Gene Symbol: Smarca4
Description: SWI/SNF related, matrix associated, actin dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily a, member 4
Alias: BAF190A, Brg1, HP1-BP72, SNF2beta, SW1/SNF, b2b508.1Clo, b2b692Clo, transcription activator BRG1, ATP-dependent helicase SMARCA4, BRG1-associated factor 190A, SNF2-beta, SWI/SNF-related matrix-associated actin-dependent regulator of chromatin subfamily A member 4, protein brahma homolog 1
Species: mouse
Products:     Smarca4

Top Publications

  1. Chi T, Wan M, Zhao K, Taniuchi I, Chen L, Littman D, et al. Reciprocal regulation of CD4/CD8 expression by SWI/SNF-like BAF complexes. Nature. 2002;418:195-9 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that BAF complexes contribute to lineage bifurcation by reciprocally regulating lineage-specific genes, reminiscent of the role of the yeast SWI/SNF complex in mediating mating-type switching. ..
  2. Chi T, Wan M, Lee P, Akashi K, Metzger D, Chambon P, et al. Sequential roles of Brg, the ATPase subunit of BAF chromatin remodeling complexes, in thymocyte development. Immunity. 2003;19:169-82 pubmed
    ..Our studies indicate that BAF complexes dynamically remodel chromatin to propel sequential developmental transitions in response to external signals. ..
  3. Zhang M, Fang H, Zhou J, Herring B. A novel role of Brg1 in the regulation of SRF/MRTFA-dependent smooth muscle-specific gene expression. J Biol Chem. 2007;282:25708-16 pubmed
    ..We hypothesized that SWI/SNF ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complexes, containing Brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1) or Brahma (Brm), may play a role in this process...
  4. Tamkun J, Deuring R, Scott M, Kissinger M, Pattatucci A, Kaufman T, et al. brahma: a regulator of Drosophila homeotic genes structurally related to the yeast transcriptional activator SNF2/SWI2. Cell. 1992;68:561-72 pubmed
    ..In addition, both brm and SNF2 contain a 77 amino acid motif that is found in other Drosophila, yeast, and human regulatory proteins and may be characteristic of a new family of regulatory proteins. ..
  5. Wurster A, Pazin M. BRG1-mediated chromatin remodeling regulates differentiation and gene expression of T helper cells. Mol Cell Biol. 2008;28:7274-85 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that the ATP-dependent remodeling enzyme subunit BRG1 was required for T helper 2 (Th2) differentiation and Th2 cytokine transcription...
  6. Dunaief J, Strober B, Guha S, Khavari P, Alin K, Luban J, et al. The retinoblastoma protein and BRG1 form a complex and cooperate to induce cell cycle arrest. Cell. 1994;79:119-30 pubmed
    ..Using the yeast two-hybrid system, we found that RB bound specifically to the protein BRG1. BRG1 shares extensive sequence similarity to Drosophila brahma, an activator of homeotic gene expression, and the ..
  7. Bultman S, Gebuhr T, Magnuson T. A Brg1 mutation that uncouples ATPase activity from chromatin remodeling reveals an essential role for SWI/SNF-related complexes in beta-globin expression and erythroid development. Genes Dev. 2005;19:2849-61 pubmed
    The Brg1 catalytic subunit of SWI/SNF-related complexes has been implicated in many developmental and physiological processes, but null homozygotes die as blastocysts prior to implantation...
  8. Weider M, K spert M, Bischof M, Vogl M, Hornig J, Loy K, et al. Chromatin-remodeling factor Brg1 is required for Schwann cell differentiation and myelination. Dev Cell. 2012;23:193-201 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we show that the glial transcription factor Sox10 functions in Schwann cells by recruiting Brg1-containing chromatin-remodeling complexes via Baf60a to regulatory regions of Oct6 and Krox20 genes...
  9. Fang F, Chen D, Yu L, Dai X, Yang Y, Tian W, et al. Proinflammatory stimuli engage Brahma related gene 1 and Brahma in endothelial injury. Circ Res. 2013;113:986-96 pubmed publisher
    ..Our goal was to determine the involvement of Brahma related gene 1 (Brg1) and Brahma (Brm) in CAM transactivation and its relevance in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis...

