Alias: Allorhizobium, Allorhizobium de Lajudie et al. 1998, "Phytomyxa" Schroeter 1886, "Rhizobacterium" Kirchner 1896, Phytomyxa, Rhizobacterium, Rhizobium Frank 1889 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Young et al. 2001

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Analysis of cellular fatty acids and phenotypic relationships of Agrobacterium, Bradyrhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Rhizobium and Sinorhizobium species using the Sherlock Microbial Identification System
    S W Tighe
    Analytical Services, Inc, Williston, VT, USA
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50:787-801. 2000
  2. pmc The Rhizobium etli rpoN locus: DNA sequence analysis and phenotypical characterization of rpoN, ptsN, and ptsA mutants
    J Michiels
    F A Janssens Laboratory of Genetics, K U Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium
    J Bacteriol 180:1729-40. 1998
  3. ncbi Changing concepts in the systematics of bacterial nitrogen-fixing legume symbionts
    Hiroyucki Sawada
    National Institute for Agro Environmental Sciences, Tsukuba 305 8604, Japan
    J Gen Appl Microbiol 49:155-79. 2003
  4. pmc Structures of the lipopolysaccharides from Rhizobium leguminosarum RBL5523 and its UDP-glucose dehydrogenase mutant (exo5)
    Artur Muszynski
    Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, 315 Riverbend Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Glycobiology 21:55-68. 2011
  5. ncbi A special acyl carrier protein for transferring long hydroxylated fatty acids to lipid A in Rhizobium
    K A Brozek
    Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Biol Chem 271:32126-36. 1996
  6. pmc A high-throughput transient gene expression system for switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) seedlings
    Xinlu Chen
    University of Tennessee, Department of Plant Sciences, 2431 Joe Johnson Drive, Knoxville, TN, 37996, USA
    Biotechnol Biofuels 3:9. 2010
  7. pmc Expression cloning and characterization of the C28 acyltransferase of lipid A biosynthesis in Rhizobium leguminosarum
    Shib Sankar Basu
    Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Biol Chem 277:28959-71. 2002
  8. ncbi [Current concepts on the pathogenicity of phytopathogenic bacteria]
    C Boucher
    Laboratoire de biologie moléculaire des interactions plantes micro organismes, INRA CNRS, BP 27, 31326 Castanet Tolosan, France
    C R Acad Sci III 324:915-22. 2001
  9. ncbi Rhizobium gallicum sp. nov. and Rhizobium giardinii sp. nov., from Phaseolus vulgaris nodules
    N Amarger
    Laboratoire de Microbiologie des Sols, Centre de Microbiologie du Sol et de L Environnement, INRA, Dijon, France
    Int J Syst Bacteriol 47:996-1006. 1997
  10. ncbi A homolog of the Rhizobium meliloti nitrogen fixation gene fixN is involved in the production of a microaerobically induced oxidase activity in the phytopathogenic bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens
    A Schluter
    Okologie des Bodens, Botanisches Institut, RWTH Aachen, Germany
    Mol Gen Genet 247:206-15. 1995

Detail Information

Publications326 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Analysis of cellular fatty acids and phenotypic relationships of Agrobacterium, Bradyrhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Rhizobium and Sinorhizobium species using the Sherlock Microbial Identification System
    S W Tighe
    Analytical Services, Inc, Williston, VT, USA
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50:787-801. 2000
    ..fatty acid profiles of over 600 strains belonging to the genera Agrobacterium, Bradyrhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Rhizobium and Sinorhizobium were evaluated using the gaschromatography-based Sherlock Microbial Identification System (MIS)..
  2. pmc The Rhizobium etli rpoN locus: DNA sequence analysis and phenotypical characterization of rpoN, ptsN, and ptsA mutants
    J Michiels
    F A Janssens Laboratory of Genetics, K U Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium
    J Bacteriol 180:1729-40. 1998
    The rpoN region of Rhizobium etli was isolated by using the Bradyrhizobium japonicum rpoN1 gene as a probe...
  3. ncbi Changing concepts in the systematics of bacterial nitrogen-fixing legume symbionts
    Hiroyucki Sawada
    National Institute for Agro Environmental Sciences, Tsukuba 305 8604, Japan
    J Gen Appl Microbiol 49:155-79. 2003
    ..taxa that do not contain legume symbionts (shown in parentheses below): Group 1, which comprises Rhizobium and Allorhizobium species containing legume symbionts (intermingled with Agrobacterium and Blastobacter species, which are ..
  4. pmc Structures of the lipopolysaccharides from Rhizobium leguminosarum RBL5523 and its UDP-glucose dehydrogenase mutant (exo5)
    Artur Muszynski
    Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, 315 Riverbend Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Glycobiology 21:55-68. 2011
    ..An exo5 mutant of Rhizobium leguminosarum RBL5523, strain RBL5808, is defective in UDP-glucose (Glc) dehydrogenase that converts UDP-Glc to ..
  5. ncbi A special acyl carrier protein for transferring long hydroxylated fatty acids to lipid A in Rhizobium
    K A Brozek
    Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Biol Chem 271:32126-36. 1996
    ..The Rhizobium meliloti lipid A backbone, like that of Escherichia coli, is a beta1'-6-linked glucosamine disaccharide that is ..
  6. pmc A high-throughput transient gene expression system for switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) seedlings
    Xinlu Chen
    University of Tennessee, Department of Plant Sciences, 2431 Joe Johnson Drive, Knoxville, TN, 37996, USA
    Biotechnol Biofuels 3:9. 2010
    ..Experiments to increase transient gene expression in planta may lead to stable transformation methods with increased efficiency...
  7. pmc Expression cloning and characterization of the C28 acyltransferase of lipid A biosynthesis in Rhizobium leguminosarum
    Shib Sankar Basu
    Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Biol Chem 277:28959-71. 2002
    ..An enzyme that incorporates this acyl chain is present in extracts of Rhizobium leguminosarum, Rhizobium etli, and Sinorhizobium meliloti but not Escherichia coli...
  8. ncbi [Current concepts on the pathogenicity of phytopathogenic bacteria]
    C Boucher
    Laboratoire de biologie moléculaire des interactions plantes micro organismes, INRA CNRS, BP 27, 31326 Castanet Tolosan, France
    C R Acad Sci III 324:915-22. 2001
    ..Identification of the effector proteins, of their function and of the corresponding molecular targets in the host is a new challenge which will contribute to the conception of new strategies to control diseases...
  9. ncbi Rhizobium gallicum sp. nov. and Rhizobium giardinii sp. nov., from Phaseolus vulgaris nodules
    N Amarger
    Laboratoire de Microbiologie des Sols, Centre de Microbiologie du Sol et de L Environnement, INRA, Dijon, France
    Int J Syst Bacteriol 47:996-1006. 1997
    ..Genomic species 1 clustered with the species that include the bean-nodulating rhizobia, Rhizobium leguminosarum, Rhizobium etli, and Rhizobium tropici, and branched with unclassified rhizobial strain OK50, ..
  10. ncbi A homolog of the Rhizobium meliloti nitrogen fixation gene fixN is involved in the production of a microaerobically induced oxidase activity in the phytopathogenic bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens
    A Schluter
    Okologie des Bodens, Botanisches Institut, RWTH Aachen, Germany
    Mol Gen Genet 247:206-15. 1995
    Hybridization analysis using the Rhizobium meliloti nitrogen fixation gene fixN as a probe revealed the presence of a homologous DNA region in the phytopathogenic bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens...
