyama T, Kimura J. Ribosomal proteins in halobacteria. Can J Microbiol. 1989;35:195-9 pubmed
    ..In addition, halophilic proteins seem to lose isoleucine as compared with Escherichia coli ribosomal proteins...
  43. Rao L, Zhao X, Pan F, Li Y, Xue Y, Ma Y, et al. Solution behavior and activity of a halophilic esterase under high salt concentration. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e6980 pubmed publisher
    ..Given that all the solutions studied were structurally inhomogeneous, it is important for future work to understand how the LipC's solution aggregation affected its activity...
  44. Fu H, Lin Y, Chang Y, Tseng H, Huang C, Liu K, et al. A novel six-rhodopsin system in a single archaeon. J Bacteriol. 2010;192:5866-73 pubmed publisher
    ..The results clearly indicate the existence of a proton transporter system with two isochromatic rhodopsins and a new type of sensory rhodopsin-like transducer in H. marismortui...
  45. Papke R, White E, Reddy P, Weigel G, Kamekura M, Minegishi H, et al. A multilocus sequence analysis approach to the phylogeny and taxonomy of the Halobacteriales. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2011;61:2984-95 pubmed publisher
    ..This study demonstrates that MLSA is a rapid and informative molecular method that will probably accommodate strain analysis at any taxonomic level within the Halobacteriales...
  46. Ozawa K, Harashina T, Yatsunami R, Nakamura S. Gene cloning, expression and partial characterization of cell division protein FtsZ1 from extremely halophilic archaeon Haloarcula japonica strain TR-1. Extremophiles. 2005;9:281-8 pubmed publisher
    ..japonica host cells and purified. Purified recombinant FtsZ1 exhibited GTP-dependent polymerization activity and GTP-hydrolyzing activity in the presence of high concentrations of KCl...
  47. Johnsen U, Sch nheit P. Novel xylose dehydrogenase in the halophilic archaeon Haloarcula marismortui. J Bacteriol. 2004;186:6198-207 pubmed publisher
    ..marismortui. Thus, we propose that this first characterized archaeal xylose dehydrogenase catalyzes the initial step in xylose degradation by H. marismortui...
  48. Mizuki T, Kamekura M, Dassarma S, Fukushima T, Usami R, Yoshida Y, et al. Ureases of extreme halophiles of the genus Haloarcula with a unique structure of gene cluster. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2004;68:397-406 pubmed
    ..No open reading frames were detected in the PCR-amplified upstream of the beta subunit, suggesting that all Haloarcula species have the same unique structure of the urease gene cluster...
  49. Brinkmann H, Martin W. Higher-plant chloroplast and cytosolic 3-phosphoglycerate kinases: a case of endosymbiotic gene replacement. Plant Mol Biol. 1996;30:65-75 pubmed
    ..Evidence suggesting a eubacterial origin of plant genes for PGK via endosymbiotic gene replacement indicates that plant nuclear genomes are more highly chimaeric, i.e. contain more genes of eubacterial origin, than is generally assumed...
  50. Kitajima T, Hirayama J, Ihara K, Sugiyama Y, Kamo N, Mukohata Y. Novel bacterial rhodopsins from Haloarcula vallismortis. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1996;220:341-5 pubmed
  51. Ichiki H, Tanaka Y, Mochizuki K, Yoshimatsu K, Sakurai T, Fujiwara T. Purification, characterization, and genetic analysis of Cu-containing dissimilatory nitrite reductase from a denitrifying halophilic archaeon, Haloarcula marismortui. J Bacteriol. 2001;183:4149-56 pubmed publisher
  52. Baldacci G, Guinet F, Tillit J, Zaccai G, de Recondo A. Functional implications related to the gene structure of the elongation factor EF-Tu from Halobacterium marismortui. Nucleic Acids Res. 1990;18:507-11 pubmed
    ..coli (the only EF-Tu structure available) are grouped in patches on the protein surface, in each of which several residues that may be far apart in the sequence come quite close to each other in the tertiary structure...
