Genomes and Genes
Experts and Doctors on caenorhabditis elegans proteins in Ithaca, New York, United States
Locale: Ithaca, New York, United States
Topic: caenorhabditis elegans proteins
- Aceto D, Beers M, Kemphues K. Interaction of PAR-6 with CDC-42 is required for maintenance but not establishment of PAR asymmetry in C. elegans. Dev Biol. 2006;299:386-97 pubmed..We conclude that the CDC-42 interaction with PAR-6 is not required for the initial establishment of asymmetry but is required for maximal cortical accumulation of PAR-6 and to maintain its asymmetry. ..
- Watts J, Morton D, Bestman J, Kemphues K. The C. elegans par-4 gene encodes a putative serine-threonine kinase required for establishing embryonic asymmetry. Development. 2000;127:1467-75 pubmed..We find no asymmetry in the distribution of PAR-4 protein in C. elegans embryos. The distribution of PAR-4 protein in early embryos is unaffected by mutations in the other par genes. ..
- Tian C, Shi H, Colledge C, Stern M, Waterston R, Liu J. The C. elegans SoxC protein SEM-2 opposes differentiation factors to promote a proliferative blast cell fate in the postembryonic mesoderm. Development. 2011;138:1033-43 pubmed publisher..elegans M lineage suggests a possible more general link between Hox-PBC factors and SoxC proteins in regulating cell proliferation. ..
- Kim S, Selote D, Vatamaniuk O. The N-terminal extension domain of the C. elegans half-molecule ABC transporter, HMT-1, is required for protein-protein interactions and function. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e12938 pubmed publisher..Whether HMTs act as oligomers and what role the NTE domain plays in their function have not been determined...
- Li J, Ebata A, Dong Y, Rizki G, Iwata T, Lee S. Caenorhabditis elegans HCF-1 functions in longevity maintenance as a DAF-16 regulator. PLoS Biol. 2008;6:e233 pubmed publisher..As HCF-1 is highly conserved, our findings have important implications for aging and FOXO regulation in mammals. ..
- Liu J, Lee K, Segura Totten M, Neufeld E, Wilson K, Gruenbaum Y. MAN1 and emerin have overlapping function(s) essential for chromosome segregation and cell division in Caenorhabditis elegans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:4598-603 pubmed..These findings show that LEM domain proteins are essential for cell division and that Ce-emerin and Ce-MAN1 share at least one and possibly multiple overlapping functions, which may be relevant to Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy...
- Li J, Tewari M, Vidal M, Lee S. The 14-3-3 protein FTT-2 regulates DAF-16 in Caenorhabditis elegans. Dev Biol. 2007;301:82-91 pubmed..A similar mechanism of regulation of FOXO by 14-3-3zeta has been reported in mammalian cells, highlighting the high degree of conservation of the daf-2/insulin-like signaling pathway. ..
- Jiang Y, Shi H, Liu J. Two Hox cofactors, the Meis/Hth homolog UNC-62 and the Pbx/Exd homolog CEH-20, function together during C. elegans postembryonic mesodermal development. Dev Biol. 2009;334:535-46 pubmed publisher..In particular, we found that ceh-20 is genetically required for the promoter activity of unc-62, providing evidence for another layer of regulatory interactions between MEIS and PBC proteins. ..
- Hurd D, Kemphues K. PAR-1 is required for morphogenesis of the Caenorhabditis elegans vulva. Dev Biol. 2003;253:54-65 pubmed..We propose that PAR-1 activity at the cell cortex is critical for mediating cell shape changes, cell surface composition, or cell signaling during vulval morphogenesis. ..
- Matthews L, Carter P, Thierry Mieg D, Kemphues K. ZYG-9, a Caenorhabditis elegans protein required for microtubule organization and function, is a component of meiotic and mitotic spindle poles. J Cell Biol. 1998;141:1159-68 pubmed..The protein sequence shows partial similarity to a small set of proteins that also localize to spindle poles, suggesting a common activity of the proteins. ..
- Mahanti P, Bose N, Bethke A, Judkins J, Wollam J, Dumas K, et al. Comparative metabolomics reveals endogenous ligands of DAF-12, a nuclear hormone receptor, regulating C. elegans development and lifespan. Cell Metab. 2014;19:73-83 pubmed publisher..Our results demonstrate the advantages of comparative metabolomics over traditional candidate-based approaches and provide a blueprint for the identification of ligands for other C. elegans and mammalian NHRs. ..
- Hale J, Amin N, George C, Via Z, Shi H, Liu J. A role of the LIN-12/Notch signaling pathway in diversifying the non-striated egg-laying muscles in C. elegans. Dev Biol. 2014;389:137-48 pubmed publisher..elegans egg-laying system. We also identify multiple new factors that play critical roles in the proper specification of the different types of egg-laying muscles. ..