  11. ncbi Phylogenetic diversity of rhizobial strains nodulating Robinia pseudoacacia L
    A Ulrich
    ZALF Centre for Agricultural Landscape and Land Use Research, Institute of Primary Production and Microbial Ecology, Eberswalder Str 84, D 15374 Müncheberg, Germany
    Microbiology 146:2997-3005. 2000
    ..Based on RFLP analysis and sequencing, the strains were shown to belong to the genera Mesorhizobium (76%) and Rhizobium (24%)...
  12. pmc Cloning, sequencing, and characterization of the cgmB gene of Sinorhizobium meliloti involved in cyclic beta-glucan biosynthesis
    P Wang
    Department of Food Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Bacteriol 181:4576-83. 1999
    Periplasmic cyclic beta-glucans of Rhizobium species provide important functions during plant infection and hypo-osmotic adaptation...
  13. doi Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of embryogenic cultures and plant regeneration in Vitis rotundifolia Michx. (muscadine grape)
    S A Dhekney
    Mid Florida Research and Education Center, University of Florida IFAS, 2725 Binion Road, Apopka, FL 32703 8504, USA
    Plant Cell Rep 27:865-72. 2008
    ..Transgenic plants exhibited uniform GFP expression in cells of all plant tissues and organs including leaves, stems, roots, inflorescences and the embryo and endosperm of developing berries...
  14. pmc Cloning and characterization of a tetracycline resistance determinant present in Agrobacterium tumefaciens C58
    Z Q Luo
    Departments of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    J Bacteriol 181:618-26. 1999
    ..While the repressive effect of the TetR protein from strain C58 (TetRC58) on the tetA gene from strain RP4 (tetARP4) was not relieved by tetracycline, repression of tetAC58 by TetRRP4 was lifted by this antibiotic...
  15. ncbi Colonization and nitrogenase activity of Triticum aestivum (cv. Baccross and Mahdavi) to the dual inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense and Rhizobium meliloti plus 2,4-D
    Askary Mehry
    Department of Biology, University of Arak, Arak, Iran
    Pak J Biol Sci 11:1541-50. 2008
    ..was studied with application of two Azospirillum brasilense strains (native and Sp7) co-inoculated with two Rhizobium meliloti strains (native and DSMZ 30135)...
  16. pmc Genes essential for nod factor production and nodulation are located on a symbiotic amplicon (AMPRtrCFN299pc60) in Rhizobium tropici
    P Mavingui
    Centro de Investigacion Sobre Fijacion de Nitrogeno, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    J Bacteriol 180:2866-74. 1998
    Amplifiable DNA regions (amplicons) have been identified in the genome of Rhizobium etli. Here we report the isolation and molecular characterization of a symbiotic amplicon of Rhizobium tropici...
  17. ncbi Regulation of the TCA cycle and the general amino acid permease by overflow metabolism in Rhizobium leguminosarum
    D L Walshaw
    School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, UK
    Microbiology 143:2209-21. 1997
    Mutants of Rhizobium leguminosarum were selected that were altered in the uptake activity of the general amino acid permease (Aap)...
  18. pmc Identification of strains of Alcaligenes and Agrobacterium by a polyphasic approach
    D Clermont
    Collection de l Institut Pasteur, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France
    J Clin Microbiol 39:3104-9. 2001
    ..xylosoxidans subspecies and that these two methods can be used as alternative methods to characterize unidentified strains rapidly when discriminant biochemical characters are missing...
  19. ncbi Complete amino acid sequence and characterization of the reaction mechanism of a glucosamine-induced novel alcohol dehydrogenase from Agrobacterium radiobacter (tumefaciens)
    Ryoko Iwamoto
    Department of Chemistry, Nara Women s University, Kitauoya Nishimachi, Nara, 630 8506, Japan
    Arch Biochem Biophys 398:203-12. 2002
    ..0. (3) The rate-determining step of the dehydrogenase for ethanol is deprotonation of the enzyme-NAD-Zn-OHCH(2)CH(3) complex to enzyme-NAD-Zn-O(-)CH(2)CH(3) complex and that for glucosaminitol is H(2)O addition to enzyme-Zn-NADH complex...
  20. ncbi A new nos gene downstream from nosDFY is essential for dissimilatory reduction of nitrous oxide by Rhizobium (Sinorhizobium) meliloti
    Y K Chan
    Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, Central Experimental Farm, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Microbiology 143:2817-24. 1997
    b>Rhizobium (Sinorhizobium) meliloti strains capable of dissimilatory nitrous oxide reduction (Nos+) carry a nosRZDFY gene cluster on a 10.1 kb EcoRI fragment of the nod megaplasmid near the fixGHIS genes...
  21. ncbi Role of cellulose fibrils and exopolysaccharides of Rhizobium leguminosarum in attachment to and infection of Vicia sativa root hairs
    M C Laus
    Institute of Biology Leiden, Leiden University, Wassenaarseweg 64, 2333AL Leiden, The Netherlands
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 18:533-8. 2005
    Infection and subsequent nodulation of legume host plants by the root nodule symbiote Rhizobium leguminosarum usually require attachment of the bacteria to root-hair tips...
  22. doi Broad-range antagonistic rhizobacteria Pseudomonas fluorescens and Serratia plymuthica suppress Agrobacterium crown gall tumours on tomato plants
    N Dandurishvili
    Otto Warburg Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, The Robert H Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
    J Appl Microbiol 110:341-52. 2011
    ..To examine the biocontrol activity of broad-range antagonists Serratia plymuthica IC1270, Pseudomonas fluorescens Q8r1-96 and P. fluorescens B-4117 against tumourigenic strains of Agrobacterium tumefaciens and A. vitis...
  23. pmc Second site mutations specifically suppress the Fix- phenotype of Rhizobium meliloti ndvF mutations on alfalfa: identification of a conditional ndvF-dependent mucoid colony phenotype
    I J Oresnik
    Department of Biology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Genetics 136:1233-43. 1994
    b>Rhizobium meliloti mutants carrying ndvF insertion or deletion mutations induce nodules on alfalfa which contain very few infected cells and fail to fix N2 (Fix-)...
  24. doi First genomic analysis of the broad-host-range Rhizobium sp. LPU83 strain, a member of the low-genetic diversity Oregon-like Rhizobium sp. group
    Gonzalo Torres Tejerizo
    IBBM Instituto de Biotecnología y Biología Molecular, CCT CONICET La Plata, Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Calles 47 y 115, 1900 La Plata, Argentina
    J Biotechnol 155:3-10. 2011
    ..Ensifer (Sinorhizobium) medicae and with less characterized types of rhizobia, such as the Oregon-like strains, Rhizobium sp. Or191 initially isolated in the USA, and the Rhizobium sp. LPU83 strain, from Argentina...
  25. ncbi The variable part of the dnaK gene as an alternative marker for phylogenetic studies of rhizobia and related alpha Proteobacteria
    Tomasz Stepkowski
    Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Noskowskiego, Poland
    Syst Appl Microbiol 26:483-94. 2003
    ..from DNA templates isolated from the species of the genera, Azorhizobium, Bradyrhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Rhizobium and Sinorhizobium, but also from some non-symbiotic alpha Proteobacteria such as Blastochloris, Chelatobacter ..
  26. doi Rhizobium fabae sp. nov., a bacterium that nodulates Vicia faba
    Chang Fu Tian
    Key Laboratory of Agro Microbial Resource and Application, Ministry of Agriculture College of Biological Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing, PR China
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58:2871-5. 2008
    ..According to phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA gene, atpD and recA sequences, these strains belong to the genus Rhizobium, with Rhizobium etli and Rhizobium leguminosarum as the closest related species...
