Gene Symbol: Mef2d
Description: myocyte enhancer factor 2D
Alias: C80750, myocyte-specific enhancer factor 2D
Species: mouse
Products:     Mef2d

Top Publications

  1. Choi J, Jang H, Kim H, Kim S, Cho E, Youn H. Histone demethylase LSD1 is required to induce skeletal muscle differentiation by regulating myogenic factors. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010;401:327-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Altogether, the present study suggests a de-repression model and expands the understanding on the dynamic regulation of chromatin during myogenesis...
  2. Kim Y, Phan D, van Rooij E, Wang D, McAnally J, Qi X, et al. The MEF2D transcription factor mediates stress-dependent cardiac remodeling in mice. J Clin Invest. 2008;118:124-32 pubmed
    ..MEF2A and MEF2D are the primary MEF2 factors expressed in the adult heart...
  3. Lyons G, Micales B, Schwarz J, Martin J, Olson E. Expression of mef2 genes in the mouse central nervous system suggests a role in neuronal maturation. J Neurosci. 1995;15:5727-38 pubmed
    ..Since the molecular mechanisms that regulate neuron differentiation are unknown, we propose that the MEF2 factors are likely to play an important role in this process. ..
  4. Sebastian S, Faralli H, Yao Z, Rakopoulos P, Palii C, Cao Y, et al. Tissue-specific splicing of a ubiquitously expressed transcription factor is essential for muscle differentiation. Genes Dev. 2013;27:1247-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Among Mef2 family members, Mef2D is unique, as it undergoes tissue-specific splicing to generate a muscle-specific isoform...
  5. Edmondson D, Lyons G, Martin J, Olson E. Mef2 gene expression marks the cardiac and skeletal muscle lineages during mouse embryogenesis. Development. 1994;120:1251-63 pubmed
    ..gene expression in vivo, we analyzed by in situ hybridization the expression patterns of the Mef2a, Mef2c and Mef2d genes during mouse embryogenesis. We first detected MEF2C expression at day 7.5 postcoitum (p.c...
  6. Potthoff M, Wu H, Arnold M, Shelton J, Backs J, McAnally J, et al. Histone deacetylase degradation and MEF2 activation promote the formation of slow-twitch myofibers. J Clin Invest. 2007;117:2459-67 pubmed
    ..These findings provide what we believe are new insights into the molecular basis of skeletal muscle function and have important implications for possible therapeutic interventions into muscular diseases. ..
  7. Arnold M, Kim Y, Czubryt M, Phan D, McAnally J, Qi X, et al. MEF2C transcription factor controls chondrocyte hypertrophy and bone development. Dev Cell. 2007;12:377-89 pubmed
    ..These findings reveal unexpected commonalities in the mechanisms governing muscle, cardiovascular, and bone development with respect to their regulation by MEF2 and class II HDACs. ..
  8. Gregoire S, Xiao L, Nie J, Zhang X, Xu M, Li J, et al. Histone deacetylase 3 interacts with and deacetylates myocyte enhancer factor 2. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:1280-95 pubmed
    ..We report here that treatment of HEK293 cells with trichostatin A or nicotinamide upregulated MEF2D acetylation, suggesting that different deacetylases catalyze the deacetylation...
  9. Wang B, Cai Z, Lu F, Li C, Zhu X, Su L, et al. Destabilization of survival factor MEF2D mRNA by neurotoxin in models of Parkinson's disease. J Neurochem. 2014;130:720-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Loss of transcription factor myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D), a key neuronal survival factor, has been shown to underlie the loss of DA neurons in SNc and the pathogenic ..

More Information


  1. Yao L, Li W, She H, Dou J, Jia L, He Y, et al. Activation of transcription factor MEF2D by bis(3)-cognitin protects dopaminergic neurons and ameliorates Parkinsonian motor defects. J Biol Chem. 2012;287:34246-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Dysregulation of transcriptional factor myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D) has been implicated in the pathogenic process in in vivo and in vitro models of PD...
