Gene Symbol: RAD59
Description: Rad59p
Alias: Rad59p
Species: Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Top Publications

  1. Pannunzio N, Manthey G, Bailis A. RAD59 is required for efficient repair of simultaneous double-strand breaks resulting in translocations in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. DNA Repair (Amst). 2008;7:788-800 pubmed publisher
    ..Notably, RAD59 was found to play a particularly significant role in recombination between the short substrates that was partially ..
  2. Pannunzio N, Manthey G, Liddell L, Fu B, Roberts C, Bailis A. Rad59 regulates association of Rad52 with DNA double-strand breaks. Microbiologyopen. 2012;1:285-97 pubmed publisher
    ..a nonconservative homologous recombination mechanism, single-strand annealing, and identified the Rad52 paralog, Rad59, as an important factor...
  3. Lisby M, Barlow J, Burgess R, Rothstein R. Choreography of the DNA damage response: spatiotemporal relationships among checkpoint and repair proteins. Cell. 2004;118:699-713 pubmed
  4. Wu Y, Sugiyama T, Kowalczykowski S. DNA annealing mediated by Rad52 and Rad59 proteins. J Biol Chem. 2006;281:15441-9 pubmed
    ..cerevisiae, the RAD52 gene is essential for all homologous recombination events and its homologue, the RAD59 gene, is important for those that occur independently of RAD51...
  5. Pannunzio N, Manthey G, Bailis A. RAD59 and RAD1 cooperate in translocation formation by single-strand annealing in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Curr Genet. 2010;56:87-100 pubmed publisher
    ..breaks leads to the formation of chromosomal translocations by single-strand annealing (SSA) and found that Rad59, a paralog of the single-stranded DNA annealing protein Rad52, is critically important in this process...
  6. Ira G, Malkova A, Liberi G, Foiani M, Haber J. Srs2 and Sgs1-Top3 suppress crossovers during double-strand break repair in yeast. Cell. 2003;115:401-11 pubmed
    ..Srs2 promotes the noncrossover synthesis-dependent strand-annealing (SDSA) pathway, apparently by regulating Rad51 binding during strand exchange. ..
  7. González Barrera S, Garcia Rubio M, Aguilera A. Transcription and double-strand breaks induce similar mitotic recombination events in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2002;162:603-14 pubmed
    ..Gene conversions and inversions were differently affected by rad1, rad51, rad52, and rad59 single and double mutations, consistent with the actual view that such events occur by different recombination ..
  8. Bai Y, Davis A, Symington L. A novel allele of RAD52 that causes severe DNA repair and recombination deficiencies only in the absence of RAD51 or RAD59. Genetics. 1999;153:1117-30 pubmed
    ..b>RAD59, a component of the RAD51-independent pathway, was identified previously by screening for mutations that reduced ..
  9. Petukhova G, Stratton S, Sung P. Single strand DNA binding and annealing activities in the yeast recombination factor Rad59. J Biol Chem. 1999;274:33839-42 pubmed
    Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD59 gene is required for homologous recombination processes and normal level of resistance to ionizing radiation...

More Information


  1. Oum J, Seong C, Kwon Y, Ji J, Sid A, Ramakrishnan S, et al. RSC facilitates Rad59-dependent homologous recombination between sister chromatids by promoting cohesin loading at DNA double-strand breaks. Mol Cell Biol. 2011;31:3924-37 pubmed publisher
    ..RSC physically interacts with the recombination protein Rad59 and functions in homologous recombination...
  2. Signon L, Malkova A, Naylor M, Klein H, Haber J. Genetic requirements for RAD51- and RAD54-independent break-induced replication repair of a chromosomal double-strand break. Mol Cell Biol. 2001;21:2048-56 pubmed
    ..DSB-induced gene conversion is not significantly affected when RAD50, RAD59, TID1 (RDH54), SRS2, or SGS1 is deleted...
  3. Wu Y, Siino J, Sugiyama T, Kowalczykowski S. The DNA binding preference of RAD52 and RAD59 proteins: implications for RAD52 and RAD59 protein function in homologous recombination. J Biol Chem. 2006;281:40001-9 pubmed
    ..DNA (dsDNA) binding preference of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rad52 protein and its homologue, the Rad59 protein...
