Experts and Doctors on plant roots in Japan

Summary

Locale: Japan
Topic: plant roots

Top Publications

  1. Warashina T, Noro T. Cardenolide and oxypregnane glycosides from the root of Asclepias incarnata L. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2000;48:516-24 pubmed
    ..By detailed studies of the 1H- and 13C-NMR spectra, the structures were determined to be tri- to penta glycosides of isolineolon, 12-O-acetyllineolon, ikemagenin, 12-O-benzoylisolineolon, and two new 12-O-acylated pregnanes. ..
  2. Ma J, Hiradate S. Form of aluminium for uptake and translocation in buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench). Planta. 2000;211:355-60 pubmed
    ..Because Al is present as Al-oxalate (1:3) in the root, the present data show that ligand exchange from oxalate to citrate occurs before Al is released to xylem. ..
  3. Takane K, Tajima S, Kouchi H. Structural and expression analysis of uricase mRNA from Lotus japonicus. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2000;13:1156-60 pubmed
    ..LjUr is in the cluster of amide-transport legumes even though L. japonicus bears determinate nodules. ..
  4. Akiyama K, Hayashi H. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus-promoted accumulation of two new triterpenoids in cucumber roots. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2002;66:762-9 pubmed
    ..sp. cucumerinum. 2Beta-hydroxybryonolic acid was also isolated from the roots of melon and watermelon. ..
  5. Iwai H, Usui M, Hoshino H, Kamada H, Matsunaga T, Kakegawa K, et al. Analysis of sugars in squash xylem sap. Plant Cell Physiol. 2003;44:582-7 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that the AGP, RG-I, borate cross-linked RG-II dimer and oligosaccharides produced by root tissues are transported to above-ground organs via xylem sap. ..
  6. Itoh A, Kumashiro T, Yamaguchi M, Nagakura N, Mizushina Y, Nishi T, et al. Indole alkaloids and other constituents of Rauwolfia serpentina. J Nat Prod. 2005;68:848-52 pubmed
    ..The inhibitory activities of the selected alkaloids on topoisomerase I and II and their cytotoxicity against the human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cell lines were assessed. ..
  7. Miyashima S, Koi S, Hashimoto T, Nakajima K. Non-cell-autonomous microRNA165 acts in a dose-dependent manner to regulate multiple differentiation status in the Arabidopsis root. Development. 2011;138:2303-13 pubmed publisher
  8. Morita M, Nakamura M. Dynamic behavior of plastids related to environmental response. Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2012;15:722-8 pubmed publisher
  9. Koyanagi T, Nakagawa A, Sakurama H, Yamamoto K, Sakurai N, Takagi Y, et al. Eukaryotic-type aromatic amino acid decarboxylase from the root colonizer Pseudomonas putida is highly specific for 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-L-alanine, an allelochemical in the rhizosphere. Microbiology. 2012;158:2965-74 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest the possible involvement of this enzyme in detoxification of the allelochemical in the rhizosphere, and the potential occurrence of a horizontal gene transfer event between the pseudomonad and its host organism...

More Information

Publications128 found, 100 shown here

  1. Miyashima S, Honda M, Hashimoto K, Tatematsu K, Hashimoto T, Sato Nara K, et al. A comprehensive expression analysis of the Arabidopsis MICRORNA165/6 gene family during embryogenesis reveals a conserved role in meristem specification and a non-cell-autonomous function. Plant Cell Physiol. 2013;54:375-84 pubmed publisher
  2. Nishikawa K, Fukuda H, Abe M, Nakanishi K, Tazawa Y, Yamaguchi C, et al. Design and synthesis of conformationally constrained analogues of cis-cinnamic acid and evaluation of their plant growth inhibitory activity. Phytochemistry. 2013;96:223-34 pubmed publisher
    ..27 ?M, and were ten times higher than cis-CA, while the potency of the other compounds was reduced...
  3. Fukami H, Asakura T, Hirano H, Abe K, Shimomura K, Yamakawa T. Salicylic acid carboxyl methyltransferase induced in hairy root cultures of Atropa belladonna after treatment with exogeneously added salicylic acid. Plant Cell Physiol. 2002;43:1054-8 pubmed
    ..coli, and the recombinant AbSAMT1 showed SAMT activity. When A. belladonna hairy roots were exposed to a high concentration of SA, AbSAMT1 mRNA begins to be expressed 12 h after the exposure, and steady expression continued over 144 h...
  4. Hori R, Sugimoto G, Matsui M, Yamauchi Y, Takikawa H, Sugimoto Y. Conversion of dechlorodauricumine into miharumine by a cell-free preparation from cultured roots of Menispermum dauricum. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2009;73:440-2 pubmed
    ..The structures of 7 and 8 were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses and chemical conversion...
