Bacillus thuringiensis serovar konkukian str. 97-27


Alias: Bacillus thuringiensis serovar konkukian 97-27, Bacillus thuringiensis serovar konkukian strain 97-27

Top Publications

  1. Slamti L, Lereclus D. A cell-cell signaling peptide activates the PlcR virulence regulon in bacteria of the Bacillus cereus group. EMBO J. 2002;21:4550-9 pubmed
    ..This activating mechanism was found to be strain specific, with this specificity determined by the first residue of the penta peptide...
  2. Johansen T, Haugli F, Ikezawa H, Little C. Bacillus cereus strain SE-1: nucleotide sequence of the sphingomyelinase C gene. Nucleic Acids Res. 1988;16:10370 pubmed
  3. Beck A, Dijk J, Reinhardt R. Ribosomal proteins and DNA-binding protein II from the extreme thermophile Bacillus caldolyticus. Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1987;368:121-30 pubmed
    ..Tetragonal and monoclinic crystals of DNA-binding protein II have been obtained which are suitable for X-ray studies and the diffraction patterns of the two crystal forms are shown. ..
  4. Fedhila S, Msadek T, Nel P, Lereclus D. Distinct clpP genes control specific adaptive responses in Bacillus thuringiensis. J Bacteriol. 2002;184:5554-62 pubmed
    ..Our study demonstrates that ClpP1 and ClpP2 control distinct cellular regulatory pathways in B. thuringiensis. ..
  5. Mayr B, Kaplan T, Lechner S, Scherer S. Identification and purification of a family of dimeric major cold shock protein homologs from the psychrotrophic Bacillus cereus WSBC 10201. J Bacteriol. 1996;178:2916-25 pubmed
    ..At higher salt concentrations, they dissociate into their monomers. Their ability to bind to the ATTGG motif of single-stranded oligonucleotides was demonstrated by band shift analysis. ..
  6. Johansen T, Holm T, Guddal P, Sletten K, Haugli F, Little C. Cloning and sequencing of the gene encoding the phosphatidylcholine-preferring phospholipase C of Bacillus cereus. Gene. 1988;65:293-304 pubmed
    ..coli. The cloning and sequencing described here complete the first step toward using in vitro mutagenesis for investigations of the structure-function relationships of B. cereus phospholipase C. ..
  7. Gai Y, Liu G, Tan H. Identification and characterization of a germination operon from Bacillus thuringiensis. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2006;89:251-9 pubmed
    ..These results suggest this operon is essential for normal spore germination in B. thuringiensis. The expression of cwlJ was observed in the sporulating cells through Western blot experiments. ..
  8. Sanderová H, Jonak J. Opposite roles of domains 2+3 of Escherichia coli EF-Tu and Bacillus stearothermophilus EF-Tu in the regulation of EF-Tu GTPase activity. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2005;1752:11-7 pubmed
    ..This can be explained by a stabilization effect of domains 2+3 on alpha-helical regions of the G-domain as revealed by CD spectroscopy. ..
  9. Lovgren A, Zhang M, Engstrom A, Landén R. Identification of two expressed flagellin genes in the insect pathogen Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. alesti. J Gen Microbiol. 1993;139:21-30 pubmed
    ..DNA sequences related to the flaB gene were found in most other B. thuringiensis subspecies, and in two of them, subsp. kurstaki and subsp. entomocidus, such sequences were present in multiple copies. ..

More Information


  1. Watanabe K, Kitamura K, Iha H, Suzuki Y. Primary structure of the oligo-1,6-glucosidase of Bacillus cereus ATCC7064 deduced from the nucleotide sequence of the cloned gene. Eur J Biochem. 1990;192:609-20 pubmed
    ..carlsbergensis alpha-glucosidase and Aspergillus oryzae alpha-amylase. ..
  2. Mabuchi N, Araki Y. Cloning and sequencing of two genes encoding chitinases A and B from Bacillus cereus CH. Can J Microbiol. 2001;47:895-902 pubmed
    ..The primary structures of these two proteins were not similar to each other. ..
  3. Chen Y, Fukuoka S, Makino S. A novel spore peptidoglycan hydrolase of Bacillus cereus: biochemical characterization and nucleotide sequence of the corresponding gene, sleL. J Bacteriol. 2000;182:1499-506 pubmed
    ..The B. subtilis genome sequence contains genes, yaaH and ydhD, which encode putative proteins showing similarity to SleL. ..
