Experts and Doctors on plant leaves in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India


Locale: Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
Topic: plant leaves

Top Publications

  1. Narendhirakannan R, Subramanian S. Biochemical evaluation of the protective effect of Aegle marmelos (L.), Corr. leaf extract on tissue antioxidant defense system and histological changes of pancreatic beta-cells in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Drug Chem Toxicol. 2010;33:120-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study indicates that extract of A. marmelos modulates the activity of enzymic and nonenzymic antioxidants and enhances the defense against reactive oxygen species-generated damage in diabetic rats. ..
  2. Umamaheswari M, Asokkumar K, Sivashanmugam A, Remyaraju A, Subhadradevi V, Ravi T. In vitro xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity of the fractions of Erythrina stricta Roxb. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;124:646-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Enzyme inhibition mechanism indicated that the mode of inhibition was of a mixed type. These results suggest that the use of Erythrina stricta for the treatment of gout could be attributed to its xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity. ..
  3. Sasikumar J, Doss A, Doss A. Antibacterial activity of Eupatorium glandulosum leaves. Fitoterapia. 2005;76:240-3 pubmed
    ..Antibacterial screening of petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, methanol and aqueous extracts of Eupatorium glandulosum leaves exhibited a broad spectrum of inhibitory activity against Gram (+) and Gram (-) pathogenic bacteria. ..
  4. Kumar S, Suresh P, Vijayababu M, Arunkumar A, Arunakaran J. Anticancer effects of ethanolic neem leaf extract on prostate cancer cell line (PC-3). J Ethnopharmacol. 2006;105:246-50 pubmed
    ..So the neem extract could be potentially effective against prostate cancer treatment. ..
  5. Baskar R, Rajeswari V, Kumar T. In vitro antioxidant studies in leaves of Annona species. Indian J Exp Biol. 2007;45:480-5 pubmed
    ..muricata possess potent in vitro antioxidant activity as compared to leaves of A. squamosa and A. reticulata suggesting its role as an effective free radical scavenger, augmenting its therapeutic ..
  6. Ghosh M. Antifungal properties of haem peroxidase from Acorus calamus. Ann Bot. 2006;98:1145-53 pubmed
    ..This study indicates that peroxidases may have a role to play in host defence by inhibiting the hyphal extension of invading pathogens. ..
  7. Sajeesh T, Arunachalam K, Parimelazhagan T. Antioxidant and antipyretic studies on Pothos scandens L. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2011;4:889-99 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings justify that Pothos scandens can be a valuable natural antioxidant and antipyretic source which seemed to provide potential nutraceuticals for human health. ..
  8. Shanmugaraj B, Chandra H, Srinivasan B, Ramalingam S. Cadmium induced physio-biochemical and molecular response in Brassica juncea. Int J Phytoremediation. 2013;15:206-18 pubmed
    ..These findings could be used to develop heavy metal stress tolerant plants and more importantly, detoxification of heavy metals in the soil. ..
  9. Sundarraj S, Thangam R, Sreevani V, Kaveri K, Gunasekaran P, Achiraman S, et al. ?-Sitosterol from Acacia nilotica L. induces G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis through c-Myc suppression in MCF-7 and A549 cells. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;141:803-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Experimental results of this study suggest that ?-Sitosterol exerts potential anticancer activity through the growth inhibition, cell cycle arrest and the apoptosis on cancer cells. ..

