Gene Symbol: ABI5
Description: Basic-leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor family protein
Alias: ABA INSENSITIVE 5, AtABI5, F2H17.12, F2H17_12, GIA1, GROWTH-INSENSITIVITY TO ABA 1, Basic-leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor family protein
Species: thale cress

Top Publications

  1. Finkelstein R, Gampala S, Lynch T, Thomas T, Rock C. Redundant and distinct functions of the ABA response loci ABA-INSENSITIVE(ABI)5 and ABRE-BINDING FACTOR (ABF)3. Plant Mol Biol. 2005;59:253-67 pubmed
    ..Although one of these factors, ABA-insensitive 5 (ABI5), was identified genetically, the paucity of genetic data for the other family members has left it unclear whether ..
  2. Finkelstein R, Lynch T. The Arabidopsis abscisic acid response gene ABI5 encodes a basic leucine zipper transcription factor. Plant Cell. 2000;12:599-609 pubmed
    The Arabidopsis abscisic acid (ABA)-insensitive abi5 mutants have pleiotropic defects in ABA response, including decreased sensitivity to ABA inhibition of germination and altered expression of some ABA-regulated genes...
  3. Stone S, Williams L, Farmer L, Vierstra R, Callis J. KEEP ON GOING, a RING E3 ligase essential for Arabidopsis growth and development, is involved in abscisic acid signaling. Plant Cell. 2006;18:3415-28 pubmed
    ..The observations that KEG accumulates high levels of ABSCISIC ACID-INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5) without exogenous ABA, interacts with ABI5 in vitro, and that loss of ABI5 rescues the growth-arrest phenotype of ..
  4. Miura K, Lee J, Jin J, Yoo C, Miura T, Hasegawa P. Sumoylation of ABI5 by the Arabidopsis SUMO E3 ligase SIZ1 negatively regulates abscisic acid signaling. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:5418-23 pubmed publisher
    ..ligase SIZ1 negatively regulates abscisic acid (ABA) signaling, which is dependent on the bZIP transcripton factor ABI5. Loss-of-function T-DNA insertion siz1-2 and siz1-3 mutations caused ABA hypersensitivity for seed germination ..
  5. Choi H, Hong J, Ha J, Kang J, Kim S. ABFs, a family of ABA-responsive element binding factors. J Biol Chem. 2000;275:1723-30 pubmed
    ..Thus, a new family of ABRE binding factors indeed exists that have the potential to activate a large number of ABA/stress-responsive genes in Arabidopsis. ..
  6. Lopez Molina L, Mongrand S, Chua N. A postgermination developmental arrest checkpoint is mediated by abscisic acid and requires the ABI5 transcription factor in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001;98:4782-7 pubmed
    ..Here we report that the basic leucine zipper transcription factor ABI5 confers an enhanced response to exogenous ABA during germination, and seedling establishment, as well as subsequent ..
  7. Lopez Molina L, Mongrand S, Kinoshita N, Chua N. AFP is a novel negative regulator of ABA signaling that promotes ABI5 protein degradation. Genes Dev. 2003;17:410-8 pubmed
    ..by the stress hormone abscisic acid (ABA), which induces the expression of the bZIP transcription activator ABI5. The growth arrest efficiency depends on ABI5 levels, and abi5 mutants are ABA-insensitive and unable to execute ..
  8. Nakamura S, Lynch T, Finkelstein R. Physical interactions between ABA response loci of Arabidopsis. Plant J. 2001;26:627-35 pubmed
    ..By this criterion, only ABI3 and ABI5 physically interact with each other, and ABI5 can form homodimers...
  9. Nakashima K, Fujita Y, Katsura K, Maruyama K, Narusaka Y, Seki M, et al. Transcriptional regulation of ABI3- and ABA-responsive genes including RD29B and RD29A in seeds, germinating embryos, and seedlings of Arabidopsis. Plant Mol Biol. 2006;60:51-68 pubmed
    ..Expression analysis using abi3 and abi5 mutants showed that ABI3 and ABI5 play important roles in the expression of RD29B in seeds...