  2. Ikeshima H, Imai S, Shimoda K, Hata J, Takano T. Expression of a MADS box gene, MEF2D, in neurons of the mouse central nervous system: implication of its binary function in myogenic and neurogenic cell lineages. Neurosci Lett. 1995;200:117-20 pubmed
    b>MEF2D, a member of myocyte-specific enhancer binding factor 2 (MEF2) gene family, was shown by Northern blot hybridization to be strongly expressed in the head portion of mouse embryos at later stages of ontogenesis, in the cerebellum ..
  3. Chang C, Wilkerson J, Hale C, Gibson J, Huber K. Distinct stages of synapse elimination are induced by burst firing of CA1 neurons and differentially require MEF2A/D. elife. 2017;6: pubmed publisher
    ..This work reveals new and distinct forms of activity and transcription-dependent synapse depression and suggests that these processes can occur independently. ..
  4. Pan F, Means A, Liu J. Calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV regulates nuclear export of Cabin1 during T-cell activation. EMBO J. 2005;24:2104-13 pubmed
    ..CaMKIV-mediated nuclear export of Cabin1 is likely to account for a significant part of the requirement of CaMKIV during human T-cell activation. ..
  5. Jung S, Ko Y. TRIM72, a novel negative feedback regulator of myogenesis, is transcriptionally activated by the synergism of MyoD (or myogenin) and MEF2. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010;396:238-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together all these data, we concluded that the synergism of MyoD (or myogenin) and MEF2 is necessary for TRIM72 expression during C2C12 differentiation. ..
  6. Ferrari S, Molinari S, Melchionna R, Cusella De Angelis M, Battini R, De Angelis L, et al. Absence of MEF2 binding to the A/T-rich element in the muscle creatine kinase (MCK) enhancer correlates with lack of early expression of the MCK gene in embryonic mammalian muscle. Cell Growth Differ. 1997;8:23-34 pubmed
    ..We propose that phosphorylation of MEF2 regulates its activity and represents an important aspect of the mechanism controlling stage-specific transcription during skeletal myogenesis. ..
  7. She H, Yang Q, Mao Z. Neurotoxin-induced selective ubiquitination and regulation of MEF2A isoform in neuronal stress response. J Neurochem. 2012;122:1203-10 pubmed publisher
    ..In this work, we showed that MEF2A, but not MEF2C or MEF2D, was modified by ubiquitination in dopaminergic neuronal cell line SN4741 cells...
  8. Estrella N, Desjardins C, Nocco S, Clark A, Maksimenko Y, Naya F. MEF2 transcription factors regulate distinct gene programs in mammalian skeletal muscle differentiation. J Biol Chem. 2015;290:1256-68 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings provide opportunities to modulate the activity of MEF2 isoforms and their respective gene programs in skeletal muscle homeostasis and disease. ..
  9. Liu N, Nelson B, Bezprozvannaya S, Shelton J, Richardson J, Bassel Duby R, et al. Requirement of MEF2A, C, and D for skeletal muscle regeneration. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111:4109-14 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings reveal essential and redundant roles of MEF2A, C, and D in satellite cell differentiation and identify a MEF2-dependent transcriptome associated with skeletal muscle regeneration. ..
  10. Scott N, Ellmers L, Lainchbury J, Maeda N, Smithies O, Richards A, et al. Influence of natriuretic peptide receptor-1 on survival and cardiac hypertrophy during development. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009;1792:1175-84 pubmed publisher
    ..The decreased viability of Npr1(-/-)embryos may result from a combination of cardiomegaly and dysregulated Cx43 protein affecting cardiac contractility. ..
  11. Molinari S, Relaix F, Lemonnier M, Kirschbaum B, Schafer B, Buckingham M. A novel complex regulates cardiac actin gene expression through interaction of Emb, a class VI POU domain protein, MEF2D, and the histone transacetylase p300. Mol Cell Biol. 2004;24:2944-57 pubmed
    ..Emb binds as a major complex with MEF2D and the histone transacetylase p300...
  12. Yang Q, She H, Gearing M, Colla E, Lee M, Shacka J, et al. Regulation of neuronal survival factor MEF2D by chaperone-mediated autophagy. Science. 2009;323:124-7 pubmed publisher
    ..cell line, we found that chaperone-mediated autophagy regulated the activity of myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D), a transcription factor required for neuronal survival...
