Experts and Doctors on animals in Pondicherry, India


Locale: Pondicherry, India
Topic: animals

Top Publications

  1. Paily K, Hoti S, Manonmani A, Balaraman K. Longevity and migration of Wuchereria bancrofti infective larvae and their distribution pattern in relation to the resting and feeding behaviour of the vector mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1995;89:39-47 pubmed
    ..2% of the L3 present in the mosquitoes were shed into the blood or on the membrane. All the L3 present in each mosquito migrated to its head during feeding. ..
  2. Das P, Ramaiah K. Entomological monitoring of annual mass drug administrations for the control or elimination of lymphatic filariasis. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2002;96 Suppl 2:S139-42 pubmed
  3. Rajavel A, Natarajan R, Vaidyanathan K, Soniya V. Mosquitoes of the mangrove forests of India: part 5--Chorao, Goa, and Vikhroli, Maharashtra. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2007;23:91-4 pubmed
    ..albopictus, Ae. novalbopictus, Ar. subalbatus, Cx. gelidus Cx. sitiens, Ma. indiana, Ur. atra, and Ve. lugubris were found landing on humans. Aedes novalbopictus, Oc. wardi, and Or. anopheloides are new records for the state of Goa. ..
  4. Murugavel K, Antoine D, Raju M, Lopez Gatius F. The effect of addition of equine chorionic gonadotropin to a progesterone-based estrous synchronization protocol in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) under tropical conditions. Theriogenology. 2009;71:1120-6 pubmed publisher
    ..When this treatment is followed by timed AI, pregnancy rates achieved in anestrous buffaloes, whether cyclic and non-cyclic, may approach the rates observed in cows inseminated at natural estrus. ..
  5. Ramaiah K, Vijay Kumar K, Ravi R, Das P. Situation analysis in a large urban area of India, prior to launching a programme of mass drug administrations to eliminate lymphatic filariasis. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2005;99:243-52 pubmed
  6. Ampasala D, Zheng S, Zhang D, Ladd T, Doucet D, Krell P, et al. An epidermis-specific chitin synthase CDNA in Choristoneura fumiferana: cloning, characterization, developmental and hormonal-regulated expression. Arch Insect Biochem Physiol. 2011;76:83-96 pubmed publisher
    ..These results implicate that CfCHS1 is involved in the chitin synthase and new chitin formation during molting in the insect. ..
  7. Suchitra A, Dkhar S, Shewade D, Shashindran C. Relative efficacy of some prokinetic drugs in morphine-induced gastrointestinal transit delay in mice. World J Gastroenterol. 2003;9:779-83 pubmed
    ..001) followed by metoclopramide and mosapride. Metoclopramide and cisapride are most effective in reversing morphine-induced delay in gastric emptying and small intestinal transit in mice respectively. ..
  8. Sarkar O, Mathur P. Adjudin-mediated germ cell depletion alters the anti-oxidant status of adult rat testis. Mol Reprod Dev. 2009;76:31-7 pubmed publisher
    ..However, transient elevation in reactive oxygen species levels did not affect androgen transport. ..
  9. Ramaiah K, Das P, Appavoo N, Ramu K, Augustin D, Kumar K, et al. A programme to eliminate lymphatic filariasis in Tamil Nadu state, India: compliance with annual single-dose DEC mass treatment and some related operational aspects. Trop Med Int Health. 2000;5:842-7 pubmed

More Information


  1. Ramaiah K, Guyatt H, Ramu K, Vanamail P, Pani S, Das P. Treatment costs and loss of work time to individuals with chronic lymphatic filariasis in rural communities in south India. Trop Med Int Health. 1999;4:19-25 pubmed
    ..31+/-1.42 h less on domestic activity compared to their matched controls (P<0.05). The results clearly show that the chronic form of lymphatic filariasis inflicts a considerable economic burden on affected individuals. ..
  2. Parija S, Ravinder P, Rao K. Detection of hydatid antigen in urine by countercurrent immunoelectrophoresis. J Clin Microbiol. 1997;35:1571-4 pubmed
    ..These result suggest that the detection of hydatid antigen in the urine by CIEP is a simple, rapid, and noninvasive method of diagnosis of hydatid disease. ..
  3. Noyal M, Harish B, Bhat V, Parija S. Neonatal melioidosis: a case report from India. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2009;27:260-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Chest X-ray revealed right-sided bronchopneumonia. B. pseudomallei was isolated from the blood culture of the neonate collected aseptically. The neonate was successfully treated with meropenem. ..
