Experts and Doctors on seasons in Japan


Locale: Japan
Topic: seasons

Top Publications

  1. Widiasih D, Ido N, Omoe K, Sugii S, Shinagawa K. Duration and magnitude of faecal shedding of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli from naturally infected cattle. Epidemiol Infect. 2004;132:67-75 pubmed
  2. Ogita T, Vallejo Manaois R, Wakagi M, Oki T, Takano Ishikawa Y, Watanabe J. Identification and evaluation of antioxidants in Japanese parsley. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2016;67:431-40 pubmed publisher
    ..An obvious trend in the lipophilic antioxidant capacities or lutein contents was not observed irrespective of the cultivar. ..
  3. Kagawa A, Sugimoto A, Maximov T. 13CO2 pulse-labelling of photoassimilates reveals carbon allocation within and between tree rings. Plant Cell Environ. 2006;29:1571-84 pubmed
    ..These results emphasize the need for separating earlywood and latewood for climate reconstruction work with narrow boreal tree rings. ..
  4. Iida R, Koketsu Y. Climatic factors associated with abortion occurrences in Japanese commercial pig herds. Anim Reprod Sci. 2015;157:78-86 pubmed publisher
    ..4% of non-aborting females. In conclusion, producers should closely monitor females at greater risk of aborting and apply more advanced cooling systems. ..
  5. Makino K, Nakamura H, Hide T, Kuratsu J. Risk of primary childhood brain tumors related to season of birth in Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011;27:75-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Although our data provide modest support for a winter peak in the birth of children with brain tumors, we posit that there may be yet unknown, complex biological mechanisms that account for these putative seasonal patterns. ..
  6. Watanabe T, Maruyama S, Maruyama Y, Kageyama S, Shinbo H, Otsuka A, et al. Seasonal changes in symptom score and uroflowmetry in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 2007;41:521-6 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that the IPSS and the QOL score remain nearly constant if they are determined regularly over an extended period of time. Qmax may however be influenced by seasonal changes in temperature. ..
  7. Yoshioka N, Chiba T, Yamauchi M, Monma T, Yoshizaki K. Forensic consideration of death in the bathtub. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2003;5 Suppl 1:S375-81 pubmed
    ..These changes might contribute to cardiac arrest or to drowning in the bathtub. Moreover, a sudden decrease of blood pressure is considered to be a risk factor of cerebrovascular accident. ..
  8. Takenaka T, Kojima E, Sueyoshi K, Sato T, Uchida K, Arai J, et al. Seasonal variations of daily changes in blood pressure among hypertensive patients with end-stage renal diseases. Clin Exp Hypertens. 2010;32:227-33 pubmed publisher
  9. Smith D, Leggat P. Hand dermatitis among female nursing students in tropical Australia. Nurs Health Sci. 2004;6:109-13 pubmed
    ..The identification of atopic dermatitis as a hand dermatitis risk factor was, however, consistent with previous research conducted in non-tropical areas. ..

More Information


  1. Goto K, Kumarendran B, Mettananda S, Gunasekara D, Fujii Y, Kaneko S. Analysis of effects of meteorological factors on dengue incidence in Sri Lanka using time series data. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e63717 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the weekly total rainfall slightly influenced dengue incidence in the cities of Colombo and Anuradhapura. ..
  2. Yamaguchi S, Ohfuji S, Hirota Y. Influenza vaccine effectiveness in primary school children in Japan: a prospective cohort study using rapid diagnostic test results. J Infect Chemother. 2010;16:407-13 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was able to estimate influenza VE at very low cost with high specificity in case ascertainment by collecting the readily available data on influenza rapid test with questionnaires. ..
  3. Tee K, Lam T, Chan Y, Bible J, Kamarulzaman A, Tong C, et al. Evolutionary genetics of human enterovirus 71: origin, population dynamics, natural selection, and seasonal periodicity of the VP1 gene. J Virol. 2010;84:3339-50 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss the consequences of the evolutionary dynamics of EV-71 for vaccine design and compare its phylodynamic behavior with that of influenza virus. ..
