Naturally Occurring Lipid Mediators Enhance Antibody Production

Summary

Principal Investigator: Richard P Phipps
Abstract: DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): An emerging concept is that resolution of inflammation is a dynamic process crucial in restoring homeostasis, thus preventing chronic inflammation and disease. Newly identified lipid mediators, derived from polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are now recognized as crucial players in resolving inflammation. These endogenous specialized proresolution mediators (SPM) constitute separate families including lipoxins, resolvins, protectins and maresins. SPM have newly discovered abilities to regulate cells of the immune system. The humoral response is essential for protection against microorganisms, however the role of SPM in humoral immunity and their effect on B cells has not yet been studied. This is an important knowledge gap. Our new pilot data in support of this R21 application show that SPM have an important ability to enhance mitogen and antigen-driven antibody responses. These results support our hypothesis that the lipid-derived SPM enhance the antibody response to infection by promoting B cell function, leading to improved immune memory and long-term protection. We propose to study the immuno-regulatory functions of SPM on human and mouse B cells and during the adaptive immune response against influenza, in an infection and vaccination pre-clinical model. Adjuvant or "vaccine booster" properties of SPM could increase vaccine efficacy and utility, permitting smaller doses when a vaccine is poorly immunogenic or in short supply. We propose two specific aims to begin to reveal the function of SPM on B cells. Aim 1: Characterize the ability of key SPM to stimulate human B cell antibody production. B cells will be activated with TLR and BCR ligands along with selected SPM. IgM and IgG antibody levels will be determined along with B cell phenotype, survival and proliferation analyses. We will study B cell memory responses using seasonal influenza-vaccinated human subjects. These studies will determine the effects of resolvins on memory and antibody-secreting B cell populations. Aim 2: Determine the capacity of lead SPM to stimulate protective antibody production in a pre-clinical mouse influenza virus vaccination and infection model. The functions of SPM during an adaptive memory response will be analyzed using a mouse influenza vaccination and infection model. Mice will be vaccinated using the trivalent seasonal flu vaccine, as well as influenza recombinant protein, hemagglutinin (HA), and complemented with or without SPM. IgM and IgG antibody titers will be measured along with the antibodies'inhibitory and neutralizing properties, reflective of a B cell-mediated adaptive response. The stimulatory properties of SPM will be further assessed by challenging immunized mice with live influenza viral strains, including the 2009 H1N1, and monitoring weight loss, survival, and viral titers.
Funding Period: 2013-02-01 - 2015-01-31
more information: NIH RePORT

Top Publications

  1. pmc Lipoxin A4 modulates adaptive immunity by decreasing memory B-cell responses via an ALX/FPR2-dependent mechanism
    Sesquile Ramon
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA
    Eur J Immunol . 2013

Research Grants

  1. Origin and Adaptation of Influenza-Specific Plasmablasts
    SARAH FAITH ANDREWS; Fiscal Year: 2013
  2. Oxidation in Inflammation and Cardiovascular Disease
    Stanley L Hazen; Fiscal Year: 2013

Detail Information

Publications1

  1. pmc Lipoxin A4 modulates adaptive immunity by decreasing memory B-cell responses via an ALX/FPR2-dependent mechanism
    Sesquile Ramon
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA
    Eur J Immunol . 2013
    ..Harnessing the ability of lipoxins to decrease memory B-cell antibody production can be beneficial to threat inflammatory and autoimmune disorders. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...

Research Grants30

  1. Origin and Adaptation of Influenza-Specific Plasmablasts
    SARAH FAITH ANDREWS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By characterizing the mechanisms driving differentiation of both the short-term and long-term components of the humoral immune response, we can learn precisely what is required to make a protective antibody against influenza. ..
  2. Oxidation in Inflammation and Cardiovascular Disease
    Stanley L Hazen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It may also lead to important insights for atherosclerosis risk assessment, diagnosis and therapy. ..