Gene Symbol: Pycard
Description: PYD and CARD domain containing
Alias: 9130417A21Rik, Asc, CARD5, TMS-1, TNS1, masc, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD, PYD and CARD domain-containing protein
Species: mouse
Products:     Pycard

Top Publications

  1. Duewell P, Kono H, Rayner K, Sirois C, Vladimer G, Bauernfeind F, et al. NLRP3 inflammasomes are required for atherogenesis and activated by cholesterol crystals. Nature. 2010;464:1357-61 pubmed publisher low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) were bone-marrow transplanted with NLRP3-deficient, ASC (also known as PYCARD)-deficient or IL-1alpha/beta-deficient bone marrow and fed on a high-cholesterol diet, they had markedly decreased ..
  2. Fang R, Tsuchiya K, Kawamura I, Shen Y, Hara H, Sakai S, et al. Critical roles of ASC inflammasomes in caspase-1 activation and host innate resistance to Streptococcus pneumoniae infection. J Immunol. 2011;187:4890-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study revealed that apoptosis-associated specklike protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC), an adaptor protein for inflammasome receptors such as nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor ..
  3. Franchi L, Eigenbrod T, Nunez G. Cutting edge: TNF-alpha mediates sensitization to ATP and silica via the NLRP3 inflammasome in the absence of microbial stimulation. J Immunol. 2009;183:792-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The effect of TNF-alpha was abolished in macrophages deficient in TNF receptor I and II, Nlrp3, or ASC, whereas that induced by TLR ligands required MyD88/Trif...
  4. Hara H, Tsuchiya K, Kawamura I, Fang R, Hernandez Cuellar E, Shen Y, et al. Phosphorylation of the adaptor ASC acts as a molecular switch that controls the formation of speck-like aggregates and inflammasome activity. Nat Immunol. 2013;14:1247-55 pubmed publisher
    The inflammasome adaptor ASC contributes to innate immunity through the activation of caspase-1...
  5. Hornung V, Ablasser A, Charrel Dennis M, Bauernfeind F, Horvath G, Caffrey D, et al. AIM2 recognizes cytosolic dsDNA and forms a caspase-1-activating inflammasome with ASC. Nature. 2009;458:514-8 pubmed publisher
    ..DNA, whereas the pyrin domain (but not that of the other PYHIN family members) associates with the adaptor molecule ASC (apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase activation and recruitment domain) to activate both ..
  6. Kool M, Petrilli V, De Smedt T, Rolaz A, Hammad H, van Nimwegen M, et al. Cutting edge: alum adjuvant stimulates inflammatory dendritic cells through activation of the NALP3 inflammasome. J Immunol. 2008;181:3755-9 pubmed
    ..We propose that, in addition to TLR stimulators, agonists of the NALP3 inflammasome should also be considered as vaccine adjuvants...
  7. Kanneganti T, Lamkanfi M, Kim Y, Chen G, Park J, Franchi L, et al. Pannexin-1-mediated recognition of bacterial molecules activates the cryopyrin inflammasome independent of Toll-like receptor signaling. Immunity. 2007;26:433-43 pubmed
  8. Sokolovska A, Becker C, Ip W, Rathinam V, Brudner M, Paquette N, et al. Activation of caspase-1 by the NLRP3 inflammasome regulates the NADPH oxidase NOX2 to control phagosome function. Nat Immunol. 2013;14:543-53 pubmed publisher
    ..These data provide insight into a mechanism by which innate immune signals can modify cellular defenses and establish a new function for the NLRP3 inflammasome and caspase-1 in host defense. ..
  9. Drexler S, Bonsignore L, Masin M, Tardivel A, Jackstadt R, Hermeking H, et al. Tissue-specific opposing functions of the inflammasome adaptor ASC in the regulation of epithelial skin carcinogenesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:18384-9 pubmed publisher
    ..IL-1 receptor- or caspase-1-deficient mice, or mice specifically deficient for the inflammasome adaptor protein ASC (apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD) in myeloid cells, had reduced tumor incidence, pointing ..

