Klebsiella oxytoca

Summary

Alias: "Bacillus oxytocus perniciosus" Flugge 1886, Bacillus oxytocus perniciosus, Klebsiella oxytoca (Flugge 1886) Lautrop 1956, Klebsiella sp. CECRI-24/07

Top Publications

  1. Akdemir Evrendilek G. Empirical prediction and validation of antibacterial inhibitory effects of various plant essential oils on common pathogenic bacteria. Int J Food Microbiol. 2015;202:35-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Salmonella Enteritidis, Salmonella Typhimurium, Proteus mirabilis, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Klebsiella oxytoca. A total of 65 compounds with different antioxidant capacity, phenolic substance content and antibacterial ..
  2. Abuelizz H, El Dib R, Marzouk M, Al Salahi R. In vitro evaluation of new 2-phenoxy-benzo[g][1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]quinazoline derivatives as antimicrobial agents. Microb Pathog. 2018;117:60-67 pubmed publisher
    ..The bacterial strains used were Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Proteus mirabilis (ATCC 7002), Klebsiella oxytoca (ATCC 700324), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 10145), Enterobacter cloacae (ATCC 13047D-5), Bacillus subtilis (..
  3. Mohammed M, Alnour T, Shakurfo O, Aburass M. Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance pattern of bacterial strains isolated from patients with urinary tract infection in Messalata Central Hospital, Libya. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2016;9:771-6 pubmed publisher
    ..3%), Proteus mirabilis (6.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (5.6%), Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella oxytoca (2.5%, each), Citrobacter koseri and Providencia rettgeri (1...
  4. Li L, Heidemann Olsen R, Ye L, Yan H, Nie Q, Meng H, et al. Antimicrobial Resistance and Resistance Genes in Aerobic Bacteria Isolated from Pork at Slaughter. J Food Prot. 2016;79:589-97 pubmed publisher
    ..and Oceanobacillus sp.; blaCMY-2 in Lactococcus lactis, Klebsiella oxytoca, Serratia marcescens, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Myroides phaeus; tet(L) in M...
  5. Ibrahimagić A, Bedenić B, Kamberović F, Uzunović S. High prevalence of CTX-M-15 and first report of CTX-M-3, CTX-M-22, CTX-M-28 and plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae causing urinary tract infections in Bosnia and Herzegovina in hospital and community settings. J Infect Chemother. 2015;21:363-9 pubmed publisher
    ..One Klebsiella oxytoca and one Enterobacter cloacae inpatient isolates were positive for blaCTX-M-28...
  6. Henriques L, de Brito L, Tavares W, Teles R, Vieira L, Teles F, et al. Microbial Ecosystem Analysis in Root Canal Infections Refractory to Endodontic Treatment. J Endod. 2016;42:1239-45 pubmed publisher
    ..64 ± 0.54), Salmonella enterica (2.51 ± 0.52), Mobiluncus mulieris (2.44 ± 0.6), and Klebsiella oxytoca (2.32 ± 0.66)...
  7. Carvalhaes C, Huband M, Reinhart H, Flamm R, Sader H. Antimicrobial Activity of Omadacycline Tested against Clinical Bacterial Isolates from Hospitals in Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan: Results from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (2013 to 2016). Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2019;63: pubmed publisher
    ..omadacycline was most active against Escherichia coli (MIC50/90, 1/2 mg/liter), Klebsiella oxytoca (MIC50/90, 1/4 mg/liter), and Enterobacter cloacae (MIC50/90, 2/4 mg/liter)...
  8. Mishra M, Sarangi R, Padhy R. Prevalence of multidrug resistant uropathogenic bacteria in pediatric patients of a tertiary care hospital in eastern India. J Infect Public Health. 2016;9:308-14 pubmed publisher
    ..aureus) and 7 Gram-negative bacteria (Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter aerogenes, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, K. pneumoniae, Proteus vulgaris and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) were isolated...
  9. Ohno Y, Nakamura A, Hashimoto E, Matsutani H, Abe N, Fukuda S, et al. Molecular epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in a primary care hospital in Japan, 2010-2013. J Infect Chemother. 2017;23:224-229 pubmed publisher
    ..92%), Escherichia coli (0.12%), Enterobacter cloacae (0.80%), Klebsiella oxytoca (0.55%), Enterobacter aerogenes (0.81%) and Proteus mirabilis (0.08%)...

More Information

Publications168 found, 100 shown here

  1. Morfin Otero R, Noriega E, Dowzicky M. Antimicrobial susceptibility trends among gram-positive and -negative clinical isolates collected between 2005 and 2012 in Mexico: results from the Tigecycline Evaluation and Surveillance Trial. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob. 2015;14:53 pubmed publisher
    ..S. aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Enterobacter spp., E. coli, K. pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Serratia marcescens, H. influenzae, and Acinetobacter spp...
  2. Dicks L, Mikkelsen L, Brandsborg E, Marcotte H. Clostridium difficile, the Difficult "Kloster" Fuelled by Antibiotics. Curr Microbiol. 2018;: pubmed publisher
    ..the colon to other opportunistic pathogens such as Clostridium perfringens, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella oxytoca, Candida spp., and Salmonella spp...
  3. Anssour L, Messai Y, Estepa V, Torres C, Bakour R. Characteristics of ciprofloxacin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolates recovered from wastewater of an Algerian hospital. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2016;10:728-34 pubmed publisher
    ..isolates were characterized: Escherichia coli, Escherichia vulneris, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Citrobacter freundii, and Citrobacter koseri/farmeri...