  4. Debrauwere H, Loeillet S, Lin W, Lopes J, Nicolas A. Links between replication and recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: a hypersensitive requirement for homologous recombination in the absence of Rad27 activity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001;98:8263-9 pubmed
    ..mre11s) and additional gene deletions (com1/sae2, srs2) exhibit synthetic lethality with rad27 Delta and that rad59 Delta exhibits synergistic effects with rad27 Delta...
  5. Davis A, Symington L. The Rad52-Rad59 complex interacts with Rad51 and replication protein A. DNA Repair (Amst). 2003;2:1127-34 pubmed
    ..Rad52 forms complexes with Rad51, replication protein A (RPA) or Rad59 and its presence is essential for the formation of Rad51-Rad52-Rad59 and RPA-Rad52-Rad59 complexes...
  6. Cortes Ledesma F, Malagon F, Aguilera A. A novel yeast mutation, rad52-L89F, causes a specific defect in Rad51-independent recombination that correlates with a reduced ability of Rad52-L89F to interact with Rad59. Genetics. 2004;168:553-7 pubmed
    ..displays phenotypes similar to rad59Delta and encodes a mutant protein impaired in its ability to interact with Rad59. These results support the idea that Rad59 acts in homologous recombination via physical interaction with Rad52.
  7. Shi I, Hallwyl S, Seong C, Mortensen U, Rothstein R, Sung P. Role of the Rad52 amino-terminal DNA binding activity in DNA strand capture in homologous recombination. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:33275-84 pubmed publisher
    ..These results provide evidence that DNA binding by the evolutionarily conserved amino terminus of Rad52 is needed for the capture of the second DNA end during homologous recombination. ..
  8. Manthey G, Bailis A. Rad51 inhibits translocation formation by non-conservative homologous recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e11889 pubmed publisher
  9. Symington L. Homologous recombination is required for the viability of rad27 mutants. Nucleic Acids Res. 1998;26:5589-95 pubmed
    ..to strains containing a mutation in either the RAD1, RAD50, RAD51, RAD52, RAD54, RAD55, RAD57, MRE11, XRS2 or RAD59 gene. In no case were viable spore products recovered that contained both mutations...
  10. Feng Q, Düring L, de Mayolo A, Lettier G, Lisby M, Erdeniz N, et al. Rad52 and Rad59 exhibit both overlapping and distinct functions. DNA Repair (Amst). 2007;6:27-37 pubmed
    ..In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Rad52 is a central recombination protein, whereas its paralogue, Rad59, plays a more subtle role in homologous recombination...
  11. Psakhye I, Jentsch S. Protein group modification and synergy in the SUMO pathway as exemplified in DNA repair. Cell. 2012;151:807-820 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that SUMOylation may thus often target a protein group rather than individual proteins, whereas localized modification enzymes and highly specific triggers ensure specificity. ..
  12. Cortes Ledesma F, Tous C, Aguilera A. Different genetic requirements for repair of replication-born double-strand breaks by sister-chromatid recombination and break-induced replication. Nucleic Acids Res. 2007;35:6560-70 pubmed
    ..As expected, both events depend on Rad52, but, in contrast to previous data, both require Rad59, suggesting a prominent role of Rad59 in repair of replication-born DSBs...
  13. Sugawara N, Ira G, Haber J. DNA length dependence of the single-strand annealing pathway and the role of Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD59 in double-strand break repair. Mol Cell Biol. 2000;20:5300-9 pubmed
    ..17-kb substrates, SSA was reduced fourfold. DSB-induced gene conversion also showed a partial dependence on Rad59p, again being greatest when the homologous-sequence length was short...
  14. Torres J, Schnakenberg S, Zakian V. Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rrm3p DNA helicase promotes genome integrity by preventing replication fork stalling: viability of rrm3 cells requires the intra-S-phase checkpoint and fork restart activities. Mol Cell Biol. 2004;24:3198-212 pubmed
    ..The rrm3 system provides a unique opportunity to learn the fate of forks whose progress is impaired by natural impediments rather than by exogenous DNA damage. ..
