Gene Symbol: Mir124a-2
Description: microRNA 124a-2
Alias: Mirn124a-2, mir-124a-2
Species: mouse

Top Publications

  1. Deo M, Yu J, Chung K, Tippens M, Turner D. Detection of mammalian microRNA expression by in situ hybridization with RNA oligonucleotides. Dev Dyn. 2006;235:2538-48 pubmed
    ..The ability to visualize expression of specific miRNAs in embryos and tissues should aid studies on miRNA function. ..
  2. Krek A, Grün D, Poy M, Wolf R, Rosenberg L, Epstein E, et al. Combinatorial microRNA target predictions. Nat Genet. 2005;37:495-500 pubmed
    ..In particular, we experimentally validate common regulation of Mtpn by miR-375, miR-124 and let-7b and thus provide evidence for coordinate microRNA control in mammals. ..
  3. Yu J, Chung K, Deo M, Thompson R, Turner D. MicroRNA miR-124 regulates neurite outgrowth during neuronal differentiation. Exp Cell Res. 2008;314:2618-33 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that miR-124 contributes to the control of neurite outgrowth during neuronal differentiation, possibly by regulation of the cytoskeleton. ..
  4. Karali M, Peluso I, Marigo V, Banfi S. Identification and characterization of microRNAs expressed in the mouse eye. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007;48:509-15 pubmed
    ..Knowledge of the spatiotemporal distribution of miRNAs is an essential step toward the identification of their targets and eventually the elucidation of their biological role in eye development and function. ..
  5. Cao X, Pfaff S, Gage F. A functional study of miR-124 in the developing neural tube. Genes Dev. 2007;21:531-6 pubmed
    ..Thus miR-124 appears to ensure that progenitor genes are post-transcriptionally inhibited in neurons. ..
  6. Cheng L, Pastrana E, Tavazoie M, Doetsch F. miR-124 regulates adult neurogenesis in the subventricular zone stem cell niche. Nat Neurosci. 2009;12:399-408 pubmed publisher
    ..Sox9 overexpression abolished neuronal differentiation, whereas Sox9 knockdown led to increased neuron formation. Thus miR-124-mediated repression of Sox9 is important for progression along the SVZ stem cell lineage to neurons. ..
  7. Visvanathan J, Lee S, Lee B, Lee J, Lee S. The microRNA miR-124 antagonizes the anti-neural REST/SCP1 pathway during embryonic CNS development. Genes Dev. 2007;21:744-9 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that, during CNS development, timely down-regulation of SCP1 is critical for inducing neurogenesis, and miR-124 contributes to this process at least in part by down-regulating SCP1 expression. ..
  8. Baroukh N, Ravier M, Loder M, Hill E, Bounacer A, Scharfmann R, et al. MicroRNA-124a regulates Foxa2 expression and intracellular signaling in pancreatic beta-cell lines. J Biol Chem. 2007;282:19575-88 pubmed
  9. Smirnova L, Gräfe A, Seiler A, Schumacher S, Nitsch R, Wulczyn F. Regulation of miRNA expression during neural cell specification. Eur J Neurosci. 2005;21:1469-77 pubmed
    ..miRNA were strongly induced during neural differentiation of embryonic stem cells, suggesting the validity of the stem cell model for studying miRNA regulation in neural development. ..

More Information


  1. Yap K, Lim Z, Khandelia P, Friedman B, Makeyev E. Coordinated regulation of neuronal mRNA steady-state levels through developmentally controlled intron retention. Genes Dev. 2012;26:1209-23 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that this mechanism counters ectopic and precocious expression of functionally linked neuron-specific genes and ensures their coherent activation in the appropriate developmental context. ..
  2. De Pietri Tonelli D, Pulvers J, Haffner C, Murchison E, Hannon G, Huttner W. miRNAs are essential for survival and differentiation of newborn neurons but not for expansion of neural progenitors during early neurogenesis in the mouse embryonic neocortex. Development. 2008;135:3911-21 pubmed publisher
    ..5. Our results support the emerging concept that progenitors are less dependent on miRNAs than their differentiated progeny, and raise interesting perspectives as to the expansion of somatic stem cells. ..