  4. Vasuki V, Hoti S, Sadanandane C, Jambulingam P. A simple and rapid DNA extraction method for the detection of Wuchereria bancrofti infection in the vector mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus by Ssp I PCR assay. Acta Trop. 2003;86:109-14 pubmed
    ..The results thus show that the DNA extraction method, which is simple, rapid, safe and inexpensive, is efficient to generate DNA from vector mosquitoes useful in PCR assay and hence has potential application in xenomonitoring. ..
  5. Mathew N, Kalyanasundaram M. A high performance liquid chromatographic method for the estimation of diethylcarbamazine content in medicated salt samples. Acta Trop. 2001;80:97-102 pubmed
    ..15-0.25% and >0.25%, respectively. Thus, this quick and simple HPLC method for the estimation of DEC could play a vital role in checking the quality of the DEC medicated salt used for the control of filariasis. ..
  6. Sivagnaname N, Amalraj D, Kalyanasundaram M, Das P. Oviposition attractancy of an infusion from a wood inhabiting fungus for vector mosquitoes. Indian J Med Res. 2001;114:18-24 pubmed
    ..This study is aimed to evaluate the oviposition attractancy of aqueous infusion from a wood inhabiting fungus (Polyporus spp.) for vector mosquitoes both in the laboratory and under field conditions...
  7. Jubendradass R, D Cruz S, Mathur P. Short-term exposure to nonylphenol induces pancreatic oxidative stress and alters liver glucose metabolism in adult female rats. J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2011;25:77-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Western blot analysis revealed a significant decrease in the levels of GLUT-2. These results show that nonylphenol causes oxidative stress in pancreas and impairs liver glucose homeostasis. ..
  8. Kumar N, Joseph R, Kamaraj T, Jambulingam P. A226V mutation in virus during the 2007 chikungunya outbreak in Kerala, India. J Gen Virol. 2008;89:1945-8 pubmed publisher
    ..albopictus mosquitoes. The abundance of Ae. albopictus in the region and molecular evolution of CHIKV may be contributing factors for the renewed epidemic of chikungunya fever during 2007. ..
  9. Mariappan T, Snehalatha K, Vijaya K, Krishnamoorthy K. Socio economic factors as indicators of various risk groups for bancroftian filariasis, Cochin, Kerala, India. J Commun Dis. 2007;39:197-9 pubmed
  10. Bharathi A, Yadav P, Syed Ibrahim B. Sequence diversity and ligand-induced structural rearrangements of viper hyaluronidase. Mol Biosyst. 2016;12:1128-38 pubmed publisher
    ..This result can extend our knowledge of viper Hyal functional behaviour and provides structural insight to target eukaryotic Hyals as forthcoming drug targets in cancer treatment and venom spreading. ..
  11. Biswas R, Parija S, Narayan S. Dot-ELISA for the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2004;46:249-52 pubmed
    ..09%, and negative predictive value of 70.76%. Results of the present study shows that the Dot-ELISA as a simple test can be used in the field or poorly equipped laboratories for diagnosis of NCC . ..
  12. Poopathi S, Archana B. Optimization of medium composition for the production of mosquitocidal toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis. Indian J Exp Biol. 2012;50:65-71 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that Bti can be produced to the maximum extent possible as a potential mosquitocidal activity as suggested by the test medium (CF+CC+MnCl2). ..
  13. Mohan Raj J, Mukhopadhyay H, Thanislass J, Antony P, Pillai R. Isolation, molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of canine parvovirus. Infect Genet Evol. 2010;10:1237-41 pubmed publisher
  14. Swarna S, Parija S. Dot-Elisa for evaluation of hydatid cyst wall, protoscoleces and hydatid cyst fluid antigens in the serodiagnosis of cystic echinococcosis. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2008;50:233-6 pubmed
    ..Results of the present study show that cyst wall and protoscolex can also be an useful source of antigen in detection of hydatid antibodies in the serodiagnosis of CE. ..
  15. Ramaiah K, Radhamani M, John K, Evans D, Guyatt H, Joseph A, et al. The impact of lymphatic filariasis on labour inputs in southern India: results of a multi-site study. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2000;94:353-64 pubmed
    ..Estimates of the disease burden are likely to be useful in determining the costs and benefits of the recently launched campaign to eliminate lymphatic filariasis. ..
