Gene Symbol: RRP6
Description: exosome nuclease subunit RRP6
Alias: exosome nuclease subunit RRP6
Species: Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Top Publications

  1. Lardenois A, Liu Y, Walther T, Chalmel F, Evrard B, Granovskaia M, et al. Execution of the meiotic noncoding RNA expression program and the onset of gametogenesis in yeast require the conserved exosome subunit Rrp6. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:1058-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Meiotic unannotated transcripts (MUTs) are mitotic targets of the conserved exosome component Rrp6, which itself is degraded after the onset of meiosis when MUTs and other ncRNAs accumulate in successive waves...
  2. Fang F, Hoskins J, Butler J. 5-fluorouracil enhances exosome-dependent accumulation of polyadenylated rRNAs. Mol Cell Biol. 2004;24:10766-76 pubmed
    ..Consistent with this hypothesis, 5FU inhibits the growth of RRP6 mutants with defects in the degradation function of the enzyme and it interferes with the degradation of an rRNA ..
  3. Heo D, Yoo I, Kong J, Lidschreiber M, Mayer A, Choi B, et al. The RNA polymerase II C-terminal domain-interacting domain of yeast Nrd1 contributes to the choice of termination pathway and couples to RNA processing by the nuclear exosome. J Biol Chem. 2013;288:36676-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Surprisingly, replacing the Nrd1 CID with that from Rtt103 reduces binding to Rrp6/Trf4, and RNA transcripts terminated by Nrd1(CID(Rtt103)) are predominantly processed by core exosome...
  4. Allmang C, Petfalski E, Podtelejnikov A, Mann M, Tollervey D, Mitchell P. The yeast exosome and human PM-Scl are related complexes of 3' --> 5' exonucleases. Genes Dev. 1999;13:2148-58 pubmed
  5. Synowsky S, van Wijk M, Raijmakers R, Heck A. Comparative multiplexed mass spectrometric analyses of endogenously expressed yeast nuclear and cytoplasmic exosomes. J Mol Biol. 2009;385:1300-13 pubmed publisher
    ..We focused on these differences in composition by selecting a nuclear-specific exosome protein (Rrp6) and a cytoplasmic-specific protein (Ski7) as the tandem-affinity-purification-tagged affinity bait protein...
  6. Reis C, Campbell J. Contribution of Trf4/5 and the nuclear exosome to genome stability through regulation of histone mRNA levels in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2007;175:993-1010 pubmed
    ..We show that loss of Trf4 and Trf5, or of Rrp6, a component of the nuclear exosome, results in elevated levels of transcripts encoding DNA replication-dependent ..
  7. Fang F, Phillips S, Butler J. Rat1p and Rai1p function with the nuclear exosome in the processing and degradation of rRNA precursors. RNA. 2005;11:1571-8 pubmed
    ..8S rRNA. RAT1 and RAI1 mutations cause synergistic growth defects in the presence of rrp6-Delta, consistent with the interdependence of 5'-end and 3'-end processing pathways...
  8. Granato D, Machado Santelli G, Oliveira C. Nop53p interacts with 5.8S rRNA co-transcriptionally, and regulates processing of pre-rRNA by the exosome. FEBS J. 2008;275:4164-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Consistent with this observation and similar to the observed in exosome mutants, depletion of Nop53p leads to accumulation of polyadenylated pre-rRNAs. ..
  9. Kuai L, Fang F, Butler J, Sherman F. Polyadenylation of rRNA in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004;101:8581-6 pubmed
    ..For at least one rRNA type, the polyadenylation preferentially occurs on the precursor rather than the mature product. The existence of polyadenylated rRNAs may reflect a quality-control mechanism of rRNA biogenesis. ..

More Information


  1. Berretta J, Pinskaya M, Morillon A. A cryptic unstable transcript mediates transcriptional trans-silencing of the Ty1 retrotransposon in S. cerevisiae. Genes Dev. 2008;22:615-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results show the first example of an RNA-dependent gene trans-silencing mediated by epigenetic marks in S. cerevisiae. ..
  2. Klauer A, van Hoof A. Genetic interactions suggest multiple distinct roles of the arch and core helicase domains of Mtr4 in Rrp6 and exosome function. Nucleic Acids Res. 2013;41:533-41 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Rrp6 provides the nuclear exosome with one of its three nuclease activities, and previous findings suggested that the ..
