Gene Symbol: Mef2a
Description: myocyte enhancer factor 2A
Alias: A430079H05Rik, myocyte-specific enhancer factor 2A
Species: mouse
Products:     Mef2a

Top Publications

  1. Edmondson D, Lyons G, Martin J, Olson E. Mef2 gene expression marks the cardiac and skeletal muscle lineages during mouse embryogenesis. Development. 1994;120:1251-63 pubmed
    ..the control of muscle gene expression in vivo, we analyzed by in situ hybridization the expression patterns of the Mef2a, Mef2c and Mef2d genes during mouse embryogenesis. We first detected MEF2C expression at day 7.5 postcoitum (p.c...
  2. Pfeiffer B, Zang T, Wilkerson J, Taniguchi M, Maksimova M, Smith L, et al. Fragile X mental retardation protein is required for synapse elimination by the activity-dependent transcription factor MEF2. Neuron. 2010;66:191-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results reveal that active MEF2 and FMRP function together in an acute, cell-autonomous mechanism to eliminate excitatory synapses. ..
  3. Lin X, Shah S, Bulleit R. The expression of MEF2 genes is implicated in CNS neuronal differentiation. Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1996;42:307-16 pubmed
    ..In the developing postnatal cerebellum, RNA blot analysis revealed that MEF2A and MEF2D RNA levels increase after birth...
  4. Lin Q, Schwarz J, Bucana C, Olson E. Control of mouse cardiac morphogenesis and myogenesis by transcription factor MEF2C. Science. 1997;276:1404-7 pubmed
    ..Thus, MEF2C is an essential regulator of cardiac myogenesis and right ventricular development. ..
  5. Naya F, Black B, Wu H, Bassel Duby R, Richardson J, Hill J, et al. Mitochondrial deficiency and cardiac sudden death in mice lacking the MEF2A transcription factor. Nat Med. 2002;8:1303-9 pubmed
    The four MEF2 transcription factors (MEF2A, -B, -C, and -D) regulate differentiation and calcium-dependent gene expression in muscle cells...
  6. Shalizi A, Gaudilliere B, Yuan Z, Stegmuller J, Shirogane T, Ge Q, et al. A calcium-regulated MEF2 sumoylation switch controls postsynaptic differentiation. Science. 2006;311:1012-7 pubmed
    ..We report here a requirement for the transcription factor myocyte enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A) in the morphogenesis of postsynaptic granule neuron dendritic claws in the cerebellar cortex...
  7. Lyons G, Micales B, Schwarz J, Martin J, Olson E. Expression of mef2 genes in the mouse central nervous system suggests a role in neuronal maturation. J Neurosci. 1995;15:5727-38 pubmed
    ..The four MEF2 genes, Mef2A, -B, -C, -D, encode transcription factors belonging to the MADS (MCM1-agamous-deficiens-serum response factor) ..
  8. Arnold M, Kim Y, Czubryt M, Phan D, McAnally J, Qi X, et al. MEF2C transcription factor controls chondrocyte hypertrophy and bone development. Dev Cell. 2007;12:377-89 pubmed
    ..These findings reveal unexpected commonalities in the mechanisms governing muscle, cardiovascular, and bone development with respect to their regulation by MEF2 and class II HDACs. ..
  9. Akhtar M, Kim M, Adachi M, Morris M, Qi X, Richardson J, et al. In vivo analysis of MEF2 transcription factors in synapse regulation and neuronal survival. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e34863 pubmed publisher understand specific as well as redundant roles of the MEF2 isoforms, we generated brain-specific deletion of MEF2A and found that Mef2aKO mice show normal behavior in a range of paradigms including learning and memory...

More Information


  1. McKinsey T, Zhang C, Lu J, Olson E. Signal-dependent nuclear export of a histone deacetylase regulates muscle differentiation. Nature. 2000;408:106-11 pubmed
  2. Potthoff M, Wu H, Arnold M, Shelton J, Backs J, McAnally J, et al. Histone deacetylase degradation and MEF2 activation promote the formation of slow-twitch myofibers. J Clin Invest. 2007;117:2459-67 pubmed
    ..These findings provide what we believe are new insights into the molecular basis of skeletal muscle function and have important implications for possible therapeutic interventions into muscular diseases. ..
