Experts and Doctors on ethylenes in United States


Locale: United States
Topic: ethylenes

Top Publications

  1. Wang W, Esch J, Shiu S, Agula H, Binder B, Chang C, et al. Identification of important regions for ethylene binding and signaling in the transmembrane domain of the ETR1 ethylene receptor of Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2006;18:3429-42 pubmed
    ..These findings yield insight into the structure and function of the EBD and suggest a conserved role of the EBD as a negative regulator of the signal transmitter domain. ..
  2. Qu X, Hall B, Gao Z, Schaller G. A strong constitutive ethylene-response phenotype conferred on Arabidopsis plants containing null mutations in the ethylene receptors ETR1 and ERS1. BMC Plant Biol. 2007;7:3 pubmed
    ..The role of subfamily 1 members is greater than previously suspected and analysis of the double mutant null for both ETR1 and ERS1 uncovers novel roles for the receptors not previously characterized. ..
  3. Chanda B, Venugopal S, Kulshrestha S, Navarre D, Downie B, Vaillancourt L, et al. Glycerol-3-phosphate levels are associated with basal resistance to the hemibiotrophic fungus Colletotrichum higginsianum in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2008;147:2017-29 pubmed publisher
    ..These data suggest that G3P-associated resistance to C. higginsianum occurs independently or downstream of the camalexin pathway. Together, these results suggest a novel and specific link between G3P metabolism and plant defense. ..
  4. In B, Binder B, Falbel T, Patterson S. Analysis of gene expression during the transition to climacteric phase in carnation flowers (Dianthus caryophyllus L.). J Exp Bot. 2013;64:4923-37 pubmed publisher
    ..This leads to the recovery from inrolling of the petals, indicating that DcACS1 may act as a signalling molecule in senescence of flowers. ..
  5. Suttipanta N, Pattanaik S, Kulshrestha M, Patra B, Singh S, Yuan L. The transcription factor CrWRKY1 positively regulates the terpenoid indole alkaloid biosynthesis in Catharanthus roseus. Plant Physiol. 2011;157:2081-93 pubmed publisher
    ..The preferential expression of CrWRKY1 in roots and its interaction with transcription factors including ORCA3, CrMYC2, and ZCTs may play a key role in determining the root-specific accumulation of serpentine in C. roseus plants. ..
  6. Ramirez Carvajal G, Morse A, Dervinis C, Davis J. The cytokinin type-B response regulator PtRR13 is a negative regulator of adventitious root development in Populus. Plant Physiol. 2009;150:759-71 pubmed publisher
  7. Garrido Baserba M, Asvapathanagul P, McCarthy G, Gocke T, Olson B, Park H, et al. Linking biofilm growth to fouling and aeration performance of fine-pore diffuser in activated sludge. Water Res. 2016;90:317-328 pubmed publisher
    ..0 ± 2.0%). By linking bacterial growth with aeration efficiency, the research was able to show quantitatively the causal connection between bacterial fouling and energy wastage during aeration. ..
  8. Frye C, Tang D, Innes R. Negative regulation of defense responses in plants by a conserved MAPKK kinase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001;98:373-8 pubmed
    ..Putative orthologs of EDR1 are present in monocots such as rice and barley, indicating that EDR1 may regulate defense responses in a wide range of crop species. ..
  9. Kaur G, Mahajan M, Pandey M, Singh P, Ramisetti S, Sharma A. Design, synthesis, and anti-breast cancer evaluation of new triarylethylene analogs bearing short alkyl- and polar amino-/amido-ethyl chains. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2016;26:1963-9 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Díaz De La Garza R, Gregory J, Hanson A. Folate biofortification of tomato fruit. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:4218-22 pubmed
    ..The folate levels we achieved provide the complete adult daily requirement in less than one standard serving. ..
  2. Chen Q, Bleecker A. Analysis of ethylene signal-transduction kinetics associated with seedling-growth response and chitinase induction in wild-type and mutant arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 1995;108:597-607 pubmed
    ..The relationship between the model and the biochemical mechanisms of well-characterized signal-transduction systems in animals is discussed. ..
