RPA34

Summary

Gene Symbol: RPA34
Description: DNA-directed RNA polymerase I subunit RPA34
Alias: CST21, DNA-directed RNA polymerase I subunit RPA34
Species: Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Top Publications

  1. Beckouët F, Labarre Mariotte S, Albert B, Imazawa Y, Werner M, Gadal O, et al. Two RNA polymerase I subunits control the binding and release of Rrn3 during transcription. Mol Cell Biol. 2008;28:1596-605 pubmed
    b>Rpa34 and Rpa49 are nonessential subunits of RNA polymerase I, conserved in species from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe to humans...
  2. Albert B, Léger Silvestre I, Normand C, Ostermaier M, Pérez Fernández J, Panov K, et al. RNA polymerase I-specific subunits promote polymerase clustering to enhance the rRNA gene transcription cycle. J Cell Biol. 2011;192:277-93 pubmed publisher
    RNA polymerase I (Pol I) produces large ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs). In this study, we show that the Rpa49 and Rpa34 Pol I subunits, which do not have counterparts in Pol II and Pol III complexes, are functionally conserved using ..
  3. Gadal O, Mariotte Labarre S, Chedin S, Quemeneur E, Carles C, Sentenac A, et al. A34.5, a nonessential component of yeast RNA polymerase I, cooperates with subunit A14 and DNA topoisomerase I to produce a functional rRNA synthesis machine. Mol Cell Biol. 1997;17:1787-95 pubmed
    ..A34.5 (but not A14) becomes quasi-essential in strains lacking DNA topoisomerase I, suggesting a specific role of this subunit in helping Pol I to overcome the topological constraints imposed on ribosomal DNA by transcription. ..
  4. Kuhn C, Geiger S, Baumli S, Gartmann M, Gerber J, Jennebach S, et al. Functional architecture of RNA polymerase I. Cell. 2007;131:1260-72 pubmed
    ..In contrast to Pol II, Pol I has a strong intrinsic 3'-RNA cleavage activity, which requires the C-terminal domain of subunit A12.2 and, apparently, enables ribosomal RNA proofreading and 3'-end trimming. ..
  5. Catala M, Tremblay M, Samson E, Conconi A, Abou Elela S. Deletion of Rnt1p alters the proportion of open versus closed rRNA gene repeats in yeast. Mol Cell Biol. 2008;28:619-29 pubmed
    ..The results demonstrate that defects in pre-rRNA processing can influence the chromatin structure of the rRNA gene arrays and reveal links among the rRNA gene chromatin, transcription, and processing. ..
  6. Fernández Tornero C, Moreno Morcillo M, Rashid U, Taylor N, Ruiz F, Gruene T, et al. Crystal structure of the 14-subunit RNA polymerase I. Nature. 2013;502:644-9 pubmed publisher
    ..2 in RNA cleavage and Pol I insensitivity to ?-amanitin. The A49-A34.5 heterodimer embraces subunit A135 through extended arms, thereby contacting and potentially regulating subunit A12.2. ..
  7. Keener J, Josaitis C, Dodd J, Nomura M. Reconstitution of yeast RNA polymerase I transcription in vitro from purified components. TATA-binding protein is not required for basal transcription. J Biol Chem. 1998;273:33795-802 pubmed
    ..The role of TBP in pol I transcription is fundamentally different from its role in pol II or pol III transcription. ..
  8. Van Mullem V, Landrieux E, Vandenhaute J, Thuriaux P. Rpa12p, a conserved RNA polymerase I subunit with two functional domains. Mol Microbiol. 2002;43:1105-13 pubmed
    ..Thus, the N-terminal zinc domain of Rpa12p determines its anchoring to RNA polymerase I and is the only critical part of that subunit in vivo. ..
  9. Teixeira M, Dujon B, Fabre E. Genome-wide nuclear morphology screen identifies novel genes involved in nuclear architecture and gene-silencing in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Mol Biol. 2002;321:551-61 pubmed
    ..Interestingly, these nuclear morphology alterations were associated with chromatin-silencing defects. These genes provide a molecular context to explore the functional link between nuclear architecture and gene silencing. ..

More Information

Publications14

  1. Harris B, Bose T, Lee K, Wang F, Lu S, Ross R, et al. Cohesion promotes nucleolar structure and function. Mol Biol Cell. 2014;25:337-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results strongly suggest that organization of the rDNA provided by cohesion is critical for formation and function of the nucleolus. ..
  2. Briand J, Navarro F, Rematier P, Boschiero C, Labarre S, Werner M, et al. Partners of Rpb8p, a small subunit shared by yeast RNA polymerases I, II and III. Mol Cell Biol. 2001;21:6056-65 pubmed
    ..A ygr089-Delta null mutant has no detectable growth defect but aggravates the conditional growth defect of rpb8 mutants, suggesting that the interaction with Rpb8p may be physiologically relevant. ..
  3. Gadal O, Labarre S, Boschiero C, Thuriaux P. Hmo1, an HMG-box protein, belongs to the yeast ribosomal DNA transcription system. EMBO J. 2002;21:5498-507 pubmed
    ..They are not affected by top1-Delta defective in Top1, the other eukaryotic type I topoisomerase. Conversely, rpa34-Delta mutants lacking Rpa34, a non-essential subunit associated with Rpa49, are lethal in top1-Delta but not in ..
  4. Viktorovskaya O, Appling F, Schneider D. Yeast transcription elongation factor Spt5 associates with RNA polymerase I and RNA polymerase II directly. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:18825-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on these data, we propose a model in which Spt5 is recruited to the rDNA early in transcription and propose that it plays an important role in ribosomal RNA synthesis through direct binding to the Pol I complex. ..
  5. Cieśla M, Makała E, Płonka M, Bazan R, Gewartowski K, Dziembowski A, et al. Rbs1, a new protein implicated in RNA polymerase III biogenesis in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol. 2015;35:1169-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, Rbs1 interacts with the Crm1 exportin and shuttles between the cytoplasm and nucleus. We postulate that Rbs1 binds to the Pol III complex or subcomplex and facilitates its translocation to the nucleus. ..