More Information


  1. Martinon F, Petrilli V, Mayor A, Tardivel A, Tschopp J. Gout-associated uric acid crystals activate the NALP3 inflammasome. Nature. 2006;440:237-41 pubmed
    ..Macrophages from mice deficient in various components of the inflammasome such as caspase-1, ASC and NALP3 are defective in crystal-induced IL-1beta activation...
  2. Miao E, Alpuche Aranda C, Dors M, Clark A, Bader M, Miller S, et al. Cytoplasmic flagellin activates caspase-1 and secretion of interleukin 1beta via Ipaf. Nat Immunol. 2006;7:569-75 pubmed
  3. Ippagunta S, Malireddi R, Shaw P, Neale G, Vande Walle L, Green D, et al. The inflammasome adaptor ASC regulates the function of adaptive immune cells by controlling Dock2-mediated Rac activation and actin polymerization. Nat Immunol. 2011;12:1010-6 pubmed publisher
    The adaptor ASC contributes to innate immunity through the assembly of inflammasome complexes that activate the cysteine protease caspase-1...
  4. Broz P, Newton K, Lamkanfi M, Mariathasan S, Dixit V, Monack D. Redundant roles for inflammasome receptors NLRP3 and NLRC4 in host defense against Salmonella. J Exp Med. 2010;207:1745-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Responding to distinct bacterial triggers, NLRP3 and NLRC4 recruited ASC and caspase-1 into a single cytoplasmic focus, which served as the site of pro-IL-1beta processing...
  5. Wen H, Gris D, Lei Y, JHA S, Zhang L, Huang M, et al. Fatty acid-induced NLRP3-ASC inflammasome activation interferes with insulin signaling. Nat Immunol. 2011;12:408-15 pubmed publisher
    ..We show that the saturated fatty acid palmitate, but not unsaturated oleate, induces the activation of the NLRP3-ASC inflammasome, causing caspase-1, IL-1? and IL-18 production...
  6. Kayagaki N, Warming S, Lamkanfi M, Vande Walle L, Louie S, Dong J, et al. Non-canonical inflammasome activation targets caspase-11. Nature. 2011;479:117-21 pubmed publisher
    ..comprised of intracellular nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) and the adaptor ASC is believed to be essential for production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1? and IL-18 during ..
  7. Murakami T, Ockinger J, Yu J, Byles V, McColl A, Hofer A, et al. Critical role for calcium mobilization in activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:11282-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings support a model for NLRP3 inflammasome activation by Ca(2+)-mediated mitochondrial damage. ..
  8. Brydges S, Mueller J, McGeough M, Pena C, Misaghi A, Gandhi C, et al. Inflammasome-mediated disease animal models reveal roles for innate but not adaptive immunity. Immunity. 2009;30:875-87 pubmed publisher
    ..These data suggest that CAPS are true inflammasome-mediated diseases and provide insight for more common inflammatory disorders. ..
  9. Eisenbarth S, Colegio O, O Connor W, Sutterwala F, Flavell R. Crucial role for the Nalp3 inflammasome in the immunostimulatory properties of aluminium adjuvants. Nature. 2008;453:1122-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, in vivo, mice deficient in Nalp3, ASC (apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain) or caspase-1 failed to mount a ..
  10. Franklin B, Bossaller L, De Nardo D, Ratter J, Stutz A, Engels G, et al. The adaptor ASC has extracellular and 'prionoid' activities that propagate inflammation. Nat Immunol. 2014;15:727-37 pubmed publisher
    Microbes or danger signals trigger inflammasome sensors, which induce polymerization of the adaptor ASC and the assembly of ASC specks...