  3. Huffaker A, Kaplan F, Vaughan M, Dafoe N, Ni X, Rocca J, et al. Novel acidic sesquiterpenoids constitute a dominant class of pathogen-induced phytoalexins in maize. Plant Physiol. 2011;156:2082-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Together these results indicate an important cooperative role of terpenoid phytoalexins in maize biochemical defense. ..
  4. Hong S, Wenzel A, Salguero T, Day M, Grubbs R. Decomposition of ruthenium olefin metathesis catalysts. J Am Chem Soc. 2007;129:7961-8 pubmed
    ..The novel ruthenium complex (H2IMes)(pyridine)3(Cl)2Ru, which was generated during the synthetic attempts to prepare the highly unstable pyridine-based methylidene complex (H2IMes)(pyridine)2(Cl)2Ru=CH2, is also reported. ..
  5. Lincoln J, Campbell A, Oetiker J, Rottmann W, Oeller P, Shen N, et al. LE-ACS4, a fruit ripening and wound-induced 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase gene of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). Expression in Escherichia coli, structural characterization, expression characteristics, and phylogenetic analysis. J Biol Chem. 1993;268:19422-30 pubmed
    ..The divergence of this sublineage is a relatively recent event in the evolution of ACC synthase protein. ..
  6. Ghaffari M, Ghabooli M, Khatabi B, Hajirezaei M, Schweizer P, Salekdeh G. Metabolic and transcriptional response of central metabolism affected by root endophytic fungus Piriformospora indica under salinity in barley. Plant Mol Biol. 2016;90:699-717 pubmed publisher
  7. Yu S, Dolan M, Semprini L. Kinetics and inhibition of reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethylenes by two different mixed cultures. Environ Sci Technol. 2005;39:195-205 pubmed
    ..Thus, obtaining accurate K(S) values is important for modeling both transformation rates of parent compounds and their inhibition on daughter product transformation. ..
  8. Schaller G. Ethylene and the regulation of plant development. BMC Biol. 2012;10:9 pubmed publisher
  9. Gagne J, Smalle J, Gingerich D, Walker J, Yoo S, Yanagisawa S, et al. Arabidopsis EIN3-binding F-box 1 and 2 form ubiquitin-protein ligases that repress ethylene action and promote growth by directing EIN3 degradation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004;101:6803-8 pubmed
    ..Collectively, our results show that the SCF(EBF1/EBF2)-dependent ubiquitination and subsequent removal of EIN3 is critical not only for proper ethylene signaling but also for growth in plants. ..
  10. He P, Chintamanani S, Chen Z, Zhu L, Kunkel B, Alfano J, et al. Activation of a COI1-dependent pathway in Arabidopsis by Pseudomonas syringae type III effectors and coronatine. Plant J. 2004;37:589-602 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that P. syringae type III effectors and coronatine act by augmenting a COI1-dependent pathway to promote parasitism...
  11. Mukherjee A, Ané J. Germinating spore exudates from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: molecular and developmental responses in plants and their regulation by ethylene. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2011;24:260-70 pubmed publisher
  12. Grantz D, Vu H. Root and shoot gas exchange respond additively to moderate ozone and methyl jasmonate without induction of ethylene: ethylene is induced at higher O3 concentrations. J Exp Bot. 2012;63:4303-13 pubmed publisher
  13. Schaller G, Ladd A, Lanahan M, Spanbauer J, Bleecker A. The ethylene response mediator ETR1 from Arabidopsis forms a disulfide-linked dimer. J Biol Chem. 1995;270:12526-30 pubmed
    ..These data indicate that ETR1 may use a dimeric mechanism of signal transduction in a manner similar to its bacterial counterparts but with the additional feature of a disulfide bond between monomers. ..
  14. Colquhoun T, Verdonk J, Schimmel B, Tieman D, Underwood B, Clark D. Petunia floral volatile benzenoid/phenylpropanoid genes are regulated in a similar manner. Phytochemistry. 2010;71:158-67 pubmed publisher
    ..One such feature is the highly regulated transcript accumulation of the FVBP genes. Additionally, ethylene may have a regulatory role in the FVBP system prior to a floral senescence program...
  15. Klee H, Giovannoni J. Genetics and control of tomato fruit ripening and quality attributes. Annu Rev Genet. 2011;45:41-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we describe how ethylene and the transcription factors associated with the ripening process fit together into a network controlling ripening. ..