More Information


  1. Karthik R, Chen S, Elangovan A, Muthukrishnan P, Shanmugam R, Lou B. Phyto mediated biogenic synthesis of gold nanoparticles using Cerasus serrulata and its utility in detecting hydrazine, microbial activity and DFT studies. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2016;468:163-175 pubmed publisher
    ..serrulata leaves extract demonstrated greater reducing and stabilizing properties compared to the properties of other compounds like butylhydroxytoluene (BHT) and hydrocoumarin (HCM) present in the extract. ..
  2. Umamaheswari M, AsokKumar K, Somasundaram A, Sivashanmugam T, Subhadradevi V, Ravi T. Xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity of some Indian medical plants. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;109:547-51 pubmed
    ..90+/-0.07 mg/dl, P<0.001) and (6.26+/-0.06 mg/dl, P<0.01), respectively, when compared to hyperuricaemic control (11.42+/-0.14 mg/dl). This effect is almost similar to the serum urate level of allopurinol (3.89+/-0.07 mg/dl). ..
  3. Srinivas C, Sundaram V, Raju B, Prabhu S, Thirumurthy M, Bhaskar A. Achieving asepsis of banana leaves for the management of toxic epidermal necrolysis. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2006;72:201-2 pubmed
    ..We recommend measures to prevent possible transmission of bacterial infection by the leaf. Autoclaved and aseptically handled banana leaves may be used to reduce chance of infection in the treatment of TEN. ..
  4. Ananthan R, Latha M, Ramkumar K, Pari L, Baskar C, Narmatha Bai V. Modulatory effects of Gymnema montanum leaf extract on alloxan-induced oxidative stress in Wistar rats. Nutrition. 2004;20:280-5 pubmed
    ..montanum may be anticipated to have biological significance in eliminating reactive free radicals that may otherwise affect normal cell functioning and provide a scientific rationale for the use of G. montanum as an antidiabetic plant. ..
  5. Ananthan R, Latha M, Pari L, Ramkumar K, Baskar C, Bai V. Effect of Gymnema montanum on blood glucose, plasma insulin, and carbohydrate metabolic enzymes in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. J Med Food. 2003;6:43-9 pubmed
    ..This clearly shows the antidiabetic efficacy of GLEt, which was better than that of glibenclamide. ..
  6. Dipankar C, Murugan S. The green synthesis, characterization and evaluation of the biological activities of silver nanoparticles synthesized from Iresine herbstii leaf aqueous extracts. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2012;98:112-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The powerful bioactivity demonstrated by the synthesized silver nanoparticles leads towards the clinical use as antibacterial, antioxidant as well as cytotoxic agent. ..
  7. Kovendan K, Murugan K, Shanthakumar S, Vincent S, Hwang J. Larvicidal activity of Morinda citrifolia L. (Noni) (Family: Rubiaceae) leaf extract against Anopheles stephensi, Culex quinquefasciatus, and Aedes aegypti. Parasitol Res. 2012;111:1481-90 pubmed
    ..This is a new eco-friendly approach for the control of vector control programs. Therefore, this study provides first report on the larvicidal activities against three species of mosquito vectors of this plant extracts from India...
  8. Kannan N, Guruvayoorappan C. Protective effect of Bauhinia tomentosa on acetic acid induced ulcerative colitis by regulating antioxidant and inflammatory mediators. Int Immunopharmacol. 2013;16:57-66 pubmed publisher
    ..The extracts obtained from B. tomentosa possess active substances, which exert marked protective effects in acute experimental colitis, possibly by regulating the antioxidant and inflammatory mediators...
  9. Rajasekaran A, Sivakumar V, Darlinquine S. Role of Blepharis maderaspatensis and Ammannia baccifera plant extracts on in vitro oxygen radical scavenging, secretion of gastric fluid and gastroprotection on ulcer induced rats. Pharm Biol. 2012;50:1085-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Blepharis maderaspatensis L. Roth (BM) (Acanthaceae) and Ammannia baccifera L. (AB) (Lythraceae) are used in folk medicine for various stomach disorders...
  10. Manjamalai A, Grace V. The chemotherapeutic effect of essential oil of Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour) on lung metastasis developed by B16F-10 cell line in C57BL/6 mice. Cancer Invest. 2013;31:74-82 pubmed publisher
    ..amboinicus (Lour) over lung metastasis that developed. To our knowledge, this is the first report in evaluating the effect of essential oil of P. amboinicus (Lour) using lung cancer model...
  11. Annamalai A, Christina V, Sudha D, Kalpana M, Lakshmi P. Green synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial activity of Au NPs using Euphorbia hirta L. leaf extract. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2013;108:60-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Also the antibacterial activity of the green synthesized Au NPs against bacterial strains of Escherchia coli, Pseudomonas aeroginosa and Klebsiella pneumonia was studied using MIC method, and found to be highly effective. ..
  12. Prabhu S, Vaideki K, Anitha S, Rajendran R. Synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles using Melia dubia leaf extract and its characterisation. IET Nanobiotechnol. 2017;11:62-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, an attempt has been made to correlate the structure with the antimicrobial property of the material. ..
  13. Anandi S, Thangavel P, Subburam V. Influence of aluminium on the restoration potential of a terrestrial vascular plant, Portulaca Oleracea L. as a biomonitoring tool of fresh water aquatic environments. Environ Monit Assess. 2002;78:19-29 pubmed
    ..Since all the parameters studied showed concentration dependent changes, the terrestrial plant, P oleracea can be considered a suitable 'biomonitoring tool' of fresh water environment besides its usage in the Al toxicity testing...