  3. Knight J, Eyster C, Griesel B, Olson A. Regulation of the human GLUT4 gene promoter: interaction between a transcriptional activator and myocyte enhancer factor 2A. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:14725-30 pubmed
    ..The MEF2 domain binds transcription factors MEF2A and MEF2D in vivo. Domain I binds a transcription factor, GLUT4 enhancer factor (GEF)...
  4. Paris J, Virtanen C, Lu Z, Takahashi M. Identification of MEF2-regulated genes during muscle differentiation. Physiol Genomics. 2004;20:143-51 pubmed
    ..The results of this study provides for the first time, a unique look at gene regulation at the level of transcription factor binding in differentiating muscle. ..
  5. Black B, Lu J, Olson E. The MEF2A 3' untranslated region functions as a cis-acting translational repressor. Mol Cell Biol. 1997;17:2756-63 pubmed
    ..In an effort to identify sequences within the MEF2A message which control translation, we isolated the mouse MEF2A 3' untranslated region (UTR) and fused it to the ..
  6. Choi J, Jang H, Kim H, Kim S, Cho E, Youn H. Histone demethylase LSD1 is required to induce skeletal muscle differentiation by regulating myogenic factors. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010;401:327-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Altogether, the present study suggests a de-repression model and expands the understanding on the dynamic regulation of chromatin during myogenesis...
  7. Li J, Chen J, Ricupero C, Hart R, Schwartz M, Kusnecov A, et al. Nuclear accumulation of HDAC4 in ATM deficiency promotes neurodegeneration in ataxia telangiectasia. Nat Med. 2012;18:783-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Nuclear HDAC4 binds to chromatin, as well as to myocyte enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A) and cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB), leading to histone deacetylation and altered neuronal gene ..
  8. van Oort R, van Rooij E, Bourajjaj M, Schimmel J, Jansen M, van der Nagel R, et al. MEF2 activates a genetic program promoting chamber dilation and contractile dysfunction in calcineurin-induced heart failure. Circulation. 2006;114:298-308 pubmed
    ..the embryonic lethality and mitochondrial deficiency associated with germ-line null mutations for MEF2C and MEF2A respectively, we used conditional transgenesis to express a dominant-negative form of MEF2 in the murine postnatal ..
  9. Katoh Y, Molkentin J, Dave V, Olson E, Periasamy M. MEF2B is a component of a smooth muscle-specific complex that binds an A/T-rich element important for smooth muscle myosin heavy chain gene expression. J Biol Chem. 1998;273:1511-8 pubmed
    ..from smooth muscle nuclear extract reacts with MEF2B-specific antibody, but not with antibodies specific to MEF2A, MEF2C, or MEF2D, suggesting that only MEF2B protein binds to the A/T-rich element...
  10. Subramanian S, Nadal Ginard B. Early expression of the different isoforms of the myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF2) protein in myogenic as well as non-myogenic cell lineages during mouse embryogenesis. Mech Dev. 1996;57:103-12 pubmed
    ..However, MEF2A and MEF2D transcripts have been detected in many adult tissues where they are not translated or the corresponding ..
  11. Chang C, Wilkerson J, Hale C, Gibson J, Huber K. Distinct stages of synapse elimination are induced by burst firing of CA1 neurons and differentially require MEF2A/D. elife. 2017;6: pubmed publisher
    ..required de novo transcription, but only silencing required the activity-dependent transcription factors MEF2A/D...
  12. Gong H, Xie J, Zhang N, Yao L, Zhang Y. MEF2A binding to the Glut4 promoter occurs via an AMPK?2-dependent mechanism. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011;43:1441-50 pubmed publisher
    The role of AMP-activated protein kinase ?2 (AMPK?2) in regulating MEF2A nucleus translocation, nuclear histone deacetylase 5 (HDAC5) association with MEF2, HDAC5 nuclear export, MEF2A binding to the Glut4 promoter, and GLUT4 expression ..
  13. Lenoir O, Flosseau K, Ma F, Blondeau B, Mai A, Bassel Duby R, et al. Specific control of pancreatic endocrine ?- and ?-cell mass by class IIa histone deacetylases HDAC4, HDAC5, and HDAC9. Diabetes. 2011;60:2861-71 pubmed publisher
    ..These results highlight the epigenetic mechanisms underlying the regulation of endocrine cell development and suggest new strategies for ?-cell differentiation-based therapies. ..