  16. Zhang X, Wang C, Zhang Y, Sun Y, Mou Z. The Arabidopsis mediator complex subunit16 positively regulates salicylate-mediated systemic acquired resistance and jasmonate/ethylene-induced defense pathways. Plant Cell. 2012;24:4294-309 pubmed publisher
  17. Barnett B, Evans A, Roberts C, Fritsch J. Batch reactor kinetic studies on the reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethylenes by tetrakis-(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin cobalt. Chemosphere. 2011;82:592-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The dechlorination activity of this catalyst was compared to that of another water-soluble cobalt porphyrin under the same reaction conditions and found to be comparable for PCE and TCE. ..
  18. Kim J, Dotson B, Rey C, Lindsey J, Bleecker A, Binder B, et al. New clothes for the jasmonic acid receptor COI1: delayed abscission, meristem arrest and apical dominance. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e60505 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study opens the door revealing new roles for JA and its interaction with other hormones during plant development. ..
  19. Miyazaki H, Herbert M, Liu P, Dong X, Xu X, Keitz B, et al. Z-Selective ethenolysis with a ruthenium metathesis catalyst: experiment and theory. J Am Chem Soc. 2013;135:5848-58 pubmed publisher
  20. Hua J, Chang C, Sun Q, Meyerowitz E. Ethylene insensitivity conferred by Arabidopsis ERS gene. Science. 1995;269:1712-4 pubmed
    ..The altered ERS gene conferred dominant ethylene insensitivity to wild-type Arabidopsis. Double-mutant analysis indicates that ERS acts upstream of the CTR1 protein kinase gene in the ethylene-response pathway. ..
  21. Hall A, Bleecker A. Analysis of combinatorial loss-of-function mutants in the Arabidopsis ethylene receptors reveals that the ers1 etr1 double mutant has severe developmental defects that are EIN2 dependent. Plant Cell. 2003;15:2032-41 pubmed
    ..Introduction of an ein2 loss-of-function mutation into the ers1 etr1 double mutant line resulted in plants that phenocopy ein2 single mutants, indicating that all phenotypes observed in the ers1 etr1 double mutant are EIN2 dependent. ..
  22. Dafoe N, Huffaker A, Vaughan M, Duehl A, Teal P, Schmelz E. Rapidly induced chemical defenses in maize stems and their effects on short-term growth of Ostrinia nubilalis. J Chem Ecol. 2011;37:984-91 pubmed publisher
    ..These rapid defense responses in maize stems do not appear to negatively impact ECB growth, thus suggesting that ECB have adapted to these induced biochemical changes...
  23. Clark G, Torres J, Finlayson S, Guan X, Handley C, Lee J, et al. Apyrase (nucleoside triphosphate-diphosphohydrolase) and extracellular nucleotides regulate cotton fiber elongation in cultured ovules. Plant Physiol. 2010;152:1073-83 pubmed publisher
    ..These data indicate that ectoapyrases and extracellular nucleotides play a significant role in regulating cotton fiber growth and that ethylene is a likely downstream component of the signaling pathway...
  24. Bailey Serres J, Lee S, Brinton E. Waterproofing crops: effective flooding survival strategies. Plant Physiol. 2012;160:1698-709 pubmed publisher
  25. Tang D, Innes R. Overexpression of a kinase-deficient form of the EDR1 gene enhances powdery mildew resistance and ethylene-induced senescence in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 2002;32:975-83 pubmed
    ..Overexpression of orthologous dnEDR1 constructs may provide a novel strategy for controlling powdery mildew disease in crops. ..
  26. Ding L, Pandey S, Assmann S. Arabidopsis extra-large G proteins (XLGs) regulate root morphogenesis. Plant J. 2008;53:248-63 pubmed
    ..As plant-specific proteins, regulatory mechanisms of XLGs may differ from those of conventional Galphas. ..
  27. Fukao T, Yeung E, Bailey Serres J. The submergence tolerance gene SUB1A delays leaf senescence under prolonged darkness through hormonal regulation in rice. Plant Physiol. 2012;160:1795-807 pubmed publisher
    ..A delay of leaf senescence conferred by SUB1A can contribute to the enhancement of tolerance to submergence, drought, and oxidative stress. ..
