Experts and Doctors on trees in United States
Locale: United States
Publications166 found, 100 shown here
- Castilla A, Pope N, Jha S. Positive density-dependent reproduction regulated by local kinship and size in an understorey tropical tree. Ann Bot. 2016;117:319-29 pubmed publisher..In addition to conserving large trees, we suggest the inclusion of small trees and the conservation of dense patches with low kinship as potential strategies for strengthening the reproductive status of tropical trees. ..
- Lindroth R, Kopper B, Parsons W, Bockheim J, Karnosky D, Hendrey G, et al. Consequences of elevated carbon dioxide and ozone for foliar chemical composition and dynamics in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) and paper birch (Betula papyrifera). Environ Pollut. 2001;115:395-404 pubmed
- Drake D, Naiman R. Reconstruction of Pacific salmon abundance from riparian tree-ring growth. Ecol Appl. 2007;17:1523-42 pubmed..Additionally, it provides a new frame of reference for maintaining and rebuilding individual stocks and for striking a balance between societal demands and the limited, always-changing salmon resource. ..
- Zhu L, Hites R. Brominated flame retardants in tree bark from North America. Environ Sci Technol. 2006;40:3711-6 pubmed..A polybrominated biphenyl congener (BB-153) was present in most tree bark samples at low levels relative to the PBDEs. ..
- Bytnerowicz A, Arbaugh M, Schilling S, Fraczek W, Alexander D, Dawson P. Air pollution distribution patterns in the San Bernardino Mountains of southern California: a 40-year perspective. ScientificWorldJournal. 2007;7 Suppl 1:98-109 pubmed..Elevated levels of O3 and increased N deposition together with long-term drought predispose the SBM forests to massive bark beetle attacks making them susceptible to catastrophic fires...
- Gass R, Rickenbach M, Schulte L, Zeuli K. Cross-boundary coordination on forested landscapes: investigating alternatives for implementation. Environ Manage. 2009;43:107-17 pubmed publisher..Second, match landowners' practices and objectives such that there are clear benefits to all. Third, develop relationships through low risk activities where possible. Fourth, do not expect on-going commitments. ..
- Lovejoy C, Suwa G, Simpson S, Matternes J, White T. The great divides: Ardipithecus ramidus reveals the postcrania of our last common ancestors with African apes. Science. 2009;326:100-6 pubmed..The specialized locomotor anatomies and behaviors of chimpanzees and gorillas therefore constitute poor models for the origin and evolution of human bipedality. ..
- Grace J, Harrison S, Damschen E. Local richness along gradients in the Siskiyou herb flora: R. H. Whittaker revisited. Ecology. 2011;92:108-20 pubmed..We find that regional pool size, combined with a modest number of other interacting abiotic and biotic factors, explains most of the variation in local herb richness in the Siskiyou biodiversity hotspot. ..
- Gaines K, Stanley J, Meinzer F, McCulloh K, Woodruff D, Chen W, et al. Reliance on shallow soil water in a mixed-hardwood forest in central Pennsylvania. Tree Physiol. 2016;36:444-58 pubmed publisher..Our results suggest that these types of forests may rely considerably on water sources that are quite shallow, even in the drier parts of the growing season. ..
- Bytnerowicz A, Godzik B, Grodzinska K, Fraczek W, Musselman R, Manning W, et al. Ambient ozone in forests of the Central and Eastern European mountains. Environ Pollut. 2004;130:5-16 pubmed..Continuation of monitoring efforts with a combination of active monitors and passive samplers is needed for developing risk assessment scenarios for forests and other natural areas of the CEE Region. ..
- Allen E, Temple P, Bytnerowicz A, Arbaugh M, Sirulnik A, Rao L. Patterns of understory diversity in mixed coniferous forests of southern California impacted by air pollution. ScientificWorldJournal. 2007;7 Suppl 1:247-63 pubmed..Nevertheless, the decline of native species and dominance by exotic species in the two westernmost polluted sites is cause for concern that air pollution is affecting the understory vegetation adversely. ..
