Experts and Doctors on plant diseases in Ithaca, New York, United States

Summary

Locale: Ithaca, New York, United States
Topic: plant diseases

Top Publications

  1. Badel J, Nomura K, Bandyopadhyay S, Shimizu R, Collmer A, He S. Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 HopPtoM (CEL ORF3) is important for lesion formation but not growth in tomato and is secreted and translocated by the Hrp type III secretion system in a chaperone-dependent manner. Mol Microbiol. 2003;49:1239-51 pubmed
    ..Thus, HopPtoM is a type III effector that, among known plant pathogen effectors, is unusual in making a major contribution to the elicitation of lesion symptoms but not growth in host tomato leaves. ..
  2. He X, Anderson J, del Pozo O, Gu Y, Tang X, Martin G. Silencing of subfamily I of protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunits results in activation of plant defense responses and localized cell death. Plant J. 2004;38:563-77 pubmed publisher
    ..syringae and the fungal pathogen, Cladosporium fulvum. Thus, catalytic subunits of PP2Ac subfamily I act as negative regulators of plant defense responses likely by de-sensitizing protein phosphorylation cascades...
  3. Lin N, Martin G. An avrPto/avrPtoB mutant of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 does not elicit Pto-mediated resistance and is less virulent on tomato. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2005;18:43-51 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that AvrPto and AvrPtoB have phenotypically redundant avirulence activity on Pto-expressing tomato and additive virulence activities on susceptible tomato plants. ..
  4. Kang B, Yeam I, Frantz J, Murphy J, Jahn M. The pvr1 locus in Capsicum encodes a translation initiation factor eIF4E that interacts with Tobacco etch virus VPg. Plant J. 2005;42:392-405 pubmed publisher
    ..Among the three resistance alleles, only the pvr1 gene product failed to bind m7-GTP cap-analog columns, suggesting that disrupted cap binding is not required for potyvirus resistance...
  5. Mazourek M, Cirulli E, Collier S, Landry L, Kang B, Quirin E, et al. The fractionated orthology of Bs2 and Rx/Gpa2 supports shared synteny of disease resistance in the Solanaceae. Genetics. 2009;182:1351-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, our results support a conservation of synteny for NB-LRR genes and further show that their distribution in the genome has been consistent with global rearrangements...
  6. Bogdanove A, Kim J, Wei Z, Kolchinsky P, Charkowski A, Conlin A, et al. Homology and functional similarity of an hrp-linked pathogenicity locus, dspEF, of Erwinia amylovora and the avirulence locus avrE of Pseudomonas syringae pathovar tomato. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998;95:1325-30 pubmed
    ..DspF and AvrF are small (16 kDa and 14 kDa) and acidic with predicted amphipathic alpha helices in their C termini; they resemble chaperones for virulence factors secreted by type III secretion systems of animal pathogens...
  7. Zhao K, Wright M, Kimball J, Eizenga G, McClung A, Kovach M, et al. Genomic diversity and introgression in O. sativa reveal the impact of domestication and breeding on the rice genome. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e10780 pubmed publisher
  8. Thaler J, Agrawal A, Halitschke R. Salicylate-mediated interactions between pathogens and herbivores. Ecology. 2010;91:1075-82 pubmed
    ..We conclude with a predictive model for the expression of defense pathways and their consequences. ..
  9. Churchill A. Mycosphaerella fijiensis, the black leaf streak pathogen of banana: progress towards understanding pathogen biology and detection, disease development, and the challenges of control. Mol Plant Pathol. 2011;12:307-28 pubmed publisher
  10. Condon B, Leng Y, Wu D, Bushley K, Ohm R, Otillar R, et al. Comparative genome structure, secondary metabolite, and effector coding capacity across Cochliobolus pathogens. PLoS Genet. 2013;9:e1003233 pubmed publisher
    ..Functional analysis of several strain-unique PKSs and NRPSs reveal a strong correlation with a role in virulence. ..

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. Badel J, Nomura K, Bandyopadhyay S, Shimizu R, Collmer A, He S. Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 HopPtoM (CEL ORF3) is important for lesion formation but not growth in tomato and is secreted and translocated by the Hrp type III secretion system in a chaperone-dependent manner. Mol Microbiol. 2003;49:1239-51 pubmed
    ..Thus, HopPtoM is a type III effector that, among known plant pathogen effectors, is unusual in making a major contribution to the elicitation of lesion symptoms but not growth in host tomato leaves. ..