  3. Allmang C, Kufel J, Chanfreau G, Mitchell P, Petfalski E, Tollervey D. Functions of the exosome in rRNA, snoRNA and snRNA synthesis. EMBO J. 1999;18:5399-410 pubmed
    ..We conclude that the exosome is involved in the processing of many RNA substrates and that different components can have distinct functions. ..
  4. Tudek A, Porrúa O, Kabzinski T, Lidschreiber M, Kubicek K, Fortova A, et al. Molecular basis for coordinating transcription termination with noncoding RNA degradation. Mol Cell. 2014;55:467-81 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that transcription termination and RNA degradation are coordinated by switching between two alternative partners of the NNS complex. ..
  5. van Hoof A, Lennertz P, Parker R. Yeast exosome mutants accumulate 3'-extended polyadenylated forms of U4 small nuclear RNA and small nucleolar RNAs. Mol Cell Biol. 2000;20:441-52 pubmed
    ..Rrp6p and Mtr4p, whereas mRNA degradation by the exosome required Ski2p and was not affected by mutations in RRP6 or MTR4...
  6. Grzechnik P, Kufel J. Polyadenylation linked to transcription termination directs the processing of snoRNA precursors in yeast. Mol Cell. 2008;32:247-58 pubmed publisher
    ..precursors and processing intermediates to facilitate further polyadenylation by Pap1 and maturation by the exosome/Rrp6. A more important role of Trf4/TRAMP, however, is to enhance Nrd1 association with snoRNA genes...
  7. Egecioglu D, Henras A, Chanfreau G. Contributions of Trf4p- and Trf5p-dependent polyadenylation to the processing and degradative functions of the yeast nuclear exosome. RNA. 2006;12:26-32 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that polyadenylation of RNA processing intermediates plays a functional role in RNA processing pathways and is not limited to RNA surveillance functions. ..
  8. Burkard K, Butler J. A nuclear 3'-5' exonuclease involved in mRNA degradation interacts with Poly(A) polymerase and the hnRNA protein Npl3p. Mol Cell Biol. 2000;20:604-16 pubmed
    ..Genetic selection for suppressors of pap1-1 yielded two recessive, cold-sensitive alleles of the gene RRP6. These suppressors, rrp6-1 and rrp6-2, as well as a deletion of RRP6, allow growth of pap1-1 strains at high ..
  9. Schneider C, Leung E, Brown J, Tollervey D. The N-terminal PIN domain of the exosome subunit Rrp44 harbors endonuclease activity and tethers Rrp44 to the yeast core exosome. Nucleic Acids Res. 2009;37:1127-40 pubmed publisher
    ..cytoplasmic 5'-exonuclease Xrn1, indicating block of mRNA turnover, but not with loss of the nuclear 3'-exonuclease Rrp6. The RNA processing phenotype of rrp44-exo was milder than that seen on Rrp44 depletion, indicating that Rrp44-exo ..
  10. Callahan K, Butler J. Evidence for core exosome independent function of the nuclear exoribonuclease Rrp6p. Nucleic Acids Res. 2008;36:6645-55 pubmed publisher
    ..8S rRNA and snoRNAs, as well as the degradation of certain truncated Rrp6-specific rRNA intermediates...
  11. Zenklusen D, Vinciguerra P, Wyss J, Stutz F. Stable mRNP formation and export require cotranscriptional recruitment of the mRNA export factors Yra1p and Sub2p by Hpr1p. Mol Cell Biol. 2002;22:8241-53 pubmed
    ..We show that yra1, sub2, and Deltahpr1 mutants all present defects in mRNA accumulation and that deletion of RRP6 in yra1 mutants restores normal mRNA levels...
  12. Schneider C, Kudla G, Wlotzka W, Tuck A, Tollervey D. Transcriptome-wide analysis of exosome targets. Mol Cell. 2012;48:422-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we apply in vivo RNA crosslinking (CRAC) to the nucleases (Rrp44, Rrp6), two structural subunits (Rrp41, Csl4) and a cofactor (Trf4) of the yeast exosome...