  27. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of the genera Bradyrhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Rhizobium and Sinorhizobium on the basis of 16S rRNA gene and internally transcribed spacer region sequences
    Soon Wo Kwon
    Korean Agricultural Culture Collection KACC, Genetic Resources Division, National Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Rural Development Administration RDA, Suwon 441 707, Korea
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 55:263-70. 2005
    ..relationships between these Korean isolates and reference strains of the genera Bradyrhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Rhizobium and Sinorhizobium were analysed using their 16S rRNA gene and internally transcribed spacer (ITS) region ..
  28. pmc Rhizobium leguminosarum hupE encodes a nickel transporter required for hydrogenase activity
    Belen Brito
    Departamento de Biotecnologia, Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieros Agronomos, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    J Bacteriol 192:925-35. 2010
    Synthesis of the hydrogen uptake (Hup) system in Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae requires the function of an 18-gene cluster (hupSLCDEFGHIJK-hypABFCDEX)...
  29. ncbi Evaluation of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) seeds inoculation with Rhizobium phaseoli and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on yield and yield components
    M Yadegari
    Islamic Azad University of Shahrekord Branch, Shahrekord, Iran
    Pak J Biol Sci 11:1935-9. 2008
    To study the effect of co-inoculation with plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and Rhizobium, on yield and yield components of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L...
  30. pmc The Agrobacterium rhizogenes GALLS gene encodes two secreted proteins required for genetic transformation of plants
    Larry D Hodges
    Department of Microbiology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    J Bacteriol 191:355-64. 2009
    ..In plant cells, the GALLS proteins interacted with themselves, VirD2, and each other. VirD2 interacted with GALLS-FL and localized inside the nucleus, where its predicted helicase activity may pull T strands into the nucleus...
  31. pmc Elevated atmospheric CO2 and strain of rhizobium alter freezing tolerance and cold-induced molecular changes in alfalfa (Medicago sativa)
    Annick Bertrand
    Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, 2560, Soils and Crops Research and Development Centre, 2560 Hochelaga Boulevard, Quebec, Quebec, G1V 2J3, Canada
    Ann Bot 99:275-84. 2007
    ..The objective of the study was to assess the impact of elevated CO2 in interaction with rhizobial strains on freezing tolerance and cold-induced molecular changes in alfalfa...
  32. pmc An alternative succinate (2-oxoglutarate) transport system in Rhizobium tropici is induced in nodules of Phaseolus vulgaris
    Silvia Batista
    Unidad de Microbiología Molecular, Instituto de Investigaciones Biologicas Clemente Estable, Av Italia 3318, Montevideo 11600, Uruguay
    J Bacteriol 191:5057-67. 2009
    ..A previously described dctA mutant of Rhizobium tropici CIAT899, strain GA1 (dctA), however, was unexpectedly still able to grow on succinate as a sole carbon ..
  33. doi High-efficiency Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of citrus via sonication and vacuum infiltration
    Maria Luiza Peixoto de Oliveira
    Plant Biology Department, Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory BIOAGRO, Federal University of Vicosa, Vicosa, MG, Brazil
    Plant Cell Rep 28:387-95. 2009
    ..The transformation frequencies achieved in this study (8.4% for 'Pineapple' sweet orange and 11.2% for 'Swingle' citrumelo) are the highest ones reported for both cultivars...
  34. ncbi Use of nodulation pattern, stress tolerance, nodC gene amplification, RAPD-PCR and RFLP-16S rDNA analysis to discriminate genotypes of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae
    Giancarlo Moschetti
    Dipartimento di Scienza degli Alimenti, Sezione di Microbiologia Agraria, Alimnentare ed Ambientale e di Igiene, Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, I 80055 Portici, Italy
    Syst Appl Microbiol 28:619-31. 2005
    Twenty-seven new Rhizobium isolates were obtained from root nodules of wild and crop legumes belonging to the genera Vicia, Lathyrus and Pisum from different agroecological areas in central and southern Italy...
  35. ncbi [Characterization of root nodule and rhizobium of a Leguminosae ephemeral plant--Trigonella arcuata C. A. Mey in Xinjiang]
    Tianyu You
    Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Biological Resources and Genetic Engineering, College of Life Science and Technology, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China
    Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao 48:917-23. 2008
    We studied root nodule proliferation, nodule microstructure, genetic cluster and stress resistance of the rhizobium of Trigonella arcuata.
  36. ncbi Proposal of Pseudorhodobacter ferrugineus gen nov, comb nov, for a non-photosynthetic marine bacterium, Agrobacterium ferrugineum, related to the genus Rhodobacter
    Yoshihito Uchino
    Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0032, Japan
    J Gen Appl Microbiol 48:309-19. 2002
    ..ferrugineus possesses an incomplete photosynthetic apparatus...
  37. ncbi Identification and structure of the Rhizobium galegae common nodulation genes: evidence for horizontal gene transfer
    L Suominen
    Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, Biocenter 1, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Biol Evol 18:907-16. 2001
    ..Here, we present the organization and sequence of the common nod genes from Rhizobium galegae, a symbiotic member of the RHIZOBIACEAE: This species has an intriguing phylogenetic position, being ..
  38. doi Regulation of flagellar, motility and chemotaxis genes in Rhizobium leguminosarum by the VisN/R-Rem cascade
    Dinah D Tambalo
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
    Microbiology 156:1673-85. 2010
    ..the regulatory roles of VisN, VisR and Rem in the expression of flagellar, motility and chemotaxis genes in Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae strains VF39SM and 3841...
  39. ncbi The Rhizobium leguminosarum prsDE genes are required for secretion of several proteins, some of which influence nodulation, symbiotic nitrogen fixation and exopolysaccharide modification
    C Finnie
    Department of Genetics, John Innes Centre, Colney, Norwich, UK
    Mol Microbiol 25:135-46. 1997
    NodO is a secreted protein from Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae with a role in signalling during legume nodulation. A Tn5-induced mutant was identified that was defective in NodO secretion...
  40. ncbi Classification of Austrian rhizobia and the Mexican isolate FL27 obtained from Phaseolus vulgaris L. as Rhizobium gallicum
    A Sessitsch
    Soil Science Unit, FAO IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, Agency s Laboratories, Seibersdorf, Austria
    Int J Syst Bacteriol 47:1097-101. 1997
    ..Analysis of the 16S rRNA genes revealed sequences almost identical to that of the Rhizobium gallicum type strain, R602sp, with a maximum of two nucleotide substitutions...
  41. pmc Regulation of gene expression in response to oxygen in Rhizobium etli: role of FnrN in fixNOQP expression and in symbiotic nitrogen fixation
    O Lopez
    Departamento de Microbiologia Molecular, Instituto de Biotecnologia, UNAM, Cuernavaca, Morelos, 62250, Mexico
    J Bacteriol 183:6999-7006. 2001
    Previously, we reported finding duplicated fixNOQP operons in Rhizobium etli CFN42. One of these duplicated operons is located in the symbiotic plasmid (fixNOQPd), while the other is located in a cryptic plasmid (fixNOQPf)...
  42. ncbi Identification and characterization of plant genes involved in Agrobacterium-mediated plant transformation by virus-induced gene silencing
    Ajith Anand
    Plant Biology Division, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK 73402, USA
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 20:41-52. 2007
    ..tumefaciens is simple, rapid, and robust and complements other currently used approaches...