  2. He X, Anderson J, del Pozo O, Gu Y, Tang X, Martin G. Silencing of subfamily I of protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunits results in activation of plant defense responses and localized cell death. Plant J. 2004;38:563-77 pubmed publisher
    ..syringae and the fungal pathogen, Cladosporium fulvum. Thus, catalytic subunits of PP2Ac subfamily I act as negative regulators of plant defense responses likely by de-sensitizing protein phosphorylation cascades...
  3. Lin N, Martin G. An avrPto/avrPtoB mutant of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 does not elicit Pto-mediated resistance and is less virulent on tomato. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2005;18:43-51 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that AvrPto and AvrPtoB have phenotypically redundant avirulence activity on Pto-expressing tomato and additive virulence activities on susceptible tomato plants. ..
  4. Kang B, Yeam I, Frantz J, Murphy J, Jahn M. The pvr1 locus in Capsicum encodes a translation initiation factor eIF4E that interacts with Tobacco etch virus VPg. Plant J. 2005;42:392-405 pubmed publisher
    ..Among the three resistance alleles, only the pvr1 gene product failed to bind m7-GTP cap-analog columns, suggesting that disrupted cap binding is not required for potyvirus resistance...
  5. Mazourek M, Cirulli E, Collier S, Landry L, Kang B, Quirin E, et al. The fractionated orthology of Bs2 and Rx/Gpa2 supports shared synteny of disease resistance in the Solanaceae. Genetics. 2009;182:1351-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, our results support a conservation of synteny for NB-LRR genes and further show that their distribution in the genome has been consistent with global rearrangements...
  6. Bogdanove A, Kim J, Wei Z, Kolchinsky P, Charkowski A, Conlin A, et al. Homology and functional similarity of an hrp-linked pathogenicity locus, dspEF, of Erwinia amylovora and the avirulence locus avrE of Pseudomonas syringae pathovar tomato. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998;95:1325-30 pubmed
    ..DspF and AvrF are small (16 kDa and 14 kDa) and acidic with predicted amphipathic alpha helices in their C termini; they resemble chaperones for virulence factors secreted by type III secretion systems of animal pathogens...
  7. Zhao K, Wright M, Kimball J, Eizenga G, McClung A, Kovach M, et al. Genomic diversity and introgression in O. sativa reveal the impact of domestication and breeding on the rice genome. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e10780 pubmed publisher
  8. Thaler J, Agrawal A, Halitschke R. Salicylate-mediated interactions between pathogens and herbivores. Ecology. 2010;91:1075-82 pubmed
    ..We conclude with a predictive model for the expression of defense pathways and their consequences. ..
  9. Churchill A. Mycosphaerella fijiensis, the black leaf streak pathogen of banana: progress towards understanding pathogen biology and detection, disease development, and the challenges of control. Mol Plant Pathol. 2011;12:307-28 pubmed publisher
  10. Condon B, Leng Y, Wu D, Bushley K, Ohm R, Otillar R, et al. Comparative genome structure, secondary metabolite, and effector coding capacity across Cochliobolus pathogens. PLoS Genet. 2013;9:e1003233 pubmed publisher
    ..Functional analysis of several strain-unique PKSs and NRPSs reveal a strong correlation with a role in virulence. ..
  11. Kang H, Oh C, Sato M, Katagiri F, Glazebrook J, Takahashi H, et al. Endosome-associated CRT1 functions early in resistance gene-mediated defense signaling in Arabidopsis and tobacco. Plant Cell. 2010;22:918-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Confocal microscopy and subcellular fractionation revealed that CRT1 localizes to endosome-like vesicles, suggesting a key process in resistance protein activation/signaling occurs in this subcellular compartment. ..
  12. Cavatorta J, Perez K, Gray S, Van Eck J, Yeam I, Jahn M. Engineering virus resistance using a modified potato gene. Plant Biotechnol J. 2011;9:1014-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the general public may be more amenable to the 'intragenic' nature of this approach because the transferred coding region is modified from a gene in the target crop rather than from a distant species. ..
  13. Jaubert M, Bhattacharjee S, Mello A, Perry K, Moffett P. ARGONAUTE2 mediates RNA-silencing antiviral defenses against Potato virus X in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2011;156:1556-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, we find that restriction of PVX on Arabidopsis also depends on AGO2, suggesting that this AGO protein has evolved to specialize in antiviral defenses. ..
