Gene Symbol: Lcn2
Description: lipocalin 2
Alias: 24p3, AW212229, NRL, Sip24, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, SV-40-induced 24P3 protein, neu-related lipocalin, p25, secreted inducible protein 24, siderocalin LCN2
Species: mouse
Products:     Lcn2

Top Publications

  1. Roudkenar M, Kuwahara Y, Baba T, Roushandeh A, Ebishima S, Abe S, et al. Oxidative stress induced lipocalin 2 gene expression: addressing its expression under the harmful conditions. J Radiat Res. 2007;48:39-44 pubmed
    Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2, NGAL) is a member of the lipocalin superfamily with diverse functions such as the transport of fatty acids and the induction of apoptosis...
  2. Guo H, Bazuine M, Jin D, Huang M, Cushman S, Chen X. Evidence for the regulatory role of lipocalin 2 in high-fat diet-induced adipose tissue remodeling in male mice. Endocrinology. 2013;154:3525-38 pubmed publisher
    Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2) has previously been characterized as an adipokine/cytokine playing a role in glucose and lipid homeostasis...
  3. Bachman M, Miller V, Weiser J. Mucosal lipocalin 2 has pro-inflammatory and iron-sequestering effects in response to bacterial enterobactin. PLoS Pathog. 2009;5:e1000622 pubmed publisher both gram-positive and gram-negative pathogens induces expression of the innate immune protein lipocalin 2 (Lcn2)...
  4. Garay Rojas E, Harper M, Hraba Renevey S, Kress M. An apparent autocrine mechanism amplifies the dexamethasone- and retinoic acid-induced expression of mouse lipocalin-encoding gene 24p3. Gene. 1996;170:173-80 pubmed
    We have isolated, sequenced and characterized the mouse 24p3 gene. The 24p3 protein is a member of the lipocalin family comprising secreted transporters of hydrophobic ligands...
  5. Devireddy L, Hart D, Goetz D, Green M. A mammalian siderophore synthesized by an enzyme with a bacterial homolog involved in enterobactin production. Cell. 2010;141:1006-17 pubmed publisher
    Intracellular iron homeostasis is critical for survival and proliferation. Lipocalin 24p3 is an iron-trafficking protein that binds iron through association with a bacterial siderophore, such as enterobactin, or a postulated mammalian ..
  6. Arlinghaus R, Leng X. Requirement of lipocalin 2 for chronic myeloid leukemia. Leuk Lymphoma. 2008;49:600-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Our new findings indicate that lipocalin 2 is required for leukemia induction, as prevention of expression of lipocalin 2 by BCR-ABL+ mouse marrow cells totally blocks leukemia induction in a mouse model. ..
  7. Elangovan N, Lee Y, Tzeng W, Chu S. Delivery of ferric ion to mouse spermatozoa is mediated by lipocalin internalization. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004;319:1096-104 pubmed
    The aim of this study was to illustrate the further process of 24p3 protein after association with epididymal spermatozoa. We have previously identified a caput-initiated 24p3 protein, which interacts with the spermatozoa surface in vitro...
  8. Flo T, Smith K, Sato S, Rodriguez D, Holmes M, Strong R, et al. Lipocalin 2 mediates an innate immune response to bacterial infection by sequestrating iron. Nature. 2004;432:917-21 pubmed
    ..Our finding represents a new component of the innate immune system and the acute phase response to infection. ..
  9. Mishra J, Mori K, Ma Q, Kelly C, Yang J, Mitsnefes M, et al. Amelioration of ischemic acute renal injury by neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2004;15:3073-82 pubmed
    ..The results indicate that NGAL may represent a novel therapeutic intervention in ischemic acute renal failure, based at least in part on its ability to tilt the balance of tubule cell fate toward survival. ..

More Information


  1. Aigner F, Maier H, Schwelberger H, Wallnöfer E, Amberger A, Obrist P, et al. Lipocalin-2 regulates the inflammatory response during ischemia and reperfusion of the transplanted heart. Am J Transplant. 2007;7:779-88 pubmed
    ..Moreover, an increase in Lcn-2 is not only restricted to the transplanted heart, but is also observed in the kidney, hinting at a possible involvement of Lcn-2 in the systemic response to IR. ..