  3. El Zaatari M, Tobias A, Grabowska A, Kumari R, Scotting P, Kaye P, et al. De-regulation of the sonic hedgehog pathway in the InsGas mouse model of gastric carcinogenesis. Br J Cancer. 2007;96:1855-61 pubmed
  4. Soukup G, Fritzsch B, Pierce M, Weston M, Jahan I, McManus M, et al. Residual microRNA expression dictates the extent of inner ear development in conditional Dicer knockout mice. Dev Biol. 2009;328:328-41 pubmed publisher
    ..The correlation of differential and delayed depletion of mature miRNAs with the derailment of inner ear development demonstrates that miRNAs are crucial for inner ear neurosensory development and neurosensory-dependent morphogenesis. ..
  5. Gaughwin P, Ciesla M, Yang H, Lim B, Brundin P. Stage-specific modulation of cortical neuronal development by Mmu-miR-134. Cereb Cortex. 2011;21:1857-69 pubmed publisher
  6. Xu X, Zong R, Li Z, Biswas M, Fang Z, Nelson D, et al. FXR1P but not FMRP regulates the levels of mammalian brain-specific microRNA-9 and microRNA-124. J Neurosci. 2011;31:13705-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings reveal differential roles of FMRP family proteins in controlling the expression levels of brain-specific miRNAs. ..
  7. Nagata K, Hama I, Kiryu Seo S, Kiyama H. microRNA-124 is down regulated in nerve-injured motor neurons and it potentially targets mRNAs for KLF6 and STAT3. Neuroscience. 2014;256:426-32 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that injury-induced repression of miR-124 may be implicated in the regulation of expression of several injury-associated transcription factors, which are crucial for appropriate nerve regeneration. ..
  8. Dallaire A, Garand C, Paquel E, Mitchell S, De Cabo R, Simard M, et al. Down regulation of miR-124 in both Werner syndrome DNA helicase mutant mice and mutant Caenorhabditis elegans wrn-1 reveals the importance of this microRNA in accelerated aging. Aging (Albany NY). 2012;4:636-47 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that biological pathways involving WRN and miR-124 are conserved in the aging process across different species...
  9. Sasaguri H, Mitani T, Anzai M, Kubodera T, Saito Y, Yamada H, et al. Silencing efficiency differs among tissues and endogenous microRNA pathway is preserved in short hairpin RNA transgenic mice. FEBS Lett. 2009;583:213-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Neither endogenous miRNAs nor their target gene levels were altered, indicating the preservation of endogenous miRNA pathways. We think that the shRNA transgenic mice can be utilized for gene analysis. ..
  10. Sun Y, Li Q, Gui H, Xu D, Yang Y, Su D, et al. MicroRNA-124 mediates the cholinergic anti-inflammatory action through inhibiting the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Cell Res. 2013;23:1270-83 pubmed publisher
    ..These results also indicate that miR-124 is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. ..
  11. Juvvuna P, Khandelia P, Lee L, Makeyev E. Argonaute identity defines the length of mature mammalian microRNAs. Nucleic Acids Res. 2012;40:6808-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, our data suggest that mammalian Argonautes may define the length and possibly biological activity of mature mammalian miRNAs in a developmentally controlled manner. ..
  12. Manoharan P, Basford J, Pilcher Roberts R, Neumann J, Hui D, Lingrel J. Reduced levels of microRNAs miR-124a and miR-150 are associated with increased proinflammatory mediator expression in Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2)-deficient macrophages. J Biol Chem. 2014;289:31638-46 pubmed publisher
    ..This study documented that the transcription factor KLF2 modulates inflammatory chemokine production via regulation of microRNA expression levels in immune cells. ..
  13. Real F, Sekido R, Lupiáñez D, Lovell Badge R, Jimenez R, Burgos M. A microRNA (mmu-miR-124) prevents Sox9 expression in developing mouse ovarian cells. Biol Reprod. 2013;89:78 pubmed publisher
    ..The miRNA microarray data reported here will help promote further research in this field, to unravel the role of other miRNAs in the genetic control of mammalian sex determination. ..
