Thrombus resolution is CXC chemokine dependent
Principal Investigator: P K Henke
Abstract: DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Long term objectives: The proposed studies, coupled with closely mentored laboratory guidance, seminars and course work will significantly broaden the applicant's scientific education and lead to an independent investigator status. Research: Unlike much arterial vascular disease, venous thrombotic disease lacks a consistently effective therapeutic approach outside of anticoagulation prophylaxis and treatment. Deep venous thrombosis resolution involves inflammatory mediator and cellular responses similar to the wound healing process. Chemokines are central to many inflammatory processes. The CXC subfamily are primary chemoattractants and activators of PMNs, and are directly proangiogenic. This proposal will utilize cell culture and two small animal models of DVT to answer the following specific aims: 1) To define the role of CXC chemokines and their effector leukocytes on molecular and cellular deep vein thrombosis resolution, 2) To determine the in vitro role of CXC chemokines on neutrophil derived fibrincilytic and angiogenic mediators, and 3) To determine the role of neutrophils and the effect of exogenous proangiogenic and angiostatic CXC chemokines on physiological deep vein thrombosis resolution. Molecular biological, immunological, as well as in vitro and in vivo angiogenesis bioassays, in conjunction with physiologic assays, will be used to achieve the above aims. Defining the basic chemokine mediated DVT resolution pathophysiology will potentially yield phamacologic or cellular based therapies to hasten DVT resolution for decreased peri-thrombotic inflammation, decreased vein wall damage, and decreased risk of pulmonary embolism.
Funding Period: 2002-08-01 - 2007-06-30
more information: NIH RePORT
- Neutrophils modulate post-thrombotic vein wall remodeling but not thrombus neovascularizationPeter K Henke
University of Michigan Health System, 1500 E Medical Center Drive, 2210 Taubman Health Care Center, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0329 USA
Thromb Haemost 95:272-81. 2006..4-fold larger thrombi (P < .05). These data suggest a critical early role for PMN in post DVT vein wall remodeling...
- Plasmin inhibition increases MMP-9 activity and decreases vein wall stiffness during venous thrombosis resolutionNicholas A Dewyer
Jobst Vascular Surgery Laboratory, Section of Vascular Surgery, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
J Surg Res 142:357-63. 2007..This study tested the hypothesis that pharmacological inhibition of the plasmin system would impair DVT resolution and worsen vein wall damage...