  2. Law I, Xu A, Lam K, Berger T, Mak T, Vanhoutte P, et al. Lipocalin-2 deficiency attenuates insulin resistance associated with aging and obesity. Diabetes. 2010;59:872-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Under conditions of aging or dietary-/genetic-induced obesity, lipocalin-2 knockout (Lcn2-KO) mice show significantly decreased fasting glucose and insulin levels and improved insulin sensitivity compared ..
  3. Saiga H, Nishimura J, Kuwata H, Okuyama M, Matsumoto S, Sato S, et al. Lipocalin 2-dependent inhibition of mycobacterial growth in alveolar epithelium. J Immunol. 2008;181:8521-7 pubmed
    ..tuberculosis remains unknown. In this study, we report that lipocalin 2 (Lcn2)-dependent inhibition of mycobacterial growth within epithelial cells is required for anti-mycobacterial innate ..
  4. Yan Q, Yang Q, Mody N, Graham T, Hsu C, Xu Z, et al. The adipokine lipocalin 2 is regulated by obesity and promotes insulin resistance. Diabetes. 2007;56:2533-40 pubmed
    We identified lipocalin 2 (Lcn2) as a gene induced by dexamethasone and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in cultured adipocytes...
  5. Nelson A, Barasch J, Bunte R, Weiser J. Bacterial colonization of nasal mucosa induces expression of siderocalin, an iron-sequestering component of innate immunity. Cell Microbiol. 2005;7:1404-17 pubmed
    ..influenzae are known to produce or utilize siderophores, successful colonizers of the nasal passages may have evolved siderophore-independent mechanisms to acquire essential iron and to evade the inhibitory effects of Scn. ..
  6. Lin H, Monaco G, Sun T, Ling X, Stephens C, Xie S, et al. Bcr-Abl-mediated suppression of normal hematopoiesis in leukemia. Oncogene. 2005;24:3246-56 pubmed
    ..The lipocalin 24p3 was reported to be secreted by mouse hematopoietic cells deprived of IL-3, resulting in apoptosis induction in a ..
  7. Jin D, Guo H, Bu S, Zhang Y, Hannaford J, Mashek D, et al. Lipocalin 2 is a selective modulator of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma activation and function in lipid homeostasis and energy expenditure. FASEB J. 2011;25:754-64 pubmed publisher
    We have previously identified lipocalin 2 (Lcn2) as a cytokine playing a critical role in the regulation of body fat mass, lipid metabolism, and insulin resistance. Lcn2 deficiency reduces PPAR? gene expression in adipocytes...
  8. Berger T, Cheung C, Elia A, Mak T. Disruption of the Lcn2 gene in mice suppresses primary mammary tumor formation but does not decrease lung metastasis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:2995-3000 pubmed publisher
    Based largely on studies in xenograft models, lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) has been implicated in the progression of multiple types of human tumors, including breast cancer...
  9. Shen F, Hu Z, Goswami J, Gaffen S. Identification of common transcriptional regulatory elements in interleukin-17 target genes. J Biol Chem. 2006;281:24138-48 pubmed
    ..Our recent microarray studies identified an acute phase response gene, 24p3/lipocalin 2, as a novel IL-17-induced gene. Here we describe a detailed analysis of the 24p3 promoter...
  10. Kuwabara T, Mori K, Mukoyama M, Kasahara M, Yokoi H, Saito Y, et al. Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin levels reflect damage to glomeruli, proximal tubules, and distal nephrons. Kidney Int. 2009;75:285-94 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study shows that the urinary Ngal level may be useful for monitoring the status and treatment of diverse renal diseases reflecting defects in glomerular filtration barrier, proximal tubule reabsorption, and distal nephrons. ..
