Gene Symbol: Map2
Description: microtubule-associated protein 2
Alias: G1-397-34, MAP-2, Mtap-2, Mtap2, repro4, microtubule-associated protein 2
Species: mouse
Products:     Map2

Top Publications

  1. Sato Y, Hirata T, Ogawa M, Fujisawa H. Requirement for early-generated neurons recognized by monoclonal antibody lot1 in the formation of lateral olfactory tract. J Neurosci. 1998;18:7800-10 pubmed
    ..Ablation of lot cells prevented LOT formation in organotypic culture. These results suggest that lot cells are "guidepost cells" for mitral cell axons. ..
  2. Trommsdorff M, Gotthardt M, Hiesberger T, Shelton J, Stockinger W, Nimpf J, et al. Reeler/Disabled-like disruption of neuronal migration in knockout mice lacking the VLDL receptor and ApoE receptor 2. Cell. 1999;97:689-701 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that VLDLR and ApoER2 participate in transmitting the extracellular Reelin signal to intracellular signaling processes initiated by mDab1. ..
  3. Gonzalez Billault C, Demandt E, Wandosell F, Torres M, Bonaldo P, Stoykova A, et al. Perinatal lethality of microtubule-associated protein 1B-deficient mice expressing alternative isoforms of the protein at low levels. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2000;16:408-21 pubmed
    ..Analyses of these mice indicate the presence of several neural defects and suggest the participation of MAP1B in neuronal migration. ..
  4. Zarbalis K, Siegenthaler J, Choe Y, May S, Peterson A, Pleasure S. Cortical dysplasia and skull defects in mice with a Foxc1 allele reveal the role of meningeal differentiation in regulating cortical development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:14002-7 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, we provide evidence that defects in meningeal differentiation can lead to severe cortical dysplasia. ..
  5. Ozaki S, Snider W. Initial trajectories of sensory axons toward laminar targets in the developing mouse spinal cord. J Comp Neurol. 1997;380:215-29 pubmed
    ..The pathways taken by developing sensory afferents are compatible with the idea that cells in inappropriate laminae exert inhibitory influences on sensory axons which regulate their laminar specificity. ..
  6. Anderson S, Qiu M, Bulfone A, Eisenstat D, Meneses J, Pedersen R, et al. Mutations of the homeobox genes Dlx-1 and Dlx-2 disrupt the striatal subventricular zone and differentiation of late born striatal neurons. Neuron. 1997;19:27-37 pubmed
    ..Several lines of evidence suggest that mutations in Dlx-1 and Dlx-2 produce abnormalities in the development of the striatal subventricular zone and in the differentiation of striatal matrix neurons. ..
  7. Hevner R, Shi L, Justice N, Hsueh Y, Sheng M, Smiga S, et al. Tbr1 regulates differentiation of the preplate and layer 6. Neuron. 2001;29:353-66 pubmed
    ..These results show that Tbr1 is a common genetic determinant for the differentiation of early-born glutamatergic neocortical neurons and provide insights into the functions of these neurons as regulators of cortical development. ..
  8. Teng J, Takei Y, Harada A, Nakata T, Chen J, Hirokawa N. Synergistic effects of MAP2 and MAP1B knockout in neuronal migration, dendritic outgrowth, and microtubule organization. J Cell Biol. 2001;155:65-76 pubmed
    MAP1B and MAP2 are major members of neuronal microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). To gain insights into the function of MAP2 in vivo, we generated MAP2-deficient (map2(-/-)) mice...
  9. McEvilly R, de Diaz M, Schonemann M, Hooshmand F, Rosenfeld M. Transcriptional regulation of cortical neuron migration by POU domain factors. Science. 2002;295:1528-32 pubmed

More Information

Publications101 found, 100 shown here

  1. Harada A, Teng J, Takei Y, Oguchi K, Hirokawa N. MAP2 is required for dendrite elongation, PKA anchoring in dendrites, and proper PKA signal transduction. J Cell Biol. 2002;158:541-9 pubmed
    Microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) is a major component of cross-bridges between microtubules in dendrites, and is known to stabilize microtubules...
