Gene Symbol: Socs1
Description: suppressor of cytokine signaling 1
Alias: Cish1, Cish7, JAB, SOCS-1, SSI-1, suppressor of cytokine signaling 1, JAK2-binding protein, STAT-induced STAT inhibitor 1, cytokine inducible SH2-containing protein 1, cytokine inducible SH2-containing protein 7
Species: mouse
Products:     Socs1

Top Publications

  1. Calabrese V, Mallette F, Deschênes Simard X, Ramanathan S, Gagnon J, Moores A, et al. SOCS1 links cytokine signaling to p53 and senescence. Mol Cell. 2009;36:754-67 pubmed publisher
    b>SOCS1 is lost in many human tumors, but its tumor suppression activities are not well understood...
  2. Cornish A, Davey G, Metcalf D, Purton J, Corbin J, Greenhalgh C, et al. Suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 has IFN-gamma-independent actions in T cell homeostasis. J Immunol. 2003;170:878-86 pubmed
    ..Thus, SOCS-1 is a critical regulator of T cell activation and homeostasis, and its influence extends beyond regulating IFN-gamma signaling. ..
  3. Chong M, Cornish A, Darwiche R, Stanley E, Purton J, Godfrey D, et al. Suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 is a critical regulator of interleukin-7-dependent CD8+ T cell differentiation. Immunity. 2003;18:475-87 pubmed
    ..These phenotypes were found to correlate with hypersensitivity to the gamma-common family of cytokines. ..
  4. Qin H, Wilson C, Lee S, Benveniste E. IFN-beta-induced SOCS-1 negatively regulates CD40 gene expression in macrophages and microglia. FASEB J. 2006;20:985-7 pubmed
    ..These novel results indicate that IFN-beta-induced SOCS-1 plays an important role in the negative regulation of IFN-beta-induced CD40 gene expression. ..
  5. Baetz A, Koelsche C, Strebovsky J, Heeg K, Dalpke A. Identification of a nuclear localization signal in suppressor of cytokine signaling 1. FASEB J. 2008;22:4296-305 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, SOCS1 has been identified to regulate stability of nuclear NF-kappaB subunits...
  6. Yasukawa H, Misawa H, Sakamoto H, Masuhara M, Sasaki A, Wakioka T, et al. The JAK-binding protein JAB inhibits Janus tyrosine kinase activity through binding in the activation loop. EMBO J. 1999;18:1309-20 pubmed
    ..We have recently identified a JAK-binding protein (JAB) that inhibits JAK signaling in cells...
  7. Mansell A, Smith R, Doyle S, Gray P, Fenner J, Crack P, et al. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 negatively regulates Toll-like receptor signaling by mediating Mal degradation. Nat Immunol. 2006;7:148-55 pubmed
    ..The transient activation of Mal and subsequent SOCS-1-mediated degradation is a rapid and selective means of limiting primary innate immune response. ..
  8. Cornish A, Chong M, Davey G, Darwiche R, Nicola N, Hilton D, et al. Suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 regulates signaling in response to interleukin-2 and other gamma c-dependent cytokines in peripheral T cells. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:22755-61 pubmed
    ..Hypersensitivity to gammac-dependent cytokines may contribute to abnormal T cell function, as well as the pathology observed in mice lacking SOCS-1. ..
  9. Starr R, Metcalf D, Elefanty A, Brysha M, Willson T, Nicola N, et al. Liver degeneration and lymphoid deficiencies in mice lacking suppressor of cytokine signaling-1. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998;95:14395-9 pubmed
    ..Thus, SOCS-1 is required for in vivo regulation of multiple cell types and is indispensable for normal postnatal growth and survival. ..

More Information


  1. Bullen D, Darwiche R, Metcalf D, Handman E, Alexander W. Neutralization of interferon-gamma in neonatal SOCS1-/- mice prevents fatty degeneration of the liver but not subsequent fatal inflammatory disease. Immunology. 2001;104:92-8 pubmed
    Mice lacking the suppressor of cytokine signalling-1 (SOCS1) die within weeks of birth with extensive fatty degeneration of the liver, consistent with acute hepatic toxicity to interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and inflammation of multiple ..
