Experts and Doctors on cell wall in United Kingdom


Locale: United Kingdom
Topic: cell wall

Top Publications

  1. Modun B, Kendall D, Williams P. Staphylococci express a receptor for human transferrin: identification of a 42-kilodalton cell wall transferrin-binding protein. Infect Immun. 1994;62:3850-8 pubmed
    ..These data show that the staphylococci express a specific receptor for human transferrin based at least in part on a common 42-kDa cell wall protein. ..
  2. Murciano C, Moyes D, Runglall M, Islam A, Mille C, Fradin C, et al. Candida albicans cell wall glycosylation may be indirectly required for activation of epithelial cell proinflammatory responses. Infect Immun. 2011;79:4902-11 pubmed publisher
  3. Castillo L, MacCallum D, Brown A, Gow N, Odds F. Differential regulation of kidney and spleen cytokine responses in mice challenged with pathology-standardized doses of Candida albicans mannosylation mutants. Infect Immun. 2011;79:146-52 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that complex, multifactorial local responses offset and obscure any differences resulting from differences in surface mannosylation of C. albicans strains when infection results from pathology-standardized challenges. ..
  4. Pastori G, Kiddle G, Antoniw J, Bernard S, Veljovic Jovanovic S, Verrier P, et al. Leaf vitamin C contents modulate plant defense transcripts and regulate genes that control development through hormone signaling. Plant Cell. 2003;15:939-51 pubmed
    ..Hence, through modifying gene expression, vitamin C contents not only act to regulate defense and survival but also act via phytohormones to modulate plant growth under optimal conditions. ..
  5. Grassby T, Jay A, Merali Z, Parker M, Parr A, Faulds C, et al. Compositional analysis of Chinese water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis) cell-wall material from parenchyma, epidermis, and subepidermal tissues. J Agric Food Chem. 2013;61:9680-8 pubmed publisher
  6. Fry S, Aldington S, Hetherington P, Aitken J. Oligosaccharides as signals and substrates in the plant cell wall. Plant Physiol. 1993;103:1-5 pubmed
  7. Vincent I, Ehmann D, Mills S, Perros M, Barrett M. Untargeted Metabolomics To Ascertain Antibiotic Modes of Action. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2016;60:2281-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Metabolomics is a useful tool in the analysis of drug modes of action and can complement other technologies already in use. ..
  8. Modun B, Williams P. The staphylococcal transferrin-binding protein is a cell wall glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. Infect Immun. 1999;67:1086-92 pubmed
    ..These studies demonstrate that the staphylococcal transferrin receptor protein, Tpn, is a multifunctional cell wall GAPDH. ..
  9. Thomas L, Forsyth V, Šturcová A, Kennedy C, May R, Altaner C, et al. Structure of cellulose microfibrils in primary cell walls from collenchyma. Plant Physiol. 2013;161:465-76 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Bates S, Hughes H, Munro C, Thomas W, MacCallum D, Bertram G, et al. Outer chain N-glycans are required for cell wall integrity and virulence of Candida albicans. J Biol Chem. 2006;281:90-8 pubmed
    ..This demonstrates the importance of N-glycan outer chain epitopes to the host-fungal interaction and virulence. ..
  2. Embleton M, Nair S, Heywood W, Menon D, Cookson B, Wilson M. Development of a novel targeting system for lethal photosensitization of antibiotic-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2005;49:3690-6 pubmed
    ..Such attributes are desirable in an agent to be used in the photodynamic therapy of infectious diseases. ..
  3. Howard T, Fryer M, Singh P, Metodiev M, Lytovchenko A, Obata T, et al. Antisense suppression of the small chloroplast protein CP12 in tobacco alters carbon partitioning and severely restricts growth. Plant Physiol. 2011;157:620-31 pubmed publisher
  4. McKenzie C, Koser U, Lewis L, Bain J, Mora Montes H, Barker R, et al. Contribution of Candida albicans cell wall components to recognition by and escape from murine macrophages. Infect Immun. 2010;78:1650-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, cell wall composition and the ability to undergo yeast-hypha morphogenesis are critical determinants of the macrophage's ability to ingest and process C. albicans. ..