  13. Lin Q, Schwarz J, Bucana C, Olson E. Control of mouse cardiac morphogenesis and myogenesis by transcription factor MEF2C. Science. 1997;276:1404-7 pubmed
    ..Thus, MEF2C is an essential regulator of cardiac myogenesis and right ventricular development. ..
  14. Lemonnier M, Buckingham M. Characterization of a cardiac-specific enhancer, which directs {alpha}-cardiac actin gene transcription in the mouse adult heart. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:55651-8 pubmed
    ..This site binds myocyte enhancer factor (MEF)2 factors, principally MEF2D and MEF2A in cardiocyte nuclear extracts...
  15. Cole C, Mercaldo V, Restivo L, Yiu A, Sekeres M, Han J, et al. MEF2 negatively regulates learning-induced structural plasticity and memory formation. Nat Neurosci. 2012;15:1255-64 pubmed publisher
    ..These bidirectional effects indicate that MEF2 is a key regulator of plasticity and that relieving the suppressive effects of MEF2-mediated transcription permits memory formation. ..
  16. Herglotz J, Unrau L, Hauschildt F, Fischer M, Kriebitzsch N, Alawi M, et al. Essential control of early B-cell development by Mef2 transcription factors. Blood. 2016;127:572-81 pubmed publisher
    ..We demonstrate that B-cell development is blocked at the pre-B-cell stage in mice deficient for Mef2c and Mef2d TFs and that pre-BCR signaling enhances the transcriptional activity of Mef2c/d through phosphorylation by the ..
  17. Smith P, Mount M, Shree R, Callaghan S, Slack R, Anisman H, et al. Calpain-regulated p35/cdk5 plays a central role in dopaminergic neuron death through modulation of the transcription factor myocyte enhancer factor 2. J Neurosci. 2006;26:440-7 pubmed
    ..evidence that MEF2 is critical for dopaminergic loss because "cdk5 phosphorylation site mutant" of MEF2D provides neuroprotection in an MPTP mouse model of PD...
  18. Subramanian S, Nadal Ginard B. Early expression of the different isoforms of the myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF2) protein in myogenic as well as non-myogenic cell lineages during mouse embryogenesis. Mech Dev. 1996;57:103-12 pubmed
    ..However, MEF2A and MEF2D transcripts have been detected in many adult tissues where they are not translated or the corresponding proteins ..
  19. Friday B, Mitchell P, Kegley K, Pavlath G. Calcineurin initiates skeletal muscle differentiation by activating MEF2 and MyoD. Differentiation. 2003;71:217-27 pubmed
    ..These results demonstrate that calcineurin regulates skeletal muscle differentiation by activating MEF2 and MyoD transcription factors leading to the induction of myogenin expression. ..
  20. Lenoir O, Flosseau K, Ma F, Blondeau B, Mai A, Bassel Duby R, et al. Specific control of pancreatic endocrine ?- and ?-cell mass by class IIa histone deacetylases HDAC4, HDAC5, and HDAC9. Diabetes. 2011;60:2861-71 pubmed publisher
    ..These results highlight the epigenetic mechanisms underlying the regulation of endocrine cell development and suggest new strategies for ?-cell differentiation-based therapies. ..
  21. Haberland M, Arnold M, McAnally J, Phan D, Kim Y, Olson E. Regulation of HDAC9 gene expression by MEF2 establishes a negative-feedback loop in the transcriptional circuitry of muscle differentiation. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:518-25 pubmed
    ..HDAC9 can associate with MEF2 proteins and suppress their transcriptional activity. The transcriptional repressor HDAC9 thus forms a negative-feedback loop in the transcriptional circuitry of muscle differentiation. ..
  22. Omori Y, Kitamura T, Yoshida S, Kuwahara R, Chaya T, Irie S, et al. Mef2d is essential for the maturation and integrity of retinal photoreceptor and bipolar cells. Genes Cells. 2015;20:408-26 pubmed publisher
    Mef2 transcription factors play a crucial role in cardiac and skeletal muscle differentiation. We found that Mef2d is highly expressed in the mouse retina and its loss causes photoreceptor degeneration similar to that observed in human ..
