Gene Symbol: REV3
Description: Rev3p
Alias: PSO1, Rev3p
Species: Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c
Products:     REV3

Top Publications

  1. McDonald J, Levine A, Woodgate R. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD30 gene, a homologue of Escherichia coli dinB and umuC, is DNA damage inducible and functions in a novel error-free postreplication repair mechanism. Genetics. 1997;147:1557-68 pubmed
    ..While rad6 and rad18 are both epistatic to rad30, no epistasis was observed with rev1, rev3, rev7 or rad5, all of which are members of the RAD6 epistasis group...
  2. Abdulovic A, Minesinger B, Jinks Robertson S. Identification of a strand-related bias in the PCNA-mediated bypass of spontaneous lesions by yeast Poleta. DNA Repair (Amst). 2007;6:1307-18 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that there is a polymerase hierarchy between Poleta and Polzeta in the bypass of certain lesions and that the interaction of Poleta with PCNA is needed for some, but not all, spontaneous lesion bypass. ..
  3. Sabbioneda S, Minesinger B, Giannattasio M, Plevani P, Muzi Falconi M, Jinks Robertson S. The 9-1-1 checkpoint clamp physically interacts with polzeta and is partially required for spontaneous polzeta-dependent mutagenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:38657-65 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that, in addition to its checkpoint signaling role, the 9-1-1 clamp may physically regulate Polzeta-dependent mutagenesis by controlling the access of Polzeta to damaged DNA. ..
  4. Pavlov Y, Shcherbakova P, Kunkel T. In vivo consequences of putative active site mutations in yeast DNA polymerases alpha, epsilon, delta, and zeta. Genetics. 2001;159:47-64 pubmed
    ..Strains with same substitution in Rev3, the catalytic subunit of Pol zeta, are nearly UV immutable, suggesting severe loss of function...
  5. Lehner K, Jinks Robertson S. The mismatch repair system promotes DNA polymerase zeta-dependent translesion synthesis in yeast. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:5749-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, in contrast to its ability to remove mistakes made by replicative DNA polymerases, we show that MMR fails to efficiently correct errors introduced by Polzeta. ..
  6. Swanson R, Morey N, Doetsch P, Jinks Robertson S. Overlapping specificities of base excision repair, nucleotide excision repair, recombination, and translesion synthesis pathways for DNA base damage in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol. 1999;19:2929-35 pubmed
    ..In addition, removal of either the lesion bypass (Rev3p-dependent) or recombination (Rad52p-dependent) pathway specifically enhances the hyper-rec or mutator phenotype, ..
  7. Endo K, Tago Y, Daigaku Y, Yamamoto K. Error-free RAD52 pathway and error-prone REV3 pathway determines spontaneous mutagenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genes Genet Syst. 2007;82:35-42 pubmed
    ..gene in haploid cells or heterozygous diploid cells, we characterized the effects of mutations in the RAD52 and REV3 genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in spontaneous mutagenesis...
  8. Zhang H, Chatterjee A, Singh K. Saccharomyces cerevisiae polymerase zeta functions in mitochondria. Genetics. 2006;172:2683-8 pubmed
    ..Supporting this evidence, both polymerase zeta and Rev1p were found to be localized in the mitochondria. This is the first report demonstrating that the DNA polymerase zeta and Rev1 proteins function in the mitochondria. ..
  9. Johnson R, Haracska L, Prakash S, Prakash L. Role of DNA polymerase eta in the bypass of a (6-4) TT photoproduct. Mol Cell Biol. 2001;21:3558-63 pubmed

More Information


  1. Pessoa Brandao L, Sclafani R. CDC7/DBF4 functions in the translesion synthesis branch of the RAD6 epistasis group in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2004;167:1597-610 pubmed
    ..Several genes have been determined to function in separate branches within this group, including RAD5, REV3/REV7 (Pol zeta), RAD30 (Pol eta), and POL30 (PCNA)...
  2. Karras G, Jentsch S. The RAD6 DNA damage tolerance pathway operates uncoupled from the replication fork and is functional beyond S phase. Cell. 2010;141:255-67 pubmed publisher
    ..We therefore propose that the RAD6 pathway acts on single-stranded gaps left behind newly restarted replication forks. ..
