Experts and Doctors on capsicum in Seoul, South Korea


Locale: Seoul, South Korea
Topic: capsicum

Top Publications

  1. Isbat M, Zeba N, Kim S, Hong C. A BAX inhibitor-1 gene in Capsicum annuum is induced under various abiotic stresses and endows multi-tolerance in transgenic tobacco. J Plant Physiol. 2009;166:1685-93 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate that CaBI-1 is a BI-1 gene of which expression induced under various abiotic stresses and endows tolerance to several types of environmental stresses. ..
  2. Kim S, Kim K, Jang S, Shin E, Kim M, Oh S, et al. Prevalence and toxigenic profiles of Bacillus cereus isolated from dried red peppers, rice, and Sunsik in Korea. J Food Prot. 2009;72:578-82 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that (i) the examined foods were free of the emetic toxin but not free of enterotoxins and (ii) the distribution of enterotoxigenic genes was significantly different among the B. cereus isolates from various sources. ..
  3. Kim K, Nam Y. The analgesic effects of capsicum plaster at the Zusanli point after abdominal hysterectomy. Anesth Analg. 2006;103:709-13 pubmed
    ..01). PAS at Zusanli points decreased the postoperative opioid requirement and opioid-related side effects of patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy. ..
  4. Park M, Park J, Kim S, Kwon J, Park H, Bae I, et al. Evolution of the large genome in Capsicum annuum occurred through accumulation of single-type long terminal repeat retrotransposons and their derivatives. Plant J. 2012;69:1018-29 pubmed publisher
    ..This repeat was found not only in the pepper genome but also in the other solanaceous species, such as potato and tomato. These results represent a characteristic mechanism for large genome evolution in plants...
  5. Sang M, Kim K. Biocontrol activity and primed systemic resistance by compost water extracts against anthracnoses of pepper and cucumber. Phytopathology. 2011;101:732-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the CWEs might suppress anthracnoses on leaves of both pepper and cucumber through primed (priming-mediated) systemic resistance. ..
  6. Lee S, Hwang B. Identification of the pepper SAR8.2 gene as a molecular marker for pathogen infection, abiotic elicitors and environmental stresses in Capsicum annuum. Planta. 2003;216:387-96 pubmed
    ..capsici, or treated with salicylic acid. These results thus suggest that pepper SAR8.2 genes may be valuable as a molecular marker for the detection of various pathogen infections, abiotic elicitors and environmental stresses. ..
  7. Park H, Lee J, Moon S, Hwang B. Isolation and anti-oomycete activity of nyasol from Anemarrhena asphodeloides rhizomes. Phytochemistry. 2003;64:997-1001 pubmed
    ..In a greenhouse test, treatment with the antifungal compound nyasol was significantly effective in suppressing the Phytophthora blight on pepper plants. ..
  8. Jun H, Park T, Lee C, Kang M, Park M, Kang H, et al. Capsaicin induced apoptosis of B16-F10 melanoma cells through down-regulation of Bcl-2. Food Chem Toxicol. 2007;45:708-15 pubmed
    ..In contrast, there were no alterations in the levels of Bax in capsaicin-treated cells. Collectively, these findings indicate that capsaicin-induces apoptosis of B16-F10 melanoma cells via down-regulation the Bcl-2. ..
  9. An S, Pandeya D, Park S, Li J, Kwon J, Koeda S, et al. Characterization and genetic analysis of a low-temperature-sensitive mutant, sy-2, in Capsicum chinense. Theor Appl Genet. 2011;122:459-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Candidate genes in this region will reveal the identity of sy-2 and the underlying mechanism of the temperature-dependent plant response. ..

More Information


  1. Choi H, Lee D, Hwang B. The pepper calmodulin gene CaCaM1 is involved in reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide generation required for cell death and the defense response. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2009;22:1389-400 pubmed publisher
    ..syringae pv. tomato-induced NO generation was also compromised in CaCaM1-OX leaves. Together, these results suggest that the CaCaM1 gene functions in ROS and NO generation are essential for cell death and defense responses in plants...
  2. Shin R, An J, Park C, Kim Y, Joo S, Kim W, et al. Capsicum annuum tobacco mosaic virus-induced clone 1 expression perturbation alters the plant's response to ethylene and interferes with the redox homeostasis. Plant Physiol. 2004;135:561-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, we propose that the CaTin1 up-regulation or down-regulation interferes with the redox balance of plants leading to the altered response to ethylene and biotic as well as abiotic stresses...