  23. Choi J, Jang H, Kim H, Lee J, Kim S, Cho E, et al. Modulation of lysine methylation in myocyte enhancer factor 2 during skeletal muscle cell differentiation. Nucleic Acids Res. 2014;42:224-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Due to its many target genes, MEF2D requires tight regulation of transcription activity over time and by location...
  24. Karim S, Johnson K, Griffiths I, Vouyiouklis D. A physical map of the genomic region on mouse chromosome 3 containing the hindshaker (hsh) mutation. Genomics. 2004;83:225-30 pubmed
    ..Accordingly, our findings both map the area surrounding the hsh mutation and present important corrections to the current maps in an area rich in genes related to the nervous system...
  25. Zang T, Maksimova M, Cowan C, Bassel Duby R, Olson E, Huber K. Postsynaptic FMRP bidirectionally regulates excitatory synapses as a function of developmental age and MEF2 activity. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2013;56:39-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings suggest that FMRP and MEF2 function together to fine tune synapse formation and elimination rates in response to neuronal activity levels over the course of postnatal development. ..
  26. Daems C, Martin L, Brousseau C, Tremblay J. MEF2 is restricted to the male gonad and regulates expression of the orphan nuclear receptor NR4A1. Mol Endocrinol. 2014;28:886-98 pubmed publisher
    ..MEF2 was also positioned upstream of NR4A1 in a regulatory cascade controlling Leydig cell gene expression. ..
  27. Akhtar M, Kim M, Adachi M, Morris M, Qi X, Richardson J, et al. In vivo analysis of MEF2 transcription factors in synapse regulation and neuronal survival. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e34863 pubmed publisher
    ..We next generated Mef2a and Mef2d brain-specific double KO (Mef2a/dDKO) mice and observed deficits in motor coordination and enhanced hippocampal ..
  28. Lazaro J, Bailey P, Lassar A. Cyclin D-cdk4 activity modulates the subnuclear localization and interaction of MEF2 with SRC-family coactivators during skeletal muscle differentiation. Genes Dev. 2002;16:1792-805 pubmed
  29. She H, Yang Q, Shepherd K, Smith Y, Miller G, Testa C, et al. Direct regulation of complex I by mitochondrial MEF2D is disrupted in a mouse model of Parkinson disease and in human patients. J Clin Invest. 2011;121:930-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report that MEF2D is present in rodent neuronal mitochondria, where it can regulate the expression of a gene encoded within ..
  30. Darwich R, Li W, Yamak A, Komati H, Andelfinger G, Sun K, et al. KLF13 is a genetic modifier of the Holt-Oram syndrome gene TBX5. Hum Mol Genet. 2017;26:942-954 pubmed publisher
    ..The data also suggest that, in human, KLF13 may be a genetic modifier of the Holt-Oram Syndrome gene TBX5. ..
  31. Han T, Prywes R. Regulatory role of MEF2D in serum induction of the c-jun promoter. Mol Cell Biol. 1995;15:2907-15 pubmed
    ..We have found that MEF2D is the predominant protein in HeLa cells that binds to the c-jun MEF2 site...
  32. Hidaka K, Morisaki T, Byun S, Hashido K, Toyama K, Mukai T. The MEF2B homologue differentially expressed in mouse embryonal carcinoma cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1995;213:555-60 pubmed
    ..Although two of the MADS/MEF2 domain sequences were identical to those of human MEF2A and MEF2D, another domain sequence was similar but not identical to that of human MEF2B...
  33. Yoon J, Feng X, Kim Y, Shin D, Hatzi K, Wang H, et al. Interferon regulatory factor 8 (IRF8) interacts with the B cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6) corepressor BCOR. J Biol Chem. 2014;289:34250-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these data suggest that a complex comprising BCOR-BCL6-IRF8 modulates BCL6-associated transcriptional regulation of germinal center B cell function. ..