  4. Padas P, Wilson K, Vorgias C. The DNA-binding protein HU from mesophilic and thermophilic bacilli: gene cloning, overproduction and purification. Gene. 1992;117:39-44 pubmed
    ..An efficient purification scheme using cation-exchange chromatography and fast protein liquid chromatography is presented. This gives approx. 30-40 mg of more than 95% pure Bst HU per litre of E. coli culture. ..
  5. Driss F, Kallassy Awad M, Zouari N, Jaoua S. Molecular characterization of a novel chitinase from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki. J Appl Microbiol. 2005;99:945-53 pubmed
    ..coli. The addition of the sequence of chi255 to the few sequenced B. thuringiensis chi genes might contribute to a better investigation of the chitinase 'structure-function' relation. ..
  6. Henner D, Yang M, Chen E, Hellmiss R, Rodriguez H, Low M. Sequence of the Bacillus thuringiensis phosphatidylinositol specific phospholipase C. Nucleic Acids Res. 1988;16:10383 pubmed
  7. Malumbres M, Mateos L, Guerrero C, Martin J. Nucleotide sequence of the threonine synthase (thrC) gene of Brevibacterium lactofermentum. Nucleic Acids Res. 1988;16:9859 pubmed
  8. Zigha A, Rosenfeld E, Schmitt P, Duport C. Anaerobic cells of Bacillus cereus F4430/73 respond to low oxidoreduction potential by metabolic readjustments and activation of enterotoxin expression. Arch Microbiol. 2006;185:222-33 pubmed
    ..This control was complex, involving different levels of regulation. We discussed the regulation of enterotoxin expression and the involvement of the pleiotropic regulator PlcR. ..
  9. Satoh Y, Minamoto N, Tajima K, Munekata M. Polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase from Bacillus sp. INT005 is composed of PhaC and PhaR. J Biosci Bioeng. 2002;94:343-50 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, the PHA synthase has no lag phase. We hence concluded that the PHA synthase of Bacillus sp. INT005 consists of PhaC and PhaR, and has characteristics different from class III PHA synthase. ..
  10. Fedhila S, Guillemet E, Nel P, Lereclus D. Characterization of two Bacillus thuringiensis genes identified by in vivo screening of virulence factors. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004;70:4784-91 pubmed
    ..Overall, our findings suggest that the yqgB and yqfZ genes encode adaptive factors that may act in synergy, enabling the bacteria to cope with the physical environment in vivo, facilitating colonization of the host. ..
  11. Yutsudo T, Okumura K, Iwasaki M, Hara A, Kamitani S, Minamide W, et al. The gene encoding a new mitogenic factor in a Streptococcus pyogenes strain is distributed only in group A streptococci. Infect Immun. 1994;62:4000-4 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that mf is distributed specifically in group A streptococci and the presence of mf in clinical samples strongly suggests infection with group A streptococci. ..
  12. Du L, Wei J, Han L, Chen Z, Zhang J, Song F, et al. [Characterization of Bacillus thuringiensis sigK disruption mutant and its influence on activation of cry3A promoter]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2011;51:1177-84 pubmed
    ..The expression of crystal protein which was initiated by cry3A gene promoter in sigK disruption mutant could be used to develop high-efficiency and safe biological pesticides. ..
  13. Zhu K, Didier A, Dietrich R, Heilkenbrinker U, Waltenberger E, Jessberger N, et al. Formation of small transmembrane pores: An intermediate stage on the way to Bacillus cereus non-hemolytic enterotoxin (Nhe) full pores in the absence of NheA. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2016;469:613-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the NheBC complex itself has a tendency to increase the membrane permeability prior to the emergence of full pores containing also NheA. ..
  14. Perchat S, Talagas A, Poncet S, Lazar N, Li de la Sierra Gallay I, Gohar M, et al. How Quorum Sensing Connects Sporulation to Necrotrophism in Bacillus thuringiensis. PLoS Pathog. 2016;12:e1005779 pubmed publisher
    ..thuringiensis. NprR thus tightly coordinates sporulation and necrotrophism, ensuring survival and dissemination of the bacteria during host infection. ..