  3. Brusky J, Zhu Y, Xiao W. UBC13, a DNA-damage-inducible gene, is a member of the error-free postreplication repair pathway in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Curr Genet. 2000;37:168-74 pubmed
    ..We also found that ubc13 is synergistic to the error-prone PRR pathway mutation rev3, indicating that UBC13 is in a pathway alternative to REV3 mutagenesis...
  4. Abdulovic A, Jinks Robertson S. The in vivo characterization of translesion synthesis across UV-induced lesions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: insights into Pol zeta- and Pol eta-dependent frameshift mutagenesis. Genetics. 2006;172:1487-98 pubmed
    ..Finally, the examination of frameshift reversion spectra indicates a hierarchy between Pol eta and Pol zeta with respect to the bypass of UV-induced lesions. ..
  5. Johnson R, Torres Ramos C, Izumi T, Mitra S, Prakash S, Prakash L. Identification of APN2, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae homolog of the major human AP endonuclease HAP1, and its role in the repair of abasic sites. Genes Dev. 1998;12:3137-43 pubmed
    ..apn1Delta apn2Delta strain displays a highly elevated level of MMS-induced mutagenesis, which is dependent on the REV3, REV7, and REV1 genes...
  6. Johnson R, Yu S, Prakash S, Prakash L. A role for yeast and human translesion synthesis DNA polymerases in promoting replication through 3-methyl adenine. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:7198-205 pubmed
    ..We discuss these results in the context of previous observations that have been made for the roles of Pols eta, iota, and kappa in promoting replication through the minor-groove N2-dG adducts. ..
  7. Johnson R, Yu S, Prakash S, Prakash L. Yeast DNA polymerase zeta (zeta) is essential for error-free replication past thymine glycol. Genes Dev. 2003;17:77-87 pubmed
    ..Intriguingly, however, disruption of the REV3 gene, which encodes the catalytic subunit of Polzeta, causes early embryonic lethality in mice...
  8. Northam M, Garg P, Baitin D, Burgers P, Shcherbakova P. A novel function of DNA polymerase zeta regulated by PCNA. EMBO J. 2006;25:4316-25 pubmed
  9. Shah K, Shishkin A, Voineagu I, Pavlov Y, Shcherbakova P, Mirkin S. Role of DNA polymerases in repeat-mediated genome instability. Cell Rep. 2012;2:1088-95 pubmed publisher
    ..The increases in repeat-mediated instability observed in DNA polymerase ? mutants depended on translesion DNA polymerases. We conclude that repeat expansions and RIM are two sides of the same replicative mechanism. ..
  10. Johnson R, Prakash L, Prakash S. Pol31 and Pol32 subunits of yeast DNA polymerase ? are also essential subunits of DNA polymerase ?. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:12455-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Pol? comprises the Rev3 catalytic and Rev7 accessory subunits...
  11. Flott S, Alabert C, Toh G, Toth R, Sugawara N, Campbell D, et al. Phosphorylation of Slx4 by Mec1 and Tel1 regulates the single-strand annealing mode of DNA repair in budding yeast. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:6433-45 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that Slx4 has multiple functions in responding to DNA damage and that a subset of these are regulated by Mec1/Tel1-dependent phosphorylation. ..
  12. Xiao W, Chow B, Broomfield S, Hanna M. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD6 group is composed of an error-prone and two error-free postreplication repair pathways. Genetics. 2000;155:1633-41 pubmed
    ..can be exclusively divided into three rather than two independent subpathways represented by the RAD5, POL30, and REV3 genes; the REV3 pathway is largely mutagenic, whereas the RAD5 and the POL30 pathways are deemed error free...
  13. Kats E, Enserink J, Martinez S, Kolodner R. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rad6 postreplication repair and Siz1/Srs2 homologous recombination-inhibiting pathways process DNA damage that arises in asf1 mutants. Mol Cell Biol. 2009;29:5226-37 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results show that ASF1 probably contributes to the maintenance of genome stability through multiple mechanisms, some of which involve the PRR and HRS pathways...