- Bryant J, Clausen T, Swihart R, Landhausser S, Stevens M, Hawkins C, et al. Fire drives transcontinental variation in tree birch defense against browsing by snowshoe hares. Am Nat. 2009;174:13-23 pubmed publisher..Intakes of defense toxins by Alaskan hares exceed those by Wisconsin hares, suggesting that the proposed selection mosaic may coincide with a geographic mosaic of coevolution. ..
- Roy Chowdhury R. Differentiation and concordance in smallholder land use strategies in southern Mexico's conservation frontier. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:5780-5 pubmed publisher..Conservation development policies in the region need to accommodate diverse smallholder farming rationales, increase off-farm opportunities, and target sustainable development with the assistance of community conservation leaders. ..
- Flory S, Clay K. Non-native grass invasion suppresses forest succession. Oecologia. 2010;164:1029-38 pubmed publisher..Suppression of tree regeneration by Microstegium invasions may slow the rate of forest succession and alter tree species composition. ..
- Goodin D, Paige R, Owen R, Ghimire K, Koch D, Chu Y, et al. Microhabitat characteristics of Akodon montensis, a reservoir for hantavirus, and hantaviral seroprevalence in an Atlantic forest site in eastern Paraguay. J Vector Ecol. 2009;34:104-13 pubmed publisher..montensis. ..
- Warren J, Norby R, Wullschleger S. Elevated CO? enhances leaf senescence during extreme drought in a temperate forest. Tree Physiol. 2011;31:117-30 pubmed publisher..While E(CO(2)) can reduce leaf-level water use under droughty conditions, acute drought may induce excessive stomatal closure that could offset benefits of E(CO(2)) to temperate forest species during extreme weather events...
- Wullschleger S, Childs K, King A, Hanson P. A model of heat transfer in sapwood and implications for sap flux density measurements using thermal dissipation probes. Tree Physiol. 2011;31:669-79 pubmed publisher..Future studies should verify these simulations and assess their utility in estimating sap flux density for this widely used technique. ..
- Coyle D, Mattson W, Raffa K. Laboratory performance of two polyphagous invasive weevils on the predominant woody plant species of a northern hardwood community. Environ Entomol. 2010;39:1242-8 pubmed publisher..This likely reflects P. oblongus ' superior performance on sugar maple, the dominant flora in the study area. These data provide a basis for estimating the broader impacts of adult weevil feeding. ..
- Rogers H, Hille Ris Lambers J, Miller R, Tewksbury J. 'Natural experiment' demonstrates top-down control of spiders by birds on a landscape level. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e43446 pubmed publisher..Overall, our results suggest that effect sizes from smaller-scale experimental studies may significantly underestimate the impact of bird loss on spider density as demonstrated by this large-scale natural experiment...
- Kitajima K, Cordero R, Wright S. Leaf life span spectrum of tropical woody seedlings: effects of light and ontogeny and consequences for survival. Ann Bot. 2013;112:685-99 pubmed publisher..Both seedling leaf life span and stem density should be considered as key functional traits that contribute to seedling survival in tropical forest understoreys. ..
- Ricketts T, Lonsdorf E. Mapping the margin: comparing marginal values of tropical forest remnants for pollination services. Ecol Appl. 2013;23:1113-23 pubmed..The approach we develop is applicable to any ecosystem service. Combined with information on costs, it can help target conservation or restoration efforts to optimize benefits to people and biodiversity. ..
- Batterman S, Hedin L, van Breugel M, Ransijn J, Craven D, Hall J. Key role of symbiotic dinitrogen fixation in tropical forest secondary succession. Nature. 2013;502:224-7 pubmed publisher..These findings show that symbiotic N2 fixation can have a central role in nitrogen cycling during tropical forest stand development, with potentially important implications for the ability of tropical forests to sequester CO2. ..
- Gacura M, Sprockett D, Heidenreich B, Blackwood C. Comparison of pectin-degrading fungal communities in temperate forests using glycosyl hydrolase family 28 pectinase primers targeting Ascomycete fungi. J Microbiol Methods. 2016;123:108-13 pubmed publisher..Overall, these primers will have utility in understanding relationships between fungal community composition and ecosystem processes, as well as detection of potentially pathogenic Ascomycetes. ..