  5. Lamport D, Kieliszewski M, Chen Y, Cannon M. Role of the extensin superfamily in primary cell wall architecture. Plant Physiol. 2011;156:11-9 pubmed publisher
  6. Reid J, Edwards M, Dickson C, Scott C, Gidley M. Tobacco transgenic lines that express fenugreek galactomannan galactosyltransferase constitutively have structurally altered galactomannans in their seed endosperm cell walls. Plant Physiol. 2003;131:1487-95 pubmed
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first report of structural manipulation of a plant cell wall polysaccharide in transgenic plants via a biosynthetic membrane-bound glycosyltransferase...
  7. Wright D, Munro E, Corbett M, Bentley A, Fullwood N, Murray S, et al. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae actin cytoskeletal component Bsp1p has an auxiliary role in actomyosin ring function and in the maintenance of bud-neck structure. Genetics. 2008;178:1903-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Compromise of Iqg1p function, in the absence of Bsp1p function, leads to a profound change in the distribution of actin and the pattern of cell growth accompanied by a failure to complete cytokinesis and cell separation. ..
  8. Munro C, Bates S, Buurman E, Hughes H, MacCallum D, Bertram G, et al. Mnt1p and Mnt2p of Candida albicans are partially redundant alpha-1,2-mannosyltransferases that participate in O-linked mannosylation and are required for adhesion and virulence. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:1051-60 pubmed
    ..The double mutant was attenuated in virulence, underlining the importance of O-glycosylation in pathogenesis of C. albicans infections. ..
  9. Herve C, Rogowski A, Blake A, Marcus S, Gilbert H, Knox J. Carbohydrate-binding modules promote the enzymatic deconstruction of intact plant cell walls by targeting and proximity effects. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:15293-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The targeting actions of CBMs therefore have strong proximity effects within cell wall structures, explaining why cellulose-directed CBMs are appended to many noncellulase cell wall hydrolases. ..
  10. Moore K, Schröder M, Wu Z, Martin B, Hawes C, McGrath S, et al. High-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry reveals the contrasting subcellular distribution of arsenic and silicon in rice roots. Plant Physiol. 2011;156:913-24 pubmed publisher
    ..This study reveals the vacuolar sequestration of As in rice roots and contrasting patterns of As and Si subcellular localization, despite both being transported across the plasma membranes by the same transporters. ..
  11. Li Y, Darley C, Ongaro V, Fleming A, Schipper O, Baldauf S, et al. Plant expansins are a complex multigene family with an ancient evolutionary origin. Plant Physiol. 2002;128:854-64 pubmed
    ..Closely related "expansin-like" sequences were also identified in the social amoeba, Dictyostelium discoidium, suggesting that these wall-modifying proteins have a very deep evolutionary origin. ..
  12. Tryfona T, Liang H, Kotake T, Tsumuraya Y, Stephens E, Dupree P. Structural characterization of Arabidopsis leaf arabinogalactan polysaccharides. Plant Physiol. 2012;160:653-66 pubmed publisher
    ..The detailed structural elucidation of the AG polysaccharides from the leaves of Arabidopsis is essential for insights into the structure-function relationships of these molecules and will assist studies on their biosynthesis. ..
  13. Seifert G, Barber C, Wells B, Roberts K. Growth regulators and the control of nucleotide sugar flux. Plant Cell. 2004;16:723-30 pubmed
  14. Fotopoulos V, Gilbert M, Pittman J, Marvier A, Buchanan A, Sauer N, et al. The monosaccharide transporter gene, AtSTP4, and the cell-wall invertase, Atbetafruct1, are induced in Arabidopsis during infection with the fungal biotroph Erysiphe cichoracearum. Plant Physiol. 2003;132:821-9 pubmed
    ..The results are discussed in relation to the possible coordinated expression of hexose transporters and cell wall invertase in the host response to powdery mildew infection. ..