More Information


  1. Limpert A, Bai S, Narayan M, Wu J, Yoon S, Carter B, et al. NF-κB forms a complex with the chromatin remodeler BRG1 to regulate Schwann cell differentiation. J Neurosci. 2013;33:2388-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report that BRG1/SMARCA4, the central helicase of the mammalian SWI/SNF-related chromatin remodeling complex, is required for Schwann ..
  2. Kidder B, Palmer S, Knott J. SWI/SNF-Brg1 regulates self-renewal and occupies core pluripotency-related genes in embryonic stem cells. Stem Cells. 2009;27:317-28 pubmed publisher
    The SWI/SNF-Brg1 chromatin remodeling protein plays critical roles in cell-cycle control and differentiation through regulation of gene expression...
  3. Tian W, Xu H, Fang F, Chen Q, Xu Y, Shen A. Brahma-related gene 1 bridges epigenetic regulation of proinflammatory cytokine production to steatohepatitis in mice. Hepatology. 2013;58:576-88 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report that the ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling proteins Brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1) and Brahma (Brm) were up-regulated in vitro in cultured hepatocytes treated with free fatty acid or glucose and in ..
  4. Vradii D, Wagner S, Doan D, Nickerson J, Montecino M, Lian J, et al. Brg1, the ATPase subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, is required for myeloid differentiation to granulocytes. J Cell Physiol. 2006;206:112-8 pubmed
    Many mammalian SWI/SNF complexes use Brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1) as a catalytic subunit to remodel nucleosomes for transcription regulation...
  5. Lamba D, Hayes S, Karl M, Reh T. Baf60c is a component of the neural progenitor-specific BAF complex in developing retina. Dev Dyn. 2008;237:3016-23 pubmed publisher
    ..It consists of several proteins, including an ATPase subunit, either Brg1 or Brm...
  6. Xiong Y, Li W, Shang C, Chen R, Han P, Yang J, et al. Brg1 governs a positive feedback circuit in the hair follicle for tissue regeneration and repair. Dev Cell. 2013;25:169-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we show that Brg1, a key enzyme in the chromatin-remodeling machinery, is dynamically expressed in bulge cells to control tissue ..
  7. Matsumoto S, Banine F, Struve J, Xing R, Adams C, Liu Y, et al. Brg1 is required for murine neural stem cell maintenance and gliogenesis. Dev Biol. 2006;289:372-83 pubmed
    ..Here, we show that brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1), an ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling factor, is required for the repression of neuronal commitment and the ..
  8. Park J, Venteicher A, Hong J, Choi J, Jun S, Shkreli M, et al. Telomerase modulates Wnt signalling by association with target gene chromatin. Nature. 2009;460:66-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The telomerase protein component TERT (telomerase reverse transcriptase) interacts with BRG1 (also called SMARCA4), a SWI/SNF-related chromatin remodelling protein, and activates Wnt-dependent reporters in cultured cells and in ..
  9. Sumi Ichinose C, Ichinose H, Metzger D, Chambon P. SNF2beta-BRG1 is essential for the viability of F9 murine embryonal carcinoma cells. Mol Cell Biol. 1997;17:5976-86 pubmed
    ..There are two mammalian homologs of the yeast SNF2-SWI2 subunit protein, SNF2alpha-brm and SNF2beta-BRG1, and overexpression of either one of them has been shown to enhance transcriptional activation by ..
  10. Indra A, Dupé V, Bornert J, Messaddeq N, Yaniv M, Mark M, et al. Temporally controlled targeted somatic mutagenesis in embryonic surface ectoderm and fetal epidermal keratinocytes unveils two distinct developmental functions of BRG1 in limb morphogenesis and skin barrier formation. Development. 2005;132:4533-44 pubmed
    Animal SWI2/SNF2 protein complexes containing either the brahma (BRM) or brahma-related gene 1 (BRG1) ATPase are involved in nucleosome remodelling and may control the accessibility of sequence-specific transcription factors to DNA...