  14. Liu J, Maldonado Mendoza I, Lopez Meyer M, Cheung F, Town C, Harrison M. Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis is accompanied by local and systemic alterations in gene expression and an increase in disease resistance in the shoots. Plant J. 2007;50:529-44 pubmed
    ..Thus, the symbiosis is accompanied by a complex pattern of local and systemic changes in gene expression, including the induction of a functional defense response. ..
  15. Braun S, Sanderson J, Wraight S. Larval Bradysia impatiens (Diptera: Sciaridae) potential for vectoring Pythium root rot pathogens. Phytopathology. 2012;102:283-9 pubmed publisher
    ..However, decreased germination of hyphal swellings was observed following larval gut passage for strains of P. ultimum. These results expand previous studies suggesting that larval fungus gnats may vector Pythium spp...
  16. Osorio Guarín J, Enciso Rodríguez F, González C, Fernández Pozo N, Mueller L, Barrero L. Association analysis for disease resistance to Fusarium oxysporum in cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L). BMC Genomics. 2016;17:248 pubmed publisher
    ..peruviana - F. oxysporum pathosystem as a foundation for further validation in marker-assisted selection. The results have important implications for conservation and breeding strategies in cape gooseberry. ..
  17. Kim S, Singh P, Park J, Park S, Friedman A, Zheng T, et al. Genetic and molecular characterization of a blue light photoreceptor MGWC-1 in Magnaporth oryzae. Fungal Genet Biol. 2011;48:400-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Our genetic and molecular data provide insights into how a fungal pathogen utilizes ambient light signals for successful disease development. ..
  18. Casteel C, Hansen A, Walling L, Paine T. Manipulation of plant defense responses by the tomato psyllid (Bactericerca cockerelli) and its associated endosymbiont Candidatus Liberibacter psyllaurous. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e35191 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, these data suggest that the endosymbiont-like pathogen Lps manipulates plant signaling and defensive responses to benefit themselves and the success of their obligate insect vector on their host plant...
  19. Badel J, Shimizu R, Oh H, Collmer A. A Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato avrE1/hopM1 mutant is severely reduced in growth and lesion formation in tomato. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2006;19:99-111 pubmed
    ..These data suggest that AvrE1 acts within plant cells and promotes lesion formation and that the combined action of AvrE1 and HopM1 is particularly important in promoting bacterial growth in planta. ..
  20. Markel E, Maciak C, Butcher B, Myers C, Stodghill P, Bao Z, et al. An extracytoplasmic function sigma factor-mediated cell surface signaling system in Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 regulates gene expression in response to heterologous siderophores. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:5775-83 pubmed publisher
    ..syringae pyoverdine cluster. Additionally, we identified siderophores that induce the activity of PSPTO_1203 and used this information to investigate the functional components of the signal transduction cascade...
  21. Yun S, Arie T, Kaneko I, Yoder O, Turgeon B. Molecular organization of mating type loci in heterothallic, homothallic, and asexual Gibberella/Fusarium species. Fungal Genet Biol. 2000;31:7-20 pubmed
    ..fujikuroi and F. oxysporum are removed. Apparent failure of F. oxysporum to reproduce sexually could not be attributed to mutations in the MAT genes themselves. ..
  22. Meng X, Bonasera J, Kim J, Nissinen R, Beer S. Apple proteins that interact with DspA/E, a pathogenicity effector of Erwinia amylovora, the fire blight pathogen. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2006;19:53-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Knowledge of DIPMs and the interaction with DspA/E thus may facilitate understanding of fire blight development and lead to new approaches to control of disease...
  23. Power A, Mitchell C. Pathogen spillover in disease epidemics. Am Nat. 2004;164 Suppl 5:S79-89 pubmed
    ..Thus, our results provide experimental support for theoretical predictions of strong feedbacks between host community structure and generalist disease dynamics. ..
  24. L pez Solanilla E, Bronstein P, Schneider A, Collmer A. HopPtoN is a Pseudomonas syringae Hrp (type III secretion system) cysteine protease effector that suppresses pathogen-induced necrosis associated with both compatible and incompatible plant interactions. Mol Microbiol. 2004;54:353-65 pubmed publisher
    ..These observations reveal that HopPtoN is a TTSS effector that can suppress plant cell death events in both compatible and incompatible interactions...