  34. Andzelm M, Cherry T, Harmin D, Boeke A, Lee C, Hemberg M, et al. MEF2D drives photoreceptor development through a genome-wide competition for tissue-specific enhancers. Neuron. 2015;86:247-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we show that despite being expressed in virtually all mammalian tissues, in the retina MEF2D binds to retina-specific enhancers and controls photoreceptor cell development...
  35. Yang S, Gao L, Lu F, Wang B, Gao F, Zhu G, et al. Transcription factor myocyte enhancer factor 2D regulates interleukin-10 production in microglia to protect neuronal cells from inflammation-induced death. J Neuroinflammation. 2015;12:33 pubmed publisher
    ..Transcription factor myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D) is identified as a central factor in transmission of extracellular signals and activation of the genetic programs ..
  36. McDowell K, Hutchinson A, Wong Goodrich S, Presby M, Su D, Rodriguiz R, et al. Reduced cortical BDNF expression and aberrant memory in Carf knock-out mice. J Neurosci. 2010;30:7453-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these data reveal novel roles for CaRF in the organization and/or function of neural circuits that underlie essential aspects of learning and memory. ..
  37. Li M, Liu Z, Zhang Z, Liu G, Sun S, Sun C. miR-103 promotes 3T3-L1 cell adipogenesis through AKT/mTOR signal pathway with its target being MEF2D. Biol Chem. 2015;396:235-44 pubmed publisher
    ..proved that this function of miR-103 worked through activating AKT/mTOR signal pathway and impairing target gene MEF2D. By inhibiting and over-expressing the MEF2D gene, we found that MEF2D had a negative role in regulating adipocyte ..
  38. Meissner J, Umeda P, Chang K, Gros G, Scheibe R. Activation of the beta myosin heavy chain promoter by MEF-2D, MyoD, p300, and the calcineurin/NFATc1 pathway. J Cell Physiol. 2007;211:138-48 pubmed
    ..Together, our findings demonstrate calcium-ionophore-induced activation of the beta MyHC promoter by NFATc1, MyoD, MEF-2D, and p300 in a calcineurin-dependent manner. ..
  39. Butts B, Linseman D, Le S, Laessig T, Heidenreich K. Insulin-like growth factor-I suppresses degradation of the pro-survival transcription factor myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D) during neuronal apoptosis. Horm Metab Res. 2003;35:763-70 pubmed
    ..Calcium regulates the activity of the pro-survival transcription factor, myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D)...
  40. Vetere G, Restivo L, Cole C, Ross P, Ammassari Teule M, Josselyn S, et al. Spine growth in the anterior cingulate cortex is necessary for the consolidation of contextual fear memory. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:8456-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these data strengthen the causal link between cortical structural remodeling and memory consolidation and, further, identify MEF2 as a key regulator of these processes. ..
  41. Di Lisi R, Millino C, Calabria E, Altruda F, Schiaffino S, Ausoni S. Combinatorial cis-acting elements control tissue-specific activation of the cardiac troponin I gene in vitro and in vivo. J Biol Chem. 1998;273:25371-80 pubmed
    ..blocks this binding markedly reduces gene activation in vivo and in vitro, and overexpression of MEF2A, MEF2C, and MEF2D in noncardiac cells transactivates the cardiac troponin I promoter...
  42. Naya F, Wu C, Richardson J, Overbeek P, Olson E. Transcriptional activity of MEF2 during mouse embryogenesis monitored with a MEF2-dependent transgene. Development. 1999;126:2045-52 pubmed
    ..The discordance between MEF2 mRNA expression and MEF2 transcriptional activity in nonmuscle cell types of embryos and adults also supports the notion that post-transcriptional mechanisms regulate the expression of MEF2 proteins. ..
  43. Chan S, Sances S, Brill L, Okamoto S, Zaidi R, McKercher S, et al. ATM-dependent phosphorylation of MEF2D promotes neuronal survival after DNA damage. J Neurosci. 2014;34:4640-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we demonstrate that ATM phosphorylates and activates the transcription factor myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D), which plays a critical role in promoting survival of cerebellar granule cells...