  15. Davis A, Symington L. The yeast recombinational repair protein Rad59 interacts with Rad52 and stimulates single-strand annealing. Genetics. 2001;159:515-25 pubmed
    ..Genetic studies indicate that the Rad52 and Rad59 proteins act in the same recombination pathway either as a complex or through overlapping functions...
  16. Bai Y, Symington L. A Rad52 homolog is required for RAD51-independent mitotic recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genes Dev. 1996;10:2025-37 pubmed
    ..One mutation identified, rad59, reduced recombination 1200-fold in the presence of a rad51 mutation, but only 4- to 5-fold in a wild-type ..
  17. Vance J, Wilson T. Yeast Tdp1 and Rad1-Rad10 function as redundant pathways for repairing Top1 replicative damage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:13669-74 pubmed
    ..The Rad1-Rad10 pathway further particularly depends on RAD59 and SRS2 but is independent of other nucleotide excision repair genes...
  18. Ui A, Seki M, Ogiwara H, Lai M, Yamamoto K, Tada S, et al. Activation of a novel pathway involving Mms1 and Rad59 in sgs1 cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007;356:1031-7 pubmed
    ..from this study show that defects in the Rad51-Sgs1-dependent and Sgs1-dependent lesion-bypass pathways activate Rad59-Rad1- and Rad59-dependent pathways, respectively, resulting in uSCR...
  19. Moriel Carretero M, Aguilera A. A postincision-deficient TFIIH causes replication fork breakage and uncovers alternative Rad51- or Pol32-mediated restart mechanisms. Mol Cell. 2010;37:690-701 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results define the genetic and molecular hallmarks of replication fork breakage and restart and bring insights to understand specific NER-related human syndromes. ..
  20. Spell R, Jinks Robertson S. Role of mismatch repair in the fidelity of RAD51- and RAD59-dependent recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2003;165:1733-44 pubmed
    ..demonstrated differences in the fidelity of recombination in pathways defined by their dependence on RAD51 and RAD59. In addition, the regulation of homeologous recombination in rad51 and rad59 mutants displayed distinct patterns ..
  21. Burgess R, Rahman S, Lisby M, Rothstein R, Zhao X. The Slx5-Slx8 complex affects sumoylation of DNA repair proteins and negatively regulates recombination. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:6153-62 pubmed
    ..In addition, the complex inhibits Rad51-independent recombination via modulating the sumoylation of DNA repair proteins. ..
  22. Silva S, Altmannova V, Eckert Boulet N, Kolesar P, Gallina I, Hang L, et al. SUMOylation of Rad52-Rad59 synergistically change the outcome of mitotic recombination. DNA Repair (Amst). 2016;42:11-25 pubmed publisher
    ..we show that SUMOylation stabilizes the interaction between the recombination mediator Rad52 and its paralogue Rad59 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae...
  23. Lee M, Lee C, Demin A, Munashingha P, Amangyeld T, Kwon B, et al. Rad52/Rad59-dependent recombination as a means to rectify faulty Okazaki fragment processing. J Biol Chem. 2014;289:15064-79 pubmed publisher
    ..was dispensable for the suppression, whereas both the DNA annealing activity and its ability to interact with Rad59 were essential...
  24. Pennaneach V, Kolodner R. Recombination and the Tel1 and Mec1 checkpoints differentially effect genome rearrangements driven by telomere dysfunction in yeast. Nat Genet. 2004;36:612-7 pubmed
    ..Inactivation of Tel1 or either the Rad51 or Rad59 recombination pathways in telomerase-deficient cells increased the GCR rate, even though telomeres were maintained...
  25. Chen Q, Ijpma A, Greider C. Two survivor pathways that allow growth in the absence of telomerase are generated by distinct telomere recombination events. Mol Cell Biol. 2001;21:1819-27 pubmed
    ..Here we examined the effects of the RAD50 and the RAD51 epistasis groups as well as the RAD52 homologue, RAD59, on the types of survivors generated in the absence of telomerase...