  4. Ishikawa K, Hamasuna R, Uehara S, Yasuda M, Yamamoto S, Hayami H, et al. Japanese nationwide surveillance in 2011 of antibacterial susceptibility patterns of clinical isolates from complicated urinary tract infection cases. J Infect Chemother. 2015;21:623-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Fifty-eight (15.2%) of 382 E. coli, 6 (4.5%) of 132 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 1 (2.4%) of 41 Klebsiella oxytoca and 4 (6.8%) of 59 Proteus mirabilis strains were suspected of producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamase...
  5. Sibi G, Kumari P, Kabungulundabungi N. Antibiotic sensitivity pattern from pregnant women with urinary tract infection in Bangalore, India. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2014;7S1:S116-20 pubmed publisher
    ..4% were Gram positive with Escherichia coli as the predominant bacteria (43.9%) followed by Klebsiella oxytoca (19.4%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (13.3%)...
  6. Snuossi M, Trabelsi N, Ben Taleb S, Dehmeni A, Flamini G, De Feo V. Laurus nobilis, Zingiber officinale and Anethum graveolens Essential Oils: Composition, Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities against Bacteria Isolated from Fish and Shellfish. Molecules. 2016;21: pubmed
    ..i>Vibrio alginolyticus, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella ornithinolytica, Klebsiella oxytoca and Serratia odorifera...
  7. Pfaller M, Huband M, Rhomberg P, Flamm R. Surveillance of Omadacycline Activity against Clinical Isolates from a Global Collection (North America, Europe, Latin America, Asia-Western Pacific), 2010-2011. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2017;61: pubmed publisher
    ..5/2 μg/ml), Enterobacter aerogenes (MIC50/90, 2/4 μg/ml), Klebsiella oxytoca (MIC50/90, 1/4 μg/ml), and Citrobacter spp. (MIC50/90, 1/4 μg/ml)...
  8. Flamm R, Jones R, Sader H. In vitro activity of ceftaroline tested against isolates from the Asia-Pacific region and South Africa (2011). J Glob Antimicrob Resist. 2014;2:183-189 pubmed publisher
    ..6% among Escherichia coli, 49.7% among Klebsiella pneumoniae and 23.7% among Klebsiella oxytoca. ESBL phenotype rates for E. coli ranged from a low of 8.3% in South Africa to a high of 77.9% in India...
  9. Santos I, Chaumette A, Smuts J, Hildenbrand Z, Schug K. Analysis of bacteria stress responses to contaminants derived from shale energy extraction. Environ Sci Process Impacts. 2019;21:269-278 pubmed publisher
    ..fracturing were measured on the whole cell-derived fatty acid and protein compositions of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas putida, Pseudomonas stutzeri, Aeromonas hydrophila, Bacillus cereus, ..
  10. Seedevi P, Moovendhan M, Vairamani S, Shanmugam A. Structural characterization and biomedical properties of sulfated polysaccharide from the gladius of Sepioteuthis lessoniana (Lesson, 1831). Int J Biol Macromol. 2016;85:117-25 pubmed publisher
    ..clinical pathogens, namely Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella typhi, Vibrio cholerae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Escherichia coli, Salmonella paratyphi, Proteus mirabilis, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Streptococcus ..
  11. Marco F, Dowzicky M. Antimicrobial susceptibility among important pathogens collected as part of the Tigecycline Evaluation and Surveillance Trial (T.E.S.T.) in Spain, 2004-2014. J Glob Antimicrob Resist. 2016;6:50-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Among the Enterobacteriaceae, 17.1% (542/3167) of Escherichia coli, 2.8% (19/682) of Klebsiella oxytoca and 19.0% (441/2327) of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates produced extend-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs)...
  12. Abbasiliasi S, Tan J, Bashokouh F, Ibrahim T, Mustafa S, Vakhshiteh F, et al. In vitro assessment of Pediococcus acidilactici Kp10 for its potential use in the food industry. BMC Microbiol. 2017;17:121 pubmed publisher
    ..such as Listeria monocytgenes ATCC 15313, Salmonella enterica ATCC 13311, Shigella sonnei ATCC 9290, Klebsiella oxytoca ATCC 13182, Enterobacter cloaca ATCC 35030 and Streptococcus pyogenes ATCC 12378...
  13. Sarı A, Süzük S, Karatuna O, Ogunc D, Karakoc A, Cizmeci Z, et al. [Results of a multicenter study investigating plasmid mediated colistin resistance genes (mcr-1 and mcr-2) in clinical Enterobacteriaceae ?solates from Turkey]. Mikrobiyol Bul. 2017;51:299-303 pubmed publisher
    ..22.8%), 31 of Esherichia coli (9.4%), 3 of Enterobacter cloacae (0.9%), 2 of Klebsiella oxytoca (0.6%) and 1 of Enterobacter aerogenes (0.3%) isolates were included to the study...
  14. Meini S, Tascini C, Cei M, Sozio E, Rossolini G. AmpC β-lactamase-producing Enterobacterales: what a clinician should know. Infection. 2019;: pubmed publisher
    ..g., Salmonella enterica, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Klebsiella oxytoca) or produce them at negligible levels (e.g., Escherichia coli)...
  15. Mendes R, Castanheira M, Woosley L, Stone G, Bradford P, Flamm R. Molecular β-lactamase characterization of Gram-negative pathogens recovered from patients enrolled in the ceftazidime-avibactam phase 3 trials (RECAPTURE 1 and 2) for complicated urinary tract infections: Efficacies analysed against susceptible and r. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2018;52:287-292 pubmed publisher
    ..0%; 8/10) carried plasmid AmpC genes. Two K. pneumoniae and 1 Klebsiella oxytoca carried blaOXA-48 and 1 K. pneumoniae carried blaNDM-1. Five (13/35; 37...