  11. Marques F, Rodrigues A, Sousa J, Coppola G, Geschwind D, Sousa N, et al. Lipocalin 2 is a choroid plexus acute-phase protein. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2008;28:450-5 pubmed
    Lipocalin 2 (LCN2) is able to sequester iron-loaded bacterial siderophores and, therefore, is known to participate in the mammalian innate immune response...
  12. Reilly P, Teo W, Low M, Amoyo Brion A, Dominguez Brauer C, Elia A, et al. Lipocalin 2 performs contrasting, location-dependent roles in APCmin tumor initiation and progression. Oncogene. 2013;32:1233-9 pubmed publisher
    Evidence that lipocalin 2 (LCN2) is oncogenic has grown in recent years and comes from both animal models and expression analysis from a variety of human cancers...
  13. Vinuesa E, Sola A, Jung M, Alfaro V, Hotter G. Lipocalin-2-induced renal regeneration depends on cytokines. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2008;295:F1554-62 pubmed publisher the recovery phase of kidney ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is mediated by endogenously generated lipocalin-2 (Lcn2)...
  14. Hanai J, Mammoto T, Seth P, Mori K, Karumanchi S, Barasch J, et al. Lipocalin 2 diminishes invasiveness and metastasis of Ras-transformed cells. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:13641-7 pubmed
    ..Lipocalin 2 action was enhanced by iron-siderophore. These data characterize lipocalin 2 as an epithelial inducer in Ras malignancy and a suppressor of metastasis. ..
  15. Roudkenar M, Halabian R, Roushandeh A, Nourani M, Masroori N, Ebrahimi M, et al. Lipocalin 2 regulation by thermal stresses: protective role of Lcn2/NGAL against cold and heat stresses. Exp Cell Res. 2009;315:3140-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2/NGAL) is expressed in various normal and pathologic conditions...
  16. Wu H, Santoni Rugiu E, Ralfkiaer E, Porse B, Moser C, Høiby N, et al. Lipocalin 2 is protective against E. coli pneumonia. Respir Res. 2010;11:96 pubmed publisher
    ..coli is rare despite a frequent exposure to this commensal bacterium. Lipocalin 2 is an effector molecule of the innate immune system and could therefore play a role in hindering growth of E. coli in the lungs...
  17. Bao G, Clifton M, Hoette T, Mori K, Deng S, Qiu A, et al. Iron traffics in circulation bound to a siderocalin (Ngal)-catechol complex. Nat Chem Biol. 2010;6:602-9 pubmed publisher
    The lipocalins are secreted proteins that bind small organic molecules. Scn-Ngal (also known as neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin, siderocalin, lipocalin 2) sequesters bacterial iron chelators, called siderophores, and ..
  18. Lee S, Kim J, Kim J, Seo J, Han H, Lee W, et al. Lipocalin-2 Is a chemokine inducer in the central nervous system: role of chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL10) in lipocalin-2-induced cell migration. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:43855-70 pubmed publisher
    The secreted protein lipocalin-2 (LCN2) has been implicated in diverse cellular processes, including cell morphology and migration. Little is known, however, about the role of LCN2 in the CNS...
  19. Ryon J, Bendickson L, Nilsen Hamilton M. High expression in involuting reproductive tissues of uterocalin/24p3, a lipocalin and acute phase protein. Biochem J. 2002;367:271-7 pubmed
  20. Guo H, Jin D, Zhang Y, Wright W, Bazuine M, Brockman D, et al. Lipocalin-2 deficiency impairs thermogenesis and potentiates diet-induced insulin resistance in mice. Diabetes. 2010;59:1376-85 pubmed publisher
    ..b>LCN2 has been recently characterized as an adipose-derived cytokine, and its expression is upregulated in adipose tissue ..
  21. Shi H, Gu Y, Yang J, Xu L, Mi W, Yu W. Lipocalin 2 promotes lung metastasis of murine breast cancer cells. J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 2008;27:83 pubmed publisher
    ..These results clarified that lipocalin 2 could promote lung metastasis of 4T1 cells through the inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway, suggesting that lipocalin 2 was a potential target for therapy of breast cancer. ..
