Local Therapy of Breast Cancer in Community Populations

Summary

Principal Investigator: Nancy Keating
Abstract: Guidelines and consensus statements for the treatment of early-stage breast cancer state that: (a) breast conservation offers survival rates equivalent to mastectomy and (b) patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery (BCS) should also receive radiation. These statements are based on clinical trial data; however, only 2.5% of cancer patients enroll in clinical trials, and therefore, findings from trials do not always provide definitive guidance for the treatment of all patients. Those who enroll in clinical trials tend to be younger and healthier than other patients and they are typically cared for by providers who practice at or are affiliated with cancer centers. Moreover, clinical trials may be underpowered to assess outcomes among subgroups of patients with certain demographic or clinical characteristics. Through careful design and analysis, observational data may address questions regarding treatment effectiveness that are not feasible to answer within the context of randomized trials. In this study, we will use propensity score techniques to examine survival for up to 10 years after local treatment of breast cancer among community-based cohorts of women living in various regions of the U.S. We will assess outcomes among all women and among subgroups of women, such as older women, women with more comorbid illness, and women with advanced tumors, for whom few clinical trial data are available to guide treatment decisions. The cohorts include 63,750 women living in a SEER region and diagnosed with stage I or II breast cancer during 1991-2002 and included in the SEER-Medicare database and 3,828 women in Minnesota or Massachusetts and diagnosed with stage I or II breast cancer during 1993-1995. Specifically, we will: 1. Assess whether long-term survival for mastectomy versus BCS with radiation is equivalent across clinically distinct groups of women with early-stage breast cancer in community populations. 2. Assess whether long-term survival is equivalent among women with early-stage breast cancer who do and do not undergo radiation therapy following BCS in community populations. 3. Assess the robustness of our estimates of treatment effectiveness obtained for Aim 1 and Aim 2 using instrumental variable techniques. By providing reliable estimates of treatment effectiveness, the proposed work will help clinicians guide treatment choices for women with early-stage breast cancer, including women for whom few clinical trial data are available, such as older women, women with more comorbid illness, or women with more advanced tumors. Moreover, the work will provide insight into different techniques for the analysis of observational data.
Funding Period: 2005-04-05 - 2009-02-28
more information: NIH RePORT

Top Publications

  1. pmc Outcomes following local therapy for early-stage breast cancer in non-trial populations
    Nancy L Keating
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 125:803-13. 2011
  2. pmc Factors influencing changes in employment among women with newly diagnosed breast cancer
    Michael J Hassett
    Center for Outcomes and Policy Research, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Cancer 115:2775-82. 2009

Detail Information

Publications2

  1. pmc Outcomes following local therapy for early-stage breast cancer in non-trial populations
    Nancy L Keating
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 125:803-13. 2011
    ..These findings are reassuring in light of recent trends towards more aggressive primary breast cancer therapy...
  2. pmc Factors influencing changes in employment among women with newly diagnosed breast cancer
    Michael J Hassett
    Center for Outcomes and Policy Research, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Cancer 115:2775-82. 2009
    ..The authors of this report assessed whether chemotherapy or radiation therapy was associated with a disruption in employment during the year after a breast cancer diagnosis...