SHARE India University Pittsburgh Population and Intervention Research Training

Summary

Principal Investigator: Clareann H Bunker
Abstract: India is facing epidemics of non-communicable diseases, particularly diabetes, cardiovascular disease and stroke. The need for public health researchers is critical. Health research training has primarily been obtained abroad. The usual engines for health research, schools of public health, and a strong research culture in medical schools, have been absent in India. Our proposed training program evolves from a vigorous collaboration between the University of Pittsburgh and SHARE India/MediCiti Institute of Medical Sciences (MIMS) located in Ghanpur Village on the northern outskirts of Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. SHARE India/MIMS, a medical school, teaching hospital, and research institute, serves a rural, primarily agrarian population. SHARE India Research Institute has established a research infrastructure which includes census, household structure, and GPS location for a geographically defined population of 47,000 residents. This population is expected to be subjected to encroaching urbanism, and to progress toward high risk for non-communicable diseases during the next decade. Stroke is already a significant burden. Large cohort studies across the life-span are underway in collaboration with the University of Pittsburgh. A number of MIMS established faculty clinicians and medical students are becoming engaged in population research but are hampered by lack of research skills. Our objectives are to build a sustainable research culture by a multi-layer training program based primarily in India, but employing the considerable expertise in training and mentoring in cohort and intervention studies at the University of Pittsburgh: 1. Short term training to support two senior administrative positions, Director of a newly established Office of Research (research administration), Chair of the Ethics Committee 2. Long term training leading to a PhD in Public Health to support a position of Director of Research to lead the research program and to lead the development of a teaching program in research methods 3. Long term training for one faculty leading to a post graduate diploma in biostatistics and data management to provide research collaboration and teaching capability 4. Long term training for four mid-level faculty, post-doctoral fellowships focused on epidemiology, biostatistics, and writing skills in order to be able to: design and conduct independent research; compete successfully for research funding;and to mentor medical students in conducting research 5. Short term training in epidemiology, biostatistics and data management for six research staff members. 6. Annual week-long short course in research methods to spur the growth of interest in research. The long term research goals of SHARE INDIA/MIMS are population-based implementation and intervention studies to prevent or reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases.
Funding Period: 2011-08-08 - 2016-07-31
more information: NIH RePORT

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Evaluation of adjustment methods used to determine prevalence of low birth-weight babies at a rural hospital in Andhra Pradesh, India
    C Rekha
    Sr Resident, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mediciti Institute of Medical Sciences, SHARE INDIA, Ghanpur, Medchal Mandal, Ranga Reddy District, AP, India
    Indian J Public Health 57:177-80. 2013

Research Grants

  1. Harvard Transdisciplinary Research in Energetics and Cancer Center
    Frank B Hu; Fiscal Year: 2013
  2. Peruvian/Brazilian Amazon Center of Excellence in Malaria
    Joseph M Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2013
  3. Hopkins Center for Eliminate Cardiovascular Health Disparities
    Lisa A Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2013
  4. Rush Center for Urban Health Equity
    Lynda H Powell; Fiscal Year: 2013
  5. Alzheimer's Disease Research Center
    Thomas J Montine; Fiscal Year: 2013
  6. Claude D. Pepper OAIC
    Miriam C Morey; Fiscal Year: 2013
  7. NBER CENTER FOR AGING AND HEALTH RESEARCH
    DAVID A WISE; Fiscal Year: 2013
  8. University of Rochester Center for AIDS Research
    Stephen Dewhurst; Fiscal Year: 2013
  9. DRUG DEPENDENCE CLINICAL RESEARCH PROGRAM
    Reese T Jones; Fiscal Year: 2013

Detail Information

Publications1

  1. ncbi Evaluation of adjustment methods used to determine prevalence of low birth-weight babies at a rural hospital in Andhra Pradesh, India
    C Rekha
    Sr Resident, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mediciti Institute of Medical Sciences, SHARE INDIA, Ghanpur, Medchal Mandal, Ranga Reddy District, AP, India
    Indian J Public Health 57:177-80. 2013
    ..4%). Conventional methods of adjusting birth-weight data underestimate the prevalence of LBW. Sensitive digital weighing machines or better adjustment methods are needed to monitor LBW in developing countries. ..

Research Grants30

  1. Harvard Transdisciplinary Research in Energetics and Cancer Center
    Frank B Hu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By leveraging multiple areas of expertise and different resources within and across TREC centers, we can help further build a unique national resource of energetics and cancer knowledge. ..
  2. Peruvian/Brazilian Amazon Center of Excellence in Malaria
    Joseph M Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We hypothesize that asymptomatic infections may represent a major reservoir of parasites in this region, which is not addressed by traditional malaria control strategies. ..
  3. Hopkins Center for Eliminate Cardiovascular Health Disparities
    Lisa A Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Rush Center for Urban Health Equity
    Lynda H Powell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Funding is now sought to bring these resources together to establish a unique center of excellence in health disparities interventions. ..
  5. Alzheimer's Disease Research Center
    Thomas J Montine; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Montine;Project 2: Therapeutic Effects of Intra-Nasal Insulin Detemir, Dr. Suzanne Craft;Project 3: Modulation of A peptide accumulation and neuron damage in vivo with adult bone marrow transplants, Dr. C. Dirk Keene. ..
  6. Claude D. Pepper OAIC
    Miriam C Morey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A Leadership and Administrative Core will direct and coordinate OAIC activities to ensure continued integration of center activities. ..
  7. NBER CENTER FOR AGING AND HEALTH RESEARCH
    DAVID A WISE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Understanding the complexities of this situation and the relationships between demographics, policy, behavior, economics, and health is the substantive aim of the Center. ..
  8. University of Rochester Center for AIDS Research
    Stephen Dewhurst; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, Aim 5 will stimulate communication and engagement with the full range of communities that the UR CFAR serves. ..
  9. DRUG DEPENDENCE CLINICAL RESEARCH PROGRAM
    Reese T Jones; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..