  26. Liddell L, Manthey G, Owens S, Fu B, Bailis A. Alleles of the homologous recombination gene, RAD59, identify multiple responses to disrupted DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. BMC Microbiol. 2013;13:229 pubmed publisher
    In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Rad59 is required for multiple homologous recombination mechanisms and viability in DNA replication-defective rad27 mutant cells...
  27. Esta A, Ma E, Dupaigne P, Maloisel L, Guerois R, Le Cam E, et al. Rad52 sumoylation prevents the toxicity of unproductive Rad51 filaments independently of the anti-recombinase Srs2. PLoS Genet. 2013;9:e1003833 pubmed publisher
    ..This conclusion is strengthened by the finding that Rad52 is often associated with complete Rad51 filaments in vitro...
  28. Tsang C, Zheng X. Opposing role of condensin and radiation-sensitive gene RAD52 in ribosomal DNA stability regulation. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:21908-19 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast, deletion of RAD52 restores cell viability under the same conditions. These results reveal an opposing role of condensin and Rad52 in the control of rDNA stability under nutrient starvation conditions. ..
  29. Hwang J, Smith S, Ceschia A, Torres Rosell J, Aragon L, Myung K. Smc5-Smc6 complex suppresses gross chromosomal rearrangements mediated by break-induced replications. DNA Repair (Amst). 2008;7:1426-36 pubmed publisher
  30. Sarangi P, Altmannova V, Holland C, Bartosova Z, Hao F, Anrather D, et al. A versatile scaffold contributes to damage survival via sumoylation and nuclease interactions. Cell Rep. 2014;9:143-52 pubmed publisher
    ..These effects of Saw1 and its sumoylation suggest that Saw1 is a multifunctional scaffold that can facilitate diverse types of DNA repair through its modification and nuclease interactions. ..
  31. Mukherjee K, Storici F. A mechanism of gene amplification driven by small DNA fragments. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1003119 pubmed publisher
    ..SFDA is dependent on Rad52 and Rad59, partially dependent on Rad1, Rad10, and Pol32, and independent of Rad51, suggesting a single-strand annealing ..
  32. Churikov D, Charifi F, Simon M, Géli V. Rad59-facilitated acquisition of Y' elements by short telomeres delays the onset of senescence. PLoS Genet. 2014;10:e1004736 pubmed publisher
    ..and internal repeats on other chromosome ends was largely independent of Rad51, but instead it was facilitated by Rad59 that stimulates Rad52 strand annealing activity...
  33. Chin J, Bashkirov V, Heyer W, Romesberg F. Esc4/Rtt107 and the control of recombination during replication. DNA Repair (Amst). 2006;5:618-28 pubmed
    ..Thus, we propose that Esc4 associates with ssDNA of stalled forks and acts as a scaffolding protein to recruit and/or modulate the function of other proteins required to reinitiate DNA synthesis. ..
  34. Kraus E, Leung W, Haber J. Break-induced replication: a review and an example in budding yeast. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001;98:8255-62 pubmed
    ..Thus, the end of a linearized DNA fragment can initiate new DNA synthesis by BIR in which the newly synthesized DNA is displaced and subsequently forms circles by NHEJ. ..
  35. Putnam C, Hayes T, Kolodner R. Specific pathways prevent duplication-mediated genome rearrangements. Nature. 2009;460:984-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This explains how extensive genome instability is prevented in eukaryotic cells whose genomes contain numerous divergent repeated sequences...
  36. Xiong L, Chen X, Silver H, Ahmed N, Johnson E. Deficient SUMO attachment to Flp recombinase leads to homologous recombination-dependent hyperamplification of the yeast 2 microm circle plasmid. Mol Biol Cell. 2009;20:1241-51 pubmed publisher
    ..This work also illustrates the importance of using cir(o) strains when studying mutants that affect the yeast SUMO pathway, to avoid confusing direct functions of the SUMO pathway with secondary effects of 2 microm amplification. ..
