Experts and Doctors on animals in Nova Scotia, Canada


Locale: Nova Scotia, Canada
Topic: animals

Top Publications

  1. Scrosati R, Patten R, Lauff R. Positive interspecific relationship between temporal occurrence and abundance in insects. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e18982 pubmed publisher
    ..This may be another case in which a macroecological pattern shows similarities across space and time, and it deserves further research because it may improve our ability to forecast colonization dynamics and biological impacts. ..
  2. Logsdon J, Stoltzfus A, Doolittle W. Molecular evolution: recent cases of spliceosomal intron gain?. Curr Biol. 1998;8:R560-3 pubmed
    ..Few clear examples of recent intron gains have been well documented, but two such cases have now been reported, one with possible identification of the source of the intron. ..
  3. Widmer A, Panek I, Höger U, Meisner S, French A, Torkkeli P. Acetylcholine receptors in spider peripheral mechanosensilla. J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2006;192:85-95 pubmed
    ..Interestingly, all of the neurons responding to ACh were the rapidly adapting Type A neurons that were previously shown to express AChE activity. ..
  4. Spencer S, Shutler D, O Brien M. Correlates of mercury in female river otters (Lontra canadensis) from Nova Scotia, Canada. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2011;30:1879-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Because we found no evidence of reduced reproductive potential from greater Hg concentrations, the low proportion of juveniles suggests that Hg reduced juvenile survival, although our evidence is circumstantial. ..
  5. Wyeth R, Croll R. Peripheral sensory cells in the cephalic sensory organs of Lymnaea stagnalis. J Comp Neurol. 2011;519:1894-913 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, our observations emphasize the size of the peripheral nervous system in gastropods, and we suggest that greater emphasis be placed on understanding its role in gastropod neuroethology. ..
  6. Mtabaji J, Manku M, Horrobin D. Abnormalities in dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid release in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Am J Hypertens. 1993;6:458-62 pubmed
    ..It is suggested that the defect in the release of DGLA may be involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension because it occurs early before hypertension has actually occurred. ..
  7. Brown J, Taylor P. Adult and hatch-year blackpoll warblers exhibit radically different regional-scale movements during post-fledging dispersal. Biol Lett. 2015;11:20150593 pubmed publisher
    ..Their movements were most consistent with exploration hypotheses--that young birds develop a regional-scale map to aid in habitat selection, natal dispersal and subsequent migrations. ..
  8. Marshall W, Katoh F, Main H, Sers N, Cozzi R. Focal adhesion kinase and beta1 integrin regulation of Na+, K+, 2Cl- cotransporter in osmosensing ion transporting cells of killifish, Fundulus heteroclitus. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2008;150:288-300 pubmed publisher
  9. Filip N, Pustam A, Ells V, Grosicki K, Yang J, Oguejiofor I, et al. Fouling-release and chemical activity effects of a siloxane-based material on tunicates. Mar Environ Res. 2016;116:41-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the data also emphasize consideration of both immediate and long-term effects of potentially toxic constituents released from fouling-release coatings. ..