  2. Marine J, Topham D, McKay C, Wang D, Parganas E, Stravopodis D, et al. SOCS1 deficiency causes a lymphocyte-dependent perinatal lethality. Cell. 1999;98:609-16 pubmed
    b>SOCS1 is an SH2-containing protein that is primarily expressed in thymocytes in a cytokine- and T cell receptor-independent manner. SOCS1 deletion causes perinatal lethality with death by 2-3 weeks...
  3. Kinjyo I, Hanada T, Inagaki Ohara K, Mori H, Aki D, Ohishi M, et al. SOCS1/JAB is a negative regulator of LPS-induced macrophage activation. Immunity. 2002;17:583-91 pubmed
    ..We show here that the suppressor of cytokine-signaling-1 (SOCS1/JAB) is rapidly induced by LPS and negatively regulates LPS signaling...
  4. Qing Y, Costa Pereira A, Watling D, Stark G. Role of tyrosine 441 of interferon-gamma receptor subunit 1 in SOCS-1-mediated attenuation of STAT1 activation. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:1849-53 pubmed
  5. Egwuagu C, Yu C, Zhang M, Mahdi R, Kim S, Gery I. Suppressors of cytokine signaling proteins are differentially expressed in Th1 and Th2 cells: implications for Th cell lineage commitment and maintenance. J Immunol. 2002;168:3181-7 pubmed
    ..We show here that CD4(+) naive T cells constitutively express low levels of SOCS1, SOCS2, and SOCS3 mRNAs...
  6. Chong M, Metcalf D, Jamieson E, Alexander W, Kay T. Suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 in T cells and macrophages is critical for preventing lethal inflammation. Blood. 2005;106:1668-75 pubmed
    ..One of these inhibitors is suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1). Socs1(-/-) mice die by 3 weeks of age with inflammation and fatty necrosis of the liver...
  7. Starr R, Willson T, Viney E, Murray L, Rayner J, Jenkins B, et al. A family of cytokine-inducible inhibitors of signalling. Nature. 1997;387:917-21 pubmed
    ..Transcription of all four SOCS genes is increased rapidly in response to interleukin-6, in vitro and in vivo, suggesting they may act in a classic negative feedback loop to regulate cytokine signal transduction. ..
  8. Dickensheets H, Vazquez N, Sheikh F, Gingras S, Murray P, Ryan J, et al. Suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 is an IL-4-inducible gene in macrophages and feedback inhibits IL-4 signaling. Genes Immun. 2007;8:21-7 pubmed
    ..Our findings demonstrate that, like IFN-gamma, IL-4 also induces expression of SOCS-1 in macrophages, and SOCS-1 feedback inhibits expression of STAT6-responsive genes. ..
  9. Nicholson S, Willson T, Farley A, Starr R, Zhang J, Baca M, et al. Mutational analyses of the SOCS proteins suggest a dual domain requirement but distinct mechanisms for inhibition of LIF and IL-6 signal transduction. EMBO J. 1999;18:375-85 pubmed
    ..Thus, although inhibition of signaling by SOCS-1 and SOCS-3 requires both the SH2 and N-terminal domains, their mechanisms of action appear to be biochemically different. ..
  10. Waiboci L, Ahmed C, Mujtaba M, Flowers L, Martin J, Haider M, et al. Both the suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS-1) kinase inhibitory region and SOCS-1 mimetic bind to JAK2 autophosphorylation site: implications for the development of a SOCS-1 antagonist. J Immunol. 2007;178:5058-68 pubmed
    ..Tkip and a peptide corresponding to the KIR of SOCS-1, ((53))DTHFRTFRSHSDYRRI((68)) (SOCS1-KIR), both bound similarly to the autophosphorylation site of JAK2, JAK2(1001-1013)...
  11. Catlett I, Hedrick S. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 is required for the differentiation of CD4+ T cells. Nat Immunol. 2005;6:715-21 pubmed
    b>Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (Socs1) is critical for the regulation of interferon-gamma responses and T cell homeostasis...