  4. Delilbasi C, Yamazawa M, Nomura K, Iida S, Kogo M. Maxillofacial fractures sustained during sports played with a ball. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004;97:23-7 pubmed
    ..2%). Among ball-related sports, baseball is responsible for most of the maxillofacial fractures, but, although the incidence is not that high, soccer-related fractures may be more severe due to the nature of this sport. ..
  5. Otani S, Onishi K, Mu H, Yokoyama Y, Hosoda T, Okamoto M, et al. The relationship between skin symptoms and allergic reactions to Asian dust. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2012;9:4606-14 pubmed publisher
    ..047), nickel sulfate (p = 0.008), and Asian dust particles (p = 0.047) were more common in group A than in group B. Skin symptoms during Asian dust events may be allergic reactions to Asian dust particle-bound metals. ..
  6. Nagata A, Kose K, Terada Y. Development of an outdoor MRI system for measuring flow in a living tree. J Magn Reson. 2016;265:129-38 pubmed publisher
    ..The MRI flow measurements demonstrated the diurnal changes in flow velocity in the stem on a per-pixel basis. These results demonstrate that our outdoor MRI system is a powerful tool for studies of water transport in outdoor trees. ..
  7. Kuzume K, Kusu M. Before-birth climatologic data may play a role in the development of allergies in infants. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2007;18:281-7 pubmed
    ..The climatologic data around birth may play an important role in whether an infant develops allergies. ..
  8. Hirota M, Nemoto K, Wada A, Igarashi Y, Aoyama M, Matsueda H, et al. Spatial and temporal variations of atmospheric 85Kr observed during 1995-2001 in Japan: estimation of atmospheric 85Kr inventory in the Northern Hemisphere. J Radiat Res. 2004;45:405-13 pubmed
    ..The global atmospheric inventory of 85Kr in December 2001 was also estimated to be approximately 5 EBq by using observed data in Tsukuba...
  9. Gotoh T, Higo Y, Fujita T, Kasuga S. Does the number of diapausing eggs laid on bark affect the population dynamics of the spider mite Panonychus mori?. Exp Appl Acarol. 2006;39:75-83 pubmed
    ..Diapause ended by early April when egg hatchability attained about 50% and eggs took 9 days to hatch at 25 degrees C and a 16L:8D photoperiod. Hatching in early April was twice faster than in late February...
  10. Chowdhury A, Ishibashi M, Thiem V, Tuyet D, Tung T, Chien B, et al. Emergence and serovar transition of Vibrio parahaemolyticus pandemic strains isolated during a diarrhea outbreak in Vietnam between 1997 and 1999. Microbiol Immunol. 2004;48:319-27 pubmed
    ..It was clear that a transition of major serovars occurred among the pandemic strains represented by the emergence of O3: K6 in 1997, O4: K68 in 1998, and O1: K25 in 1998 and 1999...
  11. Sawabe K, Isawa H, Hoshino K, Sasaki T, Roychoudhury S, Higa Y, et al. Host-feeding habits of Culex pipiens and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) collected at the urban and suburban residential areas of Japan. J Med Entomol. 2010;47:442-50 pubmed
    ..pipiens might play a significant role in the avian-to-mammal transmission of viruses, such as West Nile virus, whereas Ae. albopictus might play a role in the human-human transmission of dengue and Chikungunya viruses. ..
  12. Begum S, Kudo K, Matsuoka Y, Nakaba S, Yamagishi Y, Nabeshima E, et al. Localized cooling of stems induces latewood formation and cambial dormancy during seasons of active cambium in conifers. Ann Bot. 2016;117:465-77 pubmed publisher
    ..A decrease in the temperature of the stem is a critical factor in the control of cambial activity and xylem differentiation in trees. ..
  13. Akiyama T, Seishima M, Watanabe H, Nakatani A, Mori S, Kitajima Y. The relationships of onset and exacerbation of pustulosis palmaris et plantaris to smoking and focal infections. J Dermatol. 1995;22:930-4 pubmed
    ..2% and 9.8% for males and females. These results suggest that heavy smoking, tonsillitis, and seasonal factors such as high humidity and high temperature may be related to the onset and exacerbation of PPP. ..
  14. Miyamoto K, Kotake T, Sasamoto M, Saniewski M, Ueda J. Gummosis in grape hyacinth (Muscari armeniacum) bulbs: hormonal regulation and chemical composition of gums. J Plant Res. 2010;123:363-70 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that principal factors of gummosis as well as the chemical composition of gums differ between species of bulbous plants...