  5. Nishikawa K, Fukuda H, Abe M, Nakanishi K, Taniguchi T, Nomura T, et al. Substituent effects of cis-cinnamic acid analogues as plant growh inhibitors. Phytochemistry. 2013;96:132-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, several cis-CA analogues were found to be more potent root growth inhibitors than cis-CA...
  6. Moumeni A, Satoh K, Kondoh H, Asano T, Hosaka A, Venuprasad R, et al. Comparative analysis of root transcriptome profiles of two pairs of drought-tolerant and susceptible rice near-isogenic lines under different drought stress. BMC Plant Biol. 2011;11:174 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, different mechanisms are achieving tolerance in the two tolerant lines. ..
  7. Okabe S, Nakamura Y, Satoh H. Community structure and in situ activity of nitrifying bacteria in Phragmites root-associated biofilms. Microbes Environ. 2012;27:242-9 pubmed
    ..These results clearly indicated that Phragmites root biofilms played an important role in nitrification in the waterlogged anoxic sediment. ..
  8. Kwon Y, Lee D, Rakwal R, Baek S, Lee J, Kwak Y, et al. Proteomic analyses of the interaction between the plant-growth promoting rhizobacterium Paenibacillus polymyxa E681 and Arabidopsis thaliana. Proteomics. 2016;16:122-35 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together these results suggest that P. polymyxa E681 may promote plant growth by induced metabolism and activation of defense-related proteins against fungal pathogen. ..
  9. Akiyama K, Matsuoka H, Hayashi H. Isolation and identification of a phosphate deficiency-induced C-glycosylflavonoid that stimulates arbuscular mycorrhiza formation in melon roots. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2002;15:334-40 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that the phosphate deficiency-induced C-glycosylflavonoid is involved in the regulation of AM fungal colonization in melon roots. ..
  10. Hayashi H, Huang P, Takada S, Obinata M, Inoue K, Shibuya M, et al. Differential expression of three oxidosqualene cyclase mRNAs in Glycyrrhiza glabra. Biol Pharm Bull. 2004;27:1086-92 pubmed
    ..The mRNA levels of cycloartenol synthase, an additional OSC responsible for sterol biosynthesis, in the intact plant and cultured cells were relatively constant in these experiments. ..
  11. Yoshimura K, Masuda A, Kuwano M, Yokota A, Akashi K. Programmed proteome response for drought avoidance/tolerance in the root of a C(3) xerophyte (wild watermelon) under water deficits. Plant Cell Physiol. 2008;49:226-41 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides new insights into the complex molecular networks within plant roots involved in the adaptation to adverse environments. ..
  12. Wadhwa R, Konar A, Kaul S. Nootropic potential of Ashwagandha leaves: Beyond traditional root extracts. Neurochem Int. 2016;95:109-18 pubmed publisher
  13. Bughio N, Nakanishi H, Kiyomiya S, Matsuhashi S, Ishioka N, Watanabe S, et al. Real-time [11C]methionine translocation in barley in relation to mugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis. Planta. 2001;213:708-15 pubmed
    ..This and the absence of methionine movement from shoots to the roots suggest that the mugineic acid precursor methionine originates in the roots of plants...
  14. Xu X, Iwamoto Y, Kitamura Y, Oda T, Muramatsu T. Root growth-promoting activity of unsaturated oligomeric uronates from alginate on carrot and rice plants. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2003;67:2022-5 pubmed
    ..75 mg/ml. The dependence of activity on degree of polymerization of the uronates was tested and the pentamer was most active, but the mechanism of the action of unsaturated uronates on the cells remains to be solved. ..
  15. Nakajima K, Kawamura T, Hashimoto T. Role of the SPIRAL1 gene family in anisotropic growth of Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Physiol. 2006;47:513-22 pubmed
  16. Win N, Awale S, Esumi H, Tezuka Y, Kadota S. Panduratins D-I, novel secondary metabolites from rhizomes of Boesenbergia pandurata. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2008;56:491-6 pubmed
    ..The in vitro preferential cytotoxicity of all isolates was examined against human pancreatic PANC-1 cancer cells under nutrient-deprived conditions. All exhibited a mild activity. ..
  17. Warashina T, Noro T. Acylated-oxypregnane glycosides from the roots of Asclepias syriaca. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2009;57:177-84 pubmed
    ..Asclepiadaceae). These glycosides were confirmed to contain ikemagenin, 12-O-nicotinoyllineolon, 5alpha,6-dihydroikemagenin, and 12-O-tigloylisolineolon, as their aglycones, using both spectroscopic and chemical methods. ..
