Bacillus anthracis str. Sterne

Summary

Alias: Bacillus anthracis (strain Sterne), Bacillus anthracis Sterne

Top Publications

  1. Sidler W, Niederer E, Suter F, Zuber H. The primary structure of Bacillus cereus neutral proteinase and comparison with thermolysin and Bacillus subtilis neutral proteinase. Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1986;367:643-57 pubmed
  2. Gavrilenko I, Baida G, Karpov A, Kuz min N. [Nucleotide sequence of phospholipase C and sphingomyelinase genes from Bacillus cereus BKM-B164]. Bioorg Khim. 1993;19:133-8 pubmed
  3. Satoh Y, Minamoto N, Tajima K, Munekata M. Polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase from Bacillus sp. INT005 is composed of PhaC and PhaR. J Biosci Bioeng. 2002;94:343-50 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, the PHA synthase has no lag phase. We hence concluded that the PHA synthase of Bacillus sp. INT005 consists of PhaC and PhaR, and has characteristics different from class III PHA synthase. ..
  4. Kim S, Park M, Kim S, Oh K, Jung K, Hong C, et al. Identification of stringent response-related and potential serological proteins released from Bacillus anthracis overexpressing the RelA/SpoT homolog, Rsh Bant. Curr Microbiol. 2014;69:436-44 pubmed publisher
    ..anthracis, resulting in the significant changes in its secretome profiling. The stringent response-controlled proteins identified are likely useful as potential targets for serodiagnostic applications. ..
  5. Gilmore M, Cruz Rodz A, Leimeister W chter M, Kreft J, Goebel W. A Bacillus cereus cytolytic determinant, cereolysin AB, which comprises the phospholipase C and sphingomyelinase genes: nucleotide sequence and genetic linkage. J Bacteriol. 1989;171:744-53 pubmed
    ..subtilis host. The 3' open reading frame encoded a sphingomyelinase. The two tandemly encoded activities, phospholipase C and sphingomyelinase, constitute a biologically functional cytolytic determinant of B. cereus termed cereolysin AB...
  6. Zigha A, Rosenfeld E, Schmitt P, Duport C. Anaerobic cells of Bacillus cereus F4430/73 respond to low oxidoreduction potential by metabolic readjustments and activation of enterotoxin expression. Arch Microbiol. 2006;185:222-33 pubmed
    ..This control was complex, involving different levels of regulation. We discussed the regulation of enterotoxin expression and the involvement of the pleiotropic regulator PlcR. ..
  7. Lim H, Pène J, Shaw R. Cloning, nucleotide sequence, and expression of the Bacillus cereus 5/B/6 beta-lactamase II structural gene. J Bacteriol. 1988;170:2873-8 pubmed
    ..cereus 569/H (M. Hussain, C. Anthony, M. J. Madonna, and J. O. Lampen, J. Bacteriol. 164: 223-229, 1985) to document amino acid differences contributing to the specific properties of these enzymes. ..
  8. Wang Y, Missiakas D, Schneewind O. GneZ, a UDP-GlcNAc 2-epimerase, is required for S-layer assembly and vegetative growth of Bacillus anthracis. J Bacteriol. 2014;196:2969-78 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast to vegetative growth, neither germination of B. anthracis spores nor the formation of spores in mother cells required UDP-GlcNAc 2-epimerase activity. ..
  9. Beck A, Dijk J, Reinhardt R. Ribosomal proteins and DNA-binding protein II from the extreme thermophile Bacillus caldolyticus. Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1987;368:121-30 pubmed
    ..Tetragonal and monoclinic crystals of DNA-binding protein II have been obtained which are suitable for X-ray studies and the diffraction patterns of the two crystal forms are shown. ..

More Information

Publications113 found, 100 shown here

  1. Johansen T, Holm T, Guddal P, Sletten K, Haugli F, Little C. Cloning and sequencing of the gene encoding the phosphatidylcholine-preferring phospholipase C of Bacillus cereus. Gene. 1988;65:293-304 pubmed
    ..coli. The cloning and sequencing described here complete the first step toward using in vitro mutagenesis for investigations of the structure-function relationships of B. cereus phospholipase C. ..
  2. Yutsudo T, Okumura K, Iwasaki M, Hara A, Kamitani S, Minamide W, et al. The gene encoding a new mitogenic factor in a Streptococcus pyogenes strain is distributed only in group A streptococci. Infect Immun. 1994;62:4000-4 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that mf is distributed specifically in group A streptococci and the presence of mf in clinical samples strongly suggests infection with group A streptococci. ..