  15. Miyamoto T, Sayed M, Sasahara R, Sukimoto K, Umezaki A, Honjoh K, et al. Cloning and overexpression of Bacillus cereus penicillin-binding protein 3 gene in Escherichia coli. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2002;66:44-50 pubmed
    ..A protein was produced by the cells of E. coli carrying pET-pbp3. The produced protein migrated at about 75 kDa in SDS-polyacrylamide gel and strongly reacted with biotinylated ampicillin. ..
  16. Kizaki H, Hata Y, Watanabe K, Katsube Y, Suzuki Y. Polypeptide folding of Bacillus cereus ATCC7064 oligo-1,6-glucosidase revealed by 3.0 A resolution X-ray analysis. J Biochem. 1993;113:646-9 pubmed
    ..The bottom of the cleft is at the C-terminal end of the parallel beta-strands of the (alpha/beta)8-barrel. These structural features closely resemble those of alpha-amylases from Aspergillus oryzae and pig pancreas. ..
  17. Gavrilenko I, Baida G, Karpov A, Kuz min N. [Nucleotide sequence of phospholipase C and sphingomyelinase genes from Bacillus cereus BKM-B164]. Bioorg Khim. 1993;19:133-8 pubmed
  18. Malumbres M, Mateos L, Guerrero C, Martin J. Molecular cloning of the hom-thrC-thrB cluster from Bacillus sp. ULM1: expression of the thrC gene in Escherichia coli and corynebacteria, and evolutionary relationships of the threonine genes. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 1995;40:595-606 pubmed
    ..Amino acid comparison of nine threonine synthases revealed evolutionary relationships between different groups of bacteria. ..
  19. Ankarloo J, Zhang M, Lovgren A. Regulatory sequences of two flagellin genes in Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. alesti. Microbiology. 1996;142 ( Pt 2):315-20 pubmed
    ..Both flaA and flaB were found to be transcribed from sigma70-like promoters. In addition, the 3'-terminal half of flaA was cloned and sequenced, completing the sequence of flaA. ..
  20. Brown K, Whiteley H. Isolation of the second Bacillus thuringiensis RNA polymerase that transcribes from a crystal protein gene promoter. J Bacteriol. 1990;172:6682-8 pubmed
  21. Dunn M, Ellar D. Identification of two sequence elements associated with the gene encoding the 24-kDa crystalline component in Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. fukuokaensis: an example of transposable element archaeology. Plasmid. 1997;37:205-15 pubmed
    ..orfX and orfY are not bounded by terminal inverted repeats but are associated with a gene encoding a putative site-specific recombinase of a type found in Staphylococcus aureus Class II transposons but not previously in Bt. ..
  22. Tomita M, Nakai K, Yamada A, Taguchi R, Ikezawa H. Secondary structure of sphingomyelinase from Bacillus cereus. J Biochem. 1990;108:811-5 pubmed
    ..The partial homologies between the amino acid sequences of SMPLC and Clostridium perfringens alpha-toxin (phospholipase C) are discussed. ..
  23. Hudspeth D, Vary P. spoVG sequence of Bacillus megaterium and Bacillus subtilis (Biochim. Biophys. Acta Vol. 1130, No. 2 (1992) 229-231 (BBAEXP 90336)). Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993;1216:509 pubmed
  24. Adams L, Brown K, Whiteley H. Molecular cloning and characterization of two genes encoding sigma factors that direct transcription from a Bacillus thuringiensis crystal protein gene promoter. J Bacteriol. 1991;173:3846-54 pubmed
    ..subtilis. However, unlike the situation for sigma K in B. subtilis, the homologous sigma 28 gene in B. thuringiensis does not result from a late-sporulation-phase chromosomal rearrangement of two separate, partial genes...
  25. Lee C, Kim M, Park J, Jeon B, Yoon S, Hong M. Crystal structure of the flagellar chaperone FliS from Bacillus cereus and an invariant proline critical for FliS dimerization and flagellin recognition. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017;487:381-387 pubmed publisher
    ..cereus FliS) was identified in all known FliS sequences between the N-terminal region and the four-helix bundle. The N-terminal proline residue functions as a helix breaker critical for FliS dimerization and flagellin recognition. ..
  26. Zhu L, Peng Q, Song F, Jiang Y, Sun C, Zhang J, et al. Structure and regulation of the gab gene cluster, involved in the gamma-aminobutyric acid shunt, are controlled by a sigma54 factor in Bacillus thuringiensis. J Bacteriol. 2010;192:346-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the expression of the gab cluster is regulated by a sigma(54) factor by way of the transcription activator GabR...