  16. Sambasiva R, Naveen G, P B, Agarwal S. Leptospirosis in India and the rest of the world. Braz J Infect Dis. 2003;7:178-93 pubmed
    ..Since isolation rate of the microorganism from clinical specimens is low due to prior indiscriminate use of antibiotics, serological techniques remain the cornerstone of diagnosis. ..
  17. Peddyreddy M, Dkhar S, Ramaswamy S, Naveen A, Shewade D. An inherent acceleratory effect of insulin on small intestinal transit and its pharmacological characterization in normal mice. World J Gastroenterol. 2006;12:2593-600 pubmed
    ..Calcium channels and opioidergic system can play a supportive role; in addition, enhancement of endogenous insulin release can augment the effect of exogenously administered insulin on SIT. ..
  18. Vijayakumar K, Gunasekaran K, Sahu S, Jambulingam P. Knowledge, attitude and practice on malaria: a study in a tribal belt of Orissa state, India with reference to use of long lasting treated mosquito nets. Acta Trop. 2009;112:137-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Since, the tribes are habituated to seek treatment from traditional healers; they could be involved in motivating people to use ITNs/LLINs to protect from mosquito bites and malaria. ..
  19. Jubendradass R, D Cruz S, Rani S, Mathur P. Nonylphenol induces apoptosis via mitochondria- and Fas-L-mediated pathways in the liver of adult male rat. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2012;62:405-11 pubmed publisher
    ..It is concluded that NP induces apoptosis in liver involving both mitochondria-dependent and Fas-Fas-l pathways and thereby, leading to hepatic damage in rats. ..
  20. Thangadurai R, Hoti S, Kumar N, Das P. Phylogeography of human lymphatic filarial parasite, Wuchereria bancrofti in India. Acta Trop. 2006;98:297-304 pubmed
    ..The route of entry of the parasite into Indian sub-continent possibly appeared to be from an ancient origin from the countries of the Southeast Asian archipelago, through the eastern coastal line of the southern peninsula. ..
  21. Premalatha R, Jubendradass R, Rani S, Srikumar K, Mathur P. A phytooxysterol, 28-homobrassinolide modulates rat testicular steroidogenesis in normal and diabetic rats. Reprod Sci. 2013;20:589-96 pubmed publisher
    ..We report that 28-HB induced steroidogenesis in normal and diabetic rat testis. ..
  22. Mary K, Hoti S, Paily K. Monoclonal antibodies generated against excretory/secretory antigens of mammalian stage larvae of the lymphatic filarial parasite Wuchereria bancrofti. J Immunoassay Immunochem. 2007;28:343-57 pubmed
    ..Mab A6 could be used in the diagnosis of patent infection with microfilaraemia. Western blotting with Mab A7 reacted with the 29.0 kDa protein band of L4 e/s antigens of W. bancrofti. ..
  23. Das P, Sivagnaname N, Amalraj D. Population interactions between Culex vishnui mosquitoes and their natural enemies in Pondicherry, India. J Vector Ecol. 2006;31:84-8 pubmed
    ..In transient habitats, no such stability is present and they become more important as breeding habitats in terms of seasonality and number. Shallow water pools should be seriously considered for the control of these vectors...
  24. Vijay Kumar K, Ramaiah K. Usage of personal-protection measures against mosquitoes and the low prevalences of Wuchereria bancrofti microfilaraemia in the Indian city of Chennai. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2008;102:391-7 pubmed publisher
    ..If lymphatic filariasis is to be eliminated from India in a reasonable time-frame, at least as a public-health problem, MDA should now be focused on the poorer localities...
  25. Vaithinathan S, Saradha B, Mathur P. Transient inhibitory effect of methoxychlor on testicular steroidogenesis in rat: an in vivo study. Arch Toxicol. 2008;82:833-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study demonstrates transient effect of methoxychlor at LOAEL on testicular steroidogenesis and the possible role of hydrogen peroxide in mediating these effects. ..
  26. Srinivasan R, Jambulingam P, Subramanian S, Kalyanasundaram M. Laboratory evaluation of fipronil against Periplaneta americana & Blattella germanica. Indian J Med Res. 2005;122:57-66 pubmed
    ..However, information on its effectiveness on different surfaces and at various density levels is not known. Therefore, the efficacy of a new formulation of fipronil 0.03 per cent (Goliath gel) was tested under laboratory conditions...
  27. Paily K, Balaraman K. Effect of temperature on different stages of Romanomermis iyengari, a mermithid nematode parasite of mosquitoes. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 1994;89:635-42 pubmed
    ..Fecundity was adversely affected at 20 degrees C and 35 degrees C. It is shown that the temperature range of 25 degrees-30 degrees C favours optimum development of R. iyengari...