More Information


  1. W K Ng D, Hall T. PvALF and FUS3 activate expression from the phaseolin promoter by different mechanisms. Plant Mol Biol. 2008;66:233-44 pubmed
    ..The relationship between PvALF and ABI5, a bZIP transcription factor, in mediating phas expression was also evaluated...
  2. Bensmihen S, Giraudat J, Parcy F. Characterization of three homologous basic leucine zipper transcription factors (bZIP) of the ABI5 family during Arabidopsis thaliana embryo maturation. J Exp Bot. 2005;56:597-603 pubmed
    ..Abscisic Acid-Insensitive 5 (ABI5) is one of the 13 members of group A and is involved in ABA signalling during seed maturation, and germination...
  3. Reeves W, Lynch T, Mobin R, Finkelstein R. Direct targets of the transcription factors ABA-Insensitive(ABI)4 and ABI5 reveal synergistic action by ABI4 and several bZIP ABA response factors. Plant Mol Biol. 2011;75:347-63 pubmed publisher
    ..involved in ABA response have been identified, including the transcription factors ABA insensitive (ABI)4 and ABI5. The genes encoding these factors are expressed predominantly in developing and mature seeds, and are positive ..
  4. Piskurewicz U, Jikumaru Y, Kinoshita N, Nambara E, Kamiya Y, Lopez Molina L. The gibberellic acid signaling repressor RGL2 inhibits Arabidopsis seed germination by stimulating abscisic acid synthesis and ABI5 activity. Plant Cell. 2008;20:2729-45 pubmed publisher
    ..By contrast, ABA blocks germination by inducing ABI5 (for ABA-INSENSITIVE5), a basic domain/leucine zipper transcription factor repressing germination...
  5. Wang Y, Li L, Ye T, Zhao S, Liu Z, Feng Y, et al. Cytokinin antagonizes ABA suppression to seed germination of Arabidopsis by downregulating ABI5 expression. Plant J. 2011;68:249-61 pubmed publisher
    ..of gene transcriptomes in the gim1 mutant demonstrated that the expression of some ABA-inducible genes, including ABI5, was reduced, and could not be restored by exogenous ABA treatment...
  6. Hu R, Zhu Y, Shen G, Zhang H. TAP46 plays a positive role in the ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE5-regulated gene expression in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2014;164:721-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Both TAP46 and PP2A interact with the ABA-regulated transcription factor ABA INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5) in vivo, and TAP46's binding to ABI5 can stabilize ABI5...
  7. Guan C, Wang X, Feng J, Hong S, Liang Y, Ren B, et al. Cytokinin antagonizes abscisic acid-mediated inhibition of cotyledon greening by promoting the degradation of abscisic acid insensitive5 protein in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2014;164:1515-26 pubmed publisher
    ..It has been shown that abscisic acid insensitive5 (ABI5), a basic leucine zipper transcription factor, is an important factor in the regulation of the ABA-mediated ..
  8. Zhao W, Guan C, Feng J, Liang Y, Zhan N, Zuo J, et al. The Arabidopsis CROWDED NUCLEI genes regulate seed germination by modulating degradation of ABI5 protein. J Integr Plant Biol. 2016;58:669-78 pubmed publisher
    ..In the ABA signaling pathway, ABI5, a basic Leu zipper transcription factor, has important functions in the regulation of seed germination...
  9. Ibarra S, Tognacca R, Dave A, Graham I, Sánchez R, Botto J. Molecular mechanisms underlying the entrance in secondary dormancy of Arabidopsis seeds. Plant Cell Environ. 2016;39:213-21 pubmed publisher
    ..to ABA do not change, albeit ABA is required; (2) RGL2 promotes the entrance in secondary dormancy through ABI5 action; and (3) multivariate analysis with 18 geographical and environmental parameters of accession collection ..
  10. Holman T, Jones P, Russell L, Medhurst A, Ubeda Tomas S, Talloji P, et al. The N-end rule pathway promotes seed germination and establishment through removal of ABA sensitivity in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:4549-54 pubmed publisher
    ..sugar sensitivity, as well as storage oil mobilization, occurs at least in part via transcription factors ABI3 and ABI5. The N-end rule pathway of protein turnover is therefore postulated to inactivate as-yet unidentified key component(..