  3. Chen Y, Fukuoka S, Makino S. A novel spore peptidoglycan hydrolase of Bacillus cereus: biochemical characterization and nucleotide sequence of the corresponding gene, sleL. J Bacteriol. 2000;182:1499-506 pubmed
    ..The B. subtilis genome sequence contains genes, yaaH and ydhD, which encode putative proteins showing similarity to SleL. ..
  4. Lim H, Pène J. Mutations affecting the catalytic activity of Bacillus cereus 5/B/6 beta-lactamase II. J Biol Chem. 1989;264:11682-7 pubmed
    ..Oligonucleotide mutagenesis directed at Glu37 and Glu212 suggests that these residues are inconsequential to enzyme function but that histidine at position 28 may be involved in substrate binding or recognition. ..
  5. Lechner M, Kupke T, Stefanovic S, Gotz F. Molecular characterization and sequence of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C of Bacillus thuringiensis. Mol Microbiol. 1989;3:621-6 pubmed
    ..The enzyme from the E. coli recombinant shows no activity on other phospholipids and sphingomyelin. The cleaving specificity of PI-PLC was examined by thin layer chromatography. ..
  6. Sun D, Setlow P. Cloning and nucleotide sequencing of genes for a second type of small, acid-soluble spore proteins of Bacillus cereus, Bacillus stearothermophilus, and "Thermoactinomyces thalpophilus". J Bacteriol. 1987;169:3088-93 pubmed
    ..However, all five B-type SASP did contain a large (27 to 35-residue), rather well-conserved amino acid sequence repeat, and four of the five proteins had well-conserved regions of 14 to 17 amino acids which appeared three times. ..
  7. Mesnage S, Tosi Couture E, Mock M, Gounon P, Fouet A. Molecular characterization of the Bacillus anthracis main S-layer component: evidence that it is the major cell-associated antigen. Mol Microbiol. 1997;23:1147-55 pubmed
    ..Electron microscopy studies and in vivo experiments with the constructed mutants showed that EA1 constitutes the main lattice of the B. anthracis S-layer, and is the major cell-associated antigen...
  8. Mesnage S, Fontaine T, Mignot T, Delepierre M, Mock M, Fouet A. Bacterial SLH domain proteins are non-covalently anchored to the cell surface via a conserved mechanism involving wall polysaccharide pyruvylation. EMBO J. 2000;19:4473-84 pubmed publisher
    ..This observation and the presence of pyruvate in the cell wall of the corresponding bacteria suggest that the mechanism described in this study is widespread among bacteria...
  9. Green K, Biswas T, Chang C, Wu R, Chen W, Janes B, et al. Biochemical and structural analysis of an Eis family aminoglycoside acetyltransferase from bacillus anthracis. Biochemistry. 2015;54:3197-206 pubmed publisher
    ..The unique specificity features of these enzymes can be utilized as tools for developing AGs with novel modifications and help guide specific AG treatments to avoid Eis-mediated resistance. ..
  10. Gopalani M, Dhiman A, Rahi A, Kandari D, Bhatnagar R. Identification, Functional Characterization and Regulon Prediction of a Novel Two Component System Comprising BAS0540-BAS0541 of Bacillus anthracis. PLoS ONE. 2016;11:e0158895 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, this study characterizes a novel TCS of B. anthracis and elucidates its role in two of the most important physiological processes of the pathogen: cell division and sporulation. ..
  11. Joon S, Gopalani M, Rahi A, Kulshreshtha P, Gogoi H, Bhatnagar S, et al. Biochemical characterization of the GTP-sensing protein, CodY of Bacillus anthracis. Pathog Dis. 2017;75: pubmed publisher
    ..Altogether, these observations provide us an insight into the mechanism of action of this global regulator and a better understanding of its functional regulation. ..
  12. Padas P, Wilson K, Vorgias C. The DNA-binding protein HU from mesophilic and thermophilic bacilli: gene cloning, overproduction and purification. Gene. 1992;117:39-44 pubmed
    ..An efficient purification scheme using cation-exchange chromatography and fast protein liquid chromatography is presented. This gives approx. 30-40 mg of more than 95% pure Bst HU per litre of E. coli culture. ..