  11. Gómez del Arco P, Koipally J, Georgopoulos K. Ikaros SUMOylation: switching out of repression. Mol Cell Biol. 2005;25:2688-97 pubmed
    ..These studies reveal a new dynamic way by which Ikaros-mediated gene repression is controlled by SUMOylation. ..
  12. Seo S, Richardson G, Kroll K. The SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling protein Brg1 is required for vertebrate neurogenesis and mediates transactivation of Ngn and NeuroD. Development. 2005;132:105-15 pubmed
    ..b>Brg1 is the catalytic subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex and shows neural-enriched expression...
  13. Kim J, Huh S, Choi H, Lee K, Shin D, Lee C, et al. Srg3, a mouse homolog of yeast SWI3, is essential for early embryogenesis and involved in brain development. Mol Cell Biol. 2001;21:7787-95 pubmed
    ..Our findings demonstrate that Srg3 is essential for early embryogenesis and plays an important role in the brain development of mice. ..
  14. Remboutsika E, Lutz Y, Gansmuller A, Vonesch J, Losson R, Chambon P. The putative nuclear receptor mediator TIF1alpha is tightly associated with euchromatin. J Cell Sci. 1999;112 ( Pt 11):1671-83 pubmed
    ..g. liganded nuclear receptors) to their cognate sites in target genes, thereby participitating in the epigenetic control of transcription during embryonic development and cell differentiation. ..
  15. Cohen S, Chastain P, Rosson G, Groh B, Weissman B, Kaufman D, et al. BRG1 co-localizes with DNA replication factors and is required for efficient replication fork progression. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010;38:6906-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we demonstrate that the BRG1 catalytic subunit of mammalian SWI/SNF-related complexes co-localizes with origin recognition complexes, GINS ..
  16. Yu Y, Chen Y, Kim B, Wang H, Zhao C, He X, et al. Olig2 targets chromatin remodelers to enhancers to initiate oligodendrocyte differentiation. Cell. 2013;152:248-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we demonstrate that activation of ATP-dependent SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling enzyme Smarca4/Brg1 at the differentiation onset is necessary and sufficient to initiate and promote oligodendrocyte lineage ..
  17. Ohkawa Y, Marfella C, Imbalzano A. Skeletal muscle specification by myogenin and Mef2D via the SWI/SNF ATPase Brg1. EMBO J. 2006;25:490-501 pubmed
    ..occurred at late gene loci, concomitant with loss of HDAC2, the appearance of both the Mef2D regulator and the Brg1 chromatin-remodeling enzyme, and the opening of chromatin structure...
  18. Legouy E, Thompson E, Muchardt C, Renard J. Differential preimplantation regulation of two mouse homologues of the yeast SWI2 protein. Dev Dyn. 1998;212:38-48 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that the two murine homologues of SWI2 have substantially different roles in chromatin organization during the onset of embryonic development. ..
  19. Bultman S, Herschkowitz J, Godfrey V, Gebuhr T, Yaniv M, Perou C, et al. Characterization of mammary tumors from Brg1 heterozygous mice. Oncogene. 2008;27:460-8 pubmed
    ..We previously generated a null mutation of the Brg1 catalytic subunit in the mouse and reported that homozygotes die during embryogenesis...
  20. Griffin C, Brennan J, Magnuson T. The chromatin-remodeling enzyme BRG1 plays an essential role in primitive erythropoiesis and vascular development. Development. 2008;135:493-500 pubmed their catalytic subunit: brahma (BRM, also known as SMARCA2) and brahma-related gene 1 (BRG1, also known as SMARCA4)...
  21. Lessard J, Wu J, Ranish J, Wan M, Winslow M, Staahl B, et al. An essential switch in subunit composition of a chromatin remodeling complex during neural development. Neuron. 2007;55:201-15 pubmed
    ..More broadly, these studies suggest that SWI/SNF-like complexes in vertebrates achieve biological specificity by combinatorial assembly of their subunits. ..