  15. Freelove A, Bolam D, White P, Hazlewood G, Gilbert H. A novel carbohydrate-binding protein is a component of the plant cell wall-degrading complex of Piromyces equi. J Biol Chem. 2001;276:43010-7 pubmed
    ..The two CBMs constitute a novel CBM family designated CBM29 whose members exhibit unusually wide ligand specificity. We propose, therefore, that NCP1 plays a role in sequestering the fungal enzyme complex onto the plant cell wall...
  16. Hu Y, Henderson B, Lund P, Tormay P, Ahmed M, Gurcha S, et al. A Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutant lacking the groEL homologue cpn60.1 is viable but fails to induce an inflammatory response in animal models of infection. Infect Immun. 2008;76:1535-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Cell wall lipid acid composition was not altered in the mutant strain. Thus, it appears that Cpn60.1 is an important agent in the regulation of the cytokine-dependent granulomatous response in M. tuberculosis infection. ..
  17. Mistry B, Del Sol R, Wright C, Findlay K, Dyson P. FtsW is a dispensable cell division protein required for Z-ring stabilization during sporulation septation in Streptomyces coelicolor. J Bacteriol. 2008;190:5555-66 pubmed publisher
  18. Faulkner C, Akman O, Bell K, Jeffree C, Oparka K. Peeking into pit fields: a multiple twinning model of secondary plasmodesmata formation in tobacco. Plant Cell. 2008;20:1504-18 pubmed publisher
    ..The model predicts PD distributions with striking resemblance to those seen on fractured wall faces...
  19. Thornton C. Tracking the emerging human pathogen Pseudallescheria boydii by using highly specific monoclonal antibodies. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2009;16:756-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Specificity of the DAS-ELISA was confirmed by sequencing of the internally transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1)-5.8S-ITS2 rRNA-encoding regions of environmental isolates...
  20. Robertson D, Mitchell G, Gilroy J, Gerrish C, Bolwell G, Slabas A. Differential extraction and protein sequencing reveals major differences in patterns of primary cell wall proteins from plants. J Biol Chem. 1997;272:15841-8 pubmed
    ..It appears that aspects of speciation reside in the complement of extracellular wall proteins. The data represent a protein resource for cell wall studies complementary to EST (expressed sequence tag) and DNA sequencing strategies. ..
  21. Sampathkumar A, Gutierrez R, McFarlane H, Bringmann M, Lindeboom J, Emons A, et al. Patterning and lifetime of plasma membrane-localized cellulose synthase is dependent on actin organization in Arabidopsis interphase cells. Plant Physiol. 2013;162:675-88 pubmed publisher
    ..Hence, both actin and microtubule cytoskeletons play important roles in regulating CesA trafficking, cellulose deposition, and organization of cell wall biogenesis...
  22. Mortimer J, Miles G, Brown D, Zhang Z, Segura M, Weimar T, et al. Absence of branches from xylan in Arabidopsis gux mutants reveals potential for simplification of lignocellulosic biomass. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:17409-14 pubmed publisher
    ..The results also demonstrate the potential for manipulating and simplifying the structure of xylan to improve the properties of lignocellulose for bioenergy and other uses. ..
  23. Wu A, Hörnblad E, Voxeur A, Gerber L, Rihouey C, Lerouge P, et al. Analysis of the Arabidopsis IRX9/IRX9-L and IRX14/IRX14-L pairs of glycosyltransferase genes reveals critical contributions to biosynthesis of the hemicellulose glucuronoxylan. Plant Physiol. 2010;153:542-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings reveal two distinct sets of four genes each differentially contributing to GX biosynthesis. ..
