Gene Symbol: avrE1
Description: type III effector protein AvrE1
Alias: PSPTO1377, type III effector protein AvrE1
Species: Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato str. DC3000
Alfano J, Charkowski A, Deng W, Badel J, Petnicki Ocwieja T, van Dijk K, et al
. The Pseudomonas syringae Hrp pathogenicity island has a tripartite mosaic structure composed of a cluster of type III secretion genes bounded by exchangeable effector and conserved effector loci that contribute to parasitic fitness and pathogenicity . Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000;97:4856-61 pubmed
..Deletion of the Pto DC3000 EEL slightly reduces bacterial growth in tomato, whereas deletion of a large portion of the CEL strongly reduces growth and abolishes pathogenicity in tomato. ..
Bogdanove A, Kim J, Wei Z, Kolchinsky P, Charkowski A, Conlin A, et al
. Homology and functional similarity of an hrp-linked pathogenicity locus, dspEF, of Erwinia amylovora and the avirulence locus avrE of Pseudomonas syringae pathovar tomato. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998;95:1325-30 pubmed
..DspF and AvrF are small (16 kDa and 14 kDa) and acidic with predicted amphipathic alpha helices in their C termini; they resemble chaperones for virulence factors secreted by type III secretion systems of animal pathogens...
Wei C, Kvitko B, Shimizu R, Crabill E, Alfano J, Lin N, et al
. A Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 mutant lacking the type III effector HopQ1-1 is able to cause disease in the model plant Nicotiana benthamiana. Plant J. 2007;51:32-46 pubmed
..syringae pathovars are limited by the complex interactions of effector repertoires with plant anti-effector surveillance systems, and they demonstrate that N. benthamiana can be a useful model host for DC3000. ..
Badel J, Shimizu R, Oh H, Collmer A. A Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato avrE1/hopM1 mutant is severely reduced in growth and lesion formation in tomato. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2006;19:99-111 pubmed
..The ACEL mutation affects three putative or known effector genes: avrE1, hopM1, and hopAA1-1. Comparison of genomic sequences of DC3000, P. syringae pv. phaseolicola 1448A, and P...
DebRoy S, Thilmony R, Kwack Y, Nomura K, He S. A family of conserved bacterial effectors inhibits salicylic acid-mediated basal immunity and promotes disease necrosis in plants. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004;101:9927-32 pubmed
Kvitko B, Park D, Vel squez A, Wei C, Russell A, Martin G, et al
. Deletions in the repertoire of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 type III secretion effector genes reveal functional overlap among effectors. PLoS Pathog. 2009;5:e1000388 pubmed publisher