  22. Randazzo F, Khavari P, Crabtree G, Tamkun J, Rossant J. brg1: a putative murine homologue of the Drosophila brahma gene, a homeotic gene regulator. Dev Biol. 1994;161:229-42 pubmed
    ..We have cloned a murine gene, brg1, which, like brm, encodes a member of the DEGH protein family, suggesting that brg1 may be a DNA-dependent ATPase ..
  23. Bultman S, Gebuhr T, Pan H, Svoboda P, Schultz R, Magnuson T. Maternal BRG1 regulates zygotic genome activation in the mouse. Genes Dev. 2006;20:1744-54 pubmed
    ..To test this hypothesis, we generated a maternal-effect mutation of Brg1, which encodes a catalytic subunit of SWI/SNF-related complexes, utilizing Cre-loxP gene targeting...
  24. Xu Z, Meng X, Cai Y, Koury M, Brandt S. Recruitment of the SWI/SNF protein Brg1 by a multiprotein complex effects transcriptional repression in murine erythroid progenitors. Biochem J. 2006;399:297-304 pubmed
    ..While one of two homologous ATPases, Brg1 [Brm (Brahma)-related gene 1] or Brm, is required for their chromatin remodelling function, less is known about how ..
  25. Ho L, Jothi R, Ronan J, Cui K, Zhao K, Crabtree G. An embryonic stem cell chromatin remodeling complex, esBAF, is an essential component of the core pluripotency transcriptional network. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:5187-91 pubmed publisher
  26. Salma N, Xiao H, Mueller E, Imbalzano A. Temporal recruitment of transcription factors and SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling enzymes during adipogenic induction of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma nuclear hormone receptor. Mol Cell Biol. 2004;24:4651-63 pubmed
    ..forced by overexpression of adipogenic regulatory proteins is blocked upon expression of dominant-negative BRG1 or hBRM, the ATPase subunits of distinct SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling enzymes...
  27. Holik A, Krzystyniak J, Young M, Richardson K, Jardé T, Chambon P, et al. Brg1 is required for stem cell maintenance in the murine intestinal epithelium in a tissue-specific manner. Stem Cells. 2013;31:2457-66 pubmed publisher
    b>Brg1 is a chromatin remodeling factor involved in mediation of a plethora of signaling pathways leading to its participation in various physiological processes both during development and in adult tissues...
  28. Gebuhr T, Kovalev G, Bultman S, Godfrey V, Su L, Magnuson T. The role of Brg1, a catalytic subunit of mammalian chromatin-remodeling complexes, in T cell development. J Exp Med. 2003;198:1937-49 pubmed
    Mammalian SWI-SNF-related complexes use brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1) as a catalytic subunit to remodel nucleosomes and regulate transcription...
  29. Kim S, Bultman S, Kiefer C, Dean A, Bresnick E. BRG1 requirement for long-range interaction of a locus control region with a downstream promoter. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:2259-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Using mice bearing a hypomorphic allele of the BRG1 chromatin remodeler, we demonstrate that the Brg1 mutation abrogated a cell type-specific loop between the beta-..
  30. Miller S, Mohn S, Weinmann A. Jmjd3 and UTX play a demethylase-independent role in chromatin remodeling to regulate T-box family member-dependent gene expression. Mol Cell. 2010;40:594-605 pubmed publisher
    ..and UTX, mediate a functional interaction between the lineage-defining T-box transcription factor family and a Brg1-containing SWI/SNF remodeling complex...
  31. Bourgo R, Siddiqui H, Fox S, Solomon D, Sansam C, Yaniv M, et al. SWI/SNF deficiency results in aberrant chromatin organization, mitotic failure, and diminished proliferative capacity. Mol Biol Cell. 2009;20:3192-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The ATPase action of SWI/SNF is conferred through either the brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1) or brahma (Brm) subunit of the complex, and it is of central importance to the modification of nucleosome position...
