Gene Symbol: PAL2
Description: phenylalanine ammonia-lyase 2
Alias: ATPAL2, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase 2, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase 2
Species: thale cress
Wanner L, Li G, Ware D, Somssich I, Davis K. The phenylalanine ammonia-lyase gene family in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Mol Biol. 1995;27:327-38 pubmed
..Two A. thaliana PAL genes (PAL1 and PAL2) are structurally similar to PAL genes that have been cloned from other plant species, with a single intron at a ..
Stanley Kim H, Yu Y, Snesrud E, Moy L, Linford L, Haas B, et al
. Transcriptional divergence of the duplicated oxidative stress-responsive genes in the Arabidopsis genome. Plant J. 2005;41:212-20 pubmed
..Examination of the expression patterns of PAL1 and PAL2, ACD1 and ACD2, genes coding for two Hsp20s, various P450s, and electron transfer flavoproteins suggests ..
Olsen K, Lea U, Slimestad R, Verheul M, Lillo C. Differential expression of four Arabidopsis PAL genes; PAL1 and PAL2 have functional specialization in abiotic environmental-triggered flavonoid synthesis. J Plant Physiol. 2008;165:1491-9 pubmed publisher
..Only PAL1 and PAL2 responded strongly to both environmental factors, nitrogen and temperature...
Wong J, Namasivayam P, Abdullah M. The PAL2 promoter activities in relation to structural development and adaptation in Arabidopsis thaliana. Planta. 2012;235:267-77 pubmed publisher
..In Arabidopsis thaliana, the enzyme is encoded by four genes, namely PAL1, PAL2, PAL3, and PAL4 with PAL1 and PAL2 being closely related phylogenetically and functionally...
Zhang X, Gou M, Liu C. Arabidopsis Kelch repeat F-box proteins regulate phenylpropanoid biosynthesis via controlling the turnover of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase. Plant Cell. 2013;25:4994-5010 pubmed publisher
..Characterizing the KFB-mediated proteolysis of PAL enzymes may inform future strategies for manipulating the synthesis of bioactive phenolics. ..
Zhang X, Gou M, Guo C, Yang H, Liu C. Down-regulation of Kelch domain-containing F-box protein in Arabidopsis enhances the production of (poly)phenols and tolerance to ultraviolet radiation. Plant Physiol. 2015;167:337-50 pubmed publisher
..This study offers a biotechnological approach for engineering the production of useful phenolic chemicals and for increasing a plant's resistance to environmental stress. ..