Gene Symbol: MYC2
Description: Basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) DNA-binding family protein
Alias: ATMYC2, F6N18.4, F6N18_4, JAI1, JASMONATE INSENSITIVE 1, JIN1, RD22BP1, ZBF1, Basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) DNA-binding family protein
Species: thale cress
Products:     MYC2

Top Publications

  1. Shin J, Heidrich K, Sánchez Villarreal A, Parker J, Davis S. TIME FOR COFFEE represses accumulation of the MYC2 transcription factor to provide time-of-day regulation of jasmonate signaling in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2012;24:2470-82 pubmed publisher
    ..TIC was found to interact with MYC2, a key transcription factor of JA signaling...
  2. Chini A, Fonseca S, Chico J, Fernández Calvo P, Solano R. The ZIM domain mediates homo- and heteromeric interactions between Arabidopsis JAZ proteins. Plant J. 2009;59:77-87 pubmed publisher
    Discovery of the jasmonate ZIM-domain (JAZ) repressors defined the core jasmonate (JA) signalling module as COI1-JAZ-MYC2, and allowed a full view of the JA signalling pathway from hormone perception to transcriptional reprogramming...
  3. Hou X, Lee L, Xia K, Yan Y, Yu H. DELLAs modulate jasmonate signaling via competitive binding to JAZs. Dev Cell. 2010;19:884-94 pubmed publisher
    ..DELLAs prevent inhibitory JAZ1 interaction with a key transcriptional activator of JA responses, MYC2, and, thus, enhance the ability of MYC2 to regulate its target genes...
  4. Melotto M, Mecey C, Niu Y, Chung H, Katsir L, Yao J, et al. A critical role of two positively charged amino acids in the Jas motif of Arabidopsis JAZ proteins in mediating coronatine- and jasmonoyl isoleucine-dependent interactions with the COI1 F-box protein. Plant J. 2008;55:979-88 pubmed publisher
    ..of these two residues did not affect the ability of JAZ1 and JAZ9 to interact with the transcription factor AtMYC2. Importantly, transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing JAZ1 carrying these two mutations exhibited JA-insensitive ..
  5. Thines B, Katsir L, Melotto M, Niu Y, Mandaokar A, Liu G, et al. JAZ repressor proteins are targets of the SCF(COI1) complex during jasmonate signalling. Nature. 2007;448:661-5 pubmed
  6. Gangappa S, Prasad V, Chattopadhyay S. Functional interconnection of MYC2 and SPA1 in the photomorphogenic seedling development of Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2010;154:1210-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Analyses of atmyc2 spa1 double mutants suggest that whereas MYC2 and SPA1 act redundantly to suppress photomorphogenic growth in the ..
  7. Fernández Calvo P, Chini A, Fernández Barbero G, Chico J, Gimenez Ibanez S, Geerinck J, et al. The Arabidopsis bHLH transcription factors MYC3 and MYC4 are targets of JAZ repressors and act additively with MYC2 in the activation of jasmonate responses. Plant Cell. 2011;23:701-15 pubmed publisher
    ..of transcriptional regulation, only one transcription factor (TF), the Arabidopsis thaliana basic helix-loop-helix MYC2, has been described so far as a direct target of JAZ repressors...
  8. Abe H, Urao T, Ito T, Seki M, Shinozaki K, Yamaguchi Shinozaki K. Arabidopsis AtMYC2 (bHLH) and AtMYB2 (MYB) function as transcriptional activators in abscisic acid signaling. Plant Cell. 2003;15:63-78 pubmed
    ..bHLH- and MYB-related transcription factors, rd22BP1 (renamed AtMYC2) and AtMYB2, interact specifically with the MYC and MYB recognition sites, respectively, in vitro ..
  9. Dombrecht B, Xue G, Sprague S, Kirkegaard J, Ross J, Reid J, et al. MYC2 differentially modulates diverse jasmonate-dependent functions in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2007;19:2225-45 pubmed
    The Arabidopsis thaliana basic helix-loop-helix Leu zipper transcription factor (TF) MYC2/JIN1 differentially regulates jasmonate (JA)-responsive pathogen defense (e.g., PDF1.2) and wound response (e.g., VSP) genes...