  15. Hayakawa D, Sasaki M, Suzuki M, Tsubota T, Igota H, Kaji K, et al. Immunohistochemical localization of steroidogenic enzymes in the testis of the sika deer (Cervus nippon) during developmental and seasonal changes. J Reprod Dev. 2010;56:117-23 pubmed
  16. MacIntosh A, Hernandez A, Huffman M. Host age, sex, and reproductive seasonality affect nematode parasitism in wild Japanese macaques. Primates. 2010;51:353-64 pubmed publisher
  17. Abe Y, Abe Ouchi A, Sleep N, Zahnle K. Habitable zone limits for dry planets. Astrobiology. 2011;11:443-60 pubmed publisher
    ..It is possible that Venus was a habitable land planet as recently as 1 billion years ago. ..
  18. Ujihara M, Nakajima K, Yamamoto M, Teraishi M, Uchida Y, Akiyama M, et al. Epidermal triglyceride levels are correlated with severity of ichthyosis in Dorfman-Chanarin syndrome. J Dermatol Sci. 2010;57:102-7 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that TG accumulation by epidermal keratinocytes directly contributes to ichthyosiform phenotype of DCS. ..
  19. Sunwoo Y, Chou C, Takeshita J, Murakami M, Tochihara Y. Physiological and subjective responses to low relative humidity. J Physiol Anthropol. 2006;25:7-14 pubmed
    ..Subjects felt cold immediately after a change in RH while they had only a slight perception of dryness at the change of humidity...
  20. Matsuda I, Tuuga A, Bernard H, Furuichi T. Inter-individual relationships in proboscis monkeys: a preliminary comparison with other non-human primates. Primates. 2012;53:13-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Newly immigrated females in some species including proboscis monkeys are eager to have social interactions with senior group members to improve their social position. ..
  21. Pebsworth P, Bardi M, Huffman M. Geophagy in chacma baboons: patterns of soil consumption by age class, sex, and reproductive state. Am J Primatol. 2012;74:48-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on analytical results, the soils consumed would be effective at alleviating gastrointestinal distress and possibly supplementing minerals for all age/sex classes, but potentially for different age/sex requirements...
  22. Matsuoka H, Akiyama M, Kobayashi K, Yamaji K. Fe and P solubilization under limiting conditions by bacteria isolated from Carex kobomugi roots at the Hasaki coast. Curr Microbiol. 2013;66:314-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that colonization of root tissue by these bacteria contribute to the Fe and P uptakes by C. kobomugi by increasing availability in the soil. ..
  23. Li L, Phan T, Nguyen T, Kim K, Seo J, Shimizu H, et al. Molecular epidemiology of adenovirus infection among pediatric population with diarrhea in Asia. Microbiol Immunol. 2005;49:121-8 pubmed
    ..0% and 20%) in Japan and Korea, respectively, which is mainly associated with keratoconjunctivitis worldwide. Our result underscored the importance of adenovirus in association with acute gastroenteritis in Asian countries...
  24. Kitashima Y, Gotoh T. Population dynamics of Panonychus osmanthi (Acari: Tetranychidae) on two Osmanthus species. Exp Appl Acarol. 2003;29:227-40 pubmed
    ..This suggests that predators play an important role in the drastic decline of P. osmanthi density just after the spring peak...
  25. Sasayama Y, Takemura M, Takano K. Ultimobranchial glands in the teleost (Plecoglossus altivelis ryukyuensis): special references to changes of gland volume with maturation. Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn. 2001;78:101-6 pubmed
  26. Kitamura S, Jung S, Suzuki S. Seasonal change of infective state of marine birnavirus in Japanese pearl oyster Pinctada fucata. Arch Virol. 2000;145:2003-14 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that MABV persistently infected hemocytes in summer with a small amount of genome and protein, and then the virus spread in winter into the parenchymal cells...
  27. Kawamura M, Hashimoto T, Ogino T, Kaneko H, Mifune S, Watanabe T, et al. Seasonal Variation in the Daily Urinary Sodium Excretion in Outpatients from the Morioka Region of Northern Japan. Intern Med. 2017;56:1321-1329 pubmed publisher
    ..This is evidence for restricting salt intake throughout the year and should reassure patients who are anxious about salt loss due to sweating in summer...