  11. Kayagaki N, Wong M, Stowe I, Ramani S, Gonzalez L, Akashi Takamura S, et al. Noncanonical inflammasome activation by intracellular LPS independent of TLR4. Science. 2013;341:1246-9 pubmed publisher
    ..coli LPS. These data unveil a TLR4-independent mechanism for innate immune recognition of LPS. ..
  12. Mankan A, Dau T, Jenne D, Hornung V. The NLRP3/ASC/Caspase-1 axis regulates IL-1? processing in neutrophils. Eur J Immunol. 2012;42:710-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings establish the NLRP3 inflammasome as a key step in the secretion of matured IL-1? by neutrophils. ..
  13. Kanneganti T, Ozören N, Body Malapel M, Amer A, Park J, Franchi L, et al. Bacterial RNA and small antiviral compounds activate caspase-1 through cryopyrin/Nalp3. Nature. 2006;440:233-6 pubmed
    ..a multi-protein complex termed 'the inflammasome', which contains the apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC) and caspase-1, and promotes caspase-1 activation and processing of pro-interleukin (IL)-1beta (ref. 4)...
  14. Kanneganti T, Body Malapel M, Amer A, Park J, Whitfield J, Franchi L, et al. Critical role for Cryopyrin/Nalp3 in activation of caspase-1 in response to viral infection and double-stranded RNA. J Biol Chem. 2006;281:36560-8 pubmed
    ..triggered by poly(I:C), dsRNA, and viral RNA was abrogated in macrophages lacking cryopyrin or the adaptor ASC (apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase-activating and recruitment domain) but proceeded ..
  15. Gasse P, Mary C, Guenon I, Noulin N, Charron S, Schnyder Candrian S, et al. IL-1R1/MyD88 signaling and the inflammasome are essential in pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis in mice. J Clin Invest. 2007;117:3786-99 pubmed
    ..Finally, we found that lung IL-1beta production and inflammation in response to bleomycin required ASC, an inflammasome adaptor molecule...
  16. Bauernfeind F, Horvath G, Stutz A, Alnemri E, MacDonald K, Speert D, et al. Cutting edge: NF-kappaB activating pattern recognition and cytokine receptors license NLRP3 inflammasome activation by regulating NLRP3 expression. J Immunol. 2009;183:787-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Signals provided by NF-kappaB activators are necessary but not sufficient for NLRP3 activation, and a second stimulus such as ATP or crystal-induced damage is required for NLRP3 activation. ..
  17. Qu Y, Franchi L, Nunez G, Dubyak G. Nonclassical IL-1 beta secretion stimulated by P2X7 receptors is dependent on inflammasome activation and correlated with exosome release in murine macrophages. J Immunol. 2007;179:1913-25 pubmed
    ..Our findings suggest an alternative model of IL-1 beta release that may involve the P2X7R-induced formation of multivesicular bodies that contain exosomes with entrapped IL-1 beta, caspase-1, and other inflammasome components. ..
  18. Ritter M, Gross O, Kays S, Ruland J, Nimmerjahn F, Saijo S, et al. Schistosoma mansoni triggers Dectin-2, which activates the Nlrp3 inflammasome and alters adaptive immune responses. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:20459-64 pubmed publisher
    ..the in vivo consequences of Schistosoma mansoni infection in mice deficient in the central inflammasome adapter ASC and Nlrp3 molecule...
  19. Willingham S, Allen I, Bergstralh D, Brickey W, Huang M, Taxman D, et al. NLRP3 (NALP3, Cryopyrin) facilitates in vivo caspase-1 activation, necrosis, and HMGB1 release via inflammasome-dependent and -independent pathways. J Immunol. 2009;183:2008-15 pubmed publisher
    ..The regulation of these responses is studied in the context of the inflammasome components NLRP3 and ASC, which are important for caspase-1 activation and IL-1beta release...