  13. Lim H, Iyer R, Pène J. Site-directed mutagenesis of dicarboxylic acids near the active site of Bacillus cereus 5/B/6 beta-lactamase II. Biochem J. 1991;276 ( Pt 2):401-4 pubmed
    ..Conversion of Asp90 into Asn90 or Glu90 lead to the synthesis of inactive enzyme, suggesting that the spatial position of the beta-carboxy group of Asp90 is critical for enzyme function. ..
  14. Johansen T, Haugli F, Ikezawa H, Little C. Bacillus cereus strain SE-1: nucleotide sequence of the sphingomyelinase C gene. Nucleic Acids Res. 1988;16:10370 pubmed
  15. Sutton B, Artymiuk P, Cordero Borboa A, Little C, Phillips D, Waley S. An X-ray-crystallographic study of beta-lactamase II from Bacillus cereus at 0.35 nm resolution. Biochem J. 1987;248:181-8 pubmed
    ..The structure of the apoenzyme at this resolution appears to differ from that of the Cd(II)-enzyme only in the orientation of two of the histidine residues and the cysteine residue that surround the metal ion. ..
  16. Malvar T, Gawron Burke C, Baum J. Overexpression of Bacillus thuringiensis HknA, a histidine protein kinase homology, bypasses early Spo mutations that result in CryIIIA overproduction. J Bacteriol. 1994;176:4742-9 pubmed
    ..thuringiensis sporulation. We also propose that the CryIIIA-overproducing phenotype of strain EG1351 is most likely due to a defect in the phosphorylation of Spo0A and confirm that CryIIIA production is not dependent on sporulation...
  17. Thompson B, Hoelscher B, Driks A, Stewart G. Localization and assembly of the novel exosporium protein BetA of Bacillus anthracis. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:5098-104 pubmed publisher
    ..These data suggest that BetA is a member of a growing family of exosporium proteins that assemble under the control of targeting sequences in their N termini. ..
  18. Wang W, Mezes P, Yang Y, Blacher R, Lampen J. Cloning and sequencing of the beta-lactamase I gene of Bacillus cereus 5/B and its expression in Bacillus subtilis. J Bacteriol. 1985;163:487-92 pubmed
    ..subtilis BD170(pRWY215) is His-44, which is the same as the NH2 terminus of the major 569/H product from B. subtilis BD170(pRWM5). ..
  19. Malumbres M, Mateos L, Guerrero C, Martin J. Nucleotide sequence of the threonine synthase (thrC) gene of Brevibacterium lactofermentum. Nucleic Acids Res. 1988;16:9859 pubmed
  20. Kizaki H, Hata Y, Watanabe K, Katsube Y, Suzuki Y. Polypeptide folding of Bacillus cereus ATCC7064 oligo-1,6-glucosidase revealed by 3.0 A resolution X-ray analysis. J Biochem. 1993;113:646-9 pubmed
    ..The bottom of the cleft is at the C-terminal end of the parallel beta-strands of the (alpha/beta)8-barrel. These structural features closely resemble those of alpha-amylases from Aspergillus oryzae and pig pancreas. ..
  21. Mayr B, Kaplan T, Lechner S, Scherer S. Identification and purification of a family of dimeric major cold shock protein homologs from the psychrotrophic Bacillus cereus WSBC 10201. J Bacteriol. 1996;178:2916-25 pubmed
    ..At higher salt concentrations, they dissociate into their monomers. Their ability to bind to the ATTGG motif of single-stranded oligonucleotides was demonstrated by band shift analysis. ..
  22. Miyamoto T, Sayed M, Sasahara R, Sukimoto K, Umezaki A, Honjoh K, et al. Cloning and overexpression of Bacillus cereus penicillin-binding protein 3 gene in Escherichia coli. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2002;66:44-50 pubmed
    ..A protein was produced by the cells of E. coli carrying pET-pbp3. The produced protein migrated at about 75 kDa in SDS-polyacrylamide gel and strongly reacted with biotinylated ampicillin. ..
  23. Fedhila S, Guillemet E, Nel P, Lereclus D. Characterization of two Bacillus thuringiensis genes identified by in vivo screening of virulence factors. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004;70:4784-91 pubmed
    ..Overall, our findings suggest that the yqgB and yqfZ genes encode adaptive factors that may act in synergy, enabling the bacteria to cope with the physical environment in vivo, facilitating colonization of the host. ..