  2. Björkblom B, Ostman N, Hongisto V, Komarovski V, Filén J, Nyman T, et al. Constitutively active cytoplasmic c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 is a dominant regulator of dendritic architecture: role of microtubule-associated protein 2 as an effector. J Neurosci. 2005;25:6350-61 pubmed
    ..for candidate mediators, we identify the dendrite-specific high-molecular-weight microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) as a JNK substrate in the brain...
  3. Matsugami T, Tanemura K, Mieda M, Nakatomi R, Yamada K, Kondo T, et al. From the Cover: Indispensability of the glutamate transporters GLAST and GLT1 to brain development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:12161-6 pubmed
  4. Ke Y, Zhang E, Hagihara K, Wu D, Pang Y, Klein R, et al. Deletion of Shp2 in the brain leads to defective proliferation and differentiation in neural stem cells and early postnatal lethality. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:6706-17 pubmed
    ..Together, these results identify Shp2 as a critical signaling molecule in coordinated regulation of progenitor cell proliferation and neuronal/astroglial cell differentiation. ..
  5. Postiglione M, Jüschke C, Xie Y, Haas G, Charalambous C, Knoblich J. Mouse inscuteable induces apical-basal spindle orientation to facilitate intermediate progenitor generation in the developing neocortex. Neuron. 2011;72:269-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that the orientation of progenitor cell divisions is important for correct lineage specification in the developing mammalian brain. ..
  6. Pleasure S, Anderson S, Hevner R, Bagri A, Marin O, Lowenstein D, et al. Cell migration from the ganglionic eminences is required for the development of hippocampal GABAergic interneurons. Neuron. 2000;28:727-40 pubmed
    ..Loss of hippocampal interneurons does not appear to have major effects on the early development of hippocampal projection neurons nor on the pathfinding of afferrent tracts. ..
  7. Imai F, Hirai S, Akimoto K, Koyama H, Miyata T, Ogawa M, et al. Inactivation of aPKClambda results in the loss of adherens junctions in neuroepithelial cells without affecting neurogenesis in mouse neocortex. Development. 2006;133:1735-44 pubmed
    ..Therefore, we concluded that, at least in the later stages of neurogenesis, regulation of cell cycle exit is independent of adherens junctions. ..
  8. Ma Y, Li J, Chiu I, Wang Y, Sloane J, LU J, et al. Toll-like receptor 8 functions as a negative regulator of neurite outgrowth and inducer of neuronal apoptosis. J Cell Biol. 2006;175:209-15 pubmed
    ..These findings reveal novel functions for TLR8 in the mammalian nervous system that are distinct from the classical role of TLRs in immunity. ..
  9. Yamashita N, Uchida Y, Ohshima T, Hirai S, Nakamura F, Taniguchi M, et al. Collapsin response mediator protein 1 mediates reelin signaling in cortical neuronal migration. J Neurosci. 2006;26:13357-62 pubmed
    ..Loss of crmp1 in a dab1 heterozygous background led to the disruption of hippocampal lamination, a Reeler-like phenotype. In addition to axon guidance, CRMP1 regulates neuronal migration by mediating Reln signaling. ..
  10. Demyanenko G, Tsai A, Maness P. Abnormalities in neuronal process extension, hippocampal development, and the ventricular system of L1 knockout mice. J Neurosci. 1999;19:4907-20 pubmed
    ..The phenotype of the L1 mutant mouse indicates that it is a potentially valuable model for the human CRASH syndrome. ..
  11. Kuramochi Y, Takagi Sakuma M, Kitahara M, Emori R, Asaba Y, Sakaguchi R, et al. Characterization of mouse homolog of brain acyl-CoA hydrolase: molecular cloning and neuronal localization. Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2002;98:81-92 pubmed
    ..These findings will contribute to the functional analysis of the BACH gene using mice including genetic studies. ..