  20. Lara Tejero M, Sutterwala F, Ogura Y, Grant E, Bertin J, Coyle A, et al. Role of the caspase-1 inflammasome in Salmonella typhimurium pathogenesis. J Exp Med. 2006;203:1407-12 pubmed
    ..We show here that absence of caspase-1 or components of the inflammasome does not result in resistance to oral infection by S. typhimurium, but rather, leads to increased susceptibility to infection. ..
  21. Tsuchiya K, Hara H, Kawamura I, Nomura T, Yamamoto T, Daim S, et al. Involvement of absent in melanoma 2 in inflammasome activation in macrophages infected with Listeria monocytogenes. J Immunol. 2010;185:1186-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Although apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase-activating and recruitment domain (ASC), an adaptor protein of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (Nod)-like receptors, has been shown to play an ..
  22. McElvania TeKippe E, Allen I, Hulseberg P, Sullivan J, McCann J, Sandor M, et al. Granuloma formation and host defense in chronic Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection requires PYCARD/ASC but not NLRP3 or caspase-1. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e12320 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper addressed the role of NLRP3 (NALP3), its adaptor protein PYCARD (ASC), and caspase-1 during infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)...
  23. Silva G, Costa R, Silveira T, Caetano B, Horta C, Gutierrez F, et al. Apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain inflammasomes mediate IL-1? response and host resistance to Trypanosoma cruzi infection. J Immunol. 2013;191:3373-83 pubmed publisher
    ..infection and demonstrated that apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC) inflammasomes, including NLR family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3), but not NLR family, caspase recruitment ..
  24. Kim S, Bauernfeind F, Ablasser A, Hartmann G, Fitzgerald K, Latz E, et al. Listeria monocytogenes is sensed by the NLRP3 and AIM2 inflammasome. Eur J Immunol. 2010;40:1545-51 pubmed publisher
    ..monocytogenes. Altogether, these data establish a role for DNA sensing through the AIM2 inflammasome in the detection of intracellularly replicating bacteria. ..
  25. Allen I, Tekippe E, Woodford R, Uronis J, Holl E, Rogers A, et al. The NLRP3 inflammasome functions as a negative regulator of tumorigenesis during colitis-associated cancer. J Exp Med. 2010;207:1045-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Mice lacking the inflammasome adaptor protein PYCARD (ASC) and caspase-1 demonstrate increased disease outcome, morbidity, histopathology, and polyp formation...
  26. Shigeoka A, Mueller J, Kambo A, Mathison J, King A, Hall W, et al. An inflammasome-independent role for epithelial-expressed Nlrp3 in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. J Immunol. 2010;185:6277-85 pubmed publisher
    ..ligands, it oligomerizes, recruits apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (Asc), and triggers caspase 1 activation and the maturation of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1? and IL-18...
  27. Case C, Shin S, Roy C. Asc and Ipaf Inflammasomes direct distinct pathways for caspase-1 activation in response to Legionella pneumophila. Infect Immun. 2009;77:1981-91 pubmed publisher
    ..The adapter protein Asc was found to be important for caspase-1 activation during L. pneumophila infection...
  28. Guarda G, Braun M, Staehli F, Tardivel A, Mattmann C, Forster I, et al. Type I interferon inhibits interleukin-1 production and inflammasome activation. Immunity. 2011;34:213-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings may thus explain the effectiveness of type I IFN in the treatment of inflammatory diseases but also the observed "weakening" of the immune system after viral infection. ..
  29. Mariathasan S, Weiss D, Dixit V, Monack D. Innate immunity against Francisella tularensis is dependent on the ASC/caspase-1 axis. J Exp Med. 2005;202:1043-9 pubmed defense response in macrophages, which is dependent on caspase-1 and the death-fold containing adaptor protein ASC. Caspase-1 and ASC signaling resulted in host cell death and the release of the proinflammatory cytokines ..