  28. Chen Y, Shakeel S, Bowers J, Zhao X, Etheridge N, Schaller G. Ligand-induced degradation of the ethylene receptor ETR2 through a proteasome-dependent pathway in Arabidopsis. J Biol Chem. 2007;282:24752-8 pubmed
    ..These data support a model in which ETR2 is degraded by a proteasome-dependent pathway in response to ethylene binding. Implications of this model for ethylene signaling are discussed. ..
  29. Kim C, Liu Y, Thorne E, Yang H, Fukushige H, Gassmann W, et al. Activation of a stress-responsive mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade induces the biosynthesis of ethylene in plants. Plant Cell. 2003;15:2707-18 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that the induction of ethylene but not JA/MJ is involved in plant defense responses mediated by the NtMEK2-SIPK/WIPK pathway. ..
  30. Biedrzycki M, L V, Bais H. Transcriptome analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana plants in response to kin and stranger recognition. Plant Signal Behav. 2011;6:1515-24 pubmed publisher
    ..This study concluded that multiple physiological pathways are involved in the kin recognition. The possible implication of this study opens up a new dialogue in terms of how plant-plant interactions change under a biotic stress. ..
  31. Binder B, Mortimore L, Stepanova A, Ecker J, Bleecker A. Short-term growth responses to ethylene in Arabidopsis seedlings are EIN3/EIL1 independent. Plant Physiol. 2004;136:2921-7 pubmed
    ..01 microL L(-1)) with a relative refractory period of 5 h after ethylene is added. A modified signal transduction model is proposed that accounts for the two phases of growth inhibition. ..
  32. Chen Y, Randlett M, Findell J, Schaller G. Localization of the ethylene receptor ETR1 to the endoplasmic reticulum of Arabidopsis. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:19861-6 pubmed
    ..These data support a central role of the plant endoplasmic reticulum in hormone perception and signal transduction. ..
  33. O Malley R, Rodriguez F, Esch J, Binder B, O Donnell P, Klee H, et al. Ethylene-binding activity, gene expression levels, and receptor system output for ethylene receptor family members from Arabidopsis and tomato. Plant J. 2005;41:651-9 pubmed
  34. Karve A, Xia X, Moore B. Arabidopsis Hexokinase-Like1 and Hexokinase1 form a critical node in mediating plant glucose and ethylene responses. Plant Physiol. 2012;158:1965-75 pubmed publisher
  35. Reyna N, Yang Y. Molecular analysis of the rice MAP kinase gene family in relation to Magnaporthe grisea infection. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2006;19:530-40 pubmed
    ..The genome-wide expression analysis suggests that about half of the rice MAPK genes are associated with pathogen infection and host defense response. ..
  36. Hall B, Shakeel S, Amir M, Ul Haq N, Qu X, Schaller G. Histidine kinase activity of the ethylene receptor ETR1 facilitates the ethylene response in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2012;159:682-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Models for how enzymatic and nonenzymatic regulation may facilitate signaling from the ethylene receptors are discussed. ..
  37. Marvasi M, Cox C, Xu Y, Noel J, Giovannoni J, Teplitski M. Differential regulation of Salmonella typhimurium genes involved in O-antigen capsule production and their role in persistence within tomato fruit. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2013;26:793-800 pubmed publisher
    ..These experiments suggest a role for functional ethylene-mediated signaling in the persistence of Salmonella spp. within tomato fruit. Furthermore, jasmonic acid and its precursors strongly reduced expression of yihT...
  38. Stone B, Stowe Evans E, Harper R, Celaya R, Ljung K, Sandberg G, et al. Disruptions in AUX1-dependent auxin influx alter hypocotyl phototropism in Arabidopsis. Mol Plant. 2008;1:129-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, we have found that the strength of dependence of hypocotyl phototropism on AUX1-mediated auxin influx is directly related to the auxin responsiveness of the seedling in question. ..
  39. Elango V, Liggenstoffer A, Fathepure B. Biodegradation of vinyl chloride and cis-dichloroethene by a Ralstonia sp. strain TRW-1. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2006;72:1270-5 pubmed
    ..This ability of the strain TRW-1 to degrade cis-DCE in the presence of a nontoxic, water-soluble substrate is relevant to in-situ remediation of cis-DCE-contaminated aquifers...