  16. Karlowsky J, Biedenbach D, Kazmierczak K, Stone G, Sahm D. Activity of Ceftazidime-Avibactam against Extended-Spectrum- and AmpC β-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae Collected in the INFORM Global Surveillance Study from 2012 to 2014. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2016;60:2849-57 pubmed publisher
    ..and Klebsiella pneumoniae Carbapenem-susceptible isolates of Escherichia coli, K. pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, and Proteus mirabilis with a confirmed extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) phenotype, or a ceftazidime ..
  17. Thaochan N, Drew R, Hughes J, Vijaysegaran S, Chinajariyawong A. Alimentary tract bacteria isolated and identified with API-20E and molecular cloning techniques from Australian tropical fruit flies, Bactrocera cacuminata and B. tryoni. J Insect Sci. 2010;10:131 pubmed publisher
    ..The dominant species in both the crop and midgut were Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella oxytoca. Providencia rettgeri, Klebsiella pneumoniae ssp ozaenae and Serratia marcescens were isolated from B...
  18. Matoušková I, Holy O. Monitoring of the environment at the transplant unit-hemato-oncology clinic. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014;11:9480-90 pubmed publisher
    ..8%). From the personnel, the most frequently isolated Gram-negative strains were Enterobacter spp. (61%), Klebsiella oxytoca (18%), and E. coli (11%). Microscopic filamentous fungi were isolated in 13 cases (2.71%)...
  19. Shigemura K, Kitagawa K, Nomi M, Yanagiuchi A, Sengoku A, Fujisawa M. Risk factors for febrile genito-urinary infection in the catheterized patients by with spinal cord injury-associated chronic neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction evaluated by urodynamic study and cystography: a retrospective study. World J Urol. 2019;: pubmed publisher
    ..coli (14 cases) followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n = 5), Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 4), and Klebsiella oxytoca (n = 4). Antibiotic-resistant E. coli were seen, with 36...
  20. Chen P, Tseng S, Huang M. Antibiotic Susceptibility of Commensal Bacteria from Human Milk. Curr Microbiol. 2016;72:113-119 pubmed publisher
    ..Some opportunistic or potentially pathogenic bacteria including Kluyvera ascorbata, Klebsiella oxytoca, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Actinomyces bovis, and Staphylococcus aureus were also ..
  21. Joseph J, Sharma S, Dave V. Filamentous gram-negative bacteria masquerading as actinomycetes in infectious endophthalmitis: a review of three cases. J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect. 2018;8:15 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the culture showed growth of gram-negative bacilli (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella oxytoca, Morganella morganii) which were identified by ViTEK 2 compact system and biochemical tests...
  22. Muzslay M, Moore G, Alhussaini N, Wilson A. ESBL-producing Gram-negative organisms in the healthcare environment as a source of genetic material for resistance in human infections. J Hosp Infect. 2017;95:59-64 pubmed publisher
    ..determinants were transferred successfully from three representative environmental isolates (Pantoea calida, Klebsiella oxytoca, Raoultella ornithinolytica) to the human pathogen E. coli...
  23. Ledeboer N, Lopansri B, Dhiman N, Cavagnolo R, Carroll K, Granato P, et al. Identification of Gram-Negative Bacteria and Genetic Resistance Determinants from Positive Blood Culture Broths by Use of the Verigene Gram-Negative Blood Culture Multiplex Microarray-Based Molecular Assay. J Clin Microbiol. 2015;53:2460-72 pubmed publisher
    ..9%; Klebsiella oxytoca, 95.5%; Enterobacter spp., 99.3%; Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 98.9%; Proteus spp., 100%; Acinetobacter spp., 98...
  24. Gubbels S, Nielsen J, Voldstedlund M, Kristensen B, Schønheyder H, Vandenbroucke Grauls C, et al. Utilization of blood cultures in Danish hospitals: a population-based descriptive analysis. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2015;21:344.e13-21 pubmed publisher
    ..faecium, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella oxytoca, accounted for 74.7% of agents for this purpose classified as pathogenic...
  25. Geisenberger D, Huppertz L, Büchsel M, Kramer L, Pollak S, Grosse Perdekamp M. Non-traumatic subdural hematoma secondary to septic brain embolism: A rare cause of unexpected death in a drug addict suffering from undiagnosed bacterial endocarditis. Forensic Sci Int. 2015;257:e1-5 pubmed publisher
    ..of the polypous vegetations adhering to the aortic valve revealed colonization by Streptococcus mitis and Klebsiella oxytoca. According to the toxicological analysis, no psychotropic substances had contributed to the lethal outcome...
  26. Harmer C, Partridge S, Hall R. pDGO100, a type 1 IncC plasmid from 1981 carrying ARI-A and a Tn1696-like transposon in a novel integrating element. Plasmid. 2016;86:38-45 pubmed publisher
    ..int gene were found in A/C2, IncHI1, and IncHI2 plasmids, and in the chromosomes of Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella oxytoca, and Cronobacter sakazakii isolates...
  27. Cordesmeyer R, Kauffmann P, Markus T, Sommer C, Eiffert H, Bremmer F, et al. Bacterial and histopathological findings in deep head and neck infections: a retrospective analysis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2017;124:11-15 pubmed publisher
    ..7% of infections. The most commonly isolated aerobic gram-negative pathogens were Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, and Haemophilus influenzae. In 1.6% of patients, a malignant cancer was detected...
  28. Baier C, Pirr S, Ziesing S, Ebadi E, Hansen G, Bohnhorst B, et al. Prospective surveillance of bacterial colonization and primary sepsis: findings of a tertiary neonatal intensive and intermediate care unit. J Hosp Infect. 2019;: pubmed publisher
    ..The most frequently found species were Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella oxytoca and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Three MRSA but no VRE were detected. The surveillance detected a K...