  12. Wang Y, Thekdi N, Smallwood P, Macke J, Nathans J. Frizzled-3 is required for the development of major fiber tracts in the rostral CNS. J Neurosci. 2002;22:8563-73 pubmed
    ..These data provide the first link between Frizzled signaling and axonal development. ..
  13. Medina D, Sciarretta C, Calella A, Von Bohlen Und Halbach O, Unsicker K, Minichiello L. TrkB regulates neocortex formation through the Shc/PLCgamma-mediated control of neuronal migration. EMBO J. 2004;23:3803-14 pubmed
    ..These results provide genetic evidence that TrkB regulates important functions throughout the formation of the cerebral cortex via recruitment of the Shc/FRS2 adaptors and PLCgamma. ..
  14. Sasaki S, Mori D, Toyo oka K, Chen A, Garrett Beal L, Muramatsu M, et al. Complete loss of Ndel1 results in neuronal migration defects and early embryonic lethality. Mol Cell Biol. 2005;25:7812-27 pubmed
  15. Iriuchijima N, Sato Harada R, Takano M, Fujio K, Sato T, Goto F, et al. Reduced expression of kinase-associated phosphatase in cortical dendrites of MAP2-deficient mice. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005;338:1216-21 pubmed
    We previously demonstrated that cAMP-dependent protein kinase was reduced in the dendrites of MAP2-deficient mice. In this study, we compared the expression of various protein phosphatases (PPs) between wild-type and map2(-/-) dendrites...
  16. Barnes A, Lilley B, Pan Y, Plummer L, Powell A, Raines A, et al. LKB1 and SAD kinases define a pathway required for the polarization of cortical neurons. Cell. 2007;129:549-63 pubmed
    ..Thus, we provide evidence in vivo and in vitro for a multikinase pathway that links extracellular signals to the intracellular machinery required for axon specification. ..
  17. Nishimura K, Ishii M, Kuraoka M, Kamimura K, Maeda N. Opposing functions of chondroitin sulfate and heparan sulfate during early neuronal polarization. Neuroscience. 2010;169:1535-47 pubmed publisher
    ..The axons of HSase-treated neurons extended steadily and showed almost no retraction. These results suggest that CS stabilizes and HS destabilizes the growth of axons in an opposing manner, contributing to early neuronal polarization. ..
  18. John A, Brylka H, Wiegreffe C, Simon R, Liu P, Jüttner R, et al. Bcl11a is required for neuronal morphogenesis and sensory circuit formation in dorsal spinal cord development. Development. 2012;139:1831-41 pubmed publisher
  19. Cloëtta D, Thomanetz V, Baranek C, Lustenberger R, Lin S, Oliveri F, et al. Inactivation of mTORC1 in the developing brain causes microcephaly and affects gliogenesis. J Neurosci. 2013;33:7799-810 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, our results show that postnatal survival, overall brain growth, and specific aspects of brain development critically depend on mTORC1 function. ..
  20. Moore K, Swing D, Copeland N, Jenkins N. The murine dilute suppressor gene encodes a cell autonomous suppressor. Genetics. 1994;138:491-7 pubmed
    ..In addition, we have further refined the map location of dsu in order to examine a number of possible dsu candidate genes mapping in the region and to provide a genetic basis for the positional cloning of dsu. ..
  21. Sakai K, Shimizu H, Koike T, Furuya S, Watanabe M. Neutral amino acid transporter ASCT1 is preferentially expressed in L-Ser-synthetic/storing glial cells in the mouse brain with transient expression in developing capillaries. J Neurosci. 2003;23:550-60 pubmed
    ..Therefore, ASCT1 appears to be regulated to meet metabolic demands by differentiating and mature neurons through the transport of glia- and blood-borne small neutral amino acids. ..
