Research Topics

Genomes and Genes


Long-Circulating Liposomal Camptothecins CAP and EAP


Principal Investigator: R Perez-Soler
Abstract: Based on the extensive data generated during the phase I portion of our studies, there is sufficient and compelling information to support the further development of the highly lipophilic and blood-stable topoisomerase inhibitor, DB-67. In part, the pre-clinical and clinical evaluation of DB-67 is currently being supported by the NCI through the RAID program; the RAID program studies focus on the non-targeted, liposomal delivery of DB-67, in which DB-67 is formulated in the bilayer of the liposome vesicle. This phase II STTR proposal focuses on the liposomal delivery of core-loaded DB-67 prodrug esters. Liposomal core-loading is a feature of FDA-approved liposomal products such as Doxil and DaunoXome and tumor-targeting has been documented for these formulations. The phase II studies proposed below focus on a novel approach allowing for the liposomal delivery of core-loaded DB-67 prodrug esters, which will permit tumor targeting and, accordingly, effect lower systemic toxicity to the DB-67 agent. The chemistry of the liposomal carriers will be adjusted in order to optimize the following: drug retention in the particle in circulation; particle targeting to the tumor by passive mechanisms; the controlled, slow and continuous release of the active, S-phase specific agent at the tumor site resulting in optimal anticancer activity with minimal systemic toxicity. Thus, the specific aims are as follows: 1) scale-up synthesis of chemically-activated pro-drug (CAP) and enzymatically-activated pro-drug (EAP) esters of DB-67 which actively load info the aqueous core of liposomes and 2) liposomal core-loading of CAP and EAP DB-67 esters and optimization of drug retention; and 3) in vitro and in vivo evaluation of liposomal core-loading of CAP and EAP DB-67 esters. Ultimately, we will seek formulation(s) that display optimized drug retention and in vivo and in vitro performance. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: Not Available
Funding Period: 1998-05-06 - 2004-08-31
more information: NIH RePORT