Center on the Demography and Economics of Health and Aging
Principal Investigator: Jay Bhattacharya
Abstract: DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Stanford Center on Demography and Economics of Health and Aging (CDEHA) promotes the study of trends in demography, economics, health, and health care, and the effects of these trends on the wellbeing of the elderly. Its program areas are: 1) Effects of medical technology on costs, health outcomes, physical and psychological well-being, and health care decisions of the elderly. 2) Longitudinal and cohort studies of medical care, costs, and health and economic outcomes of older populations, in the United States and other countries, with particular emphasis on economic and health interest in outcome disparities. 3) Application of demographic techniques, including biodemography, to understand changes in survival, health, and well-being among the elderly over time. 4) Promotion of research in the demography and economics of aging at Stanford and in collaborating institutions, including other demography centers. Support is proposed for administrative and communications infrastructure (Core A);new project development (Core B);and external research resources support and dissemination (Core D). Each of these cores supplement existing support for ongoing activities in the medical school, economics department, Morrison Institute for Population and Resource Studies, and the Center for Health Policy/Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research. An Advisory Committee will be responsible for oversight of CDEHA activities. Benefiting from a University environment supportive of multidisciplinary research, CDEHA has access to a unique combination of clinical expertise and strength in economics and other disciplines relevant to the program areas;the ability to draw upon an extensive foundation of ongoing projects and research support;and collections of U.S. and international data relevant to the program areas, along with the expertise to work with large longitudinal databases. The proposed center will support enhanced communications, seminars, educational workshops, and research development. It incorporates mechanisms to attract trainees and junior faculty. CDEHA has already attracted faculty at Stanford and collaborating institutions to research on the demography and economics of health and aging, and has served as the core of a growing body of research that has been able to attract substantial funding. Its renewal will help ensure the continued vitality and growth of this endeavor. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The Stanford Center on the Demography and Economics of Health and Aging (CDEHA) was established to promote the study of trends in demography, economics, health and health care of the elderly.
Funding Period: 1999-08-15 - 2014-06-30
more information: NIH RePORT
- Who searches the internet for health information?M Kate Bundorf
Stanford University School of Medicine, HRP Redwood Building, Room 108, Stanford, CA 94305 5405, USA
Health Serv Res 41:819-36. 2006..To determine what types of consumers use the Internet as a source of health information...
- The relation of price of antiretroviral drugs and foreign assistance with coverage of HIV treatment in Africa: retrospective studyEran Bendavid
Division of General Internal Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
BMJ 341:c6218. 2010..To determine the association of reductions in price of antiretroviral drugs and foreign assistance for HIV with coverage of antiretroviral treatment...
- The potential impact of comparative effectiveness research on U.S. health care expendituresDaniella J Perlroth
Stanford Health Policy, Stanford University, 105 Encina Commons, Stanford, CA 94305 6019, USA
Demography 47:S173-90. 2010..These results imply that if patient management strategies were shifted to those supported by CER-based criteria, an estimated $1.7 to $3.0 billion (2009 present value) could be saved each year...
- Comparative analysis of old-age mortality estimations in AfricaEran Bendavid
Division of General Internal Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e26607. 2011..These estimates are important for social planning and demographic projections. We provide direct estimations of older-age mortality using survey data...
- United States aid policy and induced abortion in sub-Saharan AfricaEran Bendavid
Department of Medicine, Stanford University, 251 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, United States of America
Bull World Health Organ 89:873-880C. 2011..To determine whether the Mexico City Policy, a United States government policy that prohibits funding to nongovernmental organizations performing or promoting abortion, was associated with the induced abortion rate in sub-Saharan Africa...
- HIV development assistance and adult mortality in AfricaEran Bendavid
Division of General Medical Disciplines, Center for Health Policy, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
JAMA 307:2060-7. 2012..The initiative's effect on all-cause adult mortality is unknown...
- Implications of metric choice for common applications of readmission metricsSheryl Davies
Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, CA
Health Serv Res 48:1978-95. 2013..To quantify the differential impact on hospital performance of three readmission metrics: all-cause readmission (ACR), 3M Potential Preventable Readmission (PPR), and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid 30-day readmission (CMS)...
- Affective traits link to reliable neural markers of incentive anticipationCharlene C Wu
Psychology and Neuroscience, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Neuroimage 84:279-89. 2014..The findings thus reveal neural markers for affective dimensions of healthy personality, and potentially for related psychiatric symptoms. ..
- Palm oil taxes and cardiovascular disease mortality in India: economic-epidemiologic modelSanjay Basu
Prevention Research Center, and Center on Poverty and Inequality, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
BMJ 347:f6048. 2013..To examine the potential effect of a tax on palm oil on hyperlipidemia and on mortality due to cardiovascular disease in India...
- Limitations of using same-hospital readmission metricsSheryl M Davies
117 Encina Commons, Stanford, CA 94305
Int J Qual Health Care 25:633-9. 2013..To quantify the limitations associated with restricting readmission metrics to same-hospital only readmission...