  22. Uchida T, Baba A, Pérez Martínez F, Hibi T, Miyata T, Luque J, et al. Downregulation of functional Reelin receptors in projection neurons implies that primary Reelin action occurs at early/premigratory stages. J Neurosci. 2009;29:10653-62 pubmed publisher
    ..It is thus strongly suggested that Reelin exerts critical actions on migrating projection neurons at their early/premigratory stages en route to their final destinations, in the developing cerebral cortex and cerebellum. ..
  23. Shimada N, Handa S, Uchida Y, Fukuda M, Maruyama N, Asaga H, et al. Developmental and age-related changes of peptidylarginine deiminase 2 in the mouse brain. J Neurosci Res. 2010;88:798-806 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings indicate that, despite PAD2's normally inactive status, it becomes active and citrullinates cellular proteins, but only when the intracellular Ca(2+) balance is upset during neurodegenerative changes. ..
  24. Orlova K, Parker W, Heuer G, Tsai V, Yoon J, Baybis M, et al. STRADalpha deficiency results in aberrant mTORC1 signaling during corticogenesis in humans and mice. J Clin Invest. 2010;120:1591-602 pubmed publisher
  25. Huang J, Furuya A, Hayashi K, Furuichi T. Interaction between very-KIND Ras guanine exchange factor and microtubule-associated protein 2, and its role in dendrite growth--structure and function of the second kinase noncatalytic C-lobe domain. FEBS J. 2011;278:1651-61 pubmed publisher
    ..We previously demonstrated that v-KIND interacts with the high-molecular weight microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2), a dendritic microtubule-associated protein, leading to negative regulation of neuronal dendrite growth...
  26. Puehringer D, Orel N, Lüningschrör P, Subramanian N, Herrmann T, Chao M, et al. EGF transactivation of Trk receptors regulates the migration of newborn cortical neurons. Nat Neurosci. 2013;16:407-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide genetic evidence that TrkB and TrkC activation in early cortical neurons do not depend on BDNF and NT-3, but instead on transactivation by EGFR signaling. ..
  27. Louvi A, Nishimura S, Gunel M. Ccm3, a gene associated with cerebral cavernous malformations, is required for neuronal migration. Development. 2014;141:1404-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, we identify a novel cytoplasmic regulator of neuronal migration and demonstrate that its inactivation in radial glia progenitors and nascent neurons produces severe malformations of cortical development. ..
  28. Hasegawa K, Yasuda T, Shiraishi C, Fujiwara K, Przedborski S, Mochizuki H, et al. Promotion of mitochondrial biogenesis by necdin protects neurons against mitochondrial insults. Nat Commun. 2016;7:10943 pubmed publisher
    ..These data reveal that necdin promotes mitochondrial biogenesis through stabilization of endogenous PGC-1α to exert neuroprotection against mitochondrial insults. ..
  29. Callahan D, Taylor W, Tilearcio M, Cavanaugh T, Selkoe D, Young Pearse T. Embryonic mosaic deletion of APP results in displaced Reelin-expressing cells in the cerebral cortex. Dev Biol. 2017;424:138-146 pubmed publisher
    ..This new tool should be useful for many different applications in the study of APP function across the mammalian life span. ..
  30. Xuan S, Baptista C, Balas G, Tao W, Soares V, Lai E. Winged helix transcription factor BF-1 is essential for the development of the cerebral hemispheres. Neuron. 1995;14:1141-52 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that BF-1 controls the morphogenesis of the telencephalon by regulating the rate of neuroepithelial cell proliferation and the timing of neuronal differentiation. ..
  31. Chulanova T, Echikov S, Sadovnikov V, Shchipakina T. Functional peculiarities of MAP2 in DBA/2J inbred mice as a component of genetic predisposition to seizures. Bull Exp Biol Med. 2001;132:1058-61 pubmed
    ..The revealed differences in protein content and phosphorylation can be attributed to the mechanisms mediating audiogenic seizures in DBA/2J mice and to differential sensitivity of these inbred lines to seizure-inducing factors. ..