  43. ncbi Transformation of ipecac (Cephaelis ipecacuanha) with Agrobacterium rhizogenes
    Kayo Yoshimatsu
    Tsukuba Medicinal Plant Research Station, National Institute of Health Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    Planta Med 69:1018-23. 2003
    ..The roots cultured in the dark grew well in Gamborg B5 (B5) liquid medium containing 0.5 mg/L IBA and yielded 112 mg/L of cephaeline and 14 mg/L emetine after 8 weeks of culture...
  44. ncbi Host-specific regulation of symbiotic nitrogen fixation in Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii
    Simon H Miller
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Microbiology 153:3184-95. 2007
    Strains of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv...
  45. ncbi High efficiency transgene segregation in co-transformed maize plants using an Agrobacterium tumefaciens 2 T-DNA binary system
    Michael Miller
    Pioneer Hi Bred International Inc, Johnston, Iowa 50131, USA
    Transgenic Res 11:381-96. 2002
    ..A high efficiency system to segregate transgenes in co-transformed maize plants has now been demonstrated...
  46. pmc Expression cloning and biochemical characterization of a Rhizobium leguminosarum lipid A 1-phosphatase
    Mark J Karbarz
    Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Biol Chem 278:39269-79. 2003
    Lipid A of Rhizobium leguminosarum, a nitrogen-fixing plant endosymbiont, displays several significant structural differences when compared with Escherichia coli. An especially striking feature of R...
  47. ncbi The use of the phosphomannose isomerase gene as alternative selectable marker for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of flax (Linum usitatissimum)
    Frédéric Lamblin
    Laboratoire de Biologie des Ligneux et des Grandes Cultures, UPRES EA 1207, Antenne Scientifique Universitaire de Chartres, Chartres, France
    Plant Cell Rep 26:765-72. 2007
    ..These results indicate that the PMI/mannose selection system can be successfully used for the recovery of flax transgenic plants under safe conditions for human health and the environment...
  48. pmc Altered lipid A structures and polymyxin hypersensitivity of Rhizobium etli mutants lacking the LpxE and LpxF phosphatases
    Brian O Ingram
    Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1801:593-604. 2010
    The lipid A of Rhizobium etli, a nitrogen-fixing plant endosymbiont, displays significant structural differences when compared to that of Escherichia coli. An especially striking feature of R...
  49. pmc Rhodobacter sphaeroides rdxA, a homolog of Rhizobium meliloti fixG, encodes a membrane protein which may bind cytoplasmic [4Fe-4S] clusters
    E L Neidle
    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston 77225
    J Bacteriol 174:6444-54. 1992
    ..chromosomal gene, rdxA, which encodes a 52-kDa protein, was found to be homologous to fixG, the first gene of a Rhizobium meliloti nitrogen fixation operon on the pSym plasmid (D. Kahn, M. David, O. Domergue, M.-L. Daveran, J. Ghai, P...
  50. ncbi The cin quorum sensing locus of Rhizobium etli CNPAF512 affects growth and symbiotic nitrogen fixation
    Ruth Daniels
    Centre of Microbial and Plant Genetics, Katholicke Universitat Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 20, B 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
    J Biol Chem 277:462-8. 2002
    b>Rhizobium etli CNPAF512 produces an autoinducer that inhibits growth of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae 248 and activates the Agrobacterium tumefaciens tra reporter system. Production of this compound in R...
  51. pmc Identification and sequence analysis of the Rhizobium meliloti dctA gene encoding the C4-dicarboxylate carrier
    T Engelke
    Lehrstuhl fur Genetik, Fakultat fur Biologie, Universitat Bielefeld, Federal Republic of Germany
    J Bacteriol 171:5551-60. 1989
    Transposon Tn5-induced C4-dicarboxylate transport mutants of Rhizobium meliloti 2011 which could be complemented by cosmid pRmSC121 were subdivided into two classes...
  52. pmc Characterization of a {gamma}-aminobutyric acid transport system of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae 3841
    J P White
    University of Reading, United Kingdom
    J Bacteriol 191:1547-55. 2009
    Spontaneous mutants of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae 3841 were isolated that grow faster than the wild type on gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) as the sole carbon and nitrogen source...
  53. ncbi A gene cluster encoding malonyl-CoA decarboxylase (MatA), malonyl-CoA synthetase (MatB) and a putative dicarboxylate carrier protein (MatC) in Rhizobium trifolii--cloning, sequencing, and expression of the enzymes in Escherichia coli
    J H An
    Department of Biochemistry, College of Science, Bioproducts Research Center, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
    Eur J Biochem 257:395-402. 1998
    ..of three consecutive genes, matABC, was isolated using a probe prepared from amino acid sequence information of Rhizobium trifolii malonyl-CoA synthetase, and was subsequently sequenced...
  54. doi Rhizobium multihospitium sp. nov., isolated from multiple legume species native of Xinjiang, China
    Tian Xu Han
    Key Laboratory of Agro Microbial Resource and Application, Ministry of Agriculture College of Biological Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, PR China
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58:1693-9. 2008
    ..These strains were classified as belonging to the genus Rhizobium based on amplified 16S rDNA restriction analysis (ARDRA)...
  55. ncbi Cloning and overexpression of glycosyltransferases that generate the lipopolysaccharide core of Rhizobium leguminosarum
    J L Kadrmas
    Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Biol Chem 273:26432-40. 1998
    The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) core of the Gram-negative bacterium Rhizobium leguminosarum is more amenable to enzymatic study than that of Escherichia coli because much of it is synthesized from readily available sugar nucleotides...
  56. pmc Establishing molecular tools for genetic manipulation of the pleuromutilin-producing fungus Clitopilus passeckerianus
    Sreedhar Kilaru
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, United Kingdom
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:7196-204. 2009
    ..passeckerianus. The molecular tools developed in this study should facilitate studies aimed at gene isolation or characterization in this pharmaceutically important species...
  57. ncbi Evolution of nitrogen fixation in spatially structured populations of Rhizobium
    J D Bever
    Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Heredity (Edinb) 85:366-72. 2000
    ..plant exudates and nitrogen-fixing populations are therefore vulnerable to invasion by nonfixing, saprophytic Rhizobium. The access of nonfixing Rhizobium to the plant exudates associated with nodules depends upon the spatial ..
  58. pmc The CcrM DNA methyltransferase is widespread in the alpha subdivision of proteobacteria, and its essential functions are conserved in Rhizobium meliloti and Caulobacter crescentus
    R Wright
    Department of Developmental Biology, Stanford University, California 94305 5427, USA
    J Bacteriol 179:5869-77. 1997
    ..We have amplified and sequenced a 258-bp region of the cerM gene from several of these bacteria, including Rhizobium meliloti, Brucella abortus, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, and Rhodobacter capsulatus...
  59. pmc Improved biomass and protein production in solid-state cultures of an Aspergillus sojae strain harboring the Vitreoscilla hemoglobin
    Rodrigo Mora-Lugo
    Downstream Bioprocessing Lab, Jacobs University Bremen gGmbH, Bremen, Germany
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 99:9699-708. 2015
    ..Overall, our results show that biomass, protease, and exo-pectinase content of A. sojae in SSF can be improved by transformation with VHb...