  27. Bouillaut L, Ramarao N, Buisson C, Gilois N, Gohar M, Lereclus D, et al. FlhA influences Bacillus thuringiensis PlcR-regulated gene transcription, protein production, and virulence. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2005;71:8903-10 pubmed publisher
    ..The decrease in virulence may be due to both a lack of flagella and a lower production of secreted factors. Hence, FlhA appears to be an essential virulence factor with a pleiotropic role...
  28. Kovalevskiy O, Lebedev A, Surin A, Solonin A, Antson A. Crystal structure of Bacillus cereus HlyIIR, a transcriptional regulator of the gene for pore-forming toxin hemolysin II. J Mol Biol. 2007;365:825-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on structural data and previous biochemical evidence, we propose a model for HlyIIR interaction with the DNA...
  29. Fagerlund A, Ween O, Lund T, Hardy S, Granum P. Genetic and functional analysis of the cytK family of genes in Bacillus cereus. Microbiology. 2004;150:2689-97 pubmed publisher
    ..It is likely that CytK-2 toxins contribute to the enterotoxicity of several strains of B. cereus, although not all of the CytK-2 toxins may be as harmful as the CytK-1 originally isolated...
  30. Antonov I, Coakley A, Atkins J, Baranov P, Borodovsky M. Identification of the nature of reading frame transitions observed in prokaryotic genomes. Nucleic Acids Res. 2013;41:6514-30 pubmed publisher
  31. Ryan P, Macmillan J, Zilinskas B. Molecular cloning and characterization of the genes encoding the L1 and L2 components of hemolysin BL from Bacillus cereus. J Bacteriol. 1997;179:2551-6 pubmed
  32. Maruyama R, Nishizawa M, Itoi Y, Ito S, Inoue M. Isolation and expression of a Bacillus cereus gene encoding benzil reductase. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2001;75:630-3 pubmed
  33. Heinrichs J, Beecher D, Macmillan J, Zilinskas B. Molecular cloning and characterization of the hblA gene encoding the B component of hemolysin BL from Bacillus cereus. J Bacteriol. 1993;175:6760-6 pubmed
    ..Higher levels of expression and disruption of the hblA gene are being pursued to resolve whether hemolysin BL is indeed the enterotoxin...
  34. Khan S, Banerjee Bhatnagar N. Loss of catabolite repression function of HPr, the phosphocarrier protein of the bacterial phosphotransferase system, affects expression of the cry4A toxin gene in Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis. J Bacteriol. 2002;184:5410-7 pubmed
    ..There was a 60 to 70% reduction in the sporulation efficiency of the mutant B. thuringiensis subsp. israelensis strain compared to the wild-type strain...
  35. Thorsen L, Hansen B, Nielsen K, Hendriksen N, Phipps R, Budde B. Characterization of emetic Bacillus weihenstephanensis, a new cereulide-producing bacterium. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:5118-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The strains are atypical with regard to pheno- and genotypic characteristics normally used for identification of emetic B. cereus strains. MC67 and MC118 produced cereulide at temperatures of as low as 8 degrees C...
  36. Di Franco C, Beccari E, Santini T, Pisaneschi G, Tecce G. Colony shape as a genetic trait in the pattern-forming Bacillus mycoides. BMC Microbiol. 2002;2:33 pubmed
  37. Ghelardi E, Celandroni F, Salvetti S, Beecher D, Gominet M, Lereclus D, et al. Requirement of flhA for swarming differentiation, flagellin export, and secretion of virulence-associated proteins in Bacillus thuringiensis. J Bacteriol. 2002;184:6424-33 pubmed
    ..thuringiensis may be coordinately regulated by flhA, which appears to play a crucial role in the export of flagellar as well as nonflagellar proteins...
  38. Kim A, Baker A, Dunaway Mariano D, Metcalf W, Wanner B, Martin B. The 2-aminoethylphosphonate-specific transaminase of the 2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation pathway. J Bacteriol. 2002;184:4134-40 pubmed
    ..Site-directed mutagenesis demonstrated the importance of three selected residues (Asp168, Lys194, and Arg340) in AEPT catalysis...
  39. Miles G, Bayley H, Cheley S. Properties of Bacillus cereus hemolysin II: a heptameric transmembrane pore. Protein Sci. 2002;11:1813-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Although they share limited primary sequence identity (30%), these data confirm that HlyII is a structural and functional homolog of staphylococcal alpha-hemolysin...
