Gene Symbol: RAD1
Description: ssDNA endodeoxyribonuclease RAD1
Alias: LPB9, RAD12, ssDNA endodeoxyribonuclease RAD1
Species: Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Top Publications

  1. Agmon N, Pur S, Liefshitz B, Kupiec M. Analysis of repair mechanism choice during homologous recombination. Nucleic Acids Res. 2009;37:5081-92 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest a model for the competition between the different homologous recombination pathways. Our model explains how different repair mechanisms are able to compensate for each other during DSB repair. ..
  2. Li F, Dong J, Eichmiller R, Holland C, Minca E, Prakash R, et al. Role of Saw1 in Rad1/Rad10 complex assembly at recombination intermediates in budding yeast. EMBO J. 2013;32:461-72 pubmed publisher
    The Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rad1/Rad10 complex is a multifunctional, structure-specific endonuclease that processes UV-induced DNA lesions, recombination intermediates, and inter-strand DNA crosslinks...
  3. Saparbaev M, Prakash L, Prakash S. Requirement of mismatch repair genes MSH2 and MSH3 in the RAD1-RAD10 pathway of mitotic recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 1996;142:727-36 pubmed
    The RAD1 and RAD10 genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are required for nucleotide excision repair and they also act in mitotic recombination. The Rad1-Rad10 complex has a single-stranded DNA endonuclease activity...
  4. Fishman Lobell J, Haber J. Removal of nonhomologous DNA ends in double-strand break recombination: the role of the yeast ultraviolet repair gene RAD1. Science. 1992;258:480-4 pubmed
    ..Although rad1 mutants are resistant to x-rays and can complete DSB-mediated mating-type switching, they could not complete ..
  5. Guzder S, Sommers C, Prakash L, Prakash S. Complex formation with damage recognition protein Rad14 is essential for Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rad1-Rad10 nuclease to perform its function in nucleotide excision repair in vivo. Mol Cell Biol. 2006;26:1135-41 pubmed
    ..in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, NER proteins exist as components of different protein subassemblies: the Rad1-Rad10 nuclease, for example, forms a tight complex with the damage recognition protein Rad14, and the complex of ..
  6. Thomas B, Rothstein R. The genetic control of direct-repeat recombination in Saccharomyces: the effect of rad52 and rad1 on mitotic recombination at GAL10, a transcriptionally regulated gene. Genetics. 1989;123:725-38 pubmed
    ..We have examined the role of two recombination- and repair-defective mutations, rad1 and rad52, on direct repeat recombination in transcriptionally active and inactive sequences...
  7. Li F, Dong J, Pan X, Oum J, Boeke J, Lee S. Microarray-based genetic screen defines SAW1, a gene required for Rad1/Rad10-dependent processing of recombination intermediates. Mol Cell. 2008;30:325-35 pubmed publisher
    ..Saw1 interacts physically with Rad1/Rad10, Msh2/Msh3, and Rad52 proteins, and cells lacking SLX4 or SAW1 accumulate recombination intermediates blocked ..
  8. Vance J, Wilson T. Yeast Tdp1 and Rad1-Rad10 function as redundant pathways for repairing Top1 replicative damage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:13669-74 pubmed
    ..Here we report that the tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase Tdp1 and the structure-specific endonuclease Rad1-Rad10 function as primary alternative pathways of Top1 repair in Saccharomyces cerevisiae...
  9. Mazon G, Lam A, Ho C, Kupiec M, Symington L. The Rad1-Rad10 nuclease promotes chromosome translocations between dispersed repeats. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2012;19:964-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we show that the Rad1-Rad10 nuclease promotes formation of crossover and noncrossover recombinants between ectopic sequences...

More Information


  1. Sarangi P, Bartosova Z, Altmannova V, Holland C, Chavdarova M, Lee S, et al. Sumoylation of the Rad1 nuclease promotes DNA repair and regulates its DNA association. Nucleic Acids Res. 2014;42:6393-404 pubmed publisher
    The Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rad1-Rad10 complex is a conserved, structure-specific endonuclease important for repairing multiple types of DNA lesions...
  2. Nicholson A, Fabbri R, Reeves J, Crouse G. The effects of mismatch repair and RAD1 genes on interchromosomal crossover recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2006;173:647-59 pubmed
    ..were three genes involved in mismatch repair--MSH2, MSH3, and MSH6--and one in nucleotide excision repair, RAD1. We now report the involvement of these genes in interchromosomal recombination occurring via crossovers using ..