  60. doi Ectopic overexpression of the aldehyde dehydrogenase ALDH21 from Syntrichia caninervis in tobacco confers salt and drought stress tolerance
    Honglan Yang
    College of Resource and Environment Sciences, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China Key Laboratory of Biogeography and Bioresource in Arid Land, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xinjiang Urumqi 830011, China
    Plant Physiol Biochem 95:83-91. 2015
    ..Therefore, ScALDH21 overexpression in transgenic tobacco plants can enhance drought and salt tolerance and can be used as a candidate gene for the molecular breeding of salt- and drought-tolerant plants. ..
  61. doi Characterization and comparative analysis of promoters from three plant pararetroviruses associated with Dahlia (Dahlia variabilis)
    C V Almeyda
    Department of Plant Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, 99163, USA
    Virus Genes 51:96-104. 2015
    ..Qualitative GUS assays were consistent with quantitative GUS results. This study provides important information on new promoters for prospect applications as novel promoters for their potential use in foreign gene expression in plants...
  62. doi Phenotypic and genetic characterization of rhizobia isolated from Hedysarum flexuosum in Northwest region of Morocco
    Fatima Ezzakkioui
    Lab Valorisation Biotechnologique des Microorganismes, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University Abdelmalek Essaadi, Tanger, Morocco
    J Basic Microbiol 55:830-7. 2015
    ..strain of each REP-PCR pattern showed that 17 strains were closely related to members of the genus Rhizobium of the family Rhizobiaceae of the Alphaproteobacteria...
  63. pmc Cell cycle transition from S-phase to G1 in Caulobacter is mediated by ancestral virulence regulators
    Coralie Fumeaux
    Department Microbiology and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of medicine CMU, Institute of Genetics and Genomics in Geneva iGE3, University of Geneva, Rue Michel Servet 1, 1211 Geneve 4, Switzerland
    Nat Commun 5:4081. 2014
    ..We propose that MucR proteins and possibly other virulence regulators primarily control bacterial cell cycle (G1-phase) transcription, rendering expression of target (virulence) genes periodic and in tune with the cell cycle. ..
  64. pmc Characterization of Rhizobium grahamii extrachromosomal replicons and their transfer among rhizobia
    María Julia Althabegoiti
    Programa de Ecología Genómica, Centro de Ciencias Genomicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Av, Universidad s n, Col, Chamilpa, C, P, 62210, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    BMC Microbiol 14:6. 2014
    b>Rhizobium grahamii belongs to a new phylogenetic group of rhizobia together with Rhizobium mesoamericanum and other species. R...
  65. pmc Quinol oxidase encoded by cyoABCD in Rhizobium etli CFN42 is regulated by ActSR and is crucial for growth at low pH or low iron conditions
    Zachary R Lunak
    Department of Biological Sciences, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
    Microbiology 161:1806-15. 2015
    b>Rhizobium etli aerobically respires with several terminal oxidases. The quinol oxidase (Cyo) encoded by cyoABCD is needed for efficient adaptation to low oxygen conditions and cyo transcription is upregulated at low oxygen...
  66. ncbi A simple screening protocol for the identification of quorum signal antagonists
    Robert J C McLean
    Department of Biology, Texas State University San Marcos, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666, USA
    J Microbiol Methods 58:351-60. 2004
    ..violaceum and P. aureofaciens pigment production. This simple protocol will facilitate the screening of multiple organisms for the production of potential antifouling compounds...
  67. pmc Rice OsGL1-6 is involved in leaf cuticular wax accumulation and drought resistance
    Lingyan Zhou
    Laboratory Center of Basic Biology and Biotechnology, Education Department of Guangdong Province, College of Life Sciences, Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 8:e65139. 2013
    ..We propose that OsGL1-6 is involved in the accumulation of leaf cuticular wax and directly impacts drought resistance in rice...
  68. pmc Comparative genomic analysis of four representative plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria in Pseudomonas
    Xuemei Shen
    State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, People s Republic of China
    BMC Genomics 14:271. 2013
    ..P. chlororaphis GP72 is a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium with a fully sequenced genome...
  69. ncbi A proteinase inhibitor from Nicotiana alata inhibits the normal development of light-brown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana in transgenic apple plants
    Gowri Maheswaran
    Primary Industries Research Victoria, Victorian AgriBiosciences Centre, 1 Park Drive, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
    Plant Cell Rep 26:773-82. 2007
  70. pmc Salicylic acid and systemic acquired resistance play a role in attenuating crown gall disease caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens
    Ajith Anand
    Plant Biology Division, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, Oklahoma 73401, USA
    Plant Physiol 146:703-15. 2008
    ..Moreover, plants treated with benzo-(1,2,3)-thiadiazole-7-carbothioic acid, a potent inducer of SAR, showed reduced disease symptoms. Our data suggest that SA and SAR both play a major role in retarding Agrobacterium infectivity...
  71. pmc Subcellular localization of the barley stripe mosaic virus triple gene block proteins
    Hyoun Sub Lim
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, 94720, USA
    J Virol 83:9432-48. 2009
    ..These data support a model whereby TGB protein interactions function in the subcellular targeting of movement protein complexes and the ability of BSMV to move from cell to cell...
  72. doi Ligational behavior of thiosemicarbazone, semicarbazone and thiocarbohydrazone ligands towards VO(IV), Ce(III), Th(IV) and UO2(VI) ions: synthesis, structural characterization and biological studies
    M Shebl
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Roxy, Cairo, Egypt magdy
    Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 75:428-36. 2010
    ..The antibacterial and antifungal activities were also tested against Rhizobium bacteria and Fusarium-Oxysporium fungus...
  73. doi A Mesorhizobium lipopolysaccharide (LPS) specific lectin (CRL) from the roots of nodulating host plant, Cicer arietinum
    Praveen Agrawal
    Proteomics and Structural Biology Division, Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Delhi University Campus, Mall Road, Delhi, India
    Biochimie 93:440-9. 2011
    ..Hemagglutination activity of CRL is strongly inhibited by cell surface LPS of nodulating cicer specific Rhizobium. CRL agglutinates mesorhizobial cells and not Escherichia coli or yeast cells...
  74. ncbi [Primary study on acid tolerance mechanism of a wild aciduric Rhizobium strain isolated from Pueraria lobata]
    Jian Ping Gu
    College of Resource and Environment, Southwest University, Chongqing 400716, China
    Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao 46:653-6. 2006
    An aciduric Rhizobium strain, named as PR389, was isolated from the nodule of wild Pueraria lobata which grew in yellow soil (pH 4.6) on the Jin-yun Mountain in Bei-bei, Chong-qing city. The isolated strain, which could grow under pH 4...
  75. ncbi Synthesis of water soluble quantum dots for monitoring carrier-DNA nanoparticles in plant cells
    Qiong Wang
    Institute of Biological and Environmental Science and Technology, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410004, China
    J Nanosci Nanotechnol 11:2208-14. 2011
    ..Furthermore, GFP gene expression in the transfected callus cells, as evidenced by fluorescence detection, suggests that the target DNA was integrated into the plant genome...
  76. ncbi Establishment of Salvia officinalis L. hairy root cultures for the production of rosmarinic acid
    Izabela Grzegorczyk
    Department of Biology and Pharmaceutical Botany, Medical University of Lodz, Muszynskiego 1, 90 151 Lodz, Poland
    Z Naturforsch C 61:351-6. 2006
    ..The level was significantly higher than that found in untransformed root culture (19 mg g(-10 of dry wt)...