  14. Cejka P, Vondrejs V, Storchova Z. Dissection of the functions of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD6 postreplicative repair group in mutagenesis and UV sensitivity. Genetics. 2001;159:953-63 pubmed
    ..of strains expressing various alleles of the RAD6 gene and single and multiple mutants of the RAD6, RAD5, RAD18, REV3, and MMS2 genes from the RAD6 repair group...
  15. Guo D, Wu X, Rajpal D, Taylor J, Wang Z. Translesion synthesis by yeast DNA polymerase zeta from templates containing lesions of ultraviolet radiation and acetylaminofluorene. Nucleic Acids Res. 2001;29:2875-83 pubmed
    ..Secondly, more efficient bypass of these lesions may require nucleotide incorporation by other DNA polymerases followed by extension DNA synthesis by Polzeta...
  16. Hirano Y, Sugimoto K. ATR homolog Mec1 controls association of DNA polymerase zeta-Rev1 complex with regions near a double-strand break. Curr Biol. 2006;16:586-90 pubmed
    ..Polzeta consists of two subunits, one encoded by REV3 (the catalytic subunit) and the other encoded by REV7...
  17. Ball L, Zhang K, Cobb J, Boone C, Xiao W. The yeast Shu complex couples error-free post-replication repair to homologous recombination. Mol Microbiol. 2009;73:89-102 pubmed publisher
    ..This mechanism appears to be conserved throughout eukaryotes. ..
  18. Gibbs P, McDonald J, Woodgate R, Lawrence C. The relative roles in vivo of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pol eta, Pol zeta, Rev1 protein and Pol32 in the bypass and mutation induction of an abasic site, T-T (6-4) photoadduct and T-T cis-syn cyclobutane dimer. Genetics. 2005;169:575-82 pubmed abasic site, T-T (6-4) photoadduct and T-T cis-syn cyclobutane dimer, by transforming strains deleted for RAD30, REV3, REV1, or POL32 with duplex plasmids carrying one of these DNA lesions located within a 28-nucleotide single-..
  19. Conde F, San Segundo P. Role of Dot1 in the response to alkylating DNA damage in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: regulation of DNA damage tolerance by the error-prone polymerases Polzeta/Rev1. Genetics. 2008;179:1197-210 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the rev1 dot1 and rev3 dot1 mutants show enhanced MMS sensitivity and dot1 does not attenuate the MMS sensitivity of rad52 rev3 or rad52 ..
  20. Xiao W, Chow B, Hanna M, Doetsch P. Deletion of the MAG1 DNA glycosylase gene suppresses alkylation-induced killing and mutagenesis in yeast cells lacking AP endonucleases. Mutat Res. 2001;487:137-47 pubmed
    ..These results allow us to delineate base lesion flow within the BER pathway and link AP sites to other DNA damage repair and tolerance pathways. ..
  21. Makarova A, Stodola J, Burgers P. A four-subunit DNA polymerase ? complex containing Pol ? accessory subunits is essential for PCNA-mediated mutagenesis. Nucleic Acids Res. 2012;40:11618-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Previously, a two-subunit Rev3-Rev7 complex had been identified as the minimal assembly required for catalytic activity in vitro...
  22. Huang D, Piening B, Paulovich A. The preference for error-free or error-prone postreplication repair in Saccharomyces cerevisiae exposed to low-dose methyl methanesulfonate is cell cycle dependent. Mol Cell Biol. 2013;33:1515-27 pubmed publisher
    ..However, when PRR is restricted to the G2 phase, cells utilize REV3-dependent translesion synthesis, which requires a MEC1-dependent delay and results in significant hypermutability.
  23. Broomfield S, Xiao W. Suppression of genetic defects within the RAD6 pathway by srs2 is specific for error-free post-replication repair but not for damage-induced mutagenesis. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002;30:732-9 pubmed
    ..rather independent subpathways: two error-free (represented by RAD5 and POL30) and one error-prone (represented by REV3)...
  24. Guillet M, van der Kemp P, Boiteux S. dUTPase activity is critical to maintain genetic stability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nucleic Acids Res. 2006;34:2056-66 pubmed
    ..the dut1-1 strain mutation spectrum showed that cytosines are preferentially incorporated in front of AP sites in a Rev3-dependent manner during translesion synthesis...