  18. Okuyama E, Hasegawa T, Matsushita T, Fujimoto H, Ishibashi M, Yamazaki M. Analgesic components of saposhnikovia root (Saposhnikovia divaricata). Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2001;49:154-60 pubmed
    ..In some pharmacological tests using sec-O-glucosylhamaudol, the compound showed analgesia by the tail pressure and the Randall & Selitto methods, and its writhing inhibition was not reversed by naloxone. ..
  19. Ishitani M, Nakamura T, Han S, Takabe T. Expression of the betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase gene in barley in response to osmotic stress and abscisic acid. Plant Mol Biol. 1995;27:307-15 pubmed
    ..Removal of plant roots before transferring the plants to high-salt conditions reduced only slightly the accumulation of BADH transcripts in the leaves...
  20. Hirano T, Oka K, Mimaki Y, Kuroda M, Sashida Y. Potent growth inhibitory activity of a novel Ornithogalum cholestane glycoside on human cells: induction of apoptosis in promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. Life Sci. 1996;58:789-98 pubmed
    ..2 nM. These results provided the first evidence ever for the potent growth inhibitory activity of Ornithogalum glycoside on human leukemia cell lines and PBMC. ..
  21. Zhao J, Nakamura N, Hattori M, Kuboyama T, Tohda C, Komatsu K. Withanolide derivatives from the roots of Withania somnifera and their neurite outgrowth activities. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2002;50:760-5 pubmed
  22. Koyama J, Morita I, Kawanishi K, Tagahara K, Kobayashi N. Capillary electrophoresis for simultaneous determination of emodin, chrysophanol, and their 8-beta-D-glucosides. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2003;51:418-20 pubmed
    ..The running electrolyte used in this method was 0.005 M alpha-cyclodextrin in 0.03 M borate buffer (pH 10.5) containing 10% acetonitrile, with an applied voltage of 20 kV. ..
  23. Gotoh A, Sakaeda T, Kimura T, Shirakawa T, Wada Y, Wada A, et al. Antiproliferative activity of Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz extracts and the active moiety, Rhinacanthin C. Biol Pharm Bull. 2004;27:1070-4 pubmed
    ..nasutus was due to constituents other than rhinacanthin C, and 4) both of the R. nasutus extracts showed in vivo antiproliferative activity after oral administration once daily for 14 d. ..
  24. Takahashi F, Yoshida R, Ichimura K, Mizoguchi T, Seo S, Yonezawa M, et al. The mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade MKK3-MPK6 is an important part of the jasmonate signal transduction pathway in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2007;19:805-18 pubmed
    ..We provide a model explaining how MPK6 can convert three distinct signals - JA, pathogen, and cold/salt stress - into three different sets of responses in Arabidopsis. ..
  25. Seo S, Gomi K, Kaku H, Abe H, Seto H, Nakatsu S, et al. Identification of natural diterpenes that inhibit bacterial wilt disease in tobacco, tomato and Arabidopsis. Plant Cell Physiol. 2012;53:1432-44 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that multiple host factors are involved in the inhibition of bacterial wilt disease by sclareol-related compounds...
  26. Tsukagoshi H. Control of root growth and development by reactive oxygen species. Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2016;29:57-63 pubmed publisher
    ..In this review, the molecular mechanisms of ROS that are mainly associated with plant root growth are discussed. The molecular links between root growth regulation by ROS and other signals will also be briefly discussed. ..
  27. Tanaka N, Shimomura K, Ishimaru K. Ellagic acid formation from galloylglucoses by a crude enzyme of Cornus capitata adventitious roots. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2001;65:1869-71 pubmed
  28. Oda A, Sakuta C, Masuda S, Mizoguchi T, Kamada H, Satoh S. Possible involvement of leaf gibberellins in the clock-controlled expression of XSP30, a gene encoding a xylem sap lectin, in cucumber roots. Plant Physiol. 2003;133:1779-90 pubmed
    ..This is the first demonstration of the regulation of the expression of a clock-controlled gene by GA. ..
  29. Jiang Z, Tanaka T, Iwata H, Sakamoto S, Hirose Y, Kouno I. Ellagitannins and lignan glycosides from Balanophora japonica (Balanophoraceae). Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2005;53:339-41 pubmed
    ..Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral and chemical evidence. Chemotaxonomic significance of the known lignan glycosides in Balanophora japonica was discussed...
  30. Ishida T, Hashimoto T. An Arabidopsis thaliana tubulin mutant with conditional root-skewing phenotype. J Plant Res. 2007;120:635-40 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that compromised microtubules in wild-type and mutant roots are qualitatively distinct and affect skewing direction differently. ..
  31. Shoji T, Ogawa T, Hashimoto T. Jasmonate-induced nicotine formation in tobacco is mediated by tobacco COI1 and JAZ genes. Plant Cell Physiol. 2008;49:1003-12 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that jasmonate-triggered, COI1-mediated degradation of JAZ repressors activates transcriptional regulation of nicotine biosynthesis genes in tobacco roots. ..