  24. Sawake S, Tajima N, Mortimer J, Lao J, Ishikawa T, Yu X, et al. KONJAC1 and 2 Are Key Factors for GDP-Mannose Generation and Affect l-Ascorbic Acid and Glucomannan Biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2015;27:3397-409 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that KJCs are key factors for the generation of GDP-Man and affect AsA level and glucomannan accumulation through the stimulation of VTC1 GMPP activity. ..
  25. Pauchet Y, Wilkinson P, Chauhan R, Ffrench Constant R. Diversity of beetle genes encoding novel plant cell wall degrading enzymes. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e15635 pubmed publisher
    ..Given the huge diversity of beetles alive today, and the diversity of their lifestyles and diets, we predict that beetle guts will emerge as an important new source of enzymes for use in biotechnology...
  26. Shewry P, Hawkesford M, Piironen V, Lampi A, Gebruers K, Boros D, et al. Natural variation in grain composition of wheat and related cereals. J Agric Food Chem. 2013;61:8295-303 pubmed publisher
    ..Such multivariate analyses could be used to define substantial equivalence when novel (including transgenic) cereals are considered. ..
  27. Burman J, Leung E, Atkins K, O Seaghdha M, Lango L, Bernado P, et al. Interaction of human complement with Sbi, a staphylococcal immunoglobulin-binding protein: indications of a novel mechanism of complement evasion by Staphylococcus aureus. J Biol Chem. 2008;283:17579-93 pubmed publisher
    ..As such, our data suggest that Sbi helps mediate bacterial evasion of complement via a novel mechanism, namely futile fluid-phase consumption. ..
  28. Lee K, Dekkers B, Steinbrecher T, Walsh C, Bacic A, Bentsink L, et al. Distinct cell wall architectures in seed endosperms in representatives of the Brassicaceae and Solanaceae. Plant Physiol. 2012;160:1551-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Genetic manipulations of cell wall components present in the Arabidopsis seed endosperm demonstrate the impact of cell wall architectural changes on germination kinetics...
  29. Holmes N, Walshaw J, Leggett R, Thibessard A, Dalton K, Gillespie M, et al. Coiled-coil protein Scy is a key component of a multiprotein assembly controlling polarized growth in Streptomyces. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:E397-406 pubmed publisher
  30. Evans D, Stark M. Mutations in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae type 2A protein phosphatase catalytic subunit reveal roles in cell wall integrity, actin cytoskeleton organization and mitosis. Genetics. 1997;145:227-41 pubmed
    ..Remarkably, the multiple defects of Ts- pph22 mutant cells were suppressed by a viable allele (SSD1-v1) of the polymorphic SSD1 gene. ..
  31. Murphy H, Stewart G, Mischenko V, Apt A, Harris R, McAlister M, et al. The OtsAB pathway is essential for trehalose biosynthesis in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:14524-9 pubmed
  32. Taylor E, Gloster T, Turkenburg J, Vincent F, Brzozowski A, Dupont C, et al. Structure and activity of two metal ion-dependent acetylxylan esterases involved in plant cell wall degradation reveals a close similarity to peptidoglycan deacetylases. J Biol Chem. 2006;281:10968-75 pubmed publisher
    ..E., Schuettelkopf, A. W., MacRae, J. I., and Aalten, D. M. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 102, 15429-15434), which form the NodB deacetylase "superfamily."..
  33. Jones L, Milne J, Ashford D, McQueen Mason S. Cell wall arabinan is essential for guard cell function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:11783-8 pubmed
    ..We suggest that arabinans maintain flexibility in the cell wall by preventing homogalacturonan polymers from forming tight associations...
  34. Alderwick L, Seidel M, Sahm H, Besra G, Eggeling L. Identification of a novel arabinofuranosyltransferase (AftA) involved in cell wall arabinan biosynthesis in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Biol Chem. 2006;281:15653-61 pubmed
    ..This newly discovered glycosyltransferase represents an attractive drug target for further exploitation by chemotherapeutic intervention. ..