  3. Yeom S, Baek H, Oh S, Kang W, Lee S, Lee J, et al. Use of a secretion trap screen in pepper following Phytophthora capsici infection reveals novel functions of secreted plant proteins in modulating cell death. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2011;24:671-84 pubmed publisher
    ..These results provide evidence that the CaS genes may play important roles in pathogen defense as well as developmental processes...
  4. Kim K, Kim D, Yu Y. The effect of capsicum plaster in pain after inguinal hernia repair in children. Paediatr Anaesth. 2006;16:1036-41 pubmed
    ..Placement of capsicum plaster at the Zusanli points reduces pain and postoperative opioid consumption in children undergoing inguinal hernia repair, but not in the first six postoperative hours. ..
  5. Jang M, Kim J, Kalme S, Han J, Yoo H, Kim J, et al. Cloning, purification, and polymerization of Capsicum annuum recombinant alpha and beta tubulin. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2008;72:1048-55 pubmed
    ..The purified tubulins were polymerized to microtubule-like structures in the presence of 2 mM guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP). ..
  6. Kim S, Bae C, Oh S, Choi D. A pepper (Capsicum annuum?L.) metacaspase 9 (Camc9) plays a role in pathogen-induced cell death in plants. Mol Plant Pathol. 2013;14:557-66 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that Camc9 is a possible member of the metacaspase gene family and plays a role as a positive regulator of pathogen-induced cell death in the plant kingdom. ..
  7. Kim Y, Park Y, Yang S, Kim S, Hyun S, Cho S, et al. Hypoxanthine levels in human urine serve as a screening indicator for the plasma total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein modulation activities of fermented red pepper paste. Nutr Res. 2010;30:455-61 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, their levels of hypoxanthine differed markedly. We propose that urinary hypoxanthine levels can be used as a screening biomarker to predict the efficacy of the cholesterol-modulating activity of FRPP in human subjects. ..
  8. Kim D, Kim D, Yoo J, Kim B. Cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence and amplified fragment length polymorphism markers linked to the fertility restorer gene in chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Mol Cells. 2006;21:135-40 pubmed
    ..The AFRF8CAPS marker was shown to be closest to Rf with a genetic distance of 1.8 cM. These markers will be useful for fast and reliable detection of restorer lines during F(1) hybrid seed production and breeding programs in pepper. ..
  9. Kim J, An C, Park J, Lim Y, Kim S. Carotenoid profiling from 27 types of paprika (Capsicum annuum L.) with different colors, shapes, and cultivation methods. Food Chem. 2016;201:64-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Three new cultivars of the conical type were cultivated in both soil culture and soilless culture in the same province, and carotenoid profiles and concentrations were similar, showing that both cultivations methods can be used. ..
  10. Kang J, Kim S, Moon B. Optimization by response surface methodology of lutein recovery from paprika leaves using accelerated solvent extraction. Food Chem. 2016;205:140-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The optimum extraction conditions for lutein were temperature: 93.26°C, static time: 5 min, and solvent: 79.63% EtOH. Under these conditions, the predicted extraction yield of lutein was 232.60 μg/g. ..
  11. Lee D, Kim D, Hwang B. The pepper RNA-binding protein CaRBP1 functions in hypersensitive cell death and defense signaling in the cytoplasm. Plant J. 2012;72:235-48 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results suggest that cytoplasmic localization of CaRBP1 is required for plant signaling of hypersensitive cell-death and defense responses. ..
  12. Hong J, Choi H, Hwang I, Hwang B. Role of a novel pathogen-induced pepper C3-H-C4 type RING-finger protein gene, CaRFPI, in disease susceptibility and osmotic stress tolerance. Plant Mol Biol. 2007;63:571-88 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that the CaRFP1 gene functions as an early defense regulator controlling bacterial disease susceptibility and osmotic stress tolerance...
  13. Hwang I, An S, Hwang B. Pepper asparagine synthetase 1 (CaAS1) is required for plant nitrogen assimilation and defense responses to microbial pathogens. Plant J. 2011;67:749-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Linking transcriptional and targeted metabolite studies, our results suggest that CaAS1 is required for asparagine synthesis and disease resistance in plants. ..