  40. Tang D, Christiansen K, Innes R. Regulation of plant disease resistance, stress responses, cell death, and ethylene signaling in Arabidopsis by the EDR1 protein kinase. Plant Physiol. 2005;138:1018-26 pubmed
  41. Tieman D, Ciardi J, Taylor M, Klee H. Members of the tomato LeEIL (EIN3-like) gene family are functionally redundant and regulate ethylene responses throughout plant development. Plant J. 2001;26:47-58 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that the LeEILs are functionally redundant and positive regulators of multiple ethylene responses throughout plant development. ..
  42. Harper R, Stowe Evans E, Luesse D, Muto H, Tatematsu K, Watahiki M, et al. The NPH4 locus encodes the auxin response factor ARF7, a conditional regulator of differential growth in aerial Arabidopsis tissue. Plant Cell. 2000;12:757-70 pubmed
    ..This latter finding illustrates the intimate connection between auxin and ethylene in the control of growth in higher plants. ..
  43. Nagarajan V, Smith A. Ethylene's role in phosphate starvation signaling: more than just a root growth regulator. Plant Cell Physiol. 2012;53:277-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Herein we highlight the findings from these studies and offer a model for how ethylene biosynthesis and responsiveness are integrated into both local and systemic Pi signaling pathways. ..
  44. Ciardi J, Tieman D, Jones J, Klee H. Reduced expression of the tomato ethylene receptor gene LeETR4 enhances the hypersensitive response to Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2001;14:487-95 pubmed
    ..Because the ethylene action inhibitor 1-methylcyclopropene alleviates the enhanced HR phenotype in LeETR4 antisense plants, these changes in pathogen response are a result of increased ethylene sensitivity. ..
  45. Larsen P, Cancel J. Enhanced ethylene responsiveness in the Arabidopsis eer1 mutant results from a loss-of-function mutation in the protein phosphatase 2A A regulatory subunit, RCN1. Plant J. 2003;34:709-18 pubmed
  46. O donnell P, Schmelz E, Block A, Miersch O, Wasternack C, Jones J, et al. Multiple hormones act sequentially to mediate a susceptible tomato pathogen defense response. Plant Physiol. 2003;133:1181-9 pubmed
    ..This sequential action of jasmonate, ethylene, and SA in disease symptom development is different from the hormone interactions observed in many other plant-pathogen interactions. ..
  47. Christians M, Robles L, Zeller S, Larsen P. The eer5 mutation, which affects a novel proteasome-related subunit, indicates a prominent role for the COP9 signalosome in resetting the ethylene-signaling pathway in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 2008;55:467-77 pubmed publisher
  48. Meng X, Xu J, He Y, Yang K, Mordorski B, Liu Y, et al. Phosphorylation of an ERF transcription factor by Arabidopsis MPK3/MPK6 regulates plant defense gene induction and fungal resistance. Plant Cell. 2013;25:1126-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on these data, we conclude that ERF6, another substrate of MPK3 and MPK6, plays important roles downstream of the MPK3/MPK6 cascade in regulating plant defense against fungal pathogens. ..
  49. Tieman D, Klee H. Differential expression of two novel members of the tomato ethylene-receptor family. Plant Physiol. 1999;120:165-72 pubmed
    ..Taken together, ethylene perception in tomato is potentially quite complex, with at least five structurally divergent, putative receptor family members exhibiting significant variation in expression levels throughout development. ..
  50. Lashbrook C, Tieman D, Klee H. Differential regulation of the tomato ETR gene family throughout plant development. Plant J. 1998;15:243-52 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, the abundance of mRNAs for all three LeETR genes remained uniform in multiple plant tissues experiencing marked changes in ethylene sensitivity, including the cell separation layer throughout tomato flower abscission. ..
  51. Schaller G, Bleecker A. Ethylene-binding sites generated in yeast expressing the Arabidopsis ETR1 gene. Science. 1995;270:1809-11 pubmed
    ..It was concluded from these results that ETR1 acts as an ethylene receptor in Arabidopsis. ..
  52. Moon J, Zhao Y, Dai X, Zhang W, Gray W, Huq E, et al. A new CULLIN 1 mutant has altered responses to hormones and light in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2007;143:684-96 pubmed
    ..Characterization of weak cul1 mutants provides insight into the role of SCFs throughout plant growth and development. ..