  77. doi Local and systemic N signaling are involved in Medicago truncatula preference for the most efficient Sinorhizobium symbiotic partners
    Gisele Laguerre
    INRA, USC 1242, Symbioses Tropicales et Méditerranéennes, F 34000 Montpellier, France
    New Phytol 195:437-49. 2012
    ..The lack of N acquisition by a half-root system nodulated with a nonfixing rhizobium triggers a compensatory response enabling the other half-root system nodulated with N₂-fixing partners to ..
  78. doi Identification of amino acid residues important for the function of Agrobacterium tumefaciens Irr protein
    Sakkarin Bhubhanil
    Applied Biological Sciences, Chulabhorn Graduate Institute, Bangkok, Thailand
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 335:68-77. 2012
    ..H94 is essential for the iron responsiveness of Irr(At) . Furthermore, the Irr(At) mutant proteins showed differential abilities to complement the H(2) O(2) -hyper-resistant phenotype of an irr mutant...
  79. doi RNA interference-mediated silencing of the starch branching enzyme gene improves amylose content in rice
    H Y Jiang
    Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, School of Life Science, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, China
    Genet Mol Res 12:2800-8. 2013
    ..The present study indicated that amylose content was negatively correlated with branching enzyme II activity, spike size, and thousand-grain weight...
  80. doi Improved podophyllotoxin production by transformed cultures of Linum album
    Ashish Baldi
    Plant Cell Culture Laboratory, Department of Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India
    Biotechnol J 3:1256-63. 2008
    ..Detailed batch growth and production kinetics with sugar consumption profile were also established. Maximum volumetric productivity of 4.40 and 2.75 mg/L per day was obtained in cell suspension and hairy root cultures, respectively...
  81. pmc Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate degradation in Rhizobium (Sinorhizobium) meliloti: isolation and characterization of a gene encoding 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase
    P Aneja
    Department of Natural Resource Sciences, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada H9X 3V9
    J Bacteriol 181:849-57. 1999
    We have cloned and sequenced the 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase-encoding gene (bdhA) from Rhizobium (Sinorhizobium) meliloti...
  82. pmc Differential regulation of Rhizobium etli rpoN2 gene expression during symbiosis and free-living growth
    J Michiels
    F A Janssens Laboratory of Genetics, K U Leuven, B 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
    J Bacteriol 180:3620-8. 1998
    The Rhizobium etli rpoN1 gene, encoding the alternative sigma factor sigma54 (RpoN), was recently characterized and shown to be involved in the assimilation of several nitrogen and carbon sources during free-living aerobic growth (J...
  83. doi Transient Expression of P-type ATPases in Tobacco Epidermal Cells
    Lisbeth R Poulsen
    Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Centre for Membrane Pumps in Cells and Disease PUMPKIN, University of Copenhagen, Thorvaldsensvej 40, 1871, Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Methods Mol Biol 1377:383-93. 2016
    ..In this chapter, we describe the procedure to transiently express P-type ATPases in tobacco epidermal cells, with focus on subcellular localization of the protein complexes formed by P4-ATPases and their β-subunits. ..
  84. pmc A putative transmembrane leucine zipper of agrobacterium VirB10 is essential for t-pilus biogenesis but not type IV secretion
    Isaac Garza
    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA
    J Bacteriol 195:3022-34. 2013
  85. doi Mechanisms behind bacteria induced plant growth promotion and Zn accumulation in Brassica juncea
    Gbotemi A Adediran
    School of Geosciences, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JW, UK Electronic address
    J Hazard Mater 283:490-9. 2015
    ..juncea plants exposed to 400mgZnkg(-1) that investigated the abilities of Pseudomonas brassicacearum and Rhizobium leguminosarum to promote growth, coupled with synchrotron based μXANES analysis to probe Zn speciation in the ..
  86. doi Biochemical characterization of Gram-positive and Gram-negative plant-associated bacteria with micro-Raman spectroscopy
    Mathews L Paret
    Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 3190 Maile Way, St John Plant Sciences Building 315, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA
    Appl Spectrosc 64:433-41. 2010
  87. pmc Stable expression of mtlD gene imparts multiple stress tolerance in finger millet
    Ramanna Hema
    Department of Crop Physiology, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore, India
    PLoS ONE 9:e99110. 2014
    ..Moreover, the Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation protocol developed for finger millet in this study can be used to introduce diverse traits of agronomic importance in finger millet. ..
  88. doi A high-efficiency Agrobacterium-mediated transformation system of rice (Oryza sativa L.)
    Kenjirou Ozawa
    Transgenic Crop Research and Development Center, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    Methods Mol Biol 847:51-7. 2012
    ..176:522-527, 2009; Ozawa and Takaiwa, Plant Sci. 179:333-337, 2010). In this system, the transformation efficiency of the calli is almost 100% in many varieties...
  89. pmc Production of proteasome inhibitor syringolin A by the endophyte Rhizobium sp. strain AP16
    Alexey Dudnik
    Institute of Plant Biology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Appl Environ Microbiol 80:3741-8. 2014
    ..report the discovery of a syl-like gene cluster with some unusual features in the alphaproteobacterial endophyte Rhizobium sp...
  90. doi What determines the efficiency of N(2)-fixing Rhizobium-legume symbioses?
    Jason J Terpolilli
    Department of Molecular Microbiology, John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, UK
    Adv Microb Physiol 60:325-89. 2012
    ..To achieve high rates of N(2) fixation, the legume host and Rhizobium must be closely matched not only for infection, but for optimum development, nutrient exchange, and N(2) ..
  91. ncbi Histamine dehydrogenase from Rhizobium sp.: gene cloning, expression in Escherichia coli, characterization and application to histamine determination
    Mikio Bakke
    Research and Development Division, Kikkoman Corporation, 399 Noda, Noda City, Chiba 278 0037, Japan
    J Biotechnol 119:260-71. 2005
    The gene encoding histamine dehydrogenase in Rhizobium sp. 4--9 has been cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli...
  92. ncbi [Screening and characterization of marine bacteria with antibacterial and cytotoxic activities, and existence of PKS I and NRPS genes in bioactive strains]
    Peng Zhu
    College of Life Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
    Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao 47:228-34. 2007
  93. ncbi Characterization of the virB operon of an Agrobacterium tumefaciens Ti plasmid: nucleotide sequence and protein analysis
    K Shirasu
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis 95616
    Mol Microbiol 4:1153-63. 1990
    ..Specific differences in amino acid sequence encoded by VirB ORFs of nopaline and octopine Ti plasmid and a functional role of the gene products are discussed...
  94. pmc Structure prediction, molecular dynamics simulation and docking studies of D-specific dehalogenase from Rhizobium sp. RC1
    Ismaila Yada Sudi
    Faculty of Biosciences and Medical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM Skudai, 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia
    Int J Mol Sci 13:15724-54. 2012
    ..It is our emphatic belief that the new model will be useful for the rational design of DehDs with enhanced potentials...
  95. ncbi Enhanced growth and nodulation of pigeon pea by co-inoculation of Bacillus strains with Rhizobium spp
    Geetha Rajendran
    Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology Centre, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara 390 002, Gujarat, India
    Bioresour Technol 99:4544-50. 2008
    ..cajan nor did they show significant plant growth promotion when inoculated alone without Rhizobium spp. IC3123...
  96. pmc The carbon-nitrogen balance of the nodule and its regulation under elevated carbon dioxide concentration
    Marc Libault
    Department of Microbiology and Plant Biology, University of Oklahoma, 770 Van Vleet Oval, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Biomed Res Int 2014:507946. 2014
    ..any other plant, legumes also developed a mutualistic symbiotic relationship with one gender of soil bacteria: rhizobium. This interaction leads to the development of a new root organ, the nodule, where the differentiated bacteria ..