More Information


  1. Chini A, Fonseca S, Fernandez G, Adie B, Chico J, Lorenzo O, et al. The JAZ family of repressors is the missing link in jasmonate signalling. Nature. 2007;448:666-71 pubmed
    ..Moreover, JAI3 negatively regulates the key transcriptional activator of jasmonate responses, MYC2. The JAZ family therefore represents the molecular link between the two previously known steps in the jasmonate ..
  2. Chen R, Jiang H, Li L, Zhai Q, Qi L, Zhou W, et al. The Arabidopsis mediator subunit MED25 differentially regulates jasmonate and abscisic acid signaling through interacting with the MYC2 and ABI5 transcription factors. Plant Cell. 2012;24:2898-916 pubmed publisher
    ..that during jasmonate signaling, MED25 physically associates with the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor MYC2 in promoter regions of MYC2 target genes and exerts a positive effect on MYC2-regulated gene transcription...
  3. Chen Q, Sun J, Zhai Q, Zhou W, Qi L, Xu L, et al. The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor MYC2 directly represses PLETHORA expression during jasmonate-mediated modulation of the root stem cell niche in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2011;23:3335-52 pubmed publisher
    ..the effects of jasmonate on root stem cell niche maintenance and PLT expression require the functioning of MYC2/JASMONATE INSENSITIVE1, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that involves versatile aspects of jasmonate-..
  4. Yan Y, Stolz S, Chételat A, Reymond P, Pagni M, Dubugnon L, et al. A downstream mediator in the growth repression limb of the jasmonate pathway. Plant Cell. 2007;19:2470-83 pubmed
    ..Both forms of JAS1 were found to localize to the nucleus in transient expression assays. Physiological tests of growth responses after wounding were consistent with the fact that JAS1 is a repressor of JA-regulated growth retardation. ..
  5. Nakata M, Mitsuda N, Herde M, Koo A, Moreno J, Suzuki K, et al. A bHLH-type transcription factor, ABA-INDUCIBLE BHLH-TYPE TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR/JA-ASSOCIATED MYC2-LIKE1, acts as a repressor to negatively regulate jasmonate signaling in arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2013;25:1641-56 pubmed publisher
    ..that a basic helix-loop-helix-type transcription factor, ABA-INDUCIBLE BHLH-TYPE TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR/JA-ASSOCIATED MYC2-LIKE1 (JAM1), acts as a transcriptional repressor and negatively regulates JA signaling...
  6. Abe H, Yamaguchi Shinozaki K, Urao T, Iwasaki T, Hosokawa D, Shinozaki K. Role of arabidopsis MYC and MYB homologs in drought- and abscisic acid-regulated gene expression. Plant Cell. 1997;9:1859-68 pubmed
    ..binding protein was isolated by DNA-ligand binding screening, using the 67-bp region as a probe, and designated rd22BP1. The rd22BP1 cDNA encodes a 68-kD protein that has a typical DNA binding domain of a basic region helix-loop-..
  7. Rojo E, Titarenko E, Leon J, Berger S, Vancanneyt G, Sánchez Serrano J. Reversible protein phosphorylation regulates jasmonic acid-dependent and -independent wound signal transduction pathways in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 1998;13:153-65 pubmed
    ..JA activation via this pathway was blocked in the A. thaliana JA-insensitive mutants jin1, jin4 and coi1, and by exogenous application of cycloheximide or auxins...
  8. Goossens J, Swinnen G, Vanden Bossche R, Pauwels L, Goossens A. Change of a conserved amino acid in the MYC2 and MYC3 transcription factors leads to release of JAZ repression and increased activity. New Phytol. 2015;206:1229-37 pubmed publisher
    The bHLH transcription factor MYC2, together with its paralogues MYC3 and MYC4, is a master regulator of the response to the jasmonate (JA) hormone in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana)...