  14. Gray S, Feinberg M, Hull S, Kuo C, Watanabe M, Sen Banerjee S, et al. The Krüppel-like factor KLF15 regulates the insulin-sensitive glucose transporter GLUT4. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:34322-8 pubmed
    ..00001) glucose uptake are increased in KLF15-overexpressing adipocytes. In co-transfection assays, KLF15 and MEF2A, a known activator of GLUT4, synergistically activates the GLUT4 promoter...
  15. Clark A, Naya F. MicroRNAs in the Myocyte Enhancer Factor 2 (MEF2)-regulated Gtl2-Dio3 Noncoding RNA Locus Promote Cardiomyocyte Proliferation by Targeting the Transcriptional Coactivator Cited2. J Biol Chem. 2015;290:23162-72 pubmed publisher
    ..demonstrated previously that microRNAs encoded by the Gtl2-Dio3 noncoding RNA locus function downstream of the MEF2A transcription factor in skeletal muscle regeneration...
  16. Lemonnier M, Buckingham M. Characterization of a cardiac-specific enhancer, which directs {alpha}-cardiac actin gene transcription in the mouse adult heart. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:55651-8 pubmed
    ..This site binds myocyte enhancer factor (MEF)2 factors, principally MEF2D and MEF2A in cardiocyte nuclear extracts...
  17. Satoh K, Ohnishi J, Sato A, Takeyama M, Iemura S, Natsume T, et al. Nemo-like kinase-myocyte enhancer factor 2A signaling regulates anterior formation in Xenopus development. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:7623-30 pubmed
    ..In the present study, we identified the transcription factor myocyte enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A) as a novel substrate for NLK...
  18. Ewen E, Snyder C, Wilson M, Desjardins D, Naya F. The Mef2A transcription factor coordinately regulates a costamere gene program in cardiac muscle. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:29644-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Characterization of Mef2A knock-out mice has revealed severe myofibrillar defects in cardiac muscle indicating a requirement for Mef2A in ..
  19. Zhang L, Sun Y, Fei M, Tan C, Wu J, Zheng J, et al. Disruption of chaperone-mediated autophagy-dependent degradation of MEF2A by oxidative stress-induced lysosome destabilization. Autophagy. 2014;10:1015-35 pubmed publisher
    ..b>MEF2A (myocyte enhancer factor 2A), a key transcription factor, protects primary neurons from oxidative stress-induced ..
  20. Zhu B, Ramachandran B, Gulick T. Alternative pre-mRNA splicing governs expression of a conserved acidic transactivation domain in myocyte enhancer factor 2 factors of striated muscle and brain. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:28749-60 pubmed
    ..In vertebrate MEF2A, -C, and -D, a splice versus no-splice option gives forms that include or exclude a short domain that we designate ..
  21. Rajkovich K, Loerwald K, Hale C, Hess C, Gibson J, Huber K. Experience-Dependent and Differential Regulation of Local and Long-Range Excitatory Neocortical Circuits by Postsynaptic Mef2c. Neuron. 2017;93:48-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Both the synapse promoting and synapse suppressing effects of Mef2c deletion required normal whisking experience. These results reveal a role of Mef2c in experience-dependent development of specific sensory neocortical circuits. ..
  22. Potthoff M, Arnold M, McAnally J, Richardson J, Bassel Duby R, Olson E. Regulation of skeletal muscle sarcomere integrity and postnatal muscle function by Mef2c. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:8143-51 pubmed
    ..In contrast, neither Mef2a nor Mef2d is required for normal skeletal muscle development in vivo...
  23. Friday B, Mitchell P, Kegley K, Pavlath G. Calcineurin initiates skeletal muscle differentiation by activating MEF2 and MyoD. Differentiation. 2003;71:217-27 pubmed
    ..These results demonstrate that calcineurin regulates skeletal muscle differentiation by activating MEF2 and MyoD transcription factors leading to the induction of myogenin expression. ..
  24. Gong X, Li L. Dermo-1, a multifunctional basic helix-loop-helix protein, represses MyoD transactivation via the HLH domain, MEF2 interaction, and chromatin deacetylation. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:12310-7 pubmed
    ..Together, these results suggest that MEF2 is an important target in Dermo-1-mediated transcriptional repression and provide initial evidence of the involvement of histone acetylation in Dermo-1 transcriptional repression. ..