  35. Thackray P, Moir A. SigM, an extracytoplasmic function sigma factor of Bacillus subtilis, is activated in response to cell wall antibiotics, ethanol, heat, acid, and superoxide stress. J Bacteriol. 2003;185:3491-8 pubmed
    ..subtilis to grow at pH 4.3. Sigma M is therefore involved in maintaining membrane and cell wall integrity in response to several different stresses in exponential growth phase and is activated by such stresses. ..
  36. Clarke S, Harris L, Richards R, Foster S. Analysis of Ebh, a 1.1-megadalton cell wall-associated fibronectin-binding protein of Staphylococcus aureus. Infect Immun. 2002;70:6680-7 pubmed
    ..aureus infections were found to contain anti-Ebh antibodies. Localization studies revealed Ebh to be cell envelope associated and is proposed to form a specialized surface structure involved in cellular adhesion...
  37. Taylor N, Scheible W, Cutler S, Somerville C, Turner S. The irregular xylem3 locus of Arabidopsis encodes a cellulose synthase required for secondary cell wall synthesis. Plant Cell. 1999;11:769-80 pubmed
    ..IRX3 and RSW1 fall into a distinct subgroup (Csa) of Arabidopsis genes showing homology to bacterial cellulose synthases. ..
  38. Taylor N, Howells R, Huttly A, Vickers K, Turner S. Interactions among three distinct CesA proteins essential for cellulose synthesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:1450-5 pubmed
    ..Consequently, these data suggest that IRX5, IRX3, and IRX1 are all essential components of the cellulose synthesizing complex and the presence of all three subunits is required for the correct assembly of this complex. ..
  39. Seifert G, Barber C, Wells B, Dolan L, Roberts K. Galactose biosynthesis in Arabidopsis: genetic evidence for substrate channeling from UDP-D-galactose into cell wall polymers. Curr Biol. 2002;12:1840-5 pubmed
    ..This suggests that substrate channeling plays a role in the regulation of plant cell wall biosynthesis. ..
  40. Tolley B, Sage T, Langdale J, Hibberd J. Individual maize chromosomes in the C(3) plant oat can increase bundle sheath cell size and vein density. Plant Physiol. 2012;159:1418-27 pubmed publisher
    ..These data provide proof of principle that aspects of C(4) biology could be integrated into leaves of C(3) crops. ..
  41. He M, Kershaw M, Soanes D, Xia Y, Talbot N. Infection-associated nuclear degeneration in the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae requires non-selective macro-autophagy. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e33270 pubmed publisher
    ..Nuclear degeneration in the spore is known to be essential for plant infection, but the precise mechanism by which it occurs is not known...
  42. Ostrowski A, Mehert A, Prescott A, Kiley T, Stanley Wall N. YuaB functions synergistically with the exopolysaccharide and TasA amyloid fibers to allow biofilm formation by Bacillus subtilis. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:4821-31 pubmed publisher
    ..We hypothesize that YuaB functions synergistically with the known components of the biofilm matrix to facilitate the assembly of the biofilm matrix. ..
  43. Tsang D, Edmond C, Harrington J, Nühse T. Cell wall integrity controls root elongation via a general 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid-dependent, ethylene-independent pathway. Plant Physiol. 2011;156:596-604 pubmed publisher
    ..This acute response to internal and external stress thus represents a novel, noncanonical signaling function of ACC. ..
  44. Finkemeier I, König A, Heard W, Nunes Nesi A, Pham P, Leister D, et al. Transcriptomic analysis of the role of carboxylic acids in metabolite signaling in Arabidopsis leaves. Plant Physiol. 2013;162:239-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that changes in carboxylic acid abundances can be perceived and signaled in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) by as yet unknown signaling pathways...
  45. Turner S, Somerville C. Collapsed xylem phenotype of Arabidopsis identifies mutants deficient in cellulose deposition in the secondary cell wall. Plant Cell. 1997;9:689-701 pubmed
    ..The mutations should be useful in facilitating the identification of factors that control the synthesis and deposition of cellulose and other cell wall components. ..
