Genomes and Genes
Treatment of Skeletal Muscle Dysfunction in ICU Patients
Principal Investigator: Gerald S Supinski
Abstract: DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Recent studies indicate that mechanically ventilated MICU patients develop severe respiratory and limb muscle weakness and that weakness is associated with poor clinical outcomes in these patients. As a result, administration of drugs that improve skeletal muscle strength should theoretically reduce the need for mechanical ventilation, shorten hospital stay, improve mortality, and increase exercise tolerance in this patient population. The purpose of the present proposal is to address this issue and evaluate the impact of anabolic agents on strength and outcomes in a large, diagnostically broad based MICU patient population. Two experiments are planned: Aim 1 will test the hypothesis that limb and respiratory skeletal muscle weakness in critically ill patients can be attenuated by administration of hydroxymethylbutyrate (HMB) and/or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). We will first measure indices of muscle strength (magnetically stimulated diaphragm and quadriceps strength), muscle size (diaphragm and quadriceps thickness), and quadriceps muscle biopsy characteristics (force-pCa relationships, biomarker levels). We will next randomize mechanically ventilated MICU patients to receive either placebo, HMB, EPA, or both HMB+EPA for 10 days. We will then repeat parameter testing (muscle strength, size and biopsy characteristics) on days 11 and 21. Data will be analyzed to determine if anabolic treatments improve muscle strength, increase muscle size, alter muscle biomarker levels, and reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation. Aim 2 will test the hypothesis that muscle training will augment the response to muscle strength enhancers (HMB+EPA) in mechanically ventilated MICU patients. We will measure muscle strength, size and biomarker levels. We will then randomize patients to either placebo, muscle strength enhancers (HMB+EPA) alone, targeted muscle training alone (loaded breathing, leg cycling exercise), or the combination of strength enhancers plus muscle training for 10 days. Parameter assessment will be repeated at days 11 and 21. We will determine if these treatments improve muscle strength, muscle size, alter biomarkers, and reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation. Our pilot study data suggest that both EPA and HMB can induce increases in both limb and respiratory muscle strength, shortening the duration of mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients. These data support our hypotheses and suggest that the proposed studies are likely to define a new treatment that will have an important impact on the care of critically ill patients.
Funding Period: 2013-08-01 - 2018-04-30
more information: NIH RePORT
- Patient discomfort and agitation in the ICU: ET tube movement effectsVIRGINIA ANNE HAMILTON; Fiscal Year: 2013..Patient comfort will be assessed every hour.Nursing activities will be documented using direct observation. Descriptive statistics and ANOVA will be used to determine the effect of ET tube movement on key variables. ..
- Prognostic &Therapeutic Implications of Breathing Patterns in Acute Lung InjuryFRANK JOSEPH JACONO; Fiscal Year: 2013..While initially applied in the ICU, these approaches will be easily applied in other settings identifying patients in need of a higher level of care or more intensive therapy. ..
- ICU-ACQUIRED NEUROMUSCULAR DYSFUNCTION AND OUTCOMES IN ACUTE LUNG INJURYDALE MURRAY NEEDHAM; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Pulmonary Rehabiltation before Lung Cancer ResectionROBERTO PABLO BENZO; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Standardized Rehabilitation for ICU Patients with Acute Respiratory FailurePeter E Morris; Fiscal Year: 2013....