  11. Lai Z, Schluttenhofer C, Bhide K, Shreve J, Thimmapuram J, Lee S, et al. MED18 interaction with distinct transcription factors regulates multiple plant functions. Nat Commun. 2014;5:3064 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, MED18 conveys distinct cues to engender transcription underpinning plant responses. ..
  12. Yang X, Bai Y, Shang J, Xin R, Tang W. The antagonistic regulation of abscisic acid-inhibited root growth by brassinosteroids is partially mediated via direct suppression of ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE 5 expression by BRASSINAZOLE RESISTANT 1. Plant Cell Environ. 2016;39:1994-2003 pubmed publisher
    ..Of these genes, the expression of a major ABA signalling component ABA INSENSITIVE 5 (ABI5) was found to be suppressed by BR and by BZR1...
  13. Tezuka K, Taji T, Hayashi T, Sakata Y. A novel abi5 allele reveals the importance of the conserved Ala in the C3 domain for regulation of downstream genes and salt tolerance during germination in Arabidopsis. Plant Signal Behav. 2013;8:e23455 pubmed publisher
    ..seed development and germination requires a Group A bZIP transcription factor encoded by ABA INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5)...
  14. Ufaz S, Shukla V, Soloveichik Y, Golan Y, Breuer F, Koncz Z, et al. Transcriptional control of aspartate kinase expression during darkness and sugar depletion in Arabidopsis: involvement of bZIP transcription factors. Planta. 2011;233:1025-40 pubmed publisher
    ..and complementary chromatin immunoprecipitation analyses in Arabidopsis cells, the bZIP transcription factors ABI5 and DPBF4 were identified, capable of interacting with the G-box-containing enhancer of AK/HSD1 promoter...
  15. Mittal A, Gampala S, Ritchie G, Payton P, Burke J, Rock C. Related to ABA-Insensitive3(ABI3)/Viviparous1 and AtABI5 transcription factor coexpression in cotton enhances drought stress adaptation. Plant Biotechnol J. 2014;12:578-89 pubmed publisher
    ..factor Related to ABA-Insensitive3 (ABI3)/Viviparous1 (namely AtRAV2) and basic leucine zipper (bZIPs) AtABI5 or AtABF3 transactivated ABA-inducible promoter:GUS reporter expression in a maize mesophyll protoplast transient ..
  16. Dekkers B, He H, Hanson J, Willems L, Jamar D, Cueff G, et al. The Arabidopsis DELAY OF GERMINATION 1 gene affects ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE 5 (ABI5) expression and genetically interacts with ABI3 during Arabidopsis seed development. Plant J. 2016;85:451-65 pubmed publisher
    ..including LATE EMBRYOGENESIS ABUNDANT and HEAT SHOCK PROTEIN genes which are affected by DOG1 partly via control of ABI5 expression...
  17. Wang Y, Li L, Ye T, Lu Y, Chen X, Wu Y. The inhibitory effect of ABA on floral transition is mediated by ABI5 in Arabidopsis. J Exp Bot. 2013;64:675-84 pubmed publisher
    ..This study shows that ABSCISIC ACID-INSENSITIVE MUTANT 5 (ABI5), a bZIP transcription factor, which plays an important role in the abscisic acid (ABA)-arrested seed germination, ..
  18. Chen R, Jiang H, Li L, Zhai Q, Qi L, Zhou W, et al. The Arabidopsis mediator subunit MED25 differentially regulates jasmonate and abscisic acid signaling through interacting with the MYC2 and ABI5 transcription factors. Plant Cell. 2012;24:2898-916 pubmed publisher
    ..We also show that MED25 physically associates with the basic Leu zipper transcription factor ABA-INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5) in promoter regions of ABI5 target genes and shows a negative effect on ABI5-regulated gene transcription...
  19. Bi C, Ma Y, Wang X, Zhang D. Overexpression of the transcription factor NF-YC9 confers abscisic acid hypersensitivity in Arabidopsis. Plant Mol Biol. 2017;95:425-439 pubmed publisher
    ..we observed that NF-YC9 physically interacts with the ABA-responsive bZIP transcription factor ABA-INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5), and facilitates the function of ABI5 to bind and activate the promoter of a target gene EM6...