  32. Nagae S, Tanoue T, Takeichi M. Temporal and spatial expression profiles of the Fat3 protein, a giant cadherin molecule, during mouse development. Dev Dyn. 2007;236:534-43 pubmed
    ..Based on these observations, we suggest that Fat3 plays a role in the interactions between neurites derived from specific subsets of neurons during development. ..
  33. Ikegami K, Heier R, Taruishi M, Takagi H, Mukai M, Shimma S, et al. Loss of alpha-tubulin polyglutamylation in ROSA22 mice is associated with abnormal targeting of KIF1A and modulated synaptic function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:3213-8 pubmed
    ..These data provide evidence for a role of polyglutamylation of alpha-tubulin in vivo, as a molecular traffic sign for targeting of KIF1 kinesin required for continuous synaptic transmission. ..
  34. Dahlin A, Xia L, Kong W, Hevner R, Wang J. Expression and immunolocalization of the plasma membrane monoamine transporter in the brain. Neuroscience. 2007;146:1193-211 pubmed
    ..Dual-immunofluorescence histochemistry with established phenotypic markers microtubule-associated protein (MAP2) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) revealed that mPMAT is expressed in neuronal cells but not in ..
  35. Guerrier S, Coutinho Budd J, Sassa T, Gresset A, Jordan N, Chen K, et al. The F-BAR domain of srGAP2 induces membrane protrusions required for neuronal migration and morphogenesis. Cell. 2009;138:990-1004 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that F-BAR domains are functionally diverse and highlight the functional importance of proteins directly regulating membrane deformation for proper neuronal migration and morphogenesis. ..
  36. Chatzi C, Brade T, Duester G. Retinoic acid functions as a key GABAergic differentiation signal in the basal ganglia. PLoS Biol. 2011;9:e1000609 pubmed publisher
    ..Our observation that endogenous RA is required for generation of LGE-derived GABAergic neurons in the basal ganglia establishes a key role for RA signaling in development of the forebrain. ..
  37. Altieri S, Jalabi W, Zhao T, Romito Digiacomo R, Maricich S. En1 directs superior olivary complex neuron positioning, survival, and expression of FoxP1. Dev Biol. 2015;408:99-108 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data define important roles for En1 in the development and maturation of a diverse group of brainstem auditory neurons. ..
  38. Lin P, Gleeson J, Corbo J, Flanagan L, Walsh C. DCAMKL1 encodes a protein kinase with homology to doublecortin that regulates microtubule polymerization. J Neurosci. 2000;20:9152-61 pubmed
    ..Because DCAMKL1 is coexpressed with DCX, the two proteins form a potentially mutually regulatory network linking calcium signaling and microtubule dynamics. ..
  39. Gingras H, Cases O, Krasilnikova M, Bérubé G, Nepveu A. Biochemical characterization of the mammalian Cux2 protein. Gene. 2005;344:273-85 pubmed
    ..Cux2 is able, like Cux1, to perform the CCAAT-displacement activity. However, Cux2 is unlikely to execute transcriptional regulatory functions that require stable interaction with DNA. ..
  40. Ye H, Tan Y, Ponniah S, Takeda Y, Wang S, Schachner M, et al. Neural recognition molecules CHL1 and NB-3 regulate apical dendrite orientation in the neocortex via PTP alpha. EMBO J. 2008;27:188-200 pubmed
    ..We propose a signaling complex in which PTPalpha mediates CHL1 and NB-3-regulated apical dendrite projection in the developing caudal cortex. ..
  41. Franco S, Martinez Garay I, Gil Sanz C, Harkins Perry S, Muller U. Reelin regulates cadherin function via Dab1/Rap1 to control neuronal migration and lamination in the neocortex. Neuron. 2011;69:482-97 pubmed publisher
  42. Lane S, Yun Y, Jones K. Timing of anaphase-promoting complex activation in mouse oocytes is predicted by microtubule-kinetochore attachment but not by bivalent alignment or tension. Development. 2012;139:1947-55 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that, in oocytes, a few erroneous attachments of bivalent kinetochores to microtubules do not generate a sufficient SAC 'wait anaphase' signal to inhibit the APC/C...