More Information


  1. Ghaly A, Marsh D. Aging-associated oxidative stress modulates the acute inflammatory response in skeletal muscle after contusion injury. Exp Gerontol. 2010;45:381-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that aging-associated oxidative stress in muscles of old rats exacerbated the inflammatory response to contusion injury and leads to increased TGF-beta1-induced collagen content. ..
  2. Gibson G, CARVER D. Effects of extra-embryonic provisioning on larval morphology and histogenesis in Boccardia proboscidea (Annelida, Spionidae). J Morphol. 2013;274:11-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Lack of adelphophagy in planktotrophic larvae remains enigmatic but these results indicate that morphology alone does not account for the arrested development shown by these larvae. ..
  3. Shutler D, Alisauskas R, Daniel McLaughlin J. Associations between body composition and helminths of lesser snow geese during winter and spring migration. Int J Parasitol. 2012;42:755-60 pubmed publisher
  4. West A, Syyong H, Siddiqui S, Pascoe C, Murphy T, Maarsingh H, et al. Airway contractility and remodeling: links to asthma symptoms. Pulm Pharmacol Ther. 2013;26:3-12 pubmed publisher
  5. Nachar A, Eid H, Vinqvist Tymchuk M, Vuong T, Kalt W, Matar C, et al. Phenolic compounds isolated from fermented blueberry juice decrease hepatocellular glucose output and enhance muscle glucose uptake in cultured murine and human cells. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017;17:138 pubmed publisher
    ..5??M. This study identifies novel potential antidiabetic compounds that can help standardize FJ. ..
  6. Marshall W, Watters K, Hovdestad L, Cozzi R, Katoh F. CFTR Cl- channel functional regulation by phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase at tyrosine 407 in osmosensitive ion transporting mitochondria rich cells of euryhaline killifish. J Exp Biol. 2009;212:2365-77 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that hormone mediated, cAMP dependent and osmotically mediated, cAMP independent pathways converge on a mechanism to activate CFTR and Cl(-) secretion, possibly through tyrosine phosphorylation of CFTR by FAK. ..
  7. Brown R, Imran S, Wilkinson M. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulates adipokine and socs3 gene expression in mouse brain and pituitary gland in vivo, and in N-1 hypothalamic neurons in vitro. J Neuroimmunol. 2009;209:96-103 pubmed publisher
  8. Marshall W, Singer T. Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator in teleost fish. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002;1566:16-27 pubmed
    ..The facility with which teleosts regulate CFTR expression and activation during salinity adaptation make this system an appealing model for the expression and trafficking operation of this labile gene product...
  9. Daborn K, Cozzi R, Marshall W. Dynamics of pavement cell-chloride cell interactions during abrupt salinity change in Fundulus heteroclitus. J Exp Biol. 2001;204:1889-99 pubmed
    ..We conclude that the actin cytoskeleton of chloride cells is required to maintain crypt opening and that osmotic shock causes chloride cells to adjust their apical crypt size. ..
  10. Marshall W, Howard J, Cozzi R, Lynch E. NaCl and fluid secretion by the intestine of the teleost Fundulus heteroclitus: involvement of CFTR. J Exp Biol. 2002;205:745-58 pubmed
  11. Duffy K, Slusar J. Monocular deprivation provokes alteration of the neuronal cytoskeleton in developing cat lateral geniculate nucleus. Vis Neurosci. 2009;26:319-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Monocular deprivation initiated beyond early life produced neither a change in structure nor a loss of neurofilament labeling. ..
  12. Boulianne B, Evans R, Smith T. Phylogenetic analysis of Hepatozoon species (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) infecting frogs of Nova Scotia, Canada, determined by ITS-1 sequences. J Parasitol. 2007;93:1435-41 pubmed publisher
    ..clamatae. Phylogenetic data based on molecular variation and cytopathological features from this study provide the strongest evidence to date supporting the distinction between these 2 species...
  13. Marshall W, Bellamy D. The 50 year evolution of in vitro systems to reveal salt transport functions of teleost fish gills. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2010;155:275-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Each new approach brought new findings but is subject to certain limitations and each has contributed significantly to this important subfield of comparative physiology...
  14. Shutler D, Lowe A, Robinson S. Relationships between circulating leucocytes and Leucocytozoon simondi in mallard, Anas platyrhynchos, ducklings. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2010;156:46-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, our results did not reveal tight links between leucocyte profiles and parasitism by L. simondi. Our data suggest that L. simondi was relatively benign to our wild ducks...