  13. Wasmuth E, Januszyk K, Lima C. Structure of an Rrp6-RNA exosome complex bound to poly(A) RNA. Nature. 2014;511:435-9 pubmed publisher
    ..and degrades RNA by directing substrates to the distributive or processive 3' to 5' exoribonuclease activities of Rrp6 or Rrp44, respectively. The non-catalytic nine-subunit exosome core (Exo9) features a prominent central channel...
  14. Vasiljeva L, Kim M, Terzi N, Soares L, Buratowski S. Transcription termination and RNA degradation contribute to silencing of RNA polymerase II transcription within heterochromatin. Mol Cell. 2008;29:313-23 pubmed publisher
    ..The Nrd1/Sen1/exosome pathway also contributes to silencing at telomeric loci. These results suggest that silencing of heterochromatic genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae occurs at both transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels. ..
  15. Briggs M, Burkard K, Butler J. Rrp6p, the yeast homologue of the human PM-Scl 100-kDa autoantigen, is essential for efficient 5.8 S rRNA 3' end formation. J Biol Chem. 1998;273:13255-63 pubmed
    ..selection for suppressors of a polyadenylation defect yielded two cold-sensitive alleles of a gene that we named RRP6 (ribosomal RNA processing)...
  16. Dziembowski A, Lorentzen E, Conti E, Seraphin B. A single subunit, Dis3, is essentially responsible for yeast exosome core activity. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2007;14:15-22 pubmed
    ..We observed that the yeast exosome ring mediates interactions with protein partners, providing an explanation for its essential function. ..
  17. Schaeffer D, Reis F, Johnson S, Arraiano C, van Hoof A. The CR3 motif of Rrp44p is important for interaction with the core exosome and exosome function. Nucleic Acids Res. 2012;40:9298-307 pubmed publisher
    ..These data provide the first direct evidence that the exosome-Rrp44p interaction is functionally important and also provides a molecular explanation for the functional defects when the conserved Cys residues are mutated. ..
  18. Dez C, Houseley J, Tollervey D. Surveillance of nuclear-restricted pre-ribosomes within a subnucleolar region of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. EMBO J. 2006;25:1534-46 pubmed
    ..Localization of pre-ribosomes to this focus was lost in sda1-2 strains lacking Trf4p or Rrp6p. We designate this nucleolar focus the No-body and propose that it represents a site of pre-ribosome surveillance. ..
  19. Kadaba S, Wang X, Anderson J. Nuclear RNA surveillance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Trf4p-dependent polyadenylation of nascent hypomethylated tRNA and an aberrant form of 5S rRNA. RNA. 2006;12:508-21 pubmed
    ..We conclude that an array of RNA polymerase III transcripts are targeted for Trf4p/ Trf5p-dependent polyadenylation and turnover to eliminate mutant and variant forms of normally stable RNAs. ..
  20. Wahba L, Amon J, Koshland D, Vuica Ross M. RNase H and multiple RNA biogenesis factors cooperate to prevent RNA:DNA hybrids from generating genome instability. Mol Cell. 2011;44:978-88 pubmed publisher
    ..In summary, RNA:DNA hybrids are a potent source for changing genome structure. By preventing their formation and accumulation, multiple RNA biogenesis factors and RNase H act as guardians of the genome. ..
  21. Gudipati R, Xu Z, Lebreton A, Seraphin B, Steinmetz L, Jacquier A, et al. Extensive degradation of RNA precursors by the exosome in wild-type cells. Mol Cell. 2012;48:409-21 pubmed publisher
  22. Drazkowska K, Tomecki R, Stodus K, Kowalska K, Czarnocki Cieciura M, Dziembowski A. The RNA exosome complex central channel controls both exonuclease and endonuclease Dis3 activities in vivo and in vitro. Nucleic Acids Res. 2013;41:3845-58 pubmed publisher
    ..as Rrp44) protein, which has both endo- and exoribonucleolytic activities and the nucleus-specific exonuclease Rrp6. In vitro studies suggest that substrates reach the Dis3 exonucleolytic active site following passage through the ..
  23. Bousquet Antonelli C, Presutti C, Tollervey D. Identification of a regulated pathway for nuclear pre-mRNA turnover. Cell. 2000;102:765-75 pubmed
    ..We propose that nuclear pre-mRNA turnover represents a novel step in the regulation of gene expression. ..