  43. Dibbens L, de Vries B, Donatello S, Heron S, Hodgson B, Chintawar S, et al. Mutations in DEPDC5 cause familial focal epilepsy with variable foci. Nat Genet. 2013;45:546-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Shared homology with G protein signaling molecules and localization in human neurons suggest a role of DEPDC5 in neuronal signal transduction. ..
  44. Chen C, Hehnly H, Yu Q, Farkas D, Zheng G, Redick S, et al. A unique set of centrosome proteins requires pericentrin for spindle-pole localization and spindle orientation. Curr Biol. 2014;24:2327-2334 pubmed publisher
    ..Not only do these data reveal a spindle-pole-localized complex for spindle orientation, but they identify key spindle symmetry proteins involved in the pathogenesis of MOPDII. ..
  45. Nishizumi H, Komiyama T, Miyabayashi T, Sakano S, Sakano H. BET, a novel neuronal transmembrane protein with multiple EGF-like motifs. Neuroreport. 2002;13:909-15 pubmed
    ..BET is the first transmembrane protein containing only multiple EGF-like repeats specifically expressed in the brain. ..
  46. Araya R, Kudo M, Kawano M, Ishii K, Hashikawa T, Iwasato T, et al. BMP signaling through BMPRIA in astrocytes is essential for proper cerebral angiogenesis and formation of the blood-brain-barrier. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2008;38:417-30 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that BMPRIA signaling in astrocytes regulates the expression of VEGF for proper cerebrovascular angiogenesis and has a role on in the formation of the blood-brain-barrier. ..
  47. Wong Y, Lu A, Wang Y, Cheng H, Chang C, Chen P, et al. Protogenin defines a transition stage during embryonic neurogenesis and prevents precocious neuronal differentiation. J Neurosci. 2010;30:4428-39 pubmed publisher
  48. Hirai S, Kawaguchi A, Hirasawa R, Baba M, Ohnishi T, Ohno S. MAPK-upstream protein kinase (MUK) regulates the radial migration of immature neurons in telencephalon of mouse embryo. Development. 2002;129:4483-95 pubmed
    ..In COS-1 cells, MUK/DLK/ZPK overexpression impairs the radial organization of microtubules without massive depolymerization. These results suggest that MUK/DLK/ZPK and JNK regulate radial cell migration via microtubule-based events. ..
  49. Khuchua Z, Wozniak D, Bardgett M, Yue Z, McDonald M, Boero J, et al. Deletion of the N-terminus of murine map2 by gene targeting disrupts hippocampal ca1 neuron architecture and alters contextual memory. Neuroscience. 2003;119:101-11 pubmed
    Microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP2) is a brain specific A-kinase anchoring protein that targets the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase holoenzyme (PKA) to microtubules...
  50. Demyanenko G, Schachner M, Anton E, Schmid R, Feng G, Sanes J, et al. Close homolog of L1 modulates area-specific neuronal positioning and dendrite orientation in the cerebral cortex. Neuron. 2004;44:423-37 pubmed
    ..The restriction of CHL1 expression and effects of its deletion in posterior neocortical areas suggests that CHL1 may regulate area-specific neuronal connectivity and, by extension, function in the visual and somatosensory cortex. ..
  51. Huang J, Furuya A, Furuichi T. Very-KIND, a KIND domain containing RasGEF, controls dendrite growth by linking Ras small GTPases and MAP2. J Cell Biol. 2007;179:539-52 pubmed
    ..two kinase non-catalytic C-lobe domains (KINDs), very-KIND (v-KIND), regulates microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2). v-KIND is expressed in developing mouse brain, predominantly in the cerebellar granule cells...