  28. Xue Q, Shimizu K, Sakharkar M, Utsumi M, Cao G, Li M, et al. Geosmin degradation by seasonal biofilm from a biological treatment facility. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2012;19:700-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, for the first time, we evaluated the biodegradation of geosmin by microorganisms in biofilm from biological treatment unit of actual potable water treatment plant...
  29. Makino Y, Noguchi E, Takahashi N, Matsumoto Y, Kubo S, Yamada T, et al. Apolipoprotein A-IV is a candidate target molecule for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010;126:1163-9.e5 pubmed publisher
    ..01). Our data will increase the understanding of the mechanism of SLIT and may provide novel insights into the treatment of allergic rhinitis. ..
  30. Hanya G, Tsuji Y, Grueter C. Fruiting and flushing phenology in Asian tropical and temperate forests: implications for primate ecology. Primates. 2013;54:101-10 pubmed publisher
  31. Tada Y, Grossart H. Community shifts of actively growing lake bacteria after N-acetyl-glucosamine addition: improving the BrdU-FACS method. ISME J. 2014;8:441-54 pubmed publisher
    ..The BrdU-FACS approach enables detailed phylogenetic studies of AGB and, thus, to identify those phylotypes which are potential key players in aquatic DOM cycling. ..
  32. Imamura T, Higuchi A, Takahashi H. Dehydrins are highly expressed in overwintering buds and enhance drought and freezing tolerance in Gentiana triflora. Plant Sci. 2013;213:55-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Accumulation of GtDHNs may be part of the strategy for winter survival of gentian OWBs. ..
  33. Nabeshima T, Thi Nga P, Guillermo P, Parquet M, Yu F, Thanh Thuy N, et al. Isolation and molecular characterization of Banna virus from mosquitoes, Vietnam. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:1276-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these findings suggest widespread distribution of this virus throughout Southeast Asia...
  34. Yooyongwech S, Sugaya S, Sekozawa Y, Gemma H. Differential adaptation of high- and low-chill dormant peaches in winter through aquaporin gene expression and soluble sugar content. Plant Cell Rep. 2009;28:1709-15 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, Pp-deltaTIP1 and Pp-PIP2 mRNA increased at the end of endodormancy in both cultivars. This change may be induced by endodormancy-release signals and the resumption of bud activity in both cultivars. ..
  35. Soda K, Ando M, Sakata T, Sugimoto M, Nakashima H, Araki S. C1q and C3 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from patients with summer-type hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Chest. 1988;93:76-80 pubmed
    ..These findings are indicative of local secretion or concentration mechanism of C1q and C3, supporting the involvement of immune complexes in the respiratory tract of the patients. ..
  36. Tsuruda K, Arakawa O, Noguchi T. Toxicity and toxin profiles of the newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster from western Japan. J Nat Toxins. 2001;10:79-89 pubmed
  37. Horiguchi T, Takiguchi N, Cho H, Kojima M, Kaya M, Shiraishi H, et al. Ovo-testis and disturbed reproductive cycle in the giant abalone, Haliotis madaka: possible linkage with organotin contamination in a site of population decline. Mar Environ Res. 2000;50:223-9 pubmed
    ..Endocrine disruption may be caused in the giant abalone by organotin compounds from antifouling paints, which are possibly one of the causal factors for the decline of Japanese abalone stocks. ..
  38. Niva C, Takeda M. Effects of photoperiod, temperature and melatonin on nymphal development, polyphenism and reproduction in Halyomorpha halys (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Zoolog Sci. 2003;20:963-70 pubmed
    ..In males, melatonin retarded gonadal development under LD16:8. These results may suggest a possible role of melatonin for the control of seasonal polyphenism and development. ..
  39. Osada M, Harata M, Kishida M, Kijima A. Molecular cloning and expression analysis of vitellogenin in scallop, Patinopecten yessoensis (Bivalvia, Mollusca). Mol Reprod Dev. 2004;67:273-81 pubmed publisher
    ..The transcription of Vtg mRNA appeared to be promoted by estradiol-17beta (E2) not by VPF although VPF may enhance the translation of Vtg mRNA...