  14. Kovendan K, Murugan K, Vincent S, Barnard D. Mosquito larvicidal properties of Orthosiphon thymiflorus (Roth) Sleesen. (Family: Labiatae) against mosquito vectors, Anopheles stephensi, Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2012;5:299-305 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides the first report on the larvicidal activity of this plant crude solvent extract of against An. stephensi, Cx. quinquefasciatus and Ae. aegypti mosquitoes. ..
  15. Arjunan N, Murugan K, Madhiyazhagan P, Kovendan K, Prasannakumar K, Thangamani S, et al. Mosquitocidal and water purification properties of Cynodon dactylon, Aloe vera, Hemidesmus indicus and Coleus amboinicus leaf extracts against the mosquito vectors. Parasitol Res. 2012;110:1435-43 pubmed publisher
    ..vera (16 HU, 33.8 mg/l and 7.4) and C. amboinicus (21 HU, 35 mg/l and 7.5) extracts. The study proved that the extracts of C. dactylon, A. vera, H. indicus and C. amboinicus have both mosquitocidal and water sedimentation properties...
  16. Kovendan K, Murugan K, Vincent S. Evaluation of larvicidal activity of Acalypha alnifolia Klein ex Willd. (Euphorbiaceae) leaf extract against the malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi, dengue vector, Aedes aegypti and Bancroftian filariasis vector, Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Cu. Parasitol Res. 2012;110:571-81 pubmed publisher
    ..stephensi, A. aegypti, C. quinquefasciatus. Therefore, this study provides first report on the larvicidal activities against three species of mosquito vectors of this plant extracts from Southern India...
  17. Hakkim F, Shankar C, Girija S. Chemical composition and antioxidant property of holy basil (Ocimum sanctum L.) leaves, stems, and inflorescence and their in vitro callus cultures. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:9109-17 pubmed
    ..The data obtained from this study suggested the possibility of the isolation of a high content of RA from in vitro callus cultures rather than field-grown plant organs of holy basil...
  18. Umamaheswari M, Asokkumar K, Rathidevi R, Sivashanmugam A, Subhadradevi V, Ravi T. Antiulcer and in vitro antioxidant activities of Jasminum grandiflorum L. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;110:464-70 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that leaves of Jasminum grandiflorum possess potential antiulcer activity, which may be attributed to its antioxidant mechanism of action...
  19. Jeyabalan D, Arul N, Thangamathi P. Studies on effects of Pelargonium citrosa leaf extracts on malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi Liston. Bioresour Technol. 2003;89:185-9 pubmed
    ..As naturally occurring insecticides, these plant derived materials could be useful as an alternative for synthetic insecticides controlling field populations of mosquitoes...
  20. Loganayaki N, Manian S. Evaluation of Indian sacred tree Crataeva magna (Lour.) DC. for antioxidant activity and inhibition of key enzymes relevant to hyperglycemia. J Biosci Bioeng. 2012;113:378-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Both the parts exhibited significant antioxidant and anti-?-glucosidase activity. The results will lead in favor of the use of this plant as a potential additive/nutraceutical antioxidant compound...
  21. Sowndhararajan K, Marimuthu S, Manian S. Biocontrol potential of phylloplane bacterium Ochrobactrum anthropi BMO-111 against blister blight disease of tea. J Appl Microbiol. 2013;114:209-18 pubmed publisher
  22. Rajendran R, Radhai R, Kotresh T, Csiszár E. Development of antimicrobial cotton fabrics using herb loaded nanoparticles. Carbohydr Polym. 2013;91:613-7 pubmed publisher
    ..sanctum loaded nanoparticles possessed remarkable antibacterial activities with excellent wash durability. The study revealed that the herb encapsulated nanoparticle could act as a biocontrol agent against bacteria in fabrics. ..
  23. Mahesh Kumar P, Kovendan K, Murugan K. Integration of botanical and bacterial insecticide against Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi. Parasitol Res. 2013;112:761-71 pubmed publisher
    ..aegypti and malarial vector, A. stephensi. This is an ideal eco-friendly approach for the control of target species of vector control programs...
  24. Sowndhararajan K, Marimuthu S, Manian S. Integrated control of blister blight disease in tea using the biocontrol agent Ochrobactrum anthropi strain BMO-111 with chemical fungicides. J Appl Microbiol. 2013;114:1491-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate that O. anthropi BMO-111 can be used as an agricultural input in the integrated crop protection systems. ..
  25. Shobana K, Murugan K, Naresh Kumar A. Influence of host plants on feeding, growth and reproduction of Papilio polytes (The common mormon). J Insect Physiol. 2010;56:1065-70 pubmed publisher
    ..asiatica and C. medica were also rich in protein when compared to A. marmelos and G. pentaphylla. Total amino acid levels were comparatively higher in M. koenigii, T. asiatica, C. medica rather than A. marmelos and G. pentaphylla. ..
  26. Ghosh M. Purification of a lectin-like antifungal protein from the medicinal herb, Withania somnifera. Fitoterapia. 2009;80:91-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Further, the antifungal activity of the protein was compared with standard lectins like concanavalin A, phytohemagglutinin and wheat germ agglutinin...
  27. Karthik R, Govindasamy M, Chen S, Cheng Y, Muthukrishnan P, Padmavathy S, et al. Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by using Camellia japonica leaf extract for the electrocatalytic reduction of nitrobenzene and photocatalytic degradation of Eosin-Y. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2017;170:164-172 pubmed publisher
    ..On the other hand, Ag-NPs have excellent photocatalytic activity with >97% degradation of EY dye after irradiated 60min. These results indicated that the growth of sphere-like Ag-NPs should be a proficient. ..