  3. Flott S, Alabert C, Toh G, Toth R, Sugawara N, Campbell D, et al. Phosphorylation of Slx4 by Mec1 and Tel1 regulates the single-strand annealing mode of DNA repair in budding yeast. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:6433-45 pubmed
    ..Slx4 associates physically, in a mutually exclusive manner, with two structure-specific endonucleases, Rad1 and Slx1, but neither of these enzymes is required for Slx4 to promote resistance to MMS...
  4. Guillet M, Boiteux S. Endogenous DNA abasic sites cause cell death in the absence of Apn1, Apn2 and Rad1/Rad10 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. EMBO J. 2002;21:2833-41 pubmed
    In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, mutations in APN1, APN2 and either RAD1 or RAD10 genes are synthetic lethal. In fact, apn1 apn2 rad1 triple mutants can form microcolonies of approximately 300 cells...
  5. Silver H, Nissley J, Reed S, Hou Y, Johnson E. A role for SUMO in nucleotide excision repair. DNA Repair (Amst). 2011;10:1243-51 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that several factors that participate in NER are sumoylated, including Rad4, Rad16, Rad7, Rad1, Rad10, Ssl2, Rad3, and Rpb4...
  6. Mazon G, Symington L. Mph1 and Mus81-Mms4 prevent aberrant processing of mitotic recombination intermediates. Mol Cell. 2013;52:63-74 pubmed publisher
    ..cerevisiae Mph1 helicase prevents crossovers between ectopic sequences by removing substrates for Mus81-Mms4 or Rad1-Rad10 cleavage. A role for Yen1 is only apparent in the absence of Mus81...
  7. Guzder S, Torres Ramos C, Johnson R, Haracska L, Prakash L, Prakash S. Requirement of yeast Rad1-Rad10 nuclease for the removal of 3'-blocked termini from DNA strand breaks induced by reactive oxygen species. Genes Dev. 2004;18:2283-91 pubmed
    The Rad1-Rad10 nuclease of yeast and its human counterpart ERCC1-XPF are indispensable for nucleotide excision repair, where they act by cleaving the damaged DNA strand on the 5'-side of the lesion...
  8. Dowling E, Maloney D, Fogel S. Meiotic recombination and sporulation in repair-deficient strains of yeast. Genetics. 1985;109:283-302 pubmed
    ..Seven were defective in excision repair (rad1, rad2, rad3, rad4, rad10, rad14 and rad16), and three were defective in mutagenic repair (rad5, rad9 and rad18)...
  9. Lyndaker A, Goldfarb T, Alani E. Mutants defective in Rad1-Rad10-Slx4 exhibit a unique pattern of viability during mating-type switching in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2008;179:1807-21 pubmed publisher
    ..a single chromosomal break, we monitored mating-type switching in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains defective in the Rad1-Rad10-Slx4 complex...
  10. Schiestl R, Prakash S. RAD1, an excision repair gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is also involved in recombination. Mol Cell Biol. 1988;8:3619-26 pubmed
    The RAD1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is required for the incision step of excision repair of damaged DNA. In this paper, we report our observations on the effect of the RAD1 gene on genetic recombination...
  11. Pannunzio N, Manthey G, Bailis A. RAD59 and RAD1 cooperate in translocation formation by single-strand annealing in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Curr Genet. 2010;56:87-100 pubmed publisher
    ..Combining the rad59 missense alleles with a null allele of RAD1, which encodes a subunit of a nuclease required for the removal of non-homologous tails from annealed intermediates,..
  12. Tomkinson A, Bardwell A, Tappe N, Ramos W, Friedberg E. Purification of Rad1 protein from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and further characterization of the Rad1/Rad10 endonuclease complex. Biochemistry. 1994;33:5305-11 pubmed
    The yeast recombination and repair proteins Rad1 and Rad10 associate with a 1:1 stoichiometry to form a stable complex with a relative molecular mass of 190 kDa...
  13. Ivanov E, Haber J. RAD1 and RAD10, but not other excision repair genes, are required for double-strand break-induced recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol. 1995;15:2245-51 pubmed
    ..E. Haber, Science 258:480-484, 1992) that during the repair of an HO-induced DSB, the excision repair gene RAD1 is needed to remove regions of nonhomology from the DSB ends...
