MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF HUMAN COAGULATION FACTOR V
Principal Investigator: Thomas Ortel
Abstract: Thrombin generated by the prothrombinase complex contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of common clinical disorders such as myocardial infarction, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and stroke. The prothrombinase complex consists of the enzyme factor Xa, the cofactor factor Va and a phospholipid membrane surface. The interaction of factor Va with platelet membranes requires expressionof phosphatidylserine (PS) on the surface of activated platelets or endothelial cells. The long-term goal of this project is to use integrated molecular, structural and biophysical approaches to understand the interaction of factor Va with biological membranes. A membrane binding site was localized to the factor V C2 domain and the structures of two crystal forms of this domain have been elucidated. These structures have suggested a working model for the interaction of factor Va with phospholipid membranes that includes:(1) immersion of exposed hydrophobic residues in the apolar membrane core;(2) stereospecific interactions with PS head groups and (3) favorable electrostatic contacts of basic side chains with negatively charged membrane phosphate groups. Several aspects of this model have been validated. The indole side chains of two tryptophans located on a mobile solvent exposed loop within the C2 domain insert into the membrane bilayer and are required for high affinity membrane binding. Tyrosine and leucine residues located in an analogous location within the homologous factor V C1 domain play a role in binding to membranes containing low concentrations of PS. The goals of the present study are to validate and refine our working model for the association of factor Va with biological membranes. The specific aims of the present proposal are to define the PS specificity pocket(s) and membrane binding sites within the factor V C1 and C2 domains and to determine their contribution to prothrombinase assembly on both phospholipid vesicles and cellular membranes. Binding sites will be defined using recombinant factor Va mutants, recombinant light chain domains, scFv antibodies and soluble phospholipid analogues. Binding interactions will be characterized using quantitative fluorescence binding assays and functional prothrombinase assays. We hypothesize that complex interactions between factor Va and PS containing membranes allow for the fine regulation of the prothrombinase complex. The proposed experiments could lead to novel targets for anti-thrombotic therapy. PERFORMANCE'SITE(S) (organization, city,.state) Duke University, Durham, North Carolina PHS 398 (Rev. 09/04) Page 2 Form Page 2 Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, First, Middle): Kane, William H. KEY PERSONNEL. See instructions. Use continuation pages as needed to provide the required information in the format shown below. Start with Principal Investigator.List all other key personnel in alphabetical order, last name first. Name eRA Commons User Name Organization Role on Project Kane, William H. Duke University PI Kenan, Daniel J. Duke University Co-investigator OTHER SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTORS Name Fuentes-Prior, Pablo Hayward, Catherine Hoffman, Maureane R. Lentz, Barry Organization Role on Project Institut de Biologia Molecular, Consultant Barcelona McMaster University, Ontario Consultant Duke University Consultant University of North Carolina, Consultant Chapel Hill Human Embryonic Stem Cells ^ No Q Yes If the proposed project involves human embryonic stem cells, list below the registration number of the specific cell line(s) from the following list: http://8temcells.nih.qov/registrv/index.asp. Usecontinuation pages as needed. If a specific line cannot be referenced at this time, include a statement that one from the Registrywill be used. Cell Line Disclosure PermissionStatement. Applicable to SBIR/STTROnly. SeeSBIR/STTR instructions. I I Yes I I No PHS 398 (Rev.09/04) Page Form Page 2-continued Number the following pages consecutively throughout the application. Do not use suffixes such as 4a, 4b. Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, First, Middle): The name of the principal investigator/program director must be provided at the top of each printed page and each continuation page. RESEARCH GRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page 1 Description,
Funding Period: ----------------1991 - ---------------2011-
more information: NIH RePORT
- Location of the multimerin 1 binding site in coagulation factor V: an updateSamira B Jeimy
McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
Thromb Res 123:352-4. 2008....
- A phosphatidylserine binding site in factor Va C1 domain regulates both assembly and activity of the prothrombinase complexRinku Majumder
Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Blood 112:2795-802. 2008..Because FVa heavy chain binds 2 molecules of C6PS, we conclude that both C2 and C1 domains bind one C6PS, with binding to the C1 domain regulating prothrombinase complex assembly...
- Phosphatidylserine and FVa regulate FXa structureKinshuk Raj Srivasatava
Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, and Program in Molecular and Cellular Biophysics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7260, U S A
Biochem J 459:229-39. 2014..The results demonstrate the usefulness of FRET in analysing structure-function relationships in FXa and in the FXa·FVa2 complex...
- Modulation of prothrombinase assembly and activity by phosphatidylethanolamineRinku Majumder
Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27702 3656, USA
J Biol Chem 286:35535-42. 2011..These findings provide new insights into the possible synergistic roles of platelet PE and PS in regulating thrombin formation, particularly when exposed membrane PS may be limiting...