  12. Naka T, Matsumoto T, Narazaki M, Fujimoto M, Morita Y, Ohsawa Y, et al. Accelerated apoptosis of lymphocytes by augmented induction of Bax in SSI-1 (STAT-induced STAT inhibitor-1) deficient mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998;95:15577-82 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that SSI-1 prevents apoptosis by inhibiting the expression of Bax. ..
  13. Alexander W, Starr R, Metcalf D, Nicholson S, Farley A, Elefanty A, et al. Suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS): negative regulators of signal transduction. J Leukoc Biol. 1999;66:588-92 pubmed
    ..We propose that the absence of SOCS-1 in these mice prevents lymphocytes and liver cells from appropriately controlling signals from cytokines with cytotoxic side effects. ..
  14. Naka T, Tsutsui H, Fujimoto M, Kawazoe Y, Kohzaki H, Morita Y, et al. SOCS-1/SSI-1-deficient NKT cells participate in severe hepatitis through dysregulated cross-talk inhibition of IFN-gamma and IL-4 signaling in vivo. Immunity. 2001;14:535-45 pubmed
  15. Kamura T, Sato S, Haque D, Liu L, Kaelin W, Conaway R, et al. The Elongin BC complex interacts with the conserved SOCS-box motif present in members of the SOCS, ras, WD-40 repeat, and ankyrin repeat families. Genes Dev. 1998;12:3872-81 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that Elongin BC is a multifunctional regulatory complex capable of controlling multiple pathways in the cell through interaction with a short degenerate sequence motif found in many different proteins. ..
  16. Rui L, Yuan M, Frantz D, Shoelson S, White M. SOCS-1 and SOCS-3 block insulin signaling by ubiquitin-mediated degradation of IRS1 and IRS2. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:42394-8 pubmed
    ..Inflammation induces the expression of SOCS proteins. We show that SOCS1 or SOCS3 targeted IRS1 and IRS2, two critical signaling molecules for insulin action, for ubiquitin-mediated ..
  17. Endo T, Masuhara M, Yokouchi M, Suzuki R, Sakamoto H, Mitsui K, et al. A new protein containing an SH2 domain that inhibits JAK kinases. Nature. 1997;387:921-4 pubmed
    ..Using the yeast two-hybrid system, we have now isolated a new SH2-domain-containing protein, JAB, which is a JAK-binding protein that interacts with the Jak2 tyrosine-kinase JH1 domain...
  18. Lee C, Kolesnik T, Caminschi I, Chakravorty A, Carter W, Alexander W, et al. Suppressor of cytokine signalling 1 (SOCS1) is a physiological regulator of the asthma response. Clin Exp Allergy. 2009;39:897-907 pubmed publisher
    ..Suppressor of cytokine signalling 1 (SOCS1) is a negative regulator of IL-4-dependent pathways in vitro and might therefore control T-helper type 2 (Th2) ..
  19. Whyte C, Bishop E, Rückerl D, Gaspar Pereira S, Barker R, Allen J, et al. Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)1 is a key determinant of differential macrophage activation and function. J Leukoc Biol. 2011;90:845-54 pubmed publisher
    ..p. with the parasitic nematode Brugia malayi display a selective and IL-4-dependent up-regulation of SOCS1 but not SOCS3...
  20. Wei H, Wang S, Chen Q, Chen Y, Chi X, Zhang L, et al. Suppression of interferon lambda signaling by SOCS-1 results in their excessive production during influenza virus infection. PLoS Pathog. 2014;10:e1003845 pubmed publisher
  21. Zhang J, Farley A, Nicholson S, Willson T, Zugaro L, Simpson R, et al. The conserved SOCS box motif in suppressors of cytokine signaling binds to elongins B and C and may couple bound proteins to proteasomal degradation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999;96:2071-6 pubmed
    ..Analogous to the family of F-box-containing proteins, it appears that the SOCS proteins may act as adaptor molecules that target activated cell signaling proteins to the protein degradation pathway. ..
  22. Narazaki M, Fujimoto M, Matsumoto T, Morita Y, Saito H, Kajita T, et al. Three distinct domains of SSI-1/SOCS-1/JAB protein are required for its suppression of interleukin 6 signaling. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998;95:13130-4 pubmed
    ..and activators of transcription (STAT)-induced STAT inhibitor 1, also referred to as SOCS-1 (suppressor of cytokine signaling 1) or JAB (Janus kinase-binding protein)] negatively regulates cytokine receptor signaling by ..