  25. Lemontt J. Mutants of yeast defective in mutation induced by ultraviolet light. Genetics. 1971;68:21-33 pubmed
  26. Huang M, Rio A, Galibert M, Galibert F. Pol32, a subunit of Saccharomyces cerevisiae DNA polymerase delta, suppresses genomic deletions and is involved in the mutagenic bypass pathway. Genetics. 2002;160:1409-22 pubmed
    ..Here, by measuring the CAN1 forward mutation rate, we found that either POL32 or REV3 (which encodes the Pol zeta catalytic subunit) inactivation produces overlapping antimutator effects against rad ..
  27. Barbour L, Ball L, Zhang K, Xiao W. DNA damage checkpoints are involved in postreplication repair. Genetics. 2006;174:1789-800 pubmed
    ..variant, belongs to the error-free branch of the RAD6 postreplication repair (PRR) pathway, and is parallel to the REV3-mediated mutagenesis branch...
  28. Gangavarapu V, Prakash S, Prakash L. Requirement of RAD52 group genes for postreplication repair of UV-damaged DNA in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:7758-64 pubmed
    ..In addition, our results suggest a role for the Rad50 and Xrs2 proteins and thereby for the MRX complex in promoting PRR via both the Rad5 and Rad52 pathways. ..
  29. Tran P, Fey J, Erdeniz N, Gellon L, Boiteux S, Liskay R. A mutation in EXO1 defines separable roles in DNA mismatch repair and post-replication repair. DNA Repair (Amst). 2007;6:1572-83 pubmed
    ..Lastly, by using a compound exo1 mutant that was defective for interaction with Mlh1p and deficient for nuclease activity, we provide further evidence that Exo1p plays both structural and catalytic roles during MMR. ..
  30. Xiao W, Chow B, Fontanie T, Ma L, Bacchetti S, Hryciw T, et al. Genetic interactions between error-prone and error-free postreplication repair pathways in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mutat Res. 1999;435:1-11 pubmed
    ..In addition, mutagenenic effects and genetic interactions of the mms2 mutator and rev3 anti-mutator were examined with respect to forward mutations, frameshift reversions as well as amber and ochre ..
  31. Yang Y, Sterling J, Storici F, Resnick M, Gordenin D. Hypermutability of damaged single-strand DNA formed at double-strand breaks and uncapped telomeres in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. PLoS Genet. 2008;4:e1000264 pubmed publisher
    ..Hypermutability and multiple mutations associated with lesions in transient stretches of long single-strand DNA may be a source of carcinogenesis and provide selective advantage in adaptive evolution. ..
  32. Karras G, Fumasoni M, Sienski G, Vanoli F, Branzei D, Jentsch S. Noncanonical role of the 9-1-1 clamp in the error-free DNA damage tolerance pathway. Mol Cell. 2013;49:536-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings thus reveal unexpected cooperation in the error-free pathway between the two related clamps and indicate that 9-1-1 plays a broader role in the DNA damage response than previously assumed. ..
  33. Erlich R, Fry R, Begley T, Daee D, Lahue R, Samson L. Anc1, a protein associated with multiple transcription complexes, is involved in postreplication repair pathway in S. cerevisiae. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e3717 pubmed publisher
    ..Anc1's role in the PRR pathway, as well as its role in suppressing triplet repeats, point to a possible mechanism for a protein of potential medical interest. ..
  34. Suzuki M, Niimi A, Limsirichaikul S, Tomida S, Miao Huang Q, Izuta S, et al. PCNA mono-ubiquitination and activation of translesion DNA polymerases by DNA polymerase {alpha}. J Biochem. 2009;146:13-21 pubmed publisher
    ..These data suggest that nucleotide misincorporation by pol alpha induces exposure of single-stranded DNA, PCNA mono-ubiquitination and activates TLS pols. ..
  35. Minesinger B, Abdulovic A, Ou T, Jinks Robertson S. The effect of oxidative metabolism on spontaneous Pol zeta-dependent translesion synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. DNA Repair (Amst). 2006;5:226-34 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that translesion bypass of spontaneously oxidized DNA bases can be a significant source of mutagenesis in repair compromised cells. ..