  14. Qadir A, Woo K, Ryoo H, Yi T, Song S, Baek J. MiR-124 inhibits myogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells via targeting Dlx5. J Cell Biochem. 2014;115:1572-81 pubmed publisher
  15. Chi S, Zang J, Mele A, Darnell R. Argonaute HITS-CLIP decodes microRNA-mRNA interaction maps. Nature. 2009;460:479-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Ago HITS-CLIP provides a general platform for exploring the specificity and range of miRNA action in vivo, and identifies precise sequences for targeting clinically relevant miRNA-mRNA interactions. ..
  16. Arora A, Guduric Fuchs J, Harwood L, Dellett M, Cogliati T, Simpson D. Prediction of microRNAs affecting mRNA expression during retinal development. BMC Dev Biol. 2010;10:1 pubmed publisher
    ..Misregulation of these miRNAs might contribute to retinal degeneration and disease. Conversely, manipulation of their expression could potentially be used as a therapeutic tool in the future. ..
  17. Gu X, Fu C, Lin L, Liu S, Su X, Li A, et al. miR-124 and miR-9 mediated downregulation of HDAC5 promotes neurite development through activating MEF2C-GPM6A pathway. J Cell Physiol. 2018;233:673-687 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, HDAC5 emerges as a cellular conductor of MEF2C and M6a activity and is regulated by miR-124 and miR-9 to control neurite development. ..
  18. Qadir A, Woo K, Ryoo H, Baek J. Insulin suppresses distal-less homeobox 5 expression through the up-regulation of microRNA-124 in 3T3-L1 cells. Exp Cell Res. 2013;319:2125-34 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that insulin-induced miR-124 plays a pivotal role in post-transcriptional regulation of Dlx5 during adipogenic differentiation and that miR-124 exerts pro-adipogenic effects by targeting Dlx5, at least in part. ..
  19. Morel L, Regan M, Higashimori H, Ng S, Esau C, Vidensky S, et al. Neuronal exosomal miRNA-dependent translational regulation of astroglial glutamate transporter GLT1. J Biol Chem. 2013;288:7105-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, our study characterized a new neuron-to-astrocyte communication pathway and identified miRNAs that modulate GLT1 protein expression in astrocytes in vitro and in vivo. ..
  20. Franzoni E, Booker S, Parthasarathy S, Rehfeld F, Grosser S, Srivatsa S, et al. miR-128 regulates neuronal migration, outgrowth and intrinsic excitability via the intellectual disability gene Phf6. elife. 2015;4: pubmed publisher
    ..Our results place miR-128 upstream of PHF6 in a pathway vital for cortical lamination as well as for the development of neuronal morphology and intrinsic excitability. ..
  21. Hoesel B, Bhujabal Z, Przemeck G, Kurz Drexler A, Weisenhorn D, Angelis M, et al. Combination of in silico and in situ hybridisation approaches to identify potential Dll1 associated miRNAs during mouse embryogenesis. Gene Expr Patterns. 2010;10:265-73 pubmed publisher
    ..5 dpc. This suggests that these miRNAs could possibly target the Dll1 3'UTR in these regions. The other miRNAs are not expressed or below the detection limit and thus are unlikely to regulate Dll1 at the analyzed embryonic stages. ..
  22. Das S, Stadelmeyer E, Schauer S, Schwarz A, Strohmaier H, Claudel T, et al. Micro RNA-124a regulates lipolysis via adipose triglyceride lipase and comparative gene identification 58. Int J Mol Sci. 2015;16:8555-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, we suggest that miR-124a may be involved in the regulation of several cellular and organismal metabolic parameters, including lipid storage and plasma FA concentration. ..
  23. Symmons O, Uslu V, Tsujimura T, Ruf S, Nassari S, Schwarzer W, et al. Functional and topological characteristics of mammalian regulatory domains. Genome Res. 2014;24:390-400 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings support a model of genomic organization where TADs confine regulatory activities to specific but large regulatory domains, contributing to the establishment of specific gene expression profiles. ..