  23. Ortiz Muñoz G, Martin Ventura J, Hernandez Vargas P, Mallavia B, Lopez Parra V, Lopez Franco O, et al. Suppressors of cytokine signaling modulate JAK/STAT-mediated cell responses during atherosclerosis. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2009;29:525-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Immunohistochemistry in human plaques revealed a high expression of SOCS1 and SOCS3 by vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and macrophages in the inflammatory region of the shoulders, ..
  24. Naka T, Fujimoto M, Kishimoto T. Negative regulation of cytokine signaling: STAT-induced STAT inhibitor. Trends Biochem Sci. 1999;24:394-8 pubmed
    ..This review will focus on the negative regulation of the Janus tyrosine kinase (JAK)/signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) signaling pathway by proteins related to STAT-induced STAT inhibitor-1 (SSI-1). ..
  25. Chinen T, Kobayashi T, Ogata H, Takaesu G, Takaki H, Hashimoto M, et al. Suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 regulates inflammatory bowel disease in which both IFNgamma and IL-4 are involved. Gastroenterology. 2006;130:373-88 pubmed
    The suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1) is a potent negative regulator of various cytokines and it has been implicated in the regulation of immune responses...
  26. Jamieson E, Chong M, Steinberg G, Jovanovska V, Fam B, Bullen D, et al. Socs1 deficiency enhances hepatic insulin signaling. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:31516-21 pubmed
    b>Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) is an intracellular inhibitor of cytokine, growth factor, and hormone signaling. Socs1-/- mice die before weaning from a multiorgan inflammatory disease...
  27. Limnander A, Danial N, Rothman P. v-Abl signaling disrupts SOCS-1 function in transformed pre-B cells. Mol Cell. 2004;15:329-41 pubmed
    ..These findings reveal a mechanism by which Jak-dependent oncogenes may bypass SOCS-1 inhibition. ..
  28. Hanada T, Kobayashi T, Chinen T, Saeki K, Takaki H, Koga K, et al. IFNgamma-dependent, spontaneous development of colorectal carcinomas in SOCS1-deficient mice. J Exp Med. 2006;203:1391-7 pubmed
    ..Suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1) acts as an important physiological regulator of cytokine responses, and silencing of the SOCS1 gene by DNA ..
  29. Metcalf D, Mifsud S, Di Rago L, Nicola N, Hilton D, Alexander W. Polycystic kidneys and chronic inflammatory lesions are the delayed consequences of loss of the suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:943-8 pubmed
    ..The chronic infections and granulomas of SOCS-1(-/-) IFN-gamma(-/-) mice may be based on autoaggression of SOCS-1(-/-) T lymphoid and related cells or a functional deficiency of these cells when lacking SOCS-1. ..
  30. Chinen T, Komai K, Muto G, Morita R, Inoue N, Yoshida H, et al. Prostaglandin E2 and SOCS1 have a role in intestinal immune tolerance. Nat Commun. 2011;2:190 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we identify suppressor of cytokine signalling 1 (SOCS1) as an essential mediator of immune tolerance in the intestine...
  31. Yoshimura A. The CIS/JAB family: novel negative regulators of JAK signaling pathways. Leukemia. 1998;12:1851-7 pubmed
    ..appear to be induced after stimulation with several different cytokines and at least three of them (CIS1, CIS3 and JAB) negatively regulate cytokine signal transduction by various means...
  32. Lu L, Thai T, Calado D, Chaudhry A, Kubo M, Tanaka K, et al. Foxp3-dependent microRNA155 confers competitive fitness to regulatory T cells by targeting SOCS1 protein. Immunity. 2009;30:80-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, miR155 deficiency in Treg cells resulted in increased suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) expression accompanied by impaired activation of signal transducer and activator of ..