  52. Kwan K, Lam M, Krsnik Z, Kawasawa Y, Lefebvre V, Sestan N. SOX5 postmitotically regulates migration, postmigratory differentiation, and projections of subplate and deep-layer neocortical neurons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:16021-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, SOX5 postmitotically regulates the migration, postmigratory differentiation, and subcortical projections of subplate and deep-layer neurons. ..
  53. Worzfeld T, Swiercz J, Sentürk A, Genz B, Korostylev A, Deng S, et al. Genetic dissection of plexin signaling in vivo. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111:2194-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Our genetic analyses uncover the in vivo context-dependence and functional specificity of individual plexin-mediated signaling pathways during development. ..
  54. Khrimian L, Obri A, Ramos Brossier M, Rousseaud A, Moriceau S, Nicot A, et al. Gpr158 mediates osteocalcin's regulation of cognition. J Exp Med. 2017;214:2859-2873 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that exogenous OCN can improve hippocampal-dependent memory in mice and identify molecular tools to harness this pathway for therapeutic purposes. ..
  55. Sretavan D, Feng L, Pure E, Reichardt L. Embryonic neurons of the developing optic chiasm express L1 and CD44, cell surface molecules with opposing effects on retinal axon growth. Neuron. 1994;12:957-75 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that L1/CD44 neurons may serve as an anatomical template for retinal axon pathways at the embryonic mouse ventral diencephalon. ..
  56. Motoyama N, Wang F, Roth K, Sawa H, Nakayama K, Negishi I, et al. Massive cell death of immature hematopoietic cells and neurons in Bcl-x-deficient mice. Science. 1995;267:1506-10 pubmed
    ..The life-span of immature lymphocytes, but not mature lymphocytes, was shortened. Thus, Bcl-x functions to support the viability of immature cells during the development of the nervous and hematopoietic systems. ..
  57. Chen B, Bixby J. Neuronal pentraxin with chromo domain (NPCD) is a novel class of protein expressed in multiple neuronal domains. J Comp Neurol. 2005;481:391-402 pubmed
    ..The biochemical complexity and neuronal expression pattern of NPCD, together with its interaction with PTPRO, suggests involvement in multiple neuronal processes. ..
  58. Hisaoka T, Morikawa Y, Komori T, Sugiyama T, Kitamura T, Senba E. Characterization of TROY-expressing cells in the developing and postnatal CNS: the possible role in neuronal and glial cell development. Eur J Neurosci. 2006;23:3149-60 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that the signaling from TROY regulates neuronal differentiation at least in part. ..
  59. Imamura O, Satoh Y, Endo S, Takishima K. Analysis of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 function in neural stem/progenitor cells via nervous system-specific gene disruption. Stem Cells. 2008;26:3247-56 pubmed publisher
  60. Zhou W, Zhang Y, Li Y, Wei Y, Liu G, Liu D, et al. A transgenic Cre mouse line for the study of cortical and hippocampal development. Genesis. 2010;48:343-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, this mouse line will likely prove to be a useful tool for studying cortical and hippocampal development via activation or inactivation of interesting genes. ..
  61. Williams T, Courchet J, Viollet B, Brenman J, Polleux F. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity is not required for neuronal development but regulates axogenesis during metabolic stress. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:5849-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results demonstrate that AMPK catalytic activity is not required for early neural development in vivo but its overactivation during metabolic stress impairs neuronal polarization in a mTOR-dependent manner. ..
  62. Hara Y, Fukaya M, Tamaki H, Sakagami H. Type I phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase ? is required for neuronal migration in the mouse developing cerebral cortex. Eur J Neurosci. 2013;38:2659-71 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest an essential role of PIP5KI?, particularly PIP5KI?_i2, in neuronal migration, possibly through recruitment of adhesion components to the plasma membrane. ..