  28. Gajalakshmi S, Abbasi S. Neem leaves as a source of fertilizer-cum-pesticide vermicompost. Bioresour Technol. 2004;92:291-6 pubmed
    ..2003). Another set of experiments on the growth, flowering, and fruition of brinjal (Solanum melongena) plants with and without fertilization with vermicompost, revealed that the vermicompost had a significantly beneficial impact...
  29. Ramaiah K, Vanamail P, Pani S, Yuvaraj J, Das P. The effect of six rounds of single dose mass treatment with diethylcarbamazine or ivermectin on Wuchereria bancrofti infection and its implications for lymphatic filariasis elimination. Trop Med Int Health. 2002;7:767-74 pubmed
  30. Arokiaraj M, Guerrero L, Levine R, Palacios I. A theoretical cardiac resynchronization therapy method to augment ventricular contraction using polymer-based actuators and mitral regurgitation reduction with devices over left ventricular endocardial pacing wire--an in-vitro study. J Invasive Cardiol. 2013;25:415-20 pubmed
    ..There is potential for a novel theoretical cardiac resynchronization therapy method using polymer-based actuators and devices to control MR. ..
  31. Kala M, Gunasekaran K. Effect of bacillus thuringiensis ssp. israelensis on the development of Plasmodium gallinaceum in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1999;93:89-95 pubmed
    ..The study shows that mosquitoes surviving Bti treatment did not fully support parasite development. The implication of this effect is discussed in terms of malaria transmission...
  32. Yogamoorthi A, Srikala G. Evaluation of methanol extract of mole crab Emerita asiatica for its pathological properties using mouse assay. J Environ Biol. 2006;27:147-51 pubmed
    ..The extract is seemed to influence negatively on the structure and functions of heart and lungs and non site-specific changes in the brain of mice...
  33. Santhakumar M, Balaji M, Ramudu K. Gill lesions in the perch, Anabas testudineus, exposed to monocrotophos. J Environ Biol. 2001;22:87-90 pubmed
    ..Degeneration and necrosis of epithelial cells were very prominent. Distortion of the secondary lamellae was very prominent, beginning with disruption of epithelial cells from pillar cells. ..
  34. Madana J, Yolmo D, Gopalakrishnan S, Saxena S. Rhinosporidiosis of the upper airways and trachea. J Laryngol Otol. 2010;124:1139-41 pubmed publisher
    ..We report an extremely rare case of rhinosporidiosis with involvement of both larynx and trachea, together with coexisting nasal, nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal lesions, in a 32-year-old man...
  35. Parija S, Rajesh Reddy S. Co-agglutination test for cysticercus antigen detection in the serum for the diagnosis of cysticercosis. Trop Doct. 2006;36:144-7 pubmed
    ..0014), and healthy controls (P=0.0003) on the other. The Co-A test appears to be a moderately sensitive and specific test for the diagnosis of cysticercosis. ..
  36. Parija S, Sahu P, Dhanya H. Detection of Cysticercus antigens and antibodies in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with chronic meningitis. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2007;49:331-4 pubmed
    ..94%) patients, we cannot affirm that all the cases of chronic meningitis are due to cysticercosis, but for any case of chronic meningitis of unknown origin, it would be useful to consider the possibility of cysticercal meningitis. ..
  37. Sridhar M, Vinayagamoorthi R, Arul Suyambunathan V, Bobby Z, Selvaraj N. Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) improves insulin sensitivity by increasing skeletal muscle insulin-stimulated IRS-1 tyrosine phosphorylation in high-fat-fed rats. Br J Nutr. 2008;99:806-12 pubmed
  38. Ramaiah K, Das P, Vanamail P, Pani S. The impact of six rounds of single-dose mass administration of diethylcarbamazine or ivermectin on the transmission of Wuchereria bancrofti by Culex quinquefasciatus and its implications for lymphatic filariasis elimination programmes. Trop Med Int Health. 2003;8:1082-92 pubmed
  39. Khairnar K, Parija S, Palaniappan R. Diagnosis of intestinal amoebiasis by using nested polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. J Gastroenterol. 2007;42:631-40 pubmed
    ..Microscopy is unreliable to distinguish the pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica from the nonpathogenic Entamoeba dispar or Entamoeba moshkovskii in stool specimens...