  33. Naka T, Narazaki M, Hirata M, Matsumoto T, Minamoto S, Aono A, et al. Structure and function of a new STAT-induced STAT inhibitor. Nature. 1997;387:924-9 pubmed
    ..When SSI-1 is overexpressed in COS7 cells, it can associate with the kinases Jak2 and Tyk2. These findings indicate that SSI-1 is responsible for negative-feedback regulation of the JAK-STAT pathway induced by cytokine stimulation. ..
  34. Ueki K, Kondo T, Kahn C. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS-1) and SOCS-3 cause insulin resistance through inhibition of tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate proteins by discrete mechanisms. Mol Cell Biol. 2004;24:5434-46 pubmed
    ..These data indicate that SOCS-1 and SOCS-3 act as negative regulators in insulin signaling and serve as one of the missing links between insulin resistance and cytokine signaling. ..
  35. Bullen D, Baldwin T, Curtis J, Alexander W, Handman E. Persistence of lesions in suppressor of cytokine signaling-1-deficient mice infected with Leishmania major. J Immunol. 2003;170:4267-72 pubmed
    ..investigate the role of the cytokine IFN-gamma and its negative regulator, the suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1) in the progression of cutaneous leishmaniasis, we infected mice lacking a single copy of the gene encoding SOCS1 (..
  36. Hilton D, Richardson R, Alexander W, Viney E, Willson T, Sprigg N, et al. Twenty proteins containing a C-terminal SOCS box form five structural classes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998;95:114-9 pubmed
    ..The expression of representative members of each class of proteins differs markedly, as does the regulation of expression by cytokines. The function of the WSB, SSB, and ASB protein families remains to be determined. ..
  37. Alexander W, Starr R, Fenner J, Scott C, Handman E, Sprigg N, et al. SOCS1 is a critical inhibitor of interferon gamma signaling and prevents the potentially fatal neonatal actions of this cytokine. Cell. 1999;98:597-608 pubmed
    Mice lacking suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1) develop a complex fatal neonatal disease...
  38. Tanaka K, Ichiyama K, Hashimoto M, Yoshida H, Takimoto T, Takaesu G, et al. Loss of suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 in helper T cells leads to defective Th17 differentiation by enhancing antagonistic effects of IFN-gamma on STAT3 and Smads. J Immunol. 2008;180:3746-56 pubmed
    b>Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) is an important negative regulator for cytokines; however, the role of SOCS1 in Th17 differentiation has not been clarified...
  39. Lu L, Boldin M, Chaudhry A, Lin L, Taganov K, Hanada T, et al. Function of miR-146a in controlling Treg cell-mediated regulation of Th1 responses. Cell. 2010;142:914-29 pubmed publisher
    ..Likewise, heightened Stat1 activation in Treg cells subjected to a selective ablation of SOCS1, a key negative regulator of Stat1 phosphorylation downstream of the IFN? receptor, was associated with analogous ..
  40. Seki Y, Hayashi K, Matsumoto A, Seki N, Tsukada J, Ransom J, et al. Expression of the suppressor of cytokine signaling-5 (SOCS5) negatively regulates IL-4-dependent STAT6 activation and Th2 differentiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:13003-8 pubmed
    ..Therefore, the induced SOCS5 protein in Th1 differentiation environment may play an important role by regulating Th1 and Th2 balance. ..
  41. Shen L, Evel Kabler K, Strube R, Chen S. Silencing of SOCS1 enhances antigen presentation by dendritic cells and antigen-specific anti-tumor immunity. Nat Biotechnol. 2004;22:1546-53 pubmed
    ..Silencing SOCS1 in antigen-presenting DCs strongly enhances antigen-specific anti-tumor immunity...
  42. Metcalf D, Alexander W, Elefanty A, Nicola N, Hilton D, Starr R, et al. Aberrant hematopoiesis in mice with inactivation of the gene encoding SOCS-1. Leukemia. 1999;13:926-34 pubmed
    ..The suppressive effects of IFN-gamma therefore appear to involve interactions with particular growth factor-initiated signals in -/- cells--interactions that are strongly modulated by the action of the SOCS-1 protein. ..