  32. Le D, Nishiyama R, Watanabe Y, Mochida K, Yamaguchi Shinozaki K, Shinozaki K, et al. Genome-wide survey and expression analysis of the plant-specific NAC transcription factor family in soybean during development and dehydration stress. DNA Res. 2011;18:263-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Our systematic analysis has identified excellent tissue-specific and/or dehydration-responsive candidate GmNAC genes for in-depth characterization and future development of improved drought-tolerant transgenic soybeans. ..
  33. Nakamura M, Toyota M, Tasaka M, Morita M. An Arabidopsis E3 ligase, SHOOT GRAVITROPISM9, modulates the interaction between statoliths and F-actin in gravity sensing. Plant Cell. 2011;23:1830-48 pubmed publisher
    ..SGR9 may promote detachment of amyloplasts from AFs, allowing the amyloplasts to sediment in the AFs-dependent equilibrium of amyloplast dynamics. ..
  34. Yokotani N, Ichikawa T, Kondou Y, Iwabuchi M, Matsui M, Hirochika H, et al. Role of the rice transcription factor JAmyb in abiotic stress response. J Plant Res. 2013;126:131-9 pubmed publisher
    ..JAmyb has been reported to be associated with disease response. Our observations suggest that JAmyb plays a role in JA-mediated abiotic stress response in addition to biotic stress response in rice. ..
  35. Baral B, Teixeira da Silva J, Izaguirre Mayoral M. Early signaling, synthesis, transport and metabolism of ureides. J Plant Physiol. 2016;193:97-109 pubmed publisher
    ..The establishment of the symbiosis, nodule organogenesis and the plant's control of nodule number, synthesis and translocation of ureides via feed-back inhibition mechanisms are also reviewed. ..
  36. Fujita M, Kusajima M, Okumura Y, Nakajima M, Minamisawa K, Nakashita H. Effects of colonization of a bacterial endophyte, Azospirillum sp. B510, on disease resistance in tomato. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2017;81:1657-1662 pubmed publisher
    ..These indicate that endophytic colonization with Azospirillum sp. B510 is able to activate the innate immune system also in tomato, which does not seem to be systemic acquired resistance. ..
  37. Kobayashi W, Miyase T, Sano M, Umehara K, Warashina T, Noguchi H. Prolyl endopeptidase inhibitors from the roots of Lindera strychnifolia F. Vill. Biol Pharm Bull. 2002;25:1049-52 pubmed
    ..This is the first example of non-phenolic constituents showing significant competitive inhibitory activity being isolated from natural medicines...
  38. Zhang C, Nakamura N, Tewtrakul S, Hattori M, Sun Q, Wang Z, et al. Sesquiterpenes and alkaloids from Lindera chunii and their inhibitory activities against HIV-1 integrase. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2002;50:1195-200 pubmed
    ..3, 7.7, 18.2 and 21.1 microM, respectively. The major alkaloids presented in the roots of L. chunii were quantitatively analyzed by an HPLC method...
  39. Omokawa H, Tabei A. Enantioselective effects of optically active alpha-methylbenzyl-s-triazine on the root growth of rice and Echinochloa plants and their herbicidal activity. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2002;66:1959-62 pubmed
    ..The RS-EtNH derivative is an interesting inhibitor controlling the growth of barnyardgrass from the just-germinated stage (by the (R)-enantiomer) to early-middle growth stage (by the (S)-enantiomer)...
  40. Kuroha T, Sakurai M, Satoh S. Squash xylem sap has activities that inhibit proliferation and promote the elongation of tobacco BY-2 cell protoplasts. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2005;43:465-71 pubmed
  41. Kubota Y, Miyao A, Hirochika H, Tozawa Y, Yasuda H, Tsunoyama Y, et al. Two novel nuclear genes, OsSIG5 and OsSIG6, encoding potential plastid sigma factors of RNA polymerase in rice: tissue-specific and light-responsive gene expression. Plant Cell Physiol. 2007;48:186-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Specific transcripts of rice psbA were synthesized in vitro by reconstituted OsSig5-RNAP holoenzymes. These results indicated that OsSig5 is a plastid sigma factor. This is the first report of the Sig5-type sigma factor in crops...
  42. Akiyama K, Ogasawara S, Ito S, Hayashi H. Structural requirements of strigolactones for hyphal branching in AM fungi. Plant Cell Physiol. 2010;51:1104-17 pubmed publisher
    ..These structural requirements in AM fungi are very similar but not identical to those observed in root parasitic weeds, especially with respect to the enol ether bridge in the C-D part. ..