  22. Sommer G, Weise S, Kralisch S, Lossner U, Bluher M, Stumvoll M, et al. Lipocalin-2 is induced by interleukin-1beta in murine adipocytes in vitro. J Cell Biochem. 2009;106:103-8 pubmed publisher
    Lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) has recently been isolated as an adipocyte-secreted acute phase reactant that plays a role in insulin resistance, obesity, and atherosclerotic disease...
  23. Zhang J, Wu Y, Zhang Y, LeRoith D, Bernlohr D, Chen X. The role of lipocalin 2 in the regulation of inflammation in adipocytes and macrophages. Mol Endocrinol. 2008;22:1416-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Herein we show that the levels of LCN2 mRNA are dramatically increased in adipose tissue and liver of ob/ob mice and primary adipose cells isolated from ..
  24. Fischbach M, Lin H, Zhou L, Yu Y, Abergel R, Liu D, et al. The pathogen-associated iroA gene cluster mediates bacterial evasion of lipocalin 2. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:16502-7 pubmed
    ..Secreted lipocalin 2 (Lcn2) sequesters the Escherichia coli siderophore enterobactin (Ent), preventing E...
  25. Berger T, Togawa A, Duncan G, Elia A, You Ten A, Wakeham A, et al. Lipocalin 2-deficient mice exhibit increased sensitivity to Escherichia coli infection but not to ischemia-reperfusion injury. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:1834-9 pubmed
    ..To investigate these functions in vivo, we generated gene-targeted lipocalin 2-deficient mice (Lcn2-/- mice)...
  26. Viau A, El Karoui K, Laouari D, Burtin M, Nguyen C, Mori K, et al. Lipocalin 2 is essential for chronic kidney disease progression in mice and humans. J Clin Invest. 2010;120:4065-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results showed that lipocalin 2 (Lcn2, also known as neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin [NGAL]), the most highly upregulated gene in the FVB/N ..
  27. Mucha M, Skrzypiec A, Schiavon E, Attwood B, Kucerova E, Pawlak R. Lipocalin-2 controls neuronal excitability and anxiety by regulating dendritic spine formation and maturation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:18436-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we found that the lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) gene, encoding a secreted protein of unknown neuronal function, was up-regulated in mouse hippocampus following ..
  28. Liu Z, Yang A, Wang Z, Bunting K, Davuluri G, Green M, et al. Multiple apoptotic defects in hematopoietic cells from mice lacking lipocalin 24p3. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:20606-14 pubmed publisher
    The lipocalin mouse 24p3 has been implicated in diverse physiological processes, including apoptosis, iron trafficking, development and innate immunity...
  29. Halaas O, Steigedal M, Haug M, Awuh J, Ryan L, Brech A, et al. Intracellular Mycobacterium avium intersect transferrin in the Rab11(+) recycling endocytic pathway and avoid lipocalin 2 trafficking to the lysosomal pathway. J Infect Dis. 2010;201:783-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The mammalian innate immunity protein lipocalin 2 (Lcn2; also known as neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, 24p3, or siderocalin) binds the siderophore ..
  30. Fritsche G, Nairz M, Libby S, Fang F, Weiss G. Slc11a1 (Nramp1) impairs growth of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium in macrophages via stimulation of lipocalin-2 expression. J Leukoc Biol. 2012;92:353-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we provide novel evidence that Nramp1 functionality increases the expression of the peptide Lcn2, which exerts its antimicrobial activity by scavenging iron-loaded bacterial siderophores and mediating iron efflux ..
  31. Hraba Renevey S, Turler H, Kress M, Salomon C, Weil R. SV40-induced expression of mouse gene 24p3 involves a post-transcriptional mechanism. Oncogene. 1989;4:601-8 pubmed
    ..By differential screening of the library we have isolated and then sequenced cDNA recombinant 24p3; determined by Northern blotting, 24p3 mRNA steady state levels increased in parallel with polyoma and SV40 T-..