  40. Reimmann C, Ginet N, Michel L, Keel C, Michaux P, Krishnapillai V, et al. Genetically programmed autoinducer destruction reduces virulence gene expression and swarming motility in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. Microbiology. 2002;148:923-32 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, introduction of an AHL degradation gene into P. aeruginosa could block cell-cell communication and exoproduct formation, but failed to interfere with surface colonization...
  41. Suzuki Y, Yoda T, Ruhul A, Sugiura W. Molecular cloning and characterization of the gene coding for azoreductase from Bacillus sp. OY1-2 isolated from soil. J Biol Chem. 2001;276:9059-65 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report describing the sequencing and characterization of a gene encoding the azo dye-reducing enzyme, azoreductase, from aerobic bacteria and its expression in E. coli...
  42. Gilmore M, Cruz Rodz A, Leimeister W chter M, Kreft J, Goebel W. A Bacillus cereus cytolytic determinant, cereolysin AB, which comprises the phospholipase C and sphingomyelinase genes: nucleotide sequence and genetic linkage. J Bacteriol. 1989;171:744-53 pubmed
    ..subtilis host. The 3' open reading frame encoded a sphingomyelinase. The two tandemly encoded activities, phospholipase C and sphingomyelinase, constitute a biologically functional cytolytic determinant of B. cereus termed cereolysin AB...
  43. Dalhammar G, Steiner H. Characterization of inhibitor A, a protease from Bacillus thuringiensis which degrades attacins and cecropins, two classes of antibacterial proteins in insects. Eur J Biochem. 1984;139:247-52 pubmed
    ..The specificity of the enzyme is explained in terms of the open structure of the cecropins and a pronounced inability of inhibitor A to attack globular proteins...
  44. Hosaka T, Ui S, Ohtsuki T, Mimura A, Ohkuma M, Kudo T. Characterization of the NADH-linked acetylacetoin reductase/2,3-butanediol dehydrogenase gene from Bacillus cereus YUF-4. J Biosci Bioeng. 2001;91:539-44 pubmed
    ..These findings indicated that the AACRII/BDH could be considered a new type of BDH...
  45. Sorokin A, Candelon B, Guilloux K, Galleron N, Wackerow Kouzova N, Ehrlich S, et al. Multiple-locus sequence typing analysis of Bacillus cereus and Bacillus thuringiensis reveals separate clustering and a distinct population structure of psychrotrophic strains. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:1569-78 pubmed publisher
    ..B. weihenstephanensis (cluster W) strains appear to comprise an effectively sexual population, whereas Bacillus thuringiensis (cluster T) and B. cereus (cluster C) have clonal population structures...
  46. Clements M, Moir A. Role of the gerI operon of Bacillus cereus 569 in the response of spores to germinants. J Bacteriol. 1998;180:6729-35 pubmed
    ..The GerIA protein is predicted to possess an unusually long, charged, N-terminal domain containing nine tandem copies of a 13-amino-acid glutamine- and serine-rich sequence...
  47. Hudspeth D, Vary P. spoVG sequence of Bacillus megaterium and Bacillus subtilis. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992;1130:229-31 pubmed
    ..6% amino acid identity. Both genes have putative rho-independent terminators. No significant amino acid or nucleotide homology of either gene was found when compared with sequences contained in either the Genbank or EMBL data bases...
  48. Watanabe K, Hata Y, Kizaki H, Katsube Y, Suzuki Y. The refined crystal structure of Bacillus cereus oligo-1,6-glucosidase at 2.0 A resolution: structural characterization of proline-substitution sites for protein thermostabilization. J Mol Biol. 1997;269:142-53 pubmed publisher
    ..This well supports the previous finding that the replacement at the appropriate positions in beta-turns or alpha-helices is the most effective for protein thermostabilization by proline substitution...
  49. Luna V, King D, Peak K, Reeves F, Heberlein Larson L, Veguilla W, et al. Bacillus anthracis virulent plasmid pX02 genes found in large plasmids of two other Bacillus species. J Clin Microbiol. 2006;44:2367-77 pubmed publisher
    ..anthracis alerts us to the necessity of identifying additional sequences that will signal the presence of B. anthracis in clinical, forensic, and environmental samples...