  29. Akinduti P, Olasehinde G, Ejilude O, Taiwo O, Obafemi Y. Fecal carriage and phylodiversity of community-acquired bla TEM Enteric bacilli in Southwest Nigeria. Infect Drug Resist. 2018;11:2425-2433 pubmed publisher
    ..2% rate to ampicillin, cefuroxime, ceftazidime, tetracycline and imipenem. E. coli and Klebsiella oxytoca, are the highest beta-lactamase, ESBL and AmpC producers encoded with high molecular weight R-plasmid (&..
  30. Ramírez Camejo L, Maldonado Morales G, Bayman P. Differential Microbial Diversity in Drosophila melanogaster: Are Fruit Flies Potential Vectors of Opportunistic Pathogens?. Int J Microbiol. 2017;2017:8526385 pubmed publisher
    ..fumigatus, A. niger, Fusarium equiseti/oxysporum, Geotrichum candidum, Klebsiella oxytoca, Microbacterium oxydans, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia...
  31. Jiménez Guerra G, Heras Cañas V, Béjar Molina L, Sorlózano Puerto A, Navarro Marí J, Gutierrez Fernandez J. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae from urinary tract infections: Evolution of antimicrobial resistance and treatment options. Med Clin (Barc). 2018;150:262-265 pubmed publisher
    ..A total of 95,399 samples were processed and 9,772 E. coli, 1,784 Klebsiella pneumoniae and 248 Klebsiella oxytoca were isolated. ESBL strains were more frequent in women, although they decreased during 2015 and 2016 (65...
  32. Conlan S, Thomas P, Deming C, Park M, Lau A, Dekker J, et al. Single-molecule sequencing to track plasmid diversity of hospital-associated carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae. Sci Transl Med. 2014;6:254ra126 pubmed publisher
    ..of carbapenemase-encoding Enterobacteriaceae, including multiple strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae, Citrobacter freundii, and Pantoea species...
  33. Odenthal S, Akineden O, Usleber E. Extended-spectrum ?-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae in bulk tank milk from German dairy farms. Int J Food Microbiol. 2016;238:72-78 pubmed publisher
    ..6%), followed by Citrobacter spp. (9.6%), Enterobacter cloacae (6.1%), and Klebsiella oxytoca (3.7%), a few isolates belonged to other species within the genera Hafnia, Raoutella and Serratia...
  34. Hidalgo Fabrellas I, Rebollo Pavón M, Planas Canals M, Barbero Cabezas M. [Incidence of urinary tract infections after cardiac surgery: comparative study accordind to catheterization device]. Enferm Intensiva. 2015;26:54-62 pubmed publisher
    ..5% of CBF. Most common etiologic microorganisms: Escherichia coli 29.8% Klebsiella pneumonia 29.8%, Klebsiella oxytoca 9%...
  35. Anchordoqui M, De Belder D, Lucero C, Rapoport M, Faccone D, Rodriguez A, et al. In vivo horizontal dissemination of the blaKPC-2 gene carried on diverse genetic platforms among clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae. J Glob Antimicrob Resist. 2015;3:210-213 pubmed publisher
    ..Case 3, Citrobacter freundii (CFR-P3) and Klebsiella oxytoca (KOX-P3) were isolated from skin and skin-structure infection...
  36. Stokholm J, Thorsen J, Chawes B, Schjørring S, Krogfelt K, Bønnelykke K, et al. Cesarean section changes neonatal gut colonization. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016;138:881-889.e2 pubmed publisher
    ..intestinal tract by Citrobacter freundii, Clostridium species, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella oxytoca, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus aureus at age 1 week, whereas colonization by Escherichia coli ..
  37. Karlowsky J, Biedenbach D, Bouchillon S, Iaconis J, Reiszner E, Sahm D. In vitro activity of ceftaroline against bacterial pathogens isolated from skin and soft tissue infections in Europe, Russia and Turkey in 2012: results from the Assessing Worldwide Antimicrobial Resistance Evaluation (AWARE) surveillance programme. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016;71:162-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Against Escherichia coli (n = 349), Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 215), Klebsiella oxytoca (n = 74) and Proteus mirabilis (n = 121), ceftaroline activity was dependent upon ..
  38. Lamba M, Ahammad S. Sewage treatment effluents in Delhi: A key contributor of ?-lactam resistant bacteria and genes to the environment. Chemosphere. 2017;188:249-256 pubmed publisher
    ..Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas putida, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Acinetobacter baumannii, Shigella dysentery and Aeromonas caviae in the STP effluents...
  39. Ishii S, Ihara M, Maekawa T, Nakamura Y, Uchida H, Imamoto F. The nucleotide sequence of the cloned nusA gene and its flanking region of Escherichia coli. Nucleic Acids Res. 1984;12:3333-42 pubmed
    ..We suggest, therefore, that the genes for tRNAMetf2, a 15 kilodalton protein, the nusA protein and IF2 alpha, aligned in this order, are co-transcribed. ..
  40. Barišić I, Mitteregger D, Hirschl A, Noehammer C, Wiesinger Mayr H. High diversity of beta-lactamases in the General Hospital Vienna verified by whole genome sequencing and statistical analysis. Infect Genet Evol. 2014;27:408-17 pubmed publisher
    ..In summary, this work gives a very detailed picture on the disseminated β-lactamases and other resistance genes in one of Europe's largest hospitals. ..