  32. Leng X, Ding T, Lin H, Wang Y, Hu L, Hu J, et al. Inhibition of lipocalin 2 impairs breast tumorigenesis and metastasis. Cancer Res. 2009;69:8579-84 pubmed publisher
    Lipocalin 2 (LCN2; also known as NGAL) is a secreted glycoprotein and its elevated expression has been observed in breast cancers. However, the importance of LCN2 in breast tumorigenesis is unclear...
  33. Raffatellu M, George M, Akiyama Y, Hornsby M, Nuccio S, Paixao T, et al. Lipocalin-2 resistance confers an advantage to Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium for growth and survival in the inflamed intestine. Cell Host Microbe. 2009;5:476-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, resistance to lipocalin-2 defines a specific adaptation of S. Typhimurium for growth in the inflamed intestine...
  34. Chu S, Huang H, Chen J, Chen Y. Demonstration of a glycoprotein derived from the 24p3 gene in mouse uterine luminal fluid. Biochem J. 1996;316 ( Pt 2):545-50 pubmed
    ..sequences determined from its trypsin digests were found to be identical with the protein sequence deduced from 24p3 cDNA. The core protein and the total amount of carbohydrate together gave a molecular mass of 25.8 kDa...
  35. Gwira J, Wei F, Ishibe S, Ueland J, Barasch J, Cantley L. Expression of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin regulates epithelial morphogenesis in vitro. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:7875-82 pubmed
  36. Sunil V, Patel K, Nilsen Hamilton M, Heck D, Laskin J, Laskin D. Acute endotoxemia is associated with upregulation of lipocalin 24p3/Lcn2 in lung and liver. Exp Mol Pathol. 2007;83:177-87 pubmed mice (1 mg/kg) or rats (5 mg/kg), resulted in increased expression of the hepatic acute phase protein, lipocalin 24p3, which was evident within 4 h and persisted for 24-48 h...
  37. Mori K, Lee H, Rapoport D, Drexler I, Foster K, Yang J, et al. Endocytic delivery of lipocalin-siderophore-iron complex rescues the kidney from ischemia-reperfusion injury. J Clin Invest. 2005;115:610-21 pubmed
    ..We reveal what we believe to be a novel pathway of iron traffic that is activated in human and mouse renal diseases, and it provides a unique method for their treatment...
  38. Jha M, Jeon S, Jin M, Ock J, Kim J, Lee W, et al. The pivotal role played by lipocalin-2 in chronic inflammatory pain. Exp Neurol. 2014;254:41-53 pubmed publisher
    Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) is an acute phase protein induced in response to injury, infection or other inflammatory stimuli...
  39. Stoesz S, Gould M. Overexpression of neu-related lipocalin (NRL) in neu-initiated but not ras or chemically initiated rat mammary carcinomas. Oncogene. 1995;11:2233-41 pubmed
    ..This uniquely overexpressed gene was termed neu-related lipocalin (NRL). NRL protein was produced in a baculovirus system, purified and used to generate polyclonal antibodies...
  40. Devireddy L, Gazin C, Zhu X, Green M. A cell-surface receptor for lipocalin 24p3 selectively mediates apoptosis and iron uptake. Cell. 2005;123:1293-305 pubmed
    The lipocalin mouse 24p3 has been implicated in diverse physiological processes, including apoptosis due to interleukin-3 (IL-3) deprivation and iron transport. Here we report cloning of the 24p3 cell-surface receptor (24p3R)...
  41. Lee S, Lee J, Kim S, Park J, Lee W, Mori K, et al. A dual role of lipocalin 2 in the apoptosis and deramification of activated microglia. J Immunol. 2007;179:3231-41 pubmed
    ..The expression of lipocalin 2 (lcn2) was significantly down-regulated in the microglial cells that were resistant to NO-induced apoptosis...
  42. Leng X, Lin H, Ding T, Wang Y, Wu Y, Klumpp S, et al. Lipocalin 2 is required for BCR-ABL-induced tumorigenesis. Oncogene. 2008;27:6110-9 pubmed publisher
    Our previous studies indicate that reduction of lipocalin 2 (mouse 24p3) expression by either anti-sense or siRNA approaches strongly reduces the overgrowth of BCR-ABL+ mouse myeloid 32D in marrow and spleen of NOD/SCID mice...