  50. Yamada A, Tsukagoshi N, Udaka S, Sasaki T, Makino S, Nakamura S, et al. Nucleotide sequence and expression in Escherichia coli of the gene coding for sphingomyelinase of Bacillus cereus. Eur J Biochem. 1988;175:213-20 pubmed
    ..The enzymatic activity toward sphingomyelin was enhanced 20-30-fold in the presence of MgCl2, and the adsorption of the enzyme onto erythrocyte membranes was accelerated in the presence of CaCl2...
  51. Granum P, Nissen H. Sphingomyelinase is part of the 'enterotoxin complex' produced by Bacillus cereus. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1993;110:97-100 pubmed
  52. Malvar T, Baum J. Tn5401 disruption of the spo0F gene, identified by direct chromosomal sequencing, results in CryIIIA overproduction in Bacillus thuringiensis. J Bacteriol. 1994;176:4750-3 pubmed
    ..thuringiensis transposon insertion library. A spo0F defect in B. thuringiensis, which was suppressed by multicopy hknA or kinA, resulted in the overproduction of the CryIIIA insecticidal crystal protein...
  53. Malvar T, Gawron Burke C, Baum J. Overexpression of Bacillus thuringiensis HknA, a histidine protein kinase homology, bypasses early Spo mutations that result in CryIIIA overproduction. J Bacteriol. 1994;176:4742-9 pubmed
    ..thuringiensis sporulation. We also propose that the CryIIIA-overproducing phenotype of strain EG1351 is most likely due to a defect in the phosphorylation of Spo0A and confirm that CryIIIA production is not dependent on sporulation...
  54. Baum J. Tn5401, a new class II transposable element from Bacillus thuringiensis. J Bacteriol. 1994;176:2835-45 pubmed
    ..The same element is contained within the 53-bp terminal inverted repeats, thus accounting for their unusual lengths and suggesting an additional role for TnpI in regulating Tn5401 transposition...
  55. Baida G, Kuzmin N. Cloning and primary structure of a new hemolysin gene from Bacillus cereus. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1995;1264:151-4 pubmed
    ..Shiba, A., Seo, S., Yamamoto, J., Matsuyama, J. and Miwatani, T. (1991) FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 79, 205-210)...
  56. Bailey Smith K, Todd S, Southworth T, Proctor J, Moir A. The ExsA protein of Bacillus cereus is required for assembly of coat and exosporium onto the spore surface. J Bacteriol. 2005;187:3800-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The exsA gene is extremely important for the normal assembly and anchoring of both the spore coat and exosporium layers in spores of B. cereus...
  57. L vgren A, Zhang M, Engstr m A, Dalhammar G, Land n R. Molecular characterization of immune inhibitor A, a secreted virulence protease from Bacillus thuringiensis. Mol Microbiol. 1990;4:2137-46 pubmed
    ..The LD50 dose of purified InA protein injected in T. ni larvae was 12.5 +/- 2.5 ng per mg of larval body weight...
  58. Dong Y, Gusti A, Zhang Q, Xu J, Zhang L. Identification of quorum-quenching N-acyl homoserine lactonases from Bacillus species. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68:1754-9 pubmed
    ..Sequence comparison of the gene products and motif analysis showed that the gene products belong to the same family of AHL lactonases...
  59. Carlier A, Uroz S, Smadja B, Fray R, Latour X, Dessaux Y, et al. The Ti plasmid of Agrobacterium tumefaciens harbors an attM-paralogous gene, aiiB, also encoding N-Acyl homoserine lactonase activity. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003;69:4989-93 pubmed
    ..In Erwinia strain 6276, the lactonases reduced the endogenous acyl-HSL level and the bacterial virulence in planta...
  60. Nishiwaki H, Ito K, Otsuki K, Yamamoto H, Komai K, Matsuda K. Purification and functional characterization of insecticidal sphingomyelinase C produced by Bacillus cereus. Eur J Biochem. 2004;271:601-6 pubmed
  61. Kim H, Sherman D, Johnson F, Aronson A. Characterization of a major Bacillus anthracis spore coat protein and its role in spore inactivation. J Bacteriol. 2004;186:2413-7 pubmed
    ..Since Cot alpha is an abundant outer spore coat protein of the B. cereus group with a prominent role in spore resistance and sensitivity, it is a promising target for the inactivation of B. anthracis spores...