  40. Li W, Nasu T, Ma Y, Zhu X, Wanng W, Song R, et al. Migration of warble fly larvae in the yak and optimum timing of ivermectin treatment. J Vet Med Sci. 2004;66:891-2 pubmed
    ..Although some warbles were observed in the September- and November-treated groups, no warbles were detected in the October-treated group. Treatment of yaks with ivermectin was most effective for warble fly in October...
  41. Fujita T, Fukada H, Shimizu M, Hiramatsu N, Hara A. Annual changes in serum levels of two choriogenins and vitellogenin in masu salmon, Oncorhynchus masou. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2005;141:211-7 pubmed
    ..93+/-3.24 mg/mL, respectively. These results suggest that chorion formation by Chgs occurs prior to vitellogenesis and that the sensitivity of Chgs to low circulating E2 is closely related to the sequential events of oocyte growth...
  42. Kawakami A, Yoshida M. Fructan:fructan 1-fructosyltransferase, a key enzyme for biosynthesis of graminan oligomers in hardened wheat. Planta. 2005;223:90-104 pubmed publisher
    ..In combination with sucrose:sucrose 1-fructosyltransferase (1-SST; EC and 6-SFT, 1-FFT is necessary for fructan synthesis in hardened wheat...
  43. Begum S, Nakaba S, Yamagishi Y, Yamane K, Islam M, Oribe Y, et al. A rapid decrease in temperature induces latewood formation in artificially reactivated cambium of conifer stems. Ann Bot. 2012;110:875-85 pubmed publisher
  44. Fujii T, Hayashi T, Ishimoto A, Takahashi S, Asano H, Kato T. Prenatal infection with Setaria marshalli (Boulenger 1921) in cattle. Vet Parasitol. 1995;56:303-9 pubmed
    ..It is concluded, therefore, that S. marshalli prenatal infection develops during the middle stage of fetal life in summer...
  45. Kaneko A, Taleo G, Kalkoa M, Yaviong J, Reeve P, Ganczakowski M, et al. Malaria epidemiology, glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and human settlement in the Vanuatu Archipelago. Acta Trop. 1998;70:285-302 pubmed
    ..Different malaria endemicities possibly then selected different prevalences of G6PD deficiency over many generations...
  46. Tsvetanov S, Ohno R, Tsuda K, Takumi S, Mori N, Atanassov A, et al. A cold-responsive wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) gene wcor14 identified in a winter-hardy cultivar 'Mironovska 808'. Genes Genet Syst. 2000;75:49-57 pubmed
    ..Neither treatment with NaCl, ABA nor dehydration induced its expression. Based on these results we conclude that wcor14 is a wheat orthologue of the barley cor14b and specifically induced by low temperature. ..
  47. Matsushika A, Makino S, Kojima M, Mizuno T. Circadian waves of expression of the APRR1/TOC1 family of pseudo-response regulators in Arabidopsis thaliana: insight into the plant circadian clock. Plant Cell Physiol. 2000;41:1002-12 pubmed
    ..Here we propose that the circadian waves of the APRR1/TOC1 family members are most likely a molecular basis of such a biological clock in higher plants. ..
  48. Matsunaga T, Koarashi J, Atarashi Andoh M, Nagao S, Sato T, Nagai H. Comparison of the vertical distributions of Fukushima nuclear accident radiocesium in soil before and after the first rainy season, with physicochemical and mineralogical interpretations. Sci Total Environ. 2013;447:301-14 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that the mineralogical effect on the firm fixation of (137)Cs on soil constituents may be masked by the non-specific adsorption offered by the physicochemical properties of the soils. ..
  49. Jaman M, Huffman M. The effect of urban and rural habitats and resource type on activity budgets of commensal rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) in Bangladesh. Primates. 2013;54:49-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Commensal rhesus macaques show a high degree of behavioral flexibility in response to habitat and resource variability, and knowledge of these differences is important for the conservation and management of highly commensal primates...
  50. Aono Y, Saito S. Clarifying springtime temperature reconstructions of the medieval period by gap-filling the cherry blossom phenological data series at Kyoto, Japan. Int J Biometeorol. 2010;54:211-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Temperatures then fell until the 1180s, recovered gradually until the 1310s, and then declined again in the mid-fourteenth century...