  53. Binder B, O Malley R, Wang W, Zutz T, Bleecker A. Ethylene stimulates nutations that are dependent on the ETR1 receptor. Plant Physiol. 2006;142:1690-700 pubmed
    ..Naphthylphthalamic acid eliminated ethylene-stimulated nutations but had no effect on growth inhibition caused by ethylene, pointing to a role for auxin transport in the nutation phenotype. ..
  54. Tang D, Ade J, Frye C, Innes R. A mutation in the GTP hydrolysis site of Arabidopsis dynamin-related protein 1E confers enhanced cell death in response to powdery mildew infection. Plant J. 2006;47:75-84 pubmed
    ..These observations suggest a mechanistic link between salicylic acid signaling, mitochondria and programmed cell death in plants. ..
  55. Zheng Q, Zheng Y, Perry S. AGAMOUS-Like15 promotes somatic embryogenesis in Arabidopsis and soybean in part by the control of ethylene biosynthesis and response. Plant Physiol. 2013;161:2113-27 pubmed publisher
    ..truncatula nomenclature...
  56. Huffaker A, Pearce G, Veyrat N, Erb M, Turlings T, SARTOR R, et al. Plant elicitor peptides are conserved signals regulating direct and indirect antiherbivore defense. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:5707-12 pubmed publisher
    ..These studies demonstrate that Peps are conserved signals across diverse plant families regulating antiherbivore defenses and are likely to be the missing functional homologs of systemin outside of the Solanaceae. ..
  57. Oblessuc P, Borges A, Chowdhury B, Caldas D, Tsai S, Camargo L, et al. Dissecting Phaseolus vulgaris innate immune system against Colletotrichum lindemuthianum infection. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e43161 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to identify potential genetic components of the bean immune system to provide environmentally friendly control measures against this fungus...
  58. Hua J, Meyerowitz E. Ethylene responses are negatively regulated by a receptor gene family in Arabidopsis thaliana. Cell. 1998;94:261-71 pubmed
  59. Kim Y, Kawano T, Li D, Kolattukudy P. A mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase required for induction of cytokinesis and appressorium formation by host signals in the conidia of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Plant Cell. 2000;12:1331-43 pubmed
    ..CgMEK1 is required for the differentiation. ..
  60. Huffaker A, Dafoe N, Schmelz E. ZmPep1, an ortholog of Arabidopsis elicitor peptide 1, regulates maize innate immunity and enhances disease resistance. Plant Physiol. 2011;155:1325-38 pubmed publisher
    ..We present evidence that peptides belonging to the Pep family have a conserved function across plant species as endogenous regulators of innate immunity and may have potential for enhancing disease resistance in crops...
  61. Robles L, Deslauriers S, Alvarez A, Larsen P. A loss-of-function mutation in the nucleoporin AtNUP160 indicates that normal auxin signalling is required for a proper ethylene response in Arabidopsis. J Exp Bot. 2012;63:2231-41 pubmed publisher
  62. Krysan P, Jester P, Gottwald J, Sussman M. An Arabidopsis mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase gene family encodes essential positive regulators of cytokinesis. Plant Cell. 2002;14:1109-20 pubmed
    ..The molecular and structural phenotypes displayed by the double mutants support a model in which the ANP family of MAPKKKs positively regulates cell division and growth and may negatively regulate stress responses. ..
  63. Iniguez A, Dong Y, Carter H, Ahmer B, Stone J, Triplett E. Regulation of enteric endophytic bacterial colonization by plant defenses. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2005;18:169-78 pubmed
    ..These observations suggest approaches to reduce contamination of raw produce by human enteric pathogens and to increase the number of growth-promoting bacteria in plants. ..
  64. Liu Y, Zhang S. Phosphorylation of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase by MPK6, a stress-responsive mitogen-activated protein kinase, induces ethylene biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2004;16:3386-99 pubmed
    ..Equally important, this study uncovers a signaling pathway that modulates the biosynthesis of ethylene, an important plant hormone, in plants under stress. ..
  65. Wechter W, Levi A, Harris K, Davis A, Fei Z, Katzir N, et al. Gene expression in developing watermelon fruit. BMC Genomics. 2008;9:275 pubmed publisher
  66. Kevany B, Taylor M, Klee H. Fruit-specific suppression of the ethylene receptor LeETR4 results in early-ripening tomato fruit. Plant Biotechnol J. 2008;6:295-300 pubmed publisher
    ..These results demonstrate that ethylene receptors probably act as biological clocks regulating the onset of tomato fruit ripening...