  14. Choi H, Hwang B. The pepper extracellular peroxidase CaPO2 is required for salt, drought and oxidative stress tolerance as well as resistance to fungal pathogens. Planta. 2012;235:1369-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these results provide evidence for the involvement of pepper extracellular peroxidase CaPO2 in plant defense responses to various abiotic stresses and plant fungal pathogens...
  15. Yeom S, Seo E, Oh S, Kim K, Choi D. A common plant cell-wall protein HyPRP1 has dual roles as a positive regulator of cell death and a negative regulator of basal defense against pathogens. Plant J. 2012;69:755-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, our results suggest that a common plant cell-wall structural protein, HyPRP1, performs distinct dual roles in positive regulation of cell death and negative regulation of basal defense against pathogen...
  16. Lee B, Kwon S, Kim S, Kim K, Park C, Kim Y, et al. Functional study of hot pepper 26S proteasome subunit RPN7 induced by Tobacco mosaic virus from nuclear proteome analysis. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006;351:405-11 pubmed
    ..Thus, this report presents that the TMV-induced CaRPN7 may be involved in programmed cell death (PCD) in the hot pepper plant. ..
  17. Kang W, Seo J, Chung B, Kim K, Kang B. Helicase domain encoded by Cucumber mosaic virus RNA1 determines systemic infection of Cmr1 in pepper. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e43136 pubmed publisher
    ..Whereas four amino acids are responsible for acquiring virulence in CMV-Fny, six amino acid (positions at 865, 896, 901, 957, 980 and 993) substitutions in CMV-P1 were required for complete loss of virulence in 'Bukang'. ..
  18. Kim D, Hwang B. The pepper receptor-like cytoplasmic protein kinase CaPIK1 is involved in plant signaling of defense and cell-death responses. Plant J. 2011;66:642-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Salicylic acid levels in CaPIK1-OX plants are higher than those in wild-type plants. Together, these results suggest that CaPIK1 modulates the signaling required for the salicylic acid-dependent defense response to pathogen infection. ..
  19. Hong J, Choi H, Hwang I, Kim D, Kim N, Choi D, et al. Function of a novel GDSL-type pepper lipase gene, CaGLIP1, in disease susceptibility and abiotic stress tolerance. Planta. 2008;227:539-58 pubmed publisher
    ..Overexpression of CaGLIP1 also regulated glucose- and oxidative stress signaling. Together, these results indicate that CaGLIP1 modulates disease susceptibility and abiotic stress tolerance...
  20. Jeong S, Lee H, Jung J, Lee S, Seo H, Park W, et al. Effects of red pepper powder on microbial communities and metabolites during kimchi fermentation. Int J Food Microbiol. 2013;160:252-9 pubmed publisher
  21. Choi H, Kim Y, Lee S, Hong J, Hwang B. Hydrogen peroxide generation by the pepper extracellular peroxidase CaPO2 activates local and systemic cell death and defense response to bacterial pathogens. Plant Physiol. 2007;145:890-904 pubmed
    ..Together, these results indicate that the CaPO2 peroxidase is involved in ROS generation, both locally and systemically, to activate cell death and PR gene induction during the defense response to pathogen invasion. ..
  22. An S, Choi H, Hwang I, Hong J, Hwang B. A novel pepper membrane-located receptor-like protein gene CaMRP1 is required for disease susceptibility, methyl jasmonate insensitivity and salt tolerance. Plant Mol Biol. 2008;67:519-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results suggest that pepper CaMRP1 may belong to a new subfamily of membrane-located receptor-like proteins that regulate disease susceptibility, MeJA-insensitivity and salt tolerance. ..
  23. Lee M, Song Y, Ryu K. Development of infectious transcripts from full-length and GFP-tagged cDNA clones of Pepper mottle virus and stable systemic expression of GFP in tobacco and pepper. Virus Res. 2011;155:487-94 pubmed publisher
    ..This study is the first report of the construction of a biologically active, full-length cDNA copy of the Pepper mottle virus RNA genome and the stable expression of a foreign gene within the modified virus. ..
  24. Rhie M, Min B, Hong J, Song Y, Ryu K. Complete genome sequence supports bell pepper mottle virus as a species of the genus Tobamovirus. Arch Virol. 2007;152:1401-7 pubmed
    ..These data represent the first molecular evidence supporting BPeMV as a separate species of the genus Tobamovirus. ..