  14. Agmon N, Yovel M, Harari Y, Liefshitz B, Kupiec M. The role of Holliday junction resolvases in the repair of spontaneous and induced DNA damage. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011;39:7009-19 pubmed publisher
    ..We find that in the absence of Yen1 and Mms4 deletion of RAD1 or RAD52 have no further effect, whereas additional sensitivity is seen if RAD51 is deleted...
  15. Tomkinson A, Bardwell A, Bardwell L, Tappe N, Friedberg E. Yeast DNA repair and recombination proteins Rad1 and Rad10 constitute a single-stranded-DNA endonuclease. Nature. 1993;362:860-2 pubmed
    ..In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae at least 6 genes are needed for this process, including RAD1 and RAD10 (ref. 1)...
  16. Branzei D, Sollier J, Liberi G, Zhao X, Maeda D, Seki M, et al. Ubc9- and mms21-mediated sumoylation counteracts recombinogenic events at damaged replication forks. Cell. 2006;127:509-22 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that Ubc9- and Mms21-mediated sumoylation functions as a regulatory mechanism, different from that of replication checkpoints, to prevent pathological accumulation of cruciform structures at damaged forks. ..
  17. Pannunzio N, Manthey G, Bailis A. RAD59 is required for efficient repair of simultaneous double-strand breaks resulting in translocations in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. DNA Repair (Amst). 2008;7:788-800 pubmed publisher
    ..The high frequency of these events suggests that SSA may be an important mechanism of genome rearrangement following acute radiation exposure. ..
  18. Davies A, Friedberg E, Tomkinson A, Wood R, West S. Role of the Rad1 and Rad10 proteins in nucleotide excision repair and recombination. J Biol Chem. 1995;270:24638-41 pubmed
    In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the RAD1 and RAD10 genes are involved in DNA nucleotide excision repair (NER) and in a pathway of mitotic recombination that occurs between direct repeat DNA sequences...
  19. Nitiss K, Malik M, He X, White S, Nitiss J. Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase (Tdp1) participates in the repair of Top2-mediated DNA damage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:8953-8 pubmed
    ..Our results show that Tdp1 plays more general roles in DNA repair than repair of Top1 mediated DNA damage, and may participate in repairing many types of base damage to DNA. ..
  20. Muñoz Galvan S, Tous C, Blanco M, Schwartz E, Ehmsen K, West S, et al. Distinct roles of Mus81, Yen1, Slx1-Slx4, and Rad1 nucleases in the repair of replication-born double-strand breaks by sister chromatid exchange. Mol Cell Biol. 2012;32:1592-603 pubmed publisher
    ..the functional relevance of four structure-selective endonucleases (SSEs), Yen1, Mus81-Mms4, Slx1-Slx4, and Rad1, on SCR in Saccharomyces cerevisiae...
  21. Symington L, Kang L, Moreau S. Alteration of gene conversion tract length and associated crossing over during plasmid gap repair in nuclease-deficient strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000;28:4649-56 pubmed
    A plasmid gap repair assay was used to assess the role of three known nucleases, Exo1, Mre11 and Rad1, in the processing of DNA ends and resolution of recombination intermediates during double-strand gap repair...
  22. McDonald J, Rothstein R. Unrepaired heteroduplex DNA in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is decreased in RAD1 RAD52-independent recombination. Genetics. 1994;137:393-405 pubmed
    ..Mutations in the excision repair gene, RAD1, do not affect the frequency of direct repeat recombination...
  23. Sung P, Reynolds P, Prakash L, Prakash S. Purification and characterization of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD1/RAD10 endonuclease. J Biol Chem. 1993;268:26391-9 pubmed
    The Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD1 and RAD10 genes are required for the incision step of excision repair, and in addition, they function in mitotic recombination...
  24. Fedorova I, Kovaltzova S, Gracheva L, Evstuhina T, Korolev V. Requirement of HSM3 gene for spontaneous mutagenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mutat Res. 2004;554:67-75 pubmed
    ..Effect of accumulation of spontaneous mutants was observed in slowly dividing cells in the rad1, rad2, rad14, rad54, and pms1, but it was absent in the rev3, pol2 and pol3 mutants...
  25. Manthey G, Bailis A. Multiple pathways promote short-sequence recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol. 2002;22:5347-56 pubmed
    ..b>RAD1 and RAD10, which encode the subunits of the structure-specific endonuclease Rad1/10, are critical for SSR...
