Gene Symbol: slc45a2
Description: solute carrier family 45, member 2
Alias: aim1, im:7138762, membrane-associated transporter protein, absent in melanoma 1, alb, albino, oca4
Species: zebrafish

Top Publications

  1. Kelsh R, Brand M, Jiang Y, Heisenberg C, Lin S, Haffter P, et al. Zebrafish pigmentation mutations and the processes of neural crest development. Development. 1996;123:369-89 pubmed
    ..In combination with the embryological advantages of zebrafish, these mutations should permit cellular and molecular dissection of many aspects of neural crest development...
  2. Dooley C, Schwarz H, Mueller K, Mongera A, Konantz M, Neuhauss S, et al. Slc45a2 and V-ATPase are regulators of melanosomal pH homeostasis in zebrafish, providing a mechanism for human pigment evolution and disease. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res. 2013;26:205-17 pubmed publisher
    We present here the positional cloning of the Danio rerio albino mutant and show that the affected gene encodes Slc45a2. The human orthologous gene has previously been shown to be involved in human skin color variation, and mutations ..
  3. Haffter P, Odenthal J, Mullins M, Lin S, Farrell M, Vogelsang E, et al. Mutations affecting pigmentation and shape of the adult zebrafish. Dev Genes Evol. 1996;206:260-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Mutations in sandy produced embryos that failed to express tyrosinase activity. These are potentially useful for using tyrosinase as a marker for the generation of transgenic lines of zebrafish. ..
  4. Seberg H, Van Otterloo E, Loftus S, Liu H, Bonde G, Sompallae R, et al. TFAP2 paralogs regulate melanocyte differentiation in parallel with MITF. PLoS Genet. 2017;13:e1006636 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, they suggest that TFAP2A activity, like MITF activity, has the potential to modulate the phenotype of melanoma cells. ..
  5. Wilk M, Huckenpahler A, Collery R, Link B, Carroll J. The Effect of Retinal Melanin on Optical Coherence Tomography Images. Transl Vis Sci Technol. 2017;6:8 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, three wild type, three albino (slc45a2b4/b4 ), and eight tyrosinase mosaic zebrafish were imaged with the hand-held Bioptigen ..
  6. Tsetskhladze Z, Canfield V, Ang K, Wentzel S, Reid K, Berg A, et al. Functional assessment of human coding mutations affecting skin pigmentation using zebrafish. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e47398 pubmed publisher
    ..Two hypomorphic polymorphisms, L374F in SLC45A2, and A111T in SLC24A5, have been linked to lighter skin color in Europeans...
  7. Wu L, Wary K, REVSKOY S, Gao X, Tsang K, Komarova Y, et al. Histone Demethylases KDM4A and KDM4C Regulate Differentiation of Embryonic Stem Cells to Endothelial Cells. Stem Cell Reports. 2015;5:10-21 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings together demonstrate the essential role of KDM4A and KDM4C in orchestrating mESC differentiation to endothelial cells through the activation of Flk1 and VE-cadherin promoters, respectively. ..
  8. Paksa A, Bandemer J, Hoeckendorf B, Razin N, Tarbashevich K, Minina S, et al. Repulsive cues combined with physical barriers and cell-cell adhesion determine progenitor cell positioning during organogenesis. Nat Commun. 2016;7:11288 pubmed publisher
    ..The combination of these developmental and cellular mechanisms prevents organ fusion, controls organ positioning and is thus critical for its proper function. ..
  9. Cechmanek P, McFarlane S. Retinal pigment epithelium expansion around the neural retina occurs in two separate phases with distinct mechanisms. Dev Dyn. 2017;246:598-609 pubmed publisher
    ..RPE development to produce the monolayer epithelium that covers the back of the neural retina occurs in two distinct phases driven by distinct mechanisms. Developmental Dynamics 246:598-609, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ..

More Information


  1. Huber Reggi S, Chen C, Grimm L, Straumann D, Neuhauss S, Huang M. Severity of infantile nystagmus syndrome-like ocular motor phenotype is linked to the extent of the underlying optic nerve projection defect in zebrafish belladonna mutant. J Neurosci. 2012;32:18079-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data not only give new insights into the etiology of INS but may also be of interest for studies on how the brain deals with and adapts to conflicting inputs. ..
  2. Irion U, Krauss J, Nüsslein Volhard C. Precise and efficient genome editing in zebrafish using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. Development. 2014;141:4827-30 pubmed publisher phenotypic rescue that the CRISPR/Cas system can be used to target and repair a premature stop codon at the albino (alb) locus in zebrafish with high efficiency and precision...