  43. Araki R, Murata J, Murata Y. A novel barley yellow stripe 1-like transporter (HvYSL2) localized to the root endodermis transports metal-phytosiderophore complexes. Plant Cell Physiol. 2011;52:1931-40 pubmed publisher
    ..These data suggest that HvYSL2 is spatially distinct from HvYS1 and plays a unique role in delivering a broad range of essential metals in barley. ..
  44. Fan W, Tezuka Y, Ni K, Kadota S. Prolyl endopeptidase inhibitors from the underground part of Rhodiola sachalinensis. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2001;49:396-401 pubmed
    ..Among them, six compounds (13, 14, 18, 19, 21, 22) showed noncompetitive inhibition against Flavobacterium PEP, with an IC50 of 0.025, 0.17, 22, 41, 0.44 and 84 microM, respectively. ..
  45. Mori M, Nomura T, Ooka H, Ishizaka M, Yokota T, Sugimoto K, et al. Isolation and characterization of a rice dwarf mutant with a defect in brassinosteroid biosynthesis. Plant Physiol. 2002;130:1152-61 pubmed
  46. Morikawa T, Tao J, Ando S, Matsuda H, Yoshikawa M. Absolute stereostructures of new arborinane-type triterpenoids and inhibitors of nitric oxide production from Rubia yunnanensis. J Nat Prod. 2003;66:638-45 pubmed
    ..The effects of the isolated constituents on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages were examined, and several triterpenes were found to show inhibitory activity. ..
  47. Yoneyama K, Yoneyama K, Takeuchi Y, Sekimoto H. Phosphorus deficiency in red clover promotes exudation of orobanchol, the signal for mycorrhizal symbionts and germination stimulant for root parasites. Planta. 2007;225:1031-8 pubmed
    ..This is the first report demonstrating that nutrient availability influences both symbiotic and parasitic interactions in the rhizosphere. ..
  48. Kuramata M, Fujioka S, Shimada A, Kawano T, Kimura Y. Citrinolactones A, B and C, and Sclerotinin C, plant growth regulators from Penicillium citrinum. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2007;71:499-503 pubmed
    ..In contrast, 2 completely inhibited root growth at a concentration of 300 mg/l and 3 did not show any effect on root growth in a concentration range of 3-300 mg/l. ..
  49. Nakagawa H, Tanaka A, Tanabata T, Ohtake M, Fujioka S, Nakamura H, et al. Short grain1 decreases organ elongation and brassinosteroid response in rice. Plant Physiol. 2012;158:1208-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that SG1 decreases responses to BRs and elongation of organs such as seeds and the internodes of rachis branches through decreased cellular proliferation...
  50. Kobayashi T, Nagasaka S, Senoura T, Itai R, Nakanishi H, Nishizawa N. Iron-binding haemerythrin RING ubiquitin ligases regulate plant iron responses and accumulation. Nat Commun. 2013;4:2792 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that OsHRZ1 and OsHRZ2 are iron-binding sensors that negatively regulate iron acquisition under conditions of iron sufficiency...
  51. Konishi T, Shimada Y, Nagao T, Okabe H, Konoshima T. Antiproliferative sesquiterpene lactones from the roots of Inula helenium. Biol Pharm Bull. 2002;25:1370-2 pubmed
    ..In vitro antiproliferative activities of the isolates against MK-1, HeLa and B16F10 cells are reported. ..
  52. Takigawa A, Setoguchi H, Okawa M, Kinjo J, Miyashita H, Yokomizo K, et al. Identification and characterization of component organic and glycosidic acids of crude resin glycoside fraction from Calystegia soldanella. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2011;59:1163-8 pubmed
    ..The structures of the new glycosidic acids were characterized on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical evidence...
  53. Toju H, Yamamoto S, Tanabe A, Hayakawa T, Ishii H. Network modules and hubs in plant-root fungal biomes. J R Soc Interface. 2016;13: pubmed publisher
    ..This study also shows an analytical framework for pinpointing network hubs in symbiont-symbiont networks, leading to the working hypothesis that a small number of microbial species organize the overall root-microbiome dynamics. ..
  54. Iuchi S, Koyama H, Iuchi A, Kobayashi Y, Kitabayashi S, Kobayashi Y, et al. Zinc finger protein STOP1 is critical for proton tolerance in Arabidopsis and coregulates a key gene in aluminum tolerance. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:9900-5 pubmed
    ..There was no induction of AtALMT1 by Al(3+) treatment in the stop1 mutant. These results indicate that STOP1 plays a critical role in Arabidopsis tolerance to major stress factors in acid soils. ..
