Gene Symbol: PIL1
Description: phytochrome interacting factor 3-like 1
Alias: F14M4.20, phytochrome interacting factor 3-like 1, phytochrome interacting factor 3-like 1
Species: thale cress

Top Publications

  1. Roig Villanova I, Bou J, Sorin C, Devlin P, Martinez Garcia J. Identification of primary target genes of phytochrome signaling. Early transcriptional control during shade avoidance responses in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2006;141:85-96 pubmed
    ..showed that one of the genes identified as a direct target of phy signaling was phy-interacting factor 3-like-1 (PIL1)...
  2. Khanna R, Shen Y, Toledo Ortiz G, Kikis E, Johannesson H, Hwang Y, et al. Functional profiling reveals that only a small number of phytochrome-regulated early-response genes in Arabidopsis are necessary for optimal deetiolation. Plant Cell. 2006;18:2157-71 pubmed
  3. Franklin K, Whitelam G. Light-quality regulation of freezing tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Nat Genet. 2007;39:1410-3 pubmed
  4. Hwang Y, Quail P. Phytochrome-regulated PIL1 derepression is developmentally modulated. Plant Cell Physiol. 2008;49:501-11 pubmed publisher
    We define the photoresponsiveness, during seedling de-etiolation, of PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTOR 3-LIKE 1 (PIL1), initially identified by microarray analysis as an early-response gene that is robustly repressed by first exposure to ..
  5. Li L, Zhang Q, Pedmale U, Nito K, Fu W, Lin L, et al. PIL1 participates in a negative feedback loop that regulates its own gene expression in response to shade. Mol Plant. 2014;7:1582-5 pubmed publisher
  6. Qiu Y, Li M, Pasoreck E, Long L, Shi Y, Galvão R, et al. HEMERA Couples the Proteolysis and Transcriptional Activity of PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTORs in Arabidopsis Photomorphogenesis. Plant Cell. 2015;27:1409-27 pubmed publisher
  7. Makino S, Matsushika A, Kojima M, Yamashino T, Mizuno T. The APRR1/TOC1 quintet implicated in circadian rhythms of Arabidopsis thaliana: I. Characterization with APRR1-overexpressing plants. Plant Cell Physiol. 2002;43:58-69 pubmed
    ..This protein (named PIL1) is similar in its amino acid sequence to PIF3, which has been identified as a phytochrome-interacting ..
  8. Matsushika A, Makino S, Kojima M, Yamashino T, Mizuno T. The APRR1/TOC1 quintet implicated in circadian rhythms of Arabidopsis thaliana: II. Characterization with CCA1-overexpressing plants. Plant Cell Physiol. 2002;43:118-22 pubmed
    ..Taken together, it was suggested that there are intimate and mutual links between these two types of circadian-associated components (APRRs and CCA1). ..
  9. Yamashino T, Matsushika A, Fujimori T, Sato S, Kato T, Tabata S, et al. A Link between circadian-controlled bHLH factors and the APRR1/TOC1 quintet in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Physiol. 2003;44:619-29 pubmed
    ..e. PIF3 and PIL1, which are PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTOR 3 and its homolog (PIF3-LIKE 1), respectively)...

More Information


  1. Yang R, Nishiyama K, Kamiya A, Ukaji Y, Inomata K, Lamparter T. Assembly of synthetic locked phycocyanobilin derivatives with phytochrome in vitro and in vivo in Ceratodon purpureus and Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2012;24:1936-51 pubmed publisher
    ..The induction of phytochrome responses in the hy1 mutant by 15EaPCB were however less efficient than by red light irradiation given to biliverdin-rescued seeds or seedlings. ..
  2. Choi H, Jeong S, Kim D, Na H, Ryu J, Lee S, et al. The homeodomain-leucine zipper ATHB23, a phytochrome B-interacting protein, is important for phytochrome B-mediated red light signaling. Physiol Plant. 2014;150:308-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that the ATHB23 transcription factor is a novel component of the phyB-mediated R light signaling pathway. ..