  26. Santa Maria S, Gangavarapu V, Johnson R, Prakash L, Prakash S. Requirement of Nse1, a subunit of the Smc5-Smc6 complex, for Rad52-dependent postreplication repair of UV-damaged DNA in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:8409-18 pubmed
    ..We discuss the possible ways by which the Smc5-Smc6 complex, including its associated ubiquitin ligase and SUMO ligase activities, might contribute to the Rad52-dependent nonrecombinational and recombinational modes of PRR. ..
  27. Pawar V, Jingjing L, Patel N, Kaur N, Doetsch P, Shadel G, et al. Checkpoint kinase phosphorylation in response to endogenous oxidative DNA damage in repair-deficient stationary-phase Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mech Ageing Dev. 2009;130:501-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Single-strand resection may be accelerated by unrepaired oxidative base damage in the vicinity of a double-strand break. ..
  28. Shor E, Gangloff S, Wagner M, Weinstein J, Price G, Rothstein R. Mutations in homologous recombination genes rescue top3 slow growth in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2002;162:647-62 pubmed
    ..In contrast, top3 mutants show extreme synergistic growth defects with mutations in RAD50, MRE11, XRS2, RDH54, and RAD1. We also analyzed recombination at the SUP4-o region, showing that in a rad51, rad54, rad55, or rad57 background ..
  29. Dong Z, Fasullo M. Multiple recombination pathways for sister chromatid exchange in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: role of RAD1 and the RAD52 epistasis group genes. Nucleic Acids Res. 2003;31:2576-85 pubmed
    ..In comparison with wild type, rates of spontaneous SCE are 10-fold lower in rad51 rad1 but not in either rad51 rad50 or rad51 rad59 double mutants...
  30. Guillet M, Boiteux S. Origin of endogenous DNA abasic sites in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol. 2003;23:8386-94 pubmed
    ..In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, an apn1 apn2 rad1 triple mutant is inviable because of its incapacity to repair AP sites and related 3'-blocked single-strand breaks (..
  31. Ma J, Kim E, Haber J, Lee S. Yeast Mre11 and Rad1 proteins define a Ku-independent mechanism to repair double-strand breaks lacking overlapping end sequences. Mol Cell Biol. 2003;23:8820-8 pubmed
    ..This microhomology-mediated end joining (MMEJ) is Ku independent, but strongly dependent on Mre11, Rad50, and Rad1 proteins and partially dependent on Dnl4 protein...
  32. Segovia R, Shen Y, Lujan S, Jones S, Stirling P. Hypermutation signature reveals a slippage and realignment model of translesion synthesis by Rev3 polymerase in cisplatin-treated yeast. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017;114:2663-2668 pubmed publisher
    ..Our sequencing results indicate mutagenesis by cisplatin in rad1Δ cells appeared to depend almost entirely on interstrand cross-links at GpCpN motifs...
  33. Bailis A, Arthur L, Rothstein R. Genome rearrangement in top3 mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires a functional RAD1 excision repair gene. Mol Cell Biol. 1992;12:4988-93 pubmed
    ..The effects of the top3 null mutation on recombination are dependent on the presence of an intact RAD1 excision repair gene, because both the rate of SAM ectopic gene conversion and the conversion tract length were ..
  34. Chen C, Motegi A, Hasegawa Y, Myung K, Kolodner R, D ANDREA A. Genetic analysis of ionizing radiation-induced mutagenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae reveals TransLesion Synthesis (TLS) independent of PCNA K164 SUMOylation and ubiquitination. DNA Repair (Amst). 2006;5:1475-88 pubmed
    ..Mutations inactivating homologous recombination (rad51, 52, 54) or nucleotide excision repair (rad1, rad10, rad4) caused elevated IR-IM whereas inactivation of TransLesion Synthesis (TLS: rad6) caused severely ..
  35. Siede W, Friedberg A, Friedberg E. Evidence that the Rad1 and Rad10 proteins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae participate as a complex in nucleotide excision repair of UV radiation damage. J Bacteriol. 1993;175:6345-7 pubmed
    A newly characterized rad1 missense mutation (rad1-20) in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae maps to a region of the Rad1 polypeptide known to be required for Rad1-Rad10 complex formation...
  36. Rattray A, Symington L. Multiple pathways for homologous recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 1995;139:45-56 pubmed
    ..The RAD1 gene is not required for inverted-repeat recombination but is able to process spontaneous DNA lesions to produce ..