  20. Pizzio G, Rodriguez L, Antoni R, Gonzalez Guzman M, Yunta C, Merilo E, et al. The PYL4 A194T mutant uncovers a key role of PYR1-LIKE4/PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE 2CA interaction for abscisic acid signaling and plant drought resistance. Plant Physiol. 2013;163:441-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, we describe a novel approach to enhance plant drought resistance through allele library generation and engineering of a PYL4 mutation that enhances interaction with PP2CA. ..
  21. Xu D, Li J, Gangappa S, Hettiarachchi C, Lin F, Andersson M, et al. Convergence of Light and ABA signaling on the ABI5 promoter. PLoS Genet. 2014;10:e1004197 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous studies showed that HY5 acts as a direct activator of ABI5 expression, and that BBX21 interacts with HY5...
  22. Lee J, Yoon H, Terzaghi W, Martinez C, Dai M, Li J, et al. DWA1 and DWA2, two Arabidopsis DWD protein components of CUL4-based E3 ligases, act together as negative regulators in ABA signal transduction. Plant Cell. 2010;22:1716-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Several ABA-responsive genes were hyperinduced in both mutants, and the ABA-responsive transcription factors ABA INSENSITIVE 5 (ABI5) and MYC2 accumulated to high levels in the mutants after ABA treatment...
  23. Yang Y, Yu X, Song L, An C. ABI4 activates DGAT1 expression in Arabidopsis seedlings during nitrogen deficiency. Plant Physiol. 2011;156:873-83 pubmed publisher
  24. Feng C, Chen Y, Wang C, Kong Y, Wu W, Chen Y. Arabidopsis RAV1 transcription factor, phosphorylated by SnRK2 kinases, regulates the expression of ABI3, ABI4, and ABI5 during seed germination and early seedling development. Plant J. 2014;80:654-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Overexpression of RAV1 repressed ABI3, ABI4, and ABI5 expression, and RAV1 bound to the ABI3, ABI4, and ABI5 promoters in vitro and in vivo, indicating that RAV1 ..
  25. Lee S, Lee H, Jung J, Park C. The Arabidopsis thaliana RNA-binding protein FCA regulates thermotolerance by modulating the detoxification of reactive oxygen species. New Phytol. 2015;205:555-69 pubmed publisher
    ..FCA interacts with the ABA-INSENSITIVE 5 (ABI5) transcription factor, which regulates the expression of genes encoding antioxidants, including 1-CYSTEINE ..
  26. Yamamoto A, Kagaya Y, Toyoshima R, Kagaya M, Takeda S, Hattori T. Arabidopsis NF-YB subunits LEC1 and LEC1-LIKE activate transcription by interacting with seed-specific ABRE-binding factors. Plant J. 2009;58:843-56 pubmed publisher
    ..These results demonstrate a novel plant-specific mechanism for NF-Y subunit function that enables LEC1 and L1L to regulate a defined developmental network. ..
  27. Leon P, Sheen J. Sugar and hormone connections. Trends Plant Sci. 2003;8:110-6 pubmed
    ..The effects of sugar and osmotic stress on morphogenesis and gene expression are distinct. The plasticity of plant growth and development are exemplified by the complex interplay of sugar and hormone signalling. ..
  28. Seo K, Lee J, Nezames C, Zhong S, Song E, Byun M, et al. ABD1 is an Arabidopsis DCAF substrate receptor for CUL4-DDB1-based E3 ligases that acts as a negative regulator of abscisic acid signaling. Plant Cell. 2014;26:695-711 pubmed publisher
    ..of ABA-responsive genes and higher accumulation of the ABA-responsive transcription factor ABA INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5), hypersensitivity to ABA during seed germination and seedling growth, enhanced stomatal closure, reduced water ..