  44. Harrington A, Raissi A, Rajkovich K, Berto S, Kumar J, Molinaro G, et al. MEF2C regulates cortical inhibitory and excitatory synapses and behaviors relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders. elife. 2016;5: pubmed publisher
  45. Nagar S, Noveral S, Trudler D, Lopez K, McKercher S, Han X, et al. MEF2D haploinsufficiency downregulates the NRF2 pathway and renders photoreceptors susceptible to light-induced oxidative stress. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017;114:E4048-E4056 pubmed publisher
    ..Interestingly, the transcription factor myocyte enhancer factor 2d (MEF2D) is known to be important in photoreceptor survival, as knockout of this transcription factor results in loss of ..
  46. Hobson G, Krahe R, Garcia E, Siciliano M, Funanage V. Regional chromosomal assignments for four members of the MADS domain transcription enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) gene family to human chromosomes 15q26, 19p12, 5q14, and 1q12-q23. Genomics. 1995;29:704-11 pubmed
    ..The localization of MEF2A to chromosome 15q26, MEF2B to 19p12, MEF2C to 5q14, and MEF2D to 1q12-q23 verifies the existence of at least four distinct loci for members of this gene family.
  47. Ohkawa Y, Marfella C, Imbalzano A. Skeletal muscle specification by myogenin and Mef2D via the SWI/SNF ATPase Brg1. EMBO J. 2006;25:490-501 pubmed
    ..from MyoD to myogenin occurred at late gene loci, concomitant with loss of HDAC2, the appearance of both the Mef2D regulator and the Brg1 chromatin-remodeling enzyme, and the opening of chromatin structure...
  48. Lin X, Shah S, Bulleit R. The expression of MEF2 genes is implicated in CNS neuronal differentiation. Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1996;42:307-16 pubmed
    ..In the developing postnatal cerebellum, RNA blot analysis revealed that MEF2A and MEF2D RNA levels increase after birth...
  49. Ogawa M, Sakakibara Y, Kamemura K. Requirement of decreased O-GlcNAc glycosylation of Mef2D for its recruitment to the myogenin promoter. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2013;433:558-62 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we found that Mef2 family proteins, especially Mef2D which is a crucial transcriptional activator of myogenin, are O-GlcNAc glycosylated...
  50. Gao L, She H, Li W, Zeng J, Zhu J, Jones D, et al. Oxidation of survival factor MEF2D in neuronal death and Parkinson's disease. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2014;20:2936-48 pubmed publisher
    Dysfunction of myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D), a key survival protein and transcription factor, underlies the pathogenic loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD)...
  51. Nagar S, Trudler D, McKercher S, Piña Crespo J, Nakanishi N, Okamoto S, et al. Molecular Pathway to Protection From Age-Dependent Photoreceptor Degeneration in Mef2 Deficiency. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017;58:3741-3749 pubmed publisher
    ..We used mouse genetic models and improved methods for retinal explant cultures. Retinas were enucleated from Mef2d+/+ and Mef2d-/- mice, stained for MEF2 proteins and outer nuclear layer thickness, and assayed for apoptotic cells...
  52. Black B, Ligon K, Zhang Y, Olson E. Cooperative transcriptional activation by the neurogenic basic helix-loop-helix protein MASH1 and members of the myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF2) family. J Biol Chem. 1996;271:26659-63 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that members of the MEF2 family perform similar roles in synergistic activation of transcription in myogenic and neurogenic lineages by serving as cofactors for cell type-specific bHLH proteins. ..
  53. Mount M, Zhang Y, Amini M, Callaghan S, Kulczycki J, Mao Z, et al. Perturbation of transcription factor Nur77 expression mediated by myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D) regulates dopaminergic neuron loss in response to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). J Biol Chem. 2013;288:14362-71 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that the inactivation of Nur77, induced by loss of MEF2 activity, plays a critical role in nigrostriatal degeneration in vivo. ..
  54. Patapoutian A, Yoon J, Miner J, Wang S, Stark K, Wold B. Disruption of the mouse MRF4 gene identifies multiple waves of myogenesis in the myotome. Development. 1995;121:3347-58 pubmed
    ..Finally, a later and relatively mild phenotype was detected in intercostal muscles of newborn animals. ..