  67. Lavis L, Rutkoski T, Raines R. Tuning the pK(a) of fluorescein to optimize binding assays. Anal Chem. 2007;79:6775-82 pubmed
    ..12 increased the Z'-factor from -0.17 to 0.69. We propose that synthetic "tuning" of the pKa of fluorescein and other pH-sensitive fluorophores provides a general means to optimize binding assays...
  68. Robles L, Wampole J, Christians M, Larsen P. Arabidopsis enhanced ethylene response 4 encodes an EIN3-interacting TFIID transcription factor required for proper ethylene response, including ERF1 induction. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:2627-39 pubmed
  69. Christians M, Larsen P. Mutational loss of the prohibitin AtPHB3 results in an extreme constitutive ethylene response phenotype coupled with partial loss of ethylene-inducible gene expression in Arabidopsis seedlings. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:2237-48 pubmed
    ..Based on the presented work, AtPHB3 probably functions as a positive regulator of expression of a subset of ethylene-regulated genes along with a group of genes required to maintain growth in the presence of ethylene. ..
  70. Wilson A, Pickett F, Turner J, Estelle M. A dominant mutation in Arabidopsis confers resistance to auxin, ethylene and abscisic acid. Mol Gen Genet. 1990;222:377-83 pubmed
    ..In addition, the roots of axr2 plants lack root hairs. Growth inhibition experiments indicate that the roots of axr2 plants are resistant to ethylene and abscisic acid as well as auxin. ..
  71. Chang C, Kwok S, Bleecker A, Meyerowitz E. Arabidopsis ethylene-response gene ETR1: similarity of product to two-component regulators. Science. 1993;262:539-44 pubmed
    ..The dominant etr1-1 mutant gene conferred ethylene insensitivity to wild-type Arabidopsis plants when introduced by transformation. ..
  72. Binder B, Walker J, Gagne J, Emborg T, Hemmann G, Bleecker A, et al. The Arabidopsis EIN3 binding F-Box proteins EBF1 and EBF2 have distinct but overlapping roles in ethylene signaling. Plant Cell. 2007;19:509-23 pubmed
  73. Mantelin S, Bhattarai K, Jhaveri T, Kaloshian I. Mi-1-mediated resistance to Meloidogyne incognita in tomato may not rely on ethylene but hormone perception through ETR3 participates in limiting nematode infection in a susceptible host. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e63281 pubmed publisher
    ..incognita. However, Nr plants compromised in ET perception showed enhanced susceptibility to M. incognita indicating a role for ETR3 in basal resistance to root-knot nematodes. ..
  74. Kevany B, Tieman D, Taylor M, Cin V, Klee H. Ethylene receptor degradation controls the timing of ripening in tomato fruit. Plant J. 2007;51:458-67 pubmed
    ..The results are consistent with a model in which receptor levels modulate timing of the onset of fruit ripening by measuring cumulative ethylene exposure. ..
  75. Gallie D. Regulated ethylene insensitivity through the inducible expression of the Arabidopsis etr1-1 mutant ethylene receptor in tomato. Plant Physiol. 2010;152:1928-39 pubmed publisher
    ..Restoration of ethylene sensitivity was achieved following the cessation of the induction. These results demonstrate the ability to control ethylene responses temporally and in amount through the control of mutant receptor expression. ..
  76. Cancel J, Larsen P. Loss-of-function mutations in the ethylene receptor ETR1 cause enhanced sensitivity and exaggerated response to ethylene in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2002;129:1557-67 pubmed
  77. Rowe A, Heavner G, Mansfeldt C, Werner J, Richardson R. Relating chloroethene respiration rates in Dehalococcoides to protein and mRNA biomarkers. Environ Sci Technol. 2012;46:9388-97 pubmed publisher
  78. Kamiyoshihara Y, Tieman D, Huber D, Klee H. Ligand-induced alterations in the phosphorylation state of ethylene receptors in tomato fruit. Plant Physiol. 2012;160:488-97 pubmed publisher
    ..We provide insights into the nature of receptor on and off states...