  9. Godoy M, Franco Zorrilla J, Pérez Pérez J, Oliveros J, Lorenzo O, Solano R. Improved protein-binding microarrays for the identification of DNA-binding specificities of transcription factors. Plant J. 2011;66:700-11 pubmed publisher
    ..We applied this tool to determine binding site specificities of two Arabidopsis TFs, MYC2 and ERF1, rendering the G-box and the GCC-box, respectively, as their highest-affinity binding sites...
  10. Gangappa S, Maurya J, Yadav V, Chattopadhyay S. The regulation of the Z- and G-box containing promoters by light signaling components, SPA1 and MYC2, in Arabidopsis. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e62194 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the role of downstream signaling components such as SPA1 and MYC2/ZBF1, which are functionally interrelated, remains unknown...
  11. Moreno J, Shyu C, Campos M, Patel L, Chung H, Yao J, et al. Negative feedback control of jasmonate signaling by an alternative splice variant of JAZ10. Plant Physiol. 2013;162:1006-17 pubmed publisher the highly conserved Jas motif, which mediates both JAZ degradation and JAZ binding to the transcription factor MYC2. Rapid expression of JAZ genes in response to JA is thought to attenuate JA responses, but little is known about ..
  12. Yastreb T, Kolupaev Y, Lugovaya A, Dmitriev A. [Content of Osmolytes and Flavonoids under Salt Stress in Arabidopsis thaliana Plants Defective in Jasmonate Signaling]. Prikl Biokhim Mikrobiol. 2016;52:223-9 pubmed
    ..plants of the wild-type (WT) Columbia-0 (Col-0) and the mutant jin1 (jasmonate insensitive 1) with impaired jasmonate signaling were studied...
  13. Qi T, Huang H, Song S, Xie D. Regulation of Jasmonate-Mediated Stamen Development and Seed Production by a bHLH-MYB Complex in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2015;27:1620-33 pubmed publisher
    ..factor MYC5 acts as a target of JAZ repressors to function redundantly with other IIIe bHLH factors such as MYC2, MYC3, and MYC4 in the regulation of stamen development and seed production...
  14. Kroes A, van Loon J, Dicke M. Density-dependent interference of aphids with caterpillar-induced defenses in Arabidopsis: involvement of phytohormones and transcription factors. Plant Cell Physiol. 2015;56:98-106 pubmed publisher
    ..Interestingly, the expression of the JA transcription factor gene MYC2 was significantly higher in plants simultaneously attacked by aphids at a high density and caterpillars...
  15. Zhai Q, Yan L, Tan D, Chen R, Sun J, Gao L, et al. Phosphorylation-coupled proteolysis of the transcription factor MYC2 is important for jasmonate-signaled plant immunity. PLoS Genet. 2013;9:e1003422 pubmed publisher
    ..acid (JA)-signaled plant immune responses, the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) Leu zipper transcription factor MYC2 differentially regulates different subsets of JA-responsive genes through distinct mechanisms...
  16. Jeong J, Jung C, Seo J, Kim J, Chua N. The Deubiquitinating Enzymes UBP12 and UBP13 Positively Regulate MYC2 Levels in Jasmonate Responses. Plant Cell. 2017;29:1406-1424 pubmed publisher
    The transcription factor MYC2 has emerged as a master regulator of jasmonate (JA)-mediated responses as well as crosstalk among different signaling pathways...
  17. Laurie Berry N, Joardar V, Street I, Kunkel B. The Arabidopsis thaliana JASMONATE INSENSITIVE 1 gene is required for suppression of salicylic acid-dependent defenses during infection by Pseudomonas syringae. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2006;19:789-800 pubmed
    ..syringae pv. tomato strain DC3000 and sensitivity to COR. Jasmonate-insensitive 1 (jin1) mutants exhibit both reduced susceptibility to P. syringae pv...
  18. Schweizer F, Fernández Calvo P, Zander M, Diez Diaz M, Fonseca S, Glauser G, et al. Arabidopsis basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors MYC2, MYC3, and MYC4 regulate glucosinolate biosynthesis, insect performance, and feeding behavior. Plant Cell. 2013;25:3117-32 pubmed publisher
    ..A triple mutant lacking MYC2, MYC3, and MYC4, three basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors that are known to additively control jasmonate-..