  36. Sakamoto A, Stone J, Kissling G, McCulloch S, Pavlov Y, Kunkel T. Mutator alleles of yeast DNA polymerase zeta. DNA Repair (Amst). 2007;6:1829-38 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that Rev3p-Leu979 replacements reduce the fidelity of DNA synthesis by yeast pol zetain vivo...
  37. Zhao B, Xie Z, Shen H, Wang Z. Role of DNA polymerase eta in the bypass of abasic sites in yeast cells. Nucleic Acids Res. 2004;32:3984-94 pubmed
    ..In cells lacking Poleta (rad30), Rev1, Polzeta (rev3), and both Poleta and Polzeta, translesion synthesis was reduced to 30%, 30%, 15% and 3% of the wild-type level, ..
  38. Stelter P, Ulrich H. Control of spontaneous and damage-induced mutagenesis by SUMO and ubiquitin conjugation. Nature. 2003;425:188-91 pubmed
    ..Our findings assign a function to SUMO during S phase and demonstrate how ubiquitin and SUMO, by regulating the accuracy of replication and repair, contribute to overall genomic stability. ..
  39. Minesinger B, Jinks Robertson S. Roles of RAD6 epistasis group members in spontaneous polzeta-dependent translesion synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2005;169:1939-55 pubmed
    ..A third error-free pathway relies on the presence of Mms2, but may not require PCNA. ..
  40. Roche H, Gietz R, Kunz B. Specificity of the yeast rev3 delta antimutator and REV3 dependency of the mutator resulting from a defect (rad1 delta) in nucleotide excision repair. Genetics. 1994;137:637-46 pubmed
    The yeast REV3 gene has been predicted to encode a DNA polymerase specializing in translesion synthesis. This polymerase likely participates in spontaneous mutagenesis, as rev3 mutants have an antimutator phenotype...
  41. Daigaku Y, Davies A, Ulrich H. Ubiquitin-dependent DNA damage bypass is separable from genome replication. Nature. 2010;465:951-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Our approach has revealed the distribution of PRR tracts in a synchronized cell population. It will allow an in-depth mechanistic analysis of how cells manage the processing of lesions to their genomes during and after replication. ..
  42. Xie Z, Braithwaite E, Guo D, Zhao B, Geacintov N, Wang Z. Mutagenesis of benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide in yeast: requirement for DNA polymerase zeta and involvement of DNA polymerase eta. Biochemistry. 2003;42:11253-62 pubmed
    ..In rev3 mutant cells lacking Pol(zeta), (+/-)-anti-BPDE-induced mutagenesis was mostly abolished, leading to a great ..
  43. Gallego Sánchez A, Andrés S, Conde F, San Segundo P, Bueno A. Reversal of PCNA ubiquitylation by Ubp10 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1002826 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, we report that Ubp10 counteracts Rad18 E3-ubiquitin ligase activity on PCNA at lysine 164 in such a manner that deregulation of Ubp10 expression causes tolerance impairment and MMS hypersensitivity. ..
  44. Acharya N, Johnson R, Prakash S, Prakash L. Complex formation with Rev1 enhances the proficiency of Saccharomyces cerevisiae DNA polymerase zeta for mismatch extension and for extension opposite from DNA lesions. Mol Cell Biol. 2006;26:9555-63 pubmed
    Rev1, a Y family DNA polymerase (Pol) functions together with Polzeta, a B family Pol comprised of the Rev3 catalytic subunit and Rev7 accessory subunit, in promoting translesion DNA synthesis (TLS)...
  45. Stone J, Kissling G, Lujan S, Rogozin I, Stith C, Burgers P, et al. Low-fidelity DNA synthesis by the L979F mutator derivative of Saccharomyces cerevisiae DNA polymerase zeta. Nucleic Acids Res. 2009;37:3774-87 pubmed publisher
    ..Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pol zeta in which phenyalanine was substituted for the conserved Leu-979 in the catalytic (Rev3) subunit...
  46. Chen C, Motegi A, Hasegawa Y, Myung K, Kolodner R, D ANDREA A. Genetic analysis of ionizing radiation-induced mutagenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae reveals TransLesion Synthesis (TLS) independent of PCNA K164 SUMOylation and ubiquitination. DNA Repair (Amst). 2006;5:1475-88 pubmed
    ..Of the mutations inactivating TLS polymerases, rev3 and rev1 caused equally severe defects in IR-IM whereas rad30 did not significantly affect the process...