  43. Chan Y, Liu J, Pociask D, Zheng M, Mietzner T, Berger T, et al. Lipocalin 2 is required for pulmonary host defense against Klebsiella infection. J Immunol. 2009;182:4947-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Lipocalin 2 (siderocalin, NGAL, 24p3), a siderophore-binding antimicrobial protein, is critical for control of systemic infection with Escherichia coli; ..
  44. Nairz M, Theurl I, Schroll A, Theurl M, Fritsche G, Lindner E, et al. Absence of functional Hfe protects mice from invasive Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium infection via induction of lipocalin-2. Blood. 2009;114:3642-51 pubmed publisher
    ..This increased resistance is paralleled by an enhanced production of the enterochelin-binding peptide lipocalin-2 (Lcn2), which reduces the availability of iron for Salmonella within Hfe-deficient macrophages...
  45. Jin D, Zhang Y, Chen X. Lipocalin 2 deficiency inhibits cell proliferation, autophagy, and mitochondrial biogenesis in mouse embryonic cells. Mol Cell Biochem. 2011;351:165-72 pubmed publisher
    Lipocalin 2 (LCN2) has been recently implicated as a critical player in multiple cancer tumorigeneses. However, the molecular mechanisms for its tumorigenic role are poorly understood...
  46. Paragas N, Qiu A, Zhang Q, Samstein B, Deng S, Schmidt Ott K, et al. The Ngal reporter mouse detects the response of the kidney to injury in real time. Nat Med. 2011;17:216-22 pubmed publisher
    ..mouse by inserting a double-fusion reporter gene encoding luciferase-2 and mCherry (Luc2-mC) into the Ngal (Lcn2) locus...
  47. Bong J, Seol M, Kim H, Han O, Back K, Baik M. The 24p3 gene is induced during involution of the mammary gland and induces apoptosis of mammary epithelial cells. Mol Cells. 2004;17:29-34 pubmed
    ..Characterization of clones by sequencing and Northern analysis showed that expression of 24p3 was induced during involution of the mammary gland...
  48. Rodvold J, Mahadevan N, Zanetti M. Lipocalin 2 in cancer: when good immunity goes bad. Cancer Lett. 2012;316:132-8 pubmed publisher
    The innate immune molecule Lipocalin 2 (LCN2) was initially shown to combat bacterial infection by binding bacterial siderophores, hence impairing microbial iron sequestration...
  49. Xu G, Ahn J, Chang S, Eguchi M, Ogier A, Han S, et al. Lipocalin-2 induces cardiomyocyte apoptosis by increasing intracellular iron accumulation. J Biol Chem. 2012;287:4808-17 pubmed publisher
    Our objective was to determine whether lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) regulates cardiomyocyte apoptosis, the mechanisms involved, and the functional significance...
  50. Srinivasan G, Aitken J, Zhang B, Carvalho F, Chassaing B, Shashidharamurthy R, et al. Lipocalin 2 deficiency dysregulates iron homeostasis and exacerbates endotoxin-induced sepsis. J Immunol. 2012;189:1911-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2; siderocalin, 24p3) plays a central role in iron transport...
  51. Shashidharamurthy R, Machiah D, Aitken J, Putty K, Srinivasan G, Chassaing B, et al. Differential role of lipocalin 2 during immune complex-mediated acute and chronic inflammation in mice. Arthritis Rheum. 2013;65:1064-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, LCN-2 may present a promising target in the treatment of IC-mediated inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. ..
  52. Flower D, North A, Attwood T. Mouse oncogene protein 24p3 is a member of the lipocalin protein family. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1991;180:69-74 pubmed
    ..It has allowed the identification of an existing sequence, mouse 24p3 protein, as a lipocalin and the possible rejection of other putative members from this protein family...
  53. Liu Q, Nilsen Hamilton M. Identification of a new acute phase protein. J Biol Chem. 1995;270:22565-70 pubmed
    We have previously reported mouse SIP24 protein as a secreted inducible protein produced by quiescent Balb/c 3T3 cells...