  30. Mayer Barber K, Barber D, Shenderov K, White S, Wilson M, Cheever A, et al. Caspase-1 independent IL-1beta production is critical for host resistance to mycobacterium tuberculosis and does not require TLR signaling in vivo. J Immunol. 2010;184:3326-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Similarly, infected mice deficient in caspase-1 and ASC, which have critical functions in inflammasome-mediated IL-1beta maturation, showed unimpaired IL-1beta production ..
  31. Poeck H, Bscheider M, Gross O, Finger K, Roth S, Rebsamen M, et al. Recognition of RNA virus by RIG-I results in activation of CARD9 and inflammasome signaling for interleukin 1 beta production. Nat Immunol. 2010;11:63-9 pubmed publisher
    ..required the signaling adaptor MAVS and a complex of the adaptors CARD9 and Bcl-10, RIG-I also bound to the adaptor ASC to trigger caspase-1-dependent inflammasome activation by a mechanism independent of MAVS, CARD9 and the Nod-like ..
  32. Sutterwala F, Ogura Y, Szczepanik M, Lara Tejero M, Lichtenberger G, Grant E, et al. Critical role for NALP3/CIAS1/Cryopyrin in innate and adaptive immunity through its regulation of caspase-1. Immunity. 2006;24:317-27 pubmed
    ..NALP3, with the adaptor molecule ASC, has been proposed to form a caspase-1-activating "inflammasome," a complex with pro-IL1beta-processing ..
  33. Couillin I, Vasseur V, Charron S, Gasse P, Tavernier M, Guillet J, et al. IL-1R1/MyD88 signaling is critical for elastase-induced lung inflammation and emphysema. J Immunol. 2009;183:8195-202 pubmed publisher
    ..the NALP3 inflammasome component apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC), and we identified uric acid, which is produced upon elastase-induced lung injury, as an activator of the NALP3/..
  34. Miao E, Leaf I, Treuting P, Mao D, Dors M, Sarkar A, et al. Caspase-1-induced pyroptosis is an innate immune effector mechanism against intracellular bacteria. Nat Immunol. 2010;11:1136-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This demonstrates that activation of caspase-1 clears intracellular bacteria in vivo independently of IL-1? and IL-18 and establishes pyroptosis as an efficient mechanism of bacterial clearance by the innate immune system...
  35. Zhou R, Yazdi A, Menu P, Tschopp J. A role for mitochondria in NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Nature. 2011;469:221-5 pubmed publisher
    ..NLRP3 localizes to endoplasmic reticulum structures, whereas on inflammasome activation both NLRP3 and its adaptor ASC redistribute to the perinuclear space where they co-localize with endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria organelle ..
  36. Vladimer G, Weng D, Paquette S, Vanaja S, Rathinam V, Aune M, et al. The NLRP12 inflammasome recognizes Yersinia pestis. Immunity. 2012;37:96-107 pubmed publisher
    ..These studies reveal a role for NLRP12 in host resistance against pathogens. Minimizing NLRP12 inflammasome activation may have been a central factor in evolution of the high virulence of Y. pestis. ..
  37. Allen I, Scull M, Moore C, Holl E, McElvania TeKippe E, Taxman D, et al. The NLRP3 inflammasome mediates in vivo innate immunity to influenza A virus through recognition of viral RNA. Immunity. 2009;30:556-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Mice lacking Nlrp3, Pycard, or caspase-1, but not Nlrc4, exhibited dramatically increased mortality and a reduced immune response after ..
  38. Narayan S, Kolly L, So A, Busso N. Increased interleukin-10 production by ASC-deficient CD4+ T cells impairs bystander T-cell proliferation. Immunology. 2011;134:33-40 pubmed publisher
    Apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC) is an important component of the inflammasome, functioning as an adaptor protein that facilitates the recruitment and activation of procaspases that in ..
  39. Miller L, Pietras E, Uricchio L, Hirano K, Rao S, Lin H, et al. Inflammasome-mediated production of IL-1beta is required for neutrophil recruitment against Staphylococcus aureus in vivo. J Immunol. 2007;179:6933-42 pubmed the inflammasome component apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC) had the same defects in neutrophil recruitment and host defense as IL-1beta-deficient mice, demonstrating an ..