  25. Kim S, Park M, Yeom S, Kim Y, Lee J, Lee H, et al. Genome sequence of the hot pepper provides insights into the evolution of pungency in Capsicum species. Nat Genet. 2014;46:270-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We found differential molecular patterns of ripening regulators and ethylene synthesis in hot pepper and tomato. The reference genome will serve as a platform for improving the nutritional and medicinal values of Capsicum species. ..
  26. Choi H, Lee B, Kim N, Park Y, Lim C, Song H, et al. A role for a menthone reductase in resistance against microbial pathogens in plants. Plant Physiol. 2008;148:383-401 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results indicate that the novel menthone reductase gene CaMNR1 and its ortholog AtSDR1 positively regulate plant defenses against a broad spectrum of pathogens...
  27. Sarowar S, Kim Y, Kim K, Hwang B, Ok S, Shin J. Overexpression of lipid transfer protein (LTP) genes enhances resistance to plant pathogens and LTP functions in long-distance systemic signaling in tobacco. Plant Cell Rep. 2009;28:419-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Induced resistance responses in grafted scion leaves revealed that LTP plays a role in long-distance systemic signaling in plants. ..
  28. Jung E, Jung H, Lee S, Han S, Heu S, Hwang B. Identification of a novel pathogen-induced gene encoding a leucine-rich repeat protein expressed in phloem cells of Capsicum annuum. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2004;1676:211-22 pubmed
    ..The location characteristics and the spatio-temporal expression pattern of CALRR1 suggest that it may play a role in protecting phloem cells against biotic and abiotic stresses affecting phloem function. ..
  29. Min H, Jung Y, Kang B, Kim W. CaPUB1, a Hot Pepper U-box E3 Ubiquitin Ligase, Confers Enhanced Cold Stress Tolerance and Decreased Drought Stress Tolerance in Transgenic Rice (Oryza sativa L.). Mol Cells. 2016;39:250-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This raises the possibility that CaPUB1 participates in the cross-talk between drought and low-temperature signaling pathways. ..
  30. Lee Y, Cha Y, Park Y, Lee M. PPAR?2 C1431T Polymorphism Interacts with the Antiobesogenic Effects of Kochujang, a Korean Fermented, Soybean-Based Red Pepper Paste, in Overweight/Obese Subjects: A 12-Week, Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial. J Med Food. 2017;20:610-617 pubmed publisher
    ..The obesogenic variables affected by the T mutant allele of PPAR?2 C1431T SNP were different in overweight/obese subjects in response to Kochujang. ..
  31. Mang H, Lee J, Park J, Pyee J, Pai H, Lee J, et al. The CaPRP1 gene encoding a putative proline-rich glycoprotein is highly expressed in rapidly elongating early roots and leaves in hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. Pukang). Biochim Biophys Acta. 2004;1674:103-8 pubmed
    ..Although the physiological function of CaPRP1 is not yet clear, there are several possibilities for its role in cell expansion and elongation during early development of hot pepper plants. ..
  32. Hwang J, Li J, Liu W, An S, Cho H, Her N, et al. Double mutations in eIF4E and eIFiso4E confer recessive resistance to Chilli veinal mottle virus in pepper. Mol Cells. 2009;27:329-36 pubmed publisher
    ..These results demonstrated that ChiVMV can use both eIF4E and eIFiso4E for replication, making simultaneous mutations in eIF4E and eIFiso4E necessary to prevent ChiVMV infection in pepper...
  33. Kim K, Kim K, Hwang K, Park C. Capsicum plaster at the Hegu point reduces postoperative analgesic requirement after orthognathic surgery. Anesth Analg. 2009;108:992-6 pubmed publisher
    ..01). The capsicum plaster at the Hegu acupoints decreased the postoperative opioid requirements and opioid-related side effects in patients after orthognathic surgery. ..
  34. Li J, Pandeya D, Jo Y, Liu W, Kang B. Reduced activity of ATP synthase in mitochondria causes cytoplasmic male sterility in chili pepper. Planta. 2013;237:1097-109 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, further functional analysis of mitochondrial Orf507 will provide insights into the mechanisms underlying CMS in plants...
  35. Lee H, Kim Y, Kim J, Choi G, Park S, Kim C, et al. Activity of some aminoglycoside antibiotics against true fungi, Phytophthora and Pythium species. J Appl Microbiol. 2005;99:836-43 pubmed
    ..To investigate the in vitro antifungal and antioomycete activities of some aminoglycosides against true fungi and Phytophthora and Pythium species and to evaluate the potential of the antibiotics against Phytophthora late blight on plants...
