Topoisomerase II Site-Directed Alkylation of DNA
Principal Investigator: L H Hurley
Abstract: DESCRIPTION: (provided by applicant) Psorospermin is a plant natural product that has demonstrated in vitro and in vivo activity against dmg resistant leukemia and lymphoma. We have previously demonstrated that this compound is a topoisomerase II poison, but is unique in that alkylation of DNA by psorospermin is a topoisomerase 11-mediated process. Because of the unique mechanism of action of this compound and insights into the molecular pharmacology and molecular biology of drug refractory leukemia and low-grade, mantle cell lymphoma, we have devised strategies to selectively target these cancers. The specific aims of this proposal are: 1. the synthesis of psorospermin and its analogues. 2. the biochemical and biological evaluation of psorospermin and a restricted set of analogues in in vitro and cell-free systems. 3. the evaluation of psorospermin analogues from a parallel synthesis program to down-regulate overexpressed oncogenes such as BCL-2 by site-directed alkylation using topoisomerase II. A variety of techniques, including solution and parallel synthesis, in vitro cytotoxicity assays, DNA chip array analysis, gel electrophoresis, promoter assays, and LM-PCR, will be used to carry out these objectives.
Funding Period: 1989-05-01 - 2008-02-28
more information: NIH RePORT
- Psorospermin structural requirements for P-glycoprotein resistance reversalSteven S Carey
BIO5 Collaborative Research Institute, University of Arizona, 1657 East Helen Street, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Mol Cancer Ther 7:3617-23. 2008..By understanding the mechanism of psorospermin-induced MDR modulation, psorospermin and similar compounds can be combined with other chemotherapies to treat resistant cancers...