- Averting obesity and type 2 diabetes in India through sugar-sweetened beverage taxation: an economic-epidemiologic modeling studySanjay Basu
Prevention Research Center Centers for Health Policy, Primary Care and Outcomes Research Center on Poverty and Inequality and Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 11:e1001582. 2014....
- AIDS and declining support for dependent elderly people in Africa: retrospective analysis using demographic and health surveysTim Kautz
Department of Economics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
BMJ 340:c2841. 2010..To determine the relation between the HIV/AIDS epidemic and support for dependent elderly people in Africa...
- Long-term and short-term changes in antihypertensive prescribing by office-based physicians in the United StatesRandall S Stafford
Program on Prevention Outcomes and Practices, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA
Hypertension 48:213-8. 2006..The recorded long- and short-term trends indicate that evidence-based clinical recommendations had an impact on antihypertensive prescribing practices, but the magnitude of impact may be smaller and of more limited duration than desired...
- Changes in antihypertensive prescribing during US outpatient visits for uncomplicated hypertension between 1993 and 2004Jun Ma
Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford, CA 94305 5705, USA
Hypertension 48:846-52. 2006..Evidence-based guidelines for antihypertensive drug therapy do impact physician prescribing, but the impact seems to be short lived. Future interventions are imperative for promoting long-term adherence to published guidelines...
- Systematic review: the safety and efficacy of growth hormone in the healthy elderlyHau Liu
Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 6019, USA
Ann Intern Med 146:104-15. 2007..Human growth hormone (GH) is widely used as an antiaging therapy, although its use for this purpose has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and its distribution as an antiaging agent is illegal in the United States...
- Influence of race on inpatient treatment intensity at the end of lifeAmber E Barnato
Center for Research on Health Care, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
J Gen Intern Med 22:338-45. 2007..To examine inpatient intensive care unit (ICU) and intensive procedure use by race among Medicare decedents, using utilization among survivors for comparison...
- Anticipation of monetary gain but not loss in healthy older adultsGregory R Samanez-Larkin
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Jordan Hall, Building 420, Stanford, California 94305 2130, USA
Nat Neurosci 10:787-91. 2007..These findings suggest that there is an asymmetry in the processing of gains and losses in older adults that may have implications for decision-making...
- Using pedometers to increase physical activity and improve health: a systematic reviewDena M Bravata
Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
JAMA 298:2296-304. 2007..Without detailed evidence of their effectiveness, pedometers have recently become popular as a tool for motivating physical activity...
- Screening, treatment, and control of hypertension in US private physician offices, 2003-2004Jun Ma
Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute, 795 El Camino Real, Stanford, CA 94301, USA
Hypertension 51:1275-81. 2008..1 to 2.4). In conclusion, more intervention efforts are needed to further reduce the gaps and variations in routine practice in relation to evidence-based practice guidelines for hypertension screening, treatment, and control...
- Individual differences in insular sensitivity during loss anticipation predict avoidance learningGregory R Samanez-Larkin
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 2130, USA
Psychol Sci 19:320-3. 2008..These findings suggest that in addition to correlating with self-reported anxiety, heightened insular sensitivity may promote learning to avoid loss...
- Future costs and the future of cost-effectiveness analysisAlan M Garber
Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Center for Health Policy, VA Palo Alto Health Care System and Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, United States
J Health Econ 27:819-21. 2008
- Affect dynamics, affective forecasting, and agingLisbeth Nielsen
Stanford University corrected USA
Emotion 8:318-30. 2008..Overall, the findings are consistent with a growing literature suggesting that older people experience less negative emotion than their younger counterparts and further suggest that they may better predict dynamic changes in affect...
- Cost-effectiveness of HIV screening in patients older than 55 years of ageGillian D Sanders
Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North Carolina 27715, USA
Ann Intern Med 148:889-903. 2008..Recent guidelines recommend HIV screening in patients age 13 to 64 years. The cost-effectiveness of HIV screening in patients age 55 to 75 years is uncertain...
- Simple counts of ADL dependencies do not adequately reflect older adults' preferences toward states of functional impairmentTamara Sims
Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, 117 Encina Commons, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 6019, United States
J Clin Epidemiol 61:1261-70. 2008..To test this assumption, we analyzed standard gamble (SG) utilities of single and combination ADL dependencies among older adults...
- The incidence of the healthcare costs of obesityJay Bhattacharya
Stanford University, School of Medicine, United States
J Health Econ 28:649-58. 2009..A substantial part of the lower wages among obese women attributed to labor market discrimination can be explained by their higher health insurance premiums...
- Choice set size and decision making: the case of Medicare Part D prescription drug plansM Kate Bundorf
Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Med Decis Making 30:582-93. 2010..The impact of choice on consumer decision making is controversial in US health policy...
- Expected value information improves financial risk taking across the adult life spanGregory R Samanez-Larkin
Jordan Hall, Building 420, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305 2130, USA
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 6:207-17. 2011....
- STUDIES OF JOINT AGING AND OSTEOARTHRITISMartin K Lotz; Fiscal Year: 2013..Sah) will analyze biomechanical mechanisms of early and advanced cartilage degeneration and determine consequences for chondrocyte function and survival. ..