  36. Hwang I, Hwang B. The pepper 9-lipoxygenase gene CaLOX1 functions in defense and cell death responses to microbial pathogens. Plant Physiol. 2010;152:948-67 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results suggest that CaLOX1 and AtLOX1 positively regulate defense and cell death responses to microbial pathogens. ..
  37. Do H, Hong J, Jung H, Kim S, Ham J, Hwang B. Expression of peroxidase-like genes, H2O2 production, and peroxidase activity during the hypersensitive response to Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria in Capsicum annuum. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2003;16:196-205 pubmed
  38. Chung S, Kim J, Kim M, Hong M, Lee J, Kim C, et al. Survey of nitrate and nitrite contents of vegetables grown in Korea. Food Addit Contam. 2003;20:621-8 pubmed
  39. Kim N, Kim B, Hwang B. Pepper arginine decarboxylase is required for polyamine and ?-aminobutyric acid signaling in cell death and defense response. Plant Physiol. 2013;162:2067-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results suggest that CaADC1 may act as a key defense and cell death regulator via mediation of polyamine and GABA metabolism. ..
  40. Lee S, Kim Y, Hwang B. A pathogen-induced chitin-binding protein gene from pepper: its isolation and differential expression in pepper tissues treated with pathogens, ethephon, methyl jasmonate or wounding. Plant Cell Physiol. 2001;42:1321-30 pubmed
    ..These data suggest that ethylene and jasmonate may act as signal molecules in the signal transduction pathways of the CBP gene induction during the pepper defense- or pathogenesis-related plant responses. ..
  41. Choi D, Hwang B. Proteomics and functional analyses of pepper abscisic acid-responsive 1 (ABR1), which is involved in cell death and defense signaling. Plant Cell. 2011;23:823-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results reveal ABR1 as a novel negative regulator of ABA signaling and suggest that the nuclear ABR1 pool is essential for the cell death induction associated with ABA-SA antagonism. ..
  42. Jang Y, Shin G, Jung E, Lee S, Lee S, Singh D, et al. Process specific differential metabolomes for industrial gochujang types (pepper paste) manufactured using white rice, brown rice, and wheat. Food Chem. 2017;234:416-424 pubmed publisher
    ..The P3 involved a cumulative increase in primary metabolites in all GCJ samples except lower organic acid contents in WT-GCJ. The pepper derived flavonoids and alkaloids were selectively increased while P4 in all GCJ-types. ..
  43. Lee Y, Seo H, Yeom J, Park W. Molecular characterization of the extracellular matrix in a Pseudomonas putida dsbA mutant: implications for acidic stress defense and plant growth promotion. Res Microbiol. 2011;162:302-10 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings of this study suggested that the overproduced extracellular matrix caused by deletion of the dsbA gene could have pleiotropic effect on P. putida phenotypes, including acidic stress defense and plant growth promotion. ..
  44. Kim H, Lee J, Kim J, Kim C, Jun S, Hong Y. Molecular and functional characterization of CaLEA6, the gene for a hydrophobic LEA protein from Capsicum annuum. Gene. 2005;344:115-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, we suggest that CaLEA6 protein plays a potentially protective role when water deficit is induced by dehydration and high salinity, but not low temperature...
  45. Cho S, Kim J, Park J, Eom T, Kim W. Constitutive expression of abiotic stress-inducible hot pepper CaXTH3, which encodes a xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase homolog, improves drought and salt tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis plants. FEBS Lett. 2006;580:3136-44 pubmed publisher
  46. Kim H, Han J, Kim S, Lee H, Shin J, Kim J, et al. Trichome density of main stem is tightly linked to PepMoV resistance in chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Theor Appl Genet. 2011;122:1051-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that the level of trichome density on pepper main stem can be used as a morphological marker for Pvr4 in pepper breeding. ..
  47. Choi H, Kim Y, Hwang B. The hypersensitive induced reaction and leucine-rich repeat proteins regulate plant cell death associated with disease and plant immunity. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2011;24:68-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that leucine-rich repeat and hypersensitive induced reaction proteins may act as cell-death regulators associated with plant immunity and disease. ..
