Experience Corps Trial: Improving Health of Older Populations through Generativit

Summary

Principal Investigator: Linda P Fried
Affiliation: Johns Hopkins University
Country: USA
Abstract: With the number of older adults expected to double and the proportion of people 65 and older expected to rise to 22% by 2020, it is critical to develop and test population-based approaches for large scale, effective health promotion for our aging society. This will permit evidence-based decisions as to how to deploy resources in order to have optimal impact on the health of older adults. This Administrative Core supports the operations and overall coordination of a program project dedicated to contributing to this goal by conducting a randomized, controlled trial of the Experience Corps program and its cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit impact locally and societally. This program is a senior volunteer program which places people 60 and older in meaningful roles in public elementary schools, roles designed to have high impact on childrens' outcomes; the program attracts and retains older adults, 15 hours per week, for its opportunity to give back. However, designed into the program is a health promotion program, intending to increase social, cognitive and physical activity. This proposal will, in a University-community-city collaboration, conduct a rigorous evaluation of the impact of the scaled-up program through a randomized controlled evaluation: of older volunteers to determine whether Experience Corps prevents or slows physical disability, falls and cognitive decline (Project 1); of schools, to determine if children improve academically, behaviorally and in readiness to learn as a result of the social capital offered by Experience Corps and, hence, our aging society (Project 2); of the potential mechanisms of program action on brain structure and executive function (Project 3); of program effects on social and psychological mechanisms and outcomes (Project 4); and, finally, we will conduct a cost-benefit analysis of the program, taking impact on both older adults and children into account. The work of the 5 projects and 3 supporting cores will be mutually interconnected and synergistic, and will be interdigitated through a Steering Committee and an Executive Committee operated within this Administrative Core (Core A). This Core will project coordination and interdigitation, overall organization and budget management for all Projects and cores, monitor progress and effectiveness, produce reports, organize DSMB meetings, and coordinate community relations. Overall, this program project is designed to evaluate the utility and effectiveness of Experience Corps as a social model for health promotionfor an aging society.
Funding Period: 2006-07-01 - 2011-06-30
more information: NIH RePORT

Top Publications

  1. pmc The evolution of an academic-community partnership in the design, implementation, and evaluation of experience corpsĀ® Baltimore city: a courtship model
    Erwin J Tan
    Address correspondence to Erwin J Tan, The Corporation for National and Community Service, Senior Corps, 1201 New York Ave NW, Washington, DC 20005 E mail
    Gerontologist 54:314-21. 2014
  2. pmc Antihypertensive drugs decrease risk of Alzheimer disease: Ginkgo Evaluation of Memory Study
    Sevil Yasar
    The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Neurology 81:896-903. 2013
  3. doi Cardiovascular risks and brain function: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of executive function in older adults
    Yi Fang Chuang
    Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 35:1396-403. 2014
  4. pmc Marketing public health through older adult volunteering: Experience Corps as a social marketing intervention
    Erwin J Tan
    Johns Hopkins Center on Aging and Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:727-34. 2010
  5. pmc Blunted diurnal decline of cortisol among older adults with low socioeconomic status
    Owhofasa O Agbedia
    Department of Mental Health and Center on Aging and Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1231:56-64. 2011
  6. pmc Potential for intensive volunteering to promote the health of older adults in fair health
    Jeremy S Barron
    Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 5505 Hopkins Bayview Circle, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    J Urban Health 86:641-53. 2009

Scientific Experts

  • Erwin J Tan
  • Jeremy S Barron
  • Linda P Fried
  • Michelle C Carlson
  • Yi Fang Chuang
  • Sevil Yasar
  • George W Rebok
  • Qian Li Xue
  • Owhofasa O Agbedia
  • Gregory Harris
  • Dana Eldreth
  • Kirk I Erickson
  • Vijay Varma
  • Elizabeth K Tanner
  • Steven T DeKosky
  • Kaycee M Sink
  • Carla I Mercado
  • Curt D Furberg
  • Wenliang Yao
  • Annette L Fitzpatrick
  • Claudia H Kawas
  • Jeff D Williamson
  • Jin Xia
  • Teresa E Seeman
  • Jeanine M Parisi
  • Vijay R Varma
  • Gregory C Harris
  • Lingsheng Li
  • Sylvia McGill
  • Christopher L Seplaki
  • Elizabeth Tanner

Detail Information

Publications9

  1. pmc The evolution of an academic-community partnership in the design, implementation, and evaluation of experience corpsĀ® Baltimore city: a courtship model
    Erwin J Tan
    Address correspondence to Erwin J Tan, The Corporation for National and Community Service, Senior Corps, 1201 New York Ave NW, Washington, DC 20005 E mail
    Gerontologist 54:314-21. 2014
    ..We describe the evolution of the GHCC-COAH partnership through the "Courtship Model."..
  2. pmc Antihypertensive drugs decrease risk of Alzheimer disease: Ginkgo Evaluation of Memory Study
    Sevil Yasar
    The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Neurology 81:896-903. 2013
    ....
  3. doi Cardiovascular risks and brain function: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of executive function in older adults
    Yi Fang Chuang
    Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 35:1396-403. 2014
    ..Increased activation of the inferior parietal region may offer a pathway through which CV risk increases risk for cognitive impairment...
  4. pmc Marketing public health through older adult volunteering: Experience Corps as a social marketing intervention
    Erwin J Tan
    Johns Hopkins Center on Aging and Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:727-34. 2010
    ....
  5. pmc Blunted diurnal decline of cortisol among older adults with low socioeconomic status
    Owhofasa O Agbedia
    Department of Mental Health and Center on Aging and Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1231:56-64. 2011
    ..These findings confirm prior evidence of a biologic pathway through which socioeconomic disadvantage is linked to biologic vulnerability, and through which the impact of volunteer service in Experience Corps may be measured...
  6. pmc Potential for intensive volunteering to promote the health of older adults in fair health
    Jeremy S Barron
    Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 5505 Hopkins Bayview Circle, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    J Urban Health 86:641-53. 2009
    ..Productive activity such as volunteering may be an effective community-based approach to health promotion for older adults...