  40. Yadav P, Antonyraj C, Basheer Ahamed S, Srinivas S. Understanding Russell's viper venom factor V activator's substrate specificity by surface plasmon resonance and in-silico studies. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181216 pubmed publisher
    ..This study suggests a transition in RVV-V from the native rigid to the distorted flexible structure and paves a way to design a new peptide substrate/inhibitor. ..
  41. Asad M, Shewade D, Koumaravelou K, Abraham B, Vasu S, Ramaswamy S. Gastric antisecretory and antiulcer activity of oxytocin in rats and guinea pigs. Life Sci. 2001;70:17-24 pubmed
    ..The reversal of oxytocin effect by atosiban, an oxytocin receptor antagonist indicates a role for oxytocin receptors. The antiulcer activity of oxytocin can be attributed to its antisecretory effect. ..
  42. Srinivasan R, Jambulingam P, Gunasekaran K, Boopathidoss P. Tolerance of house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) to dichlorvos (76% EC) an insecticide used for fly control in the tsunami-hit coastal villages of southern India. Acta Trop. 2008;105:187-90 pubmed
  43. Adedara I, Vaithinathan S, Jubendradass R, Mathur P, Farombi E. Kolaviron prevents carbendazim-induced steroidogenic dysfunction and apoptosis in testes of rats. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2013;35:444-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Kolaviron may prove useful in combating carbendazim-induced reproductive toxicity...
  44. Girish C, Koner B, Jayanthi S, Ramachandra Rao K, Rajesh B, Pradhan S. Hepatoprotective activity of picroliv, curcumin and ellagic acid compared to silymarin on paracetamol induced liver toxicity in mice. Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 2009;23:735-45 pubmed publisher
    ..These active phytochemicals may be developed as drugs for the treatment of liver diseases. ..
  45. Mathew J, Padhy S, Lata S, Balachander H, Gopalakrishnan S. Case report: telelaryngoscopy-guided flexible fiberoptic intubation for laryngeal rhinosporidiosis. Anesth Analg. 2010;110:1066-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The technique was atraumatic and also avoided the potential for autoinoculation, which is a frequent cause of recurrence of this disease...
  46. Ramaiah K, Das P, Vanamail P, Pani S. Impact of 10 years of diethylcarbamazine and ivermectin mass administration on infection and transmission of lymphatic filariasis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2007;101:555-63 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that ten rounds of DEC mass administration have the potential to interrupt transmission of infection in the majority of communities. The outcome was relatively less remarkable with ivermectin...
  47. Paily K, Hoti S, Balaraman K. Development of lymphatic filarial parasite Wuchereria bancrofti (Spirurida: Onchocercidae) in mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae) fed artificially on microfilaremic blood. J Med Entomol. 2006;43:1222-6 pubmed
    ..However, Ae. aegypti Liverpool strain, which is commonly used for Brugia malayi filarial parasite, also can be used for generation of W. bancrofti infective larvae to circumvent the problem of maintaining two mosquito species...
  48. Rupesh K, Moushumi Priya A, Prashanth K, Jayachandran S. Inhibitory effects of bioactive leads isolated from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PS3 and Pseudomonas fluorescens PS7 on MAP kinases and down regulation of pro inflammatory cytokines (TNF-?, IL-1?) and mediators (NO, iNOS and COX). Toxicol In Vitro. 2012;26:571-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of the present investigation revealed that the pure compounds are anti-inflammatory in nature. ..
  49. Parija M, Biswas R, Harish B, Parija S. Detection of specific cysticercus antigen in the urine for diagnosis of neurocysticercosis. Acta Trop. 2004;92:253-60 pubmed
    ..Results of the present study shows that the Co-A test can be employed as a moderately sensitive and specific test for detection of urinary antigen in the diagnosis of NCC in poorly equipped laboratories...
  50. Srinivasan R, Kalyanasundaram M. Ultra low volume aerosol application of deltacide (deltamethrin 0.5% w/v, S-bioallethrin 0.71% w/v & piperonyl butoxide 8.9% w/v) against mosquitoes. Indian J Med Res. 2006;123:55-60 pubmed
    ..aegypti, and An. stephensi, and 0.02 ml/m2 against Cx. quiquefasciatus, causing 100 per cent mortality. The efficacy of ULV application of deltacide against vector mosquitoes needs to be assessed under field conditions. ..