- Jones F, Chen J, Weng G, Hubbell S. A genetic evaluation of seed dispersal in the neotropical tree Jacaranda copaia (Bignoniaceae). Am Nat. 2005;166:543-55 pubmed..We discuss the results in light of different mechanisms responsible for separate distributions near the adult source and in the tail of the curve...
- Holdo R, Sinclair A, Dobson A, Metzger K, Bolker B, Ritchie M, et al. A disease-mediated trophic cascade in the Serengeti and its implications for ecosystem C. PLoS Biol. 2009;7:e1000210 pubmed publisher..We propose that the long-term status of the Serengeti and other intensely grazed savannas as sources or sinks for C may be fundamentally linked to the control of disease outbreaks and poaching. ..
- Adams A, Jordan M, Adams S, Suen G, Goodwin L, Davenport K, et al. Cellulose-degrading bacteria associated with the invasive woodwasp Sirex noctilio. ISME J. 2011;5:1323-31 pubmed publisher..noctilio, thus contributing to its ability to be established in forested habitats worldwide...
- Jumpponen A, Keating K, Gadbury G, Jones K, Mattox J. Multi-element fingerprinting and high throughput sequencing identify multiple elements that affect fungal communities in Quercus macrocarpa foliage. Plant Signal Behav. 2010;5:1157-61 pubmed publisher..Those were related to unevenly distributed OTU frequency data, a large number of potentially explanatory variables, and the disproportionate effects of outlier observations. ..
- Hanberry B, He H, Palik B. Pseudoabsence generation strategies for species distribution models. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44486 pubmed publisher..Because of imperfect accuracy assessment, the best assessment currently may be evaluation of whether the species has been sufficiently but not excessively predicted to occur. ..
- Nowak D, Hirabayashi S, Bodine A, Hoehn R. Modeled PM2.5 removal by trees in ten U.S. cities and associated health effects. Environ Pollut. 2013;178:395-402 pubmed publisher..05% in San Francisco and 0.24% in Atlanta. Understanding the impact of urban trees on air quality can lead to improved urban forest management strategies to sustain human health in cities...
- Lutz D, Powell R, Silman M. Four decades of Andean timberline migration and implications for biodiversity loss with climate change. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e74496 pubmed publisher..We anticipate that the ecotone will be a hard barrier to migration under future climate change, leading to drastic population and biodiversity losses in the region unless intensive management steps are taken. ..
- Hirabayashi S, Nowak D. Comprehensive national database of tree effects on air quality and human health in the United States. Environ Pollut. 2016;215:48-57 pubmed publisher..Comprehensive national database of tree effects on air quality and human health in the United States was developed. ..
- Slot M, Wright S, Kitajima K. Foliar respiration and its temperature sensitivity in trees and lianas: in situ measurements in the upper canopy of a tropical forest. Tree Physiol. 2013;33:505-15 pubmed publisher..Similarity in respiration characteristics across PFTs, and relatively strong correlations of R with other leaf functional traits offer potential for trait-based vegetation modeling in species-rich tropical forests. ..
- Balko E, Underwood H. Effects of forest structure and composition on food availability for Varecia variegata at Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. Am J Primatol. 2005;66:45-70 pubmed..V. variegata is adapted to deal with an intrinsically erratic food supply by virtue of its reproductive biology and social behavior...
- Rittenhouse C, Pidgeon A, Albright T, Culbert P, Clayton M, Flather C, et al. Conservation of forest birds: evidence of a shifting baseline in community structure. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e11938 pubmed publisher..Importantly, these findings suggest some regions of the United States may already fall below the habitat amount threshold where fragmentation effects become important predictors of forest bird community structure. ..
- Roe A, Meyer C, Nibbelink N, Ben David M. Differential tree and shrub production in response to fertilization and disturbance by coastal river otters in Alaska. Ecology. 2010;91:3177-88 pubmed..Such differences should be accounted for when assessing the influence of river otters on the carbon budget of Alaskan coastal forests at the landscape scale...
- Woodruff D, McCulloh K, Warren J, Meinzer F, Lachenbruch B. Impacts of tree height on leaf hydraulic architecture and stomatal control in Douglas-fir. Plant Cell Environ. 2007;30:559-69 pubmed..This adaptation may allow taller trees to continue to photosynthesize during periods of greater water stress. ..