  19. Song S, Huang H, Gao H, Wang J, Wu D, Liu X, et al. Interaction between MYC2 and ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3 modulates antagonism between jasmonate and ethylene signaling in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2014;26:263-79 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we demonstrate that interaction between the JA-activated transcription factor MYC2 and the ET-stabilized transcription factor ETHYLENE-INSENSITIVE3 (EIN3) modulates JA and ET signaling antagonism in ..
  20. Hong G, Xue X, Mao Y, Wang L, Chen X. Arabidopsis MYC2 interacts with DELLA proteins in regulating sesquiterpene synthase gene expression. Plant Cell. 2012;24:2635-48 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report that Arabidopsis MYC2, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, directly binds to promoters of the sesquiterpene synthase genes ..
  21. Niu Y, Figueroa P, Browse J. Characterization of JAZ-interacting bHLH transcription factors that regulate jasmonate responses in Arabidopsis. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:2143-54 pubmed publisher
    ..To date, MYC2 is the only transcription factor known to interact directly with JAZ proteins and regulate early JA responses, but ..
  22. Sethi V, Raghuram B, Sinha A, Chattopadhyay S. A mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade module, MKK3-MPK6 and MYC2, is involved in blue light-mediated seedling development in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2014;26:3343-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we show that MKK3-MPK6 is activated by blue light in a MYC2-dependent manner...
  23. Prasad B, Kumar S, Nandi A, Chattopadhyay S. Functional interconnections of HY1 with MYC2 and HY5 in Arabidopsis seedling development. BMC Plant Biol. 2012;12:37 pubmed publisher
    ..HY5 (a bZIP protein) promotes photomorphogenesis, however ZBF1/MYC2 (a bHLH protein) works as a negative regulator of photomorphogenic growth and light regulated gene expression...
  24. Zhu X, Chen J, Xie Z, Gao J, Ren G, Gao S, et al. Jasmonic acid promotes degreening via MYC2/3/4- and ANAC019/055/072-mediated regulation of major chlorophyll catabolic genes. Plant J. 2015;84:597-610 pubmed publisher
    ..Using yeast one-hybrid screening, coupled with in vitro and in vivo assays, we revealed that Arabidopsis MYC2/3/4 basic helix-loop-helix proteins directly bind to PAO promoter...
  25. Gangappa S, Chattopadhyay S. MYC2 differentially regulates GATA-box containing promoters during seedling development in Arabidopsis. Plant Signal Behav. 2013;8:doi: 10.4161/psb.25679 pubmed
    ..Here, we report that the promoter activity of GATA-NOS101 in atmyc2 mutant was found to be similar to wild-type in BL and dark grown seedlings, whereas it was found to be lower ..
  26. Cheng Z, Sun L, Qi T, Zhang B, Peng W, Liu Y, et al. The bHLH transcription factor MYC3 interacts with the Jasmonate ZIM-domain proteins to mediate jasmonate response in Arabidopsis. Mol Plant. 2011;4:279-88 pubmed publisher
    ..The bHLH transcription factor MYC2 was found to interact with JAZs and mediate JA responses including JA-inhibitory root growth...
  27. Thireault C, Shyu C, Yoshida Y, St Aubin B, Campos M, Howe G. Repression of jasmonate signaling by a non-TIFY JAZ protein in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 2015;82:669-79 pubmed publisher
    ..JAZ13 interacts with the bHLH transcription factor MYC2 and the co-repressor TOPLESS but, consistent with the absence of a TIFY motif, neither NINJA nor other JAZs...
  28. Im J, Cho Y, Kim G, Kang G, Hong J, Yoo S. Inverse modulation of the energy sensor Snf1-related protein kinase 1 on hypoxia adaptation and salt stress tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Environ. 2014;37:2303-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Salt/ABA- and AtMYC2-dependent induction of a synthetic ABA-responsive element and the native RD22 promoters were utilized in our cell-..