  24. Rougemaille M, Gudipati R, Olesen J, Thomsen R, Seraphin B, Libri D, et al. Dissecting mechanisms of nuclear mRNA surveillance in THO/sub2 complex mutants. EMBO J. 2007;26:2317-26 pubmed
  25. Hieronymus H, Yu M, Silver P. Genome-wide mRNA surveillance is coupled to mRNA export. Genes Dev. 2004;18:2652-62 pubmed
    ..Two of these factors, mRNA surveillance factor Rrp6 and DNA repair protein Lrp1, are nuclear exosome components that physically interact with one another...
  26. Leporé N, Lafontaine D. A functional interface at the rDNA connects rRNA synthesis, pre-rRNA processing and nucleolar surveillance in budding yeast. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e24962 pubmed publisher
    ..Both the Spt4-Spt5, and the Nrd1-Nab3 complexes interact functionally with Rrp6, and colocalize at the rDNA...
  27. Houseley J, Kotovic K, El Hage A, Tollervey D. Trf4 targets ncRNAs from telomeric and rDNA spacer regions and functions in rDNA copy number control. EMBO J. 2007;26:4996-5006 pubmed
    ..in strains lacking TRAMP components, the core exosome protein Mtr3 or the nuclear-specific exosome component Rrp6. IGS1-R has potential binding sites for the RNA-binding proteins Nrd1/Nab3, and was stabilized by mutation of Nrd1...
  28. Copela L, Fernandez C, Sherrer R, Wolin S. Competition between the Rex1 exonuclease and the La protein affects both Trf4p-mediated RNA quality control and pre-tRNA maturation. RNA. 2008;14:1214-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Our experiments reveal that one consequence of Rex1p-dependent 3' trimming is the generation of aberrant RNAs that are targeted for decay by TRAMP. ..
  29. Chernyakov I, Whipple J, Kotelawala L, Grayhack E, Phizicky E. Degradation of several hypomodified mature tRNA species in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is mediated by Met22 and the 5'-3' exonucleases Rat1 and Xrn1. Genes Dev. 2008;22:1369-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The RTD pathway is the first to be implicated in the turnover of mature RNA species from the class of stable RNAs. These results and the results of others demonstrate that tRNA, like mRNA, is subject to multiple quality control steps...
  30. Stead J, Costello J, Livingstone M, Mitchell P. The PMC2NT domain of the catalytic exosome subunit Rrp6p provides the interface for binding with its cofactor Rrp47p, a nucleic acid-binding protein. Nucleic Acids Res. 2007;35:5556-67 pubmed
    ..8S+30 species are predicted to contain helices at their 3' termini, while others such as intergenic or antisense cryptic unstable transcripts could potentially form extensive double-stranded molecules with overlapping mRNAs. ..
  31. Milligan L, Torchet C, Allmang C, Shipman T, Tollervey D. A nuclear surveillance pathway for mRNAs with defective polyadenylation. Mol Cell Biol. 2005;25:9996-10004 pubmed
    ..The catalytically inactive mutant Rrp6-1p did not increase growth of the pap1-5 strain and conferred much less mRNA stabilization than rrp6delta...
  32. Assenholt J, Mouaikel J, Andersen K, Brodersen D, Libri D, Jensen T. Exonucleolysis is required for nuclear mRNA quality control in yeast THO mutants. RNA. 2008;14:2305-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data show that exonucleolytic attack by the nuclear exosome is needed both for provoking mRNP QC and for its ensuing elimination of faulty RNA. ..
  33. van Hoof A, Lennertz P, Parker R. Three conserved members of the RNase D family have unique and overlapping functions in the processing of 5S, 5.8S, U4, U5, RNase MRP and RNase P RNAs in yeast. EMBO J. 2000;19:1357-65 pubmed
  34. Libri D, Dower K, Boulay J, Thomsen R, Rosbash M, Jensen T. Interactions between mRNA export commitment, 3'-end quality control, and nuclear degradation. Mol Cell Biol. 2002;22:8254-66 pubmed
    ..Interestingly, the addition of a RRP6 deletion to sub2 or to THO complex mutants shows a strong synthetic growth phenotype, suggesting that the failure ..
  35. El Hage A, French S, Beyer A, Tollervey D. Loss of Topoisomerase I leads to R-loop-mediated transcriptional blocks during ribosomal RNA synthesis. Genes Dev. 2010;24:1546-58 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that the loss of Top1 enhances inherent R-loop formation, particularly over the 5' region of the rDNA, imposing persistent transcription blocks when RNase H is limiting. ..