  25. Cavatorta J, Savage A, Yeam I, Gray S, Jahn M. Positive Darwinian selection at single amino acid sites conferring plant virus resistance. J Mol Evol. 2008;67:551-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that although both methods are surprisingly accurate in their identification of resistance sites, HyPhy appears to more accurately identify biologically significant amino acids using our data set. ..
  26. Balint Kurti P, May G, Churchill A. Development of a transformation system for Mycosphaerella pathogens of banana: a tool for the study of host/pathogen interactions. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2001;195:9-15 pubmed
    ..Leaf chlorosis and necrosis were often observed in advance of saprophytic growth of the mycelium on necrotic tissue, which supports previous reports suggesting secretion of a phytotoxin...
  27. Abramovitch R, Janjusevic R, Stebbins C, Martin G. Type III effector AvrPtoB requires intrinsic E3 ubiquitin ligase activity to suppress plant cell death and immunity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:2851-6 pubmed
    ..Overall, these data reveal a unique bacterial pathogenesis strategy, where AvrPtoB manipulates the host Ub system and requires intrinsic E3 Ub ligase activity to suppress plant immunity. ..
  28. Gibson D, King B, Hayes M, Bergstrom G. Plant pathogens as a source of diverse enzymes for lignocellulose digestion. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2011;14:264-70 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that plant pathogens may contribute to biofuel production as diverse sources of accessory enzymes for more efficient conversion of lignocellulose into fermentable sugars. ..
  29. Poland J, Balint Kurti P, Wisser R, Pratt R, Nelson R. Shades of gray: the world of quantitative disease resistance. Trends Plant Sci. 2009;14:21-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that a new generation of genetic resources, complemented by careful phenotypic analysis, will produce a deeper understanding of plant defense and more effective utilization of natural resistance alleles. ..
  30. Morello J, Collmer A. Pseudomonas syringae HrpP Is a type III secretion substrate specificity switch domain protein that is translocated into plant cells but functions atypically for a substrate-switching protein. J Bacteriol. 2009;191:3120-31 pubmed publisher
    ..HrpP may function somewhat differently than YscP because the P. syringae T3SS pilus likely varies in length due to differing plant cell walls...
  31. Griffiths H, Sinclair W, Smart C, Davis R. The phytoplasma associated with ash yellows and lilac witches'-broom: 'Candidatus phytoplasma fraxini'. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1999;49 Pt 4:1605-14 pubmed
    ..Thus, the AshY phytoplasma group is coherent but heterogeneous. The name 'Candidatus Phytoplasma fraxini' is proposed for this group...
  32. Wu D, Oide S, Zhang N, Choi M, Turgeon B. ChLae1 and ChVel1 regulate T-toxin production, virulence, oxidative stress response, and development of the maize pathogen Cochliobolus heterostrophus. PLoS Pathog. 2012;8:e1002542 pubmed publisher
  33. Bao Z, Yang H, Hua J. Perturbation of cell cycle regulation triggers plant immune response via activation of disease resistance genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:2407-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, our findings reveal an unexpected link between cell cycle progression and plant immunity, suggesting that cell cycle misregulation could have an impact on expression of genes, including R genes, in plant immunity. ..
  34. Oh C, Pedley K, Martin G. Tomato 14-3-3 protein 7 positively regulates immunity-associated programmed cell death by enhancing protein abundance and signaling ability of MAPKKK {alpha}. Plant Cell. 2010;22:260-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide new insights into a role for 14-3-3 proteins in regulating immunity-associated PCD pathways in plants. ..
  35. Zhu Y, Qian W, Hua J. Temperature modulates plant defense responses through NB-LRR proteins. PLoS Pathog. 2010;6:e1000844 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings identify a plant temperature sensitive component in disease resistance and provide a potential means to generate plants adapting to a broader temperature range. ..
  36. Palukaitis P, Roossinck M. Spontaneous change of a benign satellite RNA of cucumber mosaic virus to a pathogenic variant. Nat Biotechnol. 1996;14:1264-8 pubmed
    ..This demonstrates an inherent risk associated with the use of attenuating satellite RNAs as a form of biocontrol of CMV. ..
  37. Meihls L, Handrick V, Glauser G, Barbier H, Kaur H, Haribal M, et al. Natural variation in maize aphid resistance is associated with 2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one glucoside methyltransferase activity. Plant Cell. 2013;25:2341-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, a natural transposon insertion appears to mediate an ecologically relevant trade-off between the direct toxicity and defense-inducing properties of maize benzoxazinoids...