  37. Gellon L, Barbey R, Auffret van der Kemp P, Thomas D, Boiteux S. Synergism between base excision repair, mediated by the DNA glycosylases Ntg1 and Ntg2, and nucleotide excision repair in the removal of oxidatively damaged DNA bases in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Genet Genomics. 2001;265:1087-96 pubmed
    ..The triple mutants rad1 ntg1 ntg2 and rad14 ntg1 ntg2 show 15- and 22-fold increases, respectively, in spontaneous forward mutation to ..
  38. Smith J, Rothstein R. An allele of RFA1 suppresses RAD52-dependent double-strand break repair in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 1999;151:447-58 pubmed
    ..DNA-binding complex RP-A, was identified as a suppressor of decreased direct-repeat recombination in rad1 rad52 double mutants...
  39. Leclere A, Yang J, Kirkpatrick D. The role of CSM3, MRC1, and TOF1 in minisatellite stability and large loop DNA repair during meiosis in yeast. Fungal Genet Biol. 2013;50:33-43 pubmed publisher
    ..At least two pathways function to repair large loops that form within heteroduplex DNA: the RAD1-dependent large loop repair (LLR) pathway and another as yet uncharacterized RAD1-independent LLR pathway...
  40. Donigan K, Cerritelli S, McDonald J, Vaisman A, Crouch R, Woodgate R. Unlocking the steric gate of DNA polymerase η leads to increased genomic instability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. DNA Repair (Amst). 2015;35:1-12 pubmed publisher
    ..cerevisiae strain expressing pol η F35A (rad30-F35A) that is also deficient for nucleotide excision repair (rad1Δ) and the TLS polymerase, pol ζ (rev3Δ), is extremely sensitive to UV-light...
  41. Bailly V, Sommers C, Sung P, Prakash L, Prakash S. Specific complex formation between proteins encoded by the yeast DNA repair and recombination genes RAD1 and RAD10. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992;89:8273-7 pubmed
    The RAD1 and RAD10 genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are required for excision repair of ultraviolet light-damaged DNA, and they also function in a mitotic recombination pathway that is distinct from the double-strand-break recombination ..
  42. Su X, Freudenreich C. Cytosine deamination and base excision repair cause R-loop-induced CAG repeat fragility and instability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017;114:E8392-E8401 pubmed publisher
    ..The Rad1/XPF and Rad2/XPG nucleases were also important in protecting against contractions, but through BER rather than ..
  43. Martini E, Keeney S, Osley M. A role for histone H2B during repair of UV-induced DNA damage in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2002;160:1375-87 pubmed
    ..When combined with a ubc13Delta mutation, which is also epistatic with rad5Delta, the htb1-3 mutation enhanced UV-induced cell killing. These results suggest that histone H2B acts in a novel RAD5-dependent branch of PRR. ..
  44. Rodriguez K, Wang Z, Friedberg E, Tomkinson A. Identification of functional domains within the RAD1.RAD10 repair and recombination endonuclease of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem. 1996;271:20551-8 pubmed
    Saccharomyces cerevisiae rad1 and rad10 mutants are unable to carry out nucleotide excision repair and are also defective in a mitotic intrachromosomal recombination pathway...
  45. Game J, Kaufman P. Role of Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromatin assembly factor-I in repair of ultraviolet radiation damage in vivo. Genetics. 1999;151:485-97 pubmed
    ..We find an increased loss of telomeric gene silencing in rad6Delta cac1Delta and rad18Delta cac1Delta double mutants, suggesting that CAF-I and multiple factors in the postreplicative repair pathway influence chromosome structure. ..
  46. Haracska L, Torres Ramos C, Johnson R, Prakash S, Prakash L. Opposing effects of ubiquitin conjugation and SUMO modification of PCNA on replicational bypass of DNA lesions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol. 2004;24:4267-74 pubmed
  47. Guzder S, Sung P, Prakash L, Prakash S. Nucleotide excision repair in yeast is mediated by sequential assembly of repair factors and not by a pre-assembled repairosome. J Biol Chem. 1996;271:8903-10 pubmed
    ..of homogeneous proteins, we show that the damage recognition factor Rad14 exists in a ternary complex with the Rad1-Rad10 nuclease...