  29. Kong Y, Chen S, Yang Y, An C. ABA-insensitive (ABI) 4 and ABI5 synergistically regulate DGAT1 expression in Arabidopsis seedlings under stress. FEBS Lett. 2013;587:3076-82 pubmed publisher
    ..we show that TAG accumulation in Arabidopsis seedlings is correlated with environmental stress, and both ABI4 and ABI5 play important roles in regulating DGAT1 expression...
  30. Lynch T, Erickson B, Finkelstein R. Direct interactions of ABA-insensitive(ABI)-clade protein phosphatase(PP)2Cs with calcium-dependent protein kinases and ABA response element-binding bZIPs may contribute to turning off ABA response. Plant Mol Biol. 2012;80:647-58 pubmed publisher
    ..downstream targets such as ABA-response element binding basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors (ABF/AREB/ABI5 clade). Several of these are also activated by calcium-dependent protein kinases such as CPK11...
  31. Zhou X, Hao H, Zhang Y, Bai Y, Zhu W, Qin Y, et al. SOS2-LIKE PROTEIN KINASE5, an SNF1-RELATED PROTEIN KINASE3-Type Protein Kinase, Is Important for Abscisic Acid Responses in Arabidopsis through Phosphorylation of ABSCISIC ACID-INSENSITIVE5. Plant Physiol. 2015;168:659-76 pubmed publisher
    ..involved in ABA signal transduction via the phosphorylation of an interacting protein, abscisic acid-insensitive5 (ABI5)...
  32. Lim S, Park J, Lee N, Jeong J, Toh S, Watanabe A, et al. ABA-insensitive3, ABA-insensitive5, and DELLAs Interact to activate the expression of SOMNUS and other high-temperature-inducible genes in imbibed seeds in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2013;25:4863-78 pubmed publisher
    ..at high temperature required abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellic acid biosynthesis, and ABA-insensitive3 (ABI3), ABI5, and DELLAs positively regulated SOM expression...
  33. Gagete A, Riera M, Franco L, Rodrigo M. Functional analysis of the isoforms of an ABI3-like factor of Pisum sativum generated by alternative splicing. J Exp Bot. 2009;60:1703-14 pubmed publisher
    ..The minimum requirement for the interaction PsABI3-AtABI5 is the presence of the subdomain B1 with an extension, 81 amino acids long, at their C-terminal side...
  34. Hu Y, Yu D. BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE2 interacts with ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE5 to mediate the antagonism of brassinosteroids to abscisic acid during seed germination in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2014;26:4394-408 pubmed publisher
    ..Mechanistic investigation revealed that BIN2 physically interacts with ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5), a bZIP transcription factor...
  35. Yu L, Wu J, Zhang Z, Miao Z, Zhao P, Wang Z, et al. Arabidopsis MADS-Box Transcription Factor AGL21 Acts as Environmental Surveillance of Seed Germination by Regulating ABI5 Expression. Mol Plant. 2017;10:834-845 pubmed publisher
    ..regulator of seed germination and post-germination growth by controlling the expression of ABA-INSENSITIVE 5 (ABI5) in Arabidopsis...
  36. Chen C, Wu C, Miao J, Lei Y, Zhao D, Sun D, et al. Arabidopsis SAG protein containing the MDN1 domain participates in seed germination and seedling development by negatively regulating ABI3 and ABI5. J Exp Bot. 2014;65:35-45 pubmed publisher
    ..However, ABA-induced AtSAG expression remained almost unchanged. ABA-responsive marker genes, including ABI3, ABI5, Em1, Em6, RD29A, and RAB18, were upregulated in sag mutants but were downregulated in OX2...
  37. Liao C, Lai Z, Lee S, Yun D, Mengiste T. Arabidopsis HOOKLESS1 Regulates Responses to Pathogens and Abscisic Acid through Interaction with MED18 and Acetylation of WRKY33 and ABI5 Chromatin. Plant Cell. 2016;28:1662-81 pubmed publisher
    ..HLS1 modulates the expression of WRKY33 and ABA INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5), known regulators of pathogen and ABA responses, respectively, through direct association with these loci...