  55. Du M, Perry R, Nowacki N, Gordon J, Salma J, Zhao J, et al. Protein kinase A represses skeletal myogenesis by targeting myocyte enhancer factor 2D. Mol Cell Biol. 2008;28:2952-70 pubmed publisher
    ..MEF2, and subsequent analysis by in vitro kinase assays indicated that PKA directly and efficiently phosphorylates MEF2D. Using mass spectrometric determination of phosphorylated residues, we document that MEF2D serine 121 and serine ..
  56. Nakajima K, Inagawa M, Uchida C, Okada K, Tane S, Kojima M, et al. Coordinated regulation of differentiation and proliferation of embryonic cardiomyocytes by a jumonji (Jarid2)-cyclin D1 pathway. Development. 2011;138:1771-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, a Jmj-cyclin D1 pathway coordinately regulates proliferation and differentiation of cardiomyocytes. ..
  57. Zhao X, Sternsdorf T, Bolger T, Evans R, Yao T. Regulation of MEF2 by histone deacetylase 4- and SIRT1 deacetylase-mediated lysine modifications. Mol Cell Biol. 2005;25:8456-64 pubmed
    ..Our studies reveal a novel regulation of MEF2 transcriptional activity by two distinct classes of deacetylases that affect MEF2 sumoylation and acetylation. ..
  58. Wang X, Merritt A, Seyfried J, Guo C, Papadakis E, Finegan K, et al. Targeted deletion of mek5 causes early embryonic death and defects in the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5/myocyte enhancer factor 2 cell survival pathway. Mol Cell Biol. 2005;25:336-45 pubmed
    ..Overall, this is the first study to rigorously establish the role of MEK5 in vivo as an activator of ERK5 and as an essential regulator of cell survival that is required for normal embryonic development. ..
  59. Zhao M, New L, Kravchenko V, Kato Y, Gram H, Di Padova F, et al. Regulation of the MEF2 family of transcription factors by p38. Mol Cell Biol. 1999;19:21-30 pubmed
    ..We found that MEF2A, but not MEF2B or MEF2D, is a substrate for p38. Among the four p38 group members, p38 is the most potent kinase for MEF2A...
  60. Welsbie D, Mitchell K, Jaskula Ranga V, Sluch V, Yang Z, Kim J, et al. Enhanced Functional Genomic Screening Identifies Novel Mediators of Dual Leucine Zipper Kinase-Dependent Injury Signaling in Neurons. Neuron. 2017;94:1142-1154.e6 pubmed publisher
    ..Increased understanding of the DLK pathway has implications for understanding and treating neurodegenerative diseases. ..
  61. Martorell Riera A, Segarra Mondejar M, Muñoz J, Ginet V, Olloquequi J, Pérez Clausell J, et al. Mfn2 downregulation in excitotoxicity causes mitochondrial dysfunction and delayed neuronal death. EMBO J. 2014;33:2388-407 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, Mfn2 reduction is a late event in excitotoxicity and its targeting may help to reduce excitotoxic damage and increase the currently short therapeutic window in stroke. ..
  62. Singh R, Xia Z, Bland C, Kalsotra A, Scavuzzo M, Curk T, et al. Rbfox2-coordinated alternative splicing of Mef2d and Rock2 controls myoblast fusion during myogenesis. Mol Cell. 2014;55:592-603 pubmed publisher
    ..Integration of Rbfox2-dependent splicing outcomes from RNA-seq with Rbfox2 iCLIP data identified Mef2d and Rock2 as Rbfox2 splicing targets...
  63. Leupin O, Kramer I, Collette N, Loots G, Natt F, Kneissel M, et al. Control of the SOST bone enhancer by PTH using MEF2 transcription factors. J Bone Miner Res. 2007;22:1957-67 pubmed
    ..Hence, MEF2s are implicated in the regulation of adult bone mass. ..
  64. Lu J, McKinsey T, Nicol R, Olson E. Signal-dependent activation of the MEF2 transcription factor by dissociation from histone deacetylases. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000;97:4070-5 pubmed