  55. Ohno M, Uraji M, Shimoishi Y, Mori I, Nakamura Y, Murata Y. Mechanisms of the selenium tolerance of the Arabidopsis thaliana knockout mutant of sulfate transporter SULTR1;2. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2012;76:993-8 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that the sultr1;2 mutation confers Se tolerance on Arabidopsis by decreasing symplastic Se and maintaining antioxidant enzyme activities. ..
  56. Abe F, Nagafuji S, Yamauchi T, Okabe H, Maki J, Higo H, et al. Trypanocidal constituents in plants 1. Evaluation of some Mexican plants for their trypanocidal activity and active constituents in Guaco, roots of Aristolochia taliscana. Biol Pharm Bull. 2002;25:1188-91 pubmed
    ..Corresponding concentration of gossypol, berberine chloride and harmine was 280 microg/ml, 300 microg/ml and >500 microg/ml, respectively. ..
  57. Tominaga Wada R, Kurata T, Wada T. Localization of the CAPRICE-ENHANCER OF TRY AND CPC1 chimera protein in Arabidopsis root epidermis. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2017;81:1762-1767 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that the addition of the S1 sequence was not sufficient for ETC1 to acquire cell-to-cell movement ability. ..
  58. Hara M, Fujii Y, Sasada Y, Kuboi T. CDNA cloning of radish (Raphanus sativus) myrosinase and tissue-specific expression in root. Plant Cell Physiol. 2000;41:1102-9 pubmed
  59. Ota M, Nagai H, Koarashi J. Importance of root HTO uptake in controlling land-surface tritium dynamics after an-acute HT deposition: a numerical experiment. J Environ Radioact. 2012;109:94-102 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently, leaf OBT assimilation calculated for shallow rooting depths increased by nearly an order of magnitude compared to that for large rooting depths...
  60. Abiko T, Kotula L, Shiono K, Malik A, Colmer T, Nakazono M. Enhanced formation of aerenchyma and induction of a barrier to radial oxygen loss in adventitious roots of Zea nicaraguensis contribute to its waterlogging tolerance as compared with maize (Zea mays ssp. mays). Plant Cell Environ. 2012;35:1618-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The relationships between the ROL barrier formation and suberin and lignin depositions in roots are discussed. The ROL barrier, in addition to aerenchyma, would contribute to the waterlogging tolerance of Z.?nicaraguensis. ..
  61. Tsuge T, Tsukaya H, Uchimiya H. Two independent and polarized processes of cell elongation regulate leaf blade expansion in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. Development. 1996;122:1589-600 pubmed
  62. Furutani I, Watanabe Y, Prieto R, Masukawa M, Suzuki K, Naoi K, et al. The SPIRAL genes are required for directional control of cell elongation in Aarabidopsis thaliana. Development. 2000;127:4443-53 pubmed
    ..Our model may have implicit bearing on the circumnutation mechanism...
  63. Shikishima Y, Takaishi Y, Honda G, Ito M, Takeda Y, Kodzhimatov O, et al. Phenylbutanoids and stilbene derivatives of Rheum maximowiczii. Phytochemistry. 2001;56:377-81 pubmed
    ..The methanol extract of the dried roots of Rheum maximowiczii afforded four phenylbutanoid and two stilbene derivatives. Their structures were established on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic studies...
  64. Nagasawa H, Watanabe K, Inatomi H. Effects of bitter melon (Momordica charantia l.) or ginger rhizome (Zingiber offifinale rosc) on spontaneous mammary tumorigenesis in SHN mice. Am J Chin Med. 2002;30:195-205 pubmed
    ..Thus, these natural products, popular in Japan as foodstuffs, also appear to have a health benefit...
  65. Fuentes J, Abe M, Uchiumi T, Suzuki A, Higashi S. Symbiotic root nodule bacteria isolated from yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus). J Gen Appl Microbiol. 2002;48:181-91 pubmed
    ..Symbiosome in nodule cells for the strain YB4 contained one bacteroid cell in a peribacteroid membrane, whereas a symbiosome for strain YB2 contained several bacteroid cells...
  66. Hiradate S, Morita S, Sugie H, Fujii Y, Harada J. Phytotoxic cis-cinnamoyl glucosides from Spiraea thunbergii. Phytochemistry. 2004;65:731-9 pubmed
    ..The former three compounds were cinnamoyl glucosides...
  67. Yoshimatsu K, Sudo H, Kamada H, Kiuchi F, Kikuchi Y, Sawada J, et al. Tropane alkaloid production and shoot regeneration in hairy and adventitious root cultures of Duboisia myoporoides-D. leichhardtii hybrid. Biol Pharm Bull. 2004;27:1261-5 pubmed
    ..5 to 5 mg/l), and 100% regeneration was observed in medium with 0.1 mg/l IAA and 2 mg/l BA. On the other hand, shoot regeneration was only observed in 33% of hairy roots cultured on medium containing 5 mg/l BA...