  32. Kim S, Bresnick E, Bultman S. BRG1 directly regulates nucleosome structure and chromatin looping of the alpha globin locus to activate transcription. Nucleic Acids Res. 2009;37:6019-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we demonstrate that the BRG1 catalytic subunit of SWI/SNF-related complexes co-immunoprecipitates with GATA-1 and EKLF in murine fetal liver ..
  33. Kim S, Bultman S, Jing H, Blobel G, Bresnick E. Dissecting molecular steps in chromatin domain activation during hematopoietic differentiation. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:4551-65 pubmed
    ..complementation analysis with GATA-1-null cells and mice containing a hypomorphic allele of the chromatin remodeler BRG1, we dissected the pathway from GATA-1 binding to cofactor recruitment, chromatin loop formation, and ..
  34. Le Douarin B, Nielsen A, Garnier J, Ichinose H, Jeanmougin F, Losson R, et al. A possible involvement of TIF1 alpha and TIF1 beta in the epigenetic control of transcription by nuclear receptors. EMBO J. 1996;15:6701-15 pubmed
    ..Here we discuss how the function of members of the TIF1 family in the control of transcription could be exerted at the level of the structure of the chromatin template. ..
  35. Attanasio C, Nord A, Zhu Y, Blow M, Biddie S, Mendenhall E, et al. Tissue-specific SMARCA4 binding at active and repressed regulatory elements during embryogenesis. Genome Res. 2014;24:920-9 pubmed publisher
    The SMARCA4 (also known as BRG1 in humans) chromatin remodeling factor is critical for establishing lineage-specific chromatin states during early mammalian development...
  36. Zhou J, Zhang M, Fang H, El Mounayri O, Rodenberg J, Imbalzano A, et al. The SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex regulates myocardin-induced smooth muscle-specific gene expression. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2009;29:921-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that both Brg1 and Brm are required for maintaining expression of several smooth muscle-specific genes in primary cultures of ..
  37. Datta J, Majumder S, Bai S, Ghoshal K, Kutay H, Smith D, et al. Physical and functional interaction of DNA methyltransferase 3A with Mbd3 and Brg1 in mouse lymphosarcoma cells. Cancer Res. 2005;65:10891-900 pubmed
    ..polypeptides identified the methyl CpG binding protein Mbd3, histone deacetylase 1(Hdac1), and components of Brg1 complex (Brg1, Baf155, and Baf57) in the purified preparation...
  38. Ho L, Miller E, Ronan J, Ho W, Jothi R, Crabtree G. esBAF facilitates pluripotency by conditioning the genome for LIF/STAT3 signalling and by regulating polycomb function. Nat Cell Biol. 2011;13:903-13 pubmed publisher
    ..We find that STAT3 binding across the pluripotent genome is dependent on Brg1, the ATPase subunit of a specialized chromatin remodelling complex (esBAF) found in ESCs...
  39. Forcales S, Albini S, Giordani L, Malecova B, Cignolo L, Chernov A, et al. Signal-dependent incorporation of MyoD-BAF60c into Brg1-based SWI/SNF chromatin-remodelling complex. EMBO J. 2012;31:301-16 pubmed publisher
    ..threonine by differentiation-activated p38? kinase is the signal that promotes incorporation of MyoD-BAF60c into a Brg1-based SWI/SNF complex, which remodels the chromatin and activates transcription of MyoD-target genes...
  40. Glaros S, Cirrincione G, Palanca A, Metzger D, Reisman D. Targeted knockout of BRG1 potentiates lung cancer development. Cancer Res. 2008;68:3689-96 pubmed publisher
    Brahma-related gene 1 (BRG1) is a catalytic subunit of the switch in mating type/sucrose nonfermentation complex and plays an important role in cancer development...
  41. Bultman S, Gebuhr T, Yee D, La Mantia C, Nicholson J, Gilliam A, et al. A Brg1 null mutation in the mouse reveals functional differences among mammalian SWI/SNF complexes. Mol Cell. 2000;6:1287-95 pubmed
    Mammalian SWI/SNF complexes utilize either brahma (Brm) or brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1) catalytic subunits to remodel nucleosomes in an ATP-dependent manner...