  51. Sahu P, Parija S, Narayan S, Kumar D. Evaluation of an IgG-ELISA strategy using Taenia solium metacestode somatic and excretory-secretory antigens for diagnosis of neurocysticercosis revealing biological stage of the larvae. Acta Trop. 2009;110:38-45 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of crude extracts of ES proteins might improve the serodiagnosis of the cases of NCC carrying live vesicular stage of the parasite larvae...
  52. Sabesan S, Krishnamoorthy K, Panicker K, Vanamail P. The dynamics of microfilaraemia and its relation with development of disease in periodic Brugia malayi infection in south India. Epidemiol Infect. 1991;107:453-63 pubmed
    ..On an average, 99% of population at risk developed disease in different endemic areas is compared and its epidemiological significance is discussed...
  53. Athithan V, Srikumar K. 28-Homocastasterone down regulates blood glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, SREBP1c and activates LxR expression in normal & diabetic male rat. Chem Biol Interact. 2017;277:8-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Western blots of marker protein, PCR amplicons of marker mRNA expressions and In Silico studies suggested that 28-HCeffect is being mediated through LxR molecular operatives in the rat cell. ..
  54. Adedara I, Mathur P, Farombi E. Kolaviron prevents ethylene glycol monoethyl ether-induced testicular apoptosis via down-regulation of stress proteins, Fas/Fas-L and caspases expressions in rats. Toxicol Mech Methods. 2013;23:689-96 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, kolaviron by virtue of its antioxidant and anti-apoptotic properties prevented EGEE-induced reproductive toxicity in rats...
  55. Ramaiah K, Thiruvengadam B, Vanamail P, Subramanian S, Gunasekaran S, Nilamani N, et al. Prolonged persistence of residual Wuchereria bancrofti infection after cessation of diethylcarbamazine-fortified salt programme. Trop Med Int Health. 2009;14:870-6 pubmed publisher
    ..These groups and areas should be targeted with rigorous intervention measures such as mass drug administration to eliminate the residual infection...
  56. Dhanabalan S, Jubendradass R, Latha P, Mathur P. Effect of restraint stress on 2,3,7,8 tetrachloro dibenzo-p-dioxin induced testicular and epididymal toxicity in rats. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2011;30:567-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, restraint stress potentiates the adverse effects of TCDD on male reproductive organs. ..
  57. Jambulingam P, Sadanandane C, Boopathi Doss P, Subramanian S, Zaim M. Field evaluation of an insect growth regulator, pyriproxyfen 0.5% GR against Culex quinquefasciatus, the vector of Bancroftian filariasis in Pondicherry, India. Acta Trop. 2008;107:20-4 pubmed publisher
    ..5% GR has a relatively longer residual effect than the other IGRs the operational cost could be minimized. Pyriproxyfen 0.5% GR could be one of the choices in the chemical control strategy in Integrated Vector Control Programmes...
  58. Amalraj D, Sivagnaname N, Boopathidoss P, Das P. Bioefficacy of mosquito mat, coil and dispenser formulations containing allethrin group of synthetic pyrethroids against mosquito vectors. J Commun Dis. 1996;28:85-93 pubmed
    ..52%) but in case of dispenser the effect was only 14.72 to 65.01%. The use of these formulations as a control tools in reducing man-vector contact is discussed. ..
  59. Rupesh K, PremKumar P, Shiva Kumar V, Jayachandran S. Production of diamino propionic acid ammonia lyase by a new strain of Salmonella typhimurium PU011. BMC Microbiol. 2002;2:5 pubmed
    ..The Km value for the substrate was found to be 0.685 mM, calculated from a Line Weaver Burk plot. A new bacterial strain, S.typhimurium PU 011, which is capable of producing DAP ammonia lyase, was isolated. ..
  60. Latchoumycandane C, Mathur P. Effect of methoxychlor on the antioxidant system in mitochondrial and microsome-rich fractions of rat testis. Toxicology. 2002;176:67-75 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, the adverse effect of methoxychlor on male reproduction could be due to the induction of oxidative stress in testis. ..
  61. Ramalingam V, Vimaladevi V, Rajeswary S, Suryavathi V. Effect of mercuric chloride on circulating hormones in adult albino rats. J Environ Biol. 2003;24:401-4 pubmed
    ..05) treated animals and no change was observed in the low dose treated animals. The changes in the hormone levels caused by the mercuric chloride treatment suggest the dysfunction of pituitary-testicular axis...