  53. Madern D, Ebel C, Mevarech M, Richard S, Pfister C, Zaccai G. Insights into the molecular relationships between malate and lactate dehydrogenases: structural and biochemical properties of monomeric and dimeric intermediates of a mutant of tetrameric L-[LDH-like] malate dehydrogenase from the halophilic archaeon. Biochemistry. 2000;39:1001-10 pubmed
    ..The study presented here makes Hm MalDH the best characterized example so far of an LDH-like MalDH...
  54. Uhlein M, Wegl hner W, Urlaub H, Wittmann Liebold B. Functional implications of ribosomal protein L2 in protein biosynthesis as shown by in vivo replacement studies. Biochem J. 1998;331 ( Pt 2):423-30 pubmed
    ..Replacement of this histidine residue in the human and archaebacterial proteins by glycine, arginine or alanine had no effect on ribosome assembly, but strongly reduced the translational activity of ribosomes containing these mutants...
  55. Taupin C, H rtlein M, Leberman R. Seryl-tRNA synthetase from the extreme halophile Haloarcula marismortui--isolation, characterization and sequencing of the gene and its expression in Escherichia coli. Eur J Biochem. 1997;243:141-50 pubmed
    ..None of the expressed proteins were enzymically active. A structural model has been produced by comparison with other seryl-tRNA synthetases which illustrates the high negative-charge density of the surface of the hyperhalophilic enzyme...
  56. Seidel R, Scharf B, Gautel M, Kleine K, Oesterhelt D, Engelhard M. The primary structure of sensory rhodopsin II: a member of an additional retinal protein subgroup is coexpressed with its transducer, the halobacterial transducer of rhodopsin II. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995;92:3036-40 pubmed
    ..In archaeal retinal proteins, the function can be deduced from amino acids in positions 85 and 96. Proton pumps are characterized by Asp-85 and Asp-96; chloride pumps by Thr-85 and Ala-96; and sensors by Asp-85 and Tyr-96 or Phe-96...
  57. Han J, Lu Q, Zhou L, Zhou J, Xiang H. Molecular characterization of the phaECHm genes, required for biosynthesis of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) in the extremely halophilic archaeon Haloarcula marismortui. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73:6058-65 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicated that the phaEC genes are required for biosynthesis of PHB and might encode an active PHA synthase in the Haloarcula species...
  58. Klussmann S, Franke P, Bergmann U, Kostka S, Wittmann Liebold B. N-terminal modification and amino-acid sequence of the ribosomal protein HmaS7 from Haloarcula marismortui and homology studies to other ribosomal proteins. Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1993;374:305-12 pubmed
    ..Heller, G. & Böck, A. (1989) J. Mol. Evol. 29, 20-27)...
  59. Joshi P, Dennis P. Characterization of paralogous and orthologous members of the superoxide dismutase gene family from genera of the halophilic archaebacteria. J Bacteriol. 1993;175:1561-71 pubmed
    ..strain GRB are only about 87% identical. In the alignment of all seven sequences, there are nine codon positions where both the TCN and AGY serine codons are utilized; some or all of these may well be examples of convergent evolution...
  60. Petry S, Brodersen D, Murphy F, Dunham C, Selmer M, Tarry M, et al. Crystal structures of the ribosome in complex with release factors RF1 and RF2 bound to a cognate stop codon. Cell. 2005;123:1255-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, this work demonstrates the feasibility of crystallizing ribosomes with bound factors at a defined state along the translational pathway...
  61. Diaconu M, Kothe U, Schl nzen F, Fischer N, Harms J, Tonevitsky A, et al. Structural basis for the function of the ribosomal L7/12 stalk in factor binding and GTPase activation. Cell. 2005;121:991-1004 pubmed publisher
    ..Highly mobile L7/12 C-terminal domains promote recruitment of translation factors to the ribosome and stimulate GTP hydrolysis by the ribosome bound factors through stabilization of their active GTPase conformation...
  62. Klaholz B, Pape T, Zavialov A, Myasnikov A, Orlova E, Vestergaard B, et al. Structure of the Escherichia coli ribosomal termination complex with release factor 2. Nature. 2003;421:90-4 pubmed publisher
    ..By connecting the ribosomal decoding centre with the PTC, RF2 functionally mimics a tRNA molecule in the A site. Translational termination in eukaryotes is likely to be based on a similar mechanism...