  42. Kim J, Sif S, Jones B, Jackson A, Koipally J, Heller E, et al. Ikaros DNA-binding proteins direct formation of chromatin remodeling complexes in lymphocytes. Immunity. 1999;10:345-55 pubmed
    ..We propose that the restructuring of chromatin is a key aspect of Ikaros function in lymphocyte differentiation. ..
  43. Reyes J, Barra J, Muchardt C, Camus A, Babinet C, Yaniv M. Altered control of cellular proliferation in the absence of mammalian brahma (SNF2alpha). EMBO J. 1998;17:6979-91 pubmed
    ..Within this complex, the BRM (SNF2alpha) and BRG1 (SNF2beta) proteins are mutually exclusive subunits that are believed to affect nucleosomal structures using the energy of ..
  44. Moreno N, Schmidt C, Ahlfeld J, Pöschl J, Dittmar S, Pfister S, et al. Loss of Smarc proteins impairs cerebellar development. J Neurosci. 2014;34:13486-91 pubmed publisher
    b>SMARCA4 (BRG1) and SMARCB1 (INI1) are tumor suppressor genes that are crucially involved in the formation of malignant rhabdoid tumors, such as atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT)...
  45. Nguyen T, Savory J, Brooke Bisschop T, Ringuette R, Foley T, Hess B, et al. Cdx2 Regulates Gene Expression through Recruitment of Brg1-associated Switch-Sucrose Non-fermentable (SWI-SNF) Chromatin Remodeling Activity. J Biol Chem. 2017;292:3389-3399 pubmed publisher
    ..We have found that Cdx members interact with the SWI-SNF complex and make direct contact with Brg1, a catalytic member of SWI-SNF...
  46. Takeuchi J, Lickert H, Bisgrove B, Sun X, Yamamoto M, Chawengsaksophak K, et al. Baf60c is a nuclear Notch signaling component required for the establishment of left-right asymmetry. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:846-51 pubmed
    ..b>Brg1 is also required for these processes, suggesting that BAF complexes are key components of nuclear Notch signaling...
  47. Swarnalatha M, Singh A, Kumar V. Promoter occupancy of MLL1 histone methyltransferase seems to specify the proliferative and apoptotic functions of E2F1 in a tumour microenvironment. J Cell Sci. 2013;126:4636-46 pubmed publisher
    ..and apoptotic functions of E2F1, through its dynamic interaction with the co-activator CBP or co-repressor Brg1. Thus, the temporally regulated promoter occupancy of histone methyltransferase could be a regulatory mechanism ..
  48. Weiss R, Guo S, Shan A, Shi H, Romano R, Sinha S, et al. Brg1 determines urothelial cell fate during ureter development. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013;24:618-26 pubmed publisher
    Developing and adult ureters express the epigenetic regulator Brg1, but the role of Brg1 in ureter development is not well understood...
  49. Chi Y, Senyuk V, Chakraborty S, Nucifora G. EVI1 promotes cell proliferation by interacting with BRG1 and blocking the repression of BRG1 on E2F1 activity. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:49806-11 pubmed
    ..In this report, we show that EVI1 physically interacts with BRG1 and its functional homolog BRM in mammalian cells...
  50. Curtis C, Griffin C. The chromatin-remodeling enzymes BRG1 and CHD4 antagonistically regulate vascular Wnt signaling. Mol Cell Biol. 2012;32:1312-20 pubmed publisher
    ..We previously reported that the chromatin-remodeling enzyme BRG1 promotes vascular Wnt signaling...
  51. Ohkawa Y, Yoshimura S, Higashi C, Marfella C, Dacwag C, Tachibana T, et al. Myogenin and the SWI/SNF ATPase Brg1 maintain myogenic gene expression at different stages of skeletal myogenesis. J Biol Chem. 2007;282:6564-70 pubmed
    ..MyoD and the mammalian SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling enzymes containing the Brg1 ATPase are necessary to induce myogenesis in cell culture models and in developing embryonic tissue, whereas ..