  46. Lalanne E, Honys D, Johnson A, Borner G, Lilley K, Dupree P, et al. SETH1 and SETH2, two components of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor biosynthetic pathway, are required for pollen germination and tube growth in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2004;16:229-40 pubmed
  47. Morris K, Linkies A, Muller K, Oracz K, Wang X, Lynn J, et al. Regulation of seed germination in the close Arabidopsis relative Lepidium sativum: a global tissue-specific transcript analysis. Plant Physiol. 2011;155:1851-70 pubmed publisher
    ..This indicates that targeted protein degradation is a major control point for endosperm weakening...
  48. Li Y, Smith C, Corke F, Zheng L, Merali Z, Ryden P, et al. Signaling from an altered cell wall to the nucleus mediates sugar-responsive growth and development in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell. 2007;19:2500-15 pubmed
    ..These findings reveal a pathway that signals changes in the cell wall through PRL1 to altered gene expression and sugar-responsive metabolic, growth, and developmental changes. ..
  49. Gloster T, Ibatullin F, Macauley K, Ekl f J, Roberts S, Turkenburg J, et al. Characterization and three-dimensional structures of two distinct bacterial xyloglucanases from families GH5 and GH12. J Biol Chem. 2007;282:19177-89 pubmed publisher
    ..The differential strategies for the accommodation of the side chains of xyloglucan presumably facilitate the action of these microbial hydrolases in milieus where diverse and differently substituted substrates may be encountered...
  50. Nobbs A, Vickerman M, Jenkinson H. Heterologous expression of Candida albicans cell wall-associated adhesins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Reveals differential specificities in adherence and biofilm formation and in binding oral Streptococcus gordonii. Eukaryot Cell. 2010;9:1622-34 pubmed publisher
    ..albicans with host and bacterial molecules, thus leading to effective colonization within polymicrobial communities...
  51. Bernal P, Lemaire S, Pinho M, Mobashery S, Hinds J, Taylor P. Insertion of epicatechin gallate into the cytoplasmic membrane of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus disrupts penicillin-binding protein (PBP) 2a-mediated beta-lactam resistance by delocalizing PBP2. J Biol Chem. 2010;285:24055-65 pubmed publisher
    ..We argue that many features of the ECg-induced phenotype can be explained by changes in the fluid dynamics of the CM. ..
  52. Tucker S, Besi M, Galhano R, Franceschetti M, Goetz S, Lenhert S, et al. Common genetic pathways regulate organ-specific infection-related development in the rice blast fungus. Plant Cell. 2010;22:953-72 pubmed publisher
    ..oryzae ortholog of exportin-5/Msn5p (EXP5). Mutants lacking EXP5 were much less virulent on roots, suggesting an important involvement of proteins and/or RNAs transported by EXP5 during M. oryzae root infection...
  53. Trunkfield A, Gurcha S, Besra G, Bugg T. Inhibition of Escherichia coli glycosyltransferase MurG and Mycobacterium tuberculosis Gal transferase by uridine-linked transition state mimics. Bioorg Med Chem. 2010;18:2651-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The library was also tested against Mycobacterium tuberculosis galactosyltransferase GlfT2, and one compound showed effective inhibition at 1mM concentration. ..
  54. Mandalari G, Bisignano G, Lo Curto R, Waldron K, Faulds C. Production of feruloyl esterases and xylanases by Talaromyces stipitatus and Humicola grisea var. thermoidea on industrial food processing by-products. Bioresour Technol. 2008;99:5130-3 pubmed
    ..The production of low-cost cell-wall-deconstructing enzymes on agro-industrial by-products could lead to the production of low-cost enzymes for use in the valorisation of food processing wastes...
  55. Atanassov I, Pittman J, Turner S. Elucidating the mechanisms of assembly and subunit interaction of the cellulose synthase complex of Arabidopsis secondary cell walls. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:3833-41 pubmed publisher
    ..These results demonstrate that this approach will provide an excellent framework for future detailed analysis of the CSC. ..