  37. Klassen R, Krampe S, Meinhardt F. Homologous recombination and the yKu70/80 complex exert opposite roles in resistance against the killer toxin from Pichia acaciae. DNA Repair (Amst). 2007;6:1864-75 pubmed
  38. Litwin I, Bocer T, Dziadkowiec D, Wysocki R. Oxidative stress and replication-independent DNA breakage induced by arsenic in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. PLoS Genet. 2013;9:e1003640 pubmed publisher
    ..Importantly, we observed a similar response in fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, suggesting that the mechanisms of As(III) genotoxicity may be conserved in other organisms...
  39. Fumasoni M, Zwicky K, Vanoli F, Lopes M, Branzei D. Error-free DNA damage tolerance and sister chromatid proximity during DNA replication rely on the Polα/Primase/Ctf4 Complex. Mol Cell. 2015;57:812-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Defects in this event impact on replication fork architecture and sister chromatid proximity, and represent a frequent source of chromosome lesions upon replication dysfunctions. ..
  40. Simoneau A, Ricard Ã, Weber S, Hammond Martel I, Wong L, Sellam A, et al. Chromosome-wide histone deacetylation by sirtuins prevents hyperactivation of DNA damage-induced signaling upon replicative stress. Nucleic Acids Res. 2016;44:2706-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, our data support the concept that chromosome-wide histone deacetylation by sirtuins is critical to mitigate growth defects caused by endogenous genotoxins. ..
  41. Kolesar P, Altmannova V, Silva S, Lisby M, Krejci L. Pro-recombination Role of Srs2 Protein Requires SUMO (Small Ubiquitin-like Modifier) but Is Independent of PCNA (Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen) Interaction. J Biol Chem. 2016;291:7594-607 pubmed publisher
    ..Notably, sumoylation of Srs2 itself specifically stimulates recombination at the rDNA locus. ..
  42. Kelly M, Alver B, Kirkpatrick D. Minisatellite alterations in ZRT1 mutants occur via RAD52-dependent and RAD52-independent mechanisms in quiescent stationary phase yeast cells. DNA Repair (Amst). 2011;10:556-66 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that the mechanism of ZRT1-mediated minisatellite instability during quiescence is relevant to human cells, and thus, human disease. ..
  43. Nguyen H, Becker J, Thu Y, Costanzo M, Koch E, Smith S, et al. Unligated Okazaki Fragments Induce PCNA Ubiquitination and a Requirement for Rad59-Dependent Replication Fork Progression. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e66379 pubmed publisher
    ..of nicks during DNA replication, we utilized cdc9-1 in a genome-wide synthetic lethality screen, which identified RAD59 as a strong negative interactor...
  44. Myung K, Pennaneach V, Kats E, Kolodner R. Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromatin-assembly factors that act during DNA replication function in the maintenance of genome stability. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:6640-5 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that coupling of chromatin assembly to DNA replication and DNA repair is critical to maintaining genome stability. ..
  45. Demin A, Lee M, Lee C, Seo Y. GSK-3? Homolog Rim11 and the Histone Deacetylase Complex Ume6-Sin3-Rpd3 Are Involved in Replication Stress Response Caused by Defects in Dna2. Genetics. 2017;206:829-842 pubmed publisher
    ..multicopy suppression by Rim11/Ume6 requires the presence of sister-chromatid recombination mediated by Rad52/Rad59 proteins, but not vice versa...
  46. Ito T, Tashiro K, Muta S, Ozawa R, Chiba T, Nishizawa M, et al. Toward a protein-protein interaction map of the budding yeast: A comprehensive system to examine two-hybrid interactions in all possible combinations between the yeast proteins. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000;97:1143-7 pubmed
    ..The approach described here thus will provide many leads for integration of various cellular functions and serve as a major driving force in the completion of the protein-protein interaction map. ..
  47. Agmon N, Pur S, Liefshitz B, Kupiec M. Analysis of repair mechanism choice during homologous recombination. Nucleic Acids Res. 2009;37:5081-92 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest a model for the competition between the different homologous recombination pathways. Our model explains how different repair mechanisms are able to compensate for each other during DSB repair. ..