- Etemad Moghadam B, Guo S, Kemphues K. Asymmetrically distributed PAR-3 protein contributes to cell polarity and spindle alignment in early C. elegans embryos. Cell. 1995;83:743-52 pubmed..In addition, the distribution of the PAR-3 protein correlates with differences in cleavage spindle orientation and suggests a mechanism by which PAR-3 contributes to control of cleavage pattern. ..
- Cheng N, Kirby C, Kemphues K. Control of cleavage spindle orientation in Caenorhabditis elegans: the role of the genes par-2 and par-3. Genetics. 1995;139:549-59 pubmed..This polar modification leads to different behaviors of centrosomes in the anterior and posterior and leads ultimately to blastomere-specific spindle orientations at the second cleavage. ..
- McCloskey R, Kemphues K. Deubiquitylation machinery is required for embryonic polarity in Caenorhabditis elegans. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1003092 pubmed publisher..elegans raises the possibility that these DUBs act through an evolutionarily conserved mechanism to control cell polarity...
- Schwartz M, Benci J, Selote D, Sharma A, Chen A, Dang H, et al. Detoxification of multiple heavy metals by a half-molecule ABC transporter, HMT-1, and coelomocytes of Caenorhabditis elegans. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e9564 pubmed publisher..Whether HMTs from multicellular organisms confer tolerance only to Cd or also to other heavy metals is not known...
- Li J, Kim H, Aceto D, Hung J, Aono S, Kemphues K. Binding to PKC-3, but not to PAR-3 or to a conventional PDZ domain ligand, is required for PAR-6 function in C. elegans. Dev Biol. 2010;340:88-98 pubmed publisher..We conclude that PAR-6 binding to PKC-3, but not to PAR-3 nor to a conventional PDZ ligand, is required for PAR-6 cortical localization and function in C. elegans. ..
- Guo S, Kemphues K. par-1, a gene required for establishing polarity in C. elegans embryos, encodes a putative Ser/Thr kinase that is asymmetrically distributed. Cell. 1995;81:611-20 pubmed..Because PAR-1 distribution in the germline correlates with the distribution of germline-specific P granules, it is possible that PAR-1 functions in germline development as well as in establishing embryonic polarity. ..
- Beers M, Kemphues K. Depletion of the co-chaperone CDC-37 reveals two modes of PAR-6 cortical association in C. elegans embryos. Development. 2006;133:3745-54 pubmed..We propose that, in wild-type embryos, CDC-37-mediated inhibition of the CDC-42-dependent binding site and PAR-3-mediated release of this inhibition provide a key mechanism for the anterior accumulation of PAR-6. ..
- Aono S, Legouis R, Hoose W, Kemphues K. PAR-3 is required for epithelial cell polarity in the distal spermatheca of C. elegans. Development. 2004;131:2865-74 pubmed..We propose that PAR-3 activity is required for the proper polarization of spermathecal cells and that defective ovulation results from defective distal spermathecal development. ..
- Morton D, Shakes D, Nugent S, Dichoso D, Wang W, Golden A, et al. The Caenorhabditis elegans par-5 gene encodes a 14-3-3 protein required for cellular asymmetry in the early embryo. Dev Biol. 2002;241:47-58 pubmed..Our analysis indicates that the par-5 14-3-3 gene plays a crucial role in the early events leading to polarization of the C. elegans zygote. ..
- Watts J, Etemad Moghadam B, Guo S, Boyd L, Draper B, Mello C, et al. par-6, a gene involved in the establishment of asymmetry in early C. elegans embryos, mediates the asymmetric localization of PAR-3. Development. 1996;122:3133-40 pubmed..In addition, we find that loss-of-function par-6 mutations act as dominant bypass suppressors of loss-of-function mutations in par-2. ..
- Rose L, Kemphues K. The let-99 gene is required for proper spindle orientation during cleavage of the C. elegans embryo. Development. 1998;125:1337-46 pubmed
- Hung T, Kemphues K. PAR-6 is a conserved PDZ domain-containing protein that colocalizes with PAR-3 in Caenorhabditis elegans embryos. Development. 1999;126:127-35 pubmed..The co-dependence of PAR-3, PAR-6 and PKC-3 for peripheral localization and the overlap in their distributions lead us to propose that they act in a protein complex. ..
- Kemphues K. PARsing embryonic polarity. Cell. 2000;101:345-8 pubmed
- Amin N, Lim S, Shi H, Chan T, Liu J. A conserved Six-Eya cassette acts downstream of Wnt signaling to direct non-myogenic versus myogenic fates in the C. elegans postembryonic mesoderm. Dev Biol. 2009;331:350-60 pubmed publisher..These factors are conserved in both vertebrates and invertebrates, suggesting a conserved paradigm for mesoderm development in metazoans. ..
- Amin N, Hu K, Pruyne D, Terzic D, Bretscher A, Liu J. A Zn-finger/FH2-domain containing protein, FOZI-1, acts redundantly with CeMyoD to specify striated body wall muscle fates in the Caenorhabditis elegans postembryonic mesoderm. Development. 2007;134:19-29 pubmed..elegans postembryonic mesoderm, implicating a remarkable level of complexity for the production of a simple striated musculature in C. elegans. ..