  41. Sanjit Singh A, Lekshmi M, Prakasan S, Nayak B, Kumar S. Multiple Antibiotic-Resistant, Extended Spectrum-?-Lactamase (ESBL)-Producing Enterobacteria in Fresh Seafood. Microorganisms. 2017;5: pubmed publisher
    ..60%) isolates, with Escherichia coli being the predominant species (53), followed by Klebsiella oxytoca (27), and K. pneumoniae (23)...
  42. Sacerdot C, Dessen P, Hershey J, Plumbridge J, Grunberg Manago M. Sequence of the initiation factor IF2 gene: unusual protein features and homologies with elongation factors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1984;81:7787-91 pubmed
    ..The homologies indicate that the genes for IF2 and the elongation factors are derived at least in part from a common ancestor. ..
  43. Wendel A, Brodner A, Wydra S, Ressina S, Henrich B, Pfeffer K, et al. Genetic characterization and emergence of the metallo-?-lactamase GIM-1 in Pseudomonas spp. and Enterobacteriaceae during a long-term outbreak. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2013;57:5162-5 pubmed publisher
    ..and Enterobacteriaceae (Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Serratia marcescens, Escherichia coli, and Citrobacter freundii), collected between 2007 and 2012 at the ..
  44. Yu L, Zhang X, Xie T, Hu J, Wang S, Li W. Intracellular azo decolorization is coupled with aerobic respiration by a Klebsiella oxytoca strain. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2015;99:2431-9 pubmed publisher
    Reduction of azo dye methyl red coupled with aerobic respiration by growing cultures of Klebsiella oxytoca GS-4-08 was investigated. In liquid media containing dye and 0...
  45. Chan X, Hong K, Yin W, Chan K. Microbiome and Biocatalytic Bacteria in Monkey Cup (Nepenthes Pitcher) Digestive Fluid. Sci Rep. 2016;6:20016 pubmed publisher
  46. Florescu D, Mindru C, Keck M, Qiu F, Kalil A. Colistin, an Old Drug in a New Territory, Solid Organ Transplantation. Transplant Proc. 2016;48:152-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated in 13 cases and ESBL Klebsiella oxytoca and ESBL Escherichia coli were isolated in 1 case each...
  47. Kluytmans van den Bergh M, Rossen J, Bruijning Verhagen P, Bonten M, Friedrich A, Vandenbroucke Grauls C, et al. Whole-Genome Multilocus Sequence Typing of Extended-Spectrum-Beta-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae. J Clin Microbiol. 2016;54:2919-2927 pubmed
    ..the Enterobacter cloacae complex, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, and Klebsiella pneumoniae and used to type a national collection of 1,798 extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-..
  48. Aquino Andrade A, Mérida Vieyra J, Arias de la Garza E, Arzate Barbosa P, De Colsa Ranero A. Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Mexico: report of seven non-clonal cases in a pediatric hospital. BMC Microbiol. 2018;18:38 pubmed publisher
    ..producing OXA-232, NDM-1 and KPC-2), two Klebsiella pneumoniae strains (producing KPC-2 and NDM-1), one Klebsiella oxytoca strain producing OXA-48 and one Enterobacter cloacae strain producing NDM-1...
  49. Barrios H, Garza Ramos U, Ochoa Sanchez L, Reyna Flores F, Rojas Moreno T, Morfin Otero R, et al. A plasmid-encoded class 1 integron contains GES-type extended-spectrum ?-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae clinical isolates in Mexico. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012;56:4032-4 pubmed publisher
  50. Tosi T, Estrozi L, Job V, Guilvout I, Pugsley A, Schoehn G, et al. Structural similarity of secretins from type II and type III secretion systems. Structure. 2014;22:1348-1355 pubmed publisher
    ..multimeric regions of PscC, the Pseudomonas aeruginosa type III secretion system secretin, and PulD, the Klebsiella oxytoca type II secretion system secretin, were purified after cell-free synthesis and their structures analyzed by ..
  51. Rodrigues C, Machado E, Ramos H, Peixe L, Novais Ã. Expansion of ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in hospitalized patients: a successful story of international clones (ST15, ST147, ST336) and epidemic plasmids (IncR, IncFIIK). Int J Med Microbiol. 2014;304:1100-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Eighty-eight ESBL-producing clinical isolates (69 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 13 Enterobacter cloacae complex, 3 Klebsiella oxytoca, 1 Enterobacter asburiae, 1 Proteus mirabilis and 1 Serratia marcescens) recovered from hospitals located in ..
  52. Tshivhandekano I, Ntushelo K, Ngezimana W, Tshikalange T, Mudau F. Chemical compositions and antimicrobial activities of Athrixia phylicoides DC. (bush tea), Monsonia burkeana (special tea) and synergistic effects of both combined herbal teas. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2014;7S1:S448-53 pubmed publisher
    ..The microbes strain used was Gram negative bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, Proteus vulgaris, Serratia marcescens, Salmonella typhi, Klebsiella pneumonia; Gram positive bacteria such ..
  53. Pawar K, Dar M, Rajput B, Kulkarni G. Enrichment and identification of cellulolytic bacteria from the gastrointestinal tract of Giant African snail, Achatina fulica. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2015;175:1971-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The most abundant OTU allied to Klebsiella oxytoca accounted for 70 % of the total sequences...
  54. Werbowy O, Boratynski R, Dekowska A, Kaczorowski T. Genetic analysis of maintenance of pEC156, a naturally occurring Escherichia coli plasmid that carries genes of the EcoVIII restriction-modification system. Plasmid. 2015;77:39-50 pubmed publisher
    ..We have found that pEC156 was most stably maintained in Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella oxytoca representing coli-type enterobacteria...