  15. Juusola M, Niven J, French A. Shaker K+ channels contribute early nonlinear amplification to the light response in Drosophila photoreceptors. J Neurophysiol. 2003;90:2014-21 pubmed
  16. Russell A, Watanabe Y, Charette J, Gray M. Unusual features of fibrillarin cDNA and gene structure in Euglena gracilis: evolutionary conservation of core proteins and structural predictions for methylation-guide box C/D snoRNPs throughout the domain Eucarya. Nucleic Acids Res. 2005;33:2781-91 pubmed
  17. Tang L, Fatehi M, Linsdell P. Mechanism of direct bicarbonate transport by the CFTR anion channel. J Cyst Fibros. 2009;8:115-21 pubmed publisher
  18. Górska Andrzejak J, Stowers R, Borycz J, Kostyleva R, Schwarz T, Meinertzhagen I. Mitochondria are redistributed in Drosophila photoreceptors lacking milton, a kinesin-associated protein. J Comp Neurol. 2003;463:372-88 pubmed
    ..Our findings indicate the direct and compensatory responses in a population of neurons when mitochondria are not correctly targeted to their synaptic terminals. ..
  19. Wang W, Linsdell P. Conformational change opening the CFTR chloride channel pore coupled to ATP-dependent gating. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012;1818:851-60 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that ATP-dependent gating of CFTR is associated with the opening and closing of a gate within the permeation pathway at the level of these pore-lining amino acids. ..
  20. Gibson G, Hart C, Coulter C, Xu H. Nurse eggs form through an active process of apoptosis in the spionid Polydora cornuta (Annelida). Integr Comp Biol. 2012;52:151-60 pubmed publisher
    ..cornuta embryos, it was not detected until later in development. This suggests that nurse eggs originate through heterochrony in a developmental process (apoptosis) that is common to all young of P. cornuta...
  21. Pohajdak B, Mansour M, Hrytsenko O, Conlon J, Dymond L, Wright J. Production of transgenic tilapia with Brockmann bodies secreting [desThrB30] human insulin. Transgenic Res. 2004;13:313-23 pubmed
    ..Because tilapia islets are exceedingly resistant to hypoxia by mammalian standards, transgenic tilapia islets should be ideal for xenotransplantation using immunoisolation techniques. ..
  22. Marshall W, Ossum C, Hoffmann E. Hypotonic shock mediation by p38 MAPK, JNK, PKC, FAK, OSR1 and SPAK in osmosensing chloride secreting cells of killifish opercular epithelium. J Exp Biol. 2005;208:1063-77 pubmed
  23. Sánchez Villavicencio M, Vinqvist Tymchuk M, Kalt W, Matar C, Alarcon Aguilar F, Escobar Villanueva M, et al. Fermented blueberry juice extract and its specific fractions have an anti-adipogenic effect in 3 T3-L1 cells. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017;17:24 pubmed publisher
  24. Nicholson T, Dibb S, Renton K. Nitric oxide mediates an LPS-induced depression of cytochrome P450 (CYP1A) activity in astrocytes. Brain Res. 2004;1029:148-54 pubmed
    ..Taken together, these observations suggest that NO plays a pivotal role in the inflammation mediated loss in CYP1A activity in the brain. ..
  25. Kalmokoff M, Waddington L, Thomas M, Liang K, Ma C, Topp E, et al. Continuous feeding of antimicrobial growth promoters to commercial swine during the growing/finishing phase does not modify faecal community erythromycin resistance or community structure. J Appl Microbiol. 2011;110:1414-25 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest that if AGP-mediated alterations to gut communities are an important mechanism for growth promotion, it is unlikely that these would be associated with the colonic community. ..
  26. Hrytsenko O, Wright J, Morrison C, Pohajdak B. Insulin expression in the brain and pituitary cells of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Brain Res. 2007;1135:31-40 pubmed publisher
  27. Yegorov S, Good Avila S, Parry L, Wilson B. Relaxin family genes in humans and teleosts. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009;1160:42-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Differential expression and/or regulation of these genes will be explored in future experimental work. ..
  28. Guernsey D, Jiang H, Campagna D, Evans S, Ferguson M, Kellogg M, et al. Mutations in mitochondrial carrier family gene SLC25A38 cause nonsyndromic autosomal recessive congenital sideroblastic anemia. Nat Genet. 2009;41:651-3 pubmed publisher
  29. Wilson B, Burnett D, Rappaport R, Parry L, Fletcher E. Relaxin-3 and RXFP3 expression, and steroidogenic actions in the ovary of teleost fish. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2009;153:69-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Relaxin-3 appeared to suppress the release of MIS production. This suggests that relaxin peptides may be involved with estradiol-dependant events in follicular development. ..