  40. Muñoz Planillo R, Franchi L, Miller L, Nunez G. A critical role for hemolysins and bacterial lipoproteins in Staphylococcus aureus-induced activation of the Nlrp3 inflammasome. J Immunol. 2009;183:3942-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, these studies revealed that hemolysins promote in the presence of lipoproteins the activation of the Nlrp3 inflammasome. ..
  41. Ichinohe T, Pang I, Iwasaki A. Influenza virus activates inflammasomes via its intracellular M2 ion channel. Nat Immunol. 2010;11:404-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results show a mechanism by which influenza virus infection activates inflammasomes and identify the sensing of disturbances in intracellular ionic concentrations as a previously unknown pathogen-recognition pathway. ..
  42. Rathinam V, Jiang Z, Waggoner S, Sharma S, Cole L, Waggoner L, et al. The AIM2 inflammasome is essential for host defense against cytosolic bacteria and DNA viruses. Nat Immunol. 2010;11:395-402 pubmed publisher
    ..AIM2 has been shown to bind DNA and engage the caspase-1-activating adaptor protein ASC to form a caspase-1-activating inflammasome...
  43. Zamboni D, Kobayashi K, Kohlsdorf T, Ogura Y, Long E, Vance R, et al. The Birc1e cytosolic pattern-recognition receptor contributes to the detection and control of Legionella pneumophila infection. Nat Immunol. 2006;7:318-25 pubmed
    ..These results establish Birc1e as a nucleotide-binding oligomerization-leucine-rich repeat protein involved in the detection and control of intracellular L. pneumophila. ..
  44. Gross O, Yazdi A, Thomas C, Masin M, Heinz L, Guarda G, et al. Inflammasome activators induce interleukin-1? secretion via distinct pathways with differential requirement for the protease function of caspase-1. Immunity. 2012;36:388-400 pubmed publisher
    ..Because inflammasomes contribute to the pathology of numerous chronic inflammatory diseases such as gout and diabetes, IL-1? antagonists may be beneficial in the treatment of these disorders. ..
  45. Shio M, Tiemi Shio M, Eisenbarth S, Savaria M, Vinet A, Bellemare M, et al. Malarial hemozoin activates the NLRP3 inflammasome through Lyn and Syk kinases. PLoS Pathog. 2009;5:e1000559 pubmed publisher
    ..that Hz-induced IL-1beta and inflammation are dependent on NOD-like receptor containing pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3), ASC and caspase-1, but not NLRC4 (NLR containing CARD domain)...
  46. Tomalka J, Ganesan S, Azodi E, Patel K, Majmudar P, Hall B, et al. A novel role for the NLRC4 inflammasome in mucosal defenses against the fungal pathogen Candida albicans. PLoS Pathog. 2011;7:e1002379 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, these studies reveal the tissue specific roles of the NLRP3 and NLRC4 inflammasome in innate immune responses against mucosal Candida infection. ..
  47. Iyer S, Pulskens W, Sadler J, Butter L, Teske G, Ulland T, et al. Necrotic cells trigger a sterile inflammatory response through the Nlrp3 inflammasome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:20388-93 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest that the inhibition of Nlrp3 inflammasome activity can diminish the acute inflammation and damage associated with tissue injury. ..
  48. Case C, Kohler L, Lima J, Strowig T, de Zoete M, Flavell R, et al. Caspase-11 stimulates rapid flagellin-independent pyroptosis in response to Legionella pneumophila. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:1851-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Legionella activation of caspase-11 stimulated activation of caspase-1 through NLRP3 and ASC. Induction of caspase-11-dependent responses occurred in macrophages deficient in the adapter proteins TRIF or ..