  29. Pauwels L, Ritter A, Goossens J, Durand A, Liu H, Gu Y, et al. The RING E3 Ligase KEEP ON GOING Modulates JASMONATE ZIM-DOMAIN12 Stability. Plant Physiol. 2015;169:1405-17 pubmed publisher
    ..JAZ12 interacted with the transcription factors MYC2, MYC3, and MYC4 in vivo and repressed MYC2 activity...
  30. Montiel G, Zarei A, Körbes A, Memelink J. The jasmonate-responsive element from the ORCA3 promoter from Catharanthus roseus is active in Arabidopsis and is controlled by the transcription factor AtMYC2. Plant Cell Physiol. 2011;52:578-87 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that it interacts in vitro and in vivo with the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor AtMYC2. Analysis of JRE-mediated reporter gene expression in an atmyc2-1 mutant background showed that the activity was ..
  31. Zhang F, Yao J, Ke J, Zhang L, Lam V, Xin X, et al. Structural basis of JAZ repression of MYC transcription factors in jasmonate signalling. Nature. 2015;525:269-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Our structural and functional studies elucidate a dynamic molecular switch mechanism that governs the repression and activation of a major plant hormone pathway. ..
  32. Cevik V, Kidd B, Zhang P, Hill C, Kiddle S, Denby K, et al. MEDIATOR25 acts as an integrative hub for the regulation of jasmonate-responsive gene expression in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2012;160:541-55 pubmed publisher
    ..ERF) transcription factors OCTADECANOID-RESPONSIVE ARABIDOPSIS AP2/ERF59 and ERF1 as well as the master regulator MYC2. Physical interaction detected between MED25 and four group IX AP2/ERF transcription factors was shown to require ..
  33. Takagi H, Ishiga Y, Watanabe S, Konishi T, Egusa M, Akiyoshi N, et al. Allantoin, a stress-related purine metabolite, can activate jasmonate signaling in a MYC2-regulated and abscisic acid-dependent manner. J Exp Bot. 2016;67:2519-2532 pubmed publisher
    ..also revealed altered expression of genes involved in jasmonic acid (JA) responses, probably under the control of MYC2, a master switch in the JA signaling pathway...
  34. Gao C, Qi S, Liu K, Li D, Jin C, Li Z, et al. MYC2, MYC3, and MYC4 function redundantly in seed storage protein accumulation in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2016;108:63-70 pubmed publisher
    Basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors (TFs), namely MYC2, MYC3, and MYC4, interact with Jasmonate Zim-domain proteins and are their direct targets...
  35. Zhang X, Zhu Z, An F, Hao D, Li P, Song J, et al. Jasmonate-activated MYC2 represses ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3 activity to antagonize ethylene-promoted apical hook formation in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2014;26:1105-17 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results further reveal that the JA-activated transcription factor MYC2 represses EIN3 function to reduce HLS1 expression through at least the following two layers of regulation: (1) MYC2 ..
  36. Lian T, Xu Y, Li L, Su X. Crystal Structure of Tetrameric Arabidopsis MYC2 Reveals the Mechanism of Enhanced Interaction with DNA. Cell Rep. 2017;19:1334-1342 pubmed publisher
    ..signaling pathway, the core transcription factors are a class of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins, including MYC2, MYC3, and MYC4, that have different regulatory capacities. Here, we report the 2...
  37. Yamashino T, Matsushika A, Fujimori T, Sato S, Kato T, Tabata S, et al. A Link between circadian-controlled bHLH factors and the APRR1/TOC1 quintet in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Physiol. 2003;44:619-29 pubmed
    ..Taken together, here we propose the novel view that these bHLH factors (PIF4 and PIL6) might play roles, in concert with APRR1/TOC1, in the integration of light-signals to control both circadian and photomorphogenic processes. ..
  38. Gangappa S, Chattopadhyay S. MYC2, a bHLH transcription factor, modulates the adult phenotype of SPA1. Plant Signal Behav. 2010;5:1650-2 pubmed publisher
    b>MYC2 and SPA1 are two key regulatory proteins that negatively regulate light-controlled Arabidopsis seedling development...