  55. Guy R, Geoghegan L, Heginbothom M, Howe R, Muller Pebody B, Reilly J, et al. Non-susceptibility of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp., Pseudomonas spp., Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus in the UK: temporal trends in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016;71:1564-9 pubmed publisher
    ..antibiotic susceptibility test results for bloodstream isolates of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Pseudomonas spp...
  56. Jahangiri A, Rasooli I, Owlia P, Fooladi A, Salimian J. An integrative in silico approach to the structure of Omp33-36 in Acinetobacter baumannii. Comput Biol Chem. 2018;72:77-86 pubmed publisher
    ..model was refined and then its sequence aligned to its counterpart similar structure protein (CymA from Klebsiella oxytoca)...
  57. Papp Wallace K, Barnes M, Alsop J, Taracila M, Bethel C, Becka S, et al. Relebactam Is a Potent Inhibitor of the KPC-2 β-Lactamase and Restores Imipenem Susceptibility in KPC-Producing Enterobacteriaceae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2018;62: pubmed publisher
    ..pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Citrobacter freundii, Citrobacter ..
  58. Yang J, Xie X, Xiang N, Tian Z, Dixon R, Wang Y. Polyprotein strategy for stoichiometric assembly of nitrogen fixation components for synthetic biology. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018;115:E8509-E8517 pubmed publisher
    ..Operon-based nif genes from Klebsiella oxytoca were regrouped into giant genes either by fusing genes together or by expressing polyproteins that are ..
  59. Papagiannitsis C, Izdebski R, Baraniak A, Fiett J, Herda M, Hrabák J, et al. Survey of metallo-β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae colonizing patients in European ICUs and rehabilitation units, 2008-11. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2015;70:1981-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provided fully comparable data on the occurrence and molecular characteristics of VIM-producing Enterobacteriaceae in a group of hospital units across Europe, documenting recent changes in their epidemiology. ..
  60. Tanaka K, Fujiya M, Sakatani A, Fujibayashi S, Nomura Y, Ueno N, et al. Second-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication causing antibiotic-associated hemorrhagic colitis. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob. 2017;16:54 pubmed publisher
    ..A bacterial culture detected Klebsiella oxytoca (K. oxytoca), but no other pathogenic bacteria...
  61. Deshpande A, Pochapsky T, Ringe D. The Metal Drives the Chemistry: Dual Functions of Acireductone Dioxygenase. Chem Rev. 2017;117:10474-10501 pubmed publisher
    ..The dual chemistry of ARD was originally discovered in the bacterium Klebsiella oxytoca, but it has recently been shown that mammalian ARD enzymes (mouse and human) are also capable of catalyzing ..
  62. Tominaga T. Rapid detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Raoultella ornithinolytica and other related bacteria in food by lateral-flow test strip immunoassays. J Microbiol Methods. 2018;147:43-49 pubmed publisher
    ..of these two methods on 72 cultured strains successfully identified all 25 strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca and Raoultella ornithinolytica...
  63. Shibata N, Masuda J, Tobimatsu T, Toraya T, Suto K, Morimoto Y, et al. A new mode of B12 binding and the direct participation of a potassium ion in enzyme catalysis: X-ray structure of diol dehydratase. Structure. 1999;7:997-1008 pubmed
    ..On the basis of unique direct interactions between the potassium ion and the two hydroxyl groups of the substrate, direct participation of a potassium ion in enzyme catalysis is strongly suggested. ..
  64. Zemlickova H, Jakubu V, Fridrichová M. [Antimicrobial activity of ceftolozane/tazobactam against Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the Czech Republic in 2016]. Klin Mikrobiol Infekc Lek. 2017;23:132-135 pubmed
    ..The results confirmed good activity of ceftozolane/tazobactam in vitro against Enterobacteriaceae (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Proteus mirabilis) and P. aeruginosa in the Czech Republic.
  65. Barbarini D, Russello G, Brovarone F, Capatti C, Colla R, Perilli M, et al. Evaluation of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in an Italian setting: report from the trench. Infect Genet Evol. 2015;30:8-14 pubmed publisher
    ..gene (73 KP, 4 Escherichia coli - EC), 51 strains the blaVIM gene (44 KP, 3 EC, 2 Enterobacter cloacae and 2 Klebsiella oxytoca), 8 the blaNDM gene (3 KP, 4 EC and one Providencia stuartii), 3 the blaOXA-48 gene (2 KP, 1 EC), whereas 25 ..
  66. Qamar N, Rehman Y, Hasnain S. Arsenic-resistant and plant growth-promoting Firmicutes and ?-Proteobacteria species from industrially polluted irrigation water and corresponding cropland. J Appl Microbiol. 2017;123:748-758 pubmed publisher
    ..Maximum As(V) resistance was exhibited by Klebsiella pneumoniae T22 and Klebsiella oxytoca N53 (550 mmol l-1 ), whereas maximum resistance against As(III) was exhibited by K...
  67. Xiao K, Shu C, Yan Q, Sun X. Predicting Homogeneous Pilus Structure from Monomeric Data and Sparse Constraints. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:817134 pubmed publisher
    ..pilus (TCP) from Vibrio cholerae, and pseudopilus of the pullulanase T2SS (the PulG pilus) from Klebsiella oxytoca. In addition, analyses of computational errors showed that subunits should be treated cautiously, as they ..
  68. Li X, Liu Q, Liu X, Shi H, Chen S. Using synthetic biology to increase nitrogenase activity. Microb Cell Fact. 2016;15:43 pubmed publisher
    ..WLY78 and Klebsiella oxytoca were placed under the control of Paenibacillus nif promoter in two different vectors and then they are ..