  24. Pinter R, Hindges R. Perturbations of microRNA function in mouse dicer mutants produce retinal defects and lead to aberrant axon pathfinding at the optic chiasm. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e10021 pubmed publisher
  25. Takada S, Berezikov E, Yamashita Y, Lagos Quintana M, Kloosterman W, Enomoto M, et al. Mouse microRNA profiles determined with a new and sensitive cloning method. Nucleic Acids Res. 2006;34:e115 pubmed
    ..Our data thus indicate that the total number of miRNAs in vertebrates is larger than previously appreciated and that the expression of these molecules is tightly controlled in a tissue- and developmental stage-specific manner. ..
  26. Arvanitis D, Jungas T, Behar A, Davy A. Ephrin-B1 reverse signaling controls a posttranscriptional feedback mechanism via miR-124. Mol Cell Biol. 2010;30:2508-17 pubmed publisher
    ..Lastly, we demonstrated the relevance of this mutual inhibition for neuronal differentiation. Our results suggest that miRNAs could be important effectors of Eph/ephrin signaling to refine domains of expression and to regulate function. ..
  27. Akerblom M, Sachdeva R, Barde I, Verp S, Gentner B, Trono D, et al. MicroRNA-124 is a subventricular zone neuronal fate determinant. J Neurosci. 2012;32:8879-89 pubmed publisher
    ..In summary, our results demonstrate that miR-124 is a neuronal fate determinant in the subventricular zone. ..
  28. Sun Y, Gui H, Li Q, Luo Z, Zheng M, Duan J, et al. MicroRNA-124 protects neurons against apoptosis in cerebral ischemic stroke. CNS Neurosci Ther. 2013;19:813-9 pubmed publisher
    ..miR-124 plays a neurons-protective role via apoptosis-inhibiting pathway in ischemic stroke. ..
  29. Lawson S, Dobrikova E, Shveygert M, Gromeier M. p38? mitogen-activated protein kinase depletion and repression of signal transduction to translation machinery by miR-124 and -128 in neurons. Mol Cell Biol. 2013;33:127-35 pubmed publisher
    ..This regulatory axis is greatly diminished in neurons, which may insulate brain physiology and function from p38?-Mnk1-mediated signaling. ..
  30. Xu H, Zhang J, Zhou W, Feng Y, Teng S, Song X. The role of miR-124 in modulating hippocampal neurotoxicity induced by ketamine anesthesia. Int J Neurosci. 2015;125:213-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Inhibiting miR-124 may provide a molecular target to improve memory performance in both human and animals suffering from overanesthetizing-related neurotoxicity. ..
  31. Mukhopadhyay P, Brock G, Appana S, Webb C, Greene R, Pisano M. MicroRNA gene expression signatures in the developing neural tube. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2011;91:744-62 pubmed publisher
    ..This study is the first to identify miRNA expression profiles and their potential regulatory networks in the developing mammalian NT. ..
  32. Memczak S, Jens M, Elefsinioti A, Torti F, Krueger J, Rybak A, et al. Circular RNAs are a large class of animal RNAs with regulatory potency. Nature. 2013;495:333-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Numerous circRNAs form by head-to-tail splicing of exons, suggesting previously unrecognized regulatory potential of coding sequences. ..
  33. Liu W, Liu C, Zhu J, Shu P, Yin B, Gong Y, et al. MicroRNA-16 targets amyloid precursor protein to potentially modulate Alzheimer's-associated pathogenesis in SAMP8 mice. Neurobiol Aging. 2012;33:522-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these findings demonstrate that APP is a target of miR-16 and the abnormally low expression of miR-16 could potentially lead to APP protein accumulation in AD mice. ..
  34. Wang C, Yao N, Lu C, Li D, Ma X. Mouse microRNA-124 regulates the expression of Hes1 in P19 cells. Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2010;2:127-32 pubmed
    ..Thus, our results indicate that miR-124 regulates the expression of Hes-1 at the post-transcriptional level and is involved in the retinoic acid-induced neuronal differentiation of P19 cells. ..
