Child Regulation and Exposure to Marital Violence

Summary

Principal Investigator: Mona El-Sheikh
Affiliation: College of Veterinary Medicine
Country: USA
Abstract: [unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Research is needed to identify pathways and vulnerability and protective factors in the associations between marital violence, children's emotional and physiological regulation, and child functioning. If conditions and mediating variables that foster child dysfunction were better understood, prevention and remediation could be efficiently targeted at children and families at risk. Long range plans include: (a) explication of developmental trajectories associated with marital violence, children's emotional and physiological regulation, and their adjustment, cognitive functioning, and academic performance within an emotional reactivity and regulation framework; and (b) development and refinement of heuristic theoretical models to guide research, prevention, and intervention in this area. The specific aim is to examine children's emotional and physiological reactivity and regulation as pathways and moderators in the associations between marital psychological aggression and physical violence (collectively referred to as marital aggression) and child outcomes including adjustment, cognitive functioning, and academic performance cross-sectionally and longitudinally. These associations are examined within an integrated conceptual model, namely the emotional security framework (Cummings & Davies, 1996). Three hundred and sixty children, 7-8 years at T1, will be recruited from schools, and will participate in well-established laboratory procedures to examine their cognitive processing, and emotional and physiological reactivity and regulation. Multi-method/dimension assessment of marital psychological abuse and physical violence, emotional and physiological reactivity and regulation, as well as child functioning, are proposed to examine developmental pathways. In a longitudinal design, families will also participate in second (T2), and third (T3) waves of data collection, with a 1-year lag between each data collection wave. General hypotheses are: (1) higher levels of both child emotional reactivity and dysregulation, as well as sympathetic nervous system activity, will be associated with marital aggression, explain unique variance in child outcomes after controlling for the effects of marital aggression, and mediate child problems; and (2) greater vagal regulation will moderate relations between marital aggression and children's adjustment, academic and cognitive performance, and demonstrate a protective function. [unreadable] [unreadable]
Funding Period: 2004-06-01 - 2009-03-31
more information: NIH RePORT

Top Publications

  1. pmc Codevelopment of externalizing and internalizing symptoms in middle to late childhood: sex, baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia reactivity as predictors
    J Benjamin Hinnant
    Department of Psychology, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 25:419-36. 2013
  2. pmc Marital conflict and growth in children's internalizing symptoms: the role of autonomic nervous system activity
    Mona El-Sheikh
    Human Development and Family Studies, 203 Spidle Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    Dev Psychol 49:92-108. 2013
  3. pmc Children's sleep and adjustment: a residualized change analysis
    Mona El-Sheikh
    Human Development and Family Studies, 203, Spidle Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    Dev Psychol 49:1591-601. 2013
  4. doi Longitudinal relations between marital aggression and children's sleep: the role of emotional insecurity
    Ryan J Kelly
    Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    J Fam Psychol 27:282-92. 2013
  5. pmc Marital conflict, allostatic load, and the development of children's fluid cognitive performance
    J Benjamin Hinnant
    The Catholic University of America
    Child Dev 84:2003-14. 2013
  6. pmc Reciprocal pathways between intimate partner violence and sleep in men and women
    Amy J Rauer
    Human Development and Family Studies, 203 Spidle Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    J Fam Psychol 26:470-7. 2012
  7. pmc Trajectories of children's internalizing symptoms: the role of maternal internalizing symptoms, respiratory sinus arrhythmia and child sex
    Emily K Wetter
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 53:168-77. 2012
  8. pmc Children's sleep and cognitive performance: a cross-domain analysis of change over time
    Kristen L Bub
    Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    Dev Psychol 47:1504-14. 2011
  9. pmc Marital conflict, respiratory sinus arrhythmia, and allostatic load: interrelations and associations with the development of children's externalizing behavior
    Mona El-Sheikh
    Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 23:815-29. 2011
  10. pmc Children's internalizing symptoms: the role of interactions between cortisol and respiratory sinus arrhythmia
    Mona El-Sheikh
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, 203 Spidle Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    Physiol Behav 103:225-32. 2011