  49. Ceballos Olvera I, Sahoo M, Miller M, del Barrio L, Re F. Inflammasome-dependent pyroptosis and IL-18 protect against Burkholderia pseudomallei lung infection while IL-1? is deleterious. PLoS Pathog. 2011;7:e1002452 pubmed publisher
    ..Mice deficient in the inflammasome components ASC, caspase-1, NLRC4, and NLRP3, were dramatically more susceptible to lung infection with B...
  50. Ichinohe T, Lee H, Ogura Y, Flavell R, Iwasaki A. Inflammasome recognition of influenza virus is essential for adaptive immune responses. J Exp Med. 2009;206:79-87 pubmed publisher
    ..cell types, CD4 and CD8 T cell responses, as well as mucosal IgA secretion and systemic IgG responses, required ASC and caspase-1 but not NLRP3...
  51. Kawaguchi M, Takahashi M, Hata T, Kashima Y, Usui F, Morimoto H, et al. Inflammasome activation of cardiac fibroblasts is essential for myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Circulation. 2011;123:594-604 pubmed publisher
    ..Conclusions- Our results demonstrate the molecular basis for the initial inflammatory response after I/R and suggest that the inflammasome is a potential novel therapeutic target for preventing myocardial I/R injury. ..
  52. Shah S, Bohsali A, Ahlbrand S, Srinivasan L, Rathinam V, Vogel S, et al. Cutting edge: Mycobacterium tuberculosis but not nonvirulent mycobacteria inhibits IFN-? and AIM2 inflammasome-dependent IL-1? production via its ESX-1 secretion system. J Immunol. 2013;191:3514-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, we report a novel immune evasion mechanism of M. tuberculosis that involves the ESX-1-dependent, direct or indirect, suppression of the host cell AIM2 inflammasome activation during infection. ..
  53. Ellebedy A, Lupfer C, Ghoneim H, deBeauchamp J, Kanneganti T, Webby R. Inflammasome-independent role of the apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD (ASC) in the adjuvant effect of MF59. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:2927-32 pubmed publisher
    ..that the inflammasome component apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC), an adapter protein within the NLRP3 inflammasome, is a crucial element in the adjuvant effect of MF59 when ..
  54. Dupaul Chicoine J, Yeretssian G, Doiron K, Bergstrom K, McIntire C, LeBlanc P, et al. Control of intestinal homeostasis, colitis, and colitis-associated colorectal cancer by the inflammatory caspases. Immunity. 2010;32:367-78 pubmed publisher
    ..of exogenous interleukin-18 and was partially reproduced in mice deficient in the inflammasome adaptor ASC. Casp12(-/-) mice, in which the inflammasome is derepressed, were resistant to acute colitis and showed signs of ..
  55. Kool M, Willart M, van Nimwegen M, Bergen I, Pouliot P, Virchow J, et al. An unexpected role for uric acid as an inducer of T helper 2 cell immunity to inhaled antigens and inflammatory mediator of allergic asthma. Immunity. 2011;34:527-40 pubmed publisher
    ..The adjuvant effects of UA did not require the inflammasome (Nlrp3, Pycard) or the interleukin-1 (Myd88, IL-1r) axis...
  56. Kolly L, Karababa M, Joosten L, Narayan S, Salvi R, Petrilli V, et al. Inflammatory role of ASC in antigen-induced arthritis is independent of caspase-1, NALP-3, and IPAF. J Immunol. 2009;183:4003-12 pubmed publisher
    ..role in inflammation in human and murine arthritis, we investigated the contribution of the inflammasome components ASC, NALP-3, IPAF, and caspase-1 to inflammatory arthritis...
  57. Taxman D, Holley Guthrie E, Huang M, Moore C, Bergstralh D, Allen I, et al. The NLR adaptor ASC/PYCARD regulates DUSP10, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and chemokine induction independent of the inflammasome. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:19605-16 pubmed publisher
    ASC/PYCARD is a common adaptor for a diverse set of inflammasomes that activate caspase-1, most prominently the NLR-based inflammasome...