  35. Fan P, Chen Z, Tian P, Liu W, Jiao Y, Xue Y, et al. miRNA biogenesis enzyme Drosha is required for vascular smooth muscle cell survival. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e60888 pubmed publisher
    ..Using bioinformatics approach, the interactions between dysregulated miRNAs and their target genes were analyzed. Our data demonstrated that Drosha is required for VSMC survival by targeting multiple signaling pathways. ..
  36. Liu Y, Huang T, Zhao X, Cheng L. MicroRNAs modulate the Wnt signaling pathway through targeting its inhibitors. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011;408:259-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Our studies therefore suggest that miRNAs might exert their functions, at least in part, by modulating the Wnt signaling pathway through targeting its inhibitors. ..
  37. Kersigo J, D Angelo A, Gray B, Soukup G, Fritzsch B. The role of sensory organs and the forebrain for the development of the craniofacial shape as revealed by Foxg1-cre-mediated microRNA loss. Genesis. 2011;49:326-41 pubmed publisher
  38. Zhao Y, Li W, Li F, Zhang Z, Dai Y, Xu A, et al. Resveratrol improves learning and memory in normally aged mice through microRNA-CREB pathway. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2013;435:597-602 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings demonstrate a role for RSV in cognition and a microRNA-CREB-BDNF mechanism by which RSV regulates these processes, demonstrating its value as a potential therapeutic target against CNS disorders in aging. ..
  39. Sanuki R, Onishi A, Koike C, Muramatsu R, Watanabe S, Muranishi Y, et al. miR-124a is required for hippocampal axogenesis and retinal cone survival through Lhx2 suppression. Nat Neurosci. 2011;14:1125-34 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that miR-124a is essential for the maturation and survival of dentate gyrus neurons and retinal cones, as it represses Lhx2 translation. ..
  40. Mao S, Li H, Sun Q, Zen K, Zhang C, Li L. miR-17 regulates the proliferation and differentiation of the neural precursor cells during mouse corticogenesis. FEBS J. 2014;281:1144-58 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these findings suggest that miR-17 family members play a pivotal role in regulating cell activity during early development of the mouse cortex. ..
  41. Callis T, Pandya K, Seok H, Tang R, Tatsuguchi M, Huang Z, et al. MicroRNA-208a is a regulator of cardiac hypertrophy and conduction in mice. J Clin Invest. 2009;119:2772-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, our studies uncover what we believe are novel miRNA-dependent mechanisms that modulate cardiac hypertrophy and electrical conduction. ..
  42. Lee Y, Kim H, Park C, Kim Y, Lee H, Kim J, et al. MicroRNA-124 regulates osteoclast differentiation. Bone. 2013;56:383-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings not only reveal unprecedented role of miR-124 in osteoclastogenesis but also suggest a novel mode of regulation of NFATc1 in osteoclasts. ..
  43. Maiorano N, Mallamaci A. Promotion of embryonic cortico-cerebral neuronogenesis by miR-124. Neural Dev. 2009;4:40 pubmed publisher
  44. Lin Q, Ponnusamy R, Widagdo J, Choi J, Ge W, Probst C, et al. MicroRNA-mediated disruption of dendritogenesis during a critical period of development influences cognitive capacity later in life. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017;114:9188-9193 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings not only revealed important regulation of dendritogenesis and synaptogenesis during early brain development but also demonstrated a tight link between these early developmental events and cognitive functions later in life. ..
  45. Dickstein J, Senyuk V, Premanand K, Laricchia Robbio L, Xu P, Cattaneo F, et al. Methylation and silencing of miRNA-124 by EVI1 and self-renewal exhaustion of hematopoietic stem cells in murine myelodysplastic syndrome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:9783-8 pubmed publisher
  46. Yap K, Xiao Y, Friedman B, Je H, Makeyev E. Polarizing the Neuron through Sustained Co-expression of Alternatively Spliced Isoforms. Cell Rep. 2016;15:1316-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, co-expression of a precise blend of functionally distinct splice isoforms rather than a complete switch from one isoform to another underlies proper structural and functional polarization of neurons. ..