  36. Mitchell P, Petfalski E, Houalla R, Podtelejnikov A, Mann M, Tollervey D. Rrp47p is an exosome-associated protein required for the 3' processing of stable RNAs. Mol Cell Biol. 2003;23:6982-92 pubmed
    ..We propose that Rrp47p functions as a substrate-specific nuclear cofactor for exosome activity in the processing of stable RNAs. ..
  37. Davis C, Ares M. Accumulation of unstable promoter-associated transcripts upon loss of the nuclear exosome subunit Rrp6p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:3262-7 pubmed
    Mutations in RRP6 result in the accumulation of aberrant polyadenylated transcripts from small nucleolar RNA genes. We exploited this observation to search for novel noncoding RNA genes in the yeast genome...
  38. Vasiljeva L, Buratowski S. Nrd1 interacts with the nuclear exosome for 3' processing of RNA polymerase II transcripts. Mol Cell. 2006;21:239-48 pubmed
    ..Since Nrd1 is known to bind RNA polymerase II and be important for sn/snoRNA 3' end processing, Nrd1 may link transcription and RNA 3' end formation with surveillance by the exosome. ..
  39. Camblong J, Iglesias N, Fickentscher C, Dieppois G, Stutz F. Antisense RNA stabilization induces transcriptional gene silencing via histone deacetylation in S. cerevisiae. Cell. 2007;131:706-17 pubmed
    ..transcriptome includes numerous antisense RNAs as well as intergenic transcripts regulated by the exosome component Rrp6. We observed that upon the loss of Rrp6 function, two PHO84 antisense transcripts are stabilized, and PHO84 gene ..
  40. Hilleren P, McCarthy T, Rosbash M, Parker R, Jensen T. Quality control of mRNA 3'-end processing is linked to the nuclear exosome. Nature. 2001;413:538-42 pubmed
    ..In exosome mutants, hypo- as well as hyperadenylated mRNAs are released and translated. These observations suggest that the exosome contributes to a checkpoint that monitors proper 3'-end formation of mRNA. ..
  41. Das B, Butler J, Sherman F. Degradation of normal mRNA in the nucleus of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol. 2003;23:5502-15 pubmed
    ..thiolutin in nup116-delta strains revealed a rapid degradation of mRNAs in the nucleus that was suppressed by the rrp6-delta, rai1-delta, and cbc1-delta deletions, but not by the upf1-delta deletion, suggesting that DRN requires Rrp6p,..
  42. Vanacova S, Wolf J, Martin G, Blank D, Dettwiler S, Friedlein A, et al. A new yeast poly(A) polymerase complex involved in RNA quality control. PLoS Biol. 2005;3:e189 pubmed
    ..This polyadenylation-mediated RNA surveillance resembles the role of polyadenylation in bacterial RNA turnover. ..
  43. Costello J, Stead J, Feigenbutz M, Jones R, Mitchell P. The C-terminal region of the exosome-associated protein Rrp47 is specifically required for box C/D small nucleolar RNA 3'-maturation. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:4535-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Rrp47 show similar defects in stable RNA processing to those observed in the absence of the catalytic subunit Rrp6, but the precise mechanism(s) by which Rrp47 functions together with Rrp6 remains unclear...
  44. Arigo J, Eyler D, Carroll K, Corden J. Termination of cryptic unstable transcripts is directed by yeast RNA-binding proteins Nrd1 and Nab3. Mol Cell. 2006;23:841-51 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that transcription termination of CUTs directed by Nrd1 and Nab3 is a prerequisite for rapid degradation by the nuclear exosome. ..
  45. Wyers F, Rougemaille M, Badis G, Rousselle J, Dufour M, Boulay J, et al. Cryptic pol II transcripts are degraded by a nuclear quality control pathway involving a new poly(A) polymerase. Cell. 2005;121:725-37 pubmed
    ..Our data strongly support the existence of a posttranscriptional quality control mechanism limiting inappropriate expression of genetic information. ..
  46. Synowsky S, van den Heuvel R, Mohammed S, Pijnappel P, Heck A. Probing genuine strong interactions and post-translational modifications in the heterogeneous yeast exosome protein complex. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2006;5:1581-92 pubmed
    ..The described multiplexed mass spectrometry-based procedure is generic and thus applicable to many different types of cellular molecular machineries even if they are expressed at endogenous levels. ..