  25. Cole C, Mercaldo V, Restivo L, Yiu A, Sekeres M, Han J, et al. MEF2 negatively regulates learning-induced structural plasticity and memory formation. Nat Neurosci. 2012;15:1255-64 pubmed publisher
    ..These bidirectional effects indicate that MEF2 is a key regulator of plasticity and that relieving the suppressive effects of MEF2-mediated transcription permits memory formation. ..
  26. Ross R, Navankasattusas S, Harvey R, Chien K. An HF-1a/HF-1b/MEF-2 combinatorial element confers cardiac ventricular specificity and established an anterior-posterior gradient of expression. Development. 1996;122:1799-809 pubmed
    ..The patterned expression of this transgene may provide a model system in which to investigate the cues that dictate anterior-posterior (right ventricle/left ventricle) gradients during mammalian heart development. ..
  27. Liu N, Williams A, Kim Y, McAnally J, Bezprozvannaya S, Sutherland L, et al. An intragenic MEF2-dependent enhancer directs muscle-specific expression of microRNAs 1 and 133. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:20844-9 pubmed
  28. Latchney S, Jiang Y, Petrik D, Eisch A, Hsieh J. Inducible knockout of Mef2a, -c, and -d from nestin-expressing stem/progenitor cells and their progeny unexpectedly uncouples neurogenesis and dendritogenesis in vivo. FASEB J. 2015;29:5059-71 pubmed publisher
    ..We used a transgenic mouse in which Mef2a, -c, and -d were inducibly deleted in adult nestin-expressing NSPCs and their progeny...
  29. Martin J, Miano J, Hustad C, Copeland N, Jenkins N, Olson E. A Mef2 gene that generates a muscle-specific isoform via alternative mRNA splicing. Mol Cell Biol. 1994;14:1647-56 pubmed
    ..The complexity of the MEF2 family of regulatory proteins provides the potential for fine-tuning of transcriptional responses as a consequence of combinatorial interactions among multiple MEF2 isoforms encoded by the four Mef2 genes. ..
  30. Dionyssiou M, Nowacki N, Hashemi S, Zhao J, Kerr A, Tsushima R, et al. Cross-talk between glycogen synthase kinase 3? (GSK3?) and p38MAPK regulates myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) activity in skeletal and cardiac muscle. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2013;54:35-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Pharmacological inhibition of GSK3? resulted in enhanced MEF2A/D expression and transcriptional activity in skeletal myoblasts and cardiac myocytes...
  31. Speksnijder N, Christensen K, Didriksen M, de Kloet E, Datson N. Glucocorticoid receptor and myocyte enhancer factor 2 cooperate to regulate the expression of c-JUN in a neuronal context. J Mol Neurosci. 2012;48:209-18 pubmed publisher
    ..At the same time, GR influences MEF2 activity and DNA binding. These results give novel insight into the molecular interplay of GR and MEF2 in the control of genes important for neuronal plasticity. ..
  32. Metcalf D, Robb L, Dunn A, Mifsud S, Di Rago L. Role of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in the development of an acute neutrophil inflammatory response in mice. Blood. 1996;88:3755-64 pubmed
    ..Typical eosinophil inflammatory responses to the injection of casein or thioglycollate occurred in GM-CSF -/ -mice but not in beta c -/- mice, suggesting that interleukin-5 was necessary for this response. ..
  33. Liu N, Nelson B, Bezprozvannaya S, Shelton J, Richardson J, Bassel Duby R, et al. Requirement of MEF2A, C, and D for skeletal muscle regeneration. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111:4109-14 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the potential involvement of MEF2 factors in muscle regeneration, we conditionally deleted the Mef2a, c, and d genes, singly and in combination, within satellite cells in mice, using tamoxifen-inducible Cre ..
  34. Czubryt M, Lamoureux L, Ramjiawan A, Abrenica B, Jangamreddy J, Swan K. Regulation of cardiomyocyte Glut4 expression by ZAC1. J Biol Chem. 2010;285:16942-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This work identifies ZAC1 as a novel and previously unknown regulator of cardiomyocyte Glut4 expression and glucose uptake. Our results also implicate MEF2 as a regulator of ZAC1 expression in response to induction of hypertrophy. ..