  48. Rodriguez K, Talamantez J, Huang W, Reed S, Wang Z, Chen L, et al. Affinity purification and partial characterization of a yeast multiprotein complex for nucleotide excision repair using histidine-tagged Rad14 protein. J Biol Chem. 1998;273:34180-9 pubmed
    ..Affinity purification of this protein from yeast nuclear extracts resulted in the co-purification of Rad1, Rad7, Rad10, Rad16, Rad23, RPA, RPB1, and TFIIH proteins, whereas none of these proteins bound to the affinity ..
  49. Ui A, Seki M, Ogiwara H, Lai M, Yamamoto K, Tada S, et al. Activation of a novel pathway involving Mms1 and Rad59 in sgs1 cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007;356:1031-7 pubmed
    ..this study show that defects in the Rad51-Sgs1-dependent and Sgs1-dependent lesion-bypass pathways activate Rad59-Rad1- and Rad59-dependent pathways, respectively, resulting in uSCR...
  50. Grandin N, Charbonneau M. Telomerase- and Rad52-independent immortalization of budding yeast by an inherited-long-telomere pathway of telomeric repeat amplification. Mol Cell Biol. 2009;29:965-85 pubmed publisher
    ..The ILT pathway also required the Rad1 endonuclease and Elg1, a replication factor C (RFC)-like complex subunit, but not Rad24 or Ctf18 (two subunits of ..
  51. Manthey G, Bailis A. Rad51 inhibits translocation formation by non-conservative homologous recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e11889 pubmed publisher
  52. Hwang J, Smith S, Myung K. The Rad1-Rad10 complex promotes the production of gross chromosomal rearrangements from spontaneous DNA damage in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2005;169:1927-37 pubmed
    ..Here, we present evidence that the Rad1-Rad10 endonuclease, which plays an important role in nucleotide excision and recombination repairs, has a novel ..
  53. Chan C, Schiestl R. Rad1, rad10 and rad52 mutations reduce the increase of microhomology length during radiation-induced microhomology-mediated illegitimate recombination in saccharomyces cerevisiae. Radiat Res. 2009;172:141-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we show that radiation-induced microhomology-mediated recombination is reduced by deletion of RAD52, RAD1 and RAD10 but is not affected by deletion of RAD51 and RAD2...
  54. Galli A, Cervelli T, Schiestl R. Characterization of the hyperrecombination phenotype of the pol3-t mutation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2003;164:65-79 pubmed
    ..However, in the double-mutant rad1 Delta rad52 Delta, the pol3-t mutation still increased spontaneous intrachromosomal recombination frequencies, ..
  55. McVey M, Kaeberlein M, Tissenbaum H, Guarente L. The short life span of Saccharomyces cerevisiae sgs1 and srs2 mutants is a composite of normal aging processes and mitotic arrest due to defective recombination. Genetics. 2001;157:1531-42 pubmed
    ..Finally, mutation of RAD1 or RAD50 exacerbates the growth defect of sgs1 srs2 cells, indicating that sgs1 srs2 mutants may utilize single-..
  56. Majka J, Burgers P. Function of Rad17/Mec3/Ddc1 and its partial complexes in the DNA damage checkpoint. DNA Repair (Amst). 2005;4:1189-94 pubmed
    ..In agreement, overexpression of DDC1 or RAD17 in a MEC3Delta strain, or of MEC3 or RAD17 in a DDC1Delta strain shows no rescue of damage sensitivity. ..
  57. Nicholson A, Hendrix M, Jinks Robertson S, Crouse G. Regulation of mitotic homeologous recombination in yeast. Functions of mismatch repair and nucleotide excision repair genes. Genetics. 2000;154:133-46 pubmed
    ..In addition to the yeast MutS and MutL homologs, the exonuclease Exo1p and the nucleotide excision repair proteins Rad1p and Rad10p were found to have roles in inhibiting recombination between mismatched substrates. ..
  58. Boiteux S, Guillet M. Use of yeast for detection of endogenous abasic lesions, their source, and their repair. Methods Enzymol. 2006;408:79-91 pubmed
    ..Data shows that the simultaneous inactivation of two AP endonucleases (Apn1 and Apn2) and of the nuclease Rad1-Rad10 causes cell death in Saccharomyces cerevisiae...
  59. Xiao W, Chow B. Synergism between yeast nucleotide and base excision repair pathways in the protection against DNA methylation damage. Curr Genet. 1998;33:92-9 pubmed
    ..In addition to their role in nucleotide excision repair, Rad1 and Rad10 form a complex that is involved in recombination repair...