Detail Information

Publications20

  1. pmc Codevelopment of externalizing and internalizing symptoms in middle to late childhood: sex, baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia reactivity as predictors
    J Benjamin Hinnant
    Department of Psychology, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 25:419-36. 2013
    ..Results are discussed in the context of developmental psychobiology and implications for the codevelopment of psychopathology symptoms in childhood...
  2. pmc Marital conflict and growth in children's internalizing symptoms: the role of autonomic nervous system activity
    Mona El-Sheikh
    Human Development and Family Studies, 203 Spidle Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    Dev Psychol 49:92-108. 2013
    ..Findings support the importance of concurrent examinations of environmental risk factors and physiological activity for better prediction of the development of anxiety and depression symptoms...
  3. pmc Children's sleep and adjustment: a residualized change analysis
    Mona El-Sheikh
    Human Development and Family Studies, 203, Spidle Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    Dev Psychol 49:1591-601. 2013
    ....
  4. doi Longitudinal relations between marital aggression and children's sleep: the role of emotional insecurity
    Ryan J Kelly
    Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    J Fam Psychol 27:282-92. 2013
    ..Findings add to this emerging literature and illustrate the importance of considering sleep in the family context...
  5. pmc Marital conflict, allostatic load, and the development of children's fluid cognitive performance
    J Benjamin Hinnant
    The Catholic University of America
    Child Dev 84:2003-14. 2013
    ..Findings suggest that stress may affect development of physiological systems regulating attention, which are tied to the development of fluid cognitive performance...
  6. pmc Reciprocal pathways between intimate partner violence and sleep in men and women
    Amy J Rauer
    Human Development and Family Studies, 203 Spidle Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    J Fam Psychol 26:470-7. 2012
    ....
  7. pmc Trajectories of children's internalizing symptoms: the role of maternal internalizing symptoms, respiratory sinus arrhythmia and child sex
    Emily K Wetter
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 53:168-77. 2012
    ..We assessed trajectories of children's internalizing symptoms as predicted by interactions among maternal internalizing symptoms, respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and child sex...
  8. pmc Children's sleep and cognitive performance: a cross-domain analysis of change over time
    Kristen L Bub
    Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    Dev Psychol 47:1504-14. 2011
    ....
  9. pmc Marital conflict, respiratory sinus arrhythmia, and allostatic load: interrelations and associations with the development of children's externalizing behavior
    Mona El-Sheikh
    Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 23:815-29. 2011
    ..Findings for girls were more mixed. Results are discussed in the context of developmental psychobiology, allostatic load, and implications for the development of psychopathology...
  10. pmc Children's internalizing symptoms: the role of interactions between cortisol and respiratory sinus arrhythmia
    Mona El-Sheikh
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, 203 Spidle Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    Physiol Behav 103:225-32. 2011
    ..Findings demonstrate that contemporaneous consideration of physiological activity across multiple systems can advance understanding of internalizing symptoms in children...
  11. pmc Sleeping with one eye open: marital abuse as an antecedent of poor sleep
    Amy J Rauer
    Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    J Fam Psychol 24:667-77. 2010
    ....
  12. pmc Children and violence: the role of children's regulation in the marital aggression-child adjustment link
    E Mark Cummings
    University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 12:3-15. 2009
    ....
  13. pmc Developmental trajectories of skin conductance level in middle childhood: sex, race, and externalizing behavior problems as predictors of growth
    Mona El-Sheikh
    Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, United States
    Biol Psychol 83:116-24. 2010
    ....
  14. pmc Relations between mucosal immunity and children's mental health: the role of child sex
    Peggy S Keller
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    Physiol Behav 101:705-12. 2010
    ..Structural equation models were fit to the data, and indicated that greater levels of salivary IL-6 and SIgA were associated with adjustment problems more strongly for girls than for boys...
  15. pmc Developmental trajectories of respiratory sinus arrhythmia and preejection period in middle childhood
    J Benjamin Hinnant
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 53:59-68. 2011
    ..Findings extend basic knowledge in developmental biopsychology and have implications for research focusing on ANS measures as important predictors, moderators, and mediators of childhood adaptation...
  16. pmc Developmental trajectories of delinquency symptoms in childhood: the role of marital conflict and autonomic nervous system activity
    Mona El-Sheikh
    Human Development and Family Studies, 203 Spidle Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5214, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 120:16-32. 2011
    ..Results are discussed in the context of interactions between biology and environment as relevant to the development of psychopathology...
  17. pmc Skin conductance level reactivity moderates the association between harsh parenting and growth in child externalizing behavior
    Stephen A Erath
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    Dev Psychol 47:693-706. 2011
    ..Results are discussed from a developmental psychopathology perspective with reference to models of antisocial behavior in childhood...
  18. pmc Harsh parenting and child externalizing behavior: skin conductance level reactivity as a moderator
    Stephen A Erath
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, 203 Spidle Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    Child Dev 80:578-92. 2009
    ..SCLR may be a more robust moderator among boys compared to girls. Results are discussed with regard to theories on antisocial behavior and multiple-domain models of child development...
  19. pmc Marital psychological and physical aggression and children's mental and physical health: direct, mediated, and moderated effects
    Mona El-Sheikh
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:138-48. 2008
    ..No differences were found in these pathways for African American and European American families or as a function of socioeconomic status or child gender...