  48. Seo Y, Kim E, Mang H, Kim W. Heterologous expression, and biochemical and cellular characterization of CaPLA1 encoding a hot pepper phospholipase A1 homolog. Plant J. 2008;53:895-908 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss possible biochemical and cellular functions of CaPLA1 in relation to the phospholipid signaling pathway in hot pepper and transgenic Arabidopsis plants...
  49. Kim S, Hong J, Lee S, Sohn K, Jung H, Hwang B. CAZFP1, Cys2/His2-type zinc-finger transcription factor gene functions as a pathogen-induced early-defense gene in Capsicum annuum. Plant Mol Biol. 2004;55:883-904 pubmed publisher
    ..tomato, but also the drought tolerance. These results suggest that the CAZFP1 gene functions as an early-defense gene to enhance disease resistance and drought tolerance...
  50. Kim D, Hwang B. The pepper MLO gene, CaMLO2, is involved in the susceptibility cell-death response and bacterial and oomycete proliferation. Plant J. 2012;72:843-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, our results suggest that CaMLO2 is involved in the susceptibility cell-death response and bacterial and oomycete proliferation in pepper and Arabidopsis...
  51. Lee B, Kim S, Choi S, Bae J, Kim K, Kim Y, et al. Pathogen-inducible CaUGT1 is involved in resistance response against TMV infection by controlling salicylic acid accumulation. FEBS Lett. 2009;583:2315-20 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggested that the CaUGT1 gene was involved in resistance response against TMV infection by controlling the accumulation of SA...
  52. Cho S, Chung H, Ryu M, Park M, Lee M, Bahk Y, et al. Heterologous expression and molecular and cellular characterization of CaPUB1 encoding a hot pepper U-Box E3 ubiquitin ligase homolog. Plant Physiol. 2006;142:1664-82 pubmed publisher
  53. Bae C, Kim S, Lee D, Choi D. Multiple classes of immune-related proteases associated with the cell death response in pepper plants. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e63533 pubmed publisher
    ..With these results, we created a broad sketch of each protease function. This information will provide basic information for further understanding the roles of the protease superfamily in plant growth, development, and defense...
  54. Choi D, Hwang I, Hwang B. Requirement of the cytosolic interaction between PATHOGENESIS-RELATED PROTEIN10 and LEUCINE-RICH REPEAT PROTEIN1 for cell death and defense signaling in pepper. Plant Cell. 2012;24:1675-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results suggest that the cytosolic LRR-PR10 complex is responsible for cell death-mediated defense signaling. ..
  55. Seo E, Yeom S, Jo S, Jeong H, Kang B, Choi D. Ectopic expression of Capsicum-specific cell wall protein Capsicum annuum senescence-delaying 1 (CaSD1) delays senescence and induces trichome formation in Nicotiana benthamiana. Mol Cells. 2012;33:415-22 pubmed publisher
    ..These observations imply that the pepper-specific cell wall protein CaSD1 plays roles in plant growth and development by regulating cell division and differentiation...
  56. Sang M, Kim J, Kim K. Biocontrol activity and induction of systemic resistance in pepper by compost water extracts against Phytophthora capsici. Phytopathology. 2010;100:774-83 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, these suppressions might result from direct inhibition of development and population of P. capsici for root infection, as well as indirect inhibition of foliar infection through ISR with broad-spectrum protection. ..
  57. Hwang I, Hwang B. The pepper mannose-binding lectin gene CaMBL1 is required to regulate cell death and defense responses to microbial pathogens. Plant Physiol. 2011;155:447-63 pubmed publisher
  58. Hwang D, Park J, Lim J, Kim D, Choi Y, Kim S, et al. The hot pepper (Capsicum annuum) microRNA transcriptome reveals novel and conserved targets: a foundation for understanding MicroRNA functional roles in hot pepper. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e64238 pubmed publisher
    ..This work provides the first reliable draft of the pepper miRNA transcriptome. It offers an expanded picture of pepper miRNAs in relation to other plants, providing a basis for understanding the functional roles of miRNAs in pepper...
  59. Lee S, Choi D. Comparative transcriptome analysis of pepper (Capsicum annuum) revealed common regulons in multiple stress conditions and hormone treatments. Plant Cell Rep. 2013;32:1351-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This study revealed that there are complex regulons in pepper plant to both biotic and abiotic stress conditions...