  60. Morey N, Doetsch P, Jinks Robertson S. Delineating the requirements for spontaneous DNA damage resistance pathways in genome maintenance and viability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2003;164:443-55 pubmed
    ..In diploids, the presence of PRR alone may confer a lethal mutation load or, alternatively, PRR alone may be insufficient to deal with potentially lethal, replication-blocking lesions. ..
  61. Gangavarapu V, Prakash S, Prakash L. Requirement of RAD52 group genes for postreplication repair of UV-damaged DNA in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:7758-64 pubmed
    ..In addition, our results suggest a role for the Rad50 and Xrs2 proteins and thereby for the MRX complex in promoting PRR via both the Rad5 and Rad52 pathways. ..
  62. Deng C, Brown J, You D, Brown J. Multiple endonucleases function to repair covalent topoisomerase I complexes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2005;170:591-600 pubmed
    ..Previous work has demonstrated that two structure-specific nucleases, Rad1 and Mus81, protect cells from camptothecin toxicity...
  63. Karumbati A, Wilson T. Abrogation of the Chk1-Pds1 checkpoint leads to tolerance of persistent single-strand breaks in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics. 2005;169:1833-44 pubmed
    In budding yeast, Apn1, Apn2, Tpp1, and Rad1/Rad10 are important enzymes in the removal of spontaneous DNA lesions. apn1 apn2 rad1 yeast are inviable due to accumulation of abasic sites and strand breaks with 3' blocking lesions...
  64. Liao C, Hu B, Arno M, Panaretou B. Genomic screening in vivo reveals the role played by vacuolar H+ ATPase and cytosolic acidification in sensitivity to DNA-damaging agents such as cisplatin. Mol Pharmacol. 2007;71:416-25 pubmed
    ..The increased loss in cell viability induced by cisplatin at lower pH in V-ATPase mutants supports this hypothesis. The loss in viability seen in wild-type cells under the same conditions was far less dramatic. ..
  65. Gaillard H, Aguilera A. Cleavage factor I links transcription termination to DNA damage response and genome integrity maintenance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. PLoS Genet. 2014;10:e1004203 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings reveal a new function for CFI in the DDR and underscore the importance of coordinating transcription termination with replication in the maintenance of genomic stability. ..
  66. Karumbati A, Deshpande R, Jilani A, Vance J, Ramotar D, Wilson T. The role of yeast DNA 3'-phosphatase Tpp1 and rad1/Rad10 endonuclease in processing spontaneous and induced base lesions. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:31434-43 pubmed
    ..In parallel experiments, mutations of TPP1 and RAD1, encoding part of the Rad1/Rad10 3'-flap endonuclease, caused synthetic growth defects in yeast strains lacking ..
  67. Huang M, Rio A, Galibert M, Galibert F. Pol32, a subunit of Saccharomyces cerevisiae DNA polymerase delta, suppresses genomic deletions and is involved in the mutagenic bypass pathway. Genetics. 2002;160:1409-22 pubmed
    ..Taken together, these observations indicate that Pol32 is important in ensuring genome stability and in mutagenesis. ..
  68. Zehfus B, McWilliams A, Lin Y, Hoekstra M, Keil R. Genetic control of RNA polymerase I-stimulated recombination in yeast. Genetics. 1990;126:41-52 pubmed
    ..Mutations in RAD1 and RAD52 decrease the ability of HOT1 to stimulate intrachromosomal recombination while mutations in RAD4 and ..
  69. Smith J, Rothstein R. A mutation in the gene encoding the Saccharomyces cerevisiae single-stranded DNA-binding protein Rfa1 stimulates a RAD52-independent pathway for direct-repeat recombination. Mol Cell Biol. 1995;15:1632-41 pubmed
    In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, recombination between direct repeats is synergistically reduced in rad1 rad52 double mutants, suggesting that the two genes define alternate recombination pathways...
  70. Abdulovic A, Minesinger B, Jinks Robertson S. Identification of a strand-related bias in the PCNA-mediated bypass of spontaneous lesions by yeast Poleta. DNA Repair (Amst). 2007;6:1307-18 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that there is a polymerase hierarchy between Poleta and Polzeta in the bypass of certain lesions and that the interaction of Poleta with PCNA is needed for some, but not all, spontaneous lesion bypass. ..
  71. Lewis L, Westmoreland J, Resnick M. Repair of endonuclease-induced double-strand breaks in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: essential role for genes associated with nonhomologous end-joining. Genetics. 1999;152:1513-29 pubmed
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