  47. Callahan K, Butler J. TRAMP complex enhances RNA degradation by the nuclear exosome component Rrp6. J Biol Chem. 2010;285:3540-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the nuclear/nucleolar 3'-5' exoribonuclease Rrp6 distinguishes the nuclear exosome from the cytoplasmic exosome...
  48. Feigenbutz M, Jones R, Besong T, Harding S, Mitchell P. Assembly of the yeast exoribonuclease Rrp6 with its associated cofactor Rrp47 occurs in the nucleus and is critical for the controlled expression of Rrp47. J Biol Chem. 2013;288:15959-70 pubmed publisher
    b>Rrp6 is a key catalytic subunit of the nuclear RNA exosome that plays a pivotal role in the processing, degradation, and quality control of a wide range of cellular RNAs...
  49. Abruzzi K, Denome S, Olsen J, Assenholt J, Haaning L, Jensen T, et al. A novel plasmid-based microarray screen identifies suppressors of rrp6Delta in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:1044-55 pubmed
    ..Microarray analyses of gene expression in rrp6Delta strains and a number of suppressor strains support this hypothesis. ..
  50. Carneiro T, Carvalho C, Braga J, Rino J, Milligan L, Tollervey D, et al. Depletion of the yeast nuclear exosome subunit Rrp6 results in accumulation of polyadenylated RNAs in a discrete domain within the nucleolus. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:4157-65 pubmed
    ..within the yeast nucleolus that is enriched in polyadenylated RNAs in the absence of the nuclear exosome RNase Rrp6 or the exosome cofactor Mtr4...
  51. Cloutier S, Ma W, Nguyen L, Tran E. The DEAD-box RNA helicase Dbp2 connects RNA quality control with repression of aberrant transcription. J Biol Chem. 2012;287:26155-66 pubmed publisher
    ..We also show that loss of DBP2 is synthetic lethal with deletion of the nuclear RNA decay factor, RRP6, pointing to a global role for Dbp2 in prevention of aberrant transcriptional products...
  52. Frenk S, Oxley D, Houseley J. The nuclear exosome is active and important during budding yeast meiosis. PLoS ONE. 2014;9:e107648 pubmed publisher
    ..reported that the nuclear exosome is inactivated during meiosis in budding yeast through degradation of the subunit Rrp6, leading to the stabilisation of a subset of meiotic unannotated transcripts (MUTs) of unknown function...
  53. Colombo C, Trovesi C, Menin L, Longhese M, Clerici M. The RNA binding protein Npl3 promotes resection of DNA double-strand breaks by regulating the levels of Exo1. Nucleic Acids Res. 2017;45:6530-6545 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings, together with the observation that EXO1 overexpression partially suppresses the resection defect of npl3? cells, indicate that Npl3 participates in DSB resection by promoting the proper biogenesis of EXO1 mRNA. ..
  54. Feigenbutz M, Garland W, Turner M, Mitchell P. The exosome cofactor Rrp47 is critical for the stability and normal expression of its associated exoribonuclease Rrp6 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e80752 pubmed publisher
    b>Rrp6 is a conserved catalytic subunit of the eukaryotic nuclear exosome ribonuclease complex that functions in the productive 3' end maturation of stable RNAs, the degradation of transiently expressed noncoding transcripts and in discard ..
  55. Gonzales Zubiate F, Okuda E, da Cunha J, Oliveira C. Identification of karyopherins involved in the nuclear import of RNA exosome subunit Rrp6 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem. 2017;292:12267-12284 pubmed publisher
    ..The nuclear exosome is a key factor for pre-rRNA processing through the activity of its catalytic subunits, Rrp6 and Rrp44...
  56. Wasmuth E, Zinder J, Zattas D, Das M, Lima C. Structure and reconstitution of yeast Mpp6-nuclear exosome complexes reveals that Mpp6 stimulates RNA decay and recruits the Mtr4 helicase. elife. 2017;6: pubmed publisher
    ..Mpp6 interacts with the nine-subunit exosome core, while Rrp47 stabilizes the exoribonuclease Rrp6 and recruits Mtr4, but it is less clear if these cofactors work together...