  69. Mediavilla Gradolph C, Sáinz Rodriguez R, Valverde Troya M, de Toro Peinado I, Bermudez Ruíz M, Palop Borras B. [Evaluation of an immunochromatographic test for the detection of OXA-48 carbapenemase]. Rev Esp Quimioter. 2017;30:45-49 pubmed
    ..carbapenemase producing bacteria have been isolated, of which 136 were OXA-48 (126 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 1 Klebsiella oxytoca, 5 Escherichia coli, 4 Enterobacter cloacae), and 15 producing other carbapenemases ...
  70. Jiménez Guerra G, Hoyos Mallecot Y, Rodriguez Granger J, Navarro Marí J, Gutierrez Fernandez J. [Rapid test for detection of susceptibility to cefotaxime in Enterobacteriaceae]. Rev Argent Microbiol. 2016;48:320-324 pubmed publisher
    ..extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL), 16 isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae ESBL and 1 isolate of Klebsiella oxytoca ESBL...
  71. Zollner Schwetz I, Herzog K, Feierl G, Leitner E, Schneditz G, Sprenger H, et al. The Toxin-Producing Pathobiont Klebsiella oxytoca Is Not Associated with Flares of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Dig Dis Sci. 2015;60:3393-8 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Klebsiella oxytoca is an intestinal pathobiont that can produce a cytotoxin (tillivaline)...
  72. Kabir M, Meunier D, Hopkins K, Giske C, Woodford N. A two-centre evaluation of RAPIDEC® CARBA NP for carbapenemase detection in Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016;71:1213-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The exceptions were one Klebsiella oxytoca, which was later found to produce GES-5 carbapenemase, one Pseudomonas aeruginosa with OprD loss and ..
  73. Fournomiti M, Kimbaris A, Mantzourani I, Plessas S, Theodoridou I, Papaemmanouil V, et al. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils of cultivated oregano (Origanum vulgare), sage (Salvia officinalis), and thyme (Thymus vulgaris) against clinical isolates of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Microb Ecol Health Dis. 2015;26:23289 pubmed publisher
    ..inhibitory concentration - MIC) against clinical isolates of multidrug resistant Escherichia coli (n=27), Klebsiella oxytoca (n=7), and Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=16) strains by using the broth microdilution assay...
  74. Platteel T, Cohen Stuart J, De Neeling A, Voets G, Scharringa J, van de Sande N, et al. Multi-centre evaluation of a phenotypic extended spectrum β-lactamase detection guideline in the routine setting. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2013;19:70-76 pubmed publisher
    ..test result (74%Escherichia coli, 12%Enterobacter cloacae, 8%Klebsiella pneumoniae, 3%Proteus mirabilis, 2%Klebsiella oxytoca). Presence of ESBL genes was used as reference test. Accuracy of local phenotypic ESBL detection was 88%...
  75. van den Berg B, Prathyusha Bhamidimarri S, Dahyabhai Prajapati J, Kleinekathöfer U, Winterhalter M. Outer-membrane translocation of bulky small molecules by passive diffusion. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015;112:E2991-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Intriguingly, the OM protein CymA from Klebsiella oxytoca does not depend on TonB but nevertheless mediates efficient OM passage of cyclodextrins with diameters of up ..
  76. Alikhani M, Shahcheraghi F, Khodaparast S, Mozaffari Nejad A, Moghadam M, Mousavi S. Molecular characterisation of Klebsiella oxytoca strains isolated from patients with antibiotic-associated diarrhoea. Arab J Gastroenterol. 2016;17:95-101 pubmed publisher
    ..Recently, Klebsiella oxytoca has been implicated in this type of diarrhoea. The prevalence and characterisations of K...
  77. Sato T, Hara T, Horiyama T, Kanazawa S, Yamaguchi T, Maki H. Mechanism of resistance and antibacterial susceptibility in extended-spectrum β-lactamase phenotype Klebsiella pneumoniae and Klebsiella oxytoca isolated between 2000 and 2010 in Japan. J Med Microbiol. 2015;64:538-43 pubmed publisher
    Clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Klebsiella oxytoca collected from 20 Japanese medical facilities between 2000 and 2010 were analysed to evaluate the mechanisms of resistance and antibacterial susceptibilities to 14 ..
  78. Zarfel G, Lipp M, Gürtl E, Folli B, Baumert R, Kittinger C. Troubled water under the bridge: Screening of River Mur water reveals dominance of CTX-M harboring Escherichia coli and for the first time an environmental VIM-1 producer in Austria. Sci Total Environ. 2017;593-594:399-405 pubmed publisher
    ..One Klebsiella oxytoca with GES-1 was isolated...
  79. Ren Y, Yang J, Chen S. The fate of a nitrobenzene-degrading bacterium in pharmaceutical wastewater treatment sludge. Chemosphere. 2015;141:13-8 pubmed publisher
    This paper describes the fate of a nitrobenzene-degrading bacterium, Klebsiella oxytoca NBA-1, which was isolated from a pharmaceutical wastewater treatment facility...
  80. Baldi F, Daniele S, Gallo M, Paganelli S, Battistel D, Piccolo O, et al. Polysaccharide-based silver nanoparticles synthesized by Klebsiella oxytoca DSM 29614 cause DNA fragmentation in E. coli cells. Biometals. 2016;29:321-31 pubmed publisher
    Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), embedded into a specific exopolysaccharide (EPS), were produced by Klebsiella oxytoca DSM 29614 by adding AgNO3 to the cultures during exponential growth phase...