  39. Hiruma K, Nishiuchi T, Kato T, Bednarek P, Okuno T, Schulze Lefert P, et al. Arabidopsis ENHANCED DISEASE RESISTANCE 1 is required for pathogen-induced expression of plant defensins in nonhost resistance, and acts through interference of MYC2-mediated repressor function. Plant J. 2011;67:980-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Inactivation of the MYC2-encoded transcription factor fully restored defensin expression in edr1, implying that EDR1 interferes with MYC2 ..
  40. Maurya J, Sethi V, Gangappa S, Gupta N, Chattopadhyay S. Interaction of MYC2 and GBF1 results in functional antagonism in blue light-mediated Arabidopsis seedling development. Plant J. 2015;83:439-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This interaction requires the N-terminal domain of each protein. The atmyc2 gbf1 double mutant analyses and transgenic studies have revealed that MYC2 and GBF1 act antagonistically and ..
  41. Jung C, Zhao P, Seo J, Mitsuda N, Deng S, Chua N. PLANT U-BOX PROTEIN10 Regulates MYC2 Stability in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2015;27:2016-31 pubmed publisher
    ..of pub10 seedlings phenocopied 35S:MYC2 seedlings and was hypersensitive to methyl jasmonate, whereas 35S:PUB10 and jin1-9 (myc2) seedlings were hyposensitive...
  42. Li R, Weldegergis B, Li J, Jung C, Qu J, Sun Y, et al. Virulence factors of geminivirus interact with MYC2 to subvert plant resistance and promote vector performance. Plant Cell. 2014;26:4991-5008 pubmed publisher
    ..C1 directly interacts with the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor MYC2 to compromise the activation of MYC2-regulated terpene synthase genes, thereby reducing whitefly resistance...
  43. Withers J, Yao J, Mecey C, Howe G, Melotto M, He S. Transcription factor-dependent nuclear localization of a transcriptional repressor in jasmonate hormone signaling. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:20148-53 pubmed publisher
    ..of JAZ1?Jas and JAZ9?Jas, which were associated with differential interaction of JAZ1?Jas and JAZ9?Jas with MYC2 and differential repressor activity in vivo...
  44. Wild M, Davière J, Cheminant S, Regnault T, Baumberger N, Heintz D, et al. The Arabidopsis DELLA RGA-LIKE3 is a direct target of MYC2 and modulates jasmonate signaling responses. Plant Cell. 2012;24:3307-19 pubmed
    ..We show that JA rapidly induces RGL3 expression in a CORONATINE INSENSITIVE1 (COI1)- and JASMONATE INSENSITIVE1 (JIN1/MYC2)-dependent manner. In addition, we demonstrate that MYC2 binds directly to RGL3 promoter...
  45. Alemán F, Yazaki J, Lee M, Takahashi Y, Kim A, Li Z, et al. An ABA-increased interaction of the PYL6 ABA receptor with MYC2 Transcription Factor: A putative link of ABA and JA signaling. Sci Rep. 2016;6:28941 pubmed publisher
    ..through a direct interaction of the ABA receptor PYL6 (RCAR9) with the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor MYC2. PYL6 and MYC2 interact in yeast two hybrid assays and the interaction is enhanced in the presence of ABA...
  46. Pozo M, van der Ent S, Van Loon L, Pieterse C. Transcription factor MYC2 is involved in priming for enhanced defense during rhizobacteria-induced systemic resistance in Arabidopsis thaliana. New Phytol. 2008;180:511-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, mutants impaired in the JASMONATE-INSENSITIVE1/MYC2 gene (jin1-1 and jin1-2) were unable to mount WCS417r-ISR against Pst DC3000 and the downy mildew pathogen Hyaloperonospora ..
  47. Zhu Z, An F, Feng Y, Li P, Xue L, A M, et al. Derepression of ethylene-stabilized transcription factors (EIN3/EIL1) mediates jasmonate and ethylene signaling synergy in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:12539-44 pubmed publisher