  35. Scott N, Ellmers L, Lainchbury J, Maeda N, Smithies O, Richards A, et al. Influence of natriuretic peptide receptor-1 on survival and cardiac hypertrophy during development. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009;1792:1175-84 pubmed publisher
    ..wild-type (WT) mice, but no concomitant increase in expression of the hypertrophy-related transcription factors, Mef2A, Mef2C, GATA-4, GATA-6 or serum response factor (SRF)...
  36. Chen X, Liu G, Zhang W, Zhang J, Yan Y, Dong W, et al. Inhibition of MEF2A prevents hyperglycemia-induced extracellular matrix accumulation by blocking Akt and TGF-β1/Smad activation in cardiac fibroblasts. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2015;69:52-61 pubmed publisher
    Myocyte enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A) functions in muscle-specific and/or growth factor-related transcription and is involved in cell growth, survival, and apoptosis...
  37. Black B, Ligon K, Zhang Y, Olson E. Cooperative transcriptional activation by the neurogenic basic helix-loop-helix protein MASH1 and members of the myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF2) family. J Biol Chem. 1996;271:26659-63 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that members of the MEF2 family perform similar roles in synergistic activation of transcription in myogenic and neurogenic lineages by serving as cofactors for cell type-specific bHLH proteins. ..
  38. Di Lisi R, Millino C, Calabria E, Altruda F, Schiaffino S, Ausoni S. Combinatorial cis-acting elements control tissue-specific activation of the cardiac troponin I gene in vitro and in vivo. J Biol Chem. 1998;273:25371-80 pubmed
    ..A mutation that blocks this binding markedly reduces gene activation in vivo and in vitro, and overexpression of MEF2A, MEF2C, and MEF2D in noncardiac cells transactivates the cardiac troponin I promoter...
  39. Naya F, Wu C, Richardson J, Overbeek P, Olson E. Transcriptional activity of MEF2 during mouse embryogenesis monitored with a MEF2-dependent transgene. Development. 1999;126:2045-52 pubmed
    ..The discordance between MEF2 mRNA expression and MEF2 transcriptional activity in nonmuscle cell types of embryos and adults also supports the notion that post-transcriptional mechanisms regulate the expression of MEF2 proteins. ..
  40. Schlesinger J, Schueler M, Grunert M, Fischer J, Zhang Q, Krueger T, et al. The cardiac transcription network modulated by Gata4, Mef2a, Nkx2.5, Srf, histone modifications, and microRNAs. PLoS Genet. 2011;7:e1001313 pubmed publisher
    ..biology study integrating mRNA profiles with DNA-binding events of key cardiac transcription factors (Gata4, Mef2a, Nkx2...
  41. Harrington A, Raissi A, Rajkovich K, Berto S, Kumar J, Molinaro G, et al. MEF2C regulates cortical inhibitory and excitatory synapses and behaviors relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders. elife. 2016;5: pubmed publisher
  42. Obri A, Makinistoglu M, Zhang H, Karsenty G. HDAC4 integrates PTH and sympathetic signaling in osteoblasts. J Cell Biol. 2014;205:771-80 pubmed publisher
    ..In this context, HDAC4 increases Rankl expression. Because of its ability to differentially connect two extracellular cues to the genome of osteoblasts, HDAC4 is a critical regulator of osteoclast differentiation. ..
  43. Hobson G, Krahe R, Garcia E, Siciliano M, Funanage V. Regional chromosomal assignments for four members of the MADS domain transcription enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) gene family to human chromosomes 15q26, 19p12, 5q14, and 1q12-q23. Genomics. 1995;29:704-11 pubmed
    ..MEF2 cDNA clones suggests that they arose from alternatively spliced transcripts of four different genes, termed MEF2A-D...
  44. Ohkawa Y, Marfella C, Imbalzano A. Skeletal muscle specification by myogenin and Mef2D via the SWI/SNF ATPase Brg1. EMBO J. 2006;25:490-501 pubmed
  45. De Angelis L, Zhao J, Andreucci J, Olson E, Cossu G, McDermott J. Regulation of vertebrate myotome development by the p38 MAP kinase-MEF2 signaling pathway. Dev Biol. 2005;283:171-9 pubmed
    ..We document expression of MEF2A and p38 MAPK proteins in the somite of 9.5 dpc mouse embryos concurrent with Myf 5 protein expression...