  62. Bisht R, Hoti S, Thangadurai R, Das P. Isolation of Wuchereria bancrofti microfilariae from archived stained blood slides for use in genetic studies and amplification of parasite and endosymbiont genes. Acta Trop. 2006;99:1-5 pubmed
  63. Saradha B, Vaithinathan S, Mathur P. Lindane induces testicular apoptosis in adult Wistar rats through the involvement of Fas-FasL and mitochondria-dependent pathways. Toxicology. 2009;255:131-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Early activation of NF-kappaB in contrast to late increase in Fas expression suggests a pro-apoptotic role of NF-kappaB in testicular response to lindane. ..
  64. Parija S, Khairnar K. Entamoeba moshkovskii and Entamoeba dispar-associated infections in pondicherry, India. J Health Popul Nutr. 2005;23:292-5 pubmed
    ..Only 19% of the 68 stool samples, resembling E. histolytica by microscopy, were actually E. histolytica, implying that 81% of suspected infections were misdiagnosed and would have been treated unnecessarily with anti-amoebic drugs. ..
  65. Mathew N, Srinivasan L, Karunan T, Ayyanar E, Muthuswamy K. Studies on filarial GST as a target for antifilarial drug development-in silico and in vitro inhibition of filarial GST by substituted 1,4-naphthoquinones. J Mol Model. 2011;17:2651-7 pubmed publisher
    ..digitata open up a promising biochemical target for antifilarial drug development...
  66. Paily K, Arunachalam N, Somachary N, Balaraman K. Infectivity of a mermithid nematode Romanomermis iyengari (Welch) in different conductivity levels under laboratory and field conditions. Indian J Exp Biol. 1991;29:579-81 pubmed
    ..The infection reappeared on 38th day indicating that R. iyengari has not only infected mosquito larvae as soon as they were applied to tree-holes in which the conductivity was 600-2800 mu ho/cm but also got established there...
  67. Paily K, Balaraman K. Effect of temperature and host-parasite ratio on sex differentiation of Romanomermis iyengari (Welch), a mermithid parasite of mosquitoes. Indian J Exp Biol. 1990;28:470-4 pubmed
    ..3) than at 30 degrees (1.5-3.9) and 35 degrees C (1.6-3.6). More than 50% of the post-parasites were females at 20 degrees and 25 degrees, 30 degrees and 35 degrees C at 1:1-1:10, 1:1-1:4 and 1:1-1:3 host-parasite ratios, respectively...
  68. Ramaiah K, Vanamail P, Yuvaraj J, Das P. Effect of annual mass administration of diethylcarbamazine and albendazole on bancroftian filariasis in five villages in south India. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2011;105:431-7 pubmed publisher
    ..0% Mf rate. The results suggest that six rounds of mass administration of DEC and ALB, with 60-70% treatment coverage, is likely to achieve total interruption of transmission and elimination of LF in the majority of villages...
  69. Parija S, Balamurungan N, Sahu P, Subbaiah S. Cysticercus antibodies and antigens in serum from blood donors from Pondicherry, India. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2005;47:227-30 pubmed
    ..The present study is the first kind of study, carried out to determine both cysticercal antibodies as well as antigens in the serum samples collected from the healthy blood donors...
  70. Kaliaperumal S, Rao V, Parija S. Cysticercosis of the eye in South India--a case series. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2005;23:227-30 pubmed
    ..To study the clinical presentation and treatment outcome of patients with ocular cysticercosis in southern India...
  71. Pani S, Reddy G, Vanamail P, Venkatesvarlou N, Das L, Vijayan A. Tolerability and efficacy of single dose diethylcarbamazine (DEC) alone or co-administration with Ivermectin in the clearance of Wuchereria bancrofti microfilaraemia in Pondicherry, South India. J Commun Dis. 2004;36:240-50 pubmed
    ..05). However, no significant difference was observed in reduction of geometric mean Mf density (99.9%, 99.7%, 99.5% respectively). In all the groups, the tolerability and efficacy of the drugs were independent of host age and gender...
  72. Sahu P, Parija S, Jayachandran S. Antibody specific to 43kDa excretory-secretory antigenic peptide of Taenia solium metacestode as a potential diagnostic marker in human neurocysticercosis. Acta Trop. 2010;115:257-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The 43kDa ES peptide is suggested to be an important peptide of diagnostic utility in NCC...
  73. Rupesh K, Priya A, Sundarakrishnan B, Venkatesan R, Lakshmi B, Jayachandran S. 2,2'-bipyridyl based copper complexes down regulate expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and suppress MAPKs in mitogen induced Peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Eur J Med Chem. 2010;45:2141-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Immunoblot analysis revealed the inhibitory effect of these complexes on phosphorylated forms protein kinases (MAPKs) such as ERK1/2, JNK, and p38 in mitogen induced PBMCs. ..