  97. doi Rhizobium sophorae sp. nov. and Rhizobium sophoriradicis sp. nov., nitrogen-fixing rhizobial symbionts of the medicinal legume Sophora flavescens
    Yin Shan Jiao
    State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, Beijing 100193, PR China College of Biological Sciences and Rhizobia Research Center, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, PR China MOA Key Laboratory of Soil Microbiology, Beijing 100193, PR China
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 65:497-503. 2015
    ..from root nodules of the medicinal legume Sophora flavescens were defined as two novel groups in the genus Rhizobium based on their phylogenetic relationships estimated from 16S rRNA genes and the housekeeping genes recA, glnII ..
  98. pmc Insight into the molecular requirements for pathogenicity of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici through large-scale insertional mutagenesis
    Caroline B Michielse
    Plant Pathology, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Genome Biol 10:R4. 2009
    ..oxysporum necessary for pathogenesis and to uncover the genes involved, we used Agrobacterium-mediated insertional mutagenesis to generate 10,290 transformants and screened the transformants for loss or reduction of pathogenicity...
  99. pmc The tep1 gene of Sinorhizobium meliloti coding for a putative transmembrane efflux protein and N-acetyl glucosamine affect nod gene expression and nodulation of alfalfa plants
    Pieter van Dillewijn
    Departamento de Protección Ambiental, Estacion Experimental del Zaidin, CSIC, Granada, Spain
    BMC Microbiol 9:17. 2009
    Soil bacteria collectively known as Rhizobium, characterized by their ability to establish beneficial symbiosis with legumes, share several common characteristics with pathogenic bacteria when infecting the host plant...
  100. doi Emission ((57)Co) Mössbauer spectroscopy as a tool for probing speciation and metabolic transformations of cobalt(II) in bacterial cells
    Alexander A Kamnev
    Laboratory of Biochemistry, Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, 410049 Saratov, Russia
    Anal Bioanal Chem 405:1921-7. 2013
    ..and possible transformations of (57)Co(II) traces in live and dead (hydrothermally treated) cells of the rhizobacterium Azospirillum brasilense (strain Sp7) at T=80 K in frozen aqueous suspensions and as their dried residues...
  101. pmc Erythritol feeds the pentose phosphate pathway via three new isomerases leading to D-erythrose-4-phosphate in Brucella
    Thibault Barbier
    Research Unit in Microorganisms Biology, University of Namur, B 5000 Namur, Belgium
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:17815-20. 2014
    ..of triose phosphate isomerase and ribose 5-phosphate isomerase B, were necessary, as previously shown for Rhizobium. By using purified recombinant enzymes, we demonstrated that L-3-tetrulose-4-phosphate was converted to D-..

Research Grants73

    Gary Ditta; Fiscal Year: 1993
    The long term goal of our research is to try and understand how the bacterium Rhizobium meliloti establishes a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with its legume host alfalfa...
    KOSTIA BERGMAN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..This assay is made specific by the use of two mutants of Rhizobium meliloti strain SU47 that no longer detect any pure substance tested (primarily sugar and amino acids) but still ..
  3. Arrested Development of Arabidopsis
    F Pickett; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These projects will support our long-term goal to understand the informational context required for meristem initiation and function, and to understand the regulatory interplay occurring between the meristem and developing leaves. ..
    Graham C Walker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The project has offered novel insights into the biosynthesis of B12, a critically important vitamin for human health, and will continue to explore the role of vitamin B12 in biology. ..
  5. Genetics and biosynthesis of an O antigen essential for symbiosis
    KENNETH D NOEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..There are two well-differentiated mechanisms of O-antigen synthesis. The LPS of Rhizobium etli CE3 is one of the better characterized examples (structurally and biologically) in which the O-antigen ..
    Sharon Long; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Our proposal concerns the regulation of gene expression in a prokaryote, Rhizobium meliloti, that infects and establishes symbiosis with eukaryotic plant hosts such as alfalfa (Medicago sativa)...
    Frank Dazzo; Fiscal Year: 1990
    b>Rhizobium trifolii is a gram-negative bacterium which specifically infects clover root hairs and forms a root nodule symbiosis which fixes atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia...
    Gary Stacey; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The outer membrane of B. japonicum appears to undergo modification early in the infection cycle. All of the above cell surface changes may be critical to the determination of host specificity...
    JOHN LEIGH; Fiscal Year: 1992
    An integrated genetic and biochemical approach will be used to study Rhizobium meliloti extracellular polysaccharides, and the role of these polysaccharides in the formation of nitrogen fixing root nodules on alfalfa...
    Peter J Christie; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These systems represent novel targets for therapeutics directed to blocking antibiotic resistance spread and bacterial disease progression. ..
  11. Regulatory Circuits Controlling Development of Dormant Microbial Cysts
    CARL EUGENE BAUER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and has implicated cGMP production in many other important bacterial species such as Azospirillum brasilense, Rhizobium leguminosarum, Mesorhizobium loti, Sinorhizobium medicae, Sinorhizobium meliloti, Sinorhizobium fredii, Delftia ..
    Roy Curtiss; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..to the molecular signaling of events that occur in plant-microbe interactions leading to nitrogen fixation by Rhizobium species on leguminous plants...
  13. Control of bacterial morphology and differentiation
    Yves V Brun; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Insights gained from these studies can be used to design strategies to inhibit growth, prevent key morphological changes, or alter important protein localization pathways in pathogens, thereby improving our ability to control them. ..
  14. Interconnectivity between genome packagaing and other viral functions
    A L Rao; Fiscal Year: 2010
  15. DnaK Protein Inhibitor Antimicrobials
    Michael Sturgess; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Molecular Mechanisms that Regulate Phase Transition in Dimorphic Fungi
    Gregory M Gauthier; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The research proposed is relevant to public health because it will provide insight into the mechanisms by which fungi cause disease and may lead to the identification of new antifungal drug targets. ..
  17. Ecological dynamics of facultative bacterial pathogens
    JAMES DAVID BEVER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These results then form the basis for evaluating the importance of horizontal gene transfer of virulence genes and for scaling up to infection dynamics and disease incidence. ..
    Anath Das; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..thaliana genes by similar procedures. Induction of flowering is a critical process in angiosperm lifecycle. Understanding how photoperiod control this process will greatly broaden our knowledge on developmental processes in plants...
  19. Developmental Asymmetry in Agrobacterium tumefaciens
    JASON EUGENE HEINDL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..tumefaciens will be identified using a combination of transposon mutagenesis and a novel high-throughput microscopy screen. ..
  20. Characterization of the helical localization pattern of the T4SS in Agrobacterium
    Julieta Aguilar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This observation leads us to propose that the cytoskeleton of Agrobacteria has a role In the localization of the T4SS. In specific aim 2 will investigate the potential role of the cytoskeleton on T4SS assembly and function. ..
    Karen Novak; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Identification of genes involved in the secretion of macromolecules from Aa may lead to the development of strategies aimed at diminishing the virulence potential of this pathogenic microorganism. ..
  22. Genetic analysis of Cryptococcus neoformans virulence
    Joseph Heitman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These studies will enable a genome-wide definition of the gene set contributing to virulence of this common human fungal pathogen. ..
  23. A molecular toolbox for hypothesis testing in the dermatophytes
    Theodore C White; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This proposal will develop a set of molecular tools that can be used in combination with the soon-to-be-completed genome sequences to address important questions about dermatophyte prevention, treatment and diagnosis. ..