- Jachowski D, Slotow R, Millspaugh J. Physiological stress and refuge behavior by African elephants. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31818 pubmed publisher..Wildlife managers planning to translocate animals, or to initiate other management activities that could result in chronic stress responses, should consider the potential for, and consequences of, refuge behavior. ..
- Adetona O, Dunn K, Hall D, Achtemeier G, Stock A, Naeher L. Personal PM(2.5) exposure among wildland firefighters working at prescribed forest burns in Southeastern United States. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2011;8:503-11 pubmed publisher..Self-assessed exposure levels agreed with measured concentrations of PM(2.5). Correlation analysis shows that either PM(2.5) or CO could be used as a surrogate measure of exposure to woodsmoke at prescribed burns. ..
- Cavender J, Vadell E, Landolt J, Stephenson S. New species of small dictyostelids from the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Mycologia. 2005;97:493-512 pubmed..These species were recovered mostly from acidic soils and at higher elevations. They represent a large group of dictyostelids of small stature (<2 mm total height) on which we are beginning to accumulate more information...
- Lindner D, Burdsall H, Stanosz G. Species diversity of polyporoid and corticioid fungi in northern hardwood forests with differing management histories. Mycologia. 2006;98:195-217 pubmed..Two of these species. Changes in the diversity and species composition of the wood-inhabiting fungal community could have significant implications for the diversity, health and productivity of forest ecosystems...
- Phillips R, Finzi A, Bernhardt E. Enhanced root exudation induces microbial feedbacks to N cycling in a pine forest under long-term CO2 fumigation. Ecol Lett. 2011;14:187-94 pubmed publisher..To the extent that increases in exudation also stimulate SOM decomposition, such changes may prevent soil C accumulation in forest ecosystems. ..
- Paciorek C, Goring S, Thurman A, Cogbill C, Williams J, Mladenoff D, et al. Statistically-Estimated Tree Composition for the Northeastern United States at Euro-American Settlement. PLoS ONE. 2016;11:e0150087 pubmed publisher..The data product is being made available at the NIS data portal as version 1.0. ..
- Higuera P, Brubaker L, Anderson P, Brown T, Kennedy A, Hu F. Frequent fires in ancient shrub tundra: implications of paleorecords for arctic environmental change. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e0001744 pubmed publisher..Increased tundra burning will have broad impacts on physical and biological systems as well as on land-atmosphere interactions in the Arctic, including the potential to release stored organic carbon to the atmosphere. ..
- Boone C, Six D, Zheng Y, Raffa K. Parasitoids and dipteran predators exploit volatiles from microbial symbionts to locate bark beetles. Environ Entomol. 2008;37:150-61 pubmed..Overall, specialists showed strong attraction to fungal cues, whereas generalists were more attracted by plant volatiles. These results also show how microbial symbionts can have conflicting effects on host fitness. ..
- Haynes K, Liebhold A, Fearer T, Wang G, Norman G, Johnson D. Spatial synchrony propagates through a forest food web via consumer-resource interactions. Ecology. 2009;90:2974-83 pubmed..This work suggests that the transfer of synchrony among trophically linked species may be a major factor causing interspecific synchrony. ..
- Daegling D, McGraw W, Ungar P, Pampush J, Vick A, Bitty E. Hard-object feeding in sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys) and interpretation of early hominin feeding ecology. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e23095 pubmed publisher..The adaptive significance of australopith craniofacial morphology may instead be related to the toughness, rather than the hardness, of ingested foods...
- Carrino Kyker S, Smemo K, Burke D. The effects of pH change and NO3- pulse on microbial community structure and function: a vernal pool microcosm study. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2012;81:660-72 pubmed publisher..The functioning of natural vernal pools, which experience both persistent and short-term environmental change, may thus depend on the type and duration of the change or disturbance...
- Chmura D, Guzicka M, McCulloh K, Å»ytkowiak R. Limited variation found among Norway spruce half-sib families in physiological response to drought and resistance to embolism. Tree Physiol. 2016;36:252-66 pubmed publisher..This may limit breeding opportunities for increased D resistance in Norway spruce in light of expected climatic changes. ..
- Hanson P, Todd D, Amthor J. A six-year study of sapling and large-tree growth and mortality responses to natural and induced variability in precipitation and throughfall. Tree Physiol. 2001;21:345-58 pubmed..These field growth data indicate that differences in seasonal patterns of rainfall within and between years have greater impacts on growth than percentage changes in rainfall applied to all rainfall events. ..
- Bockheim J, Crowley S. Ion cycling in hemlock-northern hardwood forests of the southern Lake Superior region: a preliminary study. J Environ Qual. 2002;31:1623-9 pubmed..All of the stands featured striking losses of base cations that probably are influenced strongly by NO3 and SO4 in atmospheric deposition...
- Samson D, Muehlenbein M, Hunt K. Do chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) exhibit sleep related behaviors that minimize exposure to parasitic arthropods? A preliminary report on the possible anti-vector function of chimpanzee sleeping platforms. Primates. 2013;54:73-80 pubmed publisher..This great ape behavioral and socio-technological adaptation may have evolved, in part, to increase quality of sleep as well as decrease exposure to vectors of disease...
- Widmer F, Shaffer B, Porteous L, Seidler R. Analysis of nifH gene pool complexity in soil and litter at a Douglas fir forest site in the Oregon cascade mountain range. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999;65:374-80 pubmed
- Fordham M, Harrison Murray R, Knight L, Clay C. Decline in stomatal response to leaf water deficit in Corylus maxima cuttings. Tree Physiol. 2001;21:489-96 pubmed..g., in L1, 8 micromol m(-2) s(-1) at a photosynthetic photon flux density of 400 micromol m(-2) s(-1)). The implications of the results for post-rooting acclimatization procedures are discussed...
- Rich J, Heichen R, Bottomley P, Cromack K, Myrold D. Community composition and functioning of denitrifying bacteria from adjacent meadow and forest soils. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003;69:5974-82 pubmed..Denitrifying community composition, as well as environmental factors, may contribute to the variability of denitrification rates in these systems. ..
- Brown J, Reynolds W, Palmisano C, Taylor V. Aerial optimization and canopy penetration study of Dibrom 14 Concentrate. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2005;21:106-13 pubmed..Los Angeles, CA) was applied at 3.12 liter per min from a release height of 60.96 m above ground level (agl) at 140 kts indicated airspeed. This resulted in an application rate of 0.65 oz/acre. ..
- Bogar L, Kennedy P. New wrinkles in an old paradigm: neighborhood effects can modify the structure and specificity of Alnus-associated ectomycorrhizal fungal communities. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2013;83:767-77 pubmed publisher..Our results indicate that while host identity acts as a primary filter on the composition and diversity of ECM fungal communities, proximity to a closely related host can mediate significant changes in community structure...
- Naithani K, Baldwin D, Gaines K, Lin H, Eissenstat D. Spatial distribution of tree species governs the spatio-temporal interaction of leaf area index and soil moisture across a forested landscape. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e58704 pubmed publisher..Our results provide insight into spatio-temporal coupling between biodiversity and soil hydrology that is useful to enhance ecohydrological modeling in humid temperate forests. ..
- VanWormer J, Holsman R, Petchenik J, Dhuey B, Keifer M. Epidemiologic trends in medically-attended tree stand fall injuries among Wisconsin deer hunters. Injury. 2016;47:220-5 pubmed publisher..The current seasonal incidence rate of tree stand fall injuries is relatively low in rural Wisconsin, but with limited signs of improvement. Continued efforts are needed to promote the long-term safety of the hunting public. ..
- Bond Lamberty B, Wang C, Gower S. Contribution of root respiration to soil surface CO2 flux in a boreal black spruce chronosequence. Tree Physiol. 2004;24:1387-95 pubmed..Evidence suggests that RC may have been underestimated in the oldest stands, with residual root decay from trenching accounting for 5-10% of trenched plot RS at most sites. ..
- Foley J, Defries R, Asner G, Barford C, Bonan G, Carpenter S, et al. Global consequences of land use. Science. 2005;309:570-4 pubmed..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term. ..
- Geremia C, White P, Wallen R, Watson F, Treanor J, Borkowski J, et al. Predicting bison migration out of Yellowstone National Park using bayesian models. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e16848 pubmed publisher..This research is an example of how long distance migration dynamics can be incorporated into improved management policies...
- Veldman J, Mattingly W, Brudvig L. Understory plant communities and the functional distinction between savanna trees, forest trees, and pines. Ecology. 2013;94:424-34 pubmed..In particular, distinct relationships between trees and C4 graminoids have implications for grass-tree coexistence and vegetation-fire feedbacks that maintain savanna environments and their associated understory plant diversity...
- Morton D, Nagol J, Carabajal C, Rosette J, Palace M, Cook B, et al. Amazon forests maintain consistent canopy structure and greenness during the dry season. Nature. 2014;506:221-4 pubmed publisher..Correcting optical remote sensing data for artefacts of sun-sensor geometry is essential to isolate the response of global vegetation to seasonal and interannual climate variability. ..
- Ehn M, Thornton J, Kleist E, Sipilä M, Junninen H, Pullinen I, et al. A large source of low-volatility secondary organic aerosol. Nature. 2014;506:476-9 pubmed publisher..Our findings could help to improve assessments of biosphere-aerosol-climate feedback mechanisms, and the air quality and climate effects of biogenic emissions generally. ..
- Goode L, Erhardt E, Santiago L, Allen M. Carbon stable isotopic composition of soluble sugars in Tillandsia epiphytes varies in response to shifts in habitat. Oecologia. 2010;163:583-90 pubmed publisher..C isotopic analysis of sugars together with bulk leaf tissue offers a useful approach for incorporating short- and long-term measurements of C isotope discrimination during photosynthesis. ..
- Powers M, Kolka R, Bradford J, Palik B, Fraver S, Jurgensen M. Carbon stocks across a chronosequence of thinned and unmanaged red pine (Pinus resinosa) stands. Ecol Appl. 2012;22:1297-307 pubmed
- Chapman C, Chapman L, Naughton Treves L, Lawes M, McDowell L. Predicting folivorous primate abundance: validation of a nutritional model. Am J Primatol. 2004;62:55-69 pubmed..Combining our data with published data, we demonstrate that the protein-to-fiber ratios of mature leaves available to these folivorous primates accounted for 87% of the variance in their biomass. ..
- Spies T, Johnson K, Burnett K, Ohmann J, McComb B, Reeves G, et al. Cumulative ecological and socioeconomic effects of forest policies in coastal Oregon. Ecol Appl. 2007;17:5-17 pubmed
- Brazee N, Ortiz Santana B, Banik M, Lindner D. Armillaria altimontana, a new species from the western interior of North America. Mycologia. 2012;104:1200-5 pubmed publisher..Results indicate that isolates of A. altimontana formed a monophyletic group and clustered with A. calvescens, A. cepistipes, A. gallica and A. nabsnona, which is in agreement with recent phylogenetic studies of Armillaria. ..
- Brewer J, Bertz C, Cannon J, Chesser J, Maynard E. Do natural disturbances or the forestry practices that follow them convert forests to early-successional communities?. Ecol Appl. 2012;22:442-58 pubmed
- Donovan G, Butry D, Michael Y, Prestemon J, Liebhold A, Gatziolis D, et al. The relationship between trees and human health: evidence from the spread of the emerald ash borer. Am J Prev Med. 2013;44:139-45 pubmed publisher..This finding adds to the growing evidence that the natural environment provides major public health benefits. ..
- Mason C, Hanshew A, Raffa K. Contributions by Host Trees and Insect Activity to Bacterial Communities in Dendroctonus valens (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Galleries, and Their High Overlap With Other Microbial Assemblages of Bark Beetles. Environ Entomol. 2016;45:348-56 pubmed publisher..valens, respectively. This suggests that the bacteria present in beetle galleries are largely introduced by D. valens and proliferate in this environment. ..
- Keathley C, Potter D. Quantitative resistance traits and suitability of woody plant species for a polyphagous scarab, Popillia japonica Newman. Environ Entomol. 2008;37:1548-57 pubmed..Specialized secondary chemistry, not quantitative defenses, likely determines the Japanese beetle's dietary range among deciduous woody plant species it may encounter...