  68. Imaizumi Anraku H, Takeda N, Charpentier M, Perry J, Miwa H, Umehara Y, et al. Plastid proteins crucial for symbiotic fungal and bacterial entry into plant roots. Nature. 2005;433:527-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Surprisingly, both twin proteins are localized in the plastids of root cells, indicating a previously unrecognized role of this ancient endosymbiont in controlling intracellular symbioses that evolved more recently...
  69. Matsukawa K, Ogata M, Hikage T, Minami H, Shimotai Y, Saitoh Y, et al. Antiproliferative activity of root extract from gentian plant (Gentiana triflora) on cultured and implanted tumor cells. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2006;70:1046-8 pubmed
    ..But, the extract-treated cells did not show DNA fragmentation, which exhibits a nucleosome ladder, suggesting that extract-triggered cell death is not mediated through a typical apoptotic pathway...
  70. Kagawa A, Sugimoto A, Maximov T. Seasonal course of translocation, storage and remobilization of 13C pulse-labeled photoassimilate in naturally growing Larix gmelinii saplings. New Phytol. 2006;171:793-803 pubmed
    ..43% of its carbon from the previous year's photoassimilate, indicating that carbon storage is a key mechanism behind autocorrelation in (isotope) dendroclimatology...
  71. Wen Y, Islam M, Tahara S. Phenolic constituents of Celosia cristata L. susceptible to spinach root rot pathogen Aphanomyces cochlioides. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2006;70:2567-70 pubmed
    ..The content of 1 in Celosia seedlings was quantified as 1.4 microg/g fresh weight. A new isoflavone, cristatein (5-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl-7,2'-dimethoxyisoflavone, 2), and five known flavonoids were also identified...
  72. Tamura T, Asakura T, Uemura T, Ueda T, Terauchi K, Misaka T, et al. Signal peptide peptidase and its homologs in Arabidopsis thaliana--plant tissue-specific expression and distinct subcellular localization. FEBS J. 2008;275:34-43 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that AtSPP mediates the cleavage of signal peptide in the ER membrane as well as HsSPP does, and also that AtSPPL1 and AtSPPL2 located in the endosomes have distinct roles in cells. ..
  73. Kuroha T, Okuda A, Arai M, Komatsu Y, Sato S, Kato T, et al. Identification of Arabidopsis subtilisin-like serine protease specifically expressed in root stele by gene trapping. Physiol Plant. 2009;137:281-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that AtSBT4.12 may be a protein localized in the apoplast of root stele including xylem vessel and involved in stress responses in Arabidopsis roots. ..
  74. Kato Noguchi H. The chemical cross talk between rice and barnyardgrass. Plant Signal Behav. 2011;6:1207-9 pubmed publisher
  75. Daikonya A, Kitanaka S. Polyphenols from Sophora yunnanensis, and their inhibitory effects on nitric oxide production. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2011;59:1567-9 pubmed
    ..4±2.5 and 12.9±1.8 µM, respectively. This article is the first report on phytochemical study of S. yunnanensis...
  76. Tominaga Wada R, Nukumizu Y, Sato S, Kato T, Tabata S, Wada T. Functional divergence of MYB-related genes, WEREWOLF and AtMYB23 in Arabidopsis. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2012;76:883-7 pubmed
    ..Although WER did not rescue the gl1-1 no-trichome phenotype, MYB23 and all MW chimeric transgenes rescued gl1-1. These results suggest that MYB23 acquired a specific function for trichome differentiation during evolution. ..
  77. Takehisa H, Sato Y, Antonio B, Nagamura Y. Global transcriptome profile of rice root in response to essential macronutrient deficiency. Plant Signal Behav. 2013;8:e24409 pubmed publisher
    ..These results will facilitate deeper understanding of nutrient utilization of plants. ..
  78. Imamura T, Higuchi A, Takahashi H. Dehydrins are highly expressed in overwintering buds and enhance drought and freezing tolerance in Gentiana triflora. Plant Sci. 2013;213:55-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Accumulation of GtDHNs may be part of the strategy for winter survival of gentian OWBs. ..
  79. Hasan M, Hasan M, Teixeira da Silva J, Li X. Regulation of phosphorus uptake and utilization: transitioning from current knowledge to practical strategies. Cell Mol Biol Lett. 2016;21:7 pubmed publisher
    ..More effort is required to further dissect the mechanisms controlling phosphorus uptake and utilization within plants and provide new insight into the means to efficiently improve PUE. ..
  80. Berberich T, Sugawara K, Harada M, Kusano T. Molecular cloning, characterization and expression of an elongation factor 1 alpha gene in maize. Plant Mol Biol. 1995;29:611-5 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that the expression of EF-1 alpha is differently regulated in leaves and roots under cold stress. ..