  52. von Figura G, Fukuda A, Roy N, Liku M, Morris Iv J, Kim G, et al. The chromatin regulator Brg1 suppresses formation of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Nat Cell Biol. 2014;16:255-67 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we find that loss of Brg1, a core subunit of SWI/SNF chromatin remodelling complexes, cooperates with oncogenic Kras to form cystic ..
  53. Wang G, Balamotis M, Stevens J, Yamaguchi Y, Handa H, Berk A. Mediator requirement for both recruitment and postrecruitment steps in transcription initiation. Mol Cell. 2005;17:683-94 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that an interaction with MED23 stimulates initiation by promoter bound Pol II in addition to Pol II and GTF recruitment. ..
  54. Cao M, Wu J. Camk2a-Cre-mediated conditional deletion of chromatin remodeler Brg1 causes perinatal hydrocephalus. Neurosci Lett. 2015;597:71-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Mutations in the genes encoding the core subunit Brg1/SmarcA4 or other complex components cause neurodevelopmental diseases and are associated with autism...
  55. King H, Klose R. The pioneer factor OCT4 requires the chromatin remodeller BRG1 to support gene regulatory element function in mouse embryonic stem cells. elife. 2017;6: pubmed publisher
    ..Chromatin accessibility at OCT4-bound sites requires the chromatin remodeller BRG1, which is recruited to these sites by OCT4 to support additional transcription factor binding and expression of the ..
  56. Shpargel K, Sengoku T, Yokoyama S, Magnuson T. UTX and UTY demonstrate histone demethylase-independent function in mouse embryonic development. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1002964 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data suggest that UTX and UTY are able to regulate gene activity through demethylase independent mechanisms. We conclude that UTX H3K27 demethylation is non-essential for embryonic viability. ..
  57. Itoh T, Miyake K, Yamaguchi T, Tsuge M, Kaneoka H, Iijima S. Constitutive expression of the brg1 gene requires GC-boxes near to the transcriptional start site. J Biochem. 2011;149:301-9 pubmed publisher
    We previously reported that BRG1, an ATPase subunit of SWI/SNF chromatin remodelling complexes, is constitutively expressed and that the alternative ATPase subunit (BRM) is inducibly expressed through differentiation in mammalian cells...
  58. Matsumoto S, Banine F, Feistel K, Foster S, Xing R, Struve J, et al. Brg1 directly regulates Olig2 transcription and is required for oligodendrocyte progenitor cell specification. Dev Biol. 2016;413:173-87 pubmed publisher
    ..How Olig2 expression is regulated during oligodendrogliogenesis is not clear. Here, we find that the Brg1 subunit of SWI/SNF complexes interacts with a proximal Olig2 promoter and represses Olig2 transcription in the ..
  59. Marathe H, Watkins Chow D, Weider M, Hoffmann A, Mehta G, Trivedi A, et al. BRG1 interacts with SOX10 to establish the melanocyte lineage and to promote differentiation. Nucleic Acids Res. 2017;45:6442-6458 pubmed publisher
    ..Using a sensitized mutagenesis screen, we identified Smarca4 as a modifier gene that exacerbates the phenotypic severity of Sox10 haplo-insufficient mice...
  60. Dykhuizen E, Hargreaves D, Miller E, Cui K, Korshunov A, Kool M, et al. BAF complexes facilitate decatenation of DNA by topoisomerase II?. Nature. 2013;497:624-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Several proteins dedicated to this multisubunit complex, including BRG1 (also known as SMARCA4) and BAF250a (also known as ARID1A), are mutated at frequencies similar to those of recognized tumour suppressors...
  61. Padilla Benavides T, Nasipak B, Imbalzano A. Brg1 Controls the Expression of Pax7 to Promote Viability and Proliferation of Mouse Primary Myoblasts. J Cell Physiol. 2015;230:2990-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Brg1 (Brahma-related gene 1) is a catalytic component of the evolutionarily conserved mammalian SWI/SNF ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling enzymes that disrupt histone-DNA contacts on the nucleosome...