  46. Snyder C, Rice A, Estrella N, Held A, Kandarian S, Naya F. MEF2A regulates the Gtl2-Dio3 microRNA mega-cluster to modulate WNT signaling in skeletal muscle regeneration. Development. 2013;140:31-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data demonstrate that the MEF2A transcription factor plays an essential role in skeletal muscle regeneration in adult mice...
  47. Ghosh Choudhury N, Abboud S, Mahimainathan L, Chandrasekar B, Choudhury G. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulates bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2)-induced myocyte enhancer factor 2A-dependent transcription of BMP-2 gene in cardiomyocyte precursor cells. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:21998-2005 pubmed
    ..Together these data provide the first evidence that BMP-2-induced PI 3-kinase signaling regulates MEF-2A expression and define a mechanism of MEF-2A-dependent BMP-2 transcription. ..
  48. Welsbie D, Mitchell K, Jaskula Ranga V, Sluch V, Yang Z, Kim J, et al. Enhanced Functional Genomic Screening Identifies Novel Mediators of Dual Leucine Zipper Kinase-Dependent Injury Signaling in Neurons. Neuron. 2017;94:1142-1154.e6 pubmed publisher
    ..four transcription factors, JUN, activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2), myocyte-specific enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A), and SRY-Box 11 (SOX11), as being the major downstream mediators through which DLK/LZK activation leads to RGC ..
  49. Ramachandran B, Yu G, Gulick T. Nuclear respiratory factor 1 controls myocyte enhancer factor 2A transcription to provide a mechanism for coordinate expression of respiratory chain subunits. J Biol Chem. 2008;283:11935-46 pubmed publisher
    ..We show that MEF2A mRNA is induced with forced expression of NRF1 and that the MEF2A 5'-regulatory region contains an evolutionarily ..
  50. Nakajima K, Inagawa M, Uchida C, Okada K, Tane S, Kojima M, et al. Coordinated regulation of differentiation and proliferation of embryonic cardiomyocytes by a jumonji (Jarid2)-cyclin D1 pathway. Development. 2011;138:1771-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, a Jmj-cyclin D1 pathway coordinately regulates proliferation and differentiation of cardiomyocytes. ..
  51. Trazzi S, Fuchs C, Viggiano R, De Franceschi M, Valli E, Jedynak P, et al. HDAC4: a key factor underlying brain developmental alterations in CDKL5 disorder. Hum Mol Genet. 2016;25:3887-3907 pubmed publisher
    ..Nuclear HDAC4 binds to chromatin as well as to MEF2A transcription factor, leading to histone deacetylation and altered neuronal gene expression...
  52. Durham J, Brand O, Arnold M, Reynolds J, Muthukumar L, Weiler H, et al. Myospryn is a direct transcriptional target for MEF2A that encodes a striated muscle, alpha-actinin-interacting, costamere-localized protein. J Biol Chem. 2006;281:6841-9 pubmed
    ..Here, we describe the characterization of a direct, downstream target gene for the MEF2A transcription factor encoding a large, muscle-specific protein that localizes to the costamere in striated muscle...
  53. Seok H, Tatsuguchi M, Callis T, He A, Pu W, Wang D. miR-155 inhibits expression of the MEF2A protein to repress skeletal muscle differentiation. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:35339-46 pubmed publisher
    ..b>MEF2A is a member of the MEF2 (myogenic enhancer factor 2) family of transcription factors...
  54. Huang H, Brand O, Mathew M, Ignatiou C, Ewen E, McCalmon S, et al. Myomaxin is a novel transcriptional target of MEF2A that encodes a Xin-related alpha-actinin-interacting protein. J Biol Chem. 2006;281:39370-9 pubmed
    ..In our continuing effort to identify novel, downstream pathways controlled by MEF2, we have used mef2a knock-out mice to find those genes dependent on MEF2A transcriptional activity...
  55. Mukwevho E, Kohn T, Lang D, Nyatia E, Smith J, Ojuka E. Caffeine induces hyperacetylation of histones at the MEF2 site on the Glut4 promoter and increases MEF2A binding to the site via a CaMK-dependent mechanism. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2008;294:E582-8 pubmed publisher
    ..05) and increased the amount of MEF2A that was bound to this site approximately 2.2-fold (P < 0.05) 4 h posttreatment compared with controls...