  63. Hasegawa S, Kumagai M, Hagihara M, Nishimaru H, Hirano K, Kaneko R, et al. Distinct and Cooperative Functions for the Protocadherin-?, -? and -? Clusters in Neuronal Survival and Axon Targeting. Front Mol Neurosci. 2016;9:155 pubmed publisher
    ..The Pcdh?, Pcdh?, and Pcdh? clusters share roles in olfactory-axon targeting and neuronal survival, although to different degrees. ..
  64. Porteus M, Bulfone A, Liu J, Puelles L, Lo L, Rubenstein J. DLX-2, MASH-1, and MAP-2 expression and bromodeoxyuridine incorporation define molecularly distinct cell populations in the embryonic mouse forebrain. J Neurosci. 1994;14:6370-83 pubmed
  65. Zhong W, Jiang M, Schonemann M, Meneses J, Pedersen R, Jan L, et al. Mouse numb is an essential gene involved in cortical neurogenesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000;97:6844-9 pubmed
    ..5 (E11. 5). These findings suggest that m-numb is an essential gene that plays a role in promoting progenitor cell fate during cortical neurogenesis. ..
  66. Hübner C, Stein V, Hermans Borgmeyer I, Meyer T, Ballanyi K, Jentsch T. Disruption of KCC2 reveals an essential role of K-Cl cotransport already in early synaptic inhibition. Neuron. 2001;30:515-24 pubmed
    ..Patch-clamp measurements of embryonic day 18.5 spinal cord motoneurons demonstrated an excitatory GABA and glycine action in the absence, but not in the presence, of KCC2, revealing a crucial role of KCC2 for synaptic inhibition. ..
  67. Hanashima C, Li S, Shen L, Lai E, Fishell G. Foxg1 suppresses early cortical cell fate. Science. 2004;303:56-9 pubmed
    ..Hence, the competence to generate the earliest born neurons during later cortical development is actively suppressed but not lost. ..
  68. Mecha M, Rabadán M, Pena Melian A, Valencia M, Mondéjar T, Blanco M. Expression of TGF-betas in the embryonic nervous system: analysis of interbalance between isoforms. Dev Dyn. 2008;237:1709-17 pubmed publisher
  69. Sandoz G, Tardy M, Thümmler S, Feliciangeli S, Lazdunski M, Lesage F. Mtap2 is a constituent of the protein network that regulates twik-related K+ channel expression and trafficking. J Neurosci. 2008;28:8545-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we show that the microtubule-associated protein Mtap2 is another constituent of native TREK channels in the brain...
  70. Wirt S, Adler A, Gebala V, Weimann J, Schaffer B, Saddic L, et al. G1 arrest and differentiation can occur independently of Rb family function. J Cell Biol. 2010;191:809-25 pubmed publisher
  71. Nakata T, Niwa S, Okada Y, Perez F, Hirokawa N. Preferential binding of a kinesin-1 motor to GTP-tubulin-rich microtubules underlies polarized vesicle transport. J Cell Biol. 2011;194:245-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, these data suggest that the abundance of GTP-tubulin in axonal microtubules may underlie selective KIF5 localization and polarized axonal vesicular transport. ..
  72. Deleyrolle L, Sabourin J, Rothhut B, Fujita H, Guichet P, Teigell M, et al. OCAM regulates embryonic spinal cord stem cell proliferation by modulating ErbB2 receptor. PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0122337 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that OCAM exerts a posttranscriptional control on the ErbB2 signalling in spinal cord stem cells. This study adds further support for considering cell adhesion molecules as regulators of the ErbB signalling. ..
  73. Wojcik S, Katsurabayashi S, Guillemin I, Friauf E, Rosenmund C, Brose N, et al. A shared vesicular carrier allows synaptic corelease of GABA and glycine. Neuron. 2006;50:575-87 pubmed
    ..Since GABA and glycine compete for vesicular uptake, these data point to a close association of Viaat with GABA-synthesizing enzymes as a key factor in specifying GABAergic neuronal phenotypes. ..
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