  56. Bosca S, Barton C, Taylor N, Ryden P, Neumetzler L, Pauly M, et al. Interactions between MUR10/CesA7-dependent secondary cellulose biosynthesis and primary cell wall structure. Plant Physiol. 2006;142:1353-63 pubmed
    ..This work indicates the existence of a mechanism that senses secondary cell wall integrity and controls biosynthesis or structural remodeling of primary cell walls and cellular differentiation. ..
  57. Rösti J, Barton C, Albrecht S, Dupree P, Pauly M, Findlay K, et al. UDP-glucose 4-epimerase isoforms UGE2 and UGE4 cooperate in providing UDP-galactose for cell wall biosynthesis and growth of Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell. 2007;19:1565-79 pubmed
    ..UGE2 and UGE4 influence growth and cell wall carbohydrate biosynthesis throughout the plant, UGE3 is specialized for pollen development, and UGE1 and UGE5 might act in stress situations. ..
  58. Foster S. Molecular characterization and functional analysis of the major autolysin of Staphylococcus aureus 8325/4. J Bacteriol. 1995;177:5723-5 pubmed
    ..Expression occurs throughout growth and is stimulated by low temperatures and in the presence of 1 M NaCl...
  59. Mortimer J, Yu X, Albrecht S, Sicilia F, Huichalaf M, Ampuero D, et al. Abnormal glycosphingolipid mannosylation triggers salicylic acid-mediated responses in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2013;25:1881-94 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests an unexpected role for GIPC sugar decorations in sphingolipid function and plant defense signaling. Additionally, we discuss these data in the context of substrate channeling within the Golgi. ..
  60. Gilbert H, Knox J, Boraston A. Advances in understanding the molecular basis of plant cell wall polysaccharide recognition by carbohydrate-binding modules. Curr Opin Struct Biol. 2013;23:669-77 pubmed publisher
  61. Atkinson N, Lilley C, Urwin P. Identification of genes involved in the response of Arabidopsis to simultaneous biotic and abiotic stresses. Plant Physiol. 2013;162:2028-41 pubmed publisher
    ..The results highlight the complex nature of multiple stress responses and confirm the importance of studying plant stress factors in combination. ..
  62. Lovegrove A, Wilkinson M, Freeman J, Pellny T, Tosi P, Saulnier L, et al. RNA interference suppression of genes in glycosyl transferase families 43 and 47 in wheat starchy endosperm causes large decreases in arabinoxylan content. Plant Physiol. 2013;163:95-107 pubmed publisher
    ..Since AX is the main component of dietary fiber in wheat foods, the TaGT43_2 and TaGT47_2 genes are of major importance to human nutrition. ..
  63. Montanier C, van Bueren A, Dumon C, Flint J, Correia M, Prates J, et al. Evidence that family 35 carbohydrate binding modules display conserved specificity but divergent function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:3065-70 pubmed publisher
    ..This report shows that the biological role of CBM35s is not dictated solely by their carbohydrate specificities but also by the context of their target ligands. ..
  64. Mandalari G, Faulks R, Rich G, Lo Turco V, Picout D, Lo Curto R, et al. Release of protein, lipid, and vitamin E from almond seeds during digestion. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:3409-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Bioaccessibility is improved by increased residence time in the gut and is regulated by almond cell walls. ..
  65. Richards T, Leonard G, Wideman J. What Defines the "Kingdom" Fungi?. Microbiol Spectr. 2017;5: pubmed publisher
    ..Our hope is that, by summarizing these data in the form of a discussion, we can illustrate the ongoing efforts to understand what drove the evolutionary diversification of fungi. ..
  66. Stewart M, Krause S, McGhie J, Gray J. Mpt5p, a stress tolerance- and lifespan-promoting PUF protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, acts upstream of the cell wall integrity pathway. Eukaryot Cell. 2007;6:262-70 pubmed
    ..We conclude that Mpt5p is required for normal replicative and chronological life spans and that the CWI pathway is a key and direct downstream target of this PUF protein. ..