  47. Hishida T, Ohya T, Kubota Y, Kamada Y, Shinagawa H. Functional and physical interaction of yeast Mgs1 with PCNA: impact on RAD6-dependent DNA damage tolerance. Mol Cell Biol. 2006;26:5509-17 pubmed
    ..The proposed roles for Mgs1, Srs2, and modified PCNA during replication arrest highlight the importance of modulating the RAD6 and RAD52 pathways to avoid genome instability. ..
  48. Broomfield S, Chow B, Xiao W. MMS2, encoding a ubiquitin-conjugating-enzyme-like protein, is a member of the yeast error-free postreplication repair pathway. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998;95:5678-83 pubmed
    ..The rad6 and rad18 mutants are defective in both pathways, and the rev3 mutant affects only the mutagenesis pathway, but a yeast gene that is involved only in error-free postreplication ..
  49. Nelson J, Lawrence C, Hinkle D. Thymine-thymine dimer bypass by yeast DNA polymerase zeta. Science. 1996;272:1646-9 pubmed
    The REV3 and REV7 genes of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are required for DNA damage-induced mutagenesis. The Rev3 and Rev7 proteins were shown to form a complex with DNA polymerase activity...
  50. Kadyrova L, Mertz T, Zhang Y, Northam M, Sheng Z, Lobachev K, et al. A reversible histone H3 acetylation cooperates with mismatch repair and replicative polymerases in maintaining genome stability. PLoS Genet. 2013;9:e1003899 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that cyclic acetylation and deacetylation of chromatin contribute to replication fidelity and play important roles in the protection of nuclear DNA from diverse spontaneous mutations. ..
  51. Doerfler L, Schmidt K. Exo1 phosphorylation status controls the hydroxyurea sensitivity of cells lacking the Pol32 subunit of DNA polymerases delta and zeta. DNA Repair (Amst). 2014;24:26-36 pubmed publisher
  52. Saugar I, Parker J, Zhao S, Ulrich H. The genome maintenance factor Mgs1 is targeted to sites of replication stress by ubiquitylated PCNA. Nucleic Acids Res. 2012;40:245-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Our identification of Mgs1 as a UBZ-dependent downstream effector of ubiquitylated PCNA suggests an explanation for the ambivalent role of the protein in damage processing. ..
  53. Gonzalez Huici V, Szakal B, Urulangodi M, Psakhye I, Castellucci F, Menolfi D, et al. DNA bending facilitates the error-free DNA damage tolerance pathway and upholds genome integrity. EMBO J. 2014;33:327-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, the results suggest that replication-associated topological changes involving the molecular DNA bender, Hmo1, set the stage for dedicated repair reactions that limit errors during replication and impact on genome stability. ..
  54. Haruta N, Kubota Y, Hishida T. Chronic low-dose ultraviolet-induced mutagenesis in nucleotide excision repair-deficient cells. Nucleic Acids Res. 2012;40:8406-15 pubmed
    ..More generally, our data suggest that Pol? can act as both an error-free and a mutagenic DNA polymerase, depending on whether the NER pathway is available to efficiently repair damaged templates. ..
  55. Ball L, Hanna M, Lambrecht A, Mitchell B, Ziola B, Cobb J, et al. The Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2 complex is required for yeast DNA postreplication repair. PLoS ONE. 2014;9:e109292 pubmed publisher
  56. Kim N, Jinks Robertson S. dUTP incorporation into genomic DNA is linked to transcription in yeast. Nature. 2009;459:1150-3 pubmed publisher
    ..These results show an unexpected relationship between transcription and the fidelity of DNA synthesis, and raise intriguing cell biological issues with regard to nucleotide pool compartmentalization. ..
  57. Henriques J, Moustacchi E. Interactions between mutations for sensitivity to psoralen photoaddition (pso) and to radiation (rad) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Bacteriol. 1981;148:248-56 pubmed
    ..photoaddition, which induces both deoxyribonucleic acid interstrand cross-links and monoadditions, the pso1 mutation is epistatic to the rad6, rad52, and pso2 mutations, whereas it is synergistic to rad3...