  81. Inzhevatkin E, Morozov E, Khilazheva E, Ladygina V, Stolyar S, Falaleev O. Elimination of iron-containing magnetic nanoparticles from the site of injection in mice: a magnetic-resonance imaging study. Bull Exp Biol Med. 2015;158:807-11 pubmed publisher
    Suspension of magnetic nanoparticles (0.7 g/liter) obtained from Klebsiella oxytoca culture was injected intraperitoneally (1 ml), intramuscularly (in the hip; 100 μl), and subcutaneously (200 μl) or administered orally instead of ..
  82. Erban T, Ledvinka O, Kamler M, Nesvorna M, Hortova B, Tyl J, et al. Honeybee (Apis mellifera)-associated bacterial community affected by American foulbrood: detection of Paenibacillus larvae via microbiome analysis. Sci Rep. 2017;7:5084 pubmed publisher
    ..of Citrobacter freundii and Hafnia alvei were higher in AFB2 and AFB1 than in AFB0, whereas Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella oxytoca, Spiroplasma melliferum and Morganella morganii were more abundant in AFB0 and AFB1 than in AFB2.
  83. Osaili T, Alaboudi A, Al Quran H, Al Nabulsi A. Decontamination and survival of Enterobacteriaceae on shredded iceberg lettuce during storage. Food Microbiol. 2018;73:129-136 pubmed publisher
    ..Klebsiella pneumonia spp. pneumonia, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Pantoea spp., Leclercia adecarboxylata and Kluyvera ascorbate were identified on iceberg lettuce...
  84. Hedegaard J, Steffensen S, Nørskov Lauritsen N, Mortensen K, Sperling Petersen H. Identification of Enterobacteriaceae by partial sequencing of the gene encoding translation initiation factor 2. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1999;49 Pt 4:1531-8 pubmed
    ..It is concluded that the inter-species variation of the infB gene fragment is sufficient for its use in the characterization of strains that have aberrant phenotypic reactions. ..
  85. Dziri R, Klibi N, Alonso C, Said L, Bellaaj R, Slama K, et al. Characterization of extended-spectrum ?-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella, Enterobacter, and Citrobacter obtained in environmental samples of a Tunisian hospital. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2016;86:190-3 pubmed publisher
    ..identified as Klebsiella pneumoniae (n= 11), Enterobacter cloacae (n=11), Citrobacter freundii (n=4) and Klebsiella oxytoca (n=2). The bla genes identified by PCR and sequencing among the strains were as follows: 11 K...
  86. Shibata N, Nakanishi Y, Fukuoka M, Yamanishi M, Yasuoka N, Toraya T. Structural rationalization for the lack of stereospecificity in coenzyme B12-dependent diol dehydratase. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:22717-25 pubmed
    Adenosylcobalamin-dependent diol dehydratase of Klebsiella oxytoca is apparently not stereospecific and catalyzes the conversion of both (R)- and (S)-1,2-propanediol to propionaldehyde...
  87. Shimada N, Kayama S, Shigemoto N, Hisatsune J, Kuwahara R, Nishio H, et al. Complete Nucleotide Sequence of pKOI-34, an IncL/M Plasmid Carrying blaIMP-34 in Klebsiella oxytoca Isolated in Japan. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2016;60:3156-62 pubmed publisher
    We determined the complete nucleotide sequence of a self-transmissible IncL/M plasmid, pKOI-34, from a Klebsiella oxytoca isolate...
  88. Al Mijalli S. Isolation and characterization of plant and human pathogenic bacteria from green pepper (Capsicum annum L.) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 3 Biotech. 2014;4:337-344 pubmed publisher
    ..One representative isolate for each genus was identified as Klebsiella oxytoca and Proteus mirabilis based on their partial 16S rRNA gene sequences. The virulence of the S...
  89. García Fulgueiras V, Araujo L, Bado I, Cordeiro N, Mota M, Laguna G, et al. Allodemic distribution of plasmids co-harbouring blaCTX-M-15/aac(6')-Ib-cr/qnrB in Klebsiella pneumoniae is the main source of extended-spectrum β-lactamases in Uruguay's paediatric hospital. J Glob Antimicrob Resist. 2017;9:68-73 pubmed publisher
    ..pneumoniae, 19.5% Serratia marcescens, 19.5% Escherichia coli, 17% Enterobacter cloacae and 1% Klebsiella oxytoca. ESBLs belonged mainly to the blaCTX-M family (69...
  90. White L, Hopkins K, Meunier D, Perry C, Pike R, Wilkinson P, et al. Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in hospital wastewater: a reservoir that may be unrelated to clinical isolates. J Hosp Infect. 2016;93:145-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Enterobacter cloacae complex) were New Delhi metallo-?-lactamase (NDM) producers and the remaining 11 (six Klebsiella oxytoca and five Enterobacter cloacae complex) were Guiana-Extended-Spectrum-5 (GES-5) producers, the first to be ..
  91. Damodaram K, Ayyasamy A, Kempraj V. Commensal Bacteria Aid Mate-selection in the Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis. Microb Ecol. 2016;72:725-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Using culturing and 16S rDNA sequencing, we isolated and identified different commensal bacteria, with Klebsiella oxytoca being the most abundant bacterial species...
  92. Karlowsky J, Biedenbach D, Bouchillon S, Hackel M, Iaconis J, Sahm D. In vitro activity of Ceftaroline against bacterial pathogens isolated from patients with skin and soft tissue and respiratory tract infections in African and Middle Eastern countries: AWARE global surveillance program 2012-2014. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2016;86:194-9 pubmed publisher
    ..to ceftaroline among ESBL-negative Escherichia coli (n= 338), Klebsiella pneumoniae (n= 241), and Klebsiella oxytoca (n= 97) were 89.1% (MIC90, 1 ?g/mL), 94.2% (MIC90, 0.5 ?g/mL), and 99.0% (MIC90, 0.5 ?g/mL), respectively.