  67. Lee K, Sakata Y, Mau S, Pettolino F, Bacic A, Quatrano R, et al. Arabinogalactan proteins are required for apical cell extension in the moss Physcomitrella patens. Plant Cell. 2005;17:3051-65 pubmed
    ..patens AGP1, encoding a classical AGP core protein, resulted in reduced cell lengths in protonemal filaments, indicating a role for AGP1 in apical cell expansion in P. patens. ..
  68. O Brien J, Daudi A, Finch P, Butt V, Whitelegge J, Souda P, et al. A peroxidase-dependent apoplastic oxidative burst in cultured Arabidopsis cells functions in MAMP-elicited defense. Plant Physiol. 2012;158:2013-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, these data suggest that PRX33/PRX34-generated ROS production is involved in the orchestration of pattern-triggered immunity in tissue culture cells. ..
  69. Ryden P, Sugimoto Shirasu K, Smith A, Findlay K, Reiter W, McCann M. Tensile properties of Arabidopsis cell walls depend on both a xyloglucan cross-linked microfibrillar network and rhamnogalacturonan II-borate complexes. Plant Physiol. 2003;132:1033-40 pubmed
    ..We conclude that borate-complexed rhamnogalacturonan II and galactosylated xyloglucan contribute to the tensile strength of cell walls...
  70. Mulvihill D, Edwards S, Hyams J. A critical role for the type V myosin, Myo52, in septum deposition and cell fission during cytokinesis in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 2006;63:149-61 pubmed
    ..On the commencement of septum formation, Myo52 transports Bgs1 to the cell equator, thus ensuring the accurate deposition of beta-1,3-glucan at the leading edge of the primary septum. ..
  71. Whatmore A, Dowson C. The autolysin-encoding gene (lytA) of Streptococcus pneumoniae displays restricted allelic variation despite localized recombination events with genes of pneumococcal bacteriophage encoding cell wall lytic enzymes. Infect Immun. 1999;67:4551-6 pubmed
    ..The implications of these findings for understanding the evolution of lytA and the potential utility of LytA as a vaccine target are discussed...
  72. Nikolovski N, Rubtsov D, Segura M, Miles G, Stevens T, Dunkley T, et al. Putative glycosyltransferases and other plant Golgi apparatus proteins are revealed by LOPIT proteomics. Plant Physiol. 2012;160:1037-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Other newly identified proteins are likely to be involved in the transport and interconversion of nucleotide sugar substrates as well as polysaccharide and protein modification...
  73. Honys D, Twell D. Comparative analysis of the Arabidopsis pollen transcriptome. Plant Physiol. 2003;132:640-52 pubmed
    ..Moreover, we also detail the extensive overlap (61%) of the pollen transcriptome with that of the sporophyte, which provides ample potential to influence sporophytic fitness through gametophytic selection. ..
  74. Buschmann H, Chan J, Sanchez Pulido L, Andrade Navarro M, Doonan J, Lloyd C. Microtubule-associated AIR9 recognizes the cortical division site at preprophase and cell-plate insertion. Curr Biol. 2006;16:1938-43 pubmed
    ..We propose that AIR9 may be part of the mechanism ensuring the maturation of those cell plates successfully contacting the "programmed" cortical division site. ..
  75. Pellny T, Lovegrove A, Freeman J, Tosi P, Love C, Knox J, et al. Cell walls of developing wheat starchy endosperm: comparison of composition and RNA-Seq transcriptome. Plant Physiol. 2012;158:612-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Abundant transcripts in the GT31 family may be responsible for the addition of Gal residues to arabinogalactan peptide...
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    ..This virus-based system represents a method for high-throughput functional genomic study of plant cell organelles and allows the identification of unique proteins that associate with specific subcompartments within organelles...