  38. Yang Q, He Y, Kabahuma M, Chaya T, Kelly A, Borrego E, et al. A gene encoding maize caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase confers quantitative resistance to multiple pathogens. Nat Genet. 2017;49:1364-1372 pubmed publisher
  39. Oh H, Collmer A. Basal resistance against bacteria in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves is accompanied by reduced vascular staining and suppressed by multiple Pseudomonas syringae type III secretion system effector proteins. Plant J. 2005;44:348-59 pubmed publisher
    ..In summary, basal resistance locally alters vascular function and the vascular dye uptake assay should be a useful tool for characterizing effectors that suppress basal resistance...
  40. Laughlin K, Power A, Snow A, Spencer L. Risk assessment of genetically engineered crops: fitness effects of virus-resistance transgenes in wild Cucurbita pepo. Ecol Appl. 2009;19:1091-101 pubmed
  41. Bhattacharjee S, Zamora A, Azhar M, Sacco M, Lambert L, Moffett P. Virus resistance induced by NB-LRR proteins involves Argonaute4-dependent translational control. Plant J. 2009;58:940-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that the engagement of Argonaute proteins in the specific translational control of viral transcripts is a key factor in virus resistance mediated by NB-LRR proteins. ..
  42. Peter K, Liang D, Palukaitis P, Gray S. Small deletions in the potato leafroll virus readthrough protein affect particle morphology, aphid transmission, virus movement and accumulation. J Gen Virol. 2008;89:2037-45 pubmed publisher
    ..The biological properties of the RTP are sensitive to modifications in both the RTD conserved and variable regions...
  43. Yeam I, Cavatorta J, Ripoll D, Kang B, Jahn M. Functional dissection of naturally occurring amino acid substitutions in eIF4E that confers recessive potyvirus resistance in plants. Plant Cell. 2007;19:2913-28 pubmed
    ..Overexpression of the Capsicum-eIF4E protein containing the G107R amino acid substitution in Solanum lycopersicum indicated that this polymorphism alone is sufficient for the acquisition of resistance against several TEV strains...
  44. Cilia M, Tamborindeguy C, Fish T, Howe K, Thannhauser T, Gray S. Genetics coupled to quantitative intact proteomics links heritable aphid and endosymbiont protein expression to circulative polerovirus transmission. J Virol. 2011;85:2148-66 pubmed publisher
  45. Rosebrock T, Zeng L, Brady J, Abramovitch R, Xiao F, Martin G. A bacterial E3 ubiquitin ligase targets a host protein kinase to disrupt plant immunity. Nature. 2007;448:370-4 pubmed
    ..Various wild species of tomato were found to exhibit immunity in response to AvrPtoB(1-387 )and not to full-length AvrPtoB. Thus, by acquiring an E3 ligase domain, AvrPtoB has thwarted a highly conserved host resistance mechanism. ..
  46. Levy A, Zheng J, Lazarowitz S. The tobamovirus Turnip Vein Clearing Virus 30-kilodalton movement protein localizes to novel nuclear filaments to enhance virus infection. J Virol. 2013;87:6428-40 pubmed publisher
  47. Braun S, Castrillo L, Sanderson J, Daughtrey M, Wraight S. Transstadial transmission of Pythium in Bradysia impatiens and lack of adult vectoring capacity. Phytopathology. 2010;100:1307-14 pubmed publisher
    ..These results are in agreement with previous studies that have suggested that adult fungus gnats are unlikely vectors of Pythium spp...
  48. Yang H, Yang S, Li Y, Hua J. The Arabidopsis BAP1 and BAP2 genes are general inhibitors of programmed cell death. Plant Physiol. 2007;145:135-46 pubmed
    ..The dual roles of BAP and BON genes in repressing defense responses mediated by disease resistance genes and in inhibiting general PCD has implications in understanding the evolution of plant innate immunity. ..
  49. Cilia M, Howe K, Fish T, Smith D, Mahoney J, Tamborindeguy C, et al. Biomarker discovery from the top down: Protein biomarkers for efficient virus transmission by insects (Homoptera: Aphididae) discovered by coupling genetics and 2-D DIGE. Proteomics. 2011;11:2440-58 pubmed publisher
    ..Integration of these biomarkers into current aphid-scouting methodologies will enable rational strategies for vector control aimed at judicious use and development of precision pest control methods that reduce plant virus infection. ..