  24. Dong S, Chesnokova O, Turnbough C, Pritchard D. Identification of the UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 4-epimerase involved in exosporium protein glycosylation in Bacillus anthracis. J Bacteriol. 2009;191:7094-101 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, we demonstrated that the expression of the BAS5304 gene occurred in a biphasic manner during both the early and late stages of sporulation...
  25. Wetmore D, Wong S, Roche R. The role of the pro-sequence in the processing and secretion of the thermolysin-like neutral protease from Bacillus cereus. Mol Microbiol. 1992;6:1593-604 pubmed
    ..N-terminal analysis of the mutant mature protein demonstrates that the processing site is unaltered by the pro-sequence deletion. The deletion must, therefore, modulate the kinetics of processing and/or secretion of the pro-protein. ..
  26. Malumbres M, Mateos L, Guerrero C, Martin J. Molecular cloning of the hom-thrC-thrB cluster from Bacillus sp. ULM1: expression of the thrC gene in Escherichia coli and corynebacteria, and evolutionary relationships of the threonine genes. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 1995;40:595-606 pubmed
    ..Amino acid comparison of nine threonine synthases revealed evolutionary relationships between different groups of bacteria. ..
  27. Arora N, Ahmad T, Rajagopal R, Bhatnagar R. A constitutively expressed 36 kDa exochitinase from Bacillus thuringiensis HD-1. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003;307:620-5 pubmed
    ..The expressed 36 kDa chitinase potentiated the insecticidal effect of the vegetative insecticidal protein (Vip) when used against neonate larvae of Spodoptera litura...
  28. Lister S, Wetmore D, Roche R, Codding P. E144S active-site mutant of the Bacillus cereus thermolysin-like neutral protease at 2.8 A resolution. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 1996;52:543-50 pubmed
    ..Res. 21, 333-340]. We suggest that the residual activity of the E144S mutant arises from a water molecule, which is found within hydrogen-bonding distance of Ser144, acting as a general base in the catalytic function of the mutant. ..
  29. Maruyama R, Nishizawa M, Itoi Y, Ito S, Inoue M. Isolation and expression of a Bacillus cereus gene encoding benzil reductase. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2001;75:630-3 pubmed
  30. Skaar E, Gaspar A, Schneewind O. Bacillus anthracis IsdG, a heme-degrading monooxygenase. J Bacteriol. 2006;188:1071-80 pubmed publisher
    ..anthracis utilization of hemin as a sole iron source, and it is also necessary for bacterial protection against heme-mediated toxicity. These data suggest that IsdG functions as a heme-degrading monooxygenase in B. anthracis...
  31. Bennett B, Wan Q, Ahmad M, Langan P, Dealwis C. X-ray structure of the ternary MTX.NADPH complex of the anthrax dihydrofolate reductase: a pharmacophore for dual-site inhibitor design. J Struct Biol. 2009;166:162-71 pubmed
    ..The apparent Kd for one of these, (2-(3-(2-(hydroxyimino)-2-(pyridine-4-yl)-6,7-dimethylquinoxalin-2-yl)-1-(pyridine-4-yl)ethanone oxime), was measured by fluorescence spectroscopy to be 5.3 microM...
  32. Wang S, Moyne A, Thottappilly G, Wu S, Locy R, Singh N. Purification and characterization of a Bacillus cereus exochitinase. Enzyme Microb Technol. 2001;28:492-498 pubmed
    ..The N-terminal sequence of Chi36 demonstrated highest similarity with Bacillus circulans WL-12 chitinase D and significant similarity with several other bacterial chitinases...
  33. Chen Y, Succi J, Tenover F, Koehler T. Beta-lactamase genes of the penicillin-susceptible Bacillus anthracis Sterne strain. J Bacteriol. 2003;185:823-30 pubmed
    ..anthracis Sterne strain encode functional beta-lactamases of different types, but gene expression is usually not sufficient to confer resistance to beta-lactam agents...
  34. Williams R, Rees M, Jacobs M, Pr gai Z, Thwaite J, Baillie L, et al. Production of Bacillus anthracis protective antigen is dependent on the extracellular chaperone, PrsA. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:18056-62 pubmed publisher
    ..anthracis PrsA proteins (PrsAA, PrsAB, and PrsAC) that are able to complement the activity of B. subtilis PrsA with respect to cell viability and rPA secretion, as well as that of AmyQ, a protein previously shown to be PrsA-dependent...