  60. Hwang B, Lim S, Kim B, Lee J, Moon S. Isolation and in vivo and in vitro antifungal activity of phenylacetic acid and sodium phenylacetate from Streptomyces humidus. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2001;67:3739-45 pubmed
    ..capsici. However, the in vivo control efficacies of the two antifungal compounds against P. capsici infection on pepper plants were similar to those of H(3)PO(3) and fosetyl-AI but less than that of metalaxyl. ..
  61. Lee S, Hwang I, Choi H, Hwang B. Involvement of the pepper antimicrobial protein CaAMP1 gene in broad spectrum disease resistance. Plant Physiol. 2008;148:1004-20 pubmed publisher
    ..2 during P. syringae pv tomato infection. Together, these results suggest that the antimicrobial CaAMP1 protein is involved in broad-spectrum resistance to bacterial and fungal pathogen infection. ..
  62. Kim E, Seo Y, Lee H, Kim W. Constitutive expression of CaSRP1, a hot pepper small rubber particle protein homolog, resulted in fast growth and improved drought tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis plants. Planta. 2010;232:71-83 pubmed publisher
    ..A possible cellular function of SRPP homologs in non-rubber-producing plants in relation to drought stress tolerance is discussed...
  63. Sang M, Kim K. The volatile-producing Flavobacterium johnsoniae strain GSE09 shows biocontrol activity against Phytophthora capsici in pepper. J Appl Microbiol. 2012;113:383-98 pubmed publisher
    ..capsici. ?To our knowledge, this is the first study demonstrating that the Fl. johnsoniae strain GSE09, as a potential biocontrol agent, can effectively protect pepper plants against P. capsici infection by colonizing the roots. ..
  64. Hong J, Lee S, Hwang B. Activation of pepper basic PR-1 gene promoter during defense signaling to pathogen, abiotic and environmental stresses. Gene. 2005;356:169-80 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that CABPR1 promoter is essential for regulating CABPR1 gene expression in response to pathogen, abiotic and environmental stresses, possibly by transactivating the CAZFP1 and CARAV1 transcription factors. ..
  65. Kim N, Lee D, Choi D, Hwang B. The pepper GNA-related lectin and PAN domain protein gene, CaGLP1, is required for plant cell death and defense signaling during bacterial infection. Plant Sci. 2015;241:307-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results suggest that CaGLP1 is required for plant cell death and defense responses through the reactive oxygen species burst and downstream defense-related gene expression in response to bacterial pathogen challenge. ..
  66. Kim N, Choi H, Hwang B. Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria effector AvrBsT induces cell death in pepper, but suppresses defense responses in tomato. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2010;23:1069-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results suggest that the X. campestris pv. vesicatoria type III effector AvrBsT is differentially recognized by pepper and tomato plants...
  67. Choi H, Kim N, Lee Y, Hwang B. The pepper extracellular xyloglucan-specific endo-?-1,4-glucanase inhibitor protein gene, CaXEGIP1, is required for plant cell death and defense responses. Plant Physiol. 2013;161:384-96 pubmed publisher
    ..This response was also accompanied by cell wall thickening and darkening. Together, these results suggest that pathogen-inducible CaXEGIP1 positively regulates cell death-mediated defense responses in plants...
  68. Lee S, Choi D, Hwang I, Hwang B. The pepper oxidoreductase CaOXR1 interacts with the transcription factor CaRAV1 and is required for salt and osmotic stress tolerance. Plant Mol Biol. 2010;73:409-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results suggest that CaOXR1 protein positively controls CaRAV1-mediated plant defense during biotic and abiotic stresses...
  69. Ahn H, Yoon J, Hong J, Yoon H, Kim M, Ha J, et al. The complete genome sequence of pepper severe mosaic virus and comparison with other potyviruses. Arch Virol. 2006;151:2037-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Our genome sequence data clearly confirmed that PepSMV belongs to a separate species in the genus Potyvirus...
  70. Park C, Shin R, Park J, Lee G, You J, Paek K. Induction of pepper cDNA encoding a lipid transfer protein during the resistance response to tobacco mosaic virus. Plant Mol Biol. 2002;48:243-54 pubmed
    ..These results suggest possible role(s) for LTPs in plant defense against pathogens including viruses. ..
  71. Lee D, Choi H, Hwang B. The pepper E3 ubiquitin ligase RING1 gene, CaRING1, is required for cell death and the salicylic acid-dependent defense response. Plant Physiol. 2011;156:2011-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that CaRING1 is involved in the induction of cell death and the regulation of ubiquitination during the defense response to microbial pathogens...