Sirt5

Summary

Gene Symbol: Sirt5
Description: sirtuin 5
Alias: NAD-dependent protein deacylase sirtuin-5, mitochondrial, NAD-dependent deacetylase sirtuin-5, NAD-dependent lysine demalonylase and desuccinylase sirtuin-5, mitochondrial, SIR2-like protein 5, regulatory protein SIR2 homolog 5
Species: rat
Products:     Sirt5

Top Publications

  1. Lombard D, Alt F, Cheng H, Bunkenborg J, Streeper R, Mostoslavsky R, et al. Mammalian Sir2 homolog SIRT3 regulates global mitochondrial lysine acetylation. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:8807-14 pubmed
    ..no mitochondrial hyperacetylation was detectable in mice lacking the two other mitochondrial sirtuins, SIRT4 and SIRT5. Surprisingly, despite this biochemical phenotype, SIRT3-deficient mice are metabolically unremarkable under basal ..
  2. Schlicker C, Gertz M, Papatheodorou P, Kachholz B, Becker C, Steegborn C. Substrates and regulation mechanisms for the human mitochondrial sirtuins Sirt3 and Sirt5. J Mol Biol. 2008;382:790-801 pubmed publisher
    ..Mammalian mitochondria contain three Sirtuins, Sirt3, Sirt4, and Sirt5. Only one substrate is known for Sirt3 as well as for Sirt4, and up to now, no target for Sirt5 has been reported...
  3. Park J, Chen Y, Tishkoff D, Peng C, Tan M, Dai L, et al. SIRT5-mediated lysine desuccinylation impacts diverse metabolic pathways. Mol Cell. 2013;50:919-30 pubmed publisher
    Protein function is regulated by diverse posttranslational modifications. The mitochondrial sirtuin SIRT5 removes malonyl and succinyl moieties from target lysines...
  4. Michishita E, Park J, Burneskis J, Barrett J, Horikawa I. Evolutionarily conserved and nonconserved cellular localizations and functions of human SIRT proteins. Mol Biol Cell. 2005;16:4623-35 pubmed
    ..with heterochromatic regions and nucleoli, respectively, where yeast Sir2 functions; 2) SIRT3, SIRT4, and SIRT5 are localized in mitochondria, an organelle that links aging and energy metabolism; 3) cellular p53 is a major in ..
  5. Nakamura Y, Ogura M, Tanaka D, Inagaki N. Localization of mouse mitochondrial SIRT proteins: shift of SIRT3 to nucleus by co-expression with SIRT5. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008;366:174-9 pubmed
    ..regulator 2 (SIR2) is involved in extension of yeast longevity by calorie restriction, and SIRT3, SIRT4, and SIRT5 are mammalian homologs of SIR2 localized in mitochondria...
  6. Lieber C, Leo M, Wang X, DeCarli L. Alcohol alters hepatic FoxO1, p53, and mitochondrial SIRT5 deacetylation function. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008;373:246-52 pubmed publisher
    ..04 and p=0.02, respectively) while hepatic p53 was found hyperacetylated (p=0.017). Furthermore, mitochondrial SIRT5 was reduced (p=0.0025), and PGC-1alpha hyperacetylated (p=0.027), establishing their role in protein modification...
  7. Du J, Zhou Y, Su X, Yu J, Khan S, Jiang H, et al. Sirt5 is a NAD-dependent protein lysine demalonylase and desuccinylase. Science. 2011;334:806-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Four of them (Sirt4 to Sirt7) have no detectable or very weak deacetylase activity. We found that Sirt5 is an efficient protein lysine desuccinylase and demalonylase in vitro...
  8. Lin Z, Xu H, Wang J, Lin Q, Ruan Z, Liu F, et al. SIRT5 desuccinylates and activates SOD1 to eliminate ROS. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2013;441:191-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report that SOD1 is succinylated and that succinylation decreases its activity. SIRT5 binds to, desuccinylates and activates SOD1. SOD1-mediated ROS reduction is increased when SIRT5 is co-expressed...
  9. Tan M, Peng C, Anderson K, Chhoy P, Xie Z, Dai L, et al. Lysine glutarylation is a protein posttranslational modification regulated by SIRT5. Cell Metab. 2014;19:605-17 pubmed publisher
    ..We demonstrated that the previously annotated deacetylase, sirtuin 5 (SIRT5), is a lysine deglutarylase...

More Information

Publications14

  1. Rardin M, He W, Nishida Y, Newman J, Carrico C, Danielson S, et al. SIRT5 regulates the mitochondrial lysine succinylome and metabolic networks. Cell Metab. 2013;18:920-33 pubmed publisher
    ..approach to characterize the lysine succinylome in liver mitochondria and its regulation by the desuccinylase SIRT5. A total of 1,190 unique sites were identified as succinylated, and 386 sites across 140 proteins representing ..
  2. Verdin E. NAD⁺ in aging, metabolism, and neurodegeneration. Science. 2015;350:1208-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we review factors that regulate NAD(+) and discuss how supplementation with NAD(+) precursors may represent a new therapeutic opportunity for aging and its associated disorders, particularly neurodegenerative diseases. ..
  3. Peng C, Lu Z, Xie Z, Cheng Z, Chen Y, Tan M, et al. The first identification of lysine malonylation substrates and its regulatory enzyme. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2011;10:M111.012658 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, we demonstrate that Sirt5, a member of the class III lysine deacetylases, can catalyze lysine demalonylation and lysine desuccinylation ..
  4. Geng Y, Li T, Liu X, Li Z, Fu Y. SIRT1 and SIRT5 activity expression and behavioral responses to calorie restriction. J Cell Biochem. 2011;112:3755-61 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the effects of calorie restriction (CR) on behavioral performance and expression of SIRT1 and SIRT5 in rat cerebral tissues...
  5. Liu B, Che W, Zheng C, Liu W, Wen J, Fu H, et al. SIRT5: a safeguard against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in cardiomyocytes. Cell Physiol Biochem. 2013;32:1050-9 pubmed publisher
    b>SIRT5 is located in the mitochondria, and plays a crucial role in the regulation of metabolic process and cellular apoptosis. Cardiomyocytes are abundant in mitochondria...