  56. Gan Z, Burkart Hartman E, Han D, Finck B, Leone T, Smith E, et al. The nuclear receptor PPAR?/? programs muscle glucose metabolism in cooperation with AMPK and MEF2. Genes Dev. 2011;25:2619-30 pubmed publisher
    ..kinase (AMPK) to synergistically activate Ldhb gene transcription by cooperating with myocyte enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A) in a PPAR?/? ligand-independent manner...
  57. Sparling D, Griesel B, Weems J, Olson A. GLUT4 enhancer factor (GEF) interacts with MEF2A and HDAC5 to regulate the GLUT4 promoter in adipocytes. J Biol Chem. 2008;283:7429-37 pubmed publisher understand this important process, we have characterized GEF structural domains and its interactions with the MEF2A isoform...
  58. Lu J, McKinsey T, Nicol R, Olson E. Signal-dependent activation of the MEF2 transcription factor by dissociation from histone deacetylases. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000;97:4070-5 pubmed
  59. Gordon J, Pagiatakis C, Salma J, Du M, Andreucci J, Zhao J, et al. Protein kinase A-regulated assembly of a MEF2{middle dot}HDAC4 repressor complex controls c-Jun expression in vascular smooth muscle cells. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:19027-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Regulation of this molecular "switch" on the c-jun promoter may thus prove critical for toggling between the activated and quiescent VSMC phenotypes. ..
  60. Daems C, Martin L, Brousseau C, Tremblay J. MEF2 is restricted to the male gonad and regulates expression of the orphan nuclear receptor NR4A1. Mol Endocrinol. 2014;28:886-98 pubmed publisher
    ..MEF2 was also positioned upstream of NR4A1 in a regulatory cascade controlling Leydig cell gene expression. ..
  61. Leupin O, Kramer I, Collette N, Loots G, Natt F, Kneissel M, et al. Control of the SOST bone enhancer by PTH using MEF2 transcription factors. J Bone Miner Res. 2007;22:1957-67 pubmed
    ..Finally, siRNA-mediated knockdown of MEF2A, C, and D suppressed endogenous SOST expression in UMR-106 osteoblast-like cells...
  62. Zang T, Maksimova M, Cowan C, Bassel Duby R, Olson E, Huber K. Postsynaptic FMRP bidirectionally regulates excitatory synapses as a function of developmental age and MEF2 activity. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2013;56:39-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings suggest that FMRP and MEF2 function together to fine tune synapse formation and elimination rates in response to neuronal activity levels over the course of postnatal development. ..
  63. Lazaro J, Bailey P, Lassar A. Cyclin D-cdk4 activity modulates the subnuclear localization and interaction of MEF2 with SRC-family coactivators during skeletal muscle differentiation. Genes Dev. 2002;16:1792-805 pubmed
  64. McCalmon S, Desjardins D, Ahmad S, Davidoff K, Snyder C, Sato K, et al. Modulation of angiotensin II-mediated cardiac remodeling by the MEF2A target gene Xirp2. Circ Res. 2010;106:952-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we demonstrate that the MEF2A target gene Xirp2 (also known as cardiomyopathy associated gene 3 [CMYA3]) is an important effector of the Ang II ..
  65. Kao H, Verdel A, Tsai C, Simon C, Juguilon H, Khochbin S. Mechanism for nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of histone deacetylase 7. J Biol Chem. 2001;276:47496-507 pubmed
    ..a member of the class II histone deacetylases, specifically targets several members of myocyte enhancer factors, MEF2A, -2C, and -2D, and inhibits their transcriptional activity...
  66. Ikeda S, He A, Kong S, Lu J, Bejar R, Bodyak N, et al. MicroRNA-1 negatively regulates expression of the hypertrophy-associated calmodulin and Mef2a genes. Mol Cell Biol. 2009;29:2193-204 pubmed publisher
    ..miR-1 also negatively regulated the expression of Mef2a and Gata4, key transcription factors that mediate calcium-dependent changes in gene expression...
  67. Darwich R, Li W, Yamak A, Komati H, Andelfinger G, Sun K, et al. KLF13 is a genetic modifier of the Holt-Oram syndrome gene TBX5. Hum Mol Genet. 2017;26:942-954 pubmed publisher
    ..The data also suggest that, in human, KLF13 may be a genetic modifier of the Holt-Oram Syndrome gene TBX5. ..
