Manipulation of Host Angiogenesis as a Therapeutic Strategy against Invasive Pulm
Principal Investigator: Dimitrios P Kontoyiannis
Abstract: DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is an important cause of respiratory and disseminated infection in immunocompromised patients, and the most common cause of infectious pneumonic mortality in recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplants. Mortality from IA remains unacceptably high despite the availability of novel antifungal agents. The poor efficacy of antifungal drugs against IA may be linked to the propensity of Aspergillus species to invade pulmonary blood vessels, causing intravascular thrombosis, tissue ischemia and infarction. This vasculopathy sequesters infected tissue, thereby limiting the delivery of antifungal agents to the site of infection. Furthermore, IA is associated with down-regulation of the expression of genes encoding for important mediators of angiogenesis, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), suggesting that the vascular response to IA is suppressed. We hypothesize that therapeutic administration of pro-angiogenic growth factors together with antifungal drugs will increase the survival rate in experimental IA by increasing the tissue concentrations of the antifungal drugs. In aim 1, we propose to assess the feasibility of treating IA with pro-angiogenic growth factors, alone or in combination with the antifungal drug amphotericin B (AMB). To that end, we will use two murine models of IA following induction of neutropenia with cyclophosphamide: (1) An acute pulmonary model, in which infection is established by intranasal instillation of a concentrated spore suspension;(2) A subacute model, in which myocutaneous infection is induced by subcutaneous injection of spore suspension. In each model, the following treatment groups will be assessed: VEGF, bFGF, VEGF plus bFGF, AMB, AMB plus VEGF, AMB plus bFGF, and AMB plus VEGF and bFGF. Two additional groups of mice will receive treatment with sunitinib, an inhibitor of angiogenesis, alone or in combination with AMB. Three types of endpoints will be assessed and compared among treatment groups: (1) Survival over a period of 7 days (pulmonary model only);(2) Tissue fungal burden, measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR);and (3) Angiogenesis at the site of infection, assessed in vivo in the myocutaneous model using the previously described matrigel assay, and in pulmonary tissue sections using microvessel density. In aim 2, we will determine the effect of treatment with VEGF and bFGF on the tissue concentration of AMB. AMB concentrations will be measured in pulmonary tissue and in matrigel plugs using high performance liquid chromatography, and compared between groups of mice receiving AMB alone and groups receiving AMB plus VEGF and/or bFGF. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Invasive aspergillosis is a major cause of sickness and death in patients with cancer and a weakened immune system. Despite the availability of new antifungal drugs and improved supportive care, mortality from these infections remains unacceptably high. We hypothesize that the occlusion of blood vessels in the course of invasive aspergillosis limits the penetration of antifungal drugs into infected tissue, and that treatment with growth factors that enhance the formation of new vessels might improve the outcome of this severe fungal infection.
Funding Period: ----------------2009 - ---------------2011-
more information: NIH RePORT
- Manipulation of host angioneogenesis: A critical link for understanding the pathogenesis of invasive mold infections?Dimitrios P Kontoyiannis
Department of Infectious Diseases, Infection Control and Employee Health, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA
Virulence 1:192-6. 2010..This complex, yet emerging field might add another level of knowledge and therapeutic choices in the management of these devastated infections...
- Proangiogenic growth factors potentiate in situ angiogenesis and enhance antifungal drug activity in murine invasive aspergillosisRonen Ben-Ami
Infectious Diseases Unit, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Israel
J Infect Dis 207:1066-74. 2013..Vasculogenic pathways are unexplored targets for the treatment of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis and may potentiate both innate immunity and antifungal drug activity against A. fumigatus...