  81. Fujita H, Syono K. Genetic analysis of the effects of polar auxin transport inhibitors on root growth in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Physiol. 1996;37:1094-101 pubmed
    ..thaliana, and (4) in contrast to NPA, TIBA itself has a weak auxin-like inhibitory effect. ..
  82. Urao T, Yakubov B, Satoh R, Yamaguchi Shinozaki K, Seki M, Hirayama T, et al. A transmembrane hybrid-type histidine kinase in Arabidopsis functions as an osmosensor. Plant Cell. 1999;11:1743-54 pubmed
    ..These results imply that ATHK1 functions as an osmosensor and transmits the stress signal to a downstream MAPK cascade. ..
  83. Jiang Z, Tanaka T, Sakamoto T, Kouno I, Duan J, Zhou R. Biflavanones, diterpenes, and coumarins from the roots of Stellera chamaejasme L. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2002;50:137-9 pubmed
    ..chamaejasme L. supplied strong chemical verification of the close taxonomic relationships among the genera Stellera, Daphne, and Wikstroemia, all of which belong to the family Thymelaeaceae...
  84. Nishimura R, Ohmori M, Fujita H, Kawaguchi M. A Lotus basic leucine zipper protein with a RING-finger motif negatively regulates the developmental program of nodulation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:15206-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Legume-characteristic combination of motifs of ASTRAY may play specific roles in the regulation of nodule development...
  85. Ikeya Y, Takeda S, Tunakawa M, Karakida H, Toda K, Yamaguchi T, et al. Cognitive improving and cerebral protective effects of acylated oligosaccharides in Polygala tenuifolia. Biol Pharm Bull. 2004;27:1081-5 pubmed
    ..These findings show that compound 1 has cognitive improving and cerebral protective effects...
  86. Kim S, Hamada T. Rapid and reliable method of extracting DNA and RNA from sweetpotato, Ipomoea batatas (L). Lam. Biotechnol Lett. 2005;27:1841-5 pubmed
    ..2 mg/g fresh wt. CIPK and tublin genes were successfully amplified by RT-PCR, suggesting the integrity of isolated RNA. The total DNA and RNA isolated by this method was of sufficient quality for subsequent molecular analysis...
  87. Kobayashi Y, Hoekenga O, Itoh H, Nakashima M, Saito S, Shaff J, et al. Characterization of AtALMT1 expression in aluminum-inducible malate release and its role for rhizotoxic stress tolerance in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2007;145:843-52 pubmed
    ..Lastly, a natural nonsense mutation allele of AtALMT1 was identified from the Al-hypersensitive natural accession Warschau-1. ..
  88. Wang L, Bai L, Nagasawa T, Hasegawa T, Yang X, Sakai J, et al. Bioactive triterpene saponins from the roots of Phytolacca americana. J Nat Prod. 2008;71:35-40 pubmed publisher
    ..The most effective compound was 8 (155% of control at 25 microg/mL)...
  89. Ishikawa S, Suzui N, Ito Tanabata S, Ishii S, Igura M, Abe T, et al. Real-time imaging and analysis of differences in cadmium dynamics in rice cultivars (Oryza sativa) using positron-emitting 107Cd tracer. BMC Plant Biol. 2011;11:172 pubmed publisher
    ..In particular, a new method for direct and real-time visualization of the Cd uptake by the roots in the culture was first realized in this work...
  90. Virgona N, Yokotani K, Yamazaki Y, Shimura F, Chiba T, Taki Y, et al. Coleus forskohlii extract induces hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes in mice. Food Chem Toxicol. 2012;50:750-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicated the induction potential of CFE on CYPs, and that this effect was predominantly due to other, as yet unidentified constituents, and not forskolin contained in CFE...
  91. Nuruzzaman M, Sharoni A, Satoh K, Moumeni A, Venuprasad R, Serraj R, et al. Comprehensive gene expression analysis of the NAC gene family under normal growth conditions, hormone treatment, and drought stress conditions in rice using near-isogenic lines (NILs) generated from crossing Aday Selection (drought tolerant) and IR64. Mol Genet Genomics. 2012;287:389-410 pubmed publisher
    ..These results provide a useful reference for the cloning of candidate genes from the specific subgroup for further functional analysis. ..
  92. Kato Noguchi H, Hamada N, Morita M, Suenaga K. A novel allelopathic substance, 13-epi-orthosiphol N, in Orthosiphon stamineus. J Plant Physiol. 2013;170:1-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that 13-epi-orthosiphol N may be an allelochemical and main contributor to the growth inhibitory effect of O. stamineus and may have potential as a template for the development of new plant control substances...