  68. Hidaka K, Morisaki T, Byun S, Hashido K, Toyama K, Mukai T. The MEF2B homologue differentially expressed in mouse embryonal carcinoma cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1995;213:555-60 pubmed
    ..At least three different MADS/MEF2 domains (MEF2A, 2B and 2D) were isolated from P19 cells with the MOPAC technique (mixed oligonucleotides primed amplification of ..
  69. Ishikawa F, Miyoshi H, Nose K, Shibanuma M. Transcriptional induction of MMP-10 by TGF-beta, mediated by activation of MEF2A and downregulation of class IIa HDACs. Oncogene. 2010;29:909-19 pubmed publisher
    ..TGF-beta upregulated the gene promoter through the MEF2 site, and knockdown of the MEF2A transcription factor negatively affected MMP-10 induction, whereas its overexpression had a positive effect on the ..
  70. Bolger T, Zhao X, Cohen T, Tsai C, Yao T. The neurodegenerative disease protein ataxin-1 antagonizes the neuronal survival function of myocyte enhancer factor-2. J Biol Chem. 2007;282:29186-92 pubmed
    ..Our results identify the MEF2-HDAC4 complex as a target for ataxin-1 transcriptional repression activity and suggest a novel pathogenic mechanism whereby ataxin-1 sequesters and inhibits the neuronal survival factor MEF2. ..
  71. Yamaguchi N, Takahashi N, Xu L, Smithies O, Meissner G. Early cardiac hypertrophy in mice with impaired calmodulin regulation of cardiac muscle Ca release channel. J Clin Invest. 2007;117:1344-53 pubmed
    ..Taken together, the data indicate that impaired CaM inhibition of RyR2, associated with defective sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) release and altered gene expression, leads to cardiac hypertrophy and early death. ..
  72. Sparling D, Griesel B, Olson A. Hyperphosphorylation of MEF2A in primary adipocytes correlates with downregulation of human GLUT4 gene promoter activity. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2007;292:E1149-56 pubmed
    ..model systems are compared can be correlated to a posttranslational phosphorylation of the transcription factor MEF2A. The difference in the MEF2A phosphorylation state in whole tissue vs...
  73. Cappellari O, Benedetti S, Innocenzi A, Tedesco F, Moreno Fortuny A, Ugarte G, et al. Dll4 and PDGF-BB convert committed skeletal myoblasts to pericytes without erasing their myogenic memory. Dev Cell. 2013;24:586-99 pubmed publisher
    ..Myf5-expressing cells adopt a perithelial position, as occasionally also observed in wild-type (WT) embryos. These data indicate that endothelium, via Dll4 and PDGF-BB, induces a fate switch in adjacent skeletal myoblasts...
  74. Vetere G, Restivo L, Cole C, Ross P, Ammassari Teule M, Josselyn S, et al. Spine growth in the anterior cingulate cortex is necessary for the consolidation of contextual fear memory. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:8456-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these data strengthen the causal link between cortical structural remodeling and memory consolidation and, further, identify MEF2 as a key regulator of these processes. ..
  75. Messina G, Biressi S, Monteverde S, Magli A, Cassano M, Perani L, et al. Nfix regulates fetal-specific transcription in developing skeletal muscle. Cell. 2010;140:554-66 pubmed publisher
    ..In the case of the MCK promoter, Nfix forms a complex with PKC theta that binds, phosphorylates, and activates MEF2A. Premature expression of Nfix activates fetal and suppresses embryonic genes in embryonic muscle, whereas muscle-..
  76. Chen D, Chen F, Xu Y, Zhang Y, Li Z, Zhang H, et al. AKT2 deficiency induces retardation of myocyte development through EndoG-MEF2A signaling in mouse heart. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017;493:1410-1417 pubmed publisher
    ..Further investigation suggested that deficiency of AKT2 in myocardium results in diminished MEF2A abundance, which induced decreased size of cardiomyocytes...
  77. Medrano J, Naya F. The transcription factor MEF2A fine-tunes gene expression in the atrial and ventricular chambers of the adult heart. J Biol Chem. 2017;292:20975-20988 pubmed publisher
    ..To better understand the mechanisms of MEF2-mediated regional gene regulation in the heart, we took advantage of MEF2A knock-out (KO) mice, a model that displays a predominantly ventricular chamber phenotype...