  74. Rajeswary S, Kumaran B, Ilangovan R, Yuvaraj S, Sridhar M, Venkataraman P, et al. Modulation of antioxidant defense system by the environmental fungicide carbendazim in Leydig cells of rats. Reprod Toxicol. 2007;24:371-80 pubmed
    ..Thus, the present study suggests that chronic low dose treatment of MBC is capable of inducing reproductive toxicity through increased oxidative stress, but is transient and reversible upon withdrawal of treatment. ..
  75. Satyanarayana C, Devendran A, Jayaraman M, Mannu J, Mathur P, Gopal S, et al. Influence of the genetic polymorphisms in the 5' flanking and exonic regions of CYP2C19 on proguanil oxidation. Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2009;24:537-48 pubmed
    ..The results of this study would be useful in predicting interindividual differences in the metabolism of substrates of CYP2C19. ..
  76. Das P, Vanamail P. Probability risk transmission matrix as a decision tool for assessing methods of transmission interruption of Wuchereria bancrofti infection. Epidemiol Infect. 2008;136:520-4 pubmed
    ..2 is considered to be the threshold for confirming interruption of transmission. Thus, the relationship has been depicted in the form of a probability matrix, which could be used for selecting an appropriate control strategy...
  77. Satish Kumar R, Kanmani P, Yuvaraj N, Paari K, Pattukumar V, Arul V. Purification and characterization of enterocin MC13 produced by a potential aquaculture probiont Enterococcus faecium MC13 isolated from the gut of Mugil cephalus. Can J Microbiol. 2011;57:993-1001 pubmed publisher
    ..parahaemolyticus, Vibrio harveyi, and Aeromonas hydrophila in fisheries. Also, this could be a valuable seafood biopreservative against L. monocytogenes. ..
  78. Sivagnaname N, Kalyanasundaram M. Laboratory evaluation of methanolic extract of Atlantia monophylla (Family: Rutaceae) against immature stages of mosquitoes and non-target organisms. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2004;99:115-8 pubmed
    ..4, 21.3, and 5.7 mg/l. The results indicate that the mosquitocidal effects of the extract of this plant were comparable to neem extract and certain synthetic chemical larvicides like fenthion, methoprene, etc...
  79. Devi C, Parija S. A new serum hydatid antigen detection test for diagnosis of cystic echinococcosis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2003;69:525-8 pubmed
    ..The present study is the first report of the LAT for the detection of hydatid antigen in serum in the diagnosis of CE...
  80. Devi C, Shashikala -, Srinivasan S, Murmu U, Barman P, Kanungo R. A rare case of diphyllobothriasis from Pondicherry, South India. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2007;25:152-4 pubmed
    ..The segments (macroscopically and microscopically) were identified as those of Diphyllobothrium latum. The stool examination also revealed characteristic oval eggs...
  81. Paily K, Balaraman K. Influence of soil moisture on survival and oviposition of Romanomermis iyengari a mermithid nematode parasite of mosquitoes. Indian J Malariol. 1993;30:221-5 pubmed
    ..The results indicate that the adult nematodes migrated towards the bottom layer of the soil and laid eggs as the moisture of the upper layers decreased...
  82. Sahu P, Parija S, Sahu P. Tear IgA-ELISA: a novel and sensitive method for diagnosis of ophthalmic cysticercosis. Acta Trop. 2008;106:168-74 pubmed publisher
    ..88%). The sensitivities of the ELISA for detection of IgA antibodies in tears is observed to be higher than that for detection of IgG antibodies in serum using either somatic or ES antigens of the parasite...
  83. Pani S, Krishnamoorthy K, Rao A, Prathiba J. Clinical manifestations in malayan filariasis infection with special reference to lymphoedema grading. Indian J Med Res. 1990;91:200-7 pubmed
    ..The clinical picture of malayan filariasis is similar to that reported elsewhere in the world except for the rarity of abscess formation is inguinal area. ..
  84. Mathew N, Misra Bhattacharya S, Perumal V, Muthuswamy K. Antifilarial lead molecules isolated from Trachyspermum ammi. Molecules. 2008;13:2156-68 pubmed
    ..malayi in Mastomys coucha, showing macrofilaricidal activity and female worm sterility in vivo against B. malayi. The findings thus provide a new lead for development of a macrofilaricidal drug from natural products...