  35. Thorsen L, Hansen B, Nielsen K, Hendriksen N, Phipps R, Budde B. Characterization of emetic Bacillus weihenstephanensis, a new cereulide-producing bacterium. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:5118-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The strains are atypical with regard to pheno- and genotypic characteristics normally used for identification of emetic B. cereus strains. MC67 and MC118 produced cereulide at temperatures of as low as 8 degrees C...
  36. Valderas M, Andi B, Barrow W, Cook P. Examination of intrinsic sulfonamide resistance in Bacillus anthracis: a novel assay for dihydropteroate synthase. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008;1780:848-53 pubmed publisher
    ..anthracis DHPS results in part from the use of the sulfonamides as alternative substrates, resulting in the formation of sulfonamide-pterin adducts, and not necessarily due to an inability to bind them...
  37. Balderas M, Nobles C, Honsa E, Alicki E, Maresso A. Hal Is a Bacillus anthracis heme acquisition protein. J Bacteriol. 2012;194:5513-21 pubmed
    ..These studies advance our understanding of heme acquisition by this dangerous pathogen and justify efforts to determine the mechanistic function of this novel protein for vaccine or inhibitor development. ..
  38. McGillivray S, Ebrahimi C, Fisher N, Sabet M, Zhang D, Chen Y, et al. ClpX contributes to innate defense peptide resistance and virulence phenotypes of Bacillus anthracis. J Innate Immun. 2009;1:494-506 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that ClpX is an important factor allowing B. anthracis to subvert host immune clearance mechanisms, and thus represents a novel therapeutic target for prevention or therapy of anthrax, a foremost biodefense concern...
  39. McPherson S, Li M, Kearney J, Turnbough C. ExsB, an unusually highly phosphorylated protein required for the stable attachment of the exosporium of Bacillus anthracis. Mol Microbiol. 2010;76:1527-38 pubmed publisher
  40. Ahn J, Chandramohan L, Liou L, Bayles K. Characterization of CidR-mediated regulation in Bacillus anthracis reveals a previously undetected role of S-layer proteins as murein hydrolases. Mol Microbiol. 2006;62:1158-69 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of these studies not only establish the existence of the cid and lrg murein hydrolase regulatory network in B. anthracis, but also help to define the function and regulation of the S-layer proteins...
  41. Bennett B, Xu H, Simmerman R, Lee R, Dealwis C. Crystal structure of the anthrax drug target, Bacillus anthracis dihydrofolate reductase. J Med Chem. 2007;50:4374-81 pubmed publisher
    ..anthracis folate synthesis enzyme, dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS), can also inhibit baDHFR. This provides a starting point for designing multi-target inhibitors that are less likely to induce drug resistance...
  42. Shakir S, Bryant K, Larabee J, Hamm E, Lovchik J, Lyons C, et al. Regulatory interactions of a virulence-associated serine/threonine phosphatase-kinase pair in Bacillus anthracis. J Bacteriol. 2010;192:400-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings provide insight into a previously undescribed Stp/Stk pair in B. anthracis...
  43. Espinasse S, Gohar M, Lereclus D, Sanchis V. An ABC transporter from Bacillus thuringiensis is essential for beta-exotoxin I production. J Bacteriol. 2002;184:5848-54 pubmed
    ..thuringiensis adds an adenine nucleotide analog to the wide range of substrates of the superfamily of ABC proteins. We suggest that berAB confers beta-exotoxin I immunity in B. thuringiensis, through active efflux of the molecule...
  44. Carlier A, Uroz S, Smadja B, Fray R, Latour X, Dessaux Y, et al. The Ti plasmid of Agrobacterium tumefaciens harbors an attM-paralogous gene, aiiB, also encoding N-Acyl homoserine lactonase activity. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003;69:4989-93 pubmed
    ..In Erwinia strain 6276, the lactonases reduced the endogenous acyl-HSL level and the bacterial virulence in planta...
  45. Hudspeth D, Vary P. spoVG sequence of Bacillus megaterium and Bacillus subtilis. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992;1130:229-31 pubmed
    ..6% amino acid identity. Both genes have putative rho-independent terminators. No significant amino acid or nucleotide homology of either gene was found when compared with sequences contained in either the Genbank or EMBL data bases...