- Liachko N, Davidowitz R, Lee S. Combined informatic and expression screen identifies the novel DAF-16 target HLH-13. Dev Biol. 2009;327:97-105 pubmed publisher..Considering the high conservation of IIS in diverse species, our results also hint at an intriguing connection of IIS and Ptf1a in mammals. ..
- Jiang Y, Horner V, Liu J. The HMX homeodomain protein MLS-2 regulates cleavage orientation, cell proliferation and cell fate specification in the C. elegans postembryonic mesoderm. Development. 2005;132:4119-30 pubmed..Furthermore, the C. elegans Myod homolog HLH-1 acts downstream of mls-2 to specify M-derived coelomocyte cell fates. Thus MLS-2 functions in a cell type-specific manner to regulate both cell proliferation and cell fate specification. ..
- Tian C, Shi H, Xiong S, Hu F, Xiong W, Liu J. The neogenin/DCC homolog UNC-40 promotes BMP signaling via the RGM protein DRAG-1 in C. elegans. Development. 2013;140:4070-80 pubmed publisher..Mouse neogenin lacking the intracellular domain is also capable of mediating BMP signaling. These findings reveal an unexpected mode of action for neogenin regulation of BMP signaling. ..
- Jiang Y, Shi H, Amin N, Sultan I, Liu J. Mesodermal expression of the C. elegans HMX homolog mls-2 requires the PBC homolog CEH-20. Mech Dev. 2008;125:451-61 pubmed publisher..elegans PBC homolog CEH-20 is required for mls-2 expression in the M lineage. Our data suggest that mls-2 might be a direct target of CEH-20 in the M lineage and that the regulation of CEH-20 on mls-2 is likely Hox-independent. ..
- Boyd L, Guo S, Levitan D, Stinchcomb D, Kemphues K. PAR-2 is asymmetrically distributed and promotes association of P granules and PAR-1 with the cortex in C. elegans embryos. Development. 1996;122:3075-84 pubmed..We also find that, although par-2 activity is not required for posterior localization of P granules at the one-cell stage, it is required for proper cortical association of P granules in P1. ..
- Guo S, Kemphues K. A non-muscle myosin required for embryonic polarity in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature. 1996;382:455-8 pubmed..We therefore conclude the NMY-2 is required for establishing cellular polarity in C. elegans embryos. ..
- Foehr M, Lindy A, Fairbank R, Amin N, Xu M, Yanowitz J, et al. An antagonistic role for the C. elegans Schnurri homolog SMA-9 in modulating TGFbeta signaling during mesodermal patterning. Development. 2006;133:2887-96 pubmed..Our studies have uncovered an unexpected role of SMA-9 in antagonizing the TGFbeta signaling pathway during mesodermal patterning, suggesting a novel mode of function for the SMA-9/Schnurri family of proteins. ..
- Beatty A, Morton D, Kemphues K. The C. elegans homolog of Drosophila Lethal giant larvae functions redundantly with PAR-2 to maintain polarity in the early embryo. Development. 2010;137:3995-4004 pubmed publisher..LGL-1 negatively regulates the accumulation of myosin (NMY-2) on the posterior cortex, representing a possible mechanism by which LGL-1 might contribute to polarity maintenance. ..
- Foehr M, Liu J. Dorsoventral patterning of the C. elegans postembryonic mesoderm requires both LIN-12/Notch and TGFbeta signaling. Dev Biol. 2008;313:256-66 pubmed..Our work provides a model for how combined Notch and TGFbeta signaling regulates the developmental potential of two equipotent cells along the dorsoventral axis. ..
- Beatty A, Morton D, Kemphues K. PAR-2, LGL-1 and the CDC-42 GAP CHIN-1 act in distinct pathways to maintain polarity in the C. elegans embryo. Development. 2013;140:2005-14 pubmed publisher..Finally, we show that, in addition to its primary role in regulating the size of the anterior cortical domain via its binding to PAR-6, CDC-42 has a secondary role in regulating cortical myosin that is not dependent on PAR-6...
- Amin N, Shi H, Liu J. The FoxF/FoxC factor LET-381 directly regulates both cell fate specification and cell differentiation in C. elegans mesoderm development. Development. 2010;137:1451-60 pubmed publisher..Our results unify a diverse set of studies on the functions of FoxF/FoxC factors and provide a model for how FoxF/FoxC factors function during mesoderm development. ..
- Ludewig A, Gimond C, Judkins J, Thornton S, Pulido D, Micikas R, et al. Larval crowding accelerates C. elegans development and reduces lifespan. PLoS Genet. 2017;13:e1006717 pubmed publisher..Our results demonstrate how inter-organismal signaling during development regulates reproductive maturation and longevity. ..