    GLENN GALAU; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..These are predicted to be deficient in Lea function and as such should help elucidate both the regulation and function of these proteins...
  25. Modulation of two-component signaling in alphaproteobacteria
    Joel Griffitts; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Since this signaling system is also present in several animal pathogens, this project promises to yield broad molecular-level insights into host-microbe interactions. ..
    SIUCHEONG HO; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..This specificity correlated with the behavior of intact Rhizobium in four carbohydrate-specific binding assays: (a) adsorption to Lac-Sepharose beads; (b) heterotypic binding to ..
    CHING YEH HU; Fiscal Year: 1992
  28. Intracellular screens discovery of natural products*(RMI)
    Jo Handelsman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This research will lead to universal expression systems that will be useful for metagenomic analysis and other techniques that rely on heterologous gene expression. ..
    Patricia Jones; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The fourth project will use GFP reporter constructs to identify developmentally-controlled promoters in Rhizobium bacteria solely expressed in symbiotic root nodules, perhaps induced by host signal molecules...
  30. tRNA mediated assembly in an icosahedral RNA virus
    A L Rao; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Collectively, the proposed studies will advance our understanding of the assembly mechanisms of icosahedral viruses that are known to cause economically important diseases in humans, animals, insects and plants. ..
    Ming Che Shih; Fiscal Year: 1993
    JOSEPH JILKA; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This application will serve as a model for the exploration of the use of this methodology to develop HIV vaccines, potentially against a number of important HIV epitopes, for the control of HIV infection. ..
  33. Identification of Brucella Type IV Effectors
    RENEE TSOLIS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It is our expectation that the results of this work will identify B. abortus Type IV effector proteins that will form the basis for a future R01 application to characterize their function. ..
    LLOYD REAM; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Thus, A. tumefaciens may serve as a model for rickettsial pathogenesis as well as human tumorigenesis...
    WILLIAM GURLEY; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Although T-DNA genes may be bacterial in evolutionary origin, and certainly by lineage, they have achieved a close mimicry of plant genes from a functional standpoint and in their interactions with the trans-acting factors...
  36. Approach to control caries through apple-derived vaccine
    Hilary Koprowski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed research will initiate a novel approach to develop a plant fruit-based vaccine delivery system for a pharmaceutical vaccine against Dental caries and other infectious diseases. ..
    Gary Stacey; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..This proposal seeks to address this question using the soybean- rhizobium infection process as a model...
  38. Passive immunotherapy using plant-derived broadly HIV-1 neutralizing MAbs to prev
    Yvonne Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In this proposal, these MAbs will be produced in tobacco plants and their ability to neutralize HIV in vitro and to protect monkeys in vivo will be compared to currently used and expensive CHO-derived MAbs. ..
  39. A Plant-Derived, Multi-Component Tuberculosis Vaccine
    AMANDA WALMSLEY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Donald Guiney; Fiscal Year: 1993
  41. Early Host Response Elicitation by Agrobacterium
    Marion Brodhagen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Sharon Long; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..We study the nutritionally mutualistic interaction or Rhizobium meliloti with a host legume, alfalfa...
  43. Effectors and Suppressors of RNA Silencing
    Lisa Johansen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Introducing a combination of components and effectors of the silencing pathway will allow for a more detailed understanding of the initiation, maintenance, and signaling stages of RNA silencing. ..
    Ching Jer Chang; Fiscal Year: 1993
    STEPHEN WINANS; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..By analyzing their predicted amino acid sequence and by characterizing stains with mutations in each of these genes we will gain insights about their role in the maintenance of this parasitic association...
    David Lynn; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, this specific signaling system regulates the only know natural vector for inter-Kingdom gene transfer and understanding this mechanism has already and will continue to widened the range of its use in biotechnology. ..
    BRADLEY GOODNER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..tumefaciens genome in order to search new genes involved in virulence or interaction, and 4) to functionally characterize a few of these new genes. Both biochemical and genetic approaches will be used to test gene functions. ..
  48. A DeltaVision Restoration Microscope forCNR Imaging
    Steven Ruzin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Russell W Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    b>Rhizobium-legume symbioses involve processes that are fundamental to all bacterial-host interactions. These include (a.) prokaryotic-eukaryotic recognition, (b.) interaction with the host defense mechanism, and (c...
  50. Ehrilchiacidal Mechanisms In Leukocytes
    Yasuko Rikihisa; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results may point to a potential target for new treatment and prevention of HME and HGE. ..
  51. Evolution of Estrogen Receptor-Ligand Interactions
    Jennifer Fox; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Such an experimental system will allow the rigorous testing of hypotheses about ER-ligand structure function relationships and the dynamics of receptor-ligand coevolution. ..
  52. Gene Expression Levels Across Diverse Genomes
    Samuel Karlin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A third major objective of our research will be to extend our codon usage methods for predicting gene expression levels to eukaryotic genomes, including yeast, D. melanogaster, C. elegans, and human. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Bruce Klein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Results from this work will yield important new information about a putative virulence factor, how it works, and how it's expression is regulated by the fungus and modulated by the host during infection. ..
  54. Use of an Organophosphorus (OP) Hydrolase for Acute OP Poisoning
    Steven Bird; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our central hypothesis is that OpdA is safe and improves survival after poisoning with parathion. ..
  55. The Transcriptome of Pathogenic Aspergillus Fumigatus
    William Nierman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Regulation of Burkholderia mallei virulence genes
    William Nierman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It will provide critical information on virulence control and virulence mechanisms of B. mallei and will be crucial to the development of effective therapeutic interventions and vaccine strategies. ..
    Samuel Karlin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..by spacings between repeats, and by properties of repeat families (intergenic, coding, direct, inverted, mixed). ..
  58. Comparison of Human Ehrlichiosis Agent Genomes
    Yasuko Rikihisa; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..chaffeensis virulence determinants and their pathogenic mechanisms. The results may point to potential chemotherapy, chemopreventive and/or vaccine candidates for treatment and prevention of human ehrlichiosis. ..
  59. Novel accelerated in vitro breeding for phytoremediation
    MIHALY CZAKO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Host-Pathogen Interactions in Invasive Aspergillosis
    WILLIAM CHARLES NIERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..necessary to maintain protective immunity against the invading fungus. This hithertn inaccessible ... in order to >.E =.m m'- N'3 ..' 'C3 _.n '-' a.. m._ o'< m- ..
    Yasuko Rikihisa; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Aim 5 addresses hypothesis 3 by examining the effects of immunization with the ehrlichial OMP in a mouse model of human ehrlichiosis. ..
  62. fMRI Assessment of Organophosphate Neurotoxicity
    Steven Bird; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Bird with the facilities, equipment and expertise necessary to achieve the goals set forth in this proposal. ..
    Yasuko Rikihisa; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These efforts are expected to reveal an important role for the p44-multigene family in strategies of adaptive surface variation and avoidance of host immune responses. ..
  64. Microarray Expression Analysis of Burkholderia Mallei
    William Nierman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Function and virulence validation of the identified virulence genes will be explored by construction and phenotype analysis of targeted knockout strains. ..
    Stephen C Winans; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Direct targets of YenR and YenS will be identified and assessed for their roles in the biology and ecology of Y. enterocolitica and Y. pestis. ..
    Stephen Farrand; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In the third goal we propose to explore the evolutionary diversity of the Ti plasmid quorum-sensing systems by isolating and characterizing plasmids that induce transfer genes in response to novel plant signals. ..