  46. Stark W, Pauptit R, Wilson K, Jansonius J. The structure of neutral protease from Bacillus cereus at 0.2-nm resolution. Eur J Biochem. 1992;207:781-91 pubmed
    ..The high-resolution analysis allows detailed examination of possible causes for the difference in thermostability between neutral protease and thermolysin...
  47. L vgren A, Zhang M, Engstr m A, Dalhammar G, Land n R. Molecular characterization of immune inhibitor A, a secreted virulence protease from Bacillus thuringiensis. Mol Microbiol. 1990;4:2137-46 pubmed
    ..The LD50 dose of purified InA protein injected in T. ni larvae was 12.5 +/- 2.5 ng per mg of larval body weight...
  48. Carfi A, Pares S, Du e E, Galleni M, Duez C, Fr re J, et al. The 3-D structure of a zinc metallo-beta-lactamase from Bacillus cereus reveals a new type of protein fold. EMBO J. 1995;14:4914-21 pubmed
    ..The structure shows that most of these residues are in the active site. Among these, aspartic acid 90 and histidine 210 participate in a proposed catalytic mechanism for beta-lactam hydrolysis...
  49. Granum P, Nissen H. Sphingomyelinase is part of the 'enterotoxin complex' produced by Bacillus cereus. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1993;110:97-100 pubmed
  50. Watanabe K, Hata Y, Kizaki H, Katsube Y, Suzuki Y. The refined crystal structure of Bacillus cereus oligo-1,6-glucosidase at 2.0 A resolution: structural characterization of proline-substitution sites for protein thermostabilization. J Mol Biol. 1997;269:142-53 pubmed publisher
    ..This well supports the previous finding that the replacement at the appropriate positions in beta-turns or alpha-helices is the most effective for protein thermostabilization by proline substitution...
  51. Schupp J, Klevytska A, Zinser G, Price L, Keim P. vrrB, a hypervariable open reading frame in Bacillus anthracis. J Bacteriol. 2000;182:3989-97 pubmed
    ..anthracis. Evolution of hypervariable genes can negate the lack of genetic variability in species such as B. anthracis and provide select rapid evolution in other more variable species...
  52. Fouet A, Namy O, Lambert G. Characterization of the operon encoding the alternative sigma(B) factor from Bacillus anthracis and its role in virulence. J Bacteriol. 2000;182:5036-45 pubmed
    ..The toxinogenic sigB mutant strain was also less virulent than the parental strain in the mouse model. B. anthracis sigma(B) may therefore be a minor virulence factor...
  53. Suzuki Y, Yoda T, Ruhul A, Sugiura W. Molecular cloning and characterization of the gene coding for azoreductase from Bacillus sp. OY1-2 isolated from soil. J Biol Chem. 2001;276:9059-65 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report describing the sequencing and characterization of a gene encoding the azo dye-reducing enzyme, azoreductase, from aerobic bacteria and its expression in E. coli...
  54. Grandvalet C, Gominet M, Lereclus D. Identification of genes involved in the activation of the Bacillus thuringiensis inhA metalloprotease gene at the onset of sporulation. Microbiology. 2001;147:1805-13 pubmed publisher
    ..subtilis indicates that the Spo0A-dependent regulation of inhA expression depends on AbrB, which is known to regulate expression of transition state and sporulation genes in B. subtilis...
  55. Barlass P, Houston C, Clements M, Moir A. Germination of Bacillus cereus spores in response to L-alanine and to inosine: the roles of gerL and gerQ operons. Microbiology. 2002;148:2089-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Although near-identical homologues of gerI and gerL operons are evident in the Bacillus anthracis genome sequence, there is no evidence of a close homologue of gerQ...
  56. Berger B, English S, Chan G, Knodel M. Methionine regeneration and aminotransferases in Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, and Bacillus anthracis. J Bacteriol. 2003;185:2418-31 pubmed
    ..The aminooxy compound canaline was found to be an uncompetitive inhibitor of B. subtilis YbgE and also inhibited growth of B. subtilis and B. cereus in culture...
  57. Kim H, Sherman D, Johnson F, Aronson A. Characterization of a major Bacillus anthracis spore coat protein and its role in spore inactivation. J Bacteriol. 2004;186:2413-7 pubmed
    ..Since Cot alpha is an abundant outer spore coat protein of the B. cereus group with a prominent role in spore resistance and sensitivity, it is a promising target for the inactivation of B. anthracis spores...