  50. Cohn J, Martin G. Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato type III effectors AvrPto and AvrPtoB promote ethylene-dependent cell death in tomato. Plant J. 2005;44:139-54 pubmed publisher
    ..AvrPto and AvrPtoB therefore appear to promote enhanced disease in tomato leaves, in part, by upregulating genes involved in ethylene production...
  51. Saha S, Hosmani P, Villalobos Ayala K, Miller S, Shippy T, Flores M, et al. Improved annotation of the insect vector of citrus greening disease: biocuration by a diverse genomics community. Database (Oxford). 2017;2017: pubmed publisher
    ..https://citrusgreening.org/...
  52. Poland J, Bradbury P, Buckler E, Nelson R. Genome-wide nested association mapping of quantitative resistance to northern leaf blight in maize. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:6893-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These results are consistent with the hypothesis that quantitative disease resistance in plants is conditioned by a range of mechanisms and could have considerable mechanistic overlap with basal resistance. ..
  53. Bignell D, Seipke R, Huguet Tapia J, Chambers A, Parry R, Loria R. Streptomyces scabies 87-22 contains a coronafacic acid-like biosynthetic cluster that contributes to plant-microbe interactions. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2010;23:161-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the cfa-like biosynthetic cluster is a newly discovered locus in S. scabies that contributes to host-pathogen interactions. ..
  54. Liu P, Yang Y, Pichersky E, Klessig D. Altering expression of benzoic acid/salicylic acid carboxyl methyltransferase 1 compromises systemic acquired resistance and PAMP-triggered immunity in arabidopsis. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2010;23:82-90 pubmed publisher
    ..PAMP-triggered immunity also was compromised in the AtBSMT1 overexpressing plants, although effector-triggered immunity was not. ..
  55. Wang Y, Bao Z, Zhu Y, Hua J. Analysis of temperature modulation of plant defense against biotrophic microbes. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2009;22:498-506 pubmed publisher
    ..The inhibition of plant defense response by a moderately high temperature may thus be mediated by other defense signaling components or a combination of multiple factors. ..
  56. Cadle Davidson M, Jahn M. Differential gene expression in Phaseolus vulgaris I locus NILs challenged with Bean common mosaic virus. Theor Appl Genet. 2006;112:1452-7 pubmed
    ..Review of disease resistance literature suggests further avenues of research involving the candidates isolated in this screen. ..
  57. Yoshioka K, Moeder W, Kang H, Kachroo P, Masmoudi K, Berkowitz G, et al. The chimeric Arabidopsis CYCLIC NUCLEOTIDE-GATED ION CHANNEL11/12 activates multiple pathogen resistance responses. Plant Cell. 2006;18:747-63 pubmed
    ..Moreover, the requirement for both NDR1-dependent and EDS1/PAD4-dependent pathways for cpr22-mediated resistance suggests that these pathways are cross-regulated. ..
  58. Inderbitzin P, Asvarak T, Turgeon B. Six new genes required for production of T-toxin, a polyketide determinant of high virulence of Cochliobolus heterostrophus to maize. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2010;23:458-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The unresolved evolutionary history and distinctive gene signature of the PKS (fast-evolving, discontinuous taxonomic distribution) leaves open the question of lateral or vertical transmission. ..
  59. Iyer Pascuzzi A, Jiang H, Huang L, McCouch S. Genetic and functional characterization of the rice bacterial blight disease resistance gene xa5. Phytopathology. 2008;98:289-95 pubmed publisher
    ..These results support a model in which xa5-mediated recessive resistance is the result of restricted bacterial movement, but not restricted multiplication. ..
  60. Thompson J, Doun S, Perry K. Compensatory capsid protein mutations in cucumber mosaic virus confer systemic infectivity in squash (Cucurbita pepo). J Virol. 2006;80:7740-3 pubmed
    ..The possible effect of these compensatory mutations on other, nonsystemically infecting loop mutants was tested with the F117A mutant and found to be neutral, thus indicating a specificity to the observed changes...
  61. Milgroom M, Cortesi P. Biological control of chestnut blight with hypovirulence: a critical analysis. Annu Rev Phytopathol. 2004;42:311-38 pubmed
    ..Overall, however, not enough is understood about the epidemiological dynamics of this system to determine the crucial factors regulating the establishment of hypovirulence in chestnut forests...