  62. Slamti L, Perchat S, Gominet M, Vilas B as G, Fouet A, Mock M, et al. Distinct mutations in PlcR explain why some strains of the Bacillus cereus group are nonhemolytic. J Bacteriol. 2004;186:3531-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We also found that the plcR genes of three B. anthracis strains belonging to different phylogenetic groups contained the same nonsense mutation, suggesting that this mutation is a distinctive trait of this species...
  63. Thackray P, Behravan J, Southworth T, Moir A. GerN, an antiporter homologue important in germination of Bacillus cereus endospores. J Bacteriol. 2001;183:476-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Since germination in suboptimal concentrations of L-alanine shows a delay, additional germination transporters may be required for optimal response at low germinant concentrations...
  64. Alseth I, Rognes T, Lindb ck T, Solberg I, Robertsen K, Kristiansen K, et al. A new protein superfamily includes two novel 3-methyladenine DNA glycosylases from Bacillus cereus, AlkC and AlkD. Mol Microbiol. 2006;59:1602-9 pubmed publisher
    ..B. cereus AlkC and AlkD thus define novel families of alkylbase DNA glycosylases within a new protein superfamily...
  65. Daffonchio D, Raddadi N, Merabishvili M, Cherif A, Carmagnola L, Brusetti L, et al. Strategy for identification of Bacillus cereus and Bacillus thuringiensis strains closely related to Bacillus anthracis. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:1295-301 pubmed publisher
    ..anthracis. SNP in ITS containing tRNA genes combined with RSI-PCR provide a very efficient tool for the identification of strains closely related to B. anthracis...
  66. Baida G, Budarina Z, Kuzmin N, Solonin A. Complete nucleotide sequence and molecular characterization of hemolysin II gene from Bacillus cereus. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1999;180:7-14 pubmed
    ..The data suggest that hemolysin II belongs to the group of beta-channel forming cytolysins...
  67. Barboza Corona J, Nieto Mazzocco E, Vel zquez Robledo R, Salcedo Hernandez R, Bautista M, Jim nez B, et al. Cloning, sequencing, and expression of the chitinase gene chiA74 from Bacillus thuringiensis. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003;69:1023-9 pubmed
    ..79 and 6.34. The optimal temperature was estimated at 57.2 degrees C when tested at pH 6. The potential use of ChiA74 as a synergistic agent, along with the B. thuringiensis insecticidal Cry proteins, is discussed...
  68. Grandvalet C, Gominet M, Lereclus D. Identification of genes involved in the activation of the Bacillus thuringiensis inhA metalloprotease gene at the onset of sporulation. Microbiology. 2001;147:1805-13 pubmed publisher
    ..subtilis indicates that the Spo0A-dependent regulation of inhA expression depends on AbrB, which is known to regulate expression of transition state and sporulation genes in B. subtilis...
  69. Majewski J, Cohan F. DNA sequence similarity requirements for interspecific recombination in Bacillus. Genetics. 1999;153:1525-33 pubmed
    ..They also suggest a model for rapid spread of novel adaptations, such as antibiotic resistance genes, among related species...
  70. Espinasse S, Gohar M, Lereclus D, Sanchis V. An ABC transporter from Bacillus thuringiensis is essential for beta-exotoxin I production. J Bacteriol. 2002;184:5848-54 pubmed
    ..thuringiensis adds an adenine nucleotide analog to the wide range of substrates of the superfamily of ABC proteins. We suggest that berAB confers beta-exotoxin I immunity in B. thuringiensis, through active efflux of the molecule...
  71. Tan Y, Donovan W. Deletion of aprA and nprA genes for alkaline protease A and neutral protease A from bacillus thuringiensis: effect on insecticidal crystal proteins. J Biotechnol. 2001;84:67-72 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that enhanced yield of certain crystal proteins can be obtained by deletion of the genes aprA and nprA which are the major extracellular proteases of B. thuringiensis...
  72. Wilson K, Vorgias C, Tanaka I, White S, Kimura M. The thermostability of DNA-binding protein HU from bacilli. Protein Eng. 1990;4:11-22 pubmed
    ..stearothermophilus HU. The current model for the interaction of the protein with DNA is only discussed in terms of its relevance with regard to thermostability...
  73. Barlass P, Houston C, Clements M, Moir A. Germination of Bacillus cereus spores in response to L-alanine and to inosine: the roles of gerL and gerQ operons. Microbiology. 2002;148:2089-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Although near-identical homologues of gerI and gerL operons are evident in the Bacillus anthracis genome sequence, there is no evidence of a close homologue of gerQ...