  58. Slamti L, Perchat S, Gominet M, Vilas B as G, Fouet A, Mock M, et al. Distinct mutations in PlcR explain why some strains of the Bacillus cereus group are nonhemolytic. J Bacteriol. 2004;186:3531-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We also found that the plcR genes of three B. anthracis strains belonging to different phylogenetic groups contained the same nonsense mutation, suggesting that this mutation is a distinctive trait of this species...
  59. Huang C, Chen C. High-level expression and characterization of two chitinases, ChiCH and ChiCW, of Bacillus cereus 28-9 in Escherichia coli. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005;327:8-17 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the method of high-level expression of chitinases is helpful to studies and applications of chitinases...
  60. Pe a G, Miranda Rios J, de la Riva G, Pardo L pez L, Sober n M, Bravo A. A Bacillus thuringiensis S-layer protein involved in toxicity against Epilachna varivestis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:353-60 pubmed publisher
    ..anthracis, B. licheniformis, and B. thuringiensis are arranged in the same main group, suggesting similar origins. This is the first report that demonstrates that an S-layer protein is directly involved in toxicity to a coleopteran pest...
  61. Alseth I, Rognes T, Lindb ck T, Solberg I, Robertsen K, Kristiansen K, et al. A new protein superfamily includes two novel 3-methyladenine DNA glycosylases from Bacillus cereus, AlkC and AlkD. Mol Microbiol. 2006;59:1602-9 pubmed publisher
    ..B. cereus AlkC and AlkD thus define novel families of alkylbase DNA glycosylases within a new protein superfamily...
  62. Nicely N, Parsonage D, Paige C, Newton G, Fahey R, Leonardi R, et al. Structure of the type III pantothenate kinase from Bacillus anthracis at 2.0 A resolution: implications for coenzyme A-dependent redox biology. Biochemistry. 2007;46:3234-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Our analyses also suggest that the type III PanK in the spore-forming B. anthracis plays an essential role in the novel thiol/disulfide redox biology of this category A biodefense pathogen...
  63. Valderas M, Bourne P, Barrow W. Genetic basis for sulfonamide resistance in Bacillus anthracis. Microb Drug Resist. 2007;13:11-20 pubmed publisher
    ..anthracis DHPS links DHPS to sulfonamide resistance in B. anthracis. These findings lay the groundwork that will aid future development of antimicrobics that target DHPS to treat anthrax infections...
  64. Malvar T, Baum J. Tn5401 disruption of the spo0F gene, identified by direct chromosomal sequencing, results in CryIIIA overproduction in Bacillus thuringiensis. J Bacteriol. 1994;176:4750-3 pubmed
    ..thuringiensis transposon insertion library. A spo0F defect in B. thuringiensis, which was suppressed by multicopy hknA or kinA, resulted in the overproduction of the CryIIIA insecticidal crystal protein...
  65. Carfi A, Du e E, Galleni M, Fr re J, Dideberg O. 1.85 A resolution structure of the zinc (II) beta-lactamase from Bacillus cereus. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 1998;54:313-23 pubmed
    ..In addition, the structure of the apo enzyme was determined at 2.5 A resolution. The removal of the zinc ion by chelating agents causes small changes in the active-site environment...
  66. Di Franco C, Beccari E, Santini T, Pisaneschi G, Tecce G. Colony shape as a genetic trait in the pattern-forming Bacillus mycoides. BMC Microbiol. 2002;2:33 pubmed
  67. Nishiwaki H, Ito K, Otsuki K, Yamamoto H, Komai K, Matsuda K. Purification and functional characterization of insecticidal sphingomyelinase C produced by Bacillus cereus. Eur J Biochem. 2004;271:601-6 pubmed
  68. Hosaka T, Ui S, Ohtsuki T, Mimura A, Ohkuma M, Kudo T. Characterization of the NADH-linked acetylacetoin reductase/2,3-butanediol dehydrogenase gene from Bacillus cereus YUF-4. J Biosci Bioeng. 2001;91:539-44 pubmed
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    ..This method enabled us to detect an initial inoculum of 0.24 CFU of B. cereus cells per g of boiled rice food homogenate without extracting DNA. However, a simple two-step filtration step is required to remove PCR inhibitory substances...
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    ..These results suggest that enhanced yield of certain crystal proteins can be obtained by deletion of the genes aprA and nprA which are the major extracellular proteases of B. thuringiensis...