  38. Cheng Z, Zhao X, Shao X, Wang F, Zhou C, Liu Y, et al. Abscisic acid regulates early seed development in Arabidopsis by ABI5-mediated transcription of SHORT HYPOCOTYL UNDER BLUE1. Plant Cell. 2014;26:1053-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, RNA accumulation of the basic/region leucine zipper transcription factor ABSCISIC ACID-INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5), involved in ABA signaling, was decreased in aba2-1. Consistent with this, seed size was also increased in abi5...
  39. Liu H, Stone S. Cytoplasmic degradation of the Arabidopsis transcription factor abscisic acid insensitive 5 is mediated by the RING-type E3 ligase KEEP ON GOING. J Biol Chem. 2013;288:20267-79 pubmed publisher
    To mitigate the effects of environmental stress the abscisic acid (ABA)-responsive transcription factor ABI5 is required to delay growth of germinated seedlings...
  40. Kim J, Hyun W, Nguyen H, Jeong C, Xiong L, Hong S, et al. AtMyb7, a subgroup 4 R2R3 Myb, negatively regulates ABA-induced inhibition of seed germination by blocking the expression of the bZIP transcription factor ABI5. Plant Cell Environ. 2015;38:559-71 pubmed publisher
    ..AtMyb7 negatively controls the expression of the gene encoding bZIP transcription factor, ABI5, which is a key transcription factor in ABA signalling and serves as a crucial regulator of germination inhibition ..
  41. Liu H, Stone S. Regulation of ABI5 turnover by reversible post-translational modifications. Plant Signal Behav. 2014;9:e27577 pubmed
    ..The targets for PTM are usually transcriptional regulators such as Abscisic acid Insensitive 5 (ABI5). PTM regulate ABI5 stability as well as activity...
  42. Yuan T, Xu H, Zhang K, Guo T, Lu Y. Glucose inhibits root meristem growth via ABA INSENSITIVE 5, which represses PIN1 accumulation and auxin activity in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell Environ. 2014;37:1338-50 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, we verified the involvement of ABA INSENSITIVE 5 (ABI5) in this process by showing that abi5-1 is less sensitive to glucose than the wild type, whereas ..
  43. Su M, Huang G, Zhang Q, Wang X, Li C, Tao Y, et al. The LEA protein, ABR, is regulated by ABI5 and involved in dark-induced leaf senescence in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Sci. 2016;247:93-103 pubmed publisher
    ..In vitro and in vivo assays showed that ABI5 bind to the ABR promoter, indicating that ABI5 directly regulates the expression of ABR...
  44. Dai M, Xue Q, McCray T, Margavage K, Chen F, Lee J, et al. The PP6 phosphatase regulates ABI5 phosphorylation and abscisic acid signaling in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2013;25:517-34 pubmed publisher
    The basic Leucine zipper transcription factor ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5) is a key regulator of abscisic acid (ABA)-mediated seed germination and postgermination seedling growth...
  45. Albertos P, Romero Puertas M, Tatematsu K, Mateos I, Sánchez Vicente I, Nambara E, et al. S-nitrosylation triggers ABI5 degradation to promote seed germination and seedling growth. Nat Commun. 2015;6:8669 pubmed publisher
    ..ABA regulates the basic leucine zipper transcriptional factor ABI5, a central hub of growth repression, while the reactive nitrogen molecule nitric oxide (NO) counteracts ABA during ..
  46. Liu H, Stone S. Abscisic acid increases Arabidopsis ABI5 transcription factor levels by promoting KEG E3 ligase self-ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Plant Cell. 2010;22:2630-41 pubmed publisher
    ..insertions in KEG accumulate high levels of the ABA-responsive transcription factor ABSCISIC ACID-INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5). Here, we demonstrate that KEG E3 ligase activity is required for the regulation of ABI5 abundance...
  47. Bi C, Ma Y, Wu Z, Yu Y, Liang S, Lu K, et al. Arabidopsis ABI5 plays a role in regulating ROS homeostasis by activating CATALASE 1 transcription in seed germination. Plant Mol Biol. 2017;94:197-213 pubmed publisher
    It has been known that ABA INSENSITIVE 5 (ABI5) plays a vital role in regulating seed germination...
  48. Riechmann J, Ratcliffe O. A genomic perspective on plant transcription factors. Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2000;3:423-34 pubmed