  43. Eyles J, Metcalf D, Grusby M, Hilton D, Starr R. Negative regulation of interleukin-12 signaling by suppressor of cytokine signaling-1. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:43735-40 pubmed
    ..SOCS-1(-/-) STAT4(-/-) mice have improved survival relative to SOCS-1(-/-) mice, but die between 1 and 2 months of age. We conclude that, in addition to IFNgamma, SOCS-1 regulates responses to IL-12. ..
  44. Yoshida T, Ogata H, Kamio M, Joo A, Shiraishi H, Tokunaga Y, et al. SOCS1 is a suppressor of liver fibrosis and hepatitis-induced carcinogenesis. J Exp Med. 2004;199:1701-7 pubmed
    ..Silencing of the suppressor of the cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1) gene, a negative regulator of cytokine signaling, by DNA methylation has been implicated in development or ..
  45. Fenner J, Starr R, Cornish A, Zhang J, Metcalf D, Schreiber R, et al. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 regulates the immune response to infection by a unique inhibition of type I interferon activity. Nat Immunol. 2006;7:33-9 pubmed
    b>Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) is a critical regulator of cytokine signaling and immune responses. SOCS1-deficient mice develop severe inflammatory disease, but are very resistant to viral infections...
  46. Hanada T, Tanaka K, Matsumura Y, Yamauchi M, Nishinakamura H, Aburatani H, et al. Induction of hyper Th1 cell-type immune responses by dendritic cells lacking the suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 gene. J Immunol. 2005;174:4325-32 pubmed
    Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS1/JAB) has been shown to play an important role in regulating dendritic cell (DC) function and suppressing inflammatory diseases and systemic autoimmunity...
  47. Wang P, Hou J, Lin L, Wang C, Liu X, Li D, et al. Inducible microRNA-155 feedback promotes type I IFN signaling in antiviral innate immunity by targeting suppressor of cytokine signaling 1. J Immunol. 2010;185:6226-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1), a canonical negative regulator of type I IFN signaling, is targeted by miR-155 in ..
  48. Chen X, Losman J, Cowan S, Donahue E, Fay S, Vuong B, et al. Pim serine/threonine kinases regulate the stability of Socs-1 protein. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:2175-80 pubmed
    ..These data suggest that the Pim kinases may regulate cytokine-induced JAK-STAT signaling through modulation of Socs-1 protein levels. ..
  49. Morita Y, Naka T, Kawazoe Y, Fujimoto M, Narazaki M, Nakagawa R, et al. Signals transducers and activators of transcription (STAT)-induced STAT inhibitor-1 (SSI-1)/suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1) suppresses tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced cell death in fibroblasts. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000;97:5405-10 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that SSI-1 suppresses TNF-alpha-induced cell death, which is mediated by p38 MAP kinase signaling. ..
  50. Yu C, Mahdi R, Oh H, Amadi Obi A, Levy Clarke G, Burton J, et al. Suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1) inhibits lymphocyte recruitment into the retina and protects SOCS1 transgenic rats and mice from ocular inflammation. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:6978-86 pubmed publisher
    ..signaling (SOCS) proteins regulate the intensity and duration of cytokine signals and defective expression of SOCS1 and SOCS3 has been reported in a number of human diseases...
  51. Ilangumaran S, Ramanathan S, Ning T, La Rose J, Reinhart B, Poussier P, et al. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 attenuates IL-15 receptor signaling in CD8+ thymocytes. Blood. 2003;102:4115-22 pubmed
    b>SOCS1-/- mice die prematurely of increased interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) signaling with severe thymic atrophy and accelerated maturation of T cells...
  52. Ilangumaran S, Ramanathan S, La Rose J, Poussier P, Rottapel R. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 regulates IL-15 receptor signaling in CD8+CD44high memory T lymphocytes. J Immunol. 2003;171:2435-45 pubmed
    ..Many of these cytokines induce the expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1), a feedback inhibitor of JAK kinases...
  53. Sachithanandan N, Graham K, Galic S, Honeyman J, Fynch S, Hewitt K, et al. Macrophage deletion of SOCS1 increases sensitivity to LPS and palmitic acid and results in systemic inflammation and hepatic insulin resistance. Diabetes. 2011;60:2023-31 pubmed publisher
    ..An important regulator of inflammation is the suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1), which inhibits the JAK-STAT and toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) pathways...