  58. Dostert C, Guarda G, Romero J, Menu P, Gross O, Tardivel A, et al. Malarial hemozoin is a Nalp3 inflammasome activating danger signal. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e6510 pubmed publisher
    ..The potent pro-inflammatory effect of hemozoin through inflammasome activation may possibly be implicated in plasmodium-associated pathologies such as cerebral malaria. ..
  59. Shaw P, Lukens J, Burns S, Chi H, McGargill M, Kanneganti T. Cutting edge: critical role for PYCARD/ASC in the development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. J Immunol. 2010;184:4610-4 pubmed publisher
    ..3, which activates caspase-1 through the adaptor protein, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD (ASC). We report that the progression of EAE is dependent on ASC and caspase-1 but not Nod-like receptor 3...
  60. Koh Y, Koo J, Biswas A, Kobayashi K. MyD88-dependent signaling contributes to host defense against ehrlichial infection. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e11758 pubmed publisher
  61. Franchi L, Stoolman J, Kanneganti T, Verma A, Ramphal R, Nunez G. Critical role for Ipaf in Pseudomonas aeruginosa-induced caspase-1 activation. Eur J Immunol. 2007;37:3030-9 pubmed
    ..bacterial flagellin was essential for caspase-1 and IL-1beta and this activity depended on Ipaf and the adaptor ASC but not TLR5. Notably, P...
  62. Nakamura Y, Kambe N, Saito M, Nishikomori R, Nishikomiri R, Kim Y, et al. Mast cells mediate neutrophil recruitment and vascular leakage through the NLRP3 inflammasome in histamine-independent urticaria. J Exp Med. 2009;206:1037-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings implicate MCs as IL-1beta producers in the skin and mediators of histamine-independent urticaria through the NLRP3 inflammasome. ..
  63. Franchi L, Nunez G. The Nlrp3 inflammasome is critical for aluminium hydroxide-mediated IL-1beta secretion but dispensable for adjuvant activity. Eur J Immunol. 2008;38:2085-9 pubmed publisher
    ..3 (Nlrp3) protein and the apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (Asc) but not the NLR family, CARD domain containing 4 (Nlrc4) protein...
  64. Warren S, Mao D, Rodriguez A, Miao E, Aderem A. Multiple Nod-like receptors activate caspase 1 during Listeria monocytogenes infection. J Immunol. 2008;180:7558-64 pubmed
    ..monocytogenes activates caspase 1 through a third pathway, which signals through the adaptor protein ASC. Thus, L...
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    ..protein-2 (Rip2), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase activation and recruitment domain (ASC), and caspase-1. In contrast, MDP-dependent IL-6 production only requires Nod2 and Rip2...
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    ..IL-6 require MyD88 signaling, the IL-1R pathway, and the inflammasome components ICE (IL-1beta-converting enzyme), ASC (apoptosis-associated, speck-like protein containing CARD), and NALP3...
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    ..The contributions of the inflammasome components Nlrp3, ASC, and caspase-1 in the pathogenesis of collagen-induced arthritis have not been characterized...
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    ..veronii infection in mice. Our results indicated that multiple factors from both the bacteria and the host play a role in eliciting caspase-1 activation during A. veronii infection...
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    ..TLR2 was required for induction of pro-IL-1beta, whereas the NLRP3/ASC was required for caspase-1 activation and pro-IL-1beta cleavage to produce mature IL-1beta...
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    ..This connection underscores the importance of the cytosolic recognition of pathogens and highlights how multiple innate immunity pathways interact before commitment to critical host responses...
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    ..The adaptor protein ASC is essential for inflammasome function, binding directly to caspase-1 (refs 3, 4), but the triggers of this ..
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    ..The adaptors ASC, Ipaf and RIP2 have each been proposed to regulate caspase-1 (also called interleukin (IL)-1 converting enzyme), ..
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