  51. Yokoya M, Shimizu H. Estimation of effective day length at any light intensity using solar radiation data. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011;8:4272-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Recently, a number of studies have provided support for a link between day length and some diseases. Our results will be useful in further assessing the relationships between day length and these diseases. ..
  52. Mizuta K, Abiko C, Murata T, Matsuzaki Y, Itagaki T, Sanjoh K, et al. Frequent importation of enterovirus 71 from surrounding countries into the local community of Yamagata, Japan, between 1998 and 2003. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:6171-5 pubmed
    ..quot; Our results suggest that the importation of EV71 from surrounding countries has had a major epidemiological impact on the local community used in our study...
  53. Shintoku Y, Kimura E, Kadosaka T, Hasegawa H, Kondo S, Itoh M, et al. Strongyloides ratti infection in the large intestine of wild rats, Rattus norvegicus. J Parasitol. 2005;91:1116-21 pubmed
    ..Five species of nematode found in the wild rats showed seasonality in infection intensity, with highest intensities in March-May. The number of S. ratti in the large intestine was also highest in these months...
  54. Kondo M, Honda Y, Ono M. Growing concern about heatstroke this summer in Japan after Fukushima nuclear disaster. Environ Health Prev Med. 2011;16:279-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Heat stroke management will be a major challenge following the Fukushima nuclear plant accident that occurred due to the Great East Japan Earthquake. In this article, a number of actions to meet this challenge are proposed...
  55. Kabuto M, Nitta H, Yamamoto S, Yamaguchi N, Akiba S, Honda Y, et al. Childhood leukemia and magnetic fields in Japan: a case-control study of childhood leukemia and residential power-frequency magnetic fields in Japan. Int J Cancer. 2006;119:643-50 pubmed
    ..Most of the leukemia cases in the highest exposure category had MF levels far above 0.4 microT. Our results provided additional evidence that high MF exposure was associated with a higher risk of childhood leukemia, particularly of ALL...
  56. Kagawa A, Sugimoto A, Maximov T. Seasonal course of translocation, storage and remobilization of 13C pulse-labeled photoassimilate in naturally growing Larix gmelinii saplings. New Phytol. 2006;171:793-803 pubmed
    ..43% of its carbon from the previous year's photoassimilate, indicating that carbon storage is a key mechanism behind autocorrelation in (isotope) dendroclimatology...
  57. Nagayama N, Ohmori M. Seasonality in various forms of tuberculosis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006;10:1117-22 pubmed
    ..Newly notified cases of tuberculosis (TB) for 5 years (1998 and 2000-2003) in Japan...
  58. Hozumi S, Kudo K, Zucchi R. Promotion of thermoregulatory insulation in nests of neotropical wasps by building extra-combs with empty cells. Neotrop Entomol. 2008;37:159-66 pubmed
    ..In addition, such a high temperature may influence the performance of adult wasps. ..
  59. Hirose K, Igarashi Y, Aoyama M, Inomata Y. Depositional behaviors of plutonium and thorium isotopes at Tsukuba and Mt. Haruna in Japan indicate the sources of atmospheric dust. J Environ Radioact. 2010;101:106-12 pubmed publisher
    ..The results revealed that a major proportion of total (239,240)Pu and Th deposits are derived from remote sources, especially in spring...
  60. Yamanaka T, Nelson W, Uchimura K, Bjørnstad O. Generation separation in simple structured life cycles: models and 48 years of field data on a tea tortrix moth. Am Nat. 2012;179:95-109 pubmed publisher
  61. Komura K, Kuwahara Y, Abe T, Tanaka K, Murata Y, Inoue M. Measurements of short-lived cosmic-ray-produced radionuclides in rainwater. J Environ Radioact. 2007;96:103-9 pubmed
    ..4mBqL(-1)]), 400 to 1900L(-1) for (39)Cl (n=6, mean; 1200 [250mBqL(-1)]), 1x10(6) to 4x10(7)L(-1) for (7)Be (n=16, mean; 7x10(6) [1.05BqL(-1)]) and 2x10(3) to 1x10(